My post ‘The Two Cultures Of Organised Abuse’ discussed the collection of Clever Scientists who worked in institutions such as Cambridge University (in particular the Cavendish Laboratory), Imperial, King’s College London and Birkbeck during the middle decades of the 20th century who in reality built their reputations on the back of their knowledge of organised abuse and serious wrongdoing in High Places, some of which they were directly responsible for themselves. Many of them worked for the security services or had friends/relatives/colleagues who did and as a result a great many people joined in the party. It is obvious that the sacks of honours, awards and even Nobel Prizes accumulated by this group was the result of deals thrashed out to keep people quiet or as rewards for their own collaboration. The trail led directly to Dafydd and Gwynne in north Wales as a consequence of people like Lord Patrick Blackett who had a second home at Croesor being of this group; then there were people like Eric Hobsbawm who worked alongside these folk and also had homes/friends with homes at Croesor or were part of the wider Bloomsbury Group.
Much has been written about the way in which Rosalind Franklin was mistreated by Crick and Watson, exposed to gross sexism and never received the credit for her work that she should have during her lifetime. Much less has been written about the widescale cheating, plagiarism, research fraud and disgraceful behaviour in general that prevailed among this group of academics/scientists. Rosalind Franklin won’t have been the only person who was shafted by them; she is just the most well-known name. Once Crick and Watson had stuffed Franklin over, the bandwagon could not be stopped and goodies had to be handed out to everyone who knew to ensure that they never exposed the travesty.
The situation was compounded by the close relationships that some of these scumbags had with politicians or their own roles as political advisors to people like Winston Churchill, who’s reputations just could not be sullied. Science and academia is international so the problem spread across the globe as the crowd moved between the most prestigious institutions in Europe, the US, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.
One person involved was Dorothy Hodgkin, Thatch’s tutor at Somerville College, who slept with a whole variety of people, including her PhD supervisor John Bernal, the Communist spy who was part of the deal to shaft Rosalind Franklin and ensure that Crick and Watson lapped up the credit for her work. Dorothy subsequently received her own rewards, including a Nobel Prize in 1964 and when Thatch became PM, favours were being called in everywhere. See ‘The Two Cultures Of Organised Abuse’.
There were just so many people cashing in that I have not yet had (and will not have) time to discuss everyone and to the degree that they deserve to be discussed, but to illustrate the enormity of this problem and how it still dominates science/academia today, I’ll discuss a few more of those who benefited from this tawdry, sordid process in this post.
Reginald Victor Jones (29 September 1911-17 December 1997) was a physicist and military intelligence and expert who played an important role in the defence of Britain in WW II.
Reginald Jones was born in Herne Hill. He was educated at Alleyn’s School, Dulwich and Wadham College, Oxford. He graduated in 1932 and then completed his DPhil in 1934 in the Clarendon Laboratory at Oxford University. Subsequently, Jones took up a Skynner Senior Studentship in Astronomy at Balliol College, Oxford.
Ted Heath, Denis Healey and Woy were all at Balliol when Reg held his Senior Scholarship but they were undergrads on arts courses.
In 1936 Jones took up a post at the Royal Aircraft Establishment, Farnborough, a part of the Air Ministry, where he worked on the problems associated with defending Britain from an air attack. In September 1939, the British decided to assign a scientist to the Intelligence section of the Air Ministry. No scientist had previously worked for an intelligence service. Jones quickly rose to become Assistant Director of Intelligence (Science) there. During the course of WW II, he was closely involved with the scientific assessment of enemy technology and the development of offensive and counter-measures technology. Jones solved a number of scientific and technical intelligence problems during World War II and is known today as the “father of S&T Intelligence”.
R.V. Jones was briefly based at Bletchley Park in September 1939, but returned to London in November, leaving behind a small specialized team in Hut 3 at Bletchley who reported any decrypts of scientific or technology nature to “ADI Science”. Jones’s first job was to study “new German weapons”, real or potential. The first of these was a radio navigation system which the Germans called Knickebein.
At Jones’s urging, Winston Churchill ordered up an RAF search aircraft on the night of 21 June 1940 and the aircraft found the Knickebein radio signals in the frequency range which Jones had predicted. With this knowledge, the British were able to build jammers whose effect was to “bend” the Knickebein beams so that German bombers spent months scattering their bomb loads over the British countryside. Thus began the “Battle of the Beams” which lasted throughout much of World War II, with the Germans developing new radio navigation systems and the British developing countermeasures to them. Jones frequently had to battle against entrenched interests in the armed forces, but, in addition to enjoying Churchill’s confidence, had strong support from, among others, Churchill’s scientific advisor F. A. Lindemann and the Chief of the Air Staff Sir Charles Portal.
Lindemann aka Viscount Cherwell was discussed in my post ‘The Two Cultures Of Organised Abuse’; Cherwell ended up at loggerheads with many people, including those Of Gwynne and Dafydd, but he remained influential and yet another person who couldn’t actually ever be ignored because of what he had been party to. See post ‘The Two Cultures Of Organised Abuse’. Lindemann was R.V. Jones’s PhD supervisor.
R.V. Jones, with Joan Curran, were later instrumental in the deployment of “Window“: strips of metal foil, cut to a length appropriate to the radar’s wavelength, and dropped in bundles from aircraft, which then appeared on enemy radar screens as “false bombers”. R.V. Jones also served as a V-2 rocket expert on the Cabinet Defence Committee (Operations) and headed a German long range weapons targeting deception under the Double-Cross System.
In 1946 Jones was appointed to the Chair of Natural Philosophy at Aberdeen University, holding the Chair until his retirement in 1981. The bisexual Westminster Swinger Lord Bob Boothby who was involved with serious organised crime while he had a decades-long fling with Harold Macmillan’s wife Dorothy sat as a Tory MP for an Aberdeen constituency, 1924-58, which will have had a knock-on effect in the Aberdeen area.
Aberdeen University also hosted the Top Doc Sir Dugald Baird who pioneered aborting babies on the grounds of the poverty of their parents decades before abortion was legalised under certain circumstances in 1967. Dugald was so effective at aborting the foetuses of the poor that it impacted upon the socio-economic composition of the area for which he was the responsible Top Doc. Dugald’s practices were known at the highest levels of the medical establishment and across the UK; Dugald was so notorious that when the Top Docs at Tommy’s wanted to justify their brisk business in illegal abortions in the 1950s and 60s they held Dugald up as a role model and constructed him as a champ of Wimmin’s Rights. See post ‘Little Things Hitting Each Other’. No, Dugald just didn’t like plebs. Dugald later branched out into a terrifying variety of sociology, establishing an MRC-funded unit at Aberdeen led by Raymond Illsley, who in turn was affiliated to Dafydd’s mate Prof Jerry Morris. See eg. ‘Rab, High Table and the Founding Fathers’.
After the Dept of Agriculture at UCNW was given a shake in the wake of the unlawful imprisonment of one of their secretaries, Mary Wynch, a new Prof arrived from Aberdeen University, the dreadful J.B. Owen. J.B. Owen was hardly a New Broom, he was the son of the north Wales family who had supplied the dosh that had founded the Dept of Agriculture at UCNW and was a paid-up member of the Gang. Presumably Owen had been Called Home as part of the reinforcements. See previous posts.
Aberdeen University also supplied other staff to UCNW, such as the earth scientist Sinclair Buchan, who was a good mate of marine geologist Dr Tony Jones, the racist South African, leading light of the Ogwen Valley Mountain Rescue Team, friend of corrupt police officers and excellent mate of the Gang, the Ollie Reed of Bangor. Tony Jones starred as Michael Aspel’s guest on ‘This Is Your Life’ in Jan 1993 when the Gang were in need of PR and was constructed as a real hero with thousands of people who owed their lives to him. Opinion of Tony Jones in north Wales was somewhat different. See previous posts…
R.V. Jones did not want to stay in Intelligence under the proposed post-war reorganisation. During his time at Aberdeen, much of his attention was devoted to improving the sensitivity of scientific instruments. His book Instruments and Experiences details much of his later work in some depth.
Jones was appointed CBE in 1942, for the planning of a raid on Bruneval to capture German radar equipment. Churchill had proposed that Jones should be appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) but the Head of the Civil Service Sir Horace Wilson threatened to resign as Jones was only a lowly Scientific Officer and the CBE was a compromise. Jones was subsequently appointed CB in 1946; and Companion of Honour (CH) in Lilibet’s 1994 Birthday Honours.
Sir Horace John Wilson (23 August 1882-19 May 1972) was the mandarin who was Head of the Home Civil Service, 1939-42. He graduated from the LSE at the very end of the 19th century and joined the Civil Service in 1900. Under the Premiership of Stanley Baldwin, in 1935, Wilson was afforded a secondment described as ‘for service with the Prime Minister’. This continued with ascent on Neville Chamberlain to the office in 1937. Horace was reputed to have huge influence over Chamberlain and Chamberlain’s biographer Robert Self noted that the two men “enjoyed the sort of unparalleled intimacy only possible among truly kindred spirits.”
Wilson was the British Gov’t official who had a key role in Chamberlain’s Gov’t re the appeasement period just prior to WW II.
Horace Wilson also liaised with the press, meeting newspaper owners to gain support for appeasement. He warned the BBC to exercise self-censorship in relation to Germany. Wilson was referred to in the book ‘Guilty Men’ by Michael Foot, Frank Owen and Peter Howard (writing under the pseudonym ‘Cato’), published in 1940 as an attack on public figures for their failure to re-arm and their appeasement of Nazi Germany. Wilson stated in 1962 that, “Our policy was never designed just to postpone war, or enable us to enter war more united. The aim of our appeasement was to avoid war altogether, for all time.”
Wilson reverted to his role as Permanent Secretary to the Treasury until August 1942 when he retired, having reached the age of 60, then the pensionable age for the Civil Service. In January 1944 Wilson was appointed by Henry Willink, the Minister of Health, to act as Chairman of the National Joint Council for Local Authorities’ Administrative, Professional, Technical and Clerical Services. The Council was engaged in matters of pay and conditions of those in local government as well as supervision of recruitment and training provision.
Horace Wilson acknowledged having felt out of his depth in dealing with Nazi Germany and it has also been reported that he showed little interest in the fate of Germany’s Jews during the negotiations with Hitler. Speaking to another journalist, Colin Cross, in 1968 – 23 years after the liberation of Auschwitz – Wilson, by then well into his 80s, is quoted as saying that he understood Hitler’s feelings about the Jews. “Have you ever met a Jew you liked?” he asked Cross. Horace Wilson died in Bournemouth on 19 May 1972.
Sir Henry Urmston Willink (March 1894-20 July 1973)
Here’s Glanfa Surgery, where Wood, the ’eminent GP’ sat in one of the upstairs rooms for so many years outraged by Scroungers; Glanfa was even more of a dump when Wood was the senior partner there, they’ve tarted the place up a bit:
R.V. Jones was elected FRS in 1965 and received an honorary DSc from the University of Aberdeen in 1996.
It was in 1996 that The Hague announced the Waterhouse Inquiry and of course in 1996 there was yet another attempt to frame and imprison Patient F and I on the basis of the perjury of an Angel, Bridget Lloyd. See previous posts.
R.V. Jones married Vera Cain in 1940 and they had two daughters and a son.
Jones’s autobiography, Most Secret War: British Scientific Intelligence 1939–1945, (published in the USA as ‘The Wizard War’) formed the basis, pre-publication, of the BBC 1 TV documentary series ‘The Secret War’, first aired on 5 January 1977 and narrated by William Woollard, in which Jones was the principal interviewee. The historian A. J. P. Taylor described Most Secret War as “the most fascinating book on the Second World War that I have ever read” and, more generally, it has acquired almost classic status.
In 1981, Jones became a founding member of the World Cultural Council. My post ‘The Two Cultures Of Organised Abuse’ discusses many of the research fraudsters, spies and Commies who doubled up as Great Men Of Science who established the World Cultural Council in 1981. In the same year R.V. Jones delivered the Royal Institution Christmas Lectures on ‘From Magna Carta to Microchip’.
The World Cultural Council was established by the grander friends of Dafydd and Gwynne in the same year that Dr Death et al launched the SDP, which was undoubtedly an attempt by Dr Death to become PM on the back of the panic that followed the trial of Mr Thrope and Mary Wynch making her way to a lawyer. Dr Death et al personally knew members of the Gang. See previous posts. There were fears that the Westminster Paedophile Ring was going to become horribly public. I wonder if the World Cultural Council was yet another Gang-related initiative to cover their tracks?
In 1993 R.V. Jones was the first recipient of the R.V. Jones Intelligence Award, which the CIA created in his honour and, logically, awarded to R.V. Jones.
Jones died on 17 December 1997. George Thomas had died on 22 Sept 1997. During 1997 Ronnie Waterhouse had heard evidence, in public, from former kids in care in north Wales. As they collapsed while giving evidence, began crying, vomited etc Ronnie and the lawyers who had been paid a great deal of money to represent everyone but the former kids in care reminded the world that this lot could not be believed because they were Criminals, Drug Addicts and Mentally Ill. There were more witnesses sitting in the Hergest Unit at the time who had not been told that their medical records would have provided solid evidence that organised abuse was a substantial problem in north Wales. My records alone would have confirmed that Lucille Hughes and Ron Evans, the crooked Gwynedd County Council lawyer, were ordering staff to perjure themselves in attempts to have complainants imprisoned. Ron was one of the lawyers who appeared at the Waterhouse Inquiry to defend against allegations of abuse on behalf of Gwynedd Social Services.
Ronnie Waterhouse: a good mate of T.M. Haydn Rees, CEO of Clwyd County Council, 1974-77 (see post ‘Ain’t Nothing Clean, Not Even The Calvinistic Methodists’). Ronnie’s dad was a good mate of Haydn Rees as well.
Patsy Scotland represented the Welsh Office at the Waterhouse Inquiry. As a young barrister Patsy was a housing lawyer helping the Poor and knew all the other ‘radical’ lawyers in London who have spent their entire careers carefully ensuring that they did nothing to piss off Dafydd and Gwynne or the Westminster Paedophile Ring. See previous posts for extensive details of Baroness Patricia Scotland’s many friends and colleagues as well as Patsy herself and the cosy relationships that they have enjoyed with the Gang’s network. Patricia Scotland was given a life peerage by Miranda during the Waterhouse Inquiry.
Previous posts have discussed another Radical Lawyer and a Wimmin’s Champ to boot, St Helena Kennedy (see eg. ‘Eve Was Framed – As Were A Lot Of Other People’ and ‘Close Your Eyes And Make A WISH’) and how St Helena knew about Dafydd, Gwynne and Jimmy Savile and kept schtum. I mentioned that St Helena’s book ‘Eve Was Framed’ contains a thank you to Prof Nigel Eastman of St George’s Hospital Medical School/Springfield. In 1991, Eastman was told by his colleague Dr Robin Jacobson that Dafydd was sexually exploiting patients and that Jacobson thought that Tony Francis was as well. I had no knowledge that Jacobson had done this until I later obtained some of my records. Jacobson referred me to Eastman after refusing to treat me himself. Eastman told me to go back to north Wales because Dafydd was my doctor and ‘they know you there’. I was refused any sort of support in London and left effectively destitute, facing yet more criminal charges on the basis of Tony Francis and other members of the Gang. See eg. ‘Some Very Eminent Psychiatrists From London…’.
In April 1991 when the Gang made yet another attempt at having me imprisoned on the basis of their perjury at the Royal Courts of Justice at the Strand no less, St Helena was leading a test case in a Court next door to me, in which she was trying to have Sara Thornton released from a prison sentence, after Sara had killed her husband. As I left the Court, St Helena’s supporters were protesting outside and asked me to support them.
St Helena’s book with it’s thank you notice to Nigel Eastman, whom St Helena tells us has taught her so much and helped in so many of her cases, was published in Oct 1993. In the late summer of 1993 I was convicted by Bangor Magistrates Court of a Public Order offence after I had ‘looked at a social worker’ in Safeways. Jackie Brandt, the social worker concerned, had alleged that I had screamed and yelled at her and she had feared immediate violence. Brandt cried under cross-examination and admitted lying to the police and on oath. She admitted that I had not said anything to her at all, but I’d looked at her. That was the third time that Brandt had perjured herself in Court in attempts to have me imprisoned. See eg. ‘The Bitterest Pill’. Brandt was never investigated for perjury. After I had been convicted for looking at Brandt, I wrote to Mr Radical Barrister, Michael Mansfield, to tell him that social workers in Gwynedd were abusing their position and using the law to do so. Michael Mansfield at the time was based at Tooks Court Chambers with St Helena. I received a one-line reply from Mansfield. It was in Sept or Oct 1993 and the North Wales Police had recently closed their investigation into a possible paedophile ring in north Wales/Cheshire having found no evidence of any such thing.
Mansfield, St Helena and the rest of the Radical Barristers had an arrangement with the Top Docs that the Top Docs would provide expert witness reports for them in other cases as long as the Radical Lawyers didn’t act for us against Dafydd et al. It is how the Birmingham Six etc managed to overturn their convictions. Of course I am glad that the Birmingham Six were released; however although there was that agreement between the Top Docs and the Radical Ones, many of the same people were involved in framing the Birmingham Six et al as in framing us in north Wales. Michael Mansfield represented the Price Sisters who admitted planting a bomb in central London, but he wouldn’t represent people who had been abducted and unlawfully imprisoned by Dafydd.
Dafydd’s mate William Mars-Jones was a member of Gray’s Inn. As was Michael Mansfield. As was St Helena.
Documentation now in my possession demonstrates that people in Wandsworth Social Services knew Lucille Hughes, Dafydd’s mistress and the Director of Gwynedd Social Services, by name. Nigel Eastman worked with Wansdworth Social Services. Michael Mansfield lived in Wandsworth. Dafydd’s partner gang had been operating in Wandsworth since at least as far back as 1966-67. ‘See eg. Lord Snooty The Third’. Just for good measure, Donald Naismith, the Director of Education for Wandsworth, was an active paedophile who was abusing kids in care. See previous posts.
R.V. Jones is buried in Corgarff Cemetery, Strathdon, Aberdeenshire. His papers are held by Churchill College, Cambridge.
The Indie obituary for Professor R. V. Jones was published on 19 Dec 1997 by M. R. D. Foot
R. V. Jones was one of the main wizards during the secret war against Hitler, became a pillar of scientific education and wrote some notable books.
[R.V.’s] father was a sergeant-major in the Grenadier Guards, and from him he learnt both patriotism and a sense of order.
It was Jones who briefed the RAF expert who dropped by parachute on to the Bruneval radar site, in February 1942, to dismantle a German radar device and bring it back for inspection. It was Jones who, after years of struggle, convinced Bomber Command that pilots who left their IFF (identification friend-or-foe) sets switched on over Germany guided German night fighters on to themselves. It was Jones who played a leading part in discovering what the V-1 and the V-2 were, and how they might best be countered. Several times over, he found himself confronted by Winston Churchill, in meetings of ministers and experts; even Churchill’s personality was not so strong that Jones fell silent in his presence. By standing up to him, he helped to persuade him to give orders on which the nation’s safety turned; though of course he earned enemies for himself among the bureaucrats of Whitehall.
Jones could not work usefully unless he was privy to every secret.
He was cleared to receive messages from the ultra secret decipher service at Bletchley Park; he was cleared to read spies’ reports, as they were received, not in the laundered form in which they reached lesser intelligence officers; he knew a great deal both about impending operations
and about the current organisation of the armed forces, the air force in particular. He knew work was in progress on an atomic bomb. He was a large man, broad- shouldered and over six feet tall, with a strong voice when he cared to raise it. Moreover, he had a disconcerting habit of usually being in the right, as well as displaying admirable manners when he was in the wrong – as of course he sometimes was.
Someone at Aberdeen University must have really hated Coventry
where he spent 35 years as Professor of Natural Philosophy, teaching generations of undergraduates and research students who appreciated his wit, his knowledge, and his enormous fund of common sense. He was fond of quoting Crow’s Law – “Do not believe what you want to believe until you know what you ought to know.”
But you won’t know what you ought to know until you know it…
When Churchill came back into office in 1951, he tried to recall Jones to Whitehall; an embarrassed year in 1952-53 as director of scientific intelligence at the Ministry of Defence resulted.
Dafydd and Gwynne’s mate Dai Bananas was presiding over MI5 then, so I wonder what the embarrassment was.
Long afterwards, Jones explained that intelligence could not usefully be organised in committees of fairly senior officers who knew nothing about the subject in detail; and he left official life for academia. He did notable work for the Royal Society, and belonged to institutes and academies for the promotion of electronic research, almost without number. He wrote numerous scientific papers, and papers on the history of science, as well as two remarkable studies in the practice of his wartime craft: Most Secret War (1978, called in America ‘The Wizard War’); and Reflections on Intelligence (1989).
They are much the best and fullest books ever to have appeared on the wartime secret service’s workings.
At the age of 80, he lost in a fortnight his wife of over 50 years and one of his daughters;
That was in 1991, the year that my career was destroyed, as were the careers of at least two other witnesses. Peter Morrison was given a K by Lilibet in Feb 1991 and a few other paedophiles’ friends bagged honours as well. Conversely there were a few deaths of insiders, at least some of which were very obviously the result of Top Docs who would not attend to people who were clearly seriously ill.
he went on writing learned articles all the same, a model to younger scholars of devotion to even temper, good-humour and scientific truth.
R.V. Jones’s colleague Joan Elizabeth Curran (nee Strothers) (26 February 1916-10 February 1999) was from Swansea! Joan Elizabeth Strothers was the daughter of an optician, Charles William Strothers and his wife, Margaret Beatrice. Joan was educated at Swansea Girls’ High School and in 1934 won an open scholarship to Newnham College, Cambridge. She gained a physics degree but it was not awarded because when Joan passed her finals, Cambridge would not let Ladies graduate. In her 70s, in 1987, Joan was honoured with the degree of Doctor of Laws honoris causa by the University of Strathclyde.
At one point Joan was named in a media article as being one of 900 Cambridge Wimmin who finally attained Equality. The University of Strathclyde in 1987 would never discriminate against Ladies, in particular the Lady who was married to the VC of the University of Strathclyde, 1964-80, who happened to be one Lady Joan Curran.
Joan, Before Achieving Equality:
The Men Who Made Joan’s Equality Possible:
Sir Samuel Curran, Lord Reith and Sir Andrew McCance about to present awards to students at the Royal College of Science and Technology, 1963.
Samuel Curran (left) was an eminent scientist who had worked on the atomic bomb Manhattan Project and with the Atomic Energy Authority before becoming Principal of the Royal College of Science and Technology in 1959. He played a major role in the establishment of the University of Strathclyde, and served as its first Principal from 1964 until his retirement in 1980, when the Curran Building was named after him.
John Reith (centre) was educated at Glasgow Academy and graduated as an engineer at the Royal Technical College. As founding Director-General of the BBC from 1922 to 1938, he exerted a major influence on the early years of broadcasting, emphasising standards and a high moral tone. The annual Reith Lectures were established by the BBC in 1947 in his honour. He was elected Rector of the University of Glasgow, 1965-1968.
Lord Reith was famous for being seriously weird and seriously intimidating. While he was DG of the BBC, imploring it to educate and inform, the BBC VIP paedophile ring was in its embryonic stages.
Andrew McCance was a distinguished metallurgist and businessman, who was Chairman of Colvilles. A graduate of the Royal Technical College, he was the College’s last Chairman of the Board of Governors, 1950-1964. His role in the transformation of the College into the University of Strathclyde was recognised in the naming of the McCance Building.
Joan Strothers was awarded a Gov’t grant to study for a higher degree and elected to go to the Cavendish Lab at Cambridge, where she joined the man whom she later married Sam Curran in a team under the direction of Philip Dee.
My post ‘The Two Cultures Of Organised Abuse’ discusses the cheating, research fraud and plagiarism that took place at the Cavendish Lab, including that of James Watson who bagged the Nobel Prize for elucidating the structure of DNA.
Prof Philip Ivor Dee CBE (8 April 1904-17 April 1983) was responsible for the development of airborne radar during WW II. Glasgow University named the Philip Ivor Dee Memorial Lecture after him.
Dee was born in Stroud, Gloucestershire, the son of Albert John Dee, a schoolmaster. He was educated at Marling School and then studied at Cambridge University where he graduated MA in 1926. Dee thereafter took on research roles, initially as a student of Charles Thomson Rees Wilson at the Cavendish Lab, during which time Samuel Curran worked under him.
Dee was elected FRS in 1941 and won its Hughes Medal in 1952. During WW II, he initially worked in the Ministry of Aircraft Production and in 1940 moved to the Telecommunications Research Establishment. Dee led the team which developed the Village Inn radar system.
In 1945, Dee became Professor of Natural Philosophy at Glasgow University. He was created a CBE in the 1946 Birthday Honours, having already been appointed an OBE in the 1943 Birthday Honours. In the same year Dee received Gov’t funding to build equipment to investigate particle physics and placed Glasgow University as a world authority in that field during the 1950s.
In 1946 Philip Dee was also elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. His proposers were Thomas Alty, John Walton, Edward Provan Cathcart, and Sir Robert Muir. He was awarded the Society’s Gunning Victoria Jubilee Prize for 1958-1962 in recognition of his work on nuclear physics. By which time thanks to Philip Dee’s wider network, this man had retrained as a Top Doc after a ‘career as an atomic scientist’, following his early years migrating around Bethesda when he/his family were moved on by the bailiffs and then being thrown out of a chemistry degree in disgrace:
Philip Dee retired in 1972 and received an honorary doctorate (DSc) from Strathclyde University in 1980, the year that his mate and former junior colleague Sam Curran retired as VC of Strathclyde. Dee died in Glasgow on 17 April 1983. His obituary was written by Sir Samuel Curran FRS.
Dee married Phyllis Elsie Tyte in 1929.
Glasgow University, Dept of Natural Philosophy, 1952:
In 1952 Dafydd began his medicine degree at Liverpool University…
The archives of Philip Ivor Dee are maintained by the Archives of the University of Glasgow (GUAS). His 1973 portrait by Kathryn Kynoch is held by the Hunterian Art Gallery.
Another online biography supplies a few more details re Philip Dee:
Philip Ivor Dee… was educated at Marling School, Stroud and Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, where he gained the degree of MA. In 1929 he married Phyllis Elsie Tyte, and had two daughters. From 1930 until 1933 he was Stokes Student at Pembroke College, Cambridge, and from 1934 until 1943 he was Lecturer in Physics at Cavendish Laboratory and Fellow of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge. At the Cavendish Laboratory he worked closely with Charles Thomson Rees Wilson (1869-1959), Professor of Natural Philosophy. Under Wilson’s direction he became responsible for the development of the 1 million volt H T set and with the direction of its experimental programme. From 1939-1945 he was Superintendent of the Telecommunications Research Establishment at the Ministry of Aircraft Production, at Swanage and Malvern, and was responsible for the development of the use of the magnetron for centimetric radar… In 1943 he was appointed Regius Professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Glasgow, becoming Professor Emeritus on his retirement in 1972. Soon after his appointment he secured funds from the University and the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research for the purchase of an HT set similar to that at Cambridge, and later for a 300 MeV electron synchrotron. He personally supervised the design and construction of the synchrotron, which was completed in 1954. In the mid-1960s the synchrotron was replaced by an electron linear accelerator, which was installed at the Kelvin Laboratories at East Kilbride. He was a member of the Advisory Council of the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research from 1947-1952…
Sources: Who Was Who, VIII; ‘Obituary: Emmeritus Professor Philip I Dee, CBE, MA, FRS’, College Courant, 71, (Glasgow, 1983).
Observations: Harold Wilson’s mate Asa Briggs who kept the lid on the Brighton end of Dafydd and Gwynne’s operation when Asa worked as Sussex University was an alumnus of Sidney Sussex, Cambridge. Asa went to war on Merfyn who later became VC of Bangor University when Merfyn was an undergrad in 1968, after Merfyn and his mates staged an anti-Vietnam protest. Asa bore a lifelong grudge and was happy to swing into action again when Merfyn became VC of Bangor decades later. See eg. ‘Anthem For Doomed Youth’. Asa graduated from Sidney Sussex in 1941 and was an Honorary Fellow from 1968. Briggs served in the Intelligence Corps, 1942-45 and worked at Bletchley Park. While there, he became friends with Howard Smith, who in 1979 became Director of MI5. Asa was one of those who used the security services to conceal serious crime.
Philip Dee sat on the Advisory Council of the Dept of Scientific and Industrial Research during the premiership of Clement Attlee.
In 1939, Philip Dee proposed that the team spend a month at the Royal Aircraft Establishment at Farnborough Airfield. They arrived on 1 September 1939. Two days later, Britain declared war on Germany, and Britain entered WW II. Instead of returning to the Cavendish Lab, the team moved to Exeter where Dee and three others worked on developing rockets as anti-aircraft weapons, while Joan Strothers and Sam Curran joined a group under John Coles working on the development of the proximity fuse. Strothers was based at Leeson House and Durnford School. Joan and Sam Curran developed a workable fuse, which was codenamed VT. Britain lacked the capacity to mass-produce the VT fuse, so the design was shown to the United States by the Tizard Mission in late 1940. The Americans perfected and mass-produced the fuse. In due course, these proximity fuses arrived in the United Kingdom, where they played an important part in the defence of the kingdom against the V-1 flying bomb.
Strothers married Curran on 7 November 1940. Soon afterwards they were transferred to the Telecommunications Research Establishment (TRE) near Swanage. It was with this group, at Swanage and later at Malvern, that Joan devised the technique that was codenamed Window, also known as chaff ie. radar reflectors that could be scattered from bombers, thus disrupting the enemy’s radar.
R.V. Jones later declared: “In my opinion, Joan Curran made an even greater contribution to victory, in 1945, than Sam.”
In early 1944 the Currans were part of a group of British scientists invited to go to the US to take part in the Manhattan Project, the Allied project to develop an atomic bomb. They joined the British Mission at the Berkeley Radiation Laboratory, California, headed by Mark Oliphant, an Australian scientist who Joan knew from the Cavendish Laboratory. Oliphant also acted as de facto deputy to Ernest Lawrence, the Director of the Radiation Laboratory.
Mark Oliphant was one of the biggest names in terms of the Famous Scientists with Gwynne and Gwynne connections via Patrick Blackett et al, as discussed in my post ‘The Two Cultures Of Organised Abuse’.
While at Berkeley, Joan gave birth to her first child, a daughter, Sheena, who was born severely mentally handicapped. The Currans later had three sons, all of whom went on to complete a PhD.
After the war ended, Sam took up an offer from Philip Dee to take up a Chair at Glasgow University. In Glasgow, the Currans, together with a few friends, set up the Scottish Society for the Parents of Mentally Handicapped Children (Enable), which eventually grew to 100 branches and more than 5000 members. Later, when Joan was a member of the Greater Glasgow Health Board and the Scottish Special Housing Association, the needs of the disabled were always at the forefront of her mind and she did much to promote their welfare. So why the disabled, including those with what were then called mental handicap and people with mental health problems, were so badly abused and neglected one can only wonder. Joan was a member of the Greater Glasgow Health Board when R.D. Laing Made A Stand with regard to the dreadful treatment of psych patients and others. Previous posts have discussed how Laing’s desire to hang out with those from the counter-culture, including Bertrand Russell’s mates from Croesor, rather got in the way of Laing’s reforming zeal. It inspired Dafydd though, at one point Dafydd was a Laingian. See previous posts.
Dafydd had a whole collection of mates who hampered Joan Curran’s liberation of the disabled in Glasgow because as any fule kno, THEY transformed the care of the oppressed! There was for example Prof Jerry Morris, Kay Carmichael, Janey Buchan, David Donnison and at a later date Sam Galbraith! Many of the crowd doubled up as Labour politicians and Janey was mates with Nelson Mandela. See eg. ‘Vested Interests Or Common Pool?’. Those in the Gorbals were in bloody clover, the best health and social care in the world.
Where would they have been without Joan?
As well as her roaring success in other domains, Joan Curran took a close interest in the work of the Council for Access for the Disabled and helped improve the range of facilities, especially for disabled university students, which will have been why even in the early 1980s, facilities for disabled university students were virtually non-existent.
Sam Curran worked at the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment at Aldermaston on the development of the British H bomb, 1955-59.
Here’s Bertrand sitting in the road in Feb 1961, protesting about nukes, in particular Aldermaston:
Bertrand leading this protest in Feb 1961 and he and his mates in CND becoming particularly militant at about this time might be the cause for the mystery discussed in previous posts, ie. that of Minister of Health Enoch Powell making a big thing of visiting the North Wales Hospital in early 1961, telling them that he was horrified at what they were doing to people and would not allow them to do it any longer. He returned to London and made his well-publicised speech to the National Association of Mental Health (MIND), which was run by Dafydd and Gwynne and announced the closure of every mental hospital in the country. Dafydd and Gwynne’s mate Lord Robert Balniel, a leading light in MIND and a Tory politician, was in the audience. Powell didn’t close any asylums and his ‘Hospital Plan’ was quietly rewritten with this proposal dropped. Powell never returned to the subject again although he remained Minister of Health throughout the Profumo Affair with which Dafydd and Gwynne were involved in some way. See previous posts…
For a long while I presumed that someone had leaned on Powell and told him to leave Gwynne and Dafydd alone. Then I realised that Powell’s Denbigh visit and his much publicised horror were part of an elaborate charade in response to something that had happened with regard to Dafydd and Gwynne but I didn’t know what.
I presume that it was Bertrand Russell; there he was fomenting revolution and leading marches which ended in confrontations with the police and people being jailed when there were more than a few people who knew that Denbigh was the Final Solution for anyone who dared complain about his sexual exploits/assaults on people, along with those committed by his mates and others in High Places.
Since the Westminster Paedophile Ring has become a topic of discussion, one name that has been repeatedly suggested as having been a member is Enoch Powell. Powell was certainly an odd man who had difficulty in his relationships with women and as a young man had very close relationships with other men which could well have been sexual. That does not mean that Enoch Powell was a child molester or having sex with people who did not want to have sex with him, but it does place him as yet another Cabinet Minister/public figure who was part of an overtly homophobic establishment that was excluding and jailing some gay men, ‘treating’ them for homosexuality, yet concealing Dafydd and Gwynne who ran a paedophile ring targeting boys.
I will correlate the dates of Russell’s revolutionary fervour and re-read information about Enoch Powell etc and return to this in a future post.
Bertrand Russell’s anti-nuclear activities might also explain why Harold Macmillan visited Denbighshire in the early 1960s for a bit of spontaneous campaigning on behalf of the Tory Party and why Cymro 007 aka Geraint Morgan QC, the Tory candidate for Denbigh, was assisted in winning the seat in 1959 by help from the National Liberals. See previous posts eg. ‘Cymro 007’.
Previous posts including ‘Captain Swing and His Crew’ and ‘A Message Of Peace At Christmas’ discussed Bertrand Russell’s mates in CND, the Committee of 100 etc, some of whom were working for the security services. When I interviewed people in the Croesor area a few years ago, a number of them mentioned someone called Ralph Schoenman, an American activist who acted as Bertrand Russell’s Secretary and became General Secretary of the Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation. A number of people didn’t like Schoenman but wouldn’t expand on why. Russell publicly repudiated his relationship with Schoenman in December 1969 and had him removed from the Board of the Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation. Schoenman then renamed the American branch of the foundation the American Foundation for Social Justice and continued to promote hearings into alleged American atrocities in Vietnam.
Recently I received info that Schoenman might have had something to do with rather worrying Bertrand Russell-esque sexual activities. Whether he was directly involved or not, Schoenmen was in north Wales long enough to know about Gwynne and Dafydd. See previous posts for info re Schoenman.
Now readers mustn’t worry that Gwynne and Dafydd may have had divided loyalties, the beauty of Dafydd and Gwynne was that they provided services to unscrupulous offenders across the political and cultural spectrum. In the way that Dafydd became a Laingian while Gwynne lobotomised, Dafydd and Gwynne were happy to provide services to Bertrand and pals who were on the Aldermaston marches as well as to those building and dropping bombs, as discussed in ‘The Two Cultures Of Organised Abuse’.
Dafydd let it all hang out at times what with his Beatles connections:
Sam Curran returned to Glasgow in 1959 as Principal the Royal College of Science and Technology. When it became the University of Strathclyde in 1964 Sam became its first Principal and Vice Chancellor. While her husband was Principal, Joan founded the Strathclyde Women’s Group and became its President. I am glad that Joan received that honorary Doctor of Laws from Strathclyde because of her own contribution to Strathclyde and not because she was married to the VC.
During WW II, the Polish 1st Armoured Division had been based in Scotland, establishing ties between the community and Poland. Joan promoted a special relationship with the Technical University of Lodz, and also devoted care and attention to the children’s hospital of that city.
Lodz soon benefited from Joan’s Midas Touch:
Later Joan established the Lady Curran Endowment fund for overseas, particularly Polish, students.
Sir Sam Curran died on 25 February 1998. While gravely ill with cancer in 1998, Joan unveiled a memorial plaque in Barony Hill, Glasgow, to commemorate her husband and it was announced that the walled garden at Ross Priory, on Loch Lomondside, was to be named in her honour and that the Joan Curran Summer House would be built there. That told those who had Lied To Get Compensation at the Waterhouse Inquiry the year previously where to go.
Previous posts have discussed the extraordinary upturn in the fortunes of a jobbing Top Doc who used to work at the Hergest Unit, Gwen Jones-Edwards, who made a rapid exit from north Wales during the Waterhouse Inquiry and re-emerged a few years later as Clinical Director of Southern General, the enormous flagship neurosurgery hospital in Glasgow, one of the best in Western Europe. Gwen wasn’t even a neurosurgeon so one can only marvel at her good fortune. Gwen was last heard of living in style in a splendid house on the banks of Loch Lomond.
Joan Curran died on 10 February 1999. Her daughter, Sheena, three sons and three grandsons survived her.
So Sam and Joan were both safely out of the way by the time that Ronnie Waterhouse showed the draft of his Report to Insiders before it was published in Feb 2000. There were of course the plaques and buildings to remind us of their achievements in the face of all those who were Lying To Get Compensation.
Tam Dalyell aka Sir Thomas Dalyell of the Binns, Richard Crossman’s pal who worked for the security services and could never inflict the damage on Thatch that he desired because he was so busy concealing the Labour Party’s role in the Westminster Paedophile Ring (see previous posts), wrote Joan Curran’s obituary for the Indie, which was published on
IN THE summer parliamentary recess shortly after I was elected as MP for West Lothian in 1962,
The security services ensured that Tam O’ the Binns was in the Commons when the Profumo Affair was brewing and in the year that Macmillan was obliged to throw so many of Dafydd and Gwynne’s mates out of the Cabinet during the Night of the Long Knives because they were causing so much trouble. See previous posts.
Tam O’ the Binns, such a principled man, he never stopped snapping at Thatch’s ankles re the Belgrano:
I was invited to lunch by Sam Curran, then the Principal of the Royal College of Science and Technology in Glasgow, as a new Scottish MP interested in science. On the right-hand side of our hostess, opposite me, was placed R.V. Jones, the Assistant Director of Intelligence – and from 1946 to 1952 Director of Intelligence – at the Air Ministry. Our seemingly reticent hostess listened politely to Jones’s conversation, spattered as it was with technical illusions. She said little and nodded sagely. After lunch Jones said to me, “I saw you wondering. No mere dutiful wife she! In my opinion, Joan Curran made an even greater contribution to victory, in 1945, than Sam.”
Judy Chicago’s ‘The Dinner Party’ is considered an epic feminist installation work. I know that Tam O’ the Binns was at a luncheon party rather than a dinner party, but if you come from the mean streets of Somerset, luncheon was dinner. Not that it will have been for Tam O’ the Binns, he went to Eton, so he could well have experienced luncheon ladies rather than dinner ladies. Or very probably luncheon men.
As M.R.D. Foot put it, opening Jones’s own obituary [19 December 1997], “R.V. Jones was one of the main wizards during the secret war against Hitler, became a pillar of scientific education, and wrote some notable books.” Jones was in a position to know.
R.V. Jones, in his book Most Secret War (1978), identifies the “two major possibilities” for their counter-measures against the Luftwaffe as “jamming and spurious reflectors”… Spurious reflectors would be simpler, and contained an element of hoaxing… They did not get the immediate go-ahead for the use of the reflectors, however. It was not until 1941, as their knowledge of German radar grew, that Jones persuaded Churchill’s adviser Frederick Lindemann to allow trials. These were undertaken, in late 1941 and early 1942, under Robert Cockburn’s direction at Swanage by Mrs Joan Curran. “Her results were all that we expected,” Jones recalled, and she tried various forms of reflector ranging from wires to leaflets, each roughly the size of a page in a notebook, on which, as a refinement, propaganda could be printed… The material was produced and made up into packets each weighing about a pound, and the idea was that the leading aircraft in a bomber stream would throw them out at the rate of one every minute or so, to produce the radar equivalent of a smokescreen, through which succeeding aircraft could fly. So much progress was made, after the years of delay, that by April 1942 enough material had been produced for it to be used by Bomber Command. It was given the code name “Window” by A.P. Rowe, the superintendent of [the Telecommunications Research Establishment] TRE.
The scheme was sanctioned by the chiefs of staff on 27 April 1942. It was the scattering of clouds of this foil by British bombers that confused the German gun-laying radar and provided a measure of protection against flak for the night raids of Bomber Command. Perhaps the greatest success of the work of Joan Curran and her team was its use where foil was dropped with great precision by the Lancasters of 617 Squadron, to synthesise a phantom invasion force of ships in the straits of Dover on the night of 5-6 June 1944. This kept Von Runstedt and his commanders unsure of whether the brunt of the Allied assault would fall on Normandy or in the Pas de Calais.
Early in 1944 Sam Curran was sent to the United States to work on the highly secret Manhattan Project. His wife helped him in his work on the invention of the scintillation counter – a device for measuring radioactivity that is still in use in many scientific laboratories…
As a member of the Greater Glasgow Health Board, Joan championed the needs of the disabled; and as a Scottish constituency MP I know how much she did on the Council for Access for the Disabled, especially helping the disabled to get to university.
Tam O’ the Binns didn’t notice the continued absence of facilities at universities for the disabled after Joan had transformed the landscape.
Among her other interests was the relationship between Strathclyde University (as, under the guidance of Sam Curran, the Royal College of Science and Technology became) and the Technical University of Lodz in Poland…In later life, this distinguished scientist had played a wonderful role in welcoming the families of new staff to Strathclyde University. She played a major part in the outstanding success of Strathclyde.
Strathclyde University not only hosted colleagues of Alexis Jay, but also the media academic Colin MacCabe who held a Chair there, 1980-85, as discussed in my post ‘I Spit On Your Grave’. MacCabe has passed through many places where the more powerful members of the Gang’s network can be found, including Cambridge University, Exeter University and Birkbeck. Colin did very well out of his connections with academics at Stirling University and people there who knew what the Gang got up to in my direction. Colin spent a number of years in a senior position at the BFI (British Film Institute). Since 1986 he has been a Prof at the University of Pittsburgh and is currently visiting Professor of English at UCL and at the Birkbeck Institute.
Lord Alexander Todd, a chemist who was a Gov’t adviser and one of those in grandiose Cambridge academic places who Knew About Dafydd and Gwynne, was appointed Chancellor of Strathclyde University in 1970. See post eg. ‘The Two Culture Of Organised Abuse’.
Joan Curran was also the subject of an obituary published in the Herald Scotland:
IT is difficult to separate the lives of Joan and Sam Curran. Although they were of very different temperaments, they made a superb team and partnership and were devoted to each other. Nevertheless, it is very important (and Sam always emphasised this) to note that she was a considerable scientist in her own right and in the dark days of the Second World War she, as did Sam, played an important part in the survival of this country...
When Sam was Principal of Strathclyde University he had a very willing helpmate at his side… And she did an enormous amount for many people behind the scenes. Many of us are grateful for many kindnesses, always done without fuss.
Wales Online wheeled Joan out in an article on 8 Jan 2015 as someone from Swansea who should be remembered. Lord Brian Flowers was of course Lord Science who grew up and went to school in Swansea and forever after made himself useful to the Gang and Gwerin.
Brian Flowers was a nuclear physicist but reached senior management positions at Imperial and then in the wider London University, serving as VC of both Manchester and London Universities. Flowers concealed en masse research fraud, patient harm and the Westminster Paedophile Ring. See previous posts.
Sir Samuel Crowe Curran (23 May 1912-25 February 1998), was the first Principal and Vice-Chancellor of Strathclyde University, the first of the new technical universities in Britain. To date, Curran remains the longest serving Principal and Vice Chancellor of the University of Strathclyde, holding the post for a total of 16 years. Samuel Curran was born on 23 May 1912 at Ballymena in N Ireland, the son of John Hamilton Curran (from Kinghorn in Fife) and his wife Sarah. The family moved to Scotland soon after for his father to work as foreman of a steelworks near Wishaw. Sam had three brothers, Robert, Hamilton and John. After Wishaw High School, Sam completed his first degree in maths and a PhD in physics at Glasgow University, before taking a second PhD at the Cavendish Lab as a member of St John’s College, Cambridge. Dafydd and Gwynne’s Clever Nuclear Scientist friend Sir John Cockcroft was an alumnus of St John’s College, Cambridge, as was Maurice Wilkins, who shared the Nobel Prize with Francis Crick and James Watson for the work that Rosalind Franklin had carried out. See post ‘The Two Cultures Of Organised Abuse’. Ronnie Waterhouse passed through St John’s College Cambridge and was an enthusiastic member of the alumni association; Ronnie was also in the RAF…
At the start of WW II, Sam Curran and Joan Strothers went to work at the TRE on radar development. In 1944, Curran moved to the University of California, Berkeley, to participate in the Manhattan Project. After the war Curran worked at the University of Glasgow and at the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment at Aldermaston.
In 1947 Sam Curran was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. His proposers were Thomas Alty, Philip Dee, Robert A Houston and James W Cook. In 1953 Curran became FRS.
In 1959, Curran took up the position of Principal of the Royal College of Science and Technology in Glasgow which he led to full university status in 1964 as Strathclyde University. Curran was knighted in 1970. He remained at the University until his retirement in 1980, when he was succeeded in the role by Graham Hills.
Sam was the recipient of at least five honorary doctorates including an LLD from both Glasgow and Aberdeen Universities. Curran was the recipient of the 1976 St Mungo Prize, awarded to the individual who has done most in the previous three years to improve and promote the city of Glasgow.
Following the birth of a handicapped daughter, the Currans set up the Scottish Association of Parents of Handicapped Children, now known as ‘Enable’, with Samuel Curran serving as its President, 1964-1991. That will explain why provision for handicapped children throughout those years was just so dire. The norm was for them to be institutionalised in establishments in which abuse and neglect was rampant and continued even when parents and others did everything possible to flag it up. Handicapped children were often targeted by abusers who knew that they could do anything and would not be held to account. Jimmy Savile knew which side his bread was buttered.
Samuel Curran died on 15 February 1998 in hospital in Glasgow, aged 85.
Curran’s colleague Sir Alfred Charles Bernard Lovell (31 August 1913-6 August 2012) was the first Director of Jodrell Bank Observatory, 1945-80. Lovell was born at Oldland Common, Bristol. Lovell had a Methodist upbringing, as did Thatch, George Thomas, Harold Wilson’s wife Mary and so many of the Gang, the Gwerin and their network, because of the political and cultural domination of Nonconformity in north Wales. Former Methodist missionaries with international connections were also members of Dafydd and Gwynne’s support network eg. the Rev/Prof Alwyn Roberts at UCNW and Top Doc William aka Bill Beer and his wife Joan Beer. See previous posts eg. ‘Meet The Gwerin!’, ‘There’s Methodism In This Madness’ and ‘Come, Friendly Bombs’.
Bernard Lovell attended Kingswood Grammar School, Bristol. Lovell studied at Bristol University, obtaining his first degree in 1934 and his PhD in 1936. Lovell was a keen player of the church organ and when at Bristol University he also received organ lessons from Raymond Jones, a teacher at Bath Technical School and later organist at Bath Abbey. Previous posts have discussed the problem of organised abuse among clergy in Somerset which during the 1960 and 70s at least was concealed by the Bishop of Bath and Wells.
Lovell worked at Manchester University until the outbreak of WW II, during which he worked for the TRE developing radar systems for aircraft. In June 1942 Lovell was involved in the recovery of a highly secret cavity magnetron from the wreckage of a Handley Page Halifax that had crashed killing a number of his colleagues, including EM engineer Alan Blumlein, while on a test flight.
At the end of WW II, Lovell attempted to continue his studies of cosmic rays with an ex-military radar detector unit, but suffered much background interference from the electric trams in Manchester. He moved his equipment to a more remote location, one which was free from such electrical interference and where he established the Jodrell Bank Observatory in Cheshire. It was an outpost of Manchester University’s Dept of Botany.
Prof Peter Greig-Smith who spent years as a Prof in the Dept of Plant Biology at UCNW spent his earlier career after Cambridge Universty in the Dept of Botany at Manchester. Greig-Smith was a member of the Gang’s support network and he was friends with the Cambridge botanist Edred Henry Corner, who was Douglas Hurd’s uncle. See eg.’Additional Security Measures’.
With Manchester University funding, Bernard Lovell constructed the then-largest steerable radio telescope in the world, which now bears his name, the Lovell Telescope. Over 50 years later it remains a productive radio telescope, now operated mostly as part of the MERLIN and European VLBI Network interferometric arrays of radio telescopes.
In 2009, Lovell claimed that he had been the subject of a Cold War assassination attempt during a 1963 visit to the Soviet Deep-Space Communication Centre. Lovell alleged that his hosts tried to kill him with a lethal radiation dose because he was Head of the Jodrell Bank space telescope when it was also being used as part of an early warning system for Soviet nuclear attacks. Lovell wrote a full account of the incident which, at his determination, was only published after his death.
In 1958, Lovell was invited by the BBC to deliver the annual Reith lectures, a series of six radio broadcasts called The Individual and the Universe, in which he examined the history of enquiry into the solar system and the origin of the universe.
In 1965 Lovell was invited to co-deliver the Royal Institution Christmas Lecture on Exploration of the Universe.
In 1975 Lovell gave the Presidential address (In the Centre of Immensities) to the British Association meeting in Guildford.
Lovell won numerous awards, including:
- 1946 – OBE, for his work on H2S
- 1955 – Elected FRS
- 1960 – Royal Medal
- 1961 – Knight Bachelor
Lovell was a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
Lovell has a secondary school named after him in Bristol, which he officially opened. A building on the QinetiQ site in Malvern is also named after him, as was the fictional scientist Bernard Quatermass, the hero of several BBC TV science-fiction serials of the 1950s, whose first name was chosen in honour of Lovell.
Just days ago it was announced that Jodrell Bank has now been awarded UNESCO status.
In 1937, Lovell married Mary Joyce Chesterman (d. 1993) and they had two sons and three daughters. In later life Lovell was physically very frail; he lived in quiet retirement and died at home in Swettenham, Cheshire on 6 August 2012.
Bernard Lovell’s son Bryan is a geologist who is featured on the webpages of Cambridge University’s BP Institute for Multiphase Flow: ‘The University of Cambridge BP Institute was established in 2000 by a generous endowment from BP, which has funded faculty positions, support staff and the Institute Building, in perpetuity. The Institute research focuses on fundamental problems in multiphase flow and is highly interdisciplinary, spanning six University Departments.’
The details provided for Bryan are:
OBE, C.Geol., Senior Research Fellow in Earth Sciences
◾ Oxford University Geology (BA 1963; MSc 1964)
◾ Harvard University (PhD 1968)
◾ Teaching Fellow Harvard University 1965-1968
◾ Lecturer in Geology at Edinburgh University 1969-1981
◾ Consultant to oil and mining industries 1965-1981
◾ founder and Chairman of Petrological Services Edinburgh 1980-1981
◾ Scottish Liberal Party energy spokesman 1978-1979
◾ Parliamentary candidate, Edinburgh South,1979.
◾ BP Exploration 1981-1996 ◾ Chief Sedimentologist
◾ Exploration Manager and General Manager Ireland
◾ International Exploration Manager (Middle East)
◾ Head of Recruitment, BP Group.
◾ President of the Geological Society 2010-2012
◾ Continuing involvement with oil industry as consultant since 1996.
Plumes or hotspots are significant features of Earth’s convecting mantle. Their behaviour may be studied by analysing their control of elevation of Earth’s surface. Specifically, they have notable effects on regional sea-levels. These changes in relative sea-level may be measured in the sedimentary record preserved on the margins of continents. These studies throw light on two main areas of Earth Science: ◾ flow in mantle plumes
◾ the mechanism of control of high-frequency changes in sea-level, especially in non-glacial times.
Bryan’s webpage also provides details of some of his publications; interested readers can therefore discover with whom Bryan has worked and of course other webpages provide details of Bryan’s colleagues at the part of Cambridge University bankrolled by BP. BP have obviously given Cambridge a lot of money, there’s quite a crowd working at the BP Institute.
The Head of the BP Institute for Multiphase Flow is Prof Andy Woods. Andy spent a few years as Prof of Applied Maths at D.G.E. Wood’s alma mater, Bristol University, which hosted that network of Top Docs and other academics who were facilitating the south west arm of Wood’s trafficking business, including statisticians who had access to the confidential data of thousands of vulnerable people as discussed in previous posts. It was in 2000, the year that Ronnie Waterhouse published his Report, that Andy was appointed Head of the BP Institute. Andy is a Professorial Fellow of St John’s College, Cambridge, Ronnie’s old college.
Prof. A. W. Woods
Professorial Fellow of St. Johns College
Professor Andy Woods has research interests in a range of fluid flow processes, many including phase changes. The character of the work includes both theoretical analysis and experimental modelling.
- 1989-1990 Green Scholar, Scripps Institute of Oceanography, La Jolla California
- 1990-1996 Institute of Theoretical Geophysics, Cambridge
- 1996-2000 Professor of Applied Mathematics, School of Mathematics, Bristol
- 2000-present BP Institute, Cambridge
- 1985 BA Mathematics, St. Johns College, Cambridge
- 1989 PhD DAMTP, Cambridge
- 1997 Marcello Carapezza Prize
- 1997 Italgas Prize
- 1999 Stewartson Lecturer
- 2000 Bullerwell Lecturer
- 2002 Wager Medal
- 2003 GFD Lecturer
- 2011 Wyss Institute Lecture, Harvard
- 2017 Elected Fellow of the Royal Society
- 2019 Marchi Lecture, Italy
- Prof. Woods has explored a wide variety of problems, including:
- the dynamics of explosive volcanic systems: both subsurface and atmospheric processes associated with such volcanism, and the related topic of two phase flow in pipelines
- geothermal systems, especially superheated systems, in which there is continual water- vapour phase change, and fluid-mineral dissolution
- natural ventilation flows in buildings, work which has recently led to the energy saving e-stack system, as well as new strategies for combining thermal mass with natural ventilation, to achieve both comfort and energy efficiency
- models of traffic flow dynamics
- oil-water-gas flows in porous rocks and problems associated with residual oil recovery
Another one of the crowd was Sir Alan Lloyd Hodgkin (5 February 1914-20 December 1998), a physiologist and biophysicist who shared the 1963 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Andrew Huxley and John Eccles. Hodgkin was born in Banbury, Oxfordshire. He was educated at The Downs School near Malvern, Gresham’s School, and Trinity College, Cambridge.
During WW II, Hodgkin volunteered on Aviation Medicine at Farnborough and was subsequently transferred to the TRE where he worked on the development of centimetric radar, including the design of the Village Inn airborne gun-laying system.
As WW II ended in 1945, Hodgkin joined the Physiology Department in Cambridge University. He was the Foulerton Professor of the Royal Society, 1951-69. Hodgkin served on the Royal Society Council, 1958-60 and on the Medical Research Council, 1959-63. He was foreign secretary of the Physiological Society, 1961-67, when Gov’t Ministers, including Enoch Powell, very firmly sat on the outrage that was Dafydd and Gwynne and were amply assisted by Top Docs crowing about their Expertise and refusing to expose Gwynne and Dafydd’s criminal blundering idiocy.
Hodgkin was appointed the John Humphrey Plummer Professor of Biophysics at Cambridge University in 1970.
Hodgkin also held additional administrative posts including Chancellor, Leicester University, 1971-84 and Master, Trinity College, Cambridge, 1978-85, succeeding Rab Butler.
Greville Janner was elected as the Labour MP for Leicester North West in June 1970. The Leicestershire ring had been in operation for decades and was concealed by among other institutions, Leicester University. One part of Leicester University that was particularly culpable was the Medical School, the Dean of which for many years was Lord Robert Kilpatrick. Kilpatrick was a Scottish Top Doc who before Leicester served as Dean of Sheffield Medical School. In 1989 Kilpatrick was headhunted by the GMC to become their Chairman, as the police investigation into Frank Beck, Greville Janner and others in Leicestershire was underway. Kilpatrick was in place at the GMC in time to conceal the leading role played by Prof Geoffrey Chamberlain in the wrongdoing at St George’s Hospital Medical School. Even in retirement, Kilpatrick was working his butt off to conceal the Westminster Paedophile Ring and the Top Docs’ considerable role in it. See post ‘Remember Girls – Never Get Into A Car With A Stranger!’. Other parts of Leicester University were also colluding with the ring, including the social scientists, educationists, humanities and media academics. See eg. ‘Radical Leicester and Other Free Radicals’ and ‘Life In Cold Blood’.
Cambridge was the location of an elite ring and Trinity College in particular educated/employed many people who concealed it. Rab Butler was one of those who colluded for years, as Master of Trinity but also in his many other roles. Matters were considerably assisted by Bertrand Russell’s association with Trinity and so many people who worked for the security services. And of course Carlo’s presence there, 1968-71. See previous posts.
With Andrew Huxley, Alan Hodgkin developed an action potential theory of nerve impulse transmission, the ‘voltage clamp’.
The experiments started at Cambridge University in 1935 with the frog sciatic nerve and Huxley and Hodgkin continued their work using squid giant axons at the Marine Biological Association Laboratory in Plymouth. In 1939, reporting work done in Plymouth, Alan Hodgkin and Andrew Huxley published a short paper in ‘Nature’, announcing their achievement of recording action potentials from inside a nerve fibre. Research was interrupted by WW II but after resuming their experimental work in Plymouth, Hodgkin and Huxley published their theory in 1952 in a series of publications.
Hodgkin and Huxley established the propagation mechanism of nerve impulse and in addition their findings led them to hypothesize the existence of ion channels on cell membranes, which were only confirmed decades later leading to a Nobel prize in 1991 for Erwin Neher and Bert Sakmann, and in 2003 for Roderick MacKinnon.
Erwin Neher began the work that led to his Nobel Prize when he was at Yale University in the late 1970s. In 1983, Neher became a Director at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Gottingen and led the Department for Membrane Biophysics. He has been an Emeritus Director of the Institute since 2011. Neher is also a Professor Emeritus at the University of Göttingen and a Co-chair of the Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience, Gottingen. Erwin is married to Dr. Eva-Maria Neher (née Ruhr, born 22 November 1950). She founded the Göttingen Xlab and has been its Executive Director since 2000. The Göttingen Xlab is an experimental laboratory for training young people from student to scientist level.
Bert Sakmann is a Top Doc who after completing his medical exams at Ludwig-Maximilians University in Munich, became a medical assistant in 1968 at Munich University, while also working as a scientific assistant (Wissenschaftlicher Assistant) at Munich’s Max-Planck-Institut für Psychiatrie, in the Neurophysiology Department under Otto Detlev Creutzfeldt. In 1971 Sakmann moved to UCL where he worked in the Department of Biophysics under Bernard Katz. In 1974, he completed his medical dissertation in the Medical Faculty of Göttingen University. Sakmann then returned to the lab of Otto Creutzfeldt, who had meanwhile moved to the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Gottingen. Bert Sakmann was Professor at Heidelberg University and is an Emeritus Scientific Member of the Max Planck Institute for Medical Research in Heidelberg, Germany. Since 2008 Sakmann has led an Emeritus research group at the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology. On 2 June 2009, Dr. Peter Gruss, the President of the Max Planck Society, announced that Sakmann would serve as the Scientific Director of the Max Planck Florida Institute, the organization’s biomedical research facility at Florida Atlantic University in Jupiter, Florida.
MacKinnon in 2014
|Born||19 February 1956|
|Known for||Potassium Channel Structure|
|Spouse(s)||Jue Chen (2017-)|
In 2007 Roderick Mackinnon became a foreign member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
Roderick MacKinnon is co-inventor with his friend and scientific collaborator, neurobiologist Bruce Bean of Harvard Medical School of a dietary supplement for treating and preventing muscle cramps; they tested it in clinical trials and are co-founders a company to commercialize their invention, Flex Pharma. Christoph Westphal and Jennifer Cermak were co-founders as well. The company undertook drug development of a formulation of supplement as a drug candidate for neuromuscular disorders like ALS, and raised a $40 million Series A round. The company had a $86 million initial public offering in 2015. In 2016, the company launched “HotShot” as a dietary supplement for endurance athletes. In June 2018 the company halted clinical development of the drug candidate due to tolerability issues, cut its workforce and said it was considering its strategy. In July 2018 MacKinnon resigned from the board of Directors.
Roderick MacKinnon shared the Nobel Prize with Peter Agre.
|Born||January 30, 1949|
|Alma mater||Augsburg College (B.A., 1970)
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine (M.D., 1974)
University Hospitals Case Medical Center(1975-1978)
North Carolina Memorial Hospital(1978-1981)
|Awards||Nobel Prize in Chemistry (2003) Bloomberg Distinguished Professorships (2014)|
Peter Agre (born January 30, 1949) is a Top Doc and molecular biologist, Bloomberg Distinguished Professor at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and Director of the Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute.
In 2009, Agre was elected President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Agre is a Lutheran. He and his wife Mary have three daughters, one son, and two young granddaughters. Agre is an Eagle Scout. Two of Agre’s brothers, also Top Docs and his son Clarke, a public defender, are Eagle Scouts as well.
While serving from 2009 to 2011 as President and Chair of the Board of Advisors of AAAS, Agre became very active in the AAAS Center for Science Diplomacy. Working with AAAS Chief International Officer, Vaughan Turekian and former Scientific Advisor to the U.S. Secretary of State, Norman P. Neureiter, Agre led a series of science diplomacy visits to countries with adversarial relationships to the U.S.
In November 2009, Agre made the first of six trips to Cuba when he led a group of scientists from AAAS to Havana. Two years later, Agre led an extensive series of visits to the Cuban Academy of Sciences and leading Cuban scientific institutions including ELAM (Latin American School of Medicine) Cuba. Invited to lecture at the University of Havana, Agre also met with Fidel Castro. Agre subsequently led another AAAS visit and served as Honorary President of Biotecnologia Habana 2012 and Plenary Lecturer at Quimcuba 2015.
After North Korea aka DPRK rebuffed requests for entry by US organizations, working through the DPRK Ambassador to the UN, an invitation was issued to the Nobel Laureate-led AAAS team in partnership with CRDF Global for a visit hosted by the DPRK State Academy of Sciences in December 2009. Requests to visit 15 research institutes, universities, the Grand People’s Study House and a hospital were all granted. Potential future scientific collaboration in the life sciences such as medicine development and agricultural research received extensive and enthusiastic discussion. A follow up visits by DPRK scientific leadership to the AAAS – CRDF team occurred 15 months later at the Carter Center in Atlanta.
A visit by Agre and the AAAS Science Diplomacy team to Myanmar occurred in April 2010. Travel was made to the new capital, Naypyidaw, for formal meetings with the Ministry of Forestry and Ministry of Health to discuss malaria. A meeting with faculty of University of Yangon was also held. Despite continued existence of the junta, meetings with the opposition were arranged in Yangon. Although Aung San Suu Kyi was unavailable as she was still under house arrest, her release occurred six months later.
Meetings with Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi at the New York residence of the Iranian Ambassador to the UN resulted in a June 2012 visit to Tehran by Agre and Norman P. Neureiter. Salehi, a PhD graduate of MIT and former Head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, arranged for lectures in multiple universities in Tehran where Agre was appointed Visiting Professor at the Sharif University of Technology and a private meeting was held with President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
The Nobel-winning globe trotting Mr Big of US medical science is nevertheless uncomfortable in that role. Peter Agre said in an interview with ‘Scouting’ magazine: ‘I identify more with Huckleberry Finn than with Albert Einstein’.
Alan Hodgkin also discovered the cell membrane depolarisation sequence now known as the Hodgkin cycle.
Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, Andrew Fielding Huxley and John Carew Eccles were jointly awarded the 1963 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine “for their discoveries concerning the ionic mechanisms involved in excitation and inhibition in the peripheral and central portions of the nerve cell membrane”. Hodgkin was knighted in 1972 and appointed to the Order of Merit in 1973. He was elected President of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom in 1966.
UCNW/Bangor University has long been proud of its Marine Sciences bit and it is one area in which Bangor has always been considered excellent. Marine Sciences seemed to begin to take off in the 1960s.
Hodgkin was elected FRS in 1948 and served as President of the Royal Society, 1970-75. It was during those years that UNCW saw the expansion in its Marine Biology Dept and the growth in status. After Prof Eric Sunderland made that arrangement in 1984 with Carlo, Thatch and the UGC to let UCNW live to see another day in return for shafting my friends and I (see previous posts), it was the Dept of Psychology and Marine Sciences that blossomed into world-famous empires. I know why Psychology benefited, it was because Fergus Lowe overthrew Dafydd’s influence and then blackmailed and threatened everyone whom he knew had colluded with or concealed Dafydd’s criminality (see eg. ‘Feet In Chains’), but I always wondered who had the Midas touch in Marine Sciences.
The Royal Society awarded Hodgkin its Royal Medal in 1958 and Copley Medal in 1965. Hodgkin was also elected to the American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Philosophical Society, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters, Deutsche Akademie, and Indian National Science Academy. Hodgkin was elected a Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences in 1964.
Sir Andrew Fielding Huxley (22 November 1917-30 May 2012) was a physiologist and biophysicist, born in Hampstead, of the famous Huxley family. See previous posts.
Bertrand Russell’s friend Rupert Crawshay-Williams was the grandson of Marian Huxley, who in turn was the daughter of Thomas Henry Huxley, the T.H. Huxley who was Darwin’s friend and supporter, ‘Darwin’s Bulldog’. Tom Huxley was a Top Doc, naturalist and all rounder who did many extraordinary things and knew many extraordinary people. Institutions with which he was associated such as Charing Cross Hospital (where he trained as a Top Doc) and Imperial College (where Tom Huxley lectured, although it was still known as the School of Mines at the time), max out on their association with Huxley.
Tom Huxley was off to a flying start as a medical student. At Charing Cross, he was taught by Thomas Wharton Jones, Professor of Ophthalmic Medicine and Surgery at UCL. Jones had been Robert Knox‘s assistant when Knox bought cadavers from Burke and Hare. The young Wharton Jones, who acted as go-between, was exonerated of crime, but thought it best to leave Scotland. In 1845, under Wharton Jones’ guidance, Tom Huxley published his first scientific paper. Later in life Huxley organised a pension for his old body snatching tutor…
It was Rupert Crawshay-Williams and his wife Elizabeth who found and recommended to Russell the house near Cwm Croesor where he lived from 1955 until his death in 1970, enabling him to make use of the services provided by Gwynne and Dafydd.
Rupert Crawshay-Williams went to school at Repton and then studied at Queens College, Oxford. Repton educated a number of the grander supporters of the Gang, as discussed in previous posts. Ioan Bowen Rees, the CEO of Gwynedd County Council while the Gang made merry in the Council’s children’s homes, went to Queen’s College, Oxford.
Rupert’s sister Gillian’s second husband was Arthur aka Tony Greenwood, Lord Greenwood. Tony Greenwood was a Labour MP who was a pal of Richard Crossman. Arthur William James Anthony Greenwood, Baron Greenwood of Rossendale, (14 September 1911-12 April 1982) was the son of Arthur Greenwood (Deputy Leader of the Labour Party under Clement Attlee). Tony Greenwood was born in Leeds, educated at Merchant Taylors’ School, and then read PPE at Balliol College, Oxford, where he held the posts of Chairman of the Labour Club and, in 1933, President of the Oxford Union.
Greenwood was part of the Woy/Tony Crosman circle who dominated the Labour Party under Harold Wilson and was well-acquainted with Westminster Swingers/Hypocrites such as Michael Foot and his mates (see eg. post ‘The Bay Of Pigs Invasion’) who lived longer than Richard Crossman and were still getting Dafydd and the Gang out of trouble until very recently.
After Oxford, Greenwood continued with political work, which included debating trips to the USA and some freelance journalism. He began, but did not complete, studies for the Bar at the Middle Temple. Early employment consisted of a spell as economic secretary to an industrialist and then, in 1938-9, work for the National Fitness Council. From 1939 to 1942 Greenwood worked at the Ministry of Information where, in 1941, he became Private secretary to the Director-General Walter Monckton (see eg. The Joys Of Propaganda’ for info re Monckton and his network, including his granddaughter Rosa, who is married to Nigel Lawson’s son Dominic and was close mates with Diana Princess of Wales), with whom he travelled to Russia and the Middle East. In the summer of 1942 Greenwood joined the RAF and in February 1943 was commissioned as an Intelligence Officer. In December 1944 Greenwood was seconded to the War Cabinet Offices, to work with Monckton on an inquiry into the Mulberry harbours.
Greenwood joined the Labour Party at the age of 14 and led the Labour group on Hampstead Borough Council, 1945-49. Greenwood knew the grand old bags who sat on Hampstead Borough Council who were married to Labour Party big wigs eg. Baroness Peggy Jay, Bea Serota etc, who, as discussed in previous posts, were political groupies of Richard Crossman and were manipulated and mobilised by Mandy’s granddad Herbert Morrison to seize control of Hampstead. They all knew about the organised abuse of vulnerable people who were carefully excluded from Hampstead and contained at the wrong side of the tracks in the slum accommodation at St Pancras. The Labour MP for St Pancras North, 1949-70, was Gwynne and Dafydd’s mate Sir Kenneth Robinson, who served as Harold Wilson’s Minister of Health, 1964-68.
The Hampstead crowd knew much about Dafydd and Gwynne’s Gang through the Welsh Bloomsbury Set, many of whom were their friends and neighbours. Kenneth Robinson went to Oundle, the same school as Sir Clough Williams-Ellis, although Robinson was younger than Clough. Previous posts have discussed members of the Oundle network who supported the Gang, which included Harriet Harman’s dad the Top Doc John Harman, Sir Peter Scott (who served as Chancellor of Birmingham University when Dafydd’s mates, including Robert Bluglass ran the place), Lord Newborough aka Micky Wynn and the loony who doubled up as Dean of the Institute of Psychiatry at the Maudsley, David Lewis Davies.
Greenwood entered Parliament as member for Heywood and Radcliffe in Lancashire in Feb 1946. Following boundary changes, Greenwood moved to represent Rossendale in Lancashire, 1950-70. Greenwood was Vice-Chairman of the PLP, 1950-1 and was in the Shadow Cabinet, 1951-52 and 1955-60. Greenwood also served on the Labour Party’s NEC, 1954-60.
Greenwood was the left wing challenger to Hugh Gaitskell in the 1961 leadership election. He served as Secretary of State for the Colonies, 1964-65; Minister of Overseas Development, 1965-66 and Minister for Housing and Local Gov’t, 1966-69, under Wilson. Greenwood succeeded Richard Crossman in the latter post.
On 22 September 1970, Greenwood was created a life peer. From 1977 to 1979 he was Chairman of the Lords Select Committee on the European Communities and Principal Deputy Chairman of Committees.
While in the Lords, Greenwood held a number of business directorships. He remained a member of the Commonwealth Development Corporation Board until 1978; was a Director of the Britannia Building Society from 1972 until his death in 1982 as well as Chairman, 1974-76; Chairman and a Director of Weeks Natural Resources (UK) Ltd., an oil exploration company; Chairman of Greenwood Development Holdings Ltd; Chairman of Integrated Professional Development Service and a Director of Pochin Ltd.
Tony Greenwood also held several public service appointments, such as Chairman of the Local Government Training Board and Staff Commission, President of the Association of Metropolitan Authorities, President of the District Heating Association, President of the Cremation Society of Great Britain, was a member of the Maplin Development Authority Board and Central Lancashire Development Corporation and he became involved in several housing organisations. Greenwood was Pro-Chancellor of the University of Lancaster, 1972-78 and financial adviser for the University of Guyana’s UK appeal. Greenwood became Chairman of the Anglo-Israel Association in 1972, was a Trustee of the Jerusalem Educational Trust and the first Chairman of the Labour Friends of Israel. He gave support to many charitable organisations and was a founding member of CND, an organisation in which Bertrand Russell and his friends/colleagues who lived in the Cwm Croesor area, including Pat Pottle and Michael Randall, played key roles. See post ‘A Message Of Peace At Christmas’ and ‘Stations Of The Crass’.
Previous posts have explained how I noticed that in north Wales no-one involved with CND, no matter how ‘radical’, would do anything to help targets of the Gang. I had always attributed this to the presence of the huge numbers of compromised social workers and Guardian reading classes in CND, I hadn’t realised that it had its origins in Bertrand Russell and E.P. Thompson etc (see ‘Captain Swing And His Crew’).
How did they expect to deal with the threat of nuclear obliteration if they couldn’t deal with Dafydd and Gwynne?
It was madness but if you daft buggers had backed my friends and I up when we gained evidence against Dafydd and Gwynne, the trail would have led to Thatch and she and all of her mates including Shotgun Ronnie would have fallen flat on their faces.
I do apologise, I forgot that you all needed your Funding from Gwynedd County Council/the GLC etc.
Tony Greenwood was Gillian Crawshay-Williams’s second husband; Gillian worked as an Artist. Tony Greenwood died in April 1982 aged 70. In 1982, Gwynne was sitting in the Student Health Centre in UCNW…
The Greenwoods had two daughters, Susanna and Dinah. Dinah Crawshay Greenwood married David Murray and became Dinah Murray. Dinah Murray can be found on the website of the National Autism Project, listed as a Strategy Board Member:
Dinah Murray is an independent researcher and campaigner, former tutor for Birmingham University’s distance learning courses on autism (adults) and former support worker for people with varied learning disabilities, including autism. Tutoring involved reading and critiquing hundreds of practitioner research projects. Her work has been published in Autism, in Good Autism Practice, in a number of books and on-line; she has presented at numerous conferences (world-wide) on varied themes related to autism, including several years of Autscape, an annual conference cum retreat run by and for autistic people. Her autism-related research interests have included: medication and its impact on quality of life; information technology for people who don’t use speech; the ethics of autism research; the nature of the human being, with a particular focus on interests. She has been assessed as on the autism spectrum, and if growing up today would certainly have attracted an autism diagnosis.
Dinah, while having not pursued any solid academic career, seems to have been very influential in the field of autism, including in the liberation of huge quantities of money to fund ‘research’ into autism. Previously on this blog – in comments as well as in posts – I have discussed the vast expansion of the definition of ‘autism’. The reason why in the early-mid 1960s autistic children had such terrible prognoses was that the diagnosis of autism was reserved for children who had a severe but little understood developmental disability. Unless the diagnosis was incorrect, those children often never learned to talk or use the bog etc. It was at a later date that the definition was expanded to include huge numbers of children, some of whom it could be argued were no more than eccentric or even simply responding to extremely stressful situations.
I know parents of autistic children who fall into the severely disabled category who have become very frustrated at the notion that their children must be like Dustin Hoffman in ‘Rain Man’ and can be taught in mainstream schools by people who do not accept that their children have severe limitations, cannot cope in those circumstances and have no understanding of the support that their children need. I have previously discussed some of the very questionable research into autism, including that of Aspergers’ syndrome carried out by Dafydd’s mate at the Maudsley, the clueless Professor Lorna Wing and research by Simon Baron Cohen which relies heavily on quaint notions of gender. Baron Cohen and his colleagues at UCL have enjoyed close professional relationships with academics in the School of Psychology at Bangor University.
While all this expertise in autism/Aspergers abounded, the parents of children with diagnoses on the autistic spectrum, including those in north Wales, were tearing their hair out over the lack of understanding and provision for their kids and a great many withdrew their kids from state schools on the grounds that the damage being inflicted could not be allowed to continue after their pleas for help had been ignored by teachers and educational psychologists.
There was one specialist school for autistic children in Denbighshire of which every parent I met spoke very highly and were keen to send their kids to. I met the Headmaster in 2002 and he gave the impression of being a very knowledgeable, pleasant and competent man. Imagine my surprise when I saw him hit the Welsh media a few years later in the midst of allegations that he had abused children. He was removed as Head and although charges were never brought, I think the school closed. Some time after that I saw his name mentioned in much lower profile information about corruption and malpractice in Denbighshire County Council and Education Authority. He was thanked for his evidence against people who were obliged to resign and it was noted that he had behaved with a great deal of dignity after having been subjected to a smear campaign. It was also noted that he had agreed not to speak to the media about some dreadful practices within Denbighshire County Council for the sake of the privacy of the families involved.
Was it the old story then? Competent person who caught the paedophiles’ friends out subjected to a high profile slander campaign, sacked from his job and a few years later was thanked in the small print for not behaving as disgustingly as everyone else? Or was there substance to the allegations made about him? It was never clear.
I met this Headmaster when I was doing a Masters at the School of Education at Bangor University. It was known that I had enjoyed his lecture, found him interesting and the Gwerin overheard me asking him if I could visit his school and they heard him saying that he’d be delighted… Gwerin also knew that for one of my projects I had interviewed lots of parents who had nothing positive to say at all about SEN provision for their autistic children as provided by Gwynedd Education Authority. I wonder???
Gwerin, do you not understand that no matter how much difficulty you caused for that man, the real losers were the children who lost the one Head who might have known how to make disabled kids comfortable at school? I found it very hard to ascertain what the truth actually was as the shit flew back and forth; did that Head ever do things that he should not have done? Or was he, like me and so many others, the victim of a witch hunt? Are you surprised that no-one will work in north Wales? What is certain is that a gang of sex offenders have dominated the region for decades and it is highly likely that should one cross their path one will find oneself under attack and no-one will ever be able to work out what the hell the truth is.
Denbighshire County Council and their Education Authority were in deep, deep trouble at the time, money disappeared from coffers and there was a spate of resignations. What was known was that the ‘services’ were, as is traditional in Denbighshire, a joke.
Perhaps Dinah Murray, daughter of one of the Westminster Swingers who protected Dafydd and Gwynne, might know what the bunfight in Denbighshire was all about.
Others on the National Autism Strategy Board include:
Drummond Bone. Drummond Bone is Master of Balliol College and Chair of the Arts and Humanities Research Council. He taught English and Comparative Literature at the University of Warwick, before returning to Glasgow where he became Professor of English Literature, Dean of the Faculty of Arts, and Senior Vice-Principal. He was then successively Principal of Royal Holloway and Bedford New College and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Liverpool. He has been involved in business and University interaction and in economic regeneration as a member of the CBI’s Science and Innovation Committee, as Chair of the Northern Innovation and Industry Group, and as Chair of the Liverpool ‘European Capital of Culture’ Company. From 2008 to 2011 he was a consultant on internationalisation to universities in the UK and overseas. He chairs the i-Graduate Group and within that the Observatory on Borderless Education. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.
I and my friends derived great entertainment from Drummond when he was VC of Liverpool University. Drummond drives racing cars, is a friend of Miranda and was constantly the subject of flattering profile articles in the ‘Times Higher Education Supplement’ and ‘The Guardian’. We knew someone who worked at Liverpool who told us that things were not quite as Drummond would have us all believe.
Here’s Drummond, the Rock Star among Vice Chancellors:
With Drummond as VC and Dr Death as Chancellor, what could ever have gone wrong at Liverpool University? Meanwhile Liverpool’s finest alumni/affiliates Dafydd and Prof Robert Owen were causing ructions in north Wales and in 2008 their colleagues at the Walton Centre managed to kill Merfyn’s wife.
Never mind, here’s another article about Drummond zooming around in his racing cars and how Liverpool was where it was all at.
Here’s another Liver Bird, whom Drummond probably knows quite well:
Richard Horton. Richard Horton is Editor-in-Chief of The Lancet. He was the first President of the World Association of Medical Editors and a Past-President of the US Council of Science Editors. He is an honorary professor at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the University of Oslo and has honorary doctorates in medicine from the University of Birmingham and the Universities of Umea and Gothenburg, Sweden. In 2011, he was appointed co-chair of the UN’s independent Expert Review Group on Information and Accountability for Women’s and Children’s Health. He is a Senior Associate of the Nuffield Trust. Richard received the Edinburgh medal in 2007 and the Dean’s medal from Johns Hopkins School of Public Health in 2009. He has a strong interest in global health and medicine’s contribution to our wider culture. In 2011, he was elected a Foreign Associate of the US Institute of Medicine.
Martin Knapp. Martin Knapp is Professor of Social Policy and Director of the Personal Social Services Research Unit (PSSRU) at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), and Director of the NIHR School for Social Care Research. His current research emphases are primarily dementia, child and adult mental health, autism and long-term social care. Much of his work has an economic focus. His work has had numerous impacts on policy and practice in these areas.
Bridget Ogilvie. Bridget Ogilvie spent 20 years as a research scientist studying the immune response to infection mostly at the UK National Institute for Medical Research, then worked for the Wellcome Trust for 19 years, finally as its Director 1991-1998. The Wellcome Trust had a particular interest in mental disorders/ diseases at that time because the general public donates so little money to these conditions. Since then, she has led a non-executive career including Directorships of AstraZeneca and Lloyds TSB and involvement with many charities such as Autistica. She was Chair of the Association of Medical Research Charities and the Lister Institute and currently deputy chair of Sense about Science. She is particularly well known for her lifetime commitment to public engagement with science.
Ian Ragan. Ian Ragan is a neuropharmacologist and an independent consultant in the biomedical sector, focusing on project management. He spent nearly 20 years in the pharmaceutical industry, most recently with Eli Lilly as Executive Director,
Remember ladies, Lil-Lets Were Designed By A Doctor, so get out there and spend, spend, spend on overpriced, bleached consumerist products and believe that those leading the campaign to have VAT removed from Mr Ragan’s products are Empowering You. Mr Ragan is making a bomb, even when the VAT is removed!!! How about reducing the price and cutting your massive profits Mr Ragan?
Here is, of all things, a ‘teens starter pack’. Get them spending young Mr Ragan, ensure that the peer pressure is at its maximum, remember to publish as much guff as possible which while pretending to educate and of course Empower girls, actually does everything possible to convince them that periods will render them filthy, smelly, prey to raging hormones and temporary insanity:
Good to see that pink ribbon attached to the zip Mr Ragan, just to emphasise that this Empowering Product is for girls!
Period Poverty? It could be limited overnight if Mr Ragan reduced his prices.
Neuroscience Research, Europe, and Executive Director, European Scientific Affairs. As such he was Chair of the R&D Committee of the Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry, and a founding member of the Research Directors’ Group of the European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations (EFPIA) where he was deeply involved in the creation of the Innovative Medicines Initiative. He was for several years Executive Director of the European Brain Council campaigning for increased investment into research on brain disorders. He has been a trustee of Autistica and has undertaken project work for the National Autistic Society on accreditation of service provision in ASD.
How did Mr Ragan build up any expertise in neuroscience by flogging Lil-lets for 20 years?
Stephanie Shirley. Stephanie Shirley was a computing pioneer who set up an early software house in 1962. Her long commitment to ASD stems from her late son, Giles, who had regressive, indeed aggressive, autism. She served as a trustee of the National Alliance for Autism Research in the US and, through The Shirley Foundation, founded and took into sustainability the Kingwood Trust support service, Prior’s Court residential school for pupils with autism, including a Young Adult Centre, Autism Cymru which succeeded in getting a national strategy for autism implemented in Wales, and Autistica which funds autism research in the UK. She has contributed to some 100 autism projects, mainly in the UK, at a total cost exceeding £50m, and she has made charitable donations of more than £65m in total. A founder member of the National Autistic Society, she is a Champion of the Autism Alliance and received the Research Advocate Award at the International Meeting for Autism Research in 2013.
Emily Simonoff. Emily Simonoff is Professor of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at the Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College London.
A graduate of the Institute of Psychiatry:
Her clinical and research work focus on neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism, ADHD and intellectual disability. She has been a panel member for 2 NICE guidelines and her research is cited in 4 guidelines. Much of her recent work has focused on the identification and treatment of additional mental problems in people with autism. She has worked with the National Autistic Society on their campaigns including, “You Need to Know” and she is on the Scientific Advisory Board of Autistica.
Elizabeth Vallance. Elizabeth Vallance taught political philosophy at Queen Mary College, London University, where she was Head of the Department of Politics, Reader in Government and Politics and Visiting Professor and is now a Fellow. She is a Sloan Fellow of the London Business School and an Honorary Fellow of the Institute of Education (of which she was Chairman from 2001-10). She was Chairman of St George’s Healthcare NHS Trust, a member of the Council of St George’s Hospital Medical School and subsequently Chair of the Ministerial Advisory Committee on Clinical Excellence Awards.
‘Nuff said. St George’s ended up in special measures.
She has been Vice-Chairman of The Health Foundation and a member of the boards of the Medical Protection Society,
I get the picture Elizabeth. Is that not a conflict of interest for someone who seeks to improve matters for people with autism, some of whom are being abused and are even dying in ‘units’ such as Winterbourne View or Whorlton Hall as exposed on TV?
Aviva plc, Norwich Union plc and HMV Group. She is currently Chair both of I CAN, the children’s communication charity and of The Centre for Mental Health.
His Master’s Voice:
Since 1967, Elizabeth has been married to Lord Iain Vallance.
The Lord Vallance of Tummel
|Member of the House of Lords
22 June 2004
|Born||20 May 1943|
|Political party||Liberal Democrats|
Iain David Thomas Vallance, Baron Vallance of Tummel (born 20 May 1943) is a Lib Dem politician. Vallance was educated at the Edinburgh Academy, Dulwich College and the Glasgow Academy. In 1965 Vallance graduated from Brasenose College, Oxford. In 1963, Jeffrey Archer enrolled at the Oxford University Dept of Continuing Education for a Diploma in Education and became a member of Brasenose College. There were allegations that Tuppence lied about his qualifications to gain entrance to Brasenose, but as with everything Tuppence, it was robustly denied although Tuppence never managed to provide evidence that he had not told porkies. See my post ‘Tuppence And His Fragrant Wife’ for further details of Tuppence and Lady Mary and the ways in which their paths have crossed with those of the Gang’s network.
In 1972, Iain Vallance graduated from the London Business School with a Masters in Business Admin. Vallance worked for the Post Office, 1966-81, including as Director of Central Finance, 1976-78, as Director of Telecommunications Finance, 1978-79 and as Director of the Materials Department, 1979-81. In 1981 Vallance moved to the soon to be privatised British Telecommunications, for which he worked until 2002. After a period in finance, Vallance became Chief of Operations in 1985 and Chief Exec, 1986-95, then Chairman from 1987 until, with many investors calling for his head on a plate, his resignation as Chairman in 2001. Vallance finally served as President Emeritus of BT, 2001-02.
In 1999 Iain Vallance made a speech to the Telecoms Managers Association, which led to him being called the lollipop man:
Iain Vallance: When it comes to the mass deployment of new technology across our network, BT has the unenviable task of the lollipop man. His job is to restrain the over-exuberant children from dashing across the road at will, and to ensure that the crossing is made safely and in an orderly fashion.
In 1995 Vallance was a member of the Greenbury Committee which produced a report Greenbury Report at the behest of the CBI, into executive remuneration. His appointment to the Committee came despite previous controversy over his own pay at BT.
Since 2003 Vallance has been member of the Supervisory Board of Siemens.
Vallance was made a Knight Bachelor in 1994 and was created a life peer on 22 June 2004.
Vallance also received an Honorary Doctorate from Heriot-Watt University in 1995.
- It was in 1995 that Patient F and I accidentally discovered that the senior managers of the NHS in north Wales, including the CEO of Gwynedd Community Health Trust John Mullen, had a ‘special arrangement’ with BT. The Special Arrangement meant that the senior managers could ring BT’s sales dept and order anything at all and charge it to the NHS without being invoiced or providing ID or order numbers, a signature or indeed any of the usual formalities. All one had to do was tell BT that this was ‘on the Special Arrangement’ and the goods would be provided. As usual, it was Brown who explained that this Special Arrangement will have meant that NHS senior managers were having their home BT services charged to the NHS and that if they had a Special Arrangement with BT, they’ll have had a Special Arrangement with other people as well and were no doubt buying cars, carpets, electrical goods, furniture etc and charging them to the NHS.
- At the time of the Special Arrangement, the Chairman of the Gwynedd Community Health Trust was the crooked Freemason who lived in Blaenau Ffestiniog, Hefin Davies. Hefin was/is a Director of a number of slate companies. Which might explain why I was told by a neighbour in Rachub in the 1990s that when three senior managers of Penrhyn Quarry were caught nicking tons of slate – the lorries were taking the slate out of the quarry without going over the weighbridge, it was a really big swindle – two were up in Court but the third, Geoff Drake, not only was never charged but then was offered a ‘seat on the Board at Ysbyty Gwynedd’. My neighbour couldn’t understand it. I could. See previous posts for info re Hefin and his consulting of NHS and Welsh Office lawyers asking them to prosecute me for anything, anything at all, they had to find something to prosecute me for. In Jan/Feb/March of 1995…
This was the Welsh Secretary at the time:
- Thieves, fraudsters, perjurers, liars, abusers…
- Anne Beynon was Director of BT Wales for a long while. Anne is a graduate of UCNW and sat on the University Council for years. Anne is married to Leighton Andrews, the former Welsh Gov’t Education Minister. Anne and Leighton graduated from UCNW in the 1970s when the Gang ran the institution. Leighton used to make very entertaining speeches which I always appreciated and wasn’t afraid to say that the governance of Wales’s HE was mediocre and that University Governors in Wales were nothing more than a load of old farts who were related to/friends with the right people. As was Leighton’s wife, but Leighton avoided mentioning that. See previous posts.
Here is a BBC News piece from 26 April 2001:
Sir Iain Vallance has resigned as chairman of British Telecom and will be replaced by Sir Christopher Bland, the chairman of the BBC. Many investors had been calling for both Sir Iain and chief executive Sir Peter Bonfield to resign, following the plunge of BT’s share price by more than 60% during the past 16 months, and the company’s massive debt problems.
The news was not met with approval by the financial markets, though. BT’s share price at first rose sharply, only to fall back again in later trading. The shares closed down 30p at 550p. One reason for the slide in the share price were reports that Sir Iain’s resignation had paved the way for a “rights issue”, worth a record-breaking £5bn ($7.2bn), according to the news agency Reuters. This means that BT will issue new shares and use the money to cuts its staggering debt burden. Analysts also expect the company to cut the dividend it pays out to shareholders. Both moves are certain to drive down the value of BT shares.
Vallance as ‘president emeritus’
The surprise announcement came in the morning on BBC Radio 4’s Today programme. “I will resign from the board,” Sir Iain confirmed, although he stressed that he would not leave BT completely – the company has offered him a role as “president emeritus”. “With all the media stuff, I was thinking to myself it’s something I’ve wanted to do for some years and by staying on as president emeritus my experience will be available to Sir Christopher.”
Sir Iain will step down on 1 May after 12 years in the role and after a 35-year career with the company. He was due to depart in July 2002 and attention will now turn to how long chief executive Sir Peter Bonfield will remain at the helm. Asked if he would keep Sir Peter as chief executive, Sir Christopher Bland said “the relationship is something we’ll have to work at”.
Sir Christopher told BBC News Online that he was very sorry to be leaving the BBC after having a “terrific” time, but that he was looking forward to dealing with the challenges facing the UK’s largest telecoms company. Sir Iain’s resignation follows a board meeting on Tuesday, where the company was again considering its options for tackling its debt crisis.
Sir Iain’s departure from BT comes as the company struggles to cope with a £30bn debt mountain. Its financial difficulties partly stem from spending £10bn on acquiring next generation mobile phone licences in the UK and Germany. BT has promised shareholders to wipe £10bn off its debt by the end of this year – and needs to do so quickly in order to satisfy credit rating agencies. The detail of how the company intends to reduce its debt will be revealed when it reports its annual results on 17 May.
With the telecoms sector under increasing pressure, the state of BT’s balance sheet has become the overriding concern for investors. And weary BT shareholders have seen the company’s share price slump from a peak of £15.13 last year to just £5.80 at the start of trading on Thursday. BT’s troubles are not all home grown. The company’s fall from grace has coincided with wider stock market gloom, which saw leading shares in the US and the UK fall heavily since March 2000. Amongst the hardest hit have been former state phone monopolies who, in virtually every western European country, have seen similar plunges to BT in their share prices.
Conflict of interest
Sir Christopher is the current chairman of the BBC board of governors and will continue in this role until a suitable replacement can be found. Sir Christopher said there would be no conflict of interest between the jobs. As BBC chairman he said he had no influence on the corporation’s journalistic output and would continue to guarantee editorial independence.
UK Prime Minister Tony Blair and Culture Secretary Chris Smith are reported to be happy with Sir Christopher continuing his role at the BBC when he takes up the BT appointment. The government on Wednesday appointed Sir Iain as a deputy chairman of the Financial Reporting Council.
Sir Iain is also the current president of the Confederation of British Industry.
Iain Vallance was rewarded for outstanding performance then.
I have blogged about Iain and Elizabeth Vallance previously and speculated that Patrick Vallance, who trained and worked at St George’s Hospital Medical School and who knew me when I was there and who last year was appointed the Gov’ts Chief Scientific Officer and then became Sir Patrick, might have been something to do with them. I have however found out that Patrick is not their son, but perhaps he is related in some other way.
Christopher Bland was appointed Chairman of BT in April 2001 – one month before I finished teacher training at Bangor University – when the plot to fit me up re false allegations and get me out of teaching was already underway…
Merfyn Jones served as Guv’nor of the BBC, 2003-06. Merfyn was appointed VC in 2004, but was acting VC from 2003 and was effectively running the University before that because of the then VC Roy Evans’ ill health. The Gwerin in the School of Education particularly hated Merfyn.
Because we were under surveillance, the security services knew that F and I had found out about the BT swindles by senior managers of the NHS in Gwynedd. They also knew that Brown told us how big and serious the swindle was.
Christopher Bland and his son Archie have been the subject of previous posts, but I’ll revisit them again now.
Sir Francis Christopher Buchan Bland (29 May 1938-28 January 2017) was Deputy Chairman of ITA (renamed IBA), 1972-80; appointed Chairman of LWT in 1984 – Mandy worked for LWT and was mates with Bland – and of the BBC, 1996-2001. He took up the position as Chairman of BT in 2001. Bland left his position with BT in September 2007. Before leaving BT, he became Chairman of the Royal Shakespeare Company, in 2004.
Bland held many concurrent chairmanships and directorships, including chairman of Century Hutchinson Group (1984), the Edinburgh-based Canongate Publishing, the National Freight Corporation, (NFC PLC) (1994), and Life Sciences International PLC (1987) and Directorship of National Provident (1978) and Storehouse PLC (1988) among others.
Bland had a long-standing interest in the cultivation of wine and in 1995 bought a 19th-century house with a large wine cellar containing alcoves to accommodate 1,000 bottles of Bordeaux, 100 bottles of Champagne, and 120 bins of white Burgundy. Two years later, he bought a small vineyard next to his home in Gascony in France, producing about 1,000 litres of wine a year. Bland was Chairman of Leiths School of Food and Wine, which he bought jointly with Caroline Waldegrave in 1994.
William Waldegrave was Secretary of State for Health, 1990-92 and for Agriculture, 1994-95. The Waldegrave’s family seat is in Somerset. Waldegrave was a Director of Coutts, one of who’s customers supplied some of the money to the person in Somerset who became flush when the Gang were after me in the late 1980s/1990s. See eg. ‘Upper Class Twit Of The Year – Shooting Themselves’.
Waldegrave’s sister Lady Susan Hussey was married to Marmaduke, Thatch’s hatchet Chairman at the BBC. Susan Hussey was/is a Lady-in-Waiting to Lilibet and is godmother to Prince William. See previous posts for info on the Waldegraves/Husseys.
Christopher Bland was born in Japan, where he lived for his first two years. His father worked for Shell and moved around the world; Bland and his younger brother were largely brought up by relatives in Northern Ireland.
Sir William Asscher, the Grand Facilitator of the Westminster Paedophile Ring, had a father who worked for Shell. Asscher was turned down for every medical school until his dad had a word with a friend at the London Hospital and they ensured that Asscher was offered a place. I’m fairly sure that Sir Henry Tizard and his son Peter, a London paediatrician, were the clue to Asscher’s success at the London Hospital. See previous posts.
Bland was educated at Sedbergh School, and Queen’s College, Oxford. Bland was at Queen’s College at about the same time as, or very shortly after, Ioan Bowen Rees was a student there. While Bland was at Oxford he was a member of the Irish Olympic fencing team in 1960; he captained the Oxford University Fencing and Modern Pentathlon teams. Bland spent his National Service with the 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards and afterwards became involved in Tory Party politics.
Together with Christopher Brocklebank-Fowler Christopher Bland wrote a pamphlet in 1964 on immigration, urging fewer controls over entry and more effort to integrate immigrant communities. He worked as a management consultant with Booz Allen Hamilton.
Bland served as a member of the GLC for Lewisham, 1967-70 and became Chairman of the Schools Committee of ILEA. The GLC and ILEA were on board with Dafydd, Gwynne, John Allen, Ioan etc, sending numerous kids to children’s homes in north Wales. See previous posts.
Bland was elected Chairman of the Bow Group think tank on 10 April 1969 to 1970 and also edited its magazine Crossbow.
Bland ran the construction and engineering firm Beyer Peacock and printers Sir Joseph Causton & Sons. Bland was critical of changes made by Thatch to Conservative Central Office staff shortly after her election as Leader in 1975. In 1976, Bland put his name to a supporting statement issued by the National Campaign for Electoral Reform.
In 1981, Bland married Jennifer Mary Denise May, now known as Lady Bland (from 1963 to 1981 Jennifer was married to Viscount Enfield aka 8th Earl of Strafford, when she was titled Lady Enfield) and the daughter of William May, the former Ulster Unionist Party MP for the Ards constituency in County Down, 1949-62 and Minister of Education for N Ireland, 1957-62. May would known about Kincora if the VIP ring at Kincora was in existence in May’s time. William May died on 2 March 1962. J.E. Daniel, Gang member and father of the corrupt Judge Huw Daniel, was killed in a car accident in Flintshire on 11 Feb 1962 at the age of 59. J.E. Daniel was an early member of Plaid, along with Saunders Lewis, Ambrose Bebb et al and of course Dafydd. Saunders Lewis made his radio broadcast ‘Tynged yr Iaith’ on Feb 13 1962. Dafydd was at his side, recording the lecture. See ‘Tan yn Llyn’.
No wonder the Gang give Huw Daniel orders and he follows them. Fings Break.
The Bland family, consisting of the couple, their son, Archie Bland, and four stepchildren, lived at Abbots Worthy House, the home of Lady Bland and her former husband, later the Earl of Strafford, in the village of Abbots Worthy in Hampshire with a London flat in Catherine Place, near St James’s Park moving their main residence to Blissamore Hall near Andover also in Hampshire), in 1998.
Lord Denning and his brother Sir Norman Denning, for many years the most senior figure in Naval Intelligence, in the UK both lived in the Whitchurch/Overton area of Hampshire, the village in which they grew up. The Dennings concealed the Westminster Paedophile Ring throughout their entire lives and the associated serious crime. See previous posts.Hampshire hosted many other people who did the same, because of its proximity to Navy HQ at Portsmouth. Southampton Medical School was a hotspot for the same reason (see ‘Professor Prestigious And His Associates’). Fergie’s dad the massage parlour frequenting Major Ron farmed in Hampshire… I used to know someone who told me that Major Ron was known to have a taste for underage girls and this was so well known that one day this person and her pals all turned up to a polo match where Major Ron was playing a leading role wearing badges saying ‘Major Ron’s Kiddie Sex Club’ and no-one dared say a thing to them… See previous posts for info on the Fergie family, including the death of Fergie’s mum, Susan Barrantes, in that car crash in Argentina on 19 Sept 1998, mid-way through the Waterhouse Inquiry.
From 1 January 1982, Christopher Bland joined the board of LWT (Holdings) and on 1 January 1984 succeeded John Freeman as Chairman of the main board of LWT.
Bland was also a Director of ITN and GMTV, and Chairman of Century Hutchinson, then an LWT subsidiary. When, after the 1993 franchise renewal, LWT was taken over by Granada in a hotly contested hostile bid, Bland became a millionaire. See previous posts.
From 1982 to 1994, Bland was Chairman of the Hammersmith and Queen Charlotte’s Hospitals NHS Special Health Authority subsequently chairing Hammersmith Hospitals NHS Trust, including Charing Cross Hospital, 1994-February 1997.
Bland was in post when I was at Hammersmith Hospital, 1986-87 witnessing the wrongdoing on the part of Dafydd’s mates there… Charing Cross Hospital hosted the notorious Gender Identity clinic where for years patients were treated appallingly by some truly bizarre Top Docs with peculiar notions of appropriate female behaviour. The patients began voting with their feet and going abroad when that became an option. Charing Cross then became very much more accommodating, so much so that they began approving gender change surgery for anyone with the dosh to pay for it. At least one of the Charing Cross patients was butchered so badly re surgery that it nearly killed them but no Top Doc was ever held to account. See ‘R.I.P. Julia Grant and Many More’.
Dame Josephine Barnes was the obstetrician/gynaecologist who ruled the roost at Charing Cross for many years. Dame Josephine was married to Sir Brian Warren, Ted Heath’s close friend and personal physician and both the Dame and Sir Brian were facilitating the Westminster Paedophile Ring. See eg. ‘Uncle Harry’s Friends…’
Bland was knighted for his NHS work in 1993, the year that I was convicted of staring at social worker Jackie Brandt in Safeways although her statement had accused me of rather more serious offences.
Bland was Chairman of the RSC, 2004–11, during which time the Royal Shakespeare Theatre in Stratford upon Avon was rebuilt at a cost of around £113 million. Bland held other public sector roles: as Chairman of the Private Finance Panel 1995-96 and as a member of the Prime Minister’s Advisory Panel on the Citizen’s Charter. I remember it well! The Empowered Service Users got hold of the Citizen’s Charter re the NHS and we howled with laughter at the gulf between what we were told we could expect as citizens and the way in which Alun Davies just insulted us whenever we tried to raise concerns or bellowed that he would have us arrested. It was during the Citizen’s Charter farce that F and I found out about the swindle that the senior NHS managers in Gwynedd were running with BT.
Bland was a senior adviser at Warburg Pincus (a private equity firm).
Bland was the father of print journalist and former Deputy Editor of the Indie, Archie Bland, and from 1981 became stepfather to four children, who include the author Lady Georgia Byng, and the Managing Director of the Edinburgh-based publishing house Canongate Books, Jamie Byng, following Bland’s wife’s earlier marriage to Viscount Enfield (1963–1981).
Bland’s death was announced by his son Archie on Twitter on 28 January 2017. He had been suffering from prostate cancer. Sir Christopher had obviously Not Attended For Screening.
Sir Peter Bonfield was Chief Exec of BT when Alun Davies’s colleagues (and probably Davies as well) were working their huge fiddle with BT. Sir Peter Leahy Bonfield (born 3 June 1944) has led a number of companies in the fields of electronics, computers and communications. He probably listened to that phone call that F made when F found out about the BT fiddle. Currently a director of several companies in the USA, Europe and the Far East, Sir Peter was formerly Chief Executive of ICL and more recently of BT Group. He is a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering, the Institution of Engineering and Technology, the British Computer Society, the Chartered Institute of Marketing, the Marketing Society and the Royal Society of Arts. Bonfield is a Liveryman of The Worshipful Company of Information Technologists, Freeman of the City of London, Honorary Citizen of Dallas, Texas and Member of The Pilgrims of Great Britain.
The third son of an engineer and his Welsh wife – bechod, he married a lovely little Welsh girl, Dafydd would be delighted to hear it!! – Bonfield was brought up in Baldock, Hertfordshire and educated at Hitchin Boys’ Grammar School. Bonfield graduated from Loughborough University. Loughborough, like Leicester University, concealed the Leicestershire ring. See previous posts.
Peter Bonfield began his career with the United States company Texas Instruments, in their Bedford (England) semiconductor plant, where he held various design, manufacturing and management roles. In 1984, on its takeover by STC plc, Bonfield was appointed Chairman and managing director of ICL plc. He remained as Chief Executive of International Computers Limited until the end of 1995, seeing the company through a period when STC sold most of its stake in the company to Fujitsu.
In 1996 Bonfield was appointed CEO and Chairman of the Executive Committee of British Telecommunications plc, where he served until early 2002. During Bonfield’s tenure the share price went from £4 to £15, and back again to £5. Bonfield’s salary to 31 March 2001, was a basic of £780,000 (increasing to £820,000) plus a £481,000 bonus and £50,000 of other benefits including pension. He also received a deferred bonus, payable in shares in three years’ time, of £481,00 and additional bonuses of £3.3 million. So Bonfield did nearly as well out of BT as the senior managers of the NHS in Gwynedd did.
Special Arrangement Sir?
Dim problem! Mind how you go Sir!
Anyone for the Citizen’s Charter?
The Finger Points At You!
Dr Peter Higson was the regional manager for NHS mental health services in north Wales when BT had the Special Arrangement with them.
Earlier this year Peter was appointed as a member of the Solicitors’ Regulation Authority. See previous post.
Peter’s sister is Dr Ruth Hussey. I would love to know if Ruth married a relative of Marmaduke and Lady Susan, perhaps readers could let me know if she did. Ruth was Chief Medical Officer for Wales, 2012-March 2016 and as such was named as a Role Model for Wimmin. Ruth and Peter were born and brought up near Llanwrst, in the hub of north Welsh Freemasonry and the Gang. Ruth, like Dafydd, qualified as a Top Doc from Liverpool University. Ruth Hussey was a previous Committee Member and is an Honorary Life Member of the Liverpool Medical Students Society. Ruth was previously Regional Director of Public Health and Senior Medical Director at NHS North West. She also served a stint at the Dept of Health in Whitehall. They only take the best there!
Meet Keith Best, barrister, former MP for Anglesey and Welsh Office Minister who concealed the crimes of the Gang when Ruth’s brother Peter was managing the North Wales Hospital Denbigh. See eg. ‘The Cradle Of Filth’.
Ruth Hussey was appointed Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in the 2016 New Year Honours. Lilibet knows how to pick ’em!
In 2017-2018, Hussey chaired a panel of experts that looked at ways to improve the Health and Social Care system in Wales. The panel proposed far reaching changes to the system, which Hussey said was in need of a ‘revolution’. The revolution needed is the removal of Ruth and her extended circle of family and friends from all positions of responsibility.
See previous posts eg. ‘Topsy and Tim’ for Peter and Ruth’s previous.
When BT had the Special Arrangement with the NHS in Gwynedd, Virginia was Health Secretary and The Hague was Secretary of State for Wales.
Peter Bonfield is presently Chairman of NXP Semiconductors (The Netherlands), Chair of Council and Senior Pro-Chancellor, Loughborough University, UK, a Director of: L.M. Ericsson (Sweden), TSMC (Taiwan), Mentor Graphics (USA), a member of The Longreach Group Advisory Board (Japan), Senior Advisor Rothschild (London) and Board Mentor CMI (Brussels), Chairman of the board East West Institute, UK, Chairman Small Business Charter, Director Global Logic Inc, USA, Member of Silent Circle Advisory Board, USA.
Previous positions of Bonfield’s include Director of Sony Corporation, Tokyo, Japan, member of New Venture Partners Advisory Board, USA, Advisor Apax Partners LLP, London, Citi International Advisory Board (USA), Director of Dubai International Capital (Dubai), a senior non-executive director of AstraZeneca Group PLC, London, Directorships at BICC plc, DESC Ltd, mm02plc, The Department of Constitutional Affairs and The Ministry of Justice, member of the Trilateral Commission, member of the Civil Service College Advisory Board, member of the High Level Working Group of the European Information Society, member of the Steering Group of the European Round Table and member of the EU-Japan Business Dialogue Round Table.
Re matters autism and Dafydd’s friends: the blockbuster ‘Rain Man’ was released in 1988 and involved Stephen Spielberg. Since then Dafydd’s mates have done very well Researching Autism and expanding the category to include very many people. They’ll all need an Assessment and a Care Plan! Could ‘Rain Man’ have served the same purpose as the Prize Winning psych nurse from Savile Central, Paul Sayer, who wrote ‘The Comforts Of Madness’ at about the same time, as discussed in ‘The Joys Of Propaganda’? Then there was the more recent 2003 book that took the world by storm, Mark Haddon’s ‘The Curious Incident With The Dog In The Night-Time’, which Did A Lot For Autism, just as I began my PhD.
Andrew Fielding Huxley was Tom Huxley’s grandson, the youngest son of Tom’s son the writer and editor Leonard Huxley by Leonard Huxley’s second wife Rosalind Bruce. Leonard was Marian Huxley’s brother, Marian who was the grandmother of Bertrand Russell’s friend Rupert Crawshay-Williams. Thus Marian was Andrew Huxley’s aunty. Leonard’s other children, Andrew’s half-brothers, were Aldous Huxley and the biologist Julian Huxley
Sir Julian Sorell Huxley (22 June 1887-14 February 1975) was Secretary of the Zoological Society of London, 1935–42, the first Director of UNESCO, a founding member of the World Wildlife Fund and the first President of the British Humanist Association.
Julian Huxley was well known for his presentation of science in books and articles, and on radio and TV. He directed an Oscar-winning wildlife film. He was awarded UNESCO’s Kalinga Prize for the popularisation of science in 1953, the Darwin Medal of the Royal Society in 1956 and the Darwin–Wallace Medal of the Linnaean Society in 1958. Julian was also knighted in 1958.
In 1959 Julian Huxley received a Special Award of the Lasker Foundation in the category Planned Parenthood – World Population. Huxley was a prominent member of the British Eugenics Society and was its President, 1959-62. Previous posts have mentioned many Top Docs, including those at the Maudsley who Trained Dafydd, who were active in the British Eugenics Society. Eugenics was of course in no way a minority sport until recent decades, Marie Stopes was famously a eugenicist as were many other birth control campaigners. Their enthusiasm for birth control wasn’t usually about Exploring Sexuality, it was far more often about stopping the lower orders from reproducing. The other end of the spectrum involved Top Docs assisting people in securing high quality gametes in order to produce the best offspring possible, as discussed in my post ‘The Case Of The King’s Sperm’.
Lord Robert Platt, the kidney specialist Top Doc who ruled supreme in Manchester for much of the middle of the 20th century and who had an exceedingly low opinion of psychiatrists but none the less propped Dafydd and Gwynne up, was one Top Doc who articulated his eugenicist ideals after his colleagues realised that it was wiser to keep quiet about that in public. See previous posts.
Julian Huxley was born on 22 June 1887, at the London house of his aunt, the novelist Mary Augusta Ward, while his father was attending the Jubilee celebrations of Queen Victoria. Huxley grew up at the family home in Surrey, where he was given lessons in nature/biology by his grandfather, Thomas Henry Huxley.
At the age of thirteen Julian Huxley attended Eton. Years previously, his grandfather had influenced the school to build science laboratories. In 1905 Huxley won a scholarship to study Zoology at Balliol. In 1906, after a summer in Germany, Huxley took up his place at Oxford, graduating in 1909 and spending that July at the international gathering for the centenary of Darwin’s birth, held at Cambridge University.
While at Oxford, Julian developed a friendship with the ornithologist William Warde Fowler.
Huxley was awarded a scholarship to spend a year at the Naples Marine Biological Station where he developed his interest in developmental biology. In 1910 he was appointed as Demonstrator in the Department of Zoology and Comparative Anatomy at Oxford University and started on the systematic observation of the courtship habits of water birds. Huxley helped devise systems for the surveying and conservation of birds. Huxley’s particular interest was bird behaviour and his 1914 paper on the great crested grebe was a landmark in avian ethology.
In 1912 Huxley was asked by Edgar Odell Lovett to take the lead in setting up the new Department of Biology at the newly created Rice Institute (now Rice University) in Houston, Texas, which he accepted, planning to start the following year. Huxley made an exploratory trip to the United States in September 1912, visiting a number of leading universities as well as the Rice Institute. At T. H. Morgan‘s fly lab (Columbia University) Huxley invited H. J. Muller to join him at Rice. Muller agreed to be his deputy, hurried to complete his PhD and moved to Houston for the beginning of the 1915–1916 academic year.
Before taking up the post of Assistant Professor at the Rice Institute, Huxley spent a year in Germany preparing for his new job. In 1913 Julian Huxley had a nervous breakdown and rested in a nursing home. His depression returned the next year and he and his brother Noel Trevennen (two years his junior) ended up in the same nursing home. Sadly, Trevennen hanged himself. As in Bertrand Russell’s family, a number of Huxleys struggled with depression and what used to be called nervous disorders. Tom Huxley’s father died in Barming Asylum and Tom’s brother George suffered; their brother James, a well known psychiatrist and Superintendent of Kent County Asylum, was at 55 “as near mad as any sane man can be”. In the next generation,Marian – who subsequently died of pneumonia in her mid-20s – also suffered.
In September 1916 Julian Huxley returned to England from Texas to assist in the war effort. He was commissioned in the Royal Army Service Corps on 25 May 1917 and was transferred to the General List, working in the British Army Intelligence Corps from 26 January 1918, first in Sussex and then in northern Italy. Huxley was advanced in grade within the Intelligence Corps on 3 May 1918, relinquished his intelligence appointment on 10 January 1919 and was demobilised five days later, retaining his rank. After the war he became a Fellow at New College, Oxford and was made Senior Demonstrator in the University Department of Zoology. New College was a recruiting ground for the British security services and they won’t have been able to have resisted Julian Huxley. Richard Crossman joined the security services when he was at New College a few years after Huxley; Crossman’s dad the High Court judge Sir Charles Stafford Crossman was also educated at New College. Herbert Albert Laurens ‘HAL’ Fisher was a New College graduate who became a don during the 1890s. Fisher was the Liberal MP for Sheffield Hallam and served as the Secretary of the Board of Education, 1916-22, in David Lloyd George’s Coalition Gov’t and was mates with the Bloomsbury Set, including those who hung out in north Wales. See previous posts eg. ‘The Vermin Club’.
In 1919 Julian Huxley married Juliette Baillot (1896–1994). Juliette was a French Swiss girl whom Huxley had met at Garsington Manor, the country house of Lady Ottoline Morrell. Ottoline was a central figure in the Bloomsbury Group and enjoyed S&M sessions with Bertrand Russell. See previous posts eg. ‘International Woman’s Day! Let’s Celebrate With Jane…’.
The newly-wed Huxleys’ life together included students, faculty wives, grebes and another depressive breakdown, a serious one. From Juliette’s autobiography Huxley’s illness seemed to have been a variant of bipolar disorder. It took a long time for Huxley to recover, but it is claimed that despite this he left a legacy of students who admired him, and who became leaders in zoology for the next three or four decades. E. B. Ford always remembered Huxley’s openness and encouragement at the start of his career.
It is fascinating reading about Huxley and his proteges, because during the decades in which they dominated zoology and evolutionary genetics, there was always much theorising yet much disagreement between them. As an undergrad I was exposed to many of the debates that had engulfed them and I was left with an impression of lots of Big Names (such as Julian Huxley) with whom the plebs were simply not allowed to disagree, yet their theories and work could be pulled apart by other Big Names. By the time that I was reading their work in the 1980s it was clear that they had got a lot of things badly wrong but dissent just had not been tolerated. Then it had become clear that some of them had fabricated their research…
My post ‘A Trail Of Blood’ discussed some of this, including how E.B. Ford and some of his students/colleagues forged research or produced very poor quality research, yet went unchallenged for years. These were influential people who had taught and worked with some of the biologists who taught me at UCNW. ‘A Trail Of Blood’ discussed Sir Cyril Clarke, an Oundel-educated Top Doc based in Liverpool who knew Dafydd and who, as well as Top Doctoring, also researched moths and almost certainly knew Gavin Gatehouse, the PhD supervisor of my friend Anne Vernon who was killed by the Gang in April 1986. It is fairly clear from reading Clarke’s work – or indeed the lack of it in terms of raw data and evidence – that he didn’t perform much of the research that he claimed to have. Yet Clarke clocked up the awards and the honours, interestingly enough in the years after Anne’s death, at times crucial for Dafydd’s reputation. Sir Cyril Clarke and his mates had been protected from the consequences of their outrageous research fraud and malpractice by the towering figure on the Liverpool medical scene for so many years, Lord Henry Cohen aka Lord Birkenhead. Henry Cohen was at the top of the medical establishment during the middle decades of the 20th century and served as an advisor to the Minister of Health when Enoch Powell held that position. Cohen will have had much to do with Dafydd being accepted for Top Docs’ training by Liverpool University with the encouragement of the security services and Cohen will have been yet another person who ensured that Gwynne continued lobotomising and occasionally killing.
Even after Henry Cohen was dead – he died on 7 Aug 1977 – his reputation would have needed defending, which is how I imagine such an impressive cess pool developed on Merseyside. See ‘A Trail Of Blood’.
Since beginning this post (I’ve been working on it since I initially posted it up days ago) I have received info that Clarke and Gatehouse or at least some of the zoologists at Bangor were acting as peer reviewers for each others research grant applications. Which interested me because of the way in which Anne began her PhD with Gavin Gatehouse. Anne had for ages said that she didn’t want to do a PhD because she was so worried that she wouldn’t be able to get a job afterwards. Jobs as academics in the natural sciences were becoming very hard to get in the mid-1980s and although that was obviously what Anne wanted to do, her parents in Surrey, an accountant and a teacher, were very keen for her to lead a bourgeois life on a high income, not the life of a naturalist in penury. Anne’s dad had even been sending her job adverts, there was a lot of pressure on her and she was feeling very anxious about it and this was well-known. At a time when Anne was feeling very, very desperate, she was asked, by Gavin Gatehouse, if she would like to do a PhD with him because he had just received a studentship for a project on noctuid moths (Dafydd’s mate Cyril Clarke’s sideline) and he did not have anyone interested in it. I don’t think that Gavin Gatehouse even advertised that studentship, Anne was actively sought out and asked if she wanted to take it, although she had not ever specialised in noctuid moths at any time…
In 1925 Julian Huxley moved to King’s College, London as Professor of Zoology, but in 1927 he resigned his Chair to work full-time with HG Wells and his son G. P. Wells on The Science of Life. For some time Huxley retained his room at King’s College and continued as Honorary Lecturer in the Zoology Department. From 1927 to 1931 he was also Fullerian Professor of Physiology at the Royal Institution, where he gave an annual lectures series. Huxley had by that time, come to the end of his life as a university academic.
In 1929, after finishing work on The Science of Life, Huxley visited East Africa to advise the Colonial Office on education in British East Africa (for the most part Kenya, Uganda and Tanganyika). Juliette wrote about Huxley falling in love with an 18-year-old American girl on board ship (when Juliette was not present) and then presented Juliette with his ideas for an open marriage: “What Julian really wanted was… a definite freedom from the conventional bonds of marriage.” The couple separated for a while; Julian travelled to the US, hoping to land a suitable appointment and, in due course, to marry Miss Weldmeier. He left no account of what transpired, but he was evidently not successful and returned to England to resume his marriage in 1931.
As the 1930s started, Huxley travelled widely and took part in a variety of activities which were partly scientific and partly political. In 1931 Huxley visited the USSR at the invitation of Intourist, where initially he admired the results of social and economic planning on a large scale. Later, back in the United Kingdom, he became a founding member of the think tank Political and Economic Planning.
In the 1930s Huxley visited Kenya and other East African countries to see the conservation work, including the creation of national parks in the few areas that remained uninhabited due to malaria. From 1933 to 1938 Huxley was a member of the Committee for Lord Hailey’s African Survey.
In 1935 Huxley was appointed secretary to the Zoological Society of London, and spent much of the next seven years running the society and its zoological gardens, the London Zoo and Whipsnade Park, alongside his writing and research. There was much dissatisfaction with Huxley’s performance in that role. Huxley was not a skilled administrator; his wife said “He was impatient… and lacked tact”.
Previous posts have discussed Ronnie Waterhouse’s role as a Trustee/Director of the London Zoo and the research that St George’s were carrying out with the London Zoo when I worked there. Very cruel research that caught the attention of the media, so St George’s and London Zoo simply issued a press release stating that the research had stopped although I had not. The St George’s researcher involved was a friend of Virginia McKenna’s family, Virginia of the ‘Born Free’ foundation… See previous posts.
In 1941 Julian Huxley was invited to the United States on a lecturing tour, and generated some controversy by saying that he thought the United States should join WW II: a few weeks later came the attack on Pearl Harbour. When the US joined the war, Huxley found it difficult to get a passage back to the UK and his lecture tour was extended. The Council of the Zoological Society, unhappy with their Secretary, used this as an opportunity to remove Huxley. This they did by abolishing his post “to save expenses”. Since Huxley had taken a half-salary cut at the start of the war and no salary at all whilst he was in America, the Council’s action was widely read as a personal attack on Huxley. A public controversy ensued, but eventually the Council got its way.
In 1943 Huxley was asked by the British Gov’t to join the Colonial Commission on Higher Education. The Commission’s remit was to survey the West African Commonwealth countries for suitable locations for the creation of universities. There Huxley contracted a disease, went down with hepatitis and had a serious mental breakdown. He was completely disabled, treated with ECT and took a full year to recover. He was 55.
Huxley got involved in the creation of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), and became the organization’s first Director-General in 1946. His term of office, six years in the Charter, was cut down to two years at the behest of the American delegation. It is likely that Huxley’s left-wing tendencies and humanism were likely factors. There were many conservative opponents of his scientific humanism. Huxley’s idea of restraining population growth with birth control was anathema to both the Catholic Church and the Comintern/Cominform.
Huxley’s internationalist and conservation interests also led him, with Victor Stolan, Sir Peter Scott, Max Nicholson and Guy Mountfort, to set up the WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature under its former name of the World Wildlife Fund). Previous posts have discussed the many links with the Gang that the WWF had/has; Phil the Greek was their Patron for years. Peter Scott was one of the Oundle old boys and served as Chancellor of Birmingham University when Bluglass et al ran the institution.
Another post-war activity was Huxley’s attack on the Soviet politico-scientist Trofim Lysenko, who had espoused Lamarckian theories, made unscientific pronouncements on agriculture, used his influence to destroy classical genetics in Russia and to move genuine scientists from their posts. In 1940, the leading botanical geneticist Nikolai Vavilov was arrested, and Lysenko replaced him as Director of the Institute of Genetics. In 1941, Vavilov was tried, found guilty of ‘sabotage’ and sentenced to death. Reprieved, he died in jail of malnutrition in 1943. Lysenko’s machinations were the cause of his arrest. Lysenkoism not only denied proven genetic facts, it stopped the artificial selection of crops on Darwinian principles and this may have contributed to the regular famines that resulted from the Soviet agricultural system. Huxley, who had twice visited the Soviet Union, was originally not anti-communist, but the ruthless adoption of Lysenkoism by Joseph Stalin ended his tolerant attitude. Lysenko ended his days in a Soviet mental hospital and Vavilov’s reputation was posthumously restored in 1955.
In the 1950s Huxley played a role in bringing to English speakers the work of the French Jesuit palaeontologist Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, whom he believed had been unfairly treated by the Catholic and Jesuit hierarchy. Both men believed in evolution, but differed in that de Chardin was a Christian, whilst Huxley was a non-believer. Huxley wrote the foreword to The Phenomenon of Man (1959) and was bitterly attacked by his rationalist friends for doing so.
In addition to his international and humanist concerns, Huxley’s research interests covered evolution in all its aspects, ethology, embryology, genetics, anthropology and to some extent the infant field of cell biology. Julian’s eminence as an advocate for evolution and especially his contribution to the modern evolutionary synthesis, led to his awards of the Darwin Medal of the Royal Society in 1956 and the Darwin–Wallace Medal of the Linnaean Society in 1958.
Huxley was a friend and mentor of the biologists and Nobel laureates Konrad Lorenz and Niko Tinbergen, (see previous posts for discussion of those in the Gang’s support network who tried to apply Lorenz and Tinbergen’s work to human beings) and taught and encouraged many others. Huxley’s interest in progress and evolutionary humanism runs through much of his published work. He was one of the signers of the Humanist Manifesto.
Huxley and the biologist August Weismann insisted that natural selection was the primary agent in evolution. Huxley was a major player in the mid-20th century modern evolutionary synthesis and was a prominent populariser of biological science to the general public.
- In the early 20th century Huxley was one of the minority of biologists who believed that natural selection was the main driving force of evolution and that evolution occurred by small steps.
- Although Huxley’s time as an academic was quite brief, he taught and encouraged a number of evolutionary biologists at the University of Oxford in the 1920s. Charles Elton (an ecologist), Alister Hardy (a marine biologist) and John Baker (a cytologist) all became highly successful and Baker eventually wrote Huxley’s Royal Society obituary memoir.
The ecologists at Bangor will have known of Charles Elton and his work and Sir Alister Clavering Hardy has close links with Bangor and Wales per se. Hardy was the first Professor of Zoology at Hull University, 1928-42; Professor of Natural History at Aberdeen University, 1942-46 and Linacre Professor of Zoology at Oxford University and Fellow of Merton College, 1946-61.
In 1940, Hardy was made FRS and he was knighted in 1957.
1957: Macmillan reshuffled his Cabinet because of something Gwynne-related and Dafydd qualified as a Top Doc and headed straight for Denbigh.
Like Clough Williams-Ellis, Peter Scott, Harriet’s dad et al, Alister Hardy went to Oundle School; he was some 13 years younger than Clough. Hardy had a lifelong interest in spiritual phenomena, but was aware that his interests were likely to be considered unorthodox in the scientific community. Apart from occasional lectures Hardy kept his opinions to himself until his retirement from his Oxford Chair. During the academic sessions of 1963-4 and 1964-5, Hardy gave the Gifford Lectures at Aberdeen University on the evolution of religion, later published as The Living Stream and The Divine Flame. These lectures signalled his wholehearted return to his religious interests.
In 1969 Hardy founded the founded the Religious Experience Research Centre at Manchester College, Oxford. The Centre began its work by compiling a database of religious experiences and continues to investigate the nature and function of spiritual and religious experience. The Centre was located at Manchester College Oxford, 1969-1989 and from 1989–1999 at Westminster College, Oxford. In 2000 the Centre relocated to the University of Trinity St David at Lampeter. The Directors of the Centre are currently Greg Barker, Bettina Schmidt and Sally Wilkinson.
Bettina Schmidt used to work at the School of Theology at Bangor University and was one of those discussed in earlier posts who caused such bad feeling that an enormous sigh of relief was breathed when she left Bangor for Lampeter.
Much more interesting is the fact that Mike Jackson, a clinical psychologist who since the late 1980s has worked with the Gang in north Wales, did his PhD at Hardy’s Centre, when it was still based at Oxford. Mike used to be a neighbour of mine and he knew exactly what was happening to me and other Empowered Service Users. Mike knew about Dafydd and the trafficking ring, the research fraud, the serious abuse and neglect of Empowered Service Users and that Empowered Service Users were going to prison because Mike’s colleagues were perjuring themselves. Mike has never said a word about any of it and when he heard that my lawyers had taken possession of my medical records and I bumped into him in Morrisons, he was good enough to yell that he knew that I’d suffered but he hoped that I never won a case against the NHS.
I never understood why Mike Jackson ever went to work in north Wales. He wasn’t grossly incompetent or the child of one of the Gang so I’m intrigued as to why he ever thought that it would be a suitable habitat for him. He moved in two doors down from me a few months after I bought my house in Rachub, when I was still working at St George’s. After I began this blog, I was told that Mike was someone who had been told that a medical researcher at St George’s had found out about Gwynne and Dafydd and she was not going to keep quiet about them, so Mike assisted with the collective effort to ensure that the Gang remained in business. The Gang are of course linked to a ring in Oxford, which was facilitated by Top Docs, clin psychs etc at Oxford University. Mike arrived in Bangor in the late 1980s; in 1987, Prof Mark Williams at Bangor discovered the Miracle Of Mindfulness which eventually bagged him a Chair at Oxford. See post ‘The Biggest Expert Of The Lot’.
Mike’s wife Sonia grew up in Somerset near to where I had gone to school. Although I didn’t know her in Somerset, it is likely that Sonia knew people who knew me.
In the 1990s, Nice Young Doctor Richard Tranter arrived to join the Gang at Bangor from Oxford. Richard emigrated to New Zealand a few years ago unexpectedly. He decided to leave the UK after Brown and I began publishing about the mental health services in north Wales, after Operation Pallial was launched and just after Tony Francis killed himself. See previous posts for info on Tranter and his wife Siobhan, a Lovely Young Angel who, like her husband, was concealing abuse and criminality.
When Tony Francis died, it was noted that there were no media reports or even obituaries. It is believed that Francis hung himself but no-one knows where or who found his body. Brown remarked that Francis must have been in a terrible state because Top Docs don’t usually hang themselves; they know that it is not a nice way to go and they have access to drugs which provide an easier farewell. Loads of kids in care and Empowered Service Users in north Wales ‘hung themselves’. Some of us believe that as with all those patients of Dafydd’s on the hospital wing in Risley Remand Centre who Hung Themselves while being regularly observed by Angels (see eg. ‘Include Me Out’), many of the former kids in care and Empowered Service Users were murdered.
The other day I had a visit from someone who told me that he believed that, like Michael Mansfield’s daughter who Hung Herself not long ago, Tony Francis could well have been murdered and he asked me if I thought that Tranter had feared that he would be next and that’s why he emigrated. I have no idea, but I do definitely believe that many of the suicides in north Wales and Risley were murders. Some of the inquests have barely bothered to conjure up credible explanations for the death, it’s not as if anyone ever asks the obvious questions.
Hardy’s biological approach to the roots of religion is currently shared by a number of other researchers (cf. Scott Atran, Pascal Boyer) but unlike them Hardy did not wish to be reductionist, seeing religious awareness as having evolved in response to a genuine dimension of reality. For his work in founding the Religious Experience Research Centre, Hardy received the Templeton Prize shortly before his death. Previous posts have discussed the eccentricities of the Templeton Prize – which is worth a great deal of money – and those involved with reviewing applicants. One of them is Andrew Davidson Briggs, who holds a Chair at Oxford and is the brother of Ann Atkins, the erudite but rather condemning regular on Radio 4’s ‘Thought For the Day’. Ann Atkins is the cousin of Mr Porter, who owned and was Headmaster of Hillgrove School in Bangor, where I used to teach. Mr Porter was part of the conspiracy to level fallacious allegations against me and force me out of teaching, although he had a great deal of encouragement from the Gang. See eg. ‘Thought For The Day’…
Ann Atkins’ entire family have held positions in the Anglican Church and affiliated institutions for so long that they must have had knowledge of clerical abuse. See previous posts.
Alister Hardy was alive and kicking until 22 May 1985, so he was around to assist Gwynne with the How Very Dare You when I complained about him.
The Gang experienced the loss of another powerful friend when Anthony Eden’s son Nicholas Eden resigned from his Ministerial job in Thatch’s Gov’t on 27 March 1985 and died from HIV/AIDS on 17 Aug 1985. See previous posts…
Perhaps the most significant of Julian Huxley’s proteges was Edmund Brisco Ford, – who gave rise to a number of researchers who fabricated research, as discussed in my post ‘A Trail Of Blood’ – who founded the field of ecological genetics. Another important disciple of Huxley was Gavin de Beer, who became Director of the Natural History Museum. E.B. Ford and de Beer had attended Huxley’s lectures, later became his collaborators and then leaders in the field in their own right.
- In an era when scientists did not travel so frequently as today, Huxley was an exception; he travelled widely in Europe, Africa and the United States. Huxley was therefore able to learn from and influence other scientists, naturalists and administrators. In the US he was able to meet other evolutionists at a critical time in the reassessment of natural selection. In Africa Huxley was able to influence colonial administrators about education and wildlife conservation. In Europe, through UNESCO, he was at the centre of the post-WW II revival of education. In Russia, Huxley’s experiences were mixed. His initially favourable view was changed by his growing awareness of Stalin’s murderous repression and the Lysenko affair. There seems little evidence that Huxley had any effect on the Soviet Union and the same could be said for some other Western scientists.
- Huxley was one of the main architects of the modern evolutionary synthesis which took place around the time of WW II. The synthesis of genetic and population ideas produced a consensus which reigned in biology from about 1940.
- Huxley’s first ‘trial run’ was the treatment of evolution in the Science of Life (1929–30) and in 1936 he published a long and significant paper for the British Association
- Huxley’s book Evolution: The Modern Synthesis was written whilst he was Secretary to the Zoological Society and made use of his remarkable collection of reprints covering the first part of the century. It was published in 1942.
- Huxley’s main co-respondents in the modern evolutionary synthesis are usually listed as Ernst Mayr, Theodosius Dobzhansky, George Gaylord Simpson, Bernhard Rensch, Ledyard Stebbins and the population geneticists J. B. S. Haldane, Ronald Fisher and Sewall Wright.
However, at the time of Huxley’s book several of these had yet to make their distinctive contribution. Huxley, E.B. Ford and his co-workers were important; and Cyril Darlington was a notable source of facts and ideas.
- Some of Huxley’s last contributions to the evolutionary synthesis debate were on the subject of ecological genetics and polymorphism, the field in which Sir Cyril Clarke and others who fabricated their research published. See post ‘A Trail Of Blood’.
Huxley had a close association with the British rationalist and secular humanist movements. He was an Honorary Associate of the Rationalist Press Association from 1927 until his death, and on the formation of the British Humanist Association in 1963 Huxley was appointed President, to be succeeded by AJ Ayer in 1965. Huxley was also closely involved with the International Humanist and Ethical Union. In 1962 Huxley accepted the American Humanist Association‘s annual “Humanist of the Year” award. Huxley also presided over the founding Congress of the International Humanist and Ethical Union and served with John Dewey, Albert Einstein and Thomas Mann on the founding advisory board of the First Humanist Society of New York.
Julian Huxley took interest in investigating parapsychology and spiritualism. He joined the Society for Psychical Research in 1928. After investigation, Huxley found the field to be unscientific and full of charlatans. In 1934, Huxley joined the International Institute for Psychical Research but resigned after a few months due to its members’ spiritualist bias and non-scientific approach to the subject.
After attending seances, Huxley concluded that the phenomena could be explained “either by natural causes, or, more usually by fraud”. Huxley, Harold Dearden and others were judges for a group formed by the ‘Sunday Chronicle’ to investigate the medium Harold Evans. During a séance Evans was exposed as a fraud, masquerading as a spirit in a white nightshirt.
In 1952, Huxley wrote the foreword to Donovan Rawcliffe’s The Psychology of the Occult.
Huxley was a prominent member of the British Eugenics Society, serving as Vice-President (1937–1944) and President (1959–1962). Huxley thought eugenics was important for removing undesirable variants from the human gene pool, although after WWII he believed that race was a meaningless concept in biology and its application to humans was highly inconsistent.
Huxley was an outspoken critic of the most extreme eugenicism in the 1920s and 1930s (the stimulus for which was the greater fertility of the ‘feckless’ poor compared to the ‘responsible’ prosperous classes). He was nevertheless a leading figure in the eugenics movement (see, for example, Eugenics manifesto). Huxley gave the Galton memorial lecture twice, in 1936 and 1962. In his writing he used this argument several times: no one doubts the wisdom of managing the germ plasm of agricultural stocks, so why not apply the same concept to human stocks?
Huxley was one of many intellectuals at the time who believed that the lowest class in society was genetically inferior. In this passage, from 1941, Julian Huxley investigates a hypothetical scenario where social darwinism, capitalism, nationalism and the classed society is taken for granted:
If so, then we must plan our eugenic policy along some such lines as the following:… The lowest strata, allegedly less well-endowed genetically, are reproducing relatively too fast. Therefore birth-control methods must be taught them; they must not have too easy access to relief or hospital treatment lest the removal of the last check on natural selection should make it too easy for children to be produced or to survive; long unemployment should be a ground for sterilization, or at least relief should be contingent upon no further children being brought into the world; and so on. That is to say, much of our eugenic programme will be curative and remedial merely, instead of preventive and constructive
Here, Huxley does not demean the working class in general, but aims for “the virtual elimination of the few lowest and most degenerate types”. The sentiment is not at all atypical of the time and similar views were held by many geneticists and by other prominent intellectuals. However, Huxley did advocate a completely different alternative, in which the lower classes are ensured a nutritious diet, education and facilities for recreation:
We must therefore concentrate on producing a single equalized environment; and this clearly should be one as favourable as possible to the expression of the genetic qualities that we think desirable. Equally clearly, this should include the following items. A marked raising of the standard of diet for the great majority of the population, until all should be provided both with adequate calories and adequate accessory factors; provision of facilities for healthy exercise and recreation; and upward equalization of educational opportunity. … we know from various sources that raising the standard of life among the poorest classes almost invariably results in a lowering of their fertility. In so far, therefore, as differential class-fertility exists, raising the environmental level will reduce any dysgenic effects which it may now have
Concerning a public health and racial policy in general, Huxley wrote that “…unless [civilised societies] invent and enforce adequate measures for regulating human reproduction, for controlling the quantity of population, and at least preventing the deterioration of quality of racial stock, they are doomed to decay …” and remarked how biology should be the chief tool for rendering social politics scientific.
Huxley shared the science journal Nature’s enthusiasm for birth control and ‘voluntary’ sterilization.” Huxley’s enthusiasm for centralised social and economic planning and anti-industrial values was common to leftist ideologists during the inter-war years. Towards the end of his life, Huxley himself must have recognised how unpopular these views became after the end of WW II. In the two volumes of Huxley’s autobiography, there is no mention of eugenics in the index, nor is Galton mentioned; the subject has also been omitted from many of the obituaries and biographies. An exception is the proceedings of a conference organised by the British Eugenics Society.
In response to the rise of European fascism in the 1930s, Huxley was asked to write We Europeans with the ethnologist A. C. Haddon, the zoologist Alexander Carr-Saunders and the historian of science Charles Singer. Huxley suggested the word ‘race’ be replaced with the phrase ‘ethnic group’. After WW II, he was instrumental in producing the UNESCO statement The Race Question.
Huxley won the second Anisfield-Wolf Book Award for We Europeans in 1937.
In 1957, Huxley coined the term ‘transhumanism’ for the view that humans should better themselves through science and technology, possibly including eugenics, but also through the improvement of the social environment.
In 1934 Huxley collaborated with the naturalist Ronald Lockley to create for Alexander Korda the world’s first natural history documentary The Private Life of the Gannets. Huxley and Lockley won an Oscar for the film, which was shot with the support of the Royal Navy around Grassholm off the Pembrokeshire coast. Huxley had given talks on the radio since the 1920s, followed by written versions in ‘The Listener’. In later life, Huxley became known to an even wider audience through television. In 1939 the BBC asked Huxley to be a regular on the radio programme ‘The Brains Trust’ and in the 1950s he was a regular panelist on the BBC quiz show Animal, Vegetable, Mineral? .
In 1937 Huxley was invited to deliver the Royal Institution Christmas Lecture on Rare Animals and the Disappearance of Wild Life.
Julian Huxley was a friend of Bertrand Russell and Julian’s sons Anthony and Francis both knew Russell as children.
Anthony Huxley was a botanist. David Wheeler’s Indie obituary for Anthony was published on 4 January 1993:
WITH ANTHONY HUXLEY’s death the garden world has lost one of its most distinguished and knowledgeable servants, who earned his reputation more by his pen than his spade. Born in 1920, Anthony Huxley spent much of his childhood at London Zoo in Regent’s Park where his father, Sir Julian Huxley, was secretary. He was educated at Dauntsey’s School and Trinity College, Cambridge, spending 10 post-Cambridge years as a ‘boffin’ with the RAF and the Ministry of Aircraft, and a short spell with BOAC. In 1949 he began a 22-year association with the mass-selling weekly Amateur Gardening, resigning as its editor in 1971 in order to concentrate more on his own writing.
Wild flowers (with cacti and what we have come to call house plants) were a passion with Huxley. He enjoyed writing about them as much as he wrote about cultivated plants. With his friend Oleg Polunin he wrote Flowers of the Mediterranean (1965), with Dr William Taylor there was Flowers of Greece and the Aegean (1977), and with Paul and Jenne Davies he brought out Wild Orchids of Britain and Europe (1983).
There is no doubting that his last great publishing commission, as general editor of the massive four-volume New Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary of Gardening, sapped a great deal of Anthony’s energy during hislast illness. Although he did live to see its publication this year he made no secret of the angst its preparation caused him. Two years ago I asked him if he would write for Hortus an account of this remarkable book’s genesis. His reply, dated December 1990, says, ‘A discourse on how the job was achieved might be refreshing but probably libellous . . .’
Despite the dictionary’s flaws (he was exasperated by errors which could have been corrected), it stands as a permanent memorial to a man whose marshalling of people and plants was seemingly easy and equally efficient.
Julian’s son Francis’s obituary was published in ‘The Guardian’ on 20 Dec 2016 and was written by A. David Napier, Prof of Medical Anthropology at UCL, who completed his undergrad and postgrad degrees at Oxford:
In the early 1950s the anthropologist Francis Huxley, who has died aged 93, undertook pioneering fieldwork among the Urubu people of the Amazon basin. The resulting book, Affable Savages (1956), adopted a new, “reflexive” approach to the study of culture in which the author’s encounters with the “other” are reflected as much in personal reactions as in objective descriptions.
Francis was a pioneer of this form of anthropological writing – a style that much suited his lifelong interest in shamanism and the altered states of consciousness often experienced by religious healers. While this novelesqueway of writing was largely shunned by his contemporaries, eventually it became commonplace.
Francis was also an activist for the indigenous peoples he studied and loved. A Sunday Times article by Norman Lewis in 1969 had pointed to the killing of the native peoples of the Amazon basin and the taking of their land, prompting Francis, along with several other anthropologists and the explorer Robin Hanbury-Tenison, to found Survival International, an NGO devoted to protecting the rights of indigenous peoples worldwide. Over the years Survival International has provided a platform for exposing genocide,violence, slavery and exploitation.
Although Francis and his family were happy to allow themselves to be used to conceal such things in the UK.
Since 1960 Robin Hanbury-Tenison has farmed over 2000 acres of hill farm on Bodmin Moor in Cornwall with sheep and cattle, diversified with Angora goats, red deer and wild boar from Russia, and later farming energy from wind, solar, water and biomass. In 1982 and 1983 Hanbury-Tenison organised Capital Radio’s Venture Days in Battersea Park. From 1995 to 1998 Hanbury-Tenison was CEO of the British Field Sports Society, now the Countryside Alliance. He organised the Countryside Rally, which brought 130,000 people to Hyde Park in July 1997, and the Countryside March when 300,000 marched through London in 1998. Previous posts have discussed how the Countryside Alliance and Countryside March were organised and driven by people with interests in the City who promoted themselves as being concerned with Miranda and his metropolitan Gov’ts neglect of rural matters. Miranda’s administrations were clueless and uninterested in farming and the countryside but the Countryside Alliance weren’t representing those who were suffering as a result.
In 1972 Francis was a member of a four person mission sponsored by the Aborigines’ Protection Society and aided by the Brazilian Gov’t to investigate the plight of Native South American tribes. Their report, ‘Tribesof the Amazon Basin in Brazil’ (1973), identified groups threatened by Brazilian economic expansion and described the sad impact on their religious, spiritual and psychological health and wellbeing.
Born in Oxford, Francis was the son of Julian Huxley, the noted biologist and first director general of Unesco, and his Swiss wife, Juliette (nee Baillot), a writer and sculptor. He joined a remarkable dynasty that included Julian’s brother, the author Aldous Huxley, and half-brother, the physiologist and Nobel laureate Andrew Huxley. Francis was also the great-grandson of Charles Darwin’s friend Thomas Henry Huxley, and as a child knew such luminaries as Bertrand Russell and TE Lawrence.
TE Lawrence worked for British Military Intelligence. He was born in a house at Tremadog, not far from where Bertrand Russell, Sir Clough etc hung out in the Cwm Croesor area. Lawrence’s family left Tremadog when he was a young child, but no-one in north Wales ever forgot that he came from Tremadog, there is an engraving and a plaque…
Educated at Gordonstoun, the school in Moray, Scotland founded in 1934 by the educationist Kurt Hahn after he left Germany, Francis joined the Royal Navy in 1943 as assistant navigating officer on HMS Ramilles. In 1946 he went to Balliol College, Oxford, where he gained a degree in zoology, working under Peter Medawar, who regretted that Francis did not continue in that field.
In 1958, while undertaking an anthropological study of Weyburn hospital, Saskatchewan, Francis participated in Humphrey Osmond’s research on the therapeutic value of LSD for alcohol addiction. Indeed, Francis was the family’s true pioneer of the psyche, counting the radical psychoanalyst RD Laing amongst his closest friends. As director of studies at Laing’s London-based Philadelphia Association (1972-82), Francis acted as teacher, supervisor, therapist, and writer. In 1984 he returned to Oxford to give a well received lecture on Psychoanalysis and Anthropology.
Previous posts have discussed LSD therapy, Laing, the Philadelphia Association, Joe Burke etc. They were connected with the Gang and at one point Dafydd became a Laingian. Some of the Croesor crowd knew Laing and Francis Huxley will have known Isabel Emmett, the social anthropologist at Manchester University who married a local man from Croesor. Isabel wrote the famous 1964 community study of Cwm Croesor/Llanfrothen, ‘A North Wales Village, A Social Anthropological Study’ and she mentioned in the book that certain Top Docs and lawyers were so powerful that local people didn’t dare cross them. I suspected that she was referring to Dafydd and Gwynne when I first read Isabel’s book and I wondered why she wasn’t braver in print, because she undoubtedly knew about the North Wales Hospital. See post ‘How No-One Knew About Dr Dafydd Alun Jones’. I didn’t know until recently that Isabel was Of Those who utilised Dafydd and Gwynne’s services. See ‘Vested Interests Or Common Pool?’ Isabel knew Eric Sunderland who was an anthropologist and I am sure that Eric would not have missed the opportunity of ingratiating himself to Francis Huxley.
‘A child has been mistreated? But who by??’
‘Friend of the Huxleys? No problem. Mind How You Go, Sir.’
Huxley retired to New Mexico in 1990, and to California in 2006. ‘The Mutual Self’, his last unfinished book, is a musing on the fact that: “We swim in a sea of mutualities whether we like it or not, and mutuality changes us as we change each other.”
Though his third marriage, to Adele Getty, ended in divorce – as did his first two – she looked after him throughout his final decade. Above all, Francis will be remembered for his insatiable desire to know things and for his wholesome and robust laugh.
•Francis Huxley, anthropologist and author, born 28 August 1923; died 29 October 2016
All of these Huxleys were networked to Bertrand Russell and the ring.
The biologists at Bangor will have been cowed by the very mention of Julian Huxley’s name and a number of them might well have known him.
From such stock did Andrew Huxley arise. After Westminster School, Andrew Fielding Huxley went to Trinity College, Cambridge where he joined Alan Hodgkin studying nerve impulses. Soon after the outbreak of WW II, Huxley was recruited by the British Anti-Aircraft Command and later transferred to the Admiralty. After WW II, Huxley resumed research at Cambridge University, where he developed interference microscopy, suitable for studying muscle fibres.
In 1952, Andrew Huxley was joined by German physiologist Rolf Niedergerke. In 1954 they discovered the mechanism of muscle contraction, the ‘sliding filament theory’, the foundation of modern understanding of muscle mechanics. In 1960 Huxley became Head of the Department of Physiology at UCL. Huxley was elected FRS in 1955, served on the Council of the Royal Society, 1960-62 and was President of the Royal Society in 1980. The Royal Society awarded him the Copley Medal in 1973 for his collective contributions to the understanding of nerve impulses and muscle contraction.
Huxley was conferred a Knight Bachelor by Lilibet in 1974 and was appointed to the Order of Merit in 1983.
Andrew Huxley was a Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge until his death.
Having entered Cambridge in 1935, Huxley graduated with a Bachelor’s degree in 1938. In 1939, Alan Hodgkin returned from the US to take up a fellowship at Trinity College and Huxley became one of his postgraduate students. Beginning in 1935 in Cambridge, Hodgkin had made preliminary measurements on frog sciatic nerves suggesting that the accepted view of the nerve as a simple, elongated battery was flawed. Hodgkin invited Huxley to join him researching the problem. The small size of most neuron made it extremely difficult to study them using the techniques of that time. They overcame this by working at the Marine Biological Association laboratory in Plymouth using the giant axon of the longfin inshore squid, which have the largest neurons known. In 1939, Hodgkin and Huxley jointly published a short paper in ‘Nature’ reporting on the work done in Plymouth and announcing their achievement of recording action potentials from inside a nerve fibre.
Then WW II broke out and Huxley and Hodgkin abandoned their research. Huxley was recruited by the British Anti-Aircraft Command, where he worked on radar control of anti-aircraft guns. Later Huxley was transferred to the Admiralty to do work on naval gunnery and worked in a team led by Croesor second homer Patrick Blackett. Alan Hodgkin, meanwhile, was working on the development of radar at the Air Ministry. When he had a problem concerning a new type of gun sight, he contacted Huxley for advice. Huxley did a few sketches, borrowed a lathe and produced the necessary parts.
Huxley was elected to a research fellowship at Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1941. In 1946 Huxley took this up and resumed his collaboration with Hodgkin on nerve signal transmission and continued their work in Plymouth. In 1952, Huxley and Hodgkin published their theory of how action potentials are transmitted and also described one of the earliest computational models in biochemistry. This model formed the basis of most of the models used in neurobiology during the following four decades.
By 1953, with the assistance of Rolf Niedergerke, Huxley began to elucidate the mechanism underlying muscle movement. Around that time, Hugh Huxley and Jean Hanson made similar observations. Authored in pairs, their papers were simultaneously published in the 22 May 1954 issue of Nature. Thus these four people introduced the sliding filament theory of muscle contractions. Andrew Huxley synthesized his findings and the work of colleagues into a detailed description of muscle structure and how muscle contraction occurs and generates force and published this in 1957.
1957 again. Anthony Eden forced out of office by Top Docs in Gwynne and Dafydd’s wider circle, Gwynne doing whatever it was that caused Macmillan to reshuffle his Cabinet, Dafydd qualifying as a Top Doc.
In 1966 Andrew Huxley’s team provided the proof of the sliding filament theory and it has remained the basis of modern understanding of muscle physiology.
In 1953, Huxley worked at Woods Hole, Massachusetts. Huxley gave the Herter Lectures at Johns Hopkins Medical School in 1959 and the Jesup Lectures at Columbia University in 1964. In 1961 Huxley lectured on neurophysiology at Kiev University as part of an exchange scheme between British and Russian professors.
Andrew Huxley was an Editor of the ‘Journal of Physiology’, 1950-57 and also of the ‘Journal of Molecular Biology’.
Huxley held posts in Cambridge until 1960, when he became Head of the Department of Physiology at UCL. By 1960, UCL had been facilitating the Westminster Paedophile Ring for decades. UCL hosted the daddy of so many abusive Top Docs, Lord Max Rosenheim (see previous posts), as well as Marjorie Wallace’s husband Top Doc Andrew Skarbek. Previous posts discussed how staff from UCL were evacuated to UCNW during WW II and formed lifelong bonds with the Gang, including a high profile very influential mathematician as well as others… Lord Henry Woolf was a law student at UCL and in his later career made himself useful to the Gang (see eg. post ‘A Trail Of Blood’). Prof Eric Sunderland did his PhD at UCL. Much more recently, psychologists at UCL, including Sarah-Jayne Blakemore, have worked closely with members of the Gang, particularly from the School of Psychology at Bangor University. See previous posts.
In 1969, six years after Huxley won the Nobel, he was appointed to a Royal Society Research Professorship, which he held in the Department of Physiology at UCL.
In 1980, Huxley was elected as President of the Royal Society, a post he held until 1985. In his Presidential Address in 1981, he chose to defend Darwin’s theory of evolution as his ancestor T. H. Huxley had in 1860. Although T. H. Huxley defied the bishops of his time, Andrew Huxley flew the flag for a possibly even more unpopular cause; in 1983, Huxley defended the Royal Society’s decision to elect Thatch as a fellow on the grounds of her ‘support for science’ even after 44 fellows had signed a letter of protest.
Oxford University and the Royal Society were terribly conflicted over Thatch. They hated her for her philistinism and they regarded her claim to be a scientist herself as a travesty. Thatch bagged a mediocre degree in chemistry, she wasn’t very good at it and as soon as she could she trained as a barrister, which was what she had intended to do for years. However there was that matter of Dorothy the bedfellow of so many Communists working for the security services having been Thatch’s tutor at Oxford, the whole lot of them concealing the same slurry pit and then from the spring of 1984, Brown and I refusing to shut up about Gwynne et al and us coming from Tory families who knew some of the people in the Cabinet. I never told the Top Docs that, but the security services knew.
So as with Ken Clarke and the BMA, the battle between Thatch and those supping from what Tebbit memorably described as ‘the well-stocked wine cellars’ of Oxbridge ended in stalemate. Thatch won another election, the wine cellars remained well-stocked and it was everyone else not involved with the crime who was screwed because no-one, left, right or Humanist, would support me and my friends when the gangsters of the Westminster Paedophile Ring came after us.
In 1984, Huxley succeeded his longtime collaborator Alan Hodgkin as Master of Trinity College.
Huxley’s appointment broke the tradition that the office of Master of Trinity alternates between a scientist and an arts man, although it continued the tradition since the election of Rab Butler in 1965 that the Master of Trinity Knows About Dafydd and Gwynne.
Huxley was Master of Trinity until 1990 and was fond of reminding interviewers that Trinity College had more Nobel Prize winners than did the whole of France. This is a result of there being fewer people in France who knew about Dafydd and Gwynne as there are people at Trinity who knew about Dafydd and Gwynne, because Bertrand Russell was an alumnus and Fellow of Trinity. This is my theory and mine alone.
Huxley maintained up to his death his position as a fellow at Trinity, teaching in physiology, natural sciences and medicine. Huxley also became a fellow of Imperial College in 1980. A great many people at Imperial knew about Dafydd and Gwynne, for one reason because Patrick Blackett’s presence at Imperial was what gave it such an excellent reputation. Blackett’s mates at Imperial knew about Dafydd and Gwynne as did other people such as Prof Wynn Humphrey Davies, the son of a Liberal MP from north Wales and a UCNW graduate who subsequently worked at Imperial and then in retirement spent an era on the Bangor University Council, including as Chair of the Finance Committee. Every decision that Prof Wynn Humphrey Davies made was made with the welfare of Dafydd and Gwynne prioritised, as discussed in previous posts.
From the 1980s, Dafydd greatly benefited from the heroic attempts of Lord Brian Flowers – originally from Swansea but who found himself Rector of Imperial and then VC of London University – to transform every London medical school to serve the purposes of the Gang. Just for good measure, Flowers also served as VC of Manchester University. See previous posts.
Together with the Swiss physiologist Robert Stämpfli, Andrew Huxley also provided evidence of the existence of saltatory conduction in myelinated nerve fibres.
In 1976–77, Huxley was President of the British Science Association.
In 1947, Andrew Huxley married Jocelyn “Richenda” Gammell (née Pease), the daughter of the geneticist Michael Pease (a son of Edward R. Pease) and his wife Helen Bowen Wedgwood, eldest daughter of the first Lord Wedgwood (see also Darwin-Wedgwood family). They had one son and five daughters: Janet Rachel Huxley (born 20 April 1948), Stewart Leonard Huxley (born 19 December 1949), Camilla Rosalind Huxley (born 12 March 1952), Eleanor Bruce Huxley (born 21 February 1959), Henrietta Catherine Huxley (born 25 December 1960) and Clare Marjory Pease Huxley (born 4 November 1962).
Andrew Huxley died on 30 May 2012. He was survived by his six children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren. His wife Richenda, Lady Huxley, died in 2003, aged 78.
John Eccles won the Nobel Prize with Huxley and Hodgkin.
Sir John Eccles
John Carew Eccles
(1903-01-27)27 January 1903
|Died||2 May 1997(1997-05-02) (aged 94)|
|Alma mater||University of Melbourne (MD)
University of Oxford (DPhil)
|Known for||Work on the synapse|
|Spouse(s)||Irene Frances Miller Eccles
Helena T. Eccles
(1968–1997; his death)
|Fields||NeurosciencePhilosophy of Mind|
|Doctoral advisor||C. S. Sherrington|
|Influences||C. S. Sherrington
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Geobiography of John Eccles.|
Sir John Carew Eccles (27 January 1903- 2 May 1997) was an Australian neurophysiologist and philosopher. Eccles was born in Melbourne, initially attended Warrnambool High School (now Warrnambool College) , then completed his final year of schooling at Melbourne High School. He studied medicine at Melbourne University. Eccles graduated in 1925 and was awarded a Rhodes Scholarship to study under Charles Scott Sherrington at Magdalen College, Oxford University, where he received his PhD in 1929.
In 1937 Eccles returned to Australia, where he worked on military research during WW II. During this time Eccles was the Director of Kanematsu Institute at Sydney Medical School he and Bernard Katz gave research lectures at Sydney University, strongly influencing its intellectual environment.
After WW II, John Eccles became a Professor at the University of Otago in New Zealand. From 1952 to 1962 Eccles worked as a Professor at the John Curtin School of Medical Research (JCSMR) of the Australian National University. The Eccles Institute of Neuroscience has its HQ in a new wing of the JCSMR building; it was constructed with the assistance of a $63M grant from the Commonwealth Government and completed in March 2012.
In the early 1950s, Eccles and his colleagues performed the research that would lead to his receiving the Nobel Prize.
Until around 1949, Eccles believed that synaptic transmission was primarily electrical rather than chemical. Although he was wrong in this hypothesis, Eccles’ arguments led him and others to perform some of the experiments which proved chemical synaptic transmission.
Eccles was appointed a Knight Bachelor in 1958 in recognition of services to physiological research ie. for being wrong.
Eccles won the Australian of the Year Award in 1963, the same year in which he won the Nobel Prize.
Where would we have been if Eccles had not been wrong for such a long time, causing everyone to realise that he was wrong and thus setting the world on the path to the truth.
In 1964, Eccles became an honorary member of the American Philosophical Society, and in 1966 he moved to the United States to work at the Institute for Biomedical Research in Chicago. Unhappy with the working conditions there, he left to become a Professor at the University of Buffalo from 1968 until he retired in 1975. After retirement, Eccles moved to Switzerland and wrote on the mind-body problem.
In 1981, Eccles became a founding member of the World Cultural Council.
In 1990 Eccles was appointed a Companion of the Order of Australia (AC) in recognition of service to science, particularly in the field of neurophysiology.
John Eccles died on 2 May 1997 in Tenero-Contra, Locarno, Switzerland. Ronnie Waterhouse opened his Inquiry in Jan 1997 and suddenly suspended it in March, announcing that he was off to Hong Kong for a short holiday. While in Hong Kong, Ronnie bumped into Derry Irvine and they met for a meal, knowing that within a few weeks Derry would be Lord Chancellor.
On 24 April 1997 while Ronnie was in Hong Kong, Peter Howarth died in HMP Wakefield, three years after being sentenced for the abuse of boys in his care at Bryn Estyn. Heart attack. Ronnie returned from Hong Kong after Howarth’s death.
John Carew Eccles (right) with Czech psychiatrist Cyril Höschl (left) in 1993
Cyril Höschl (born 12 November 1949) was, after the Velvet Revolution the first freely elected Dean of the third Medical Faculty of Charles University (1990-97) and from 1997-2003 Hoschl served as Vice-Dean for Reform Studies and International Relations at the same Faculty. He was the Director of the Prague Psychiatric Centre, 1990-2014 and Head of the Department of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology of the Third Faculty of Medicine of the Charles University in Prague. On 1 January 2015 the Prague Psychiatric Centre was transformed into the National Institute of Mental Health in Klecany, the Czech Republic.
From 2007-2008 Hoschl served as President of the Association of European Psychiatrists, and then from 2008-2009, President of the Federation of European Academies of Medicine (FEAM). Hoschl is a founding member of the Czech Learned Society and from 2004-2011 he was also President of the Czech Medical Academy. Hoschl is a member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts and was a member of the European Brain Council (until Jan 2015). Since 1996 Hoschl has been a Member, and since 2003 a Fellow, of the Royal College of Psychiatrists, UK.
Dafydd and the Gang involved themselves with European psychiatry from the early 1990s. During the Waterhouse Inquiry they used their links with European practitioners as evidence of the excellence of the mental health services in north Wales and Dafydd was described in media articles in north Wales as ‘Europe’s leading forensic psychiatrist’. We thought that it was such a laugh that F rang Dafydd pretending to be a long lost friend from Liverpool University who had read about Dafydd being Europe’s leading and was getting in touch to congratulate him. Dafydd was very suspicious at first and kept interrogating re what years were you at Liverpool medical school etc, so F just went straight in there and said ‘I hear that you’re Europe’s leading forensic psychiatrist Dafydd, I’m so proud to have known you’ and Dafydd immediately dropped his guard and admitted that yes he was Europe’s leading. We told Tony Francis that Dafydd was so mad he believed his own lies, such as that he was Europe’s leading and Francis tried to whitewash it all and went on about everyone believing myths about themselves, so we laughed even more and then Francis told us that Dafydd has ‘had a lot of pain in his life’. So has everyone who has ever encountered him.
Furthermore, not only is Dafydd not Europe’s leading anything, he is not actually a forensic psychiatrist, Dafydd is a general psychiatrist, but everyone was happy to back up the bare-faced lies published in the media about him when the Gang were busy building their business interests in the rapidly expanding EU, including with people at the Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, an institution which numbered Angela Merkel’s brother Marcus Kasner as one of those who earned his Habilitation there in 2002. See eg. ‘The Two Cultures Of Organised Abuse’.
Despite these words, in his book How the Self Controls Its Brain, Eccles proposed a dualistic mechanism of mind.
Eccles had nine children. Eccles married Irene Eccles in 1928 and divorced in 1968. After his divorce in 1968, Eccles married Helena Táboríková; a fellow neuropsychologist and M.D. of Charles University. The two often collaborated in research and they remained married until his death a few days after Peter Howarth pegged out. Eccles was buried in Switzerland.
Now for Sir Bernard Katz, Eccles’s junior colleague. Bernard Katz (26 March 1911-20 April 2003) was a German-born Australian Top Doc who shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1970 with Julius Axelrod and Ulf von Euler. Bernard Katz’s obituary that appeared in ‘The Guardian’, written by Anthony Tucker, tells us much:
World renowned for his investigation of the biochemistry of the nervous system and of the function of the mysterious pineal gland in the brain, Sir Bernard Katz, who has died aged 92, was one of the brilliant young German physiologists who sought sanctuary in Britain after Adolf Hitler came into power in his homeland in 1933.
Katz’s discovery in the 1950s of the “quantum” character of nerve junction biochemistry transformed scientific perception of the nature of signal processing in the nervous system. For this work he received a knighthood in 1969 and, in 1970, shared the Nobel Prize for physiology of medicine with Julius Axelrod of America and Ulf von Euler of Sweden.
By the 1950s, unravelling the regulation and transmission of nerve impulses and the biochemistry of hormones controlling brain function had become key areas of research. Two major extrinsic factors were driving this forward: the need to understand the effects on the central nervous system of organochlorine and organophosphorus compounds, the basis of nerve gases and the emerging pest control compounds; and the possibility that detailed understanding would bear rewards in new areas of medicine.
Medical optimism was rather prematurely emphasised in the 1970 Nobel citation delivered by Professor Uvnas of the Karolinska Institute. “It is my belief that in the near future this research on chemical transmission will lead to a better understanding of the intimate nature of mental disease and psychical disturbances. Through these new ways treatment will be opened.” While Axelrod and von Euler worked primarily on the role and storage of noradrenalin as a transmitter substance at nerve ends, Katz studied the biochemical cycle in neuromuscular function of acetylcholine, a substance whose role as a neuro-transmitter had been confirmed in the 1930s by Sir Henry Dale and his colleagues.
Lethal paralysis resulting from the blocking of the acetylcholine cycle is one of the effects of organophosphorus nerve agents. The choice made by Katz in the immediate postwar years was influenced strongly by the department head, Professor Hill, who was not only a great physiologist but also served as wartime cabinet scientific adviser under Winston Churchill and remained an informal adviser in Whitehall’s corridors of governmental power for many years. Uppermost among the mysteries of neural signal transmission was how discrete electrical impulses travelling along a nerve fibre as a sequence of similar “spikes” whose frequency related directly to their resulting physical function could somehow cross the large gap observed at each nerve junction, very quickly and without being changed. Dale had shown that transmission could not be electrical and that acetylcholine was involved. Katz unravelled the detailed biochemistry of the dynamic cycle that carries signals across the gap in the wiring between nerve endings and the “effector” cells in muscle which they control.
Katz’s contribution was built upon the work of many other scientists, but he unravelled the central role of acetylcholine and its key enzymes, going on to show that even when a nerve is inactive, the acetylcholine cycle at junctions continues to tick over, transmitting a tiny reassurance bleep that tells the system that the connections are working. His major discovery was that this “resting” signal depends, not on individual molecules, but on the release of small packets (quanta) of transmitter substance, each of several thousand molecules. When these cross the junction after release from cellular storage vesicles, they release a capacitor-like electrical signal stored on the opposite side of the gap. The underlying enzyme cycle, involving production and inactivation of transmitter substances crucial to normal nerve function, was revealed as highly vulnerable to disruption.
Katz went on to show that the single “packet” of molecules, characteristic of the resting signal, is the minimum amount that can produce a corresponding signal in the receiving nerve cell. As signal strength rises through increased frequency of impulses, this is mirrored rapidly by a stepwise increase in the release of acetylcholine packets across the junction. Katz proved the first perception of neural function at the molecular interaction level, the basis of modern psychopharmacology.
In his later years, Katz sought to unravel the biochemistry of the pineal gland, investigating in particular the biochemical mechanism leading to the production of melatonin, first identified in the pineal gland in 1948. In frogs and other amphibia the pineal acts as a third eye, responding directly to light and controlling skin colour and several other functions. In humans, however, its role remains obscure.
With others, Katz showed that in some mammals pineal production of melatonin is triggered indirectly by light by means of signals from the retina. Like others, he was unable to demonstrate the biochemical pathways of the pineal’s apparent role in early sexual development, in circadian rhythms and in subjective brain function such as mood. However, his interest in brain function and its control remained with him throughout his life.
Katz’s schooling was at the Albert Gymnasium in Leipzig. He then went on to the University of Leipzig, where he graduated in medicine in 1934. In 1935, he left Germany because the Russian-Jewish origin of his family meant certain persecution under the Nazi regime. He chose AV Hill’s laboratory at UCL because of its strong research tradition in physiology, particularly in muscle structure and function.
In 1938, after gaining his PhD, he was awarded a Carnegie Fellowship in Australia as a medical research fellow at Sydney Hospital under Sir John Eccles. There he stayed until 1942. Naturalised in 1941, he joined the Royal Australian Air Force in 1942 and, until the end of the war, he worked on radar in the south-west Pacific.
Shortly before returning to Hill’s laboratory at UCL in 1947 as assistant director of research, he married Marguerite Penly from Cremone, New South Wales. In the immediate postwar era, although based at UCL, Katz spent much of his time working at Cambridge and at the Marine Laboratory, Plymouth, with Sir Alan Hodgkin and Sir Andrew Huxley. They were then engaged in research that unravelled the electrochemical transmission of signals within squid nerve fibres, for which they shared the 1963 Nobel Prize for physiology of medicine.
The Hodgkin-Huxley work on signal transmission in the giant nerve axon of the squid had been made possible by the work of the outstanding British physiologist JZ Young, carried out – like that of Henry Dale – in the 1930s. All the stars in the brilliant postwar neurophysiology group in Britain, of which Katz was a member, were thus truly apprentices to earlier genius.
‘My grandfather was PM when Queen Victoria was on the throne you know’.
Katz was reader in physiology at UCL from 1950 to 1951. He became professor of biophysics and head of the biophysics department at the college in 1952. He was to remain there until 1978, when he became emeritus professor and honorary research fellow.
His publications included Electric Excitation Of Nerve (1939), Nerve Muscle And Synapse (1966) and The Release Of Neural Transmitter Substances (1969). Among awards from America, Germany, Japan and many other parts of the world, he received the Royal Society’s coveted Copley Medal in 1967. He was the biological secretary and a vice president of the Royal Society from 1968 to 1976 and, after his retirement in 1974, remained active in research council and other science administration.
Katz was an intense and intensely private man who played life like a game of chess, a game that, characteristically, he played fiercely and remarkably well. His wife predeceased him in 1999. He is survived by their two sons.
Bernard Katz was knighted in 1969.
Katz married Marguerite Penly in 1945. He died in London on 20 April 2003, at the age of 92. He is survived by his two sons, David and Jonathan. Jonathan is Public Orator of Oxford University.
David Katz has featured previously on the blog. He is an immunologist and when I met him in 1987 he was based at UCL which was in the process of merging with Gwynne’s alma mater the Middlesex. David Katz was a big mate of the cheats and fraudsters at Hammersmith Hospital who were at the time taking phone calls from Dafydd about me which breached confidentiality and God knows what else without my knowledge. David Katz was himself involved with behind closed doors deals and favours with regard to Hammersmith. I had an interesting conversation with David Katz; at the time the Top Docs were Rising Up Against Thatch and the BMA’s battle with Ken Clarke had begun. David Katz was very cross with Thatch and he told me that the Gov’t was ‘after the London consultants because they don’t like what we do; we look after the poor’. David Katz assured me that Thatch did not know what she was taking on, they would win, hands down, they had their plan ready….
You might have had the decency to tell me that wrecking my career was a central plank of the plan David!
I’ll wait for Dr Katz, Top Doc in UCH/UCL where his dad Sir Bernard – Nobel Prize winner, one of that collection of neurophysiology geniuses, worked for so many years – to contribute to my compensation, seeing that unlike his colleagues I haven’t Told Lies to get it… Dr Katz sat up there with the many other scumbags who were killing patients, trafficking them, fabricating their data, including with Jocelyn Chamberlain, wife of Mr Big of the Westminster Paedophile Ring, for years…
David’s dad Bernard’s senior colleague Prof. A.V. Hill really was something else; a mate of Bertrand Russell’s no less!
Archibald Vivian Hill
|Born||(1886-09-26)26 September 1886
|Died||3 June 1977(1977-06-03) (aged 90)
|Alma mater||Trinity College, Cambridge|
|Known for||Mechanical work in muscles
Muscle contraction model
Hill equation (biochemistry)
|Awards||Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1922)
Royal Medal (1926)
Copley Medal (1948)
|Fields||Physiology and biophysics|
University of Manchester
University College, London
|Academic advisors||Walter Morley Fletcher|
|Notable students||Bernard C. Abbott
Ralph H. Fowler
Archibald Vivian Hill (26 September 1886-3 June 1977), known as A. V. Hill, shared the 1922 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Hill was born in Bristol, educated at Blundell’s School in Devon and graduated from Trinity College, Cambridge as third wrangler in the mathematics tripos before turning to physiology. Hill was Of Bertrand Russell’s circle…
Hill took the Chair in Physiology at the Victoria University of Manchester in 1920. In 1923 Hill succeeded Ernest Starling as Professor of Physiology at UCL, a few years later becoming a Royal Society Research Professor there, where he remained until retirement in 1951. My post ‘The Great Stink’ discussed the role of Starling and his colleagues in the Brown Dog Affair at UCL, the huge row which erupted over the torturing to death in public of a dog in the cause of a demonstration to medical students. It was cruel even by the standards of the day and it resulted in a riot, protests and fist fights between medical students, suffragettes and anti-vivisectionists.
In 1933, Hill became, with Lord Beveridge and Lord Rutherford, a founder member and Vice-President of the Academic Assistance Council (which in 1936 became the Society for the Protection of Science and Learning). By the start of WW II, the organisation had saved 900 academics (18 of whom went on to win Nobel Prizes) from Nazi persecution. Hill prominently displayed in his laboratory a toy figure of Adolf Hitler with saluting arm upraised, which he explained was in gratitude for all the scientists Germany had expelled, some of whom were now working with him. Hill believed that “Laughter is the best detergent for nonsense”.
In 1935 Hill served with Patrick Blackett and Sir Henry Tizard on the committee that gave birth to radar. Henry Tizard was the father of Peter Tizard, the London paediatrician who was a big cog in the Westminster Paedophile Ring; Peter Tizard’s brother Richard Tizard was a Cambridge academic, a founding Fellow of Churchill College, who had a very great desire to involve primary school children in the JCR. Their brother David was a GP. See previous posts, including ‘The Two Cultures Of Organised Abuse’. Hill was also biological secretary of the Royal Society; William Henry Bragg (see previous posts for details of the father and son Bragg team, who were also part of the same network) was President.
When WW II broke out, Hill led a campaign to liberate refugee scientists who had been interned. He served as MP for Cambridge University 1940-45. In 1940 Hill was posted to the British Embassy in Washington to promote war research in the still neutral United States. He was authorized to swap secrets with the Americans…
After the war Hill carried on his research at UCL. In 1951 his advocacy was rewarded by the establishment of a Biophysics Department under his leadership. In 1952 Hill became head of the British Association for the Advancement of Science and Secretary General of the International Union of Scientific Organizations. He was President of the Marine Biological Association 1955-60. In 1967 Hill retired to Cambridge. He died “held in the greatest affection by more than a hundred scientific descendants all over the world”.
Hill died five months before Andrew Newton shot Norman Scott’s dog dead and then tried to kill Norman because he had been paid by an agent of Mr Thrope to do so. See previous posts.
Sir Geoffrey Keynes was a slightly earlier version of Sir Charles Evans, a mountaineering Top Doc. Geoffrey Keynes worked as a Top Doc at Barts, climbed regularly with George Mallory (see previous posts) and it is claimed that he saved Virginia Woolf’s life after an overdose. Geoffrey Keynes married Margaret Darwin, granddaughter of Charles Darwin and they had five children who all became eminent Top Docs, scientists, writers etc:
- Harriet Frances Keynes (1918–1918)
- Richard Darwin Keynes (1919–2010)
- Quentin George Keynes (1921–2003)
- William Milo Keynes (1924–2009)
- Stephen John Keynes (1927–2017)
Geoffrey and his extended family spent their lives in the bosom of those we know and love, the extended network of grand people who propped up Dafydd and Gwynne… Barts was of course the hospital in which Lord Snowdon’s grandfather Robert Armstrong-Jones trained as a Top Doc and of which his father Ronald Armstrong-Jones was a Governor. Furthermore, Dafydd and Gwynne’s pal Lady Juliet Bingley worked as a social worker at Barts and her father, Reginald Vick, was a Barts surgeon who wielded great influence there for decades and continued to do so after his retirement. See previous posts…
A.V. Hill and Margaret had two sons and two daughters:
- Polly Hill (1914–2005), economist and social anthropologist who married K.A.C. Humphreys, registrar of the West African Examinations Council. Polly never held down a mainstream salaried job as a social anthropologist but she’ll have known all the right people, the Francis Huxleys, the Isabel Emmetts and the Eric Sunderlands will have ensured that they toadied as well.
- David Keynes Hill (1915–2002), physiologist and graduate of Trinity College, Cambridge who married Stella Mary Humphrey
- Maurice Hill (1919–1966), a Cambridge oceanographer who married Philippa Pass. Their daughter is the Cambridge astrophysicist Julia Riley.
- Janet Hill (1918–2000) child psychiatrist who married the immunologist John Herbert Humphrey.
The Royal College of Physicians ‘Lives Of The Fellows’ online has an obituary for John Herbert Humphrey. Here are the highlights:
John Herbert Humphrey
b.6 December 1916 d.25 December 1987
CBE(1970) BA Cantab(1931) MB BChir(1940) MD(1947) FRS(1963) FRCP(1971)
John Humphrey was born in West Byfleet. His father was one of seven children of the town clerk of Finsbury, London, who attended the Finsbury Technical College and became the chief engineer and later the consulting chemical engineer to ICI.
Finsbury was part of the big north London ring that encompassed the Bloomsbury Group contingent
One of his aunts was also an industrial chemist. John himself was the senior scholar (aulae praefectus) at Winchester and subsequently a governor. His interest in science, his desire to study medicine – and not engineering – as a humanitarian activity, and his concern for the welfare of others, were established there and were much influenced by R L M (Dick) Synge. He went to Trinity College, Cambridge, and obtained his BA in 1937. Like many of his generation, he was moved by the desire for a better society to join the Communist party, but left at the time of the German-Russian pact in 1939. He met his wife, who later became a child psychiatrist, at University College Hospital, her father was the Foulerton research professor of physiology at University College and a Nobel Laureate. Her maternal grandfather, a Nobel prize winner, was J N Keynes; she was a niece of Sir Geoffrey Keynes and a great niece of Sir Walter Langdon-Brown. John Humphrey became a close friend of his father-in-law, A V Hill…
John worked with Charles R Harington, as a medical student… He graduated from University College Hospital medical school in 1940 and was so fascinated by research that he boasted that he did the minimal work necessary to pass. He was a houseman at the Hammersmith Hospital, and was the Jenner research student at the Lister Institute, 1941-42… He was assistant pathologist at the Central Middlesex Hospital from 1943-46, covering all branches of pathology, and was in sympathy with the medical director, Horace Joules…His MD thesis, 1946, was on ‘The aetiology of pneumonia in North West London 1942-44’. He joined the external staff of the Medical Research Council as a bacteriologist at University College Hospital in 1946….
John then joined the National Institute of Medical Research at Hampstead (division of biological standards) where he established, with J W Lightbown, many international standards for antibiotics. He then moved to the Mill Hill site and founded the division of immunology in 1957. He regarded a division which started with two scientists, (Dr B A (Eta) Askonas and Dr Brigid Balfour, who had also been at Cambridge) two technicians and space for 1-2 visiting workers as large enough to be viable. There was no need to submit a detailed scientific programme to the MRC as the philosophy was to support good scientists. He was deputy director of the NIMR, 1961-76, and acting director following Sir Peter Medawar’s (q.v.) stroke in 1969. The substantive post was given to a ‘tougher’ man. In 1975, John was professor of immunology at the Royal Postgraduate Medical School, Hammersmith, and emeritus professor in 1981. He… also supervised the department of haematology.
So John Humphrey knew all about the research fraud, criminality, Hugh Bentall, etc…
The postwar era was an outstanding time at the NIMR. There was a renaissance of immunology and John embodied the pioneering feeling of the period…By way of example, studies with K F (Frank) Austen… work with Stephen Black showed that the erythema of the tuberculin skin reaction could be inhibited by hypnotic suggestion.
This work may now be discredited; at one point the Top Docs attempted to demonstrate that a great many physical conditions were psychosomatic and could be resolved by psychological methods. While such conditions do exist, the Top Docs took matters to extremes and a lot of seriously ill people paid a very high price.
… His interest in the localization of antigen in germinal centres led to collaboration with Michael Sela of the Weizmann Institute, Israel…A visiting worker interested in genetics, Hugh O McDevitt, followed up this observation which led to his pioneering work on immune response genes…. Overall, John Humphrey was intellectually generous, did not seek credit for himself and encouraged openness in those around him. He liked medically trained workers and had a flair for collaboration.
A Top Docs’ closed network with extra cronyism then…
As head of division, he helped members of the department to look for important questions and elegant approaches. The number of papers wasentirely unimportant.
That could have been because there weren’t many.
He helped scientists find and develop their own areas of interest, and their own approaches, rather than learn a set of techniques or contribute to the long term themes of the department.
Do want you want, as little as you want, you’re my mates and no-one is going to touch us.
He enjoyed and elicited lively discussion, often over coffee at the bench, but had little liking for regular departmental presentations…
They didn’t even do the obligatory seminars then.
John’s advice to members of the department who wanted to know what to do next was – to experiment and find out. For him science was fun, both intellectually in designing elegant experiments and discussing exciting ideas, and practically as he enjoyed working with his hands and was a gifted experimentalist. His approach was not primarily theoretical and he emphasized the role of serendipity in biology, i.e. observations made casually at the bench.
While dossing about aimlessly
He had an enormous breadth of knowledge. John was one of the last of the ‘general’ immunologists able to work usefully in many areas of immunology and proud of his range. He was an excellent discussantat meetings and went out of his way to talk to and advise young scientists.
So Humphrey did the jollies with the free buffet and wine and had a good chat to everyone although not much got done back at Hammersmith
The financial stringency and the changing political scene of the ’70s made this general approach less popular, but it is not clear that the more directed ‘value for money’ research of the ’80s provides a better method for studying natural phenomena.
No, it didn’t work as it should, but that’s because the likes of John Humphrey just sang ‘We’re going to tell, we’re going to tell…’ every time that it looked as though the gravy train might come to an end. The whole of UCNW did it en masse, thousands of them and it proved a highly successful strategy… After all, John Humphrey looked like a Clever Scientist:
His scientific standing was recognized by the Royal Society in 1963, by the College in 1971, and by the US National Academy of Science in 1986. He was an honorary member of several societies including the South African Society of Pathology, 1975; the Purkinje Medical Society of Czechoslovakia, 1977, and the Hungarian Society for Immunology, 1981.
John Humphrey regarded the advancement of immunology as very important. Together with Robin A Coombs, he started the British Society for Immunology as a splinter group from the Pathological Society.
Which will have made him seem busy and ensured that no-one was over him to scrutinise.
He was co-editor and assistant editor of Immunology for 10 years. His interest in Eastern Europe facilitated the meeting on the Mechanisms of Antibody Formation in Prague, 1959. His international interests also led him to serve on the WHO expert committee on biological standardization and immunology.
He was president of the International Union of Immunological Societies, and chairman of the organizing committee for the Second International Congress of Immunology in Great Britain, 1974. He was also chairman of the advisory board of the Basle Institute for Immunology. He served as secretary of the standing committee on safeguards of the pursuit of science of the International Council of Scientific Unions.
John placed great value on his work for peace, but he was not a pacifist. He took part in the second Aldermaston March, and other activities of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND).
‘Just mention my name…’
He was also president of the Medical Campaign against Nuclear Weapons, and wrote against bacteriological and chemical warfare. He repeatedly wrote and acted on behalf of Russian, South American, and other scientists and doctors who had been badly treated.
John had developed pulmonary tuberculosis during the war and… severe deafness… Fortunately he had a robust constitution and would work indefatigably even when he had a fever. He was at peace with himself, and had time for many things and for many people. Some time after his brother’s death he became a ward of his nephew and niece, and later brought up his nephew with his own five children. He remained active until two days before his death on Christmas Day, continuing to work with a technician… John’s strong feeling for the world in which we live, his effective desire to help other people, and his sophisticated straightforwardness, provided a model of proper behaviour.
- John Humphrey died on 25 Dec 1987. So he lived long enough to see Ollie Brooke released early from prison on appeal, after hundreds of Top Docs sent letters to Lord Chief Justice Geoffrey Lane, reassuring Lane that Ollie was a Really Great Bloke. See eg. ‘Oliver!’.
I have not been able to find out anything about John Humphrey’s child psychiatrist wife Janet, other than she died in 2000, the year that the Waterhouse Report was published. Janet trained at UCL which was one of the institutions that facilitated the Westminster Paedophile Ring. Marjorie Wallace’s husband Andrew Skarbek worked as a psychiatrist there, so Janet learned alongside the very best. See eg. post ‘One Dangerous Fucker’.
Bernard Katz’s fellow Nobel laureate Julius Axelrod was born in New York City, the son of Jewish immigrants from Poland. He received his Bachelor’s degree from the College of the City of New York in 1933. Axelrod wanted to become a Top Doc, but was rejected from every medical school to which he applied. He worked briefly as a laboratory technician at New York University, then in 1935 he got a job with the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene testing vitamin supplements added to food. While working at the Department of Health, Axelrod attended night school and received his master’s in sciences degree from New York University in 1941.
In 1946, Axelrod took a position working under Bernard Brodie at Goldwater Memorial Hospital.Brodie launched Axelrod’s research career. Brodie and Axelrod’s research focused on how pain-killers work. During the 1940s, users of non-aspirin drugs were developing the blood condition methemoglobinaemia. Axelrod and Brodie discovered that acetanilide, the main ingredient of these pain-killers, was to blame. They found that one of the metabolites was also an analgesic and recommended that this metabolite, acetaminophen (paracetamol), be used instead.
In 1949, Axelrod began work at the National Heart Institute, forerunner of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). He examined the mechanisms and effects of caffeine and during this time Axelrod also conducted research on codeine, morphine, methamphetamine and ephedrine, and performed some of the first experiments on LSD. Realizing that he could not advance his career without a PhD, Axelrod took a leave of absence from the NIH in 1954 to attend George Washington University Medical School. Allowed to submit some of his previous research toward his degree, Axelrod graduated one year later, in 1955. Axelrod then returned to the NIH and began some of the key research of his career.
Axelrod’s work on MAO inhibitors in 1957 led to him conducting the research that laid the groundwork for the development of SSRIs, such as Prozac.
Some of Axelrod’s later research focused on the pineal gland and the role of melatonin in the body’s circadian rhythms. It was upon this research that some members of Vincent Marks’s research team at the University of Surrey were building, led by Jo Arendt and Prof Debra Skene. Vincent was the brother of Dr John Marks, the then BMA Chairman who was doing battle with Ken Clarke. No wonder that team containing Jo and Debra went from strength to strength, I was working in the lab next door, we all shared a tea room and they knew some of what was happening to me at the hands of the Gang. See previous posts for info on Debra et al.
Julius Axelrod was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1971. He continued to work at the National Institute of Mental Health at the NIH until his death in 2004.
Axelrod and Katz shared the Nobel with Ulf Svante von Euler (7 February 1905-9 March 1983). Ulf S. von Euler was born inn Stockholm, the son of Hans von Euler-Chelpin, a Professor of Chemistry and Astrid Cleve, a Professor of Botany and Zoology. Hans was German and the recipient of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1929 and Ulf’s maternal grandfather was Per Teodor Cleve, Professor of Chemistry at the Uppsala University who discovered the elements thulium and holmium.
Ulf’s great-great-great-great grandfather was Leonhard Euler (15 April 1707-18 September 1783), the Swiss mathematician, physicist, astronomer, logician and engineer, who made important and influential discoveries eg. infinitesimal calculus and graph theory, and pioneering contributions to topology and analytic number theory. Leonhard Euler also introduced much of the modern mathematical terminology and notation, particularly for mathematical analysis, such as the notion of a mathematical function. Leonhard is also known for his work in mechanics, fluid dynamics, optics, astronomy and music theory. Euler was one of the most eminent mathematicians of the 18th century and is held to be one of the greatest in history. He is also widely considered to be the most prolific mathematician of all time. Euler’s collected works fill 92 volumes.
The expressed phenotype for Winning A Nobel Prize:
Ulf studied medicine at the Karolinska Institute At Karolinska, after his medical training, Ulf subsequently undertook research into vasoconstriction and presented his doctoral thesis in 1930. He was appointed as Assistant Professor in Pharmacology in the same year, with the support of G. Liljestrand. From 1930 to 1931, Ulf undertook post-doc studies abroad. He studied with Sir Henry Dale in London and with I. de Burgh Daly in Birmingham. von Ulf then studied with Corneille Heymans in Belgium and with Gustav Embden in Frankfurt. Euler returned to London and worked with A.V. Hill in 1934 and G. L. Brown in 1938. From 1946 to 1947, Ulf worked with Eduardo Braun-Menéndez in the Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental in Buenos Aires.
Ulf’s nose for sniffing out the best mentors was demonstrated when Dale, Heymans, Hill and Houssay went onto receive the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
In 1981, von Euler became a founding member of the World Cultural Council.
From 1930 to 1957, von Euler was married to Jane Sodenstierna. They had four children: Hans Leo, scientist administrator at the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.A.; Johan Christopher, anaesthesiologist, Serafimer Hospital, Stockholm; Ursula Katarina, Ph.D., curator at The Royal Collections, the Royal Court, Stockholm, Sweden; and Marie Jane, Chemical Engineer, Melbourne, Australia.
In 1939 von Euler was appointed Full Professor of Physiology at the Karolinska Institute, where he remained until 1971. From 1953 von Euler was very active in the Nobel Foundation, being a member of the Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine and Chairman of the Nobel Foundation, 1965-75.
Von Euler served as Vice-President of the International Union of Physiological Sciences from 1965 to 1971. Among the many honorary titles and prizes von Euler received in addition to the Nobel, were the Gairdner Prize (1961), the Jahre Prize (1965), the Stouffer Prize (1967), the Carl Ludwig Medaille (1953), the Schmiedeberg Plaquette (1969), La Madonnina (1970), many honorary doctorates from universities around the world, as well as the membership to several erudite, medical and scientific societies.
Re Everyone’s Big Mate, A.V. Hill, there is of course a plaque:
On 9 September 2015 the English Heritage Blue Plaque was erected at Hill’s former home, 16 Bishopswood Road, Highgate, where he had lived, 1923-1967. Since then the house had been divided into flats and owned by Highgate School, where Hill was a Governor, 1929-60. In Hill’s time, according to his grandson Nicholas Humphrey, regular guests at the house included 18 exiled Nobel laureates, his brother-in-law, the economist John Maynard Keynes, and friends Stephen Hawking and Sigmund Freud. After-dinner conversations in the drawing room would inevitably involve passionate debates about science or politics. “Every Sunday we would have to attend a tea party at grandpa’s house and apart from entertaining some extraordinary guests, he would devise some great games for us, such as frog racing in the garden or looking through the lens of a (dissected) sheep’s eye.”
A.V. Hill’s grandson ie. John Herbert Humphrey’s son:
Nicholas Keynes Humphrey
27 March 1943
|Alma mater||Trinity College, Cambridge|
(m. 1967; div. 1977)
Ayla Kohn (m. 1994)
|Awards||Mind & Brain Prize (2015)|
|Institutions||London School of Economics|
|Doctoral advisor||Lawrence Weiskrantz|
|Doctoral students||Dylan Evans|
Nicholas Keynes Humphrey (born 27 March 1943) is an English neuropsychologist, based in Cambridge, who is known for his work on the evolution of primate intelligence and consciousness. Humphrey studied mountain gorillas with Dian Fossey in Rwanda, he proposed the celebrated theory of the “social function of intellect” and he is the only scientist ever to edit the literary journal ‘Granta’.
Humphrey played a significant role in the anti-nuclear movement in the late 1970s and delivered the BBC Bronowski memorial lecture titled “Four Minutes to Midnight” in 1981.
Humphrey has been the recipient of several honours, including the Martin Luther King Memorial Prize, the Pufendorf Medal and the British Psychological Society’s book award. He has been lecturer in psychology at Oxford, Assistant Director of the Subdepartment of Animal Behaviour at Cambridge, senior research fellow at Cambridge, Professor of Psychology at the New School for Social Research, New York and Professor at the LSE.
Humphrey married the anthropologist Caroline Waddington, daughter of C. H. Waddington, in 1967 (they divorced in 1977). Being married to Conrad Hal Waddington’s daughter will have sent Nicholas Humphrey straight in the Gang’s direction. Conrad Hal Waddington attended Clifton College and Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge. In 1928, Waddington was awarded an Arnold Gerstenberg Studentship in the University of Cambridge, the purpose of which was to promote “the study of Moral Philosophy and Metaphysics among students of Natural Science, both men and women.” He took up a Lecturership in Zoology and was a Fellow of Christ’s College until 1942. His friends included Gregory Bateson, Walter Gropius, C. P. Snow, Solly Zuckerman, Joseph Needham, and John Desmond Bernal In other words, many of the crowd who knew Patrick Blackett et al and were discussed in ‘The Two Cultures Of Organised Abuse’.
During WW II Waddington was involved in operational research with the RAF and became scientific advisor to the Commander in Chief of Coastal Command, 1944-45.
In 1947, Waddington was appointed Professor of Animal Genetics at Edinburgh University. He stayed at Edinburgh for the rest of his life with the exception of one year (1960–1961) when he was a Fellow on the faculty in the Center for Advanced Studies at Wesleyan University in Middletown, Connecticut. In 1972, Waddington founded the Centre for Human Ecology at Edinburgh University.
Nicholas Humphrey’s first wife is now Professor Dame Caroline Humphrey aka Lady Rees of Ludlow. Dame Caroline’s mother was her father’s second wife, Margaret Justin Blanco White (daughter of the writer Amber Reeves); she has a younger sister, the mathematician Dusa McDuff and an elder half-brother, the physicist C. Jake Waddington, by her father’s first marriage.
The Dame received her BA in Social Anthropology from Girton College, Cambridge. Her PhD, completed in 1973, was entitled Magical Drawings in the Religion of the Buryat. She received the Rivers Memorial Medal in 1999 and, in 2003, an Honorary Doctorate from the National University of Mongolia. The Dame was awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the University of Bolton in 2017 for her outstanding Contribution to the field of Anthropology.
The Dame has conducted research in Siberia, Nepal, India, Mongolia, China (Inner Mongolia), Uzbekistan and Ukraine. In 1966, the Dame was one of the first anthropologists from a western country to be allowed to do fieldwork in the USSR. Her PhD (1973) focussed on Buryat religious iconography and ensuing research topics have included Soviet collective farms, the farming economy in India and Tibet, Jainist culture in India, and environmental and cultural conservation in Inner Asia.
Between 1971 and 1978, the Dame undertook research and official fellowships at Girton College, Cambridge and at the Scott Polar Research Institute. From 1978 to 1983 the Dame lectured at the Department of Social Anthropology at Cambridge University, before becoming a Director of Studies in Archaeology and Anthropology in 1984-89, and 1992-96. The Dame has held the posts of University Reader in Asian Anthropology, University of Cambridge, 1995–98; University Professor of Asian Anthropology, 1998–2006; Visiting Professor at the University of Michigan, 2000; and Rausing Professorship of Collaborative Anthropology, 2006–10.
The Dame co-founded the Mongolia and Inner Asia Studies Unit (MIASU) in 1986 at Cambridge. She retired from her post as Sigrid Rausing Professor of Collaborative Anthropology at Cambridge University to become Voluntary Research Director of MIASU in October 2010. The Dame has been a Fellow of King’s College, Cambridge since 1978.
In 2010, the Dame completed a monograph, jointly authored with Hurelbaatar Ujeed, entitled A Monastery in Time: the Making of Mongolian Buddhism. The book was the culmination of much fieldwork and visits, from 1995, to Mergen Monastery in the Urad region of Inner Mongolia (China), where a distinctive form of Mongolian-language Buddhism has been upheld since the 18th century.
In the 2011 New Year Honours, the Dame was appointed a Dame (DBE) ‘for services to scholarship’.
In 1986, the Dame married Martin Rees and became Lady Rees after Martin was appointed a Knight Bachelor in 1992. Martin became Lord Rees in 2005, so Caroline must now be Dame Lady Lady Professor Caroline. Readers will have heard of Martin, EVERYONE has heard of Martin Rees, he’s That Famous Astronomer.
Martin Rees has been Astronomer Royal since 1995, was Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, 2004-12 and President of the Royal Society, 2005-10.
Martin became Astronomer Royal the year that Bing Spear and Peter Morrison were found dead, the year that Brown was sacked from Aston University and the year that the world was told that the North Wales Hospital Denbigh had closed down and Dafydd had retired when neither was true…
Rees was born in York and his family eventually settled in a rural part of Shropshire near the border with Wales. There, his parents founded Bedstone College, a boarding school based on progressive educational concepts. Rees was educated at Bedstone College, then from the age of 13 at Shrewsbury School, as were so many supporters of the Gang. See previous posts. Rees studied maths at Trinity College, Cambridge and then completed his PhD at Cambridge. After holding postdoc positions in the United Kingdom and the United States, Rees taught at Sussex University and Cambridge University where he was the Plumian Professor until 1991 and the Director of the Institute of Astronomy.
From 1992 to 2003, Rees was Royal Society Research Professor, and from 2003 Professor of Cosmology and Astrophysics. He was Professor of Astronomy at Gresham College, London, in 1975 and became FRS in 1979. Rees holds Visiting Professorships at Imperial and at Leicester University. He is a fellow of Darwin College, Cambridge and an Honorary Fellow of King’s College, Clare Hall and Jesus College, Cambridge.
Rees believes that the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence is worthwhile, although the chance of success is small.
Rees has written and spoken extensively about the problems and challenges of the 21st century, and the interfaces between science, ethics and politics. He is a member of the Board of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, the Oxford Martin School and the Gates Cambridge Trust. Martin Rees co-founded the Centre for the Study of Existential Risk and serves on the Scientific Advisory Board for the Future of Life Institute. Rees has been a Trustee of the British Museum, the Science Museum and that job creation scheme for the children of Labour Cabinet Ministers and insiders, the IPPR. Martin is a member of the Labour Party.
Among Martin’s millions of Gold Medals, Awards, Honours etc he was awarded the Order of Merit by Lilibet in 2007 and he won the Templeton Prize in 2011.
As ever, a great many paths seem to lead to a rather less prepossessing creature:
From 1977 to 1984 Nicholas Humphrey was the partner of the English actress who epitomised the Swinging 60s, Susannah York. I’m not even going to try to map Susannah York’s network in this post. In 1994 Nicholas married Ayla Kohn, with whom he has two children, Ada (born 1995) and Samuel (born 1997).
Sir Ralph Kohn who proposed the Blue plaque for A.V. Hill said: “The Nobel Prize winner A. V. Hill contributed vastly to our understanding of muscle physiology. His work has resulted in wide-ranging application in sports medicine. As an outstanding Humanitarian and Parliamentarian, he was uncompromising in his condemnation of the Nazi regime for its persecution of scientists and others. A.V. Hill played a crucial role in assisting and rescuing many refugees to continue their work in this country.”
Sir Ralph Kohn (9 December 1927-11 November 2016) was the recipient of the Queen’s Award for Export Achievement for his work on the part of Big Pharma. Sir Ralph was born in Leipzig. Raised in an Orthodox Jewish family with three other siblings, the Kohn family fled to Amsterdam upon the rise of Hitler in 1933. The Kohns, in May 1940, arrived as refugees in Manchester, via Wigan on the last boat that carried Jewish refugees from Holland to England.
Sir William Asscher, the Top Doc Mr Big of the Westminster Paedophile Ring, who was one the key links between the London medical schools and Cardiff, was a child of a Dutch Jewish family who escaped to England from Holland. See previous posts.
Educated at Salford Grammar School, Sir Ralph won a scholarship to Manchester University, where he obtained a Bachelors degree and a PhD in pharmacology. After completing his PhD, Sir Ralph pursued postdoc studies in Rome with Professor Ernst Chain (whom I will discuss shortly) and at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York. Sir Ralph, after a successful stint at Smith, Kline & French, set up Advisory Services, a company ‘that conducted independent drugs trials for the pharmaceutical industry’.
Dafydd’s pals at Hammersmith Hospital had a cosy relationship with Smith, Kline & French. See previous posts…
In 1991, Sir Ralph set up the Kohn Foundation, which supports research and innovation in science and medicine, as well as the arts and education. 1991, the year of destruction for my friends and I, the year that Peter Morrison bagged his K and other paedophiles’ friends did very nicely for themselves, while the desperate scrabble to construct the Gang and all who sailed in her as scientific and cultural giants began…
The Kohn Foundation endows several prizes for young scientists and musicians. It supports the Royal SocietyKohn Award for science broadcasting and the Royal Academy of Music Bach Prize and the Royal Academy of Music/Kohn Foundation Bach Cantata Series.
Sir Ralph was elected an Honorary FRS in 2006 in recognition of his contributions to science via the Kohn Foundation. He was also an Honorary Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences.
Sir Ralph was knighted in the 2010 New Year Honours for services to science, music and charity.
Sir Ralph married Zahava Kanarek in 1963 in Amsterdam. Lady Kohn is a Holocaust survivor and lecturer. The couple had three children; Hephzibah (a medical researcher), Michelle and Maxine.
Sir Ralph was a long-serving member of Golders Green Synagogue and an attendee and benefactor of Shomrei Hadath. His main interests were music and singing (as a baritone), chess and studying Talmud. In 2004, he was a guest on Sue Lawley’s BBC Radio 4 ‘Desert Island Discs’.
Ralph Kohn financed John Eliot Gardiner’s Bach Cantatas project:
We should give them [artists] the sort of means which will allow them to lead a reasonable existence where they can devote themselves with heart, soul and body to their work”, Kohn says. “But the patron should not be their possessor. As Clifford Curzon once said: ‘Isn’t it nice that we can give something to young artists so that we can lift them closer to the stars.’ That’s all it’s about.
Ralph Kohn died on 11 November 2016, aged 88.
I’ll just remind everyone of a little something:
Alan Hodgkin married Marion Rous in 1944, whom he met while at the Rockefeller Institute in 1938. Marion “Marni” Hodgkin, Lady Hodgkin (28 November 1917-11 March 2015) was an American children’s book editor, regarded as one of the most notable and influential children’s book editors of the 1960s.
Born in New York, Marni was the eldest of three daughters of the American Top Doc, pathologist Francis Peyton Rous, winner of the 1966 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine and his wife, Marion de Kay. Marni studied at the Dalton School in New York City and Swarthmore College in Pennsylvania.
Marni Hodgkin’s career as a children’s book editor started in New York, working for Viking Press. She then worked for Rupert Hart-Davis in London. Hodgkin became Children’s Book Editor at Macmillan Publishing Company, which she joined in 1966. Until her arrival, Macmillan had never had a children’s literature department, even though its authors included Lewis Carroll and Rudyard Kipling.
Alf will never solve this one, they need someone who can Penetrate Women’s Minds:
Marni retired from Macmillan in 1978 when her husband was named Master of Trinity College, Cambridge.
Marni was a successful writer of children’s literature in her own right, including Young Winter’s Tales, Student Body (1950)
and Dead Indeed (1955). The last two were detective stories, based on Marni’s time at Swarthmore College and Viking Press, respectively.
Marni died on 11 March 2015 at the age of 97 in Cambridge.
Marni’s obituary for ‘The Guardian’ was written by Ann Thwaite:
Marni Hodgkin, who has died aged 97, was an outstanding editor of children’s books in an era before it was obvious that they would become one of the most important areas of the publishing business. She was one of a great group of female editors, including Grace Hogarth, Julia Macrae and Judy Taylor, who transformed the children’s book world in the 1960s.
She was both the daughter and wife of winners of the Nobel prize. Born in New York, Marion, known as Marni, was the eldest of three daughters of the distinguished pathologist Peyton Rous. She was educated at the progressive Dalton school in Manhattan, and at Swarthmore College in Pennsylvania. In 1937 a young Englishman, Alan Hodgkin, on a year’s research in the US, was invited to the Rous home for tea. The Rous girls had been finding the regular tea parties tedious and their father had promised to discontinue them if, on this occasion, none of the visitors pleased them. Alan was particularly pleasing.
They crossed the Atlantic on separate ships, hardly an auspicious start to a marriage, but it turned out to be “ideally successful”, as Andrew Huxley put it in his 1999 obituary of the by then much honoured biologist, winner of the Nobel prize in 1963. While their four children were young, and Marni was necessarily at home in Cambridge, she wrote two detective stories, Student Body (1950) and Dead Indeed (1955), the first closely related to her time at Swarthmore, the second to her years at the Viking Press. They were published on both sides of the Atlantic and she longed to get back to publishing herself.
In London, she found that children’s books were not considered very important. The publishing company Rupert Hart-Davis, where she first worked, had never had a children’s list. At Macmillan, to which she moved in 1966, there had never been a children’s books department, in spite of a splendid back list that included Lewis Carroll and Rudyard Kipling. Looking back in 1984, Marni stressed how determined she had been to convince her fellow editors how much it matters what children read. She said: “Children’s books wield a power that adult books, save only the truly great, never equal.”
It was in her years at Macmillan that I got to know Marni. She published my novel The Camelthorn Papers in 1969, following the first edition of the Allsorts annual that I edited. We worked together on that and four subsequent volumes, with a lot of good writers, some of whom, such as William Trevor, James Fenton and Michael Frayn, had never written for children before. We commissioned some of the best artists of the day, as well as many new young writers and illustrators. Marni herself, as MR Hodgkin, edited Young Winter’s Tales (1970), new writing for older children.
When Marni was 80, Di Denney, who had been her assistant, got together a handsome book of tributes to her. I remember particularly a wonderful spread by Graham Oakley, author of the Church Mice stories. When I asked recently to look at the book again, Marni, rather typically, refused. It was embarrassingly full of “accolades”. They were from such distinguished writers as Robert Westall and Diana Wynne Jones. Marni had called herself a “polisher”, but Jill Paton Walsh admitted that “Marni invented me as a writer.” Few publishers can claim as much.
When I was working on a biography of Frances Hodgson Burnett, I discovered to my surprise that Marni’s family had known her and, indeed, that, as a child of six, Marni had been taken to see the famous author of The Secret Garden not long before her death. Hodgson Burnett told Marni that, when the doors of the dolls’ house closed, the dolls were at work and play. Such was her magic, that Marni, a sensible little girl, for a moment believed it must be so.
It was in 1978, when Alan was appointed master of Trinity College, Cambridge, that Marni left Macmillan, feeling lucky that she had got out while it was still fun, before the money men insisted that each book “must stand on its own feet”, so that it would become difficult to take risks, to publish books with minority appeal. Being wife of the master of Trinity gave Marni little time to miss publishing. She told me the master’s lodge was “less formidable” than she had expected, though. Marni and Alan were a great team, hospitable, approachable, considerate, ungrand and generally delightful.
After Alan’s eventual death, books, friends and her family sustained Marni in Cambridge, as they had always done. In her extreme old age, she kept remarkably in touch. I remember on one visit in 2009 she was talking animatedly about Wolf Hall and the latest AS Byatt and had just seen the Jane Campion film Bright Star. She loved the cinema. She went on travelling, too, enjoying Italy.
Marni always had an elegant turn of phrase and what a friend called “an ear for nuance”. Words mattered. She could send emails, but said she would rather not…
Marni’s obituary published in the Indie was written by Nicolas Barker:
There have always been books for children, but the profession of children’s book editor is still relatively new. Marni Hodgkin, who has died aged 97, may not have been the first (that was Grace Hogarth) – but she was unusual in following the profession on both sides of the Atlantic.
She was born Marion de Kay Rous in New York, where her mother had worked for the Century Company, publishers of the St Nicholas Magazine, and her grandmother knew Frances Hodgson Burnett. The infant Marion was taken to see her, to be told that dolls came alive when the doll’s house doors were shut: “reason tottered”, briefly. Taught by her mother, she became an omnivorous reader, and after school and graduation from Swarthmore College, Pennsylvania (where she changed Marion to Marni), she decided that she wanted to be a children’s book editor or writer.
Rupert Hart-Davis published many of O’Brian’s works – including ‘The Golden Ocean’ in 1956 – as well as translations (e.g., Papillon and Banco: The Further Advancement of Papillon in 1970 and 1973), The Road to Samarcand, The Golden Ocean, The Unknown Shore and short stories from 1953 to 1974. In 1994, The Golden Ocean was re-issued by HarperCollins in the UK as well as by W. W. Norton in the US.
Reviews collected were written in 1994 when W. W. Norton republished the 1956 novel and more than half of the Aubrey-Maturin series novels had been published. Reviewers viewed the novel as it stood and in contrast to the author’s later level of accomplishments in that series.
Publishers Weekly, in 1994, said that this first sea novel by O’Brian “can stand on its own as an entertaining and psychologically astute narrative”. They see in this 1956 novel “practically all the naval lore and sense of place that grace the Aubrey/Maturin books”. Specifically, “Shipboard life rings true, the story never flags and humor abounds: “Well, he is a wonderful poacher for a Protestant,” observes one Anglo-Irishman. Kirkus Reviews finds this novel “Not a mature piece of work, but appealing enough to satisfy fans of O’Brian’s naval sagas.” Tom Clark writing in the Los Angeles Times says that “evidently in keeping with an aim of appealing to a younger audience, the darker aspects of the crew’s experience are played down in favor of a robust and exhilarating rendering of the great adventure of it all.” It is a first sea novel with a young boy as the main character, but “if there’s any character in The Golden Ocean with heavyweight potential, it’s the sea itself, whose power as a kind of fate is rendered with the Conradian force that shows where O’Brian was headed as a narrative writer.” Clark notes that “At least two of those accounts, those of Anson’s chaplain, Richard Walter, and of a young Irish midshipman, John Philips, appear to have supplied O’Brian much of what he needed to paint with charming pictorial realism the life both above and below decks on Anson’s flagship Centurion.”
Library Journal noted that this book by O’Brian “set the course they [the books in the Aubrey-Maturin series] later followed.” It is recommended for all ages: “A humorous adventure for all collections.” Scott Veale writing in ‘The New York Times’ was upbeat about this novel, saying that “As always, the author’s erudition and humor are on display, whether he’s describing the singing of the masts in the wind, the harrowing seas of Cape Horn or 18th-century superstitions.” Veale found the period detail to be “uncompromising”, and expected that readers “will be swept up by the richness of O’Brian’s prodigious imagination.”
Well that provided a welcome distraction to events re north Wales in 1994, including Patient F and I meeting with the Mental Health Act Commission, informing them that Dafydd was sexually exploiting patients and that serious complaints were not being investigated and the MHAC admitting that they knew about this but still did not take action. The CEO of the MHAC at the time was Dafydd’s mate William Bingley, son of Lady Juliet and Admiral Sir Alec. Shortly after we met with the MHAC, Matt Arnold, the former Head of Bryn Estyn died from an ‘unidentified blood infection’ and four days later Matt’s long time buddy and colleague Peter Howarth stood trial at Chester Crown Court on multiple charges of sexually abusing boys in care in north Wales. Three weeks later in July 1994, Howarth was convicted and sent to prison for 10 years.
Within days of F and I meeting the MHAC, Dafydd and the Top Docs declared me so dangerous that I should be incarcerated in a high security psych hospital and began planning for this. On Nov 4 1994 Dafydd obtained an injunction from Liverpool High Court against me on the grounds that I was a threat to his life. The injunction contained no evidence at all against me, except for an allegation that I had thrown a brick through his glass door in the early hours of the morning some months previously. The police knew that I had not and furthermore the brick was planted anyway. The MDU who represented Dafydd knew that he had perjured himself and they knew about the non-crime re the brick. See eg. ‘The Banality Of Evil’.
Last week I purchased a biography of Tom Huxley from a second hand bookshop, ‘Huxley, The Devil’s Disciple’; I haven’t had time to read it yet, but I note that it was published in 1994 and obviously follows the ‘Tom was one helluva guy who rose from a poverty stricken hell-hole’ line. The book was written by Adrian Desmond and claims to do ‘full justice to this enfant terrible’. Adrian Desmond ‘studied at London University and Harvard’ and ‘is an Honorary Research Fellow in the Biology Dept at University College London’. Desmond’s acknowledgements include Angela Darwin, Sir Andrew Huxley and Michael Huxley. Desmond’s book was enthusiastically endorsed by Stephen Jay Gould, Anthony Burgess, A.C. Grayling and Roy Porter. Yes, I think I know who is coming from where and why.
R.V.Jones, one of the Ancients who dated back to the Gang’s Churchill era of course suddenly bagged his Companion of Honour from Lilibet in 1994, after waiting all those years, having being turned down when he was at Winnie’s side because he wasn’t grand enough…
Adrian Desmond hit success again in 2009 with his volume about Darwin, co-authored by James Moore.
Gee, did you know that Darwin hated slavery?
Merfyn’s wife Nerys died at the end of 2008, in the ‘care’ of Dafydd’s colleagues at the Walton Centre. Two north Wales families with long associations with the Gang are the Pennants and the Sandbachs. Who were slave traders.
When Desmond and Moore published their book about Darwin hated the slave trade, Antoinette Sandbach had decided that she no longer wanted to be a criminal barrister in London, having done that her entire adult life and after pining for the paedophiles rather than the fjords, she returned to north Wales and made herself useful in the office of David Jones, the Tory MP for Clwyd West, who doubled up as a solicitor who had spent years working in practices with members of the Gang, including Ieuan Wyn Jones and Elwyn Jones, who fitted up targets. See post ‘The Right Honourable David Jones MP’. David, like Antoinette’s dad Ian Mackeson-Sandbach, is/was a keen Freemason. In 2010 Antoinette found herself a Tory AM for north Wales and in 2015 she became the Tory MP for Eddisbury, a Cheshire stronghold of the Gang. See previous posts.
Jim Moore starred on a Melvyn Bragg’s Radio 4 ‘In Our Time’ special series of four programmes in Jan 2009, discussing Darwin. Melvyn is a MIND Ambassador.
She started with a classic, Mrs CV Jamison’s Lady Jane, re-illustrated by Robin Jacques, adding Claire Rayner’s ‘What Happens in Hospital’ and ‘Shilling a Pound Pears’ and Julia Rhys’s ‘The Tinsel November’, illustrated by Carol Barker.
Claire Rayner and her collusion with organised abuse and wrongdoing in the NHS, thus enabling her to have a career as Big Nurse, an agony aunty and an advertiser of sanitary towels with wings, has been discussed in previous posts. At one point Clare knocked out romantic fiction at a rate almost equalling Barbara Cartland, but she wrote a few volumes that deviated from that formula that were PR vehicles for the NHS/medical establishment. ‘What Happens In Hospital’ was one such volume. Rayner never breathed a word about many of the things that happen in a hospital. Claire Rayner may have been a figure of fun to students and others who enjoy taking the piss, but she was terrifyingly influential, so much so that Miranda’s Gov’t appointed Rayner, along with St Helena Kennedy, to the body reviewing the future of women in Holloway Prison. Holloway had acquired such a terrible reputation as a dumping ground for women with serious mental health problems who did nothing but injure and kill themselves in the ‘hospital wing’, that even the Home Office could no longer stomach the shame. So Claire and St Helena were put to work. They recommended that the Poor Cows should be transferred to secure mental hospitals where they could receive the Help That They Needed.
Why had those women ended up in Holloway? Because after lives from one children’s home after another, followed by one psych unit after another, the victims of abuse throughout, the Poor Cows had refused to shut up and their distress could not be ignored. So Top Docs pronounced them ‘untreatable’, usually with Personality Disorders and they were prosecuted for trivial offences to ensure that they ended up in prison. Criminalised and still invisible. Claire and St Helena had the Poor Cows transferred straight back to the secure hospitals that had inflicted so much damage upon them and which at that time were hosting Jimmy Savile. The general public had no idea that this was the reality, but Claire Rayner and St Helena knew. Rayner and St Helena talked at length about the Poor Cows being Victims of Sexual Abuse, but Rayner and St Helena didn’t mention that their abusers had included social workers, Angels and Top Docs. Empowered Service Users knew because we were having conversations about the bloody nightmare that was Claire becoming a Gov’t adviser re such matters. See previous posts…
Claire’s son Jay does foodie programmes on Radio 4. Empowered Service Users can’t afford the sort of food that Jay recommends or even the kitchen equipment needed to prepare it.
In 1966, after Rupert Hart-Davis had been taken over, Marni Hodgkin moved to Macmillan, where her list grew and prospered. She had an outstanding success with Jill Paton Walsh’s Fireweed (1969), following it with Diana Wynne-Jones’s Wilkins’ Tooth (1973), Robert Westall’s The Machine Gunners, which won the Carnegie Medal in 1975, and Eva Ibbotson’s Which Witch? (1979).
Mary Mynch in 1979, then Alison Taylor, then me I expect…
Among her picture-book successes were Kevin Crossley-Holland’s The Green Children (1969) and the ever-popular Church Mouse series by Graham Oakley, an old friend from her Hart-Davis days. She retired in 1978, leaving a reputation not just for choosing or making best-sellers, but for principle. She knew the power of reading on children’s minds, and determined to give them what she thought the best; forbidden Doctor Dolittle in youth, she turned down Roald Dahl twice.
This career might have filled her life, but publishing was only part of it. She was also the daughter and wife of two winners of the Nobel Prize for Physiology. Alan Hodgkin won it in 1963 for research into the ionic mechanisms in the nerve cell membrane, and his father-in-law, Peyton Rous, in 1966 (40 years after nomination) for discovering that cancer could be transmitted by a virus.
In 1937, Hodgkin got a fellowship at the Rockefeller Institute in New York, where Rous carried out his research.
The Rockefeller Institute was already grand and Alan Hodgkin’s future father-in-law worked there. Alan’s father-in-law bagged his Nobel Prize 40 yrs after he was first allegedly nominated for one. He bagged his Nobel three yrs after his famous well-connected re Gwynne and the Gang son-in-law Alan Hodgkin bagged his.
Invited by him, Alan met Marni, and they went to the theatre together. They met again on holiday in Connemara, where he proposed to her – but she turned him down. In 1939 she won a Yale Henry Fellowship (the first woman to do so), which raised his hopes; but war supervened. She stayed in New York, and his research was diverted from frog’s nerves to radar.
They continued to write to each other until 1944, when Alan was posted to the MIT Radiation Laboratory. Landing in New York in February, he went straight to her apartment and “spent the rest of the day in a long, delightful conversation”. All barriers down, they decided to get married as soon as possible, did so, and then had to cross the Atlantic in separate convoys.
After the end of the Second World War, Alan had to rebuild his former research, and Marni to build a new life in austere Cambridge, made more so by post-war shortages. Their family grew, and so did the scope and fame of Alan’s research. Marni wrote two detective stories, Student Body (1950) and Dead Indeed (1955). Once, on a visit to New York, she returned to her old desk at Viking, almost unnoticed by her former colleagues. The Nobel Prize celebrations made for a brief, exotic change.
So after Marni’s husband won a Nobel Prize, Marni returned to her day to day life as Cinders, no-one having even noticed.
This routine was broken when Alan became president of the Royal Society in 1970, and then, in 1978, Master of Trinity College. There, Marni and he found new outlets for their natural hospitality, taking special pride in the opening of the college to women undergraduates.
Alan retired in 1984, and the couple moved to a house in the middle of Cambridge. His health began to give way, and a failed operation on his spine left him unable to walk, and eventually paralysed. Marni looked after him tenderly until his death in 1998.
Her life thereafter lost no vitality. Reading, travelling, entertaining, watching children and grandchildren grow, filled her days. Her career was celebrated in 1997 by a book of tributes from all her publishing friends, devised by Di Denney, who was to her as she had been to May Massee. All her friends will remember her warmth, her wit, her voice with only a trace of American intonation, her affection for everyone she knew – and her unceasing interest in all around her.
Working at a publishing firm before WW II, Hart-Davis began to forge literary relationships that would be important later in his career. Founding his publishing company in 1946, Hart-Davis was praised for the quality of the firm’s publications and production; but he refused to cater to public tastes and the firm eventually lost money. After relinquishing control of the firm, Hart-Davis concentrated on writing and editing, bringing him the sobriquet “the king of editors.”
Hart-Davis was born in Kensington. He was legally the son of Richard Hart-Davis, a stockbroker, and his wife Sybil, but by the time of his conception the couple were estranged, though still living together and Sybil Hart-Davis had many lovers at that period. Hart-Davis believed the most likely candidate for his natural father to be a Yorkshire banker, Gervase Beckett. As a child, Rupert Hart-Davis and his sister Deirdre Hart-Davis were drawn by the Welsh artist Augustus John and painted by William Nicholson (1912).
Hart-Davis was educated at Eton and Balliol, although he found university life not to his taste and left after less than a year. Hart-Davis decided to become an actor, studied at the Old Vic, realised that he was not a talented enough actor to succeed and he turned instead to publishing in 1929, joining William Heinemann Ltd. as an office boy and assistant to the managing director Charley Evans. Hart-Davis spent two years with Heinemann and a year as manager of the Book Society; during this period, he built up good relationships with a number of authors and was able to negotiate a directorship for himself at Jonathan Cape Ltd.
In his seven years with Cape, Hart-Davis recruited a successful group of authors ranging from the poets William Plomer, Cecil Day-Lewis, Edmund Blunden and Robert Frost, to the humourist Beachcomber. He was well placed to secure Duff Cooper‘s life of Talleyrand, as Cooper was his uncle. Previous posts eg. ’95 Glorious Years!’ discuss Duff Cooper and his crowd; they hung out with Trumpers in her youth.
As the junior partner at Cape, Hart-Davis had to handle their difficult authors including Robert Graves, Wyndham Lewis and Arthur Ransome, the last being seen as difficult because of his wife Genia, with her “distrustfulness, venom and guile”. Hart-Davis was a close friend of Ransome, sharing an enthusiasm for cricket and rugby. After Cape’s death he commented to George Lyttelton that Cape had been “one of the tightest-fisted old bastards I’ve ever encountered”. The second partner, Wren Howard, was “even tighter” than Cape and neither of them liked fraternising with authors, which they left to Hart-Davis.
In World War II Hart-Davis volunteered for military service as a private, but was soon commissioned into the Coldstream Guards. He did not see active service.
After WW II, Hart-Davis was unable to obtain satisfactory terms from Jonathan Cape to return to the company and in 1946 he struck out on his own, founding Rupert Hart-Davis Ltd, in partnership with David Garnett and Teddy Young and with financial backing from Eric Linklater, Arthur Ransome, H. E. Bates, Geoffrey Keynes, and Celia and Peter Fleming. His own literary tastes dictated which books were accepted and which rejected. Frequently he turned down commercial successes because he thought little of the works’ literary merit. In 1946 paper was still rationed; the firm used Garnett’s ex-serviceman’s ration, but as only one ex-serviceman’s ration could be used per firm it could not use that of Hart-Davis. However, the firm was given the allocation at cost of a Glasgow bookseller and occasional pre-war publisher, Alan Jackson.
The firm had best-sellers such as Heinrich Harrer‘s Seven Years in Tibet, Also in the early years Hart-Davis secured Ray Bradbury for his firm. Other good sellers were Peter Fleming, Eric Linklater and Gerald Durrell; but best-sellers were too few. A further expense was added when G. M. Young‘s biography of Stanley Baldwin was published in 1952; both Winston Churchill and Lord Beaverbrook threatened to sue if certain passages were not removed or amended. With the help of the lawyer Arnold Goodman an agreement was reached to replace the offending sentences.
Arnold Goodman was Harold Wilson’s friend and solicitor. Goodman was as essential to Wilson as Marcia Williams/Falkender was and it has to be concluded that Lord Goodman was a crook who kept a lot of people out of prison. See previous posts. Goodman was the solicitor who initially assisted Mr Thrope after Mr Thrope was arrested and charged and he also won Lord Bob Boothby libel damages in the 1960s after the Mirror dared publish a few things about Boothby, rent boys and his friend Ronnie Kray.
The Mirror’s allegations were substantially true but after they were stung by Goodman and Boothby, no-one dared touch Boothby again. It was why the Krays became so out of hand, why the police had the perfect excuse not to go after them and it resulted in huge problems re political corruption and serious organised crime because while Boothby was having sex with Ronnie Kray and rent boys, he was also having an affair with Harold Macmillan’s wife Dorothy. And of course Gwynne and Dafydd’s London partners in crime were connected to the Krays. The story of how the Mirror was given a crippling kick in the groin as a warning is an interesting one that involves the usual suspects but I’ve not had time to cover it on the blog yet.
BTW, Bob Boothby died on 16 July 1986. My friend Anne had been killed three months previously, D.G.E. Wood had yelled at me to get out of north Wales and make a new life for myself a very long way off and ‘forget about everything that has happened here’ and Ollie Brooke had been charged and was awaiting trial…
Re serious organised crime and the above crowd. Previous posts have discussed the friendships between Richard Crossman and Dom Mintoff, the PM of Malta, who was a key figure in the Maltese Mafia. Jack Jones the trade unionist was also mates with Mintoff and so was Dafydd’s pal Lady Juliet Bingley, which was particularly worrying because Lady Juliet’s husband Admiral Sir Alec was NATO Commander of the Mediterranean Fleet. Lady Juliet is boasted of as having built hospitals and established Social Service Depts for the good people of Malta. When discussing this with Brown the other day, he of course observed something that I missed: So what did the British Gov’t do in return for Dom and the Maltese Mafia?
I think we should be told.
By the mid-1950s, Rupert Hart-Davis Ltd could no longer sustain an independent existence and in 1956 it was absorbed into the Heinemann group. Heinemann sold the imprint to the American firm Harcourt Brace in 1961, who sold it to the Granada Group in 1963, when Hart-Davis retired from publishing, though remaining as non-executive Chairman until 1968. Granada merged Rupert Hart-Davis Ltd with sister imprint MacGibbon & Kee in 1972 to form Hart-Davis, MacGibbon.
As Hugh Walpole‘s literary executor and being unable to find a potential biographer who would tackle the job to his satisfaction, Hart-Davis proposed to Walpole’s publishers, Macmillan, that he should write the biography himself, to which Harold Macmillan replied that he couldn’t think of a better person to do it.
Hart-Davis wrote no more books until after his retirement from publishing, but between 1955 and 1962, he wrote about a quarter of a million words to his old schoolmaster George Lyttelton, which, together with Lyttelton’s similar contribution, made up the six volumes of the Lyttelton/Hart-Davis Letters, published between 1978 and 1984 after Lyttelton’s death. Hart-Davis destroyed the originals of the letters after his edited versions of them had been printed. He was equally unscholarly about his uncle Duff Cooper’s diaries, whose frankness shocked him so much that he wanted to destroy them.
Hart-Davis was described by The Times as “the king of editors”. He edited volumes of the letters of the playwright Oscar Wilde, the writer and caricaturist Max Beerbohm, and the writer George Moore, as well as the diaries of Siegfried Sassoon and the autobiography of Arthur Ransome.
Hart-Davis was a great-great-great-grandson of William IV. William had several illegitimate children with his mistress, Mrs. Jordan. Their youngest daughter, Lady Elizabeth Fitzclarence, later Countess of Erroll, had daughters including Lady Agnes Hay. Lady Agnes married James Duff, 5th Earl Fife, and among their children was Lady Agnes Duff, who married Sir Alfred Cooper. Their children included Sybil Cooper, mother of Rupert Hart-Davis.
While still an actor, Hart-Davis met the young Peggy Ashcroft whom he married in 1929. The marriage was short-lived, ending in divorce in 1933, though the two remained warm friends until Ashcroft’s death more than 60 years later. Between 1940 and 1965, Peggy Ashcroft was married to Jeremy Nicolas Hutchinson, Baron Hutchinson of Lullington.
Jeremy Hutchinson was a member of the Bloomsbury Group, a high camp barrister who was greatly entertaining in Court, had a penchant for defending people whom he knew were guilty of quite unpleasant crimes. Hutchinson remained close to Peggy after they divorced, everyone was friends with everyone else which is a nice civilised way but nothing else about them was civilised. Hutchinson is remembered for his cause celebre, the Lady Chatterley defence, but what received less publicity was his robust successful defence of people whom he knew to be child abusers.
Jeremy and his many partners and friends slept with so many other friends and partners that their circle reached into place where others didn’t, including Ted Heath, although Jeremy stood as a Labour candidate in 1945 and when he became a peer in 1978 he voted with the Lib Dems. Dafydd and Gwynne’s pal and umbrella Sir William Mars-Jones tried to become a Labour MP at the same time as Jeremy. Mars-Jones was a leading light in the Garrick, a club that is a favourite among the legal profession and luvvies.
Jeremy was a member of Middle Temple, as was Ronnie Waterhouse and Greville Janner. Ronnie and his close friend Sir Robin Day were also enthusiastic members of the Garrick.
Jeremy went to Stowe School which educated others who Knew Dafydd and Gwynne, including Perry Worsthorne of Sunday Torygraph fame and George Melly. See previous posts. After Stowe, Hutchinson went to Magdalen College, Oxford. He did of course serve in the RNVR during WW II, along with so many other mates of the Gang and indeed members of the Gang.
See eg. ‘The Village’ for further background on Jeremy Hutchinson, his legal career and his close friendships with women who were trying to persuade each other to marry Ted Heath.
In November 1933 Hart-Davis married Catherine Comfort Borden-Turner (1910-70), with whom he had a daughter in 1935, Bridget, who went on to marry David Trustram Eve, 2nd Baron Silsoe, in 1963. They also had two sons, Duff in 1936 and the TV presenter Adam in 1943. See previous posts for info on Adam Hart-Davis and the ventures of him and his circle.
Hart-Davis’s second marriage became dysfunctional, although husband and wife remained on good terms and stayed together until their children were grown up, when Hart-Davis and Comfort divorced. In 1964 Hart-Davis married Ruth Simon, née Ware, with whom he had had a long-term relationship. After her death in 1967 he married June Williams in 1968, who outlived him. She died in 2017.
After WW II, until his retirement, Hart-Davis lived during the week in a flat above his publishing business in Soho Square, returning to his main home at Bromsden Farm, Oxfordshire at weekends. He retired to Marske in North Yorkshire, where he died at the age of 92.
From 1957 to 1969, Hart-Davis was Chairman of the London Library. During this period, a financial crisis arose when Westminster City Council decided that the Library should no longer qualify for charitable exemption from local property tax. Hart-Davis organised fund-raising on a grand scale, including an auction, with E. M. Forster offering the manuscript of A Passage to India, and T. S. Eliot, a duplicate manuscript of The Waste Land. T.S. Eliot was a member of Bertrand Russell’s and the Bloomsbury Group’s circle. See eg. post ‘International Women’s Day! Let Us Celebrate With Jane…’
Public honours for Rupert Hart-Davis included honorary doctorates from the Universities of Durham and Reading and a knighthood in 1967 for services to literature.
Marni was the daughter of the American Top Doc, Francis Peyton Rous, who won the 1966 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Francis Peyton Rous(October 5, 1879 – February 16, 1970) was a pathologist and virologist. Rous was born in Woodlawn, Maryland and received his B.A. and M.D. from Johns Hopkins University.
In 1911, as a pathologist Rous made his seminal observation, that a malignant tumour (specifically, a sarcoma) growing on a domestic chicken could be transferred to another fowl simply by exposing the healthy bird to a cell-free filtrate. This finding, that cancer could be transmitted by a virus (now known as the Rous sarcoma virus, a retrovirus), was widely discredited by most of the field’s experts at that time. Since Rous was a relative newcomer, it was several years before anyone even tried to replicate his prescient results. Although clearly some influential researchers were impressed enough to nominate him to the Nobel Committee as early as 1926 and in many subsequent years, Rous only finally received the award 40 years later.
That’s the official version.
The bare bones are that it is claimed that a young, unknown Rous discovered that cancer could be transmitted by a retrovirus, that his genius went ignored by nearly everyone except for a few who nominated Rous for the Nobel that he deserved but this was only awarded decades later. Rous’s incredible discovery was not only so far ahead of it’s time that had he been awarded the Nobel Prize when he allegedly made the discovery there would have been no-one able to assess the contribution of his work because so little was known about any of the fields with which it was concerned, but Rous received the Nobel Prize three years after his son-in-law received one.
Rous’s son-in-law was a man closely connected with those who knew that Watson and Crick had bagged a Nobel by stealing another researcher’s work, shafting her completely, writing her out of the picture and then ensuring that everyone who witnessed this was also elevated to greatness, the most culpable picking up Nobels themselves. The key players all knew about the organised abuse in north Wales and Gwynne and Dafydd’s role in concealing it. See post ‘The Two Cultures Of Organised Abuse’.
Thus on October 13, 1966 Rous’s true worth was recognised and he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Had Rous chosen to open his mouth about a few things, the reputations of the world famous Cavendish Lab at Cambridge, Imperial, King’s College, London and Birkbeck would have been dust. All three institutions were heaving with members of the British security services with international connections, many of whom were also involved with organised abuse.
Sir Francis Peyton Rous:
A retrovirus replicates by taking over the machinery of the cell as it were.
Shortly before Rous won the Nobel Prize, Dafydd had made the headlines of ‘The Times’ for his key role in a major patient abuse scandal.
Philippines President Marcos hosting the leaders of SEATO nations during the Oct 1966 Manila Conference on the Vietnam War
LBJ greeting a crowd, 1966
Johnson talking with his Secretary of Defence Robert McNamara, 1967
In January and February 1967, probes were made to assess North Vietnamese willingness to discuss peace, but they fell on deaf ears. Ho Chi Minh declared that the only solution was a unilateral withdrawal by the U.S. Johnson’s anger and frustration over the lack of a solution to Vietnam and its effect on him politically was exhibited in a statement to Robert F. Kennedy, a prominent public critic of the war who loomed as a potential challenger in the 1968 presidential election. Johnson had just received reports predicting military progress by the summer and warned Kennedy, “I’ll destroy you and every one of your dove friends in six months; You’ll be dead politically in six months”.
McNamara offered Johnson a way out of Vietnam in May 1967; the administration could declare that its objective, South Vietnam’s self-determination, was being achieved and the upcoming September elections in South Vietnam would provide the chance for a coalition government. The US could reasonably expect South Vietnam to assume responsibility for the election outcome. But Johnson was reluctant in the light of some ‘optimistic’ reports. The CIA was reporting widespread food shortages in Hanoi and an unstable power grid, as well as military manpower reductions.
By the middle of 1967 nearly 70,000 Americans had been killed or wounded in the war. In July, Johnson sent McNamara and other officials to meet with General Westmoreland and reach agreement on plans for the immediate future. At that time the war was being commonly described by the press and others as a “stalemate”. Westmoreland declared that to be pure fiction and that “we are winning slowly but steadily and the pace can excel if we reinforce our successes”. Johnson agreed to an increase of 55,000 troops bringing the total to 525,000, although Westmoreland wanted many more.
In August 1967 Johnson, with the Joint Chiefs’ support, decided to expand the air campaign and exempted only Hanoi, Haiphong and a buffer zone with China from the target list. In September, Ho Chi Minh and North Vietnamese PM Pham Van Dong appeared amenable to French mediation, so Johnson ceased bombing in a 10-mile zone around Hanoi. In a Texas speech Johnson agreed to halt all bombing if Ho Chi Minh would launch productive and meaningful discussions and if North Vietnam would not seek to take advantage of the halt, the “San Antonio” formula. There was no response, but Johnson pursued the possibility of negotiations with a bombing pause.
As casualties mounted and success seemed further away than ever, Johnson’s popularity plummeted. College students and others protested, burned draft cards and chanted, “Hey, hey, LBJ, how many kids did you kill today?” Johnson could scarcely travel anywhere without facing protests and was not allowed by the Secret Service to attend the 1968 Democratic National Convention, where thousands of opponents of Johnson’s policies re both Vietnam and the ghettos converged to protest. By 1968, the public was polarized, the “hawks” rejecting Johnson’s refusal to continue the war indefinitely and the “doves” rejecting his current war policies. Support for Johnson’s middle position continued to shrink until he finally rejected containment and sought a peace settlement.
Although Tricky Dicky was closer to LBJ’s position than Hubert Humphrey, the Democrat candidate who would stand against Tricky Dicky in the forthcoming Presidential election, LBJ continued to support Humphrey publicly in the election and personally despised Tricky Dicky. One of LBJ’s well known quotes was “the Democratic party at its worst, is still better than the Republican party at its best”.
On January 30, the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese launched the Tet Offensive against South Vietnam’s five largest cities, including Saigon and the U.S. embassy there and other government installations. The Tet Offensive failed militarily, but it was a psychological victory, definitively turning American public opinion against the war effort. Walter Cronkite of CBS news expressed on the air that the conflict was deadlocked and that additional fighting would change nothing. Johnson responded with “If I’ve lost Cronkite, I’ve lost middle America”. Johnson agreed to increase the troop level by 22,000, despite a recommendation from the Joint Chiefs for ten times that number… The disaster continued, eventually leading to Tricky Dicky becoming President, which did not end well.
President Johnson meets with Republican candidate Tricky Dicky in the White House, July 1968.
Harold Wilson supported LBJ and the Vietnam War.
In Feb 1968, Robert Beer, a US official, visited Sussex University, who’s VC, Asa Briggs, was a mate of Harold Wilson and was concealing the Brighton end of Dafydd and Gwynne’s enterprise. Three Sussex undergrads threw red paint over Beer and Asa never forgave them.
Asa was happy to wreak revenge decades later when Miranda and others opened fire on Merfyn in his capacity as VC of Bangor University and invited others to join in… See post ‘Anthem For Doomed Youth’.
After leaving office, LBJ recorded a TV interview with Cronkite at his ranch on January 12, 1973 in which he discussed his legacy, particularly with regards to the civil rights movement. On January 22, 1973, Johnson suffered a massive heart attack in his bedroom. He managed to telephone the Secret Service agents on the ranch, who found him still holding the telephone receiver, unconscious and not breathing. Johnson was airlifted in one of his own planes to San Antonio and taken to Brooke Army Medical Center, where cardiologist and Army Colonel Dr George McGranahan pronounced him dead on arrival. Johnson was 64 years old.
Shortly after Johnson’s death, his Press Secretary Tom Johnson telephoned Cronkite at CBS; Cronkite was live on the air with the CBS Evening News at the time and a report on Vietnam was cut while Cronkite was still on the line, so that he could break the news. Johnson’s death came two days after Tricky Dicky’s second inauguration, which followed Tricky Dicky’s landslide victory in the 1972 election. LBJ’s death meant that for the first time since 1933, there were no former Presidents still living; Johnson had been the only living ex-President since December 26, 1972, following the death of Harry S. Truman. As of 2019, Johnson remains the most recent former Democratic President to die.
Never mind, Alan Hodgkin’s Top Doc father-in-law bagged a Nobel Prize, Dafydd and Gwynne continued in business and Thatch maxed out on the situation along with everyone else years later when she became PM, because her old tutor from Somerville Dorothy had been sleeping with John Bernal, a Communist spy who was part of the agreement to stuff Rosalind Franklin over to enable Crick and Watson to bag the Nobel for the discovery of the double helix. See post ‘The Two Cultures Of Organised Abuse’.
The My Lai Massacre (16 March 1968) was such a shame though.
In addition to the Nobel Prize, Francis Peyton Rous was elected a Foreign Member of the Royal Society in 1940. He won the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research in 1958 and the National Medal of Science in 1965.
Peyton Rous shared the Nobel Prize with Charles Huggins. Charles Brenton Huggins (September 22, 1901-January 12, 1997) was a Canadian-American physician, physiologist and cancer researcher at the University of Chicago, specializing in prostate cancer. He was awarded the 1966 Nobel Prize for ‘discovering in 1941 that hormones could be used to control the spread of some cancers’.
Huggins was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. He graduated from Acadia University with a BA degree in 1920, went on to study medicine at Harvard and received his MD degree in 1924. Huggins served his internship and residency in general surgery with Frederick A. Coller at the University of Michigan.
Huggins found out that in men, castration or oestrogen administration led to glandular atrophy, which could be reversed by re-administration of androgen. Although years later Huggins and his Top Doc pal Alan Hodgkin’s father-in-law won a Nobel Prize for their contribution to cancer research, Huggins’ work with castrated or oestrogen-treated men suffering from glandular atrophy was not originally cancer research. Huggins didn’t begin working in the field of cancer until the 1930s and at the time treatment was by radiation or surgery. Huggins’ patients were castrated, physically or chemically, because they were gay. Whether Huggins castrated them as a result of them being prosecuted for sex offences or whether it was done after the men themselves had asked for treatment for their homosexuality I don’t know, but they were not cancer patients. Huggins was working as a urologist in the US in the 1920s; much (or even most) of his work will have been treating men for homosexuality.
Gwynne was still treating homosexual men in the 1970s in the North Wales Hospital, after homosexuality had been decriminalised and while he and Dafydd were facilitating a paedophile/trafficking ring (with links to the US) targeting boys.
There can be only one reason why anyone allowed Gwynne to use his ‘clinical freedom’ to ‘treat’ male homosexuality in the 1970s using methods that destroyed or might have even killed (lobotomies were performed on gay men) the patients. It was to ‘treat’ boys/men who dared complain about having been sexually assaulted by members of that ring. In the way that people like me were arrested for ‘breach of the peace’ or other low level ‘offences’ if we arrived on NHS premises or even at police stations to complain about serious offences that had been committed against us, if any boy or man complained about having been sexually assaulted by another male who was Of The Gang, no matter what the circumstances, a scenario would have ensued in which the complainant was constructed as the problem and the problem would have been their rampant, out-of-control homosexuality. This would be very easy to achieve if the complainant was a boy/young man in care or indeed just someone with little status, power and money in a region still dominated by Nonconformity (often Calvinism) which taught that homosexuality was very wrong. Any sort of treatment for homosexuality had been discredited while Gwynne persisted with it, yet alone Gwynne’s variety. Gwynne’s presence will have been most effective at reducing complaints of homosexual offences against boys as Dafydd, Gwynne and John Allen vastly expanded the ring during the 1970s. There were hundreds and hundreds of kids in care in numerous children’s homes in north Wales and although girls were abused as well, the real market was for teenaged boys, it was a conveyer belt for the production of rent boys.
It is acknowledged that the North Wales Hospital Denbigh was one of the last institutions to provide treatment for homosexuality. There are accounts of men from Cheshire being sent to Denbigh for ‘treatment’; one such man published an account of his experience, which occurred in the late 1970s. Yet there was far better provision for mental health problems available to people living in Cheshire than that offered by Denbigh. Although of course the North Wales ring branched out into Cheshire, a county for which the celeb member Sir Peter Morrison was a Tory MP and John Allen owned a children’s home in Cheshire. Then there were the clergymen of Cheshire who have now been named, the wealthy clients prepared to pay for sex with teenaged boys and the exodus of ‘normal’ gay men from the Chester branch of CHE on the grounds that it was a front for paedophilia…
Dafydd held ‘clinics’ at the Grosvenor Nuffield Hospital in Chester and the abortionists to whom girls and women unlawfully denied NHS terminations in north Wales were referred on demand if they had money were in Chester. See eg. ‘It’s Bachman Turner Overdrive – Not Arf’. The biggest legal centre for north Wales was in Chester and if you were upmarket and you lived in north east Wales, you gravitated towards Cheshire for your needs, social life, kids’ education etc. Until 1980, George Carman QC lived in Cheshire. Carman was one of the key lawyers who quietly ensured that the Westminster Paedophile Ring as well as Dafydd and Gwynne’s criminality was never blown open. There was plenty of scope in Cheshire for an angry boy or man to Be Referred to insane old criminals at Denbigh for Treatment.
In the way that the unlawful denial of NHS abortions to women in north Wales on any grounds at all and the referral on demand to abortionists in Chester showed up in data collected by Gov’t depts but was simply ignored in Parliamentary debates (see previous posts), Gwynne and his outdated, dangerous, discredited Treatment for homosexuality was no secret. It was documented. But then so were the deaths of those children as young as 14 in Risley Remand Centre in Cheshire; they were kids from children’s homes in north Wales, the data was collected by the Home Office itself who simply refused to admit how many children had died in Risley when asked in Parliamentary debates. See eg. ‘Include Me Out’.
North Wales was the latrine for wealthy, civilised, high-living Cheshire.
Mind How You Go Sir…
‘In 1941 the beneficial effect of androgen ablation on metastatic prostate cancer was realised when Huggins and Clarence Hodges treated patients by either castration or oestrogen therapy.’ They monitored the prostate size and therapeutic efficacy by measuring serum prostatic acid phosphatase levels and concluded that androgenic activity in the body influences prostate cancer, at least with respect to serum phosphatase. Huggins was the first to use a systemic approach to treat prostate cancer.
Huggins was awarded the Nobel Prize on October 13, 1966. Gay? He cut their knackers off but years later his life’s work was repackaged as Research Into Prostate Cancer. Promoting Men’s Health! While Gwynne and Dafydd were er…
Charles Brenton Huggins
Charles Huggins died on Jan 12 1997 in Chicago, Illinois at the age of 95 years.
Ronnie opened the Waterhouse Inquiry at the beginning of Jan 1997. Patient F and I were acquitted of offences by Caernarfon Magistrates Court in Jan 1997, after we had been arrested and charged a few months previously on the basis of the perjury of Angel Bridget Lloyd. Tony Francis prepared a Court Report before the case for when we were found guilty, recommending that I should be sent to a high security mental hospital as presenting a danger to the lives of NHS staff. See previous posts.
A Patrick O’Brian novel needed and quickly please… Marni, you are in demand… Any more possible Nobel Laureates with connections to this lot knocking around?
Huggins’ junior colleague Clarence V. Hodges was a member of what some have called “The Greatest Generation.”
Clarence was of the same generation as Gwynne, so someone might have to revise that theory. As well as being ‘a member of the research team that discovered the relationship of hormones to prostate cancer’ – don’t ask where the original supply of men with oestrogen-induced atrophied knackers or no knackers at all came from – Clarence pioneered the treatment of end-stage kidney disease by transplantation, the treatment of urologic cancers and the training of urologic subspecialists in Oregon.
Born on November 11, 1914, Hodges grew up in Lead, South Dakota, where his father was a physician. After graduating from high school in 1931, he worked for the Homestake Mining Company, one of the largest gold producers in the United States, first on the surface in the electrical department and then in the mine.
Wales – gold mining links – that Cheshire MP – NAME See post ‘ ‘.
He entered Iowa State University in 1933 as an engineering student but soon changed his major to pre-med. In 1936, he entered medical school at the University of Chicago, where he worked in the laboratory of Charles Huggins, whose work on prostate cancer won him a Nobel Prize in 1966. Hodges completed medical school in 1940 and remained at the University of Chicago for his internship.
After completing his internship, Hodges went directly into the U.S. Army, where he was trained to be a flight surgeon. Assigned to the Eighth Air Force and attached to the 96th Heavy Bomber Group, he received the Air Medal for flying on thirteen missions over occupied France, Germany, Italy, Russia and North Africa.
Returning to Chicago after the war, Hodges trained in urology at the University of Chicago, Ancker Hospital in St Paul, Minnesota and Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. He moved to Oregon in 1948 as the first full-time chief of the Division of Urology at the University of Oregon Medical School in Portland, a position he held until 1979.
During his 31 years in Oregon, Hodges trained 63 urologists. In 1959, he and two other doctors – J.E. Dunphy and Joseph E. Murray (who would win the Nobel Prize in 1990) –
There were a few more in the system then
performed the first successful kidney transplant west of the Rocky Mountains at University Hospital in Portland. Hodges continued his research in prostate cancer and was awarded the Eugene Fuller Award in 1977 for this work.
In 1981, Hodges was elected into membership of the Johns Hopkins Society of Scholars; he received the Barringer Medal from the American Association of Genitourinary Surgeons two years later. Hodges was president of the Western Urologic Forum (1962), the Western Section of the American Urological Association (1974), the Clinical Society of Genitourinary Surgeons (1978-1979) and the Society of University Urologists (1979-1980).
North Wales’s own Dr Christine Evans, Dafydd and Gwynne’s loyal supporter, is a urologist who is a member of many national/international urological associations. As well as telling the whole of north Wales what to do, doubling up as a Patients Champion in order to save the jobs of her colleagues after they had been condemned by a wonderfully damning report by the Royal College of Surgeons and running a community pub (‘The Raven’), Dr Chris is always happy to do her bit for international charidee. See post ‘A Charming, Uplifting Sound…’ for discussion of Dr Chris.
On his retirement from the Oregon Health Sciences Center in 1979, Hodges was named chair of urology at the John Burns School of Medicine at the University of Hawaii, a position he held for three years. He practiced urology in Hawaii until he retired in 1988. Hodges died on March 6, 2001, at the age of 86 years.
Alan and Marni Hodgkin had three daughters, Sarah, Deborah and Rachel, and a son Jonathan.
Jonathan Alan Hodgkin
1949 (age 69–70)
|Alma mater||University of Oxford (BA)
University of Cambridge (PhD)
|Awards||Edward Novitski Prize (2017)|
|Institutions||Laboratory of Molecular Biology|
|Thesis||Genetic and Anatomical Aspects of the Caenorhabditis elegans Male (1974)|
|Notable students||Magdalena Skipper|
Jonathan Alan Hodgkin (born 1949) FRS is Prof of Genetics at Oxford University and an Emeritus Fellow of Keble College, Oxford. Keith Best and Peter Morrison both studied law at Keble College, Oxford.
Hodgkin graduated from Oxford University in 1971 and received his PhD from Cambridge University in 1974 for research on the genetics of the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans. Hodgkin was a scientist at the MRC Lab of Molecular Biology in Cambridge and was one of the earliest researchers to explore the genetics of development in C. elegans.
When I was at UCNW, we ‘did’ nematodes with Dr Mike Lehane of the Dept of Zoology, who is now Emeritus Professor Mike Lehane of Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine. Mike Lehane’s webpage tells us that:
After post-doctoral positions in the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine I worked in the University of Wales, Bangor before joining the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine in 2004.
Large scale field studies funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. This work centres on the production of improved insecticide treated targets for tsetse control and their incorporation into large scale control operations. These field studies were carried out in collaboration with colleagues in Europe, Kenya, Chad, Uganda, Burkina Faso, Guinea, Cote d’Ivoire and Zimbabwe.
A 2007 media article told us that:
A NORTH Wales scientist landed massive grants worth close on £5m to try and outwit a deadly fly which kills 60,000 people every year. Former Bangor University boffin Mike Lehane, from Llangoed, Anglesey, is working with an international consortium to take on the tsetse fly. It transmits sleeping sickness – human African trypanosomiasis – (HAT). The revolutionary work by Professor Lehane and other experts at the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine was boosted by a US EUR 4m award from the head of American Microsoft giant, Bill Gates and his wife Melinda.
Professor Lehane will use the massive windfall to develop ways of trapping the insect and find stronger repellents to prevent tsetse flies biting people. Molecular entomologist Professor Lehane, Professor of Medical Parasitology at Bangor University for 24 years, said: “We know tsetse flies actively avoid the odour given off by some animals. By identifying and replicating this odour it should be possible to develop a more effective repellent for use in sprays.” The team’s first priority will be to identify the scents which attract and repel the killer blood-sucker. Five major types of tsetse fly transmit the disease which is endemic in 37 sub-Saharan African countries, putting some 60 million people at risk.
Professor Lehane, who has lived with wife Stella in Llangoed for the past 25 years, said: “Drug treatment of HAT is in a parlous state. The drugs available were developed many years ago and their toxicity and consequent human mortality, allied to the increasing resistance to the drugs, are very serious concerns. “Tsetse control relies on insecticides. and is costly, raises environmental concerns and is inefficient. Protection by personal repellents would reduce dependence on small scale community spraying projects or large scale Government and donor-funded interventions.
Professor Lehane and his Liverpool colleagues were also given pounds 2.5m from the European Commission (EC) to run parallel with the Gates’ grant. The tsetse fly is found only in Africa and carries trypanosomes (the disease agents causing human sleeping sickness and animal trypanosomosis). The disease is a serious problem in sub-Saharan Africa and it is estimated its removal could double livestock production and increase cultivation levels. The tsetse fly is very sensitive to environmental conditions – it will not survive in areas that are too hot, too dry, or too high.
Mike Lehane taught me in 1981/82. His colleagues knew about the Dafydd and the ring and Gwynne was sitting in the Student Health Centre at the time. Mike Lehane was probably working at UCNW when John Krebs, the son of Hans Krebs who discovered the Krebs Cycle (see post ‘The Big Questions’) worked at the Dept of Zoology at UCNW and discovered a paedophile ring. John isn’t anything like the ground breaker that his dad was but it was John who ended up with a peerage. See post ‘The Science Of Animal Behaviour’.
Mike Lehane was working at UCNW when his colleague in the Dept of Zoology Dr Probert endured a family tragedy: his 17 year old son Simeon was found hanging on 24 April 1989. Simeon’s death was attributed to bullying from other pupils at Ysgol David Hughes. I can remember Simeon’s death because I was staying at one of the Proberts’ neighbours’ houses in Menai Bridge shortly afterwards; I had gone up to north Wales to attend the ‘investigation’ into my complaint about Dafydd and the Gang ie. the massive cover-up by Dafydd’s mates Profs Robert Owen and Bluglass. The Proberts and the people with whom I was staying knew about the criminal activities of the Gang and at least one of them was a close friend of Liz Stables, the Angel in the UCNW Student Health Centre who covered up for Gwynne and was a mate of Dafydd. Not to worry, one person’s daughter milked it to bag herself a job as a consultant at the Maudsley, so well done Melanie Abas who went to the same school as Simeon, along with kids who were targets of the gang.
Liz ensured that her son Gareth also got a place at medical school and the last that I heard Gareth Stables was working as a consultant physician in Leicester!
Melanie’s specialist area is Vulnerable Wimmin and Abuse. She certainly knows all about it, particularly as one of her relatives knows Dafydd’s sister and used to remark on how bloody mad he was. Melanie’s dad was a lecturer in maths at UCNW, so he knew about Gwynne and the ring as well, although to be fair to Jan Abas he loathed Top Docs so much that he was appalled when his daughter became one. See previous posts for info on Melanie, Gareth et al.
Mike Lehane was working in the Dept of Zoology when the Gang destroyed the life of Dr Bill Hemmings, another one of the Zoologists at UCNW and when my friend Anne was a PhD student there and was killed by the Gang. Mike also worked with Mr Hobart, who’s daughter suffered very badly at the hands of the Gang. She was being so seriously abused by Hergest Unit staff that when she was sectioned a neighbour went in every few days and let the Angels believe that she was a solicitor because she felt that it would be the only way of keeping Mr Hobart’s daughter safe. The Gang had good reason to target her: not only did she know much about UCNW back in the Good Old Days, but she used to be my neighbour and she witnessed what was happening to me.
Mike Lehane left Bangor University after so many decades of working with the ring for the heights of Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine in 2004.
2004 was the year that Merfyn was appointed VC, the year that the Gwerin declared full on war, the year that Brown and I began publishing and the year that the Gang’s Cunning Plan to have me imprisoned for ‘threats to kill’ on the basis of the perjury of some eight NHS staff and a police officer fell apart. Nevertheless, Dafydd’s mate the corrupt Judge Huw Daniel still managed to break the law in open court and tell journos a pack of lies about me that the local papers obediently published. In the summer of 2004 Huw sentenced me to over 100 hours community service for telling Alun Davies’s secretary, over the phone, that he was a fat idiot and one of the Somerset contingent who had been befriended by David Cameron’s and Boris’s mates when the Gang came after me years previously managed to walk away from a manslaughter trial at Bristol Crown Court when the Presiding Judge, Dame Heather Hallett, stopped the trial and ordered the jury to acquit him on a technicality. See previous posts.
In 2007 when Mike Lehane bagged the big bucks from Bill and Melinda Gates, Miranda stood down as PM and Gordon succeeded him. The Gordon who was friends with Eric Hobsbawm who for decades kept a second home at Croesor while he worked at Birkbeck with some of those involved in the Great Nobel Prizes Swindle. Gordon’s wife Sarah, the former business partner and friend of Hobsbawm’s daughter Julia, had been at Bristol University on the psychology degree with Sarah Jenkins, the daughter of Gwynedd social worker Sheila Jenkins, a particularly vicious member of the Gang. Sarah had, as a young graduate, rented her accommodation from Dr D.G.E. Wood. Sarah’s father – Sheila’s husband – was David Jenkins, an academic at UCNW.
Alan Hodgkin’s daughter Deborah Hodgkin is a psychologist. So I was told is Sarah Jenkins now! She’s Helping People, like the lovely Sheila did for all those years when she perjured herself in order to criminalise innocent people and sectioned people to the ‘care’ of a gang of sex offenders. Sheila was one of the Gang members who attended the seminars/workshops with the visiting German academics from Magdeburg.
Neither should we forget Gordon’s close relationship with Lord Jack McConnell, who was at Stirling University with two of my close friends who knew what happened to me at the hands of the Gang. Jack became FM of Scotland just after the Waterhouse Report was published and Gordon became PM!!
My friends were unlawfully sacked from their jobs at the BBC and the Royal Television Society and found gangsters after them. See post ‘The Turn Of The Screw’.
Here’s Jack with Miranda; this is Jack looking rather more like he did when my friend found him in her bed without her permission (in 1981 Jack, I heard all about it) than he does these days:
Yes, those letters that we all wrote to each other in our first term at University after we left Somerset contained some real gems. Jack in my friend’s bed without so much as a by your leave and another friend of mine at Bristol University heard noises going on when she was upstairs so she went down to investigate and there was a threesome happening downstairs, with added vibrators as well. The Dirty Digger knows all about it because all my letters were stolen from my house in Rachub years later and sold to the Digger because they also contained witness accounts of people doing terrible things to my friends. The Digger knows about serious cock-ups in surgery at Bristol as well, I received details of that too.
I think that Jack was among the crowd of Stirling students/grads who attacked the UGC minibus, they chased it down the road and tried to overturn it and I was told that the terrified faces of Thatch’s henchmen could be seen through the windows. Who WAS NOT involved in such activities as a student? Well me of course, that’s why I was so Dangerous, I’d just refused to have sex with Gwynne and Dafydd. But then my mate turned down Jack McConnell.
New Labour plonker Phil Woolas knew about Dafydd and Gwynne; Phil became President of the NUS in 1984, the year that I encountered and complained about Gwynne. Woolas knew about that and he knew that Prof Eric Sunderland did a deal to save UCNW’s bacon in return for shafting my friends and I.
Philip James Woolas (born 11 December 1959) was the Labour MP for Oldham East and Saddleworth, 1997-2010. Woolas served as Minister of State in the Home Office as well as Minister of State for the Treasury. On 5 November 2010, Woolas was found to have breached the Representation of the People Act 1983. As a result, his General Election victory was declared void, he lost his seat in the Commons and was barred from standing again for three years. Woolas was also suspended from the Labour Party.
Woolas was born in Scunthorpe, Lincolnshire, went to Nelson Grammar School, Nelson and Colne College and Manchester University.
Woolas joined the Labour Party at the age of 16 and became involved in student politics through the Anti-Nazi League. He was President of the NUS, 1984-86, a producer for BBC’s ‘Newsnight’ 1988-90 (where he became firm friends with fellow Manchester United supporter Michael Crick who was discussed in earlier posts), a producer at Channel 4 News, 1990-91 and Head of Communications at the GMB, 1991-97. Phil worked in TV news when Mary Wynch received media coverage, he won’t have missed it.
Phil also worked for the BBC when my friends who were forced out of the media did. Did you know about the bribery and corruption in the BBC’s drama commissioning dept Phil? Did you work with William Miller, Jonathan’s son and think that he was a tosser as well? What about Esther, I heard how much everyone loathed her and that they all knew that ChildLine was a scam.
Phil first contested a Commons seat in 1995 and his efforts were ‘marked by Labour’s particularly vicious and personal campaign, attacking the Liberal Democrat candidate, Chris Davies, as “high on tax and soft on drugs”. Mandy admitted in his autobiography that they had gone “on the attack”, writing “After the campaign was over, not only our opponents but some in Labour would denounce our ‘negative’ tactics in highlighting Lib Dem front-runner Chris Davies’ support for higher taxes and a Royal Commission to liberalise drugs laws. For tactical reasons, I felt we had had little choice.”
Tactical reasons? Such as ‘We’re a bunch of utter shites and our man only ended up as a candidate anyway because he knew the sordid details of the dung heap at Bangor when he was NUS President which included the Royal Lobotomist and the murder of a PhD student’.
In 1999 Woolas became PPS to Lord Macdonald of Tradeston, a Transport Minister and was appointed a Whip in 2001, the year following the publication of the Waterhouse Report. In June 2003 Phil was appointed Deputy Leader of the Commons under the Government’s newly appointed Leader of the Commons, Peter Hain. The Orange Lord knew all about Dafydd and Gwynne, he’d known for many years but he would have been assassinated if he’d remained in South Africa, so I presume that the Orange Lord offered silence in return for staying alive. He was certainly in the thick of it: the Young Liberals, the Anti-Apartheid Movement, then a Commons seat in South Wales, the Orange Lord has spent his life surrounded by the Gang. See previous posts. It’s OK Orange One, I’ve grassed the bastards up online now, seeing that you ignored my letter about their violence, perjury, corruption and flagrant law breaking when you were Secretary of State for Wales. I know that I wasn’t the only person who wrote to you about them either.
A few years ago, the Orange Lord was on ‘Any Questions?’ and he was asked a question about Phil the Greek. The Orange Lord described Phil the Greek as a ‘period piece’. I think the phrase that you were looking for Lord Hain was ‘Foul tempered racist bastard who has acquired everything that he has ever had by marrying Lilibet and is also alleged to have been one of those who utilised the services of Cliveden and Gwynne’.
Woolas also served briefly under Hain’s successor, Geoff Hoon. Between the 2005 Cabinet reshuffle and June 2007, Woolas was Minister of State for Local Government at Deputy PM’s Prezza’s office and then at the Dept for Communities and Local Gov’t, the 2006 successor to the DPMO.
On 28 June 2007 Woolas became Minister for the Environment at DEFRA. In October 2008, Woolas became Minister of State for Borders and Immigration at the Home Office and Minister of State at the Treasury.
In the Parliamentary expenses scandal of 2009, Phil Woolas reportedly claimed expenses for items not allowed under the rules. Woolas said the items were on a receipt he submitted under food claims, but were not claimed themselves and threatened a newspaper with legal action. The Legge enquiry into MPs’ expenses cleared Woolas.
In November 2008, Woolas attacked lawyers and charities working on behalf of asylum seekers, accusing them of undermining the law and playing the system. So said the man who owed his entire career to concealing the serious criminality of a trafficking ring with connections in his own constituency.
In February 2010, following the accusations of bullying made against Gordon and other members of the UK Cabinet, Woolas was quoted as referring to the Head of the National Bullying Helpline, Christine Pratt, as “this prat of a woman” in a radio interview. She might well have been Phil, if she was Head of such an organisation Christine, like you, will have kept quiet about some terrible things. People in glass houses Phil…
In 2009, Woolas was involved in a controversy regarding the rights for Gurkhas to settle in the UK. On 24 April 2009, Woolas proposed a new settlement for Gurkhas who were discharged before 1997. These proposals later were denounced in a vote in the Commons. Woolas was subsequently confronted at the BBC studios by actress Joanna Lumley, the face of the Gurkha Justice Campaign. After Lumley pursued Woolas around the studio, the pair held an impromptu press conference in which she pressured him into agreeing to further talks over the settlement rights of Gurkhas. On 21 May 2009, Home Secretary Jacqui Smith announced that all Gurkha veterans who had served four years or more in the British Army before 1997 would be allowed to settle in Britain. Gurkhas serving after 1997 had been given UK settlement rights in 2004.
Woolas stated that cost was a prime consideration: “Our estimate is £1.4 billion, and I remind the House that that would come from the defence budget.” However, according to a FoI request, the only impact on the defence budget has been £20,000 per year to set up and run the settlement office in Kathmandu.
Phil, the biggest pig in the Commons, was forced to back down by a superannuated Joanna Lumley who makes a point of talking in a breathy voice to ridiculous old men who bang on about her charm; for her part, Joanna enjoys commenting on the number of beautiful, intelligent young woman around today who lack Grace. Joanna knows about Dafydd and Gwynne and she knows about the trade in beautiful young people that they ran when she was young. Joanna banged on at length about the Bravery of the Gurkhas. Gurkhas have a reputation for Bravery on account of their very savage performance in combat. However, if Britain makes use of that, Phil Woolas should not be trying to move the goalposts and cheat them. Gurkhas though are not quite as breathy Joanna portrayed them. Combat is a vicious business Joanna, but then your role in life is to wear a thick coating of lipstick and talk in that breathy voice about Charm and Grace rather than to have your guts sliced open.
Woolas was re-elected in the 2010 General Election, although the result was later overturned. Woolas gave his backing to close political ally Uncle Harry’s other nephew David Miliband and represented David at events throughout the country. ‘The Times’ described Woolas as “a campaign fixer for Mr Miliband”. However, Woolas officially nominated Diane Abbott, at the request of David Miliband. Woolas said “I nominated her as an act of pluralism. We thought it would send a strong signal that David will be an inclusive leader.” As one of Ralph’s sons, Uncle Harry’s nephews and Eric Hobsbawm’s friends, how could David ever be anything else?
In his 2010 re-election campaign, Woolas’s campaigning methods were heavily criticised by his Liberal Democrat opponents and the Muslim Public Affairs Committee UK (MPACUK). Critics accused him, among other things, of “inflaming racial tensions” in an area that has already known race riots. Trevor Phillips, Head of the Equality and Human Rights Commission and a former Labour politician, described some of the language used in the Party’s leaflets as “not helpful.” But then Trevor is almost as culpable as Woolas and Lumley re the Gang, as discussed in previous posts.
Woolas and his agent, Joe Fitzpatrick, were also responsible for photo manipulation of images in his election addresses. In one case they manipulated an image to show his Liberal Democrat opponent Elwyn Watkins in front of armed police, allegedly to imply Watkins had been arrested. This was a composite image, consisting of a portrait of Watkins and a photograph of armed police patrolling London. The Met Police insignia was also airbrushed from a female officer’s jacket.
Woolas won the election and was returned to Parliament with a majority of 103 votes, down from 3,590. Following the election of Uncle Harry’s other nephew Ed as the Labour Party Leader, Woolas was reappointed to the immigration brief on the Shadow Front Bench. The ‘New Statesman’ said it was a “bizarre decision” as Woolas had “run one of the most disgraceful election campaigns in recent history”.
On 28 May 2010, Woolas’s Liberal Democrat opponent, Elwyn Watkins, issued an election petition against the result, under section 106 of the Representation of the People Act 1983.
During the court case, held in public at Saddleworth Civic Hall, a number of emails between Woolas and his campaign team emerged. In one, Woolas’s agent and former Labour councillor, Joseph Fitzpatrick, had emailed Woolas and Steven Green, the MP’s campaign adviser, to say: “Things are not going as well as I had hoped … we need to think about our first attack leaflet.” A reply from Fitzpatrick said: “If we don’t get the white vote angry he’s gone.” Some criticised these tactics in light of significant existing racial tensions in the area. During the course of the court case, both Woolas and Fitzpatrick were cautioned by the presiding judge in respect of possible criminal charges relating to election offences. The court hearing finished in September 2010. In November 2010, the Court ruled that Woolas breached section 106 of the Representation of the People Act 1983 and ordered a fresh election.
In a statement released through his lawyer, Woolas stated that “this election petition raised fundamental issues about the freedom to question and criticise politicians” and that it “will inevitably chill political speech”. Woolas applied for a judicial review into the ruling; as the Labour Party withdrew its support Woolas had to finance it himself and he started to ask for donations. The High Court rejected his request for a judicial review. Woolas launched a second judicial review, technically a renewed application for permission to seek judicial review and was heard in person at the High Court on 16 November 2010. The judges’ decision took longer than expected, with them saying that there were “difficult questions to resolve”.
Following the initial Court result, Woolas received goodwill messages from former Labour PM Gordon, as well as from Cherie. Labour MP Graham Stringer was vocally supportive and criticised Harriet and the Labour Party for suspending Woolas. A decision on the second request was published on 3 December 2010. Woolas was accompanied to Court by the Labour Shadow Health Secretary John Healey. The Court granted Woolas permission to bring a judicial review and that review overturned one of the three breaches of the section 106 of the Representation of the People Act 1983 found by the Election Court. The other two breaches stood: “this does not affect the certificate as the findings of an illegal practice in relation to the other two matters cannot be impugned”. On leaving court, Woolas said, “It is the end of the road – I am out.” In the subsequent by-election held on 13 January 2011, the new Labour candidate, Debbie Abrahams, defeated Elwyn Watkins. Previous posts have discussed the extraordinary background of the deeply compromised Debbie Abrahams.
Although the verdict of the Election Court indicated a breach of criminal law on the part of Woolas, in March 2011 the CPS announced that it would not bring criminal charges against him as the finding of the Election Court already disqualified him from holding elected office and they felt that this was sufficient punishment.
The CPS also declined to prosecute Joseph Fitzpatrick although as election agent he was responsible for the items deemed to have broken the law; he later stood unsuccessfully in Oldham as a Council candidate for UKIP.
At the time, a number of people spoke in the media re the disgraceful behaviour of Woolas and about how from the moment that he entered politics, standards wherever he was had ended up in the gutter, with smears, lies and intimidation.
Phil Woolas is a very, very nasty piece of work. He was known to be when he was hairy and casual and in the NUS rather than a grinning New Labour twat in a shiny suit. There was much bad feeling re Woolas in the NUS and when he became President there were a great many who hinted that he had done something seriously disgusting to bag that job, even more disgusting that the usual disgusting things. People did not like Woolas but no-one dared mention, at least in print in the NUS publications, exactly what it was that he did to become President in 1984. I remember the bitterness well. I had no idea that I was the reason that the toe rag bagged that Presidency and if anyone had ever told me, I’d have happily gone public on how the NUS were colluding with Gwynne and a gang of criminal Top Doctors… Every one of the worthless scumbags thrashed out a deal in return for keeping quiet about Gwynne and Wood et al after I took the matter to the UCNW Students Union and watched them wet themselves with terror.
Woolas was selected as a Labour candidate for exactly the same reasons and it is why the talentless gobshite (to use a Caernarfon phrase) rose up through New Labour so rapidly and received full support from Uncle Harry’s nephews, Miranda, Cherie, Gordon etc. Furthermore the conspiracy went far further than I ever realised…
Woolas, a Manchester United F.C. and Lancashire County Cricket Club supporter, lives in Greater Manchester, which is of course the site of a big ring linked to the Gang in north Wales. He is married to events organiser and ex-lobbyist Tracey Allen, who was a founding partner of Morgan Allen Moore lobbyists.
Woolas is a Director of two organisations – Boothwood Partners, an environmental consultancy and Wellington Street Partners, a political lobbying partnership originally formed with former MPs Paul Keetch (Lib Dem) and Sir Sydney Chapman (Conservative).
Thomas Hodgkin (1798-1866) who first described Hodgkin’s lymphoma was Alan Hodgkin’s ancestor.
Alan Hodgkin died in 1998 in Cambridge.
Sir Sam Curran’s brother Robert was a well-known Top Doctor. Robert Crowe Curran is remembered by the Royal College of Physicians’ ‘Lives Of The Fellows’ online:
b.28 July 1921 d.5 September 2006
MB ChB Glasg (1943) MD(1956) MRCP(1959) FRSE(1962) FRCPath (1965) FRCP(1969)
Robert Crowe Curran was Leith Professor of Pathology at the University of Birmingham.
A colleague of Bluglass et al. Bluglass wasn’t the only thing terribly wrong at Birmingham University re the Top Doctors. My post ‘An Expression Of Their Faith’ discusses how staggering negligence on the part of senior Top Docs at Birmingham University resulted in the death of a lab technician from smallpox in 1978 and the subsequent suicide (under circumstances in which his colleagues should have been able to save his life) of one of the Top Docs held to be responsible. The lab had been warned repeatedly about standards and there had been another smallpox incidence just a few years before, in the same lab. Lord Robert Hunter was Vice-Chancellor of Birmingham University at the time, a Top Doc who ensured that he did not get splattered in the fall out from the lethal smallpox outbreak. A carefully planned Inquiry and HSE investigation ensured that no-one Big who was responsible suffered too much and the dangerous practices continued.
He was born in Wishaw, Scotland, the son of John Hamilton Curran, a foreman in a steel works, and Sarah Carson Curran née Crowe, the daughter of a railway station master, who was originally from Ballymena in County Antrim. The couple had four sons. Robert’s brother, Samuel Crowe Curran (who was eventually knighted) also had a distinguished career, as a physicist and the first principal and vice-chancellor of the University of Strathclyde, the first of the new technical universities in the UK. Robert was educated at Wishaw High School, where he was an athletics champion, and then went on to study medicine in Glasgow. He qualified in 1943 and then held house posts at the Royal and Western Infirmaries, Glasgow.
So Robert Curran was one of those who maintained the terrible conditions in the hospitals in Glasgow described by R.D. Laing.
From 1945 to 1947 he was a medical officer at the Royal Army Medical Corps in India. Following his demobilisation, he returned to the university department of pathology at Glasgow, as a lecturer. In 1955 he was appointed as a senior lecturer at the University of Sheffield and as an honorary consultant at the United Sheffield Hospitals.
Savile had already begun to get his feet under the table in Sheffield by then. Hans Krebs’s stronghold was at Sheffield University and Krebs’s colleagues were members of the Gang’s wider circle. See post ‘The Big Questions’.
He gained his MD in 1956. From 1958 to 1966 he was professor of pathology and an honorary consultant at St Thomas’ Hospital, London,
It was all happening at Tommy’s during those years. Dr Death qualified and then worked with the Dafydd of Tommy’s, William Sargant, who conducted dangerous mad experiments on his patients killing many of them in the process. Dr Death was Sargant’s research registrar which can only mean that he did the leg work re those experiments. See eg. ‘Dr Death’. Meanwhile Ann and Peter Dally also qualified as Top Docs at Tommy’s and worked as junior Docs, before embarking on their careers as drug dealers to Princess Margaret and other celebs. When a junior Doc, Ann Dally was always happy to carry out the illegal abortions that took place nearly daily at Tommy’s, as long as the patients could pay. See ‘Little Things Hitting Each Other’.
Sister Hutt’s father Michael Hutt trained as a Top Doc at Tommy’s at about that time and after holding a Chair in Makerere University in Uganda no less, 1962-70, returned to the UK to take up a Chair at Tommy’s. Sister Hutt’s dad pegged out on 29 March 2000, the month following the publication of the Waterhouse Report. I do hope that foul play was not at work.
where he continued his experimental work on silicosis.
Prof Jethro Gough and some of the crowd who were facilitating organised abuse at the Welsh National School of Medicine throughout the 1950s, 60s and 70s claimed expertise in silicosis and thus will have probably known Robert Curran. See post ‘Successful Surgery On King George VI!’.
From 1966 he was Leith Professor of Pathology at Birmingham.
Robert Bluglass was working in Birmingham and rising up through the ranks by the early 70s. There was already a network of organised abusers in place who welcomed Bluglass with open arms. Bluglass was a member of Dafydd’s partner gang which had colonised Birmingham by the 1960s. The Gang had links to Birmingham stretching back to the 1940s, with Bertrand Russell’s and Clough’s mates sitting as MPs for Birmingham constituencies, including Woodrow Wyatt – who later became a good friend of both the Digger and Thatch – and John Strachey (Clough’s brother-in-law), who was at the time an ally of Oswald Mosley. See previous posts.
He was an early exponent of the use of radioactive isotopes in experimental pathology, and was quick to see the potential of the electron microscope, as well as the application of immunohistological techniques in the study of lymphomas. He was an early pioneer in the UK of the development of SNOP (systematised nomenclature of pathology) coding of diagnostic histopathology data: SNOP was designed to describe pathological specimens according to their morphology and anatomy. He wrote papers on diseases of the connective tissues, among other subjects, and authored an influential textbook, Colour atlas of histopathology (London, Baillière, Tindall & Cassell, 1996), illustrated with his own photomicrographs (or photographs taken through a microscope).
Being a histopathologist, Robert Curran will have known the histopathology crowd at Royal Postgraduate Medical School/Hammersmith Hospital who taught me in 1986-87, who were fabricating research and had strong connections to the Gang.
Reading back through old posts on this blog earlier I was reminded of something simply outrageous that Dafydd did after he unlawfully imprisoned me in the North Wales Hospital Denbigh in Dec 1986-Jan 1987. My post ‘Behind The Scenes – At The North Wales Hospital Denbigh’ details some of the documents now in my possession. After I was released from Denbigh suddenly and without warning, driven to a train station by Angels, physically put on a train to London and told to ‘shut my mouth about DA’ and never to come back to north Wales again, Dafydd documented that he rang D.G.E. Wood at the Student Health Centre at UCNW – Wood was no longer my GP and I had graduated from UCNW more than two years previously – and they had then rung my tutor at Hammersmith. Without my permission or knowledge. I knew nothing of this until I read those documents a few years ago. Neither was the contact with Hammersmith anything to do with arranging any sort of after care for me. I have mentioned previously that I did not have any aftercare, but I was threatened and pursued by various thugs and nasties as soon as I was back in London. I have also explained that other documentation was fabricated by a doc of whom I had never heard, which stated that I was discharged from Denbigh at a later date in February, rather than in Jan when I was put on that train and threatened and was assessed on the day of discharge as suffering from Paranoid Schizophrenia no less. I have mentioned before that had one of those nasties who came after me caught me and my dead body had been found, it would never have been identified because documents showed that I was safely in Denbigh at the time suffering from Paranoid Schizophrenia. Although Dafydd and Wood and UCNW had rung my tutor at Hammersmith, who was obviously fully on board…
Previous posts have discussed the many connections between Hammersmith and the Gang, the most direct one at the time being Richard Bentall working as a clinical psychologist with the Gang at UCNW. Richard’s father was Prof Hugh Bentall the very wealthy cardiac surgeon at Hammersmith who virtually ran the place and who’s wrongdoing is discussed in ‘Interesting Facts’. Richard was married to the daughter of Eifion Jones, the Dean of the Science Faculty at UCNW, a man who was Of The Gang. Richard’s wife had completed her own degree in the Dept of Plant Biology at UCNW, with the friends and relations of the Gang who worked in that Dept, including Wood’s wife and Ralph Oxley, who’s wife Isabel Hargreaves was a social worker for Gwynedd Social Services. After her degree, Richard’s wife trained as an Angel. See previous posts.
So Hammersmith would seem to have been involved with something truly dreadful, as were UCNW…
He was President of the Royal College of Pathologists between 1981 and 1984. He also represented the college on the Conference of Royal Colleges and Faculties, and was Secretary of the Conference.
Peak Dafydd and Gwynne years; Dafydd was still calling the shots at the Dept of Psychology at UCNW. Curran will have known about much of it. Sister Hutt’s dad was the Prof of Pathology at Tommy’s and remained as an Emeritus after he retired in 1983, so he’ll have been au fait. Previous posts have explained that when Alun Davies rang the police repeatedly in 2002 demanding that they arrest me after I had told his secretary over the phone that he was a fat idiot and when they refused he rang them back saying that I’d threatened to kill him, he was at the National Assembly for Wales in Cardiff meeting Sister Hutt and her officials, Sister Hutt being the Health Minister at the time. They couldn’t have not noticed Davies ringing the police nine times demanding that I be arrested, having a row with them when they refused and then Davies ringing back again saying that I’d threatened to murder him.
A Wimmin’s Champ:
Outside medicine, he was interested in electronics, photography, dancing, ornithology, watching football and playing golf.
All of which will have been put to good use. Previous posts explained how the people who shared my house on Anglesey were members of Bangor Bird Group, as were many other people who knew me, including Anne who was killed by the Gang in April 1986. I have also discussed a teacher from St David’s College, Llandudno, who joined Bangor Bird Group in 1984 and made such an intimidating nuisance of himself with regard to male freshers who felt unable to deal with him that senior members of the Bird Group, including a local GP Eddie Urbanski, asked him to not attend any longer. Even Eddie didn’t seem to wake up to why a predatory man working at a boarding school with a big proportion of SEN pupils had worked out that targeting male freshers in UCNW might have been a good idea. The man from St David’s College was as ever constructed as an undesirable one-off…
In 1947 he married Margaret Marion Park, the daughter of a mercantile assistant. They had one son, Andrew, and one daughter, Marjorie.
A Prof Andrew Curran took up the post as Chief Scientific Adviser and Director of Research at the Health and Safety Executive in March 2015. Prof Curran’s career highlights have included service as the Deputy Chief Executive at the Health and Safety Laboratory and the Scientific Chairman of PEROSH (Partnership for European Research in Occupational Safety and Health).
I mentioned Prof Andrew Curran in a previous post as a possible offspring of another Top Doc of note. I’m not sure to which famille Curran Prof Andrew belongs, but there have been a few Top Doc Currans featured on this blog. Desmond Curran was the daddy of the traffickers on the Dept of Psychiatry at St George’s Hospital Medical School; Desmond, being an Expert In Sexual Deviance including Poofs, was given responsibility for ‘treating’ Norman Scott years before Mr Thrope stood trial after Norman had a nervous breakdown following extended fuckwittery and bad behaviour from Mr Thrope. See eg. ‘Meet The Gwerin!’.
Now to introduce Ernst Boris Chain, a colleague of some of those mentioned above.
Ernst Chain was born in Berlin, the son of Margarete and Michael Chain, a chemist and industrialist. His family was Jewish; his father emigrated from Russia to study chemistry and his mother was from Berlin. In 1930, Ernst received his chemistry degree from Friedrich Wilhelm University.
After the Nazis came to power, Chain understood that he would no longer be safe in Germany. He left Germany and moved to England, arriving on 2 April 1933. Geneticist and physiologist J.B.S. Haldane helped him obtain a position at UCL. Haldane was a central player in the UCL network discussed above.
After a couple of months Chain was accepted as a PhD student at Fitzwilliam House, Cambridge University, where he began working under the direction of Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins. In 1935, Chain accepted a job at Oxford University as a lecturer in pathology. During this time Chain worked on a range of research topics, including snake venoms (which was, most appropriately, what Dr Bill Hemmings worked on at UCNW as the Gang pursued him) and tumour metabolism. Ernst Chain was naturalised as a British subject in 1939.
In 1939, Ernst Chain joined Howard Florey and they revisited the work of Alexander Fleming, who had described penicillin nine years earlier. Chain and Florey went on to discover penicillin’s therapeutic action and its chemical composition and how to isolate and concentrate the bacteriocidal agent in penicillin. Along with Edward Abraham Ernst Chain was also involved in theorising the beta-lactam structure of penicillin in 1942, which was confirmed by X-ray crystallography done by Dorothy Hodgkin in 1945. For this research, Chain, Florey, and Fleming received the Nobel Prize in 1945.
Towards the end of World War II, Chain learned his mother and sister had been killed by the Nazis. After World War II, Chain moved to Rome, to work at the Istituto Superiore di Sanità (Superior Institute of Health). Chain returned to Britain in 1964 as the founder and Head of the Biochemistry Dept at Imperial where he stayed until his retirement. So Chain would have known the crowd at Imperial, including those with strong connections to Bangor and the Gang.
Chain was a lifelong friend of Professor Albert Neuberger, whom he met in Berlin in the 1930s.
On 17 March 1948 Chain was appointed FRS.
In 1948, Ernst Chain married Anne Beloff-Chain, sister of Renee Soskin, Max Beloff, John Beloff and Nora Beloff. Like her husband, Anne was a biochemist. Ernst Chain was an ardent Zionist and he became a member of the Board of Governors of the Weizmann Institute of Science at Rehovot in 1954 and later a member of the Executive Council. He raised his children within the Jewish faith, arranging much extracurricular tuition for them. Chain’s views were expressed most clearly in his speech ‘Why I am a Jew’ given at the World Jewish Congress Conference of Intellectuals in 1965.
On 8 July 1969 Chain was appointed a Knight Bachelor.
Chain died at the Mayo General Hospital on 12 Aug 1979. Mr Thrope had been acquitted at the Old Bailey in June 1979. Mary Wynch was illegally imprisoned by Dafydd at the time.
The Beloffs, the family into whom Chain married, have been discussed on the blog previously but I’ll remind readers of them once more.
Ernst’s wife Lady Anne Ethel Beloff-Chain (26 June 1921-2 December 1991) was born in 1921 in Hampstead to Simon Beloff and Marie Katzin. Her parents were of Russian–Jewish background. She completed a degree in chemistry from UCL in 1942 before completing a PhD in the biochemistry of skin burns with Rudolph Peters at Oxford University. Anne visited Harvard Medical School in 1946 to perform research and returned to the UK in 1948. In the same year she married Ernst Chain, who had won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945 and moved with him to Rome.
Anne Beloff-Chain worked at Italy’s Istituto Superiore di Sanità (National Institute of Health) with Ernst Chain, 1948-64 and held the position of Chief Research Scientist. In 1964, Beloff-Chain and her husband were recruited by Imperial – by then already a stronghold of the Gang’s Big Mates, as discussed in ‘The Two Culture Of Organised Abuse’- and they returned to London. Anne was appointed Professor of Biochemistry at Imperial in 1983, but she decided to leave, with her research team, in 1985 and join the University of Buckingham.
1985 was the year after Brown and I complained about Gwynne and by the summer of 1985 I had gone to see Keith Best about wider matters re the psychiatric services in Gwynedd. Anne’s brother Lord Max Beloff was a friend of Ioan Bowen Rees, the Chief Exec of Gwynedd Social Services. Ioan was mates with Dafydd, had known Gwynne for years, was mates with Huw Thomas the Chief Exec of Gwynedd Health Authority and was one of the key figures in the Gang. In his early career in the late 1950s/early 60s, Ioan had worked as a solicitor for Denbighshire County Council when Gwynne was lobotomising. Ioan also knew the gerontocracy at UCNW, his mum and dad were both UCNW graduates. I now know that the cover-up went as high as Thatch and that Cabinet Ministers knew that I was kicking up a fuss in 1984-85. Lord Max Beloff was one of the founders of the University of Buckingham, the first private university in the UK. It was Thatch’s flagship university and she served as Chancellor, 1992-98.
A £250,000 new laboratory was built and Lord Max’s sister became a Professor at the University of Buckingham in 1986. My friend Anne Vernon was killed in April 1986; I was unlawfully detained at Ysbyty Gwynedd in August 1986 by Gwynedd social worker Jackie Brandt, where I met Dafydd who tried to Talk Sex and who told me to get out of Wales and never come back when I challenged him; I began the MSc at Hammersmith Hospital in Sept 1986 and Ollie Brooke was jailed on 18 Dec 1986. On 13/14 Dec 1986, Dafydd had me wrongly arrested and illegally imprisoned at Denbigh. Anne and Ernst’s pals at Imperial/Hammersmith Hospital were on board with the Cunning Plan.
It was in 1986 that Patient F was fitted up by the Gang for Class A drugs offences and arson and spent a year unlawfully imprisoned variously in Risley Remand Centre and the North Wales Hospital.
It was the Clore Foundation who provided the dosh for Anne Beloff-Chain to establish and head the Department of Biochemistry at the University of Buckingham, where she worked until her death on 2 December 1991.
Anne died in Dafydd and Gwynne Big Mates Central, Camden Town.
In July 1985, the year that Anne Beloff-Chain decided to leave Imperial with her entourage for the green pastures of Buckingham, which was just waiting for Anne to come along and establish a Dept of Biochemistry, Mary Wynch’s case was heard by Lord Donaldson, the Master of the Rolls and she won. Mary made legal history when she won that case and in the summer of 1985 it was reported in all the London-based broadsheets. It also made the TV news bulletins. Dafydd and the Gang admitted guilt and offered a compensation sum that was accepted by Mary. That was publicised in the media. What was never publicised was that they then simply refused to pay Mary as agreed, declaring that if she wanted her dosh, she’d have to return to Court to enforce payment. Mary couldn’t afford to, because Dafydd had fleeced her of her money and property on the grounds that she was insane and wasn’t fit to inherit and handle her financial affairs; that was part of her case against Dafydd, the case that she won… Mary never received that compensation.
Not that Mary was the only person who had been fleeced by Dafydd using that tried and tested technique.
Renee Rachel Soskin JP (December 1916-98), was born Renee Rachel Beloff. She was educated at King Alfred School, London and the Royal Academy of Music and trained for the stage. She married Moses G. Soskin.
Renee was a speech and drama teacher. She taught drama at the Royal Academy of Music. Renee was Managing Director of a City of London finance house and became a Company Director of two companies. In 1970 she became the new proprietor of Bury Lawn Independent Day School a coeducational school in Milton Keynes. The school is now called the Webber Independent School.
Renee was a County of London Magistrate and Chairman of the Hampstead Liberal Association for four years. In 1958 she was first elected a Member of the Liberal Party Council. Renee was Liberal candidate for Bedfordshire South at the 1959 General Election. During the 1959 General Election campaign Renee featured in a televised Liberal Party Election Broadcast, although the additional exposure was not enough to help her win and she finished third. In 1961 Renee was elected Vice-President of the Women’s Liberal Federation, serving until 1963. In 1964 she was Vice-Chairman of the Women’s Liberal Federation. Renee was Liberal candidate for Hampstead at the 1964 General Election and Liberal candidate again for Hampstead at the 1966 General Election. On both occasions she finished third.
|Conservative||Norman John Cole||25,861||47.1|
|Labour||Walter Hamlet Johnson||21,102||38.5|
|Liberal||Renee Rachel Soskin||7,912||14.4|
|Conservative||Rt Hon. Henry Brooke||19,888||43.3|
|Labour||John W T Cooper||18,053||39.3|
|Liberal||Renee Rachel Soskin||8,019||17.4|
|Labour||Benjamin Charles George Whitaker||22,963||46.8|
|Conservative||Rt Hon. Henry Brooke||20,710||42.2|
|Liberal||Renee Rachel Soskin||5,182||10.7|
|Socialist (GB)||Harry Baldwin||211||0.4|
|Labour gain from Conservative|
John Beloff (19 April 1920-1 June 2006) was a Prof of Psychology at Edinburgh University and a parapsychologist. Beloff was born and brought up in London and served in the British Army in WW II. John Beloff worked in an architect’s office, then studied at London University where he graduated in 1952. Shortly after graduation he married Halla Beloff, a fellow psychology student who was ten years younger. Together, they spent a year at Illinois University and then enrolled for PhDs at Queen’s University Belfast, completing their PhDs in 1956. In 1962 John and Halla both were offered jobs at the same department of the University of Edinburgh and worked there until retirement.
John and Halla had a daughter Zoe, who became an international artist.
John Beloff had been interested in parapsychology from an early age and served as President of the Society for Psychical Research, 1974-76. He was an executor of Arthur Koestler‘s will in 1983 and was instrumental in setting up the first UK Chair of parapsychology, the Koestler Parapsychology Unit at Edinburgh in 1985. Beloff’s belief in paranormal powers and parapsychological statements were heavily criticized by Nicholas Humphrey for being based on wishful thinking. Science writer Martin Gardner dismissed Beloff as credulous and willing to believe. Beloff had endorsed some fraudulent mediums such as Helen Duncan. Gardner quoted Beloff as admitting “my own ignorance of conjuring techniques may have misled me”, but Gardner noted despite this, he still went on believing. Beloff had endorsed levitations, psychic surgery, the “thoughtographs” of Ted Serios and various spiritualist mediums as genuine evidence for the paranormal. Beloff favoured mind-body dualism. This view was criticized by Margaret Boden a Professor of Cognitive Science in a detailed review.
Arthur Koestler has been discussed in previous posts. Koestler was lauded as a Thinking Giant and was incredibly well-networked with other Thinking Giants of the 20th century.
Arthur Koestler (5 September 1905-1 March 1983), a Hungarian British author and journalist was born in Budapest and apart from his early school years was educated in Austria.
Arthur Koestler lived in a house in Cwm Croesor belonging to Clough from Aug 1945 until 1948; Koestler shared the house with his then partner Mamaine Paget. Koestler was still married to his first wife Dorothy at the time; he subsequently married Mamaine in 1950. While they lived at Croesor, Koestler became a close friend of George Orwell. Mamaine and Koestler split up in 1952. She died ‘suddenly and unexpectedly’ in a London hospital as a result of asthma in June 1954.
In 1962, along with his agent, A D Peters and the editor of ‘The Observer’, David Astor, Koestler set up a scheme to encourage prison inmates to engage in arts activities and to reward their efforts. The charity exists to this day and holds an exhibition in London each year. When the charidee was established, David Astor’s brother Bill Astor was in the middle of what would soon become the very public Profumo Affair, with which Dafydd and Gwynne were involved. Bill Astor at the time was married to Bronwen, the daughter of a Welsh judge, Sir Alan Pugh. The family home was in Hampstead but Bronwen Astor had been to boarding school in Dolgellau, the home town of Ioan Bowen Rees. Ioan’s father was a Master in the Grammar School at Dolgellau. There was one years difference in age between Ioan and Bronwen. See previous posts…
There is much evidence that Arthur Koestler was a deeply unpleasant and very abusive man. Michael Foot’s wife Jill Craigie maintained that he brutally raped her in 1951. This is one of the more well-known anecdotes; there were many other accusations that Koestler was abusive, particularly towards women and often sexually violent.
During the final years of his life, Koestler, Brian Inglis and Tony Bloomfield established the KIB Society (named from the initials of their surnames) to sponsor research “outside the scientific orthodoxies”. After Koestler’s death it was renamed The Koestler Foundation.
In his capacity as Vice President of the Voluntary Euthanasia Society, later renamed Exit, Koestler wrote a pamphlet on suicide, outlining the case both for and against, with a section dealing specifically with how best to do it. He and his wife Cynthia killed themselves on the evening of 1 March 1983 with overdoses of the barbiturate Tuinal taken with alcohol. Their bodies were discovered on the morning of 3 March, by which time they had been dead for 36 hours. Since the double suicide, there have been serious concerns that Cynthia may have been coerced into killing herself by Koestler. Cynthia was years younger than him – still in her mid-50s – and not in poor health. There have been allegations that Koestler completed dominated Cynthia and could well have persuaded her that life without him would be worthless.
No-one but Edinburgh University would accept the bequest in Koestler’s will for a Chair of Parapsychology. See previous posts.
At the time of Koestler’s death, the Gang were after Brown and me. Brown had already been visited by their emissary Paul Bates who had held Brown hostage with a swordstick after trashing his room and threatened to come back and kill him. I was telling my tutor at Bangor, Adrian Bell, what was happening but it just didn’t seem to sink in. I told D.G.E. Wood as well, but no, he wasn’t in the least bit concerned either. Brown and I didn’t know about Koestler’s connection with north Wales and the Gang – Koestler’s links weren’t only due to Koestler having lived at Cwm Croesor – but I’d mentioned his work and his death to Bell. Since writing the blog I’ve been told that Bell might have thought that Brown and I knew people in north Wales who were involved with Koestler’s network.
The Society for Psychical Research with which Koestler and John Beloff were involved was a rather eccentric organisation. When he was at school, Brown wrote to them and although they were delighted to hear from someone young because they all seemed to be rather elderly, they were a tight circle of rather batty people and one could only become a member if one was nominated by another member, a la the Athenaeum. Thus it was a circle of elderly friends. There was a Prof at Bangor, Clement Mundle, who was a member of the Society for Psychical Research, although Brown and I didn’t know him. I will return to Clement shortly…
Koestler’s partner Mamaine’s twin sister was Celia Goodman. Celia’s obituary was published by ‘The Guardian’ on 6 Nov 2002 and was written by D.J. Taylor:
Little in Goodman’s upbringing could have prepared her for the world of writers, musicians and artists she came to occupy. Born to parents who were offshoots of the aristocratic Paget clan,
The Pagets are the Marquess of Anglesey’s family. In the 1980s at least they were very influential in the Tory Party in north Wales and in the Anglican Church. Charles Paget, 6th Marquess of Anglesey served as President of UCNW, 1945–47. Charles Paget succeeded William Ormsby-Gore, 4th Baron Harlech as President and preceded Lloyd Tyrell-Kenyon, 5th Baron Kenyon. See previous posts.
she and Mamaine were orphaned at the age of 12 by their father’s death – their mother had died a week after their birth – after which they were brought up by a cousin in an exclusive world of English and French boarding schools. Presented at court, and a fixture of late 1930s Mayfair ballrooms, they made “glamorous appearances at concerts and Glyndebourne”, as one friend put it, which passed into society legend.
Celia worked as a wartime nurse – there was an unsuccessful marriage to the Irish writer Patrick Kirwan – but the intellectual side of her character had already begun to declare itself. She was briefly employed on Cyril Connolly’s 1940s monthly, Horizon, and was an editorial assistant on Humphrey Slater’s short lived Polemic, a highbrow quarterly designed by Ben Nicolson and featuring contributions from, among others, Orwell, JD Bernal and AJ Ayer.
Drawn into Orwell’s orbit at a Welsh house party at Christmas 1945 – they met for the first time at Paddington station, where Orwell arrived with his 18-month-old adopted son, Richard – Celia was left in a quandary. Koestler, then living with Mamaine (they were married in 1950), strongly favoured his friend’s suit, suggesting that Celia might “pep him up a bit” – exhausted by the war and his wife’s death, Orwell was about to become seriously ill. In the end, however, Celia wrote an equivocal reply, and, shortly afterwards, when Polemic’s backer withdrew his support, she moved to Paris to work on the tri-lingual magazine Occident.
Back in London in 1948, she became Robert Conquest’s assistant at an innocuous-sounding Foreign Office subsidiary called the information research department (IRD). It had been established by the foreign secretary Ernest Bevin to support democratising influences across Europe by issuing pamphlets about communist infiltration.
Orwell’s involvement in this scheme, and the dispatch from his sickbed of a list of alleged crypto-communists, has become notorious. However, both Orwell at the time and Celia, when selected details of the list were published in 1996, were concerned to downplay its significance; though quietly emphasising the need for such items, Orwell thought it “not very sensational”.
This, after all, was the height of the cold war. And, indeed, many IRD contacts were later revealed to have had communist sympathies. Celia herself remembered seeking an opinion on something she had written about China from Guy Burgess.
In 1954, the year that Mamaine died of asthma, a condition which also afflicted Celia, she married her second husband, the diplomat Arthur Goodman. They had two children, but the marriage was cut short by his death in a shooting accident in 1964.
WHOOPS!! The year that Dafydd was given his job as a consultant at Denbigh and Harold Wilson won the General Election and appointed the Gang’s loyal supporter Sir Kenneth Robinson as Minister of Health..
Frances Partridge was not alone in wondering “what will this delicate and sensitive woman, with children to support, do without the husband on whom she seemed to lean for everything?”
In the event, after moving to Cambridge, Celia became part of a social circle that included Noel Annan, then provost of King’s College, the Tory politician RA ‘Rab’ Butler, and their wives Gabrielle and Mollie.
Noel – later Lord – Annan became VC of London University. He colluded with the Top Docs, Westminster Paedophile Ring etc. Annan’s wife was well-aware of what was going on and was on board as well. See previous posts.
Her later work included an edition of Mamaine’s letters, published in 1985.
Esteemed by friends for her “gallantry and goodness” (Frances Partridge, again), Celia remained tolerant of the countless researchers who arrived in pursuit of revelations about her famous friends, only discouraging them from climbing into the loft where the diaries of her cousin, the writer Inez Holden, another of Orwell’s friends, were stowed. “I don’t suppose you got a great deal out of me,” she wrote to one Orwell sleuth. In fact, he got a great deal, and not all of it about Orwell. In old age, as in her lively youth, Celia was a woman of spirit.
From her second marriage, she is survived by a son, a daughter, a stepson and a stepdaughter.
· Celia Mary Goodman, literary socialite, born September 7 1916; died October 19 2002
Celia and Mamaine’s cousin was high profile partyer Beatrice Inez Lisette (Paget) Holden (21 November 1903-30 May 1974), a Bohemian social figure and journalist, known for her association with George Orwell. Inez was born in Warwickshire to Wilfred Millington Holden and Beatrice Mary Byng Paget (the daughter of Herbert Byng Paget, of Darley House, Darley Dale, Derbyshire,) and had an elder brother, Wilfred Herbert. Her first memory was her father shooting at- and missing- her mother; their relationship was a fraught one, as was Holden’s own relationship with her mother, who was considered to be the second best horsewoman in England. She kept fifteen chargers, but although her extravagant nature allowed her to visit the Ritz when in London, her daughter did not benefit from it. According to Bluemel (in ‘George Orwell and the Radical Eccentrics’, which devotes considerable attention to Holden), Holden’s status as ‘a dropout from the gentry class who worked as both factory hand and intellectual’ is a contributing factor in the value of her work both generally speaking and for feminist scholars.
An allowance from her maternal uncle Jack Paget was necessarily supplemented by work for the ‘Daily Express’ (with Evelyn Waugh), as well as short stories she wrote for the ‘Evening Standard’, ‘Manchester Guardian’ and various magazines. She was one of a handful of women writers of the period to be published in Horizon, Cyril Connolly‘s leading literary magazine. Holden was sent to report on the Nuremberg Trials (which were led by Gwynne’s mate David Maxwell Fyfe aka Lord Kilmuir and also involved loyal Gang member Lord Elwyn-Jones, as discussed in previous posts); her journalism and writing film scripts for J. Arthur Rank would come to take precedence over her literary endeavours. In the 1950s, in a poor financial state, friends including Sally Chilver, (Robert Graves‘s niece), who worked at the Institute of Commonwealth Studies, arranged for her to be paid for research into the archives of the Baptist Mission to West Africa.
Inez was the model for two Augustus John drawings. She at one point lived in a flat over a garage in the garden of H. G. Wells‘ house in Regent’s Park and was present when Orwell and Wells notoriously quarrelled in August 1941; as a result, she – who had arranged the meeting at Orwell’s flat in St John’s Wood, unaware that Orwell had recently criticised Wells in an article in Horizon– was evicted by Wells. She was a friend of the poet and novelist Stevie Smith; Smith considered Holden to be ‘vigorous’ and ‘buccaneering’, with ‘admirable courage and admirable high heart’. Unfortunately insecurity on Holden’s part based on Smith’s greater successes led to the deterioration of the friendship- in 1959, Smith commented that Holden would ‘hardly address a word’ to her.
Holden never married, but had a tumultuous romantic relationship with the author and painter Humphrey Slater during the 1940s. She was a close friend, and briefly lover, of George Orwell; Anthony Powell‘s memoir ‘To Keep the Ball Rolling’ recounts his first meeting with Orwell in 1941, in which Holden played a part. He refers to her as ‘a torrential talker, an accomplished mimic… excellent company’.
Following her death, ‘Inez Holden: A Memoir’, featuring contributions from her cousin Celia and her friend Anthony Powell, appeared in the London Magazine October/ November 1974 issue. Lord Shackleton, who had been the permanent tenant of the lower floor of Holden’s flat in Lower Belgrave Street and a close friend, also wrote a short eulogy which appeared in ‘The Times’.
The Impersonation Party, 1927. Back row: Elizabeth Ponsonby, in wig as Iris Tree, Cecil Beaton on her right. Seated: Stephan Tennant, as Queen Marie of Rumania, Georgia Sitwell, with false nose, Inez Holden, Harold Acton. Foreground: Tallulah Bankhead as Jean Borotra.
Inez’s friend Lord Shackleton was Edward Arthur Alexander Shackleton, Baron Shackleton, (15 July 1911-22 September 1994), the Labour Party politician who was the son of Sir Ernest Shackleton, the Antarctic explorer. As a young man, Lord Shackleton led expeditions with the Oxford University Exploration Society and knew many well-known explorers. Shackleton will have known Sir Charles Evans the Principal of UCNW for all those years while the college was used as a vehicle for the Gang and then later when Gwynne sat in the Student Health Centre. See previous posts for details of Lord Shackleton’s career.
Arthur Koestler had a relationship with and was a lifelong close friend of Daphne Hardy Henrion (20 October 1917-31 October 2003) a member of the Royal Society of British Sculptors She was born Daphne Hardy in 1917 in Buckinghamshire, to Major Clive Hardy, a diplomat, and his wife Judith. Between 1923 and 1931 she was educated in The Hague, Daphne left school aged 14 to study art privately in the Netherlands for a year with Marian Gobius and Albert Termote. From 1934 to 1937 she attended the Royal Academy School in London. In 1937 Daphne won the school’s travelling scholarship which took her in 1938 to France and Italy. In the summer of 1939 in Paris, through mutual friends she met Koestler and they became close. During WW II Daphne worked for the Ministry of Information. After WW II, she began to establish her artistic reputation with a number of solo exhibitions and also with exhibits at the Royal Academy Summer Exhibitions.
In 1947 Daphne married the graphic designer Henri Kay Henrion but left him in the 1970s. They had two sons and a daughter. From 1980 Daphne was a member of the Royal Society of British Sculptors. She kept on working until her eighties.
Frederick Henri Kay Henrion (born Heinrich Fritz Kohn) (1914–1990), was a celebrated poster and exhibition designer, Henrion was also the founding father of modern European corporate identity. After leaving school, Henrion went to Paris and worked in textile design before studying with poster designer Paul Colin. In 1936 Henrion moved to London where he set up his studio.
During WW II Henrion was interned on the Isle of Man as an alien but subsequently worked for the Ministry of Information and the US Office of War Information, designing posters for campaigns like Dig for Victory, Aid the Wounded and Grow More Food.
After the war Henrion became Art Director at Contact Books and in 1951 he started his own design consultancy, Henrion Design Associates. As well as creating exhibitions, packaging, and book and magazine design, they worked within the then-emerging concept of corporate identity, with Henrion becoming a pioneer in the field.
Henrion’s clients included:
- British European Airways
- Blue Circle Cement
- Coopers & Lybrand
- London Electricity Board
- The Post Office.
- The National Theatre
- Tate & Lyle
Alongside his poster, packaging and advertising design work, Henrion was involved in the design of many exhibitions around the world. These included the Publicity Pavilion for the Paris International Fair and the MARS (Modern Architectural Research Society) exhibition in London. He also worked on projects for the 1938 Glasgow Empire Exhibition, the 1939 New York World’s Fair, and the Air France pavilion at the Tel Aviv Levant Fair, 1940.
After the war, Henrion continued to develop a reputation as an exhibition designer and he designed two of the pavilions at the 1951 Festival of Britain; Henrion lectured at the Royal College of Art, 1955-65 and was Head of Visual Communication at the London College of Printing, 1976-79. He also worked as an art editor for various publications, and contributed to the Council for Industrial Design‘s Design magazine.
Henrion was a member of the Artists’ International Association, the Society of Industrial Artists and Designers (later the Chartered Society of Designers) and the Council of Industrial Design. In 1952 Henrion became one of the earliest members of Alliance Graphique Internationale, in which designers from all over the world could meet and share ideas.
Henrion was elected a Royal Designer for Industry in 1959 and was appointed MBE in 1951, OBE in 1985. A late present in 1985 then, the year that Mary Wynch won her appeal to the Master of the Rolls and received widespread media coverage…
Henrion was closely involved with design institutions such as the Council of Industrial Design (later the Design Council) and ICOGRADA (International Council of Graphic Design Associations).
Daphne and Henri had many rich n famous friends, including Laurie Lee. They had three children: Max, Paul and Emma.
Max Henrion is the CEO of Lumina and the originator Analytica, of Lumina’s flagship software. He is Adjunct Professor at at Carnegie Mellon University, where he was previously a Professor in the Department of Engineering and Public Policy. He has been a Consulting Professor at Stanford University and a member of the Science Advisory Board of the US Environmental Protection Agency. At Ask Jeeves, he was Vice President for Decision Technology, leading a team to provide online consumer advice. Max has an MA in Natural Sciences from Cambridge University, Master of Design from the Royal College of Art, London and a PhD from Carnegie Mellon.
Max led a decision analysis of decommissioning offshore oil platforms that won the 2015 Decision Analysis Practice Award from the Society for Decision Professionals and the Decision Analysis Society.
Emma Henrion Helps People. Emma worked with the Health Foundation (slogan: ‘Inspiring Improvement’) on the 2012 Report ‘Overcoming Challenges To Improving Quality’ and she is listed as a Director of the Rehabilitation Services Trust for Oxfordshire Re-Employment Ltd.
Now for Clement Mundle, Prof of Philosophy at UCNW. Mundle had recently retired by the time that I arrived at UCNW and was considered to be rather mad and an embarrassment to the institution. A retired academic from Bangor recently told me that he remembered Clement Mundle arriving in the Dept of Psychology literally looking for ghosts, along with his ghost hunting team and their equipment
Until the mid 1960s there was not a Dept of Psychology at UCNW; the small group of people who subsequently formed the Psychology Dept split off from the Dept of Philosophy in 1963. Clement remained behind in the Philosophy Dept. One of those who left Clement and the Ghost Hunters to form the Dept of Psychology was Tim Miles, who became very well-known as a dyslexia specialist and has been discussed in previous posts.
Tim’s manner was that of a lovely old buffer but he absolutely must have known about Gwynne and Dafydd. Not only because Dafydd dominated the Dept of Psychology at UCNW once it was established, but because Tim’s Pioneering Research into Dyslexia was carried out on Anglesey in the 1960s among SEN children. Not only were the SEN children the kids most frequently targeted by the Gang, but the only other research being conducted on Anglesey at the time was being undertaken by Dafydd. Dafydd was leading ‘community research’ into incest on Anglesey no less. I can only imagine what the research involved. To add to the party, Lucille Hughes was the social worker responsible for children on Anglesey at the time.
Tim Miles could not have failed to notice what was happening, Dafydd is not someone who can escape one’s attention. It is highly likely that Dafydd was something to do with Tim’s research as well, Dafydd interfered in everything, he could never have stood on the side lines watching while Tim became famous for his dyslexia work.
When Dafydd and Tim were conducting their research on Anglesey, Lord Cledwyn was the Labour MP for Anglesey. Lord Cledwyn served as Secretary of State for Wales, 1966-68. The Westminster molester George Thomas was his Minister of State; George Thomas succeeded Lord Cledwyn as Secretary of State, 1968-70. Lord Cledwyn was a very old friend of the Windbag’s wife’s parents and it was Lord Cledwyn who introduced the Windbag to Jim Callaghan. See eg. ‘The Cradle Of Filth’.
Callaghan, who held a Cardiff seat, was Harold Wilson’s Home Secretary, 1967-70 and gave George Thomas’s pal and Gang member Leo Abse everything Abse needed to work towards rewriting the legislation re kids in care. The result was the Children Act 1975, which resulted in hundreds of kids being sent into the arms of the Gang in north Wales. Abse rigged the whole process and at every stage, Dafydd and the Gang ‘advised’ the stooges who sat on the Committees. There was a delay in passing the legislation when Heath was PM, but as soon as Wilson was re-elected, Dr Death kindly used his Private Member’s Bill to ensure that Abse’s law hit the statute books. See eg. post ‘Cry, The Beloved Country’.
Tony Francis was at the Welsh National School of Medicine in the latter half of the 1960s and while there knew the Windbag, when the Windbag was President of the Students’ Union in Cardiff.
George Thomas and the Welsh National School of Medicine enjoyed a very cosy relationship of mutual backscratching and concealing each others wrongdoing. See eg. The Great Stink’. My posts ‘Successful Surgery On King George VI!’ and ‘International Finance, With Grateful Thanks To Gwynne’ discussed how during the 1960s in particular the Welsh National School of Medicine was actively recruiting senior staff who played a key role in expanding the trafficking ring. Top Docs and others were being sent to Cardiff from London and vice versa and were also relocating across the UK and indeed the whole globe after having worked with the traffickers in Cardiff.
Not only was the influx of posh, English untouchable academics eg. the appointment of Patrick Mounsey, formerly of Hammersmith Hospital, as Provost of the Welsh National School of Medicine in 1969, highly effective at turning Cardiff into a fortress, but the function of the Welsh National School of Medicine was to uphold standards and regulate the NHS across the rest of Wales. It was HQ at Cardiff who diligently maintained that not only were Gwynne and Dafydd doing a great job but that the North Wales Hospital Denbigh was suitable for training Angels and Top Docs no less.
Patrick Mounsey, the Eton-educated Even Mr Bigger than Sir William Asscher Westminster Paedophile Ring link between London and Cardiff (Mounsey and Asscher were mates), died on 21 Feb 1999. Someone was wiping out the insider witnesses at a rate of knots as Ronnie Waterhouse wrote up his Report. Mounsey, then Lord Max, then Ioan…
When George Thomas was Secretary of State for Wales, Health and Social Services became devolved responsibilities, as had been organised by the previous Welsh Secretary, Lord Cledwyn, when Thomas was his Minister of State. A serial sex offender had been given responsibility for the NHS and children in care. John Allen took out the lease on the building which would become the Bryn Alyn Community in 1968, the year that George Thomas became Secretary of State.
Prof Tim Miles worked very closely with Prof Margaret Newton of Aston University re dyslexia research… See previous posts.
Presidents of the Society for Psychical Research included:
|1949||Gardner Murphy (1895–1979), Director of Research, Menninger Foundation, Topeka, Kansas; Psychologist|
|1950-1951||Samuel Soal (1889–1975), Mathematician|
|1952||Gilbert Murray (→ 1915)|
|1953-1955||F. J. M. Stratton (1881–1960), Astrophysicist, Professor in Cambridge University|
|1956-1958||Guy William Lambert (1889–1984), Diplomat|
|1958-1960||C. D. Broad (→ 1935)|
|1960-1961||H. H. Price (→ 1939)|
|1960-1963||E. R. Dodds (1893–1979), Hellenist, Professor in Birmingham and Oxford|
|1963-1965||Donald J. West (born 1924), Psychiatrist and criminologist|
|1965-1969||Sir Alister Hardy (1896–1985), Zoologist|
|1969-1971||W. A. H. Rushton (1901–1980), Physiologist, Professor in Cambridge|
|1971-1974||Clement Mundle (1916–1989), Philosopher|
|1974-1976||John Beloff (1920–2006), Psychologist at the University of Edinburgh|
|1976-1979||Arthur J. Ellison (1920–2000), Engineer|
|1980||Joseph Banks Rhine (1895–1980), Biologist and Parapsychologist|
|1980||Louisa Ella Rhine (1891–1983), Parapsychologist, wife of Joseph Rhine|
|1981-1983||Arthur J. Ellison (→ 1976)|
|1984-1988||Donald J. West (→ 1963)|
|1988-1989||Ian Stevenson (1918–2007), Psychiatrist|
|1992-1993||Alan Gauld (born 1932), Psychologist|
|1993-1995||Archie Roy (1924–2012), Professor of Astronomy in Glasgow, founded the Scottish SPR in 1987|
|1995-1998||David Fontana (1934–2010), Professor of Psychology in Cardiff|
|1998-1999||Donald J. West (→ 1963, → 1984)|
|2000-2004||Bernard Carr, Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy in London|
|2004-2007||John Poynton, Professor Emeritus of Biology, University of Natal|
|2007-2011||Deborah Delanoy, Parapsychologist|
|2011-2015||Richard S. Broughton, senior lecturer in psychology at The University of Northampton, UK|
|2015-2018||John Poynton (→2004)|
|2018-||Chris Roe, Professor of Psychology, University of Northampton|
Many of these Presidents were/are closely associated with the Gang.
Here’s more gen on Ioan Bowen Rees’s pal Max Beloff, Baron Beloff (2 July 1913-22 March 1999), the historian and Tory peer. From 1974 to 1979 Max was Principal of the University College of Buckingham, now the University of Buckingham.
Beloff was born on 2 July 1913 at 21 York House, Fieldway Crescent, Islington, the oldest child of his family. His sister Nora Beloff was a journalist and political correspondent. Norah worked for Reuters and for the ‘The Observer’, 1948-78. She married late in life, to another journo on ‘The Observer’. Although Norah did Harold Wilson a massive favour by never publishing anything about Dafydd, Gwynne et al, Harold perceived her to be anti-Labour and kept trying to persuade David Astor to sack her. Norah died on 12 Feb 1997, a few weeks after the Waterhouse Inquiry opened. She was doing the Gang favours until the very end.
Max was educated at St Paul’s School and then studied at Corpus Christi College, Oxford. The Beloff family’s lineage to the House of David as descendants of Rabbi Meir Katzenellenbogen, the Maharam of Padua, is detailed in The Unbroken Chain. Why they thought that was worth boasting about when they helped Dafydd, Gwynne and Ioan run a sex trafficking ing I’m unsure.
At school Lord Max was a conservative, was attracted to socialism once at university and became a Liberal after WW II. In the debate about educational standards in the 1960s, Max found the Labour Gov’t hostile to his idea of a university outside of the state-financed framework and felt that the liberal Party was “moving increasingly to the left”. Thus Max joined the Conservative Party upon his retirement in 1979.
Max received a K in 1980, in the immediate aftermath of Mr Thrope and Mary Wynch and on 26 May 1981 he was created a life peer, so someone was desperate to ensure that Ioan had a close friend in a high place. Max was a strong Eurosceptic and argued that Britain’s history made it incompatible with membership of the EU, which led to him writing Britain and European Union: Dialogue of the Deaf, published in 1996.
Max was a strong opponent of New Labour’s House of Lords Act and gave many speeches in the chamber defending the hereditary principle. Max died before the bill was passed. Max gave his final speech in the House of Lords on 22 March 1999, the day that he died. Max’s mate Ioan died on 4 May 1999. They were both out of the way before the publication of the Waterhouse Report in Feb 2000.
- Junior Research Fellow, Corpus Christi College, 1937
- Assistant Lecturer in History, Manchester University, 1939–46
- WW II service: Royal Corps of Signals, 1940–41.
- Nuffield Reader in Comparative Study of Institutions, Oxford University, 1946–56
In 1954, Max delivered the Albert Shaw Lectures on Diplomatic History at Johns Hopkins University for that year, with the lectures later published as Foreign Policy and the Democratic Process.
- Fellow of Nuffield College, Oxford, 1947–57
- Prof of Gov’t and Public Administration, Oxford University, 1957–74, then Prof Emeritus
- Fellow, All Souls College, Oxford, 1957–74, Emeritus Fellow, 1980–99
- Supernumerary Fellow, St Anthony’s College, Oxford, 1975–84
- Principal, University College of Buckingham, 1974–79
- Honorary Professor, St Andrew’s University, 1993-98.
Max became governor of the University of Haifa, After his death the University of Buckingham established ‘The Max Beloff Centre for the Study of Liberty’ in January 2005.
This is Ioan’s book that Lord Max recommended everyone interested in Gov’t and Democracy to read:
I lived in the same Snowdonia village as Ioan for years and the village was virtually destroyed because of the endemic corruption and crime that pervaded Gwynedd County Council, of which Ioan was CEO. I only found out years later that Ioan was an erudite Oxford-educated Expert on Local Democracy and bollocked on about Gov’t by Community and how he was on the side of the Common Man. Ioan was the most greedy elitist selfish bastard one could imagine, he lived in a huge Plas down a lane well away from the rest of us plebs and no, he didn’t hang out in the village pub no matter what nonsense was written about Ioan of the Common People in his obituaries. See ‘I Know Nuzzing…’ for further info on Ioan and some of what was going on in the village where he lived and the surrounding area.
Lord Max’s son Michael is the Human Rights barrister who is a colleague and friend of the Blairs. Michael Beloff QC provided the legal advice to Municipal Mutual, the insurers of Clwyd County Council in 1996 which ensured that the Jillings Report into the abuse of kids in care in Clwyd was completely suppressed, read only by lawyers and insurers and then pulped. Jillings did admit that the abuse was so serious and so prolonged and was known to be happening by so many in authority that Clwyd didn’t have a leg to stand on. The fear was that Clwyd were going to be sued by so many for so much that Municipal Mutual would never withstand it. Municipal Mutual also insured the North Wales Police. One of the Director of MM at the time was Merlyn Rees, who had been one of the Home Secretaries who had colluded with the abuses of the Gang. Merlyn Rees was from south Wales, an MP for Savile Central in Leeds and also served as N Ireland Secretary, in which capacity he concealed the VIP ring at the Kincora Boys’ Home. Rees was in the thick of it yet was never mentioned.
The Chairman of Municipal Mutual at the time of the suppression of the Jillings Report was Sir Basil David Henry Montgomery, 9th Baronet. Sir Basil resigned as a Director of MM on 29 May 1996 as the row over Jillings exploded. Sir Basil owned an estate in Scotland, also served as the Chairman of the Forestry Commission and was Lord Lieutenant for Perth and Kinross.
Sir Basil’s wife Delia was the daughter of Admiral Sir John Reid by his wife Jean Dundas. Delia a great granddaughter of the 12th Earl of Home, the 12th Earl being Alec Douglas Home’s grandfather.
Jean’s position in her family can be summarised thus:
Lady Beatrice was the sister of the 13th Earl of Home (Alec Douglas-Home’s father) thus the 13th Earl was Jean Reid’s uncle, which made Jean Reid Alec Douglas Home’s cousin.
Previous posts have explained how Alec Douglas Home held key Cabinet positions throughout the years that Gwynne lobotomised and that Alec’s son and heir David, the 15th Earl Home, in 1972 married Jane Williams-Wynne, a member of one of the powerful landowning families in north Wales who had been supporting the Gang and their forebears who ran the North Wales Hospital since it was built.
So that is why a Scottish aristocrat who doubled up as Chairman of the Forestry Commission and was Chairman of Municipal Mutual called in Lord Max’s son Michael Beloff QC to get them all out of a tight spot.
Sir Basil and Lady Delia are dead now but they had two sons and four daughters. Their son James David Keith Montgomery is described as an hotelier in Kinross. One of their daughters, Iona, married Benjamin Knyvett Romer-Lee, who works in the media.
Another member of the family works in the media too; Sir Basil’s mother-in-law Jean before she married was Jean Dundas and she was a relative of David Dundas, the Posh Aristocrat who in 1976 had a Hit Record and appeared on Top of the Pops singing about the joys of wearing his jeans. A great deal was made by Savile et al of the fact that David Dundas was a Real Lord; he is the son of Lawrence Dundas, 3rd Marquess of Zetland, David Dundas has also starred in TV productions and films.
When he was a student at the Central School of Speech and Drama in the 1960s, Dundas shared a Camden Town house with actor Vivian MacKerrell and film director Bruce Robinson. The house had been bought by Dundas’s parents for him to live in, but eventually according to Dundas himself “15 people were living there – there were three bedrooms”. Those years served as the basis for Robinson’s unpublished memoir and the film Withnail & I (1987). Dundas co-wrote the score for the film, considered “one of Britain’s biggest cult films”.
1987. Dafydd and the Gang were calling in as many reinforcements as possible…
In early 1960s Vivian MacKerrell starred with Ian McKellen in “Saturday Night and Sunday Morning”. MacKerrell had only a handful of TV and film credits, which included the Play for Today Edna, the Inebriate Woman (1971) and Ghost Story (1974), a horror film which also starred Marianne Faithfull.
Vivian MacKerrell was part of the insider witness genocide of 1995. His career was curtailed by heavy drinking and he died from throat cancer on 2 March 1995. After a short remission in the mid-1980s, the cancer returned and eventually a laryngectomy was performed. Unable to eat or drink, MacKerrell resorted to injecting alcohol directly into his stomach. In his last days MacKerrell contracted pneumonia after a drunk incident and died in Gloucester Royal Infirmary.
Another housemate in Dundas’s house was the actor Michael Feast (born 25 November 1946). He was born in Brighton and performed in the original 1968 London production of ‘Hair’.
‘Do ewe mean mari-jew-ana?’
Feast worked several times with John Gielgud, whom he later played in Nicolas de Jongh‘s biographical play Plague Over England. Feast had a significant role in the acclaimed TV series State of Play. He also played Aeron Greyjoy in the sixth season of the HBO series Game of Thrones.
Robinson in 2016
|Born||2 May 1946|
Sophie Windham (m. 1984)
|Awards||BAFTA Award for Best Adapted Screenplay
1984 The Killing Fields
Ah well, Ioan’s son Gruff Rhys and his mates were international rock stars by the time that Ronnie finished the Waterhouse Inquiry… See post ‘The International Language Of Screaming’.
Ernst Chain’s lifelong friend Albert Neuberger (15 April 1908-14 August 1996) was Professor of Chemical Pathology at St Mary’s Hospital, 1955-73, and subsequently Emeritus Prof. Born in Hassfurt, northern Bavaria, the first of the three children of Max Neuberger (1877–1931), cloth merchant and businessman, and Bertha (1888–1974), both religious Jews, Albert Neuberger studied medicine at the University of Wurzburg. He also took courses in chemistry there and also attended lectures given by Karl Bonhöffer, the psychiatrist and neurologist. Albert worked for a while in research in Berlin where he began his friendship with Chain.
Neuberger foresaw Hitler’s persecution of the Jews and, as with numerous other Jewish intellectuals (including Chain), Neuberger fled to London. He received a PhD from UCL after studying at UCL Medical School under Professor Sir Charles Robert Harington
Neuberger continued to research at UCL. At the start of WW II, Neuberger moved to Cambridge University, where Neuberger took on Fred Sanger as his PhD student. In 1942 Neuberger moved back to London to work at the NIMR. From 1950 to 1955 Neuberger was Head of Biochemistry at the NIMR. He then moved to St Mary’s Hospital to take up the Chair there.
Neuberger was at St Mary’s when the crazed, violent Royal Top Doc Arthur Dickson Wright worked there, father of Clarissa Dickson Wright. Dickson Wright was known to be dangerous and terrifying and he rarely actually turned up for his clinics at St Mary’s but he was nevertheless feted. Dickson Wright’s family suffered dreadfully at his hands as Clarissa admitted years later. Clarissa asked for help from her school and was told to take a running jump and her mother was told that if she (Clarissa’s mother) ever made a formal complaint about her husband’s violence, she would be sectioned and no Top Doc would challenge the decision. I can believe that and Clarissa’s mother certainly took the threat seriously. Clarissa herself blew her massive inheritance as a young woman, developed a huge booze problem and was prevented from practising as a barrister after being found guilty of misconduct. After years of alcoholic destitution, Clarissa reinvented herself as a TV celeb chef with her mate Jennifer, who had previously catered for Carlo, after Clarissa realised that by then a great many people were desperate to keep a lid on what was happening in north Wales and Clarissa had found out about a former medical researcher who would not shut up…
Read about all about it in ‘Arthur Dickson Wright – An Appreciation’.
You really are all a load of snowflakes aren’t you?? If Brown and I could challenge these bastards, what was wrong with you?
Neuberger was elected FRS in 1951, as was his son, Michael Neuberger, in 1993, a rare case of both father and son being FRS. But not that rare if your surname was something like Huxley or Neuberger. Albert Neuberger was awarded a CBE in 1964. He was also a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and the Royal Society of Chemistry. Other awards bagged by Albert included the Heberden medal of the Royal Society of Medicine (1959), the Frederick Gowland Hopkins medal of the Biochemical Society (1960), of which he was elected an honorary member in 1973). Albert was a foreign honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1972).
Albert Neuberger received honorary doctorates from Aberdeen University (1967), the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (1968) and Hull University (1981).
Albert married Lilian Dreyfus in 1943 and was the father of James Neuberger, David Neuberger, Baron Neuberger of Abbotsbury, Anthony Neuberger, and Michael Neuberger. Albert was the brother of Rabbi Herman Neuberger.
The Neubergers have all starred in previous posts, so just the highlights:
James Max Neuberger (born 4 November 1949) is a Top Doc at Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham and Professor of Medicine at Birmingham University. James is one of the editors of the journal Transplantation and is Associate Medical Director (Organ Donation and Transplantation) of NHS Blood and Transplant.
David Edmond Neuberger:
The Lord Neuberger of Abbotsbury
Lord Neuberger of Abbotsbury at the Royal Society admissions day in London, July 2017
|President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom|
1 October 2012 – 4 September 2017
|Deputy||The Lord Hope
The Baroness Hale
|Preceded by||The Lord Phillips|
|Succeeded by||The Baroness Hale of Richmond|
|Master of the Rolls|
1 October 2009 – 30 September 2012
|Preceded by||The Lord Clarke of Stone-cum-Ebony|
|Succeeded by||Lord Dyson|
|Lord of Appeal in Ordinary|
11 January 2007 – 30 September 2009
|Preceded by||The Lord Nicholls of Birkenhead|
|Succeeded by||Lord Dyson (as Justice of the Supreme Court)|
|Lord Justice of Appeal|
12 January 2004 – 11 January 2007
|Born||(1948-01-10) 10 January 1948|
|Alma mater||Christ Church, Oxford (MA)|
|This article is part of the series: Courts of England and Wales|
|Law of England and Wales|
David Edmond Neuberger, Baron Neuberger of Abbotsbury (born 10 January 1948) served as President of the Supreme Court of the UK, 2012-17. David was a Law Lord until the Lord’s judicial functions were transferred to the new Supreme Court in 2009, at which point he became Master of the Rolls. Neuberger was appointed to the Supreme Court in 2012. He also serves as a Non-Permanent Judge of the Hong Kong Court of Final Appeal.
Neuberger worked at the merchant bank, N M Rothschild & Sons, 1970–73. Neuberger was called to the Bar at Lincoln’s Inn in 1974; he became a Bencher in 1993. Lord Denning was a member of Lincoln’s Inn, as was George Carman, as is Miranda and Cherie. The finest could always be found at Lincoln’s Inn, Richard Crossman’s dad Sir Charles Stafford Crossman was a member.
David became a QC in 1987. He was a Recorder, 1990-1 October 1996, then David was appointed a High Court Judge. In 2001, David was made Supervisory Chancery Judge of Midland, Wales and Chester and of the Western Circuits, a post he held until 12 January 2004, when he was appointed a Lord Justice of Appeal and a member of the Privy Council.
David was a Law Lord in time for my trial at Mold Crown Court in 2004 then, which had it not blown up in the Gang’s face, was intended to see me imprisoned for threatening to kill Alun Davies. Alun Davies bellowed at me that I would be going to prison for seven years. Definitely. Davies probably thought that they were bombproof what with eight perjuring NHS staff and a perjuring police officer. Of course the Gang needed to prepare for all eventualities, including an appeal after conviction…
Since 2005, David the paedophiles’ friend has been co-chair (with Richard Susskind) of ITAC (Lord Chancellor’s Information Technology and Courts Committee).
Between 2006 and 2007, David led an investigation for the Bar Council into widening access to the Bar. He also served on the Panel on Fair Access to the Professions, led by former Health Secretary Alan Milburn (himself married to a Top Doc on the territory of Dafydd’s partner gang in the North East, as discussed in previous posts) which reported in July 2009. Other Panel members included Trevor Phillips, (then Head of the Commission for Equalities and Human Rights), Michael Grade, (then Chairman of ITV) and Martin Rees the Astronomer Royal.
In May 2011, while commenting on super injunctions, David said that social media sites like Twitter were “totally out of control” and society should consider ways to bring such websites under control. Twitter doesn’t fit up victims of criminal gangs led by your friends for serious offences David, it just hurls abuse at Diane Abbott and others. It shouldn’t do that, but Twitter is not half as dangerous or indeed as out of control as some of your mates.
I became so fed up with the GMC that in about 2010 I told them that I was thinking of publicising the activities of Dafydd and the Gang on Twitter lest a super injunction was served on me…
In 1976, David Neuberger married Angela Holdsworth, the TV producer and writer. They have three children, Jessica, Nicholas and Max, who are all solicitors. Neuberger’s sister-in-law, through his brother Anthony Neuberger, is Baroness Julia Neuberger Senior Rabbi of the West London Synagogue. See previous posts for full details re Julia, who involves herself with matters NHS and vulnerable people who have been shafted by her friends and relations.
David Neuberger was Chairman of the Schizophrenia Trust, 2003-13, before it merged with and was subsumed by Mental Health Research UK: David is now a Trustee of MHRUK. See previous posts for info about this farce of a research charidee and the collection of Dafydd’s mates who prop it up. David was a Governor of the University of the Arts London, 2000-10. Neuberger was President of the British Records Association from 2009 to 2012, in his capacity as Master of the Rolls.
Anthony Neuberger studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, 1969–73 and the London Business School (MBA, 1983–85; PhD, 1985–91). Anthony did a stint in the Civil Service as Principal, Department of Energy, 1975-83, dealing variously with oil taxation, nuclear fuel trade, energy policy and financial control of the electricity supply industry.
On 11 June 1983, Dafydd and Gwynne’s Mr Big with contacts in the City, Peter Walker, was appointed Energy Secretary. Walker was an essential part of the Gang and went back to the 1950s with Gwynne and Dafydd. See eg. ‘Holding The Country To Ransom – Part I’ and ‘Holding The Country To Ransom – Part II’. Nicholas Eden, Anthony Eden’s son, was a Minister in the Dept of Energy, 6 Jan 1983-11 Sept 1984. Nicholas was in the later stages of AIDS at the time; he died on 17 Aug 1985. About the time that I popped in to see Keith Best about the Gang’s activities. Walker was preceded as Energy Secretary by Nigel Lawson, who, as well as being an old friend of Peter Walker, was also keeping schtum about the ring in his area of Leicestershire that was directly linked with the Gang in north Wales. Lawson was preceded as Energy Secretary by the legendary Lord David Howell (George Osborne’s father-in-law and another Mr Big, mates with the Guildford contingent of the Top Docs as discussed in previous posts), who was preceded by Tony Benn, who was preceded by Eric Varley. The whole lot of them knew about the Westminster Paedophile Ring, as well as Dafydd and Gwynne and Anthony Neuberger will have known as well.
Before joining the Dept of Energy, Anthony was previously a Consultant, Central Policy Review Staff aka Ted Heath’s “Think Tank”), 1973–75. So Anthony was at the scene of the crime from the beginning.
Anthony held positions at the London Business School, 1991-2004, before he was appointed to the Chair of Finance at Warwick University, where he remains. Merfyn Jones did his PhD at Warwick University, where he once more pissed off a corrupt VC – Richard Crossman’s friend Lord Jack Butterworth – when he and his mates held a sit-in at the Registry and found documentation demonstrating that Butterworth had been keeping secret files on the students (probably on Merfyn) and had been involved in dodgy deals with British and American industrialists in return for dosh for Warwick University. See previous posts for details of Butterworth and the Warwick Events. Merfyn’s friend the Philanderer – who as one of Miranda’s junior Ministers cleared my name when the Gang tried to have me struck off the teaching register and was then named by the BBC as having allowed a paedophile to return to teaching – was also one of those who took part in the Warwick Events. Merfyn was appointed VC of Bangor University in 2004.
Anthony Neuberger is married to Julia Neuberger. The couple have two children, Harriet and Matthew. Julia was Chair of Camden and Islington Community Health Services NHS Trust, 1992-97, as ever-desperate attempts to conceal the ring in Camden and Islington were made and the suicide rate soared. Camden had the highest suicide rate for women in England and Wales, north west Wales had the second highest. The figures were concealed for years. Julia served as Chief Executive of that Top Docs’ Support Group the King’s Fund, 1997-2004.
Julia Neuberger was the SDP candidate for Tooting in the 1983 General Election. No she didn’t mention that St George’s Hospital (which had recently relocated from Hyde Park Corner to Tooting), Springfield Hospital and Wandsworth Social Services were partners of the Gang in north Wales and were facilitating a big sex abuse/trafficking ring right across south London. Dr Death personally knew members of the Gang.
Julia became a Dame in 2003, just after I was arrested and charged with threatening to kill Alun Davies and in June 2004 Julia was created a life peer as Baroness Neuberger, of Primrose Hill. Uncle Harry’s brother-in-law and Uncle Harry’s nephews lived in Primrose Hill, I wonder if Julia knows them?
Julia served as a Lib Dem Health spokesperson, 2004-07. On 29 June 2007, Neuberger was appointed by the incoming PM Gordon as the Govt’s champion of volunteering. Julia resigned from the Lib Dems upon becoming senior rabbi of the West London Synagogue.
In January 2013, Julia was appointed Chair of an Independent Review of the Top Docs method that eliminated many vulnerable people, the Liverpool Care Pathway. The impartiality of the appointment was questioned by some of the bereaved families, due to Julia’s previous endorsement of the pathway, which was written by Dr John Ellershaw, Medical Director of the Marie Curie Palliative Care Institute in Liverpool, in a 2003 BMJ article and Julia’s widely publicised support of the Marie Curie Institute. The results of the review were published in July 2013; accepting the review’s recommendations, the Gov’t advised that NHS hospitals should phase out the use of the LCP ie. the means by which some patients were killed by Top Docs. See previous posts.
Julia was elected Vice-President of Attend, a charidee that supports and expands the roles volunteers play in ‘creating healthy communities’, in 2006 and held the position until she retired in 2011. I haven’t seen any increase in Healthy Communities since Julia held that role. The situation remains that if you live in Primrose Hill your health will be far better and your life expectancy far longer than if you live in the poorest part of Glasgow or in Merthyr Tydfil.
Michael Samuel Neuberger (2 November 1953-26 October 2013) was a biochemist and immunologist. He completed his first degree at Trinity College, Cambridge and then obtained his PhD from Imperial. Michael Neuberger was a Fellow of, and Director of, Studies at Trinity College, Cambridge from 1985 and then Professor of Molecular Immunology there from 2002. Neuberger was also joint Head of the Protein and Nucleic Acid Chemistry division at the MRC’s Lab of Molecular Biology in Cambridge, alongside Mariann Bienz. Mariann is married to Sir Hugh Pelham, who is yet another cell biology genius who just happens to have trained and worked with all the other geniuses in this tight incestuous network… Just google Mariann and Hugh and you’ll soon get the hang of what is going on.
Michael Neuberger died of myeloid myeloma in 2013 while still in his 50s. Here’s an extract from his obituary that was published on the MRC website:
Michael Neuberger, Deputy Director of the LMB and Head of Division of Protein and Nucleic Acid Chemistry died on Saturday 26 October, after several months of serious illness. He was an outstanding and brilliant scientist.
Michael was educated at Westminster School and Trinity College Cambridge, received a first class honours degree in Natural Sciences (Biochemistry), and started a PhD in Biochemistry with Brian Hartley at Imperial College in London in 1974. His interest in biochemistry followed in the tracks of his father, Albert Neuberger, who was a distinguished biochemist (and former PhD supervisor of Frederick Sanger).
At Imperial College, Michael studied the experimental evolution of enzymes in Klebsiella aerogenes, using transducing phages to analyze gene duplications of the evolved enzymes. The work won him a Junior Research Fellowship at Trinity College in 1977, and after a year of postdoctoral work at Imperial College he applied to work at the LMB with Cesar Milstein. Cesar recommended that he first learn some immunology, and Michael went to work with Klaus Rajewsky in the University of Cologne on an EMBO Fellowship….
It all went well until Michael himself became ill and had to rely on his cheating liars of colleagues who have spent decades fabricating research and lying about the efficacy of treatments… Michael was another one who died at dear old Addenbrookes Hospital, domain of the fragrant Lady Mary Archer, wife of Tuppence. See post ‘Tuppence And His Fragrant Wife’.
As ye sew, so shall ye reap Michael!
Frederick Sanger (13 August 1918-19 November 2013), Albert Neuberger’s PhD student, twice won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
In 1958, Sanger was awarded a Nobel Prize in Chemistry “for his work on the structure of proteins, especially that of insulin”.
Dorothy Hodgkin is credited or credited herself with ‘discovering the structure of insulin’, but then Dorothy was a bedfellow of John Bernal, so Dorothy could claim all sorts of incredible things. The Nobel Prizes were being shared out between the whole network across successive generations and Sanger was part of it, so Dorothy had to bag one and so did Frederick Sanger.
In 1980, Walter Gilbert and Sanger shared half of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry “for their contributions concerning the determination of base sequences in nucleic acids”. The other half was awarded to Paul Berg “for his fundamental studies of the biochemistry of nucleic acids, with particular regard to recombinant DNA”.
Walter Gilbert initially studied at Harvard and then completed his PhD at Cambridge University in 1957, where he was supervised by the 1979 Nobel laureate Abdus Salam the Science Advisor to the Ministry of Science and Technology in Pakistan, 1960-74. It is believed that in this position, Salam played a major and influential role in the development of the country’s science infrastructure. Salam was responsible for the establishment of the Theoretical Physics Group (TPG) in the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC). As Science Advisor, Salam played a role in Pakistan’s development of nuclear energy and may have contributed as well to development of Pakistan’s atomic bomb project in 1972. Salam died on 21 Nov 1996 in Oxford, so he was out of the way before the Waterhouse Inquiry was completed.
After Cambridge, Walter Gilbert returned to Harvard and was appointed Assistant Professor of Physics in 1959. Gilbert’s wife Celia worked for James Watson, (see post ‘The Two Cultures Of Organised Abuse’) so success for the Gilberts was guaranteed really. Watson and Gilbert jointly ran a laboratory throughout most of the 1960s, until Watson left for Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. In 1968 Walter was appointed Professor of Biochemistry at Harvard.
Walter was a co-founder of the biotech start-up companies Biogen and Myriad Genetics, and was the first Chairman on their respective Boards of Directors. Walter Gilbert left his position at Harvard to run Biogen as CEO, but was later asked to resign by Biogen’s company’s Board of Directors. Walter is a member of the Board of Scientific Governors at The Scripps Research Institute. Walter has served as the Chairman of the Harvard Society of Fellows.
In 1996, Gilbert and Stuart B. Levy founded Paratek Pharmaceuticals and Gilbert served as Chairman until 2014.
Gilbert was an early proponent of sequencing the human genome.
Paul Berg (born June 30, 1926) is Professor Emeritus at Stanford University. Berg received his undergraduate education at Penn State University and then received his PhD from Case Western Reserve University in 1952. Berg was a Professor at Washington University School of Medicine and Stanford University School of Medicine in addition to serving as the Director of the Beckman Center for Molecular and Genetic Medicine.
From 1951 Frederick Sanger was a member of the external staff of the MRC and when the MRC opened the Laboratory of Molecular Biology in 1962, Sanger moved from his laboratories in the Biochemistry Department of Cambridge University to the top floor of the new building and became Head of the Protein Chemistry division.
One of Sanger’s key challenges in his subsequent work was finding a pure piece of RNA to sequence. In 1964, during the course of the work Sanger, along with Kjeld Marcker, discovered the formylmethionine tRNA that initiates protein synthesis in bacteria. Sanger was beaten in the race to be the first to sequence a tRNA molecule by a group led by Robert Holley from Cornell University, who published the sequence of the 77 ribonucleotides of alanine tRNA from Saccharomyces cerevisiae in 1965. By 1967 Sanger’s group had determined the nucleotide sequence of the 5S ribosomal RNA from E.coli.
Sanger then turned to sequencing DNA, which would require an entirely different approach. In 1975, together with Alan Coulson, Sanger published a sequencing procedure using DNA polymerase with radiolabelled nucleotides that he called the “Plus and Minus” technique. The procedure could sequence up to 80 nucleotides in one go, but was still very laborious. Nevertheless, Sanger’s group were able to sequence most of the 5,386 nucleotides of the single-stranded bacteriophage φX174. This was the first fully sequenced DNA-based genome.
In 1977 Sanger and colleagues introduced the “dideoxy” chain-termination method for sequencing DNA molecules, also known as the “Sanger method”. This allowed long stretches of DNA to be rapidly and accurately sequenced. It won Sanger his second Nobel prize in Chemistry in 1980, the one he shared with Walter Gilbert and Paul Berg.
During the course of his career Sanger supervised more than ten PhD students, two of whom went on to also win Nobel Prizes. His first graduate student was Rodney Porter who joined the research group in 1947. Porter later shared the 1972 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Gerald Edelman for his work on the chemical structure of antibodies. Elizabeth Blackburn studied for a PhD in Sanger’s laboratory between 1971 and 1974. She shared the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Carol W. Greider and Jack W. Szostak for her work on telomeres and the action of telomerase.
Prof Rodney Robert Porter was born in Lancashire, England and was educated at Ashton-in-Makerfield Grammar School. Porter received his BSc from Liverpool University in 1939. His career was interrupted by WW II during which he served in the Royal Engineers in Sicily and North Africa and in the Royal Army Service Corps as a War Department analyst, based in Naples, Italy. After WW II, Porter he moved to Cambridge University, where he became Fred Sanger’s first PhD student.
Porter worked for the National Institute for Medical Research, 1949-60, before joining St Mary’s Hospital Medical School, Imperial and becoming the Pfizer Professor of Immunology. In 1967 Porter was appointed Whitley Professor of Biochemistry at Oxford University and Fellow of Trinity College, Oxford. His colleague Elizabeth Press (Betty Press) worked with him at NIMR, St Mary’s and at Oxford, contributing extensively to the work that led to the Nobel Prize in Physiology of Medicine, which Porter shared in 1972 with Gerald M. Edelman
In 1948 Porter married Julia New. They had five children together. Porter died following a four car accident on 6 September 1985, near Guildford, as the driver of one of the cars. Julia was only slightly injured in the accident. They had been en route to France for a holiday, just prior to his formal retiral.
Gerald Maurice Edelman was born in New York to Jewish parents, Top Doc Edward Edelman and his wife Anna. Gerald attended public schools in New York, graduating from John Adams High School, and going on to college in Pennsylvania, where he graduated from Ursinus College in 1950 and then received an MD from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1954. After a year at the Johnson Foundation for Medical Physics, Edelman became a resident at the Massachusetts General Hospital; he then practiced medicine in France while serving with the US Army Medical Corps. In 1957, Edelman joined the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research as a graduate fellow, working in the laboratory of Henry Kunkel and receiving a PhD in 1960. The Institute made Edelman the Assistant (later Associate) Dean of Graduate Studies; he became a Professor at the school in 1966. In 1992, Edelman moved to California and became a Professor of Neurobiology at the Scripps Research Institute.
Edelman founded and directed The Neurosciences Institute, a non profit research centre in San Diego that, between 1993 and 2012, studied the biological bases of higher brain function in humans. Edelman served on the scientific board of the World Knowledge Dialogue project and was a member of the USA Science and Engineering Festival’s Advisory Board.
Edelman married Maxine M. Morrison in 1950. They have two sons, Eric, a visual artist in New York City and David, an adjunct professor of neuroscience at the University of San Diego. Their daughter, Judith Edelman, is a bluegrass musician, recording artist, and writer.
Edelman died on May 17 2014 in La Jolla, California, aged 84.
Elizabeth Helen Blackburn was born in Tasmania on 26 November 1948 to parents who were both Top Doctors. Her family moved to the city of Launceston when Elizabeth was four, where she attended the Broadland House Church of England Girls’ Grammar School (later amalgamated with Launceton Church Grammar School) until the age of sixteen. Upon her family’s relocation to Melbourne, Elizabeth attended University High School. She went on to complete a BSc in 1970 and an MSc in 1972, both from the University of Melbourne. Blackburn received her PhD in 1975 from Cambridge University, where she worked with Frederick Sanger. It was also there, at the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology at Cambridge University, where Blackburn met her husband John Sedat. Blackburn’s soon to be husband had taken a position at Yale, where she then decided to finish her postdoctoral work. “Thus it was that love brought me to a most fortunate and influential choice: Joe Gall’s lab at Yale.”
In 1978, Blackburn joined the faculty of the University of California, Berkeley, in the Department of Molecular Biology. In 1990, she moved to the Department of Microbiology and Immunology at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), where she served as the Department Chair, 1993-99 and was Morris Herzstein Professor of Biology and Physiology at UCSF. Blackburn became a Professor Emeritus at UCSF at the end of 2015.
Blackburn, co-founded the company Telomere Health which offers telomere length testing to the public, but she later severed ties with the company.
In 2015, Elizabeth Blackburn was announced as the new President of the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, California. In 2017, she announced her plans to retire from the Salk Institute the following year.
Blackburn was appointed a member of the President’s Council on Bioethics in 2002. She supported human embryonic cell research, in opposition to the Bush Administration. Blackburn’s Council terms were terminated by White House directive on 27 February 2004. Dr. Blackburn believes that she was dismissed from the Council due to her disapproval of the Bush administration’s position against stem cell research. Scientists and ethicists at the time went as far to say that Blackburn’s removal was in violation of Federal Advisory Committee Act of 1972, which “requires balance on such advisory bodies”
“There is a growing sense that scientific research – which, after all, is defined by the quest for truth – is being manipulated for political ends,” wrote Blackburn. “There is evidence that such manipulation is being achieved through the stacking of the membership of advisory bodies and through the delay and misrepresentation of their reports.”
Blackburn serves on the Science Advisory Board of the Regenerative Medicine Foundation formerly known as the Genetics Policy Institute.
Blackburn’s first book The Telomere Effect: A Revolutionary Approach to Living Younger, Healthier, Longer (2017) was co-authored with health psychologist Dr. Elissa Epel of Aging, Metabolism and Emotions (AME) Center at the UCSF Center for Health and Community. Blackburn comments on aging reversal and care for one’s telomeres through lifestyle: managing chronic stress, exercising, eating better and getting enough sleep. The book hones in on many of the effects that poor health can have on telomeres and telomerase activity. Through research and data, Blackburn explained that people who lead stressful lives exhibit less telomerase functioning in the body, which leads to a decrease in the dividing capabilities of the cell. To increase telomerase activity in people with stress-filled lives, Blackburn suggests moderate exercise, even 15 minutes a day, which has been proven to stimulate telomerase activity and replenish the telomere. Blackburn also states that unhappiness in lives also has an effect on the shortening of telomeres. In a study done on divorced couples, their telomere length was “significantly shorter” compared to couples in healthy relationships, and Blackburn states, “There’s an obvious stressor… we are intensely social beings.” She suggests to include positivity into our daily lives to increase health as well.
Some lab scientists place much more emphasis on journal articles than books, so Blackburn can be excused for not having written a book until her retirement years. She cannot be excused for publishing such nonsense however. Blackburn will know that its nonsense as well, although the health psychologist probably won’t, not having a clue what a telomere is.
In recent years Blackburn and her colleagues have been investigating ‘the effect of stress on telomerase and telomeres, with particular emphasis on mindfulness meditation’.
I thought that Elizabeth Blackburn might be seeking to integrate her work on telomeres with Mark Williams’s highly successful research fraud that he conducted while he worked with Dafydd and the Gang in north Wales in the late 1980s. See post ‘The Biggest Expert Of The Lot’.
Blackburn is also one of several biologists (and one of two Nobel Prize laureates) featured in the 1995 science documentary Death by Design/The Life and Times of Life and Times. Studies ‘suggest that chronic psychological stress may accelerate ageing at the cellular level. Intimate partner violence was found to shorten telomere length in formerly abused women versus never abused women, possibly causing poorer overall health and greater morbidity in abused women’.
OM!!! Let’s train all Wimmin’s Aid workers in pseudobiology… What if the abused women have been beaten senseless by Angels employed in psych units for Personality Disordered Women (who are often the very women who have experienced domestic violence) rather than ‘intimate partners’? Do the telomeres know and thus not shorten? Does the sex of the intimate partner have any effect on the telomeres shortening? If one is abused by a lesbian partner do the telomeres keep their length?
At the University of California San Francisco, Blackburn ‘currently researches telomeres and telomerase many organisms, from yeast to human cells’. So how does domestic violence theory re telomere length translate with regard to yeast cells?
Blackburn’s lab’s work ‘is focused on telomere maintenance and how this has an impact on cellular aging. Many chronic diseases have been associated with the improper maintenance of these telomeres, thereby effecting cellular division, cycling, and impaired growth. At the cutting edge of telomere research, the Blackburn lab currently investigates the impact of limited maintenance of telomeres in cells through altering the enzyme telomerase’.
Here’s Elizabeth, looking rough for someone who takes such good care of her telomeres:
- Eli Lilly Research Award for Microbiology and Immunology (1988)
- How about a telomere-maintenance teen starter pack for girls then Liz, complete with pink ribbon??
- National Academy of Sciences Award in Molecular Biology (1990)
- Harvey Society Lecturer at the Harvey Society in New York (1990)
- Honorary Doctorate of Science from Yale University (1991)
- Fellow of American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1991)
- Elected FRS in 1992
- Fellow of American Academy of Microbiology (1993)
- Foreign Associate of National Academy of Sciences (1993)
- Australia Prize (1998)
Here’s someone who’s telomeres are in need of intensive care. Perhaps he should book in with one of Elizabeth’s PhD students for a telomere-pampering session:
- Gairdner Foundation International Award (1998)
- Harvey Prize (1999)
- Keio Medical Science Prize (1999)
- California Scientist of the Year in 1999
- American Academy of Achievement‘s Golden Plate Award (2000)
- American Association for Cancer Research – G.H.A. Clowes Memorial Award (2000)
- American Cancer Society Medal of Honor (2000)
- Fellow of American Association for the Advancement of Science (2000)
- AACR-Pezcoller Foundation International Award for Cancer Research (2001)
- General Motors Cancer Research Foundation Alfred P. Sloan Award (2001)
- E.B.Wilson Award of the American Society for Cell Biology (2001)
- Bristol-Myers Squibb Award (2003)
- Robert J. and Claire Pasarow Foundation Medical Research Award (2003)
- Dr A.H. Heineken Prize for Medicine (2004) – for reaching the telomeres that other Nobel Prize winners cannot reach
- Benjamin Franklin Medal in Life Science of The Franklin Institute (2005)
- Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research (2006) (shared with Carol W. Greider and Jack Szostak)
- Genetics Prize from the Peter Gruber Foundation (2006)
- Honorary Doctorate of Science from Harvard University (2006)
- Wiley Prize in Biomedical Sciences from the Wiley Foundation (shared with Carol W. Greider) (2006)
- Fellow of Australian Academy of Science (2007)
- Corresponding Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science (2007)
- Recipient of the UCSF Women’s Faculty Association Award
- Honorary Doctorate of Science from Princeton University (2007)
- Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize of Columbia University (2007) (shared with Carol W. Greider and Joseph G. Gall)
- L’Oréal-UNESCO Award for Women in Science (2008)
Because your telomeres are Worth It!
- Albany Medical Center Prize (2008)
- Pearl Meister Greengard Prize 2008 (
- Tasmanian Honour Roll of Women (2008)
Elizabeth after a late night when those telomeres really took a knock:
Mike Hogg Award (2009)
- Paul Ehrlich and Ludwig Darmstaedter Prize (2009) (shared with Carol W. Greider)
- The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2009, shared with Carol W. Greider and Jack W. Szostak “for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase”
- Companion of the Order of Australia (Australia Day Honours, 2010), for eminent service to science as a leader in the field of biomedical research, particularly through the discovery of telomerase and its role in the development of cancer and ageing of cells and through contributions as an international adviser in Bioethics.
- Fellow of the Royal Society of New South Wales (FRSN) (2010)
- California Hall of Fame (2011)
- AIC Gold Medal (2012)
- The Royal Medal of the Royal Society (2015).
- Blackburn was elected as:
- President of the Salk Institute for Biological Studies (2016-2017)
- President of the American Association for Cancer Research for the year 2010
- President of the American Society for Cell Biology for the year 1998
- Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences (1993)
- Member of the Institute of Medicine (2000)
- Board member of the Genetics Society of America (2000–2002)
In 2007, Blackburn was listed among ‘Time’ magazine’s The TIME 100 – The People Who Shape Our World.
Blackburn splits her time living between La Jolla and San Francisco with her husband. They have a son, Benjamin. Blackburn serves as a mentor and advocate for scientific research and policy, influencing generations to come to continue the scams and nonsense that she has initiated.
Blackburn’s PhD student at the University of California, Berkeley was Carolyn Widney “Carol” Greider (born April 15, 1961), a Bloomberg Distinguished Professor, Daniel Nathans Professor and the Director of Molecular Biology and Genetics at Johns Hopkins University.
After Greider completed her postdoctoral work, she held a faculty position at the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Long Island, New York. In the mid-1990s, Greider was recruited by Michael D. West, founder of biotech company Geron (now CEO of AgeX Therapeutics) to join the company’s Scientific Advisory Board.
Greider was first promoted to Daniel Nathans Professor at the Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics in 2004, when war was declared on Merfyn and the well-planned attempt to frame and imprison me unravelled.
Greider married Nathaniel C. Comfort, a fellow academic, in 1992. She has two children. Greider is divorced. I presume that there was no intimate partner violence in Greider’s marriage because her telomeres would seem to be longer than Elizabeth’s:
Or is it just that Greider is er younger than Elizabeth?
In the 1970s and 80s, when UK women’s magazines featured photos of sunkissed Californian beauties, they would inform their readers that they looked different to the people in Wolverhampton because ‘they eat so many nuts’. We now know that it wasn’t anything to do with the consumption of nuts, they had just taken better care of their telomeres.
When I was studying biology I drew loads of diagrams of telomeres re cell division. Like most students I found drawing those diagrams and having to learn all the different stages and what everything inside the cell was doing at different stages of the cycle really tedious. It never occurred to me to spout nonsense about telomeres and flog it as part of the beauty industry. But then I didn’t live in California.
Jack William Szostak (born November 9, 1952) is a Canadian American of Polish British descent and Professor of Genetics at Harvard Medical School and Alexander Rich Distinguished Investigator at Massachusetts General Hospital. Szostak’s research findings have been instrumental to the Human Genome Project.
Szostak grew up in Montreal and Ottawa. He attended Riverdale High School (Quebec) and graduated with a BSc from McGill University. In 1970, as an undergraduate, Szostak participated in The Jackson Laboratory‘s Summer Student Program under the mentorship of Dr. Chen K. Chai. He completed his PhD at Cornell University (advisor Prof. Ray Wu) before moving to Harvard Medical School to start his own lab at the Sydney Farber Cancer Institute. Szostak credits Ruth Sager for giving him his job there when he had little yet to show. In 1984 Howard Goodman recruited him to Massachusetts General Hospital and the Department of Molecular Biology. Szostak was granted tenure and a full professorship at Harvard Medical School in 1988.
Szostak’s discoveries have helped to clarify the events that lead to chromosomal recombination – the reshuffling of genes that occurs during cell division, meiosis – and the function of telomeres, which are simply the specialized DNA sequences at the tips of chromosomes.
Currently, Szostak’s lab focuses on the challenges of understanding the origin of life on Earth and the construction of artificial cellular life in the laboratory. I’ll expect a press release very soon explaining that they’ve come face to face with God, built a whole living human being from metal and plastic and have discovered the secret of eternal life. Elizabeth and Carol will make a fortune flogging the info to ageing rich Californians.
Beyond his research, Szostak has delivered talks about the origin of life on Earth, as he did at the first Starmus Festival in the Canary Islands, in 2011. He subsequently joined the Starmus Board of Directors, and his 2011 lecture was published in the book Starmus: 50 Years of Man in Space.
Szostak has received several awards and honours for his contributions. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, American Academy of Arts and Sciences and New York Academy of Sciences, and is a member of the Kosciuszko Foundation Collegium of Eminent Scientists of Polish Origin and Ancestry.
Szostak has received the following awards:
- United States National Academy of Sciences Award in Molecular Biology
- Hans Sigrist Prize, University of Bern, Switzerland
- Genetics Society of America Medal
- The 2006 Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research
- The 2008 Dr H.P. Heineken Prize for Biochemistry and Biophysics, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
- The 2009 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (shared with Elizabeth Blackburn and Carol W. Greider)
- The 2011 Oparin Medal
Szostak is married to Terri-Lynn McCormick and has two sons. He has two sisters, Carolyn Szostak and Kathy Hysen.
As of 2015, Frederick Sanger is the only person to have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry twice, and one of only four two-time Nobel laureates: The other three were Marie Curie (Physics, 1903 and Chemistry, 1911), Linus Pauling (Chemistry, 1954 and Peace, 1962) and John Bardeen (twice Physics, 1956 and 1972).
Sanger married Margaret Joan Howe in 1940. She died in 2012. They had three children, Robin, born in 1943, Peter born in 1946 and Sally Joan born in 1960.
Frederick Sanger retired in 1983, aged 65, to his home outside Cambridge.
In 1992, the Wellcome Trust and the MRC founded the Sanger Centre (now the Sanger Institute), named after Sanger. The Institute is located only a few miles from Sanger’s home. Sanger agreed to having the Centre named after him when asked by John Sulston, the founding Director, but warned, “It had better be good.” It was opened by Sanger in person on 4 October 1993, with a staff of fewer than 50 people and went on to take a leading role in the sequencing of the human genome. The Institute has over 900 people and is one of the world’s largest genomic research centres.
Sir John Edward Sulston won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on the cell lineage and genome of the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans in 2002 with his colleagues Sydney Brenner and Robert Horvitz. Sulston was a leader in human genome research and Chair of the Institute for Science, Ethics and Innovation at Manchester University.
Sulston was born in Buckinghamshire to Arthur Edward Aubrey Sulston and his wife Josephine. His father was an Anglican priest and administrator of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. His mother quit her job as an English teacher at Watford Grammar School to care for him and his sister Madeleine. At age five John entered the local preparatory school, York House School. Sulston won a scholarship to Merchant Taylors’ School, Northwood and then to Pembroke College, Cambridge, graduating in 1963. Sulston joined the Dept of Chemistry at Cambridge University after being interviewed by Alexander Todd (see post ‘The Two Cultures Of Organised Abuse’) and was awarded his PhD in 1966.
Between 1966 and 1969 John worked as a postdoc at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, California. His academic advisor Colin Reese had arranged Sulston him to work with Leslie Orgel, who turned his scientific career onto a different pathway. Orgel introduced John to Francis Crick and Sydney Brenner, who worked in Cambridge. He became inclined to biological research.
Although Orgel wanted Sulston to remain with him, Sydney Brenner persuaded Sulston to return to Cambridge to work on the neurobiology of Caenorhabditis elegans at the MRC Lab of Molecular Biology. Sulston worked on the genome sequencing of the worm and in 1998, the whole genome sequence was published in collaboration with the Genome Institute at Washington University in St Louis. Thus C. elegans became the first animal to have its complete genome sequenced.
Sulston played a central role in both the C. elegans and human genome sequencing projects. He had argued for the sequencing of C. elegans to show that large-scale genome sequencing projects were feasible. As sequencing of the C. elegans genome proceeded, the Human Genome Project began. It was at this point that Sulston was made Director of the newly established Sanger Centre.
The Sanger Centre was partly funded by the Wellcome Trust, who in 1987 were such good mates with the crowd at Hammersmith Hospital that I carried out a rheumatoid arthritis project jointly with Dr Brian Henderson at the Wellcome Labs in Beckenham and Hammersmith.
In 2000, after the ‘working draft’ of the human genome sequence was completed, Sulston retired from Directing the Sanger Centre.
Sulston was elected FRS in 1986. John Sulston was someone else who Knew who bagged a goody in 1986…
Sulston was elected an EMBO Member in 1989 and awarded the George W. Beadle Award in 2000. In 2001 Sulston gave the Royal Institution Christmas Lecture on The Secrets of Life. In 2002, he won the Dan David Prize and the Robert Burns Humanitarian Award. Later, Sulston shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Sydney Brenner and Robert Horvitz, both of whom he had collaborated with at the MRC Lab of Molecular Biology for their discoveries concerning ‘genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death’.
In 2006, John Sulston was awarded the George Dawson Prize in Genetics by Trinity College, Dublin.
Sulston was appointed a Companion of Honour in the 2017 Birthday Honours for services to science and society.
On 23 October 2017 John Sulston was awarded the Cambridge Chemistry Alumni Medal.
John Sulston met Daphne Bate, a research assistant in Cambridge and they got married in 1966. Together they had two children. Their first child, Ingrid, was born in La Jolla in 1967 and their second, Adrian, in England. The couple lived in Stapleford, Cambridgeshire, where they were active members of the local community: John regularly volunteered in the local library and in working parties at Magog Down; he was a Trustee of Cambridge Past, Present and Future.
John Sulston lost his Christian faith during his student life at Cambridge, and remained an atheist. He was a distinguished supporter of Humanists UK and in 2003 Sulston was one of 22 Nobel Laureates who signed the Humanist Manifesto.
In December 2010, John Sulston backed Julian Assange by providing bail sureties for him. Sulston lost the money in June 2012, when a judge ordered it to be forfeited, as Assange had entered the embassy of Ecuador to escape the jurisdiction of the English courts. Sulston died on 6 March 2018 of stomach cancer, aged 75 years.
Sir John Sulston; picked up his K but was dead just over a year later:
Frederick Sanger himself declined the offer of a knighthood as he did not wish to be addressed as “Sir”. He is quoted as saying, “A knighthood makes you different, doesn’t it, and I don’t want to be different.” In 1986, Sanger accepted the award of Order of Merit, which can have only 24 living members. So that made Sanger as common as muck.
In 2007 the British Biochemical Society was given a grant by the Wellcome Trust to catalogue and preserve the 35 laboratory notebooks in which Sanger recorded his research from 1944 to 1983.
Sanger died in his sleep at Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge on 19 November 2013. As noted in his obituary, Sanger had described himself as “just a chap who messed about in a lab” and “academically not brilliant”.