Obviously being quite young and in rural Somerset, I was not able to partake of the Rebellion taking place in another part of England at the time, but I did hear about it.
|“God Save the Queen”|
|Single by Sex Pistols|
|from the album Never Mind the Bollocks, Here’s the Sex Pistols|
|B-side||“No Feeling” (A&M release)/”Did You No Wrong” (Virgin release)|
|Released||27 May 1977|
|Recorded||October 1976, March 1977, Wessex Sound Studios, London|
|Songwriter(s)||Glen Matlock, John Lydon, Paul Cook, Steve Jones|
|Producer(s)||Chris Thomas, Bill Price|
|Sex Pistols singles chronology|
Westwood in 2008
Vivienne Isabel Swire
8 April 1941
|Education||University of Westminster|
|Occupation||Fashion designer, businesswoman|
(m. 1962; div. 1965)
Andreas Kronthaler (m. 1992)
|Children||2, including Joseph Corré|
|Awards||British Fashion Designer of the Year(1990, 1991, and 2006)|
Dame Viv was born in Cheshire. At the time of Vivienne’s birth, her father was employed as a storekeeper in an aircraft factory; he had previously worked as a greengrocer.
In 1958, Dame Viv’s family moved to Harrow, Land Of Veronica Gnome before Veronica’s Knightsbridge Years. Dame Viv took a jewellery and silversmith course at Harrow Art School, which became the University of Westminster. The Dame left after one term, saying: “I didn’t know how a working-class girl like me could possibly make a living in the art world”. You just need to shag rich old men with no principles Viv, Veronica knew that.
Dame Viv’s Authorised Biography tells us that after taking up a job in a factory and studying at a teacher-training college, the Dame became a primary school teacher. During this period, she created her own jewellery, which she sold at a stall on Portobello Road. The Dame continued teaching and simultaneously making jewellery, this led to her discovering design when she met Malcolm McLaren who became a major inspiration to her designs in punk fashion.
In 1962, the Dame met Derek Westwood, a Hoover factory apprentice, in Harrow. Dafydd Wigley worked as an accountant for Hoover as a young man when he was standing as the Plaid candidate in unwinnable seats. In ooh the 1960s…
The Dame and Derek married on 21 July 1962; Westwood made her own wedding dress. In 1963, she gave birth to a son, Benjamin (Ben) Westwood…
Thus were Dame Viv’s early beginnings.
In August 2011 Westwood’s company Vivienne Westwood Ltd agreed to pay almost £350,000 in tax to HM Revenue & Customs for significantly underestimating the value of her brand. Her UK business had sold the rights to her trademarks to Luxembourg-based Latimo, which she controls, for £840,000 in 2002. After examining the deal HMRC argued that Westwood’s brand had been undervalued, and, after negotiation, the two sides agreed that her trademarks were worth more than double that amount. The £2m valuation triggered an additional tax bill of £348,463 plus interest of £144,112, which fell due in 2009.
In March 2012, Vivienne Westwood Group reached agreement to end a long-standing UK franchise relationship with Manchester-based Hervia. The deal brought to a conclusion a legal wrangle which included Hervia issuing High Court proceedings for alleged breach of contract, after Westwood sought to end the franchise deal before the agreed term. It was reported that a financial settlement was reached between the parties.
In 2013, the transition of some of the Hervia stores to Westwood, along with cost-savings, was credited for a jump in Vivienne Westwood Ltd’s pre-tax profits to £5 million from £527,683 the previous year, with annual group sales of £30.1 million up from £25.4 million.
In 2014, the company results showed “disappointing” sales with a dip of 2% to £29.5 million and a fall of 36% in pre-tax profits to £3.2 million in 2013, according to accounts posted at Companies House.
In June 2013 Westwood announced she was shunning further expansion of her business as a way of tackling environmental and sustainability issues.
In March 2015, the company announced that it was to open a three-storey outlet in midtown Manhattan in late 2015. This was scheduled to be followed by a new 3,200 sq ft shop in a building also housing the company’s offices and showrooms in Rue Saint-Honoré in Paris, due to open in early 2016.
In 2015, Vivienne Westwood Ltd operated 12 retail outlets in the UK, including an outlet store in Bicester Village. There are currently 63 Westwood outlets worldwide including 9 in China; 9 in Hong Kong; 18 in South Korea; six in Taiwan; two in Thailand; and two in the US: one in Los Angeles and the other in Hawaii.
In June 2015, Vivienne Westwood Ltd reported a profits dip from £3.2m to £2.9m in 2014, despite an 8.4% jump in sales to £32m. VWL paid £1.6m in licence fees to Latimo in 2014 and £646,033 in UK corporation tax last year, a 17% fall from the year before.
Several media outlets reported in 2015 that the latest accounts for Vivienne Westwood Ltd showed the company pays £2 million a year to offshore company Latimo, which was set up in Luxembourg for the right to use her name on her own fashion label. Latimo, which Westwood controls as the majority shareholder in her companies, was set up in 2002.
Such arrangements, while legal, are against the Green Party policy to crack down heavily on usage of tax havens such as Luxembourg.
Westwood stressed that she paid income tax though did not address the issue of her corporate tax arrangements: “It is important to me that my business affairs are in line with my personal values. I am subject to UK tax on all of my income,” she said in March 2015. She published a statement which indicated that her corporate tax arrangements are being restructured as a result of the exposé.
Camilla wore Westwood to Royal Ascot in 2009. Princess Eugenie wore three Westwood designs for the pre-wedding dinner, the wedding ceremony and the after-wedding party at Kate and William’s wedding in 2011.
In April 1989 Westwood appeared on the cover of Tatler dressed as PM Thatch. The suit that Westwood wore had been ordered for Thatch but had not yet been delivered. The cover, which bore the caption “This woman was once a punk”, was included in The Guardian‘s list of the best ever UK magazine covers.
Dame Vivienne stated on TV in 2007 that she had transferred her long-standing support for the Labour Party to the Conservative Party, over the issues of civil liberties and human rights. Since early 2015, Dame Viv has been a supporter of the Green Party of England and Wales.
On Easter Sunday 2008, the Dame campaigned in person at the biggest CND demo for 10 years, at the Atomic Weapons Establishment, Aldermaston.
In September 2005, Westwood joined forces with the British civil rights group Liberty and launched exclusive limited design T-shirts and baby wear bearing the slogan I AM NOT A TERRORIST, please don’t arrest me. She said she was supporting the campaign and defending habeas corpus. “When I was a schoolgirl, my history teacher, Mr. Scott, began to take classes in civic affairs. The first thing he explained to us was the fundamental rule of law embodied in habeas corpus. He spoke with pride of civilisation and democracy. The hatred of arbitrary arrest by the lettres de cachet of the French monarchy caused the storming of the Bastille. We can only take democracy for granted if we insist on our liberty”, she said. The sale of the £50 T-shirts raised funds for the organisation.
Mr Scott’s inspirational teaching was such that just two or three years ago I heard the Dame on ‘Any Questions’ tell the audience that ‘There was once a very clever man called Voltaire..’ The Dame then sort of er misused the ideas of that very clever man when not answering the Q.
In June 2013, Westwood dedicated one of her collections to Chelsea Manning and at her fashion show she and all of her models wore large image badges of Manning with the word “TRUTH” under her picture. In 2014, Dame Viv cut off her hair to highlight the dangers of climate change. Viv also appeared in a PETA ad campaign to promote World Water Day and vegetarianism, drawing attention to the meat industry’s water consumption.
In 2014, Westwood became ambassador for clean energy Trillion Fund.
In June 2017, Westwood endorsed Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn for the 2017 UK General Election. She said, “I’m excited about the Labour Party manifesto because it’s all about the fair distribution of wealth.” She added “Jeremy clearly wants to go green and creating a fair distribution of wealth is the place to start, from there we can build a green economy which will secure our future.” In November 2019, along with other public figures, Westwood signed a letter supporting Corbyn describing him as “a beacon of hope in the struggle against emergent far-right nationalism, xenophobia and racism in much of the democratic world” and endorsed for in the 2019 UK General Election.
In January 2015, Westwood announced her support of the Green Party of England and Wales: “I am investing in the Green Party because I believe it is in the best interests of our country and our economy’. It was reported that Viv had donated £300,000 to fund the Party’s election campaign.
In February 2015, Westwood was announced as the special guest on the Greens’ We Are The Revolution campaigning tour of English universities in such cities as Liverpool, Norwich, Brighton and Sheffield.
On the eve of the tour, Westwood was excluded from appearing by the youth wing of the Green Party on the basis that her corporate avoidance of UK tax contravenes party policy on usage of off-shore havens. She later condemned this as “a wasted opportunity” for the Greens. “I wasn’t pure enough for them”, she wrote in her online diary.
Subsequently, Westwood switched her support to campaigning on behalf of Nigel Askew, the ‘We are the Reality Party’ candidate opposing UKIP leader Nigel Farage in the Kent constituency of Thanet South.
In a 2007 interview Westwood spoke out against what she perceive as the “drug of consumerism” and in 2009 she attended the première of The Age of Stupid, a film aimed at motivating the public to act against climate change.
The Dame later created a manifesto called Active Resistance to Propaganda, which she says deals with the pursuit of art in relation to the human predicament and climate change.
Against the claim that anti-consumerism and fashion contradict each other, Viv said in 2007: “I don’t feel comfortable defending my clothes. But if you’ve got the money to afford them, then buy something from me. Just don’t buy too much.” She faces criticism from eco-activists who claim that despite her calls to save the environment she herself makes no concessions to making her clothing or her business eco-friendly.
The Active Resistance to Propaganda manifesto was read by Westwood at a number of venues including the London Transport Museum before being staged at the Bloomsbury Ballroom by Forbidden London and Dave West (entrepreneur) on December 4, 2009. It starred Michelle Ryan and a number of other well known British actors. The manifesto was written in the form of a play featuring many well known characters from pop culture including characters from Alice in Wonderland and distributed at readings as a booklet. Westwood was passionate about Gaia hypothesis at all her talks and frequently discussed the theories of futurologist James Lovelock as part of the events.
In 2013, sustainable luxury fashion publication Eluxe Magazine accused Westwood of using the green movement as a marketing tool on the basis that certain Westwood fashion and accessories lines are made in China. These were found to include PVC, polyester, rayon and viscose, all derived from harmful chemicals; or shall we redefine that as chemicals that are harmful when misused in certain circumstances such as Dame Viv has a penchant for doing. Eluxe also pointed out that, in spite of Westwood’s statements that consumers should ‘buy less’, her company produces nine collections a year (compared to the average designer’s two). Vivienne Westwood was also accused of using unpaid interns in her fashions house and making them work over 40 hours per week, some interns have complained about how they had been treated by the fashion house.
In 2014, as part of her Spring/Summer 15 collection, Westwood collaborated with the nonprofit organization Farms Not Factories. Unveiled at Milan Fashion Week, the T-shirts and tote bags were produced using ethically sourced organic cotton.
Westwood has authored books, such as Fashion in art, in which she explores the worlds of fashion and arts.
Westwood had a 10-year quarrel with fellow designer Katharine Hamnett, as to who would rule the 1980s and come to be known as the most left-wing fashion persona of their era. Hamnett had a shop right next to Dame Viv’s in Cardiff. I tried on the coats in there and I very nearly purchased one; they were not quite as expensive as Dame Viv’s gear but very much better made and looked as though they would actually last years. There was one reason why I didn’t end up handing over the dosh: the coat that I had my eye on was just a bit tight and I could see that if that coat had to do for Special Occasions for the next 20 yrs, a few creams buns too many and it would not be worn. I did ask for the next size up but in the way that shops can’t cope with me when I ask for shoes in size 8, they did not have the next size up…
Hamnett is every bit as much of an insincere poseur as Dame Viv – they are almost certainly mates who staged their feud – but the Hamnett clothes are of far higher quality.
In 1992, Westwood was awarded an OBE, which she collected from Brenda at Buck House. At the ceremony, Westwood was wearing nae panties a la MacDuff and Dafydd, which was later captured by a photographer in the courtyard of Buck House. Westwood later said, “I wished to show off my outfit by twirling the skirt. It did not occur to me that, as the photographers were practically on their knees, the result would be more glamorous than I expected,” and added: “I have heard that the picture amused the Queen.”
F produced some wonderful works during his ‘Marilyn Jones’ period that I’m sure would have delighted Brenda. He also produced the Coronation Coach series, after being inspired by that sickly ludicrous gold carriage used to transport Brenda on Very Special Occasions. The pictures featured Dafydd travelling in the Coronation Coach masturbating while waving at the crowds. We also had a picture on our wall of Brenda topless; it was next to the drawing of Dafydd, starkers. When Jeff Crowther, the Hergest Nursing Officer, came to visit F after Jeff was appointed F’s key worker, Jeff quipped that F’s picture of Dafydd was too flattering, the penis should have been much smaller with an incontinence device fitted and Brenda’s boobs should be down around her waist somewhere.
Ah they Care!! They can be as crude as the Empowered Service Users if they want and far nastier as well.
Re Dame Viv twirling for photos when at Buck House with nae panties, is an example of something that isn’t actually so terrible but one does wonder what the response would have been if an elderly male vagrant stood in the courtyard of Buck House and dropped his trousers while wearing nae panties.
Westwood advanced from to DBE in the 2006 New Year’s Honours List “for services to fashion”.
In 2012, Westwood was among the British cultural icons selected by artist Sir Peter Blake to appear in a new version of his most famous artwork – the Beatles’ Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band album cover – to celebrate the British cultural figures of his life that he most admires. Also in 2012, Westwood was chosen as one of The New Elizabethans to mark Brenda’s Diamond Jubilee. A panel of seven academics, journalists and historians named Westwood among a group of 60 people in the UK “whose actions during the reign of Elizabeth II have had a significant impact on lives in these islands and given the age its character”.
Tony Francis was found dead in 2012 and I fled north Wales for the first time after guns at dawn.
In October 2014, the authorised biography Vivienne Westwood by Ian Kelly was published by Picador. Paul Gorman described it as “sloppy” and “riddled with inaccuracies” on the basis of multiple errors in the book including misspelling the names of popular rock stars “Jimmy” Hendrix and Pete “Townsend” and misidentifying the date of the Sex Pistols’ first concert and McLaren’s age when he died in 2010.
Dafydd’s misspelled Jimi Hendrix’s name on F’s medical records. It was the first thing that F told me re Dafydd’s idiocies; the next thing was Dafydd’s Q of ‘Do ewe mean mari-jew-ana’ in response to F’s comment ‘I was walking in the mountains and I ate some grass…’ F did not mean mari-jew-ana; as he explained to Dafydd, ‘No, grass’. Dafydd probably didn’t record that bit, just the Confession to taking mari-jew-ana in the mountains.
Picador publisher Paul Baggaley told The Bookseller: “We always take very seriously any errors that are brought to our attention and, where appropriate, correct them.” Which is more than the Top Doctors do.
A spokesman for Pan MacMillan, which published an Australian edition of the biography, confirmed that the matter was being handled by the publisher’s lawyers.
In January 2011, Westwood was featured in a Canadian-made TV documentary called Vivienne Westwood’s London in which she takes the viewer through her favourite parts of London, including the Courtauld Institute of Art, the Wallace Collection, Whitechapel (accompanied by Sarah Stockbridge), Hampton Court, the London Symphony Orchestra, Brixton Market and Electric Avenue, and the National Gallery.
In 2018 a documentary film about Viv, called Westwood: Punk, Icon, Activist, premiered.
In 2019 Isabel Sanches Vegara wrote and Laura Callaghan illustrated Vivienne Westwood, one of the series, Little People, BIG DREAMS, published by Frances Lincoln Publishing.
Westwood is married to her former fashion student, Austrian Andreas Kronthaler.
Dame Viv’s kids:
- Ben Westwood is a photographer of erotica. Ben used to glory in describing himself as a pornographer, but he’s toned that down in recent years what with all this talk of mass sexual exploitation and even assault in the pop and art business.
- Joseph Corré (born 1967), son of Viv and Malcolm McLaren, is the founder of lingerie brand Agent Provocateur.
Churchill responded by sending Cripps to India on a mission (“the Cripps Mission“) to negotiate an agreement with the nationalist leaders that would keep India loyal to the British war effort in exchange for self-government after the war. Cripps designed the specific proposals himself, but they were too radical for Churchill and the Viceroy
The Marquess of Linlithgow
|Viceroy of India|
18 April 1936 – 1 October 1943
and too conservative for the Indians, who demanded immediate independence. No middle way was found and the mission was a failure. Cripps meeting Mahatma Gandhi during the WW II.
- Sir John Stafford Cripps (1912–1993), who was a conscientious objector in WW2 and in 1937 married Ursula Davy, having four sons and two daughters.
- Isobel Diana Cripps (1913–1985) who died unmarried
- (Anne) Theresa Cripps (1919–1998), who was married 1945 to Sir Robert Cornwallis Gerald St. Leger Ricketts, 7th Bt, and had two sons and two daughters. The elder son Sir Tristram Ricketts, 8th Bt. succeeded his father, died in 2007, and has been succeeded by his own son, Sir Stephen Ricketts, 9th Bt.
- Peggy Cripps, born Enid Margaret Cripps (1921–2006), children’s author and philanthropist. Peggy Cripps shocked much British opinion by marrying the black African aristocrat Nana Joseph Emmanuel Appiah (1918–1990), a relative of the Ashanti king of Ghana, in June 1953. Peggy Appiah had one son and three daughters. Her son is the philosopher Kwame Anthony Appiah (b. May 1954 London), the Laurance S. Rockefeller Professor of Philosophy at Princeton University. Her three daughters live in Namibia, Nigeria, and Ghana and have eight children among them. One of them is the actor Adetomiwa Edun.
Cripps died aged 62 from cancer on 21 April 1952 while in Zurich, Switzerland. He was cremated in Zurich.
The Duke of Westminster
The Duke in the early 1900s
|Lord Lieutenant of Cheshire
Custos Rotulorum of Cheshire
19 December 1905 – 15 April 1920
|Preceded by||Earl Egerton|
|Succeeded by||Sir William Bromley-Davenport|
|Member of the House of Lords
as Duke of Westminster
22 December 1899 – 19 July 1953
|Preceded by||Hugh Grosvenor|
|Succeeded by||William Grosvenor|
Hugh Richard Arthur Grosvenor
19 March 1879
|Died||19 July 1953 (aged 74)|
|Children||Lady Ursula Vernon
Edward Grosvenor, Earl Grosvenor
Lady Mary Grosvenor
|Parents||Victor Grosvenor, Earl Grosvenor
Lady Sibell Lumley
Lord Grosvenor served with the Royal Horse Guards in South Africa during the Second Boer War. After a brief visit back home, he returned to South Africa in February 1900 to serve with the Imperial Yeomanry, as an ADC to Lord Roberts and Lord Milner. In Jan 1902, he was appointed Captain of the Cheshire (Earl of Chester´s) Imperial Yeomanry . The war ended in May 1902. The Duke subsequently invested in land in South Africa and Rhodesia, and visited the colony with his wife in late 1902.
In 1908, the Duke competed in the London Olympics as a motorboat racer for Great Britain.
In the First World War the Duke volunteered for front-line combat and whilst attached to the Cheshire Yeomanry, he developed a prototype Rolls-Royce Armoured Car for their use.
In 1923 at the age of 40, Westminster was introduced to Gabrielle (“Coco”) Chanel after a party in Monte Carlo and pursued her. They were introduced by Vera Bate Lombardi, (born Sarah Gertrude Arkwright), reputedly the illegitimate daughter of the Marquess of Cambridge, who afforded Coco entry into an elite group revolving around Churchill, the Duke of Westminster, and Edward, Prince of Wales.
The Duke, an outspoken anti-Semite, intensified Coco’s inherent antipathy toward Jews. He shared with her an expressed homophobia. In 1946, Coco was quoted by her friend and confidant, Paul Morand, “Homosexuals? … I have seen young women ruined by these awful queers: drugs, divorce, scandal. They will use any means to destroy a competitor and to wreak vengeance on a woman. The queers want to be women – but they are lousy women. They are charming!”
Coinciding with Coco’s introduction to the Duke, was her introduction, again through Lombardi, to Lombardi’s cousin, the Prince of Wales, Edward VIII. The Prince allegedly was smitten with Coco and pursued her in spite of her involvement with the Duke of Westminster. Gossip had it that he visited Coco in her apartment and requested that she call him “David”, a privilege reserved only for his closest friends and family. Years later, Diana Vreeland, Editor of Vogue, would insist that “the passionate, focused and fiercely independent Chanel, a virtual tour de force,” and the Prince “had a great romantic moment together”.
The Duke purchased a home for Coco in London’s Mayfair and in 1927 gave her a parcel of land on the French Riviera at Roquebrune-Cap-Martin where Coco built her villa, La Pausa. The Duke’s romantic liaison with Coco lasted ten years.
Mary, when she was still Princess Victoria Mary of Teck, known as “May” within the family, initially became engaged in Nov 1891 to George’s elder brother Albert Victor. Mary’s parents were Prince Francis, Duke of Teck (a member of a morganatic, cadet branch of the House of Württemberg), and Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge, a male-line granddaughter of King George III and a first cousin of Queen Victoria. On 14 January 1892, six weeks after the formal engagement, Albert Victor died of pneumonia, leaving George second in line to the throne and likely to succeed after his father. George had only just recovered from a serious illness himself, after being confined to bed for six weeks with typhoid fever, the disease that was thought to have killed his grandfather Prince Albert. Queen Victoria still regarded Princess May as a suitable match for her grandson and ‘George and May grew close during their shared period of mourning’.
A year after Albert Victor’s death, George proposed to May and was accepted. They married on 6 July 1893 at the Chapel Royal in St James’s Palace, London. Throughout their lives, they remained devoted to each other.
The death of his elder brother effectively ended George’s naval career, as he was now second in line to the throne, after his father. George was created Duke of York, Earl of Inverness and Baron Killarney by Queen Victoria on 24 May 1892. The Duke and Duchess of York had five sons and a daughter. Randolph Churchill claimed that George was a strict father, to the extent that his children were terrified of him. George’s children did seem to resent his strict nature, Prince Henry going as far as to describe him as a “terrible father” in later years.
As Duke and Duchess of York, the couple lived mainly at York Cottage, a relatively small house in Sandringham, Norfolk. George preferred a simple, almost quiet, life, in marked contrast to the lively social life pursued by his notorious father, Bertie.
In October 1894, George’s Uncle Alexander III of Russia died. At the request of his father, “out of respect for poor dear Uncle Sasha’s memory”, George joined his parents in St Petersburg for the funeral. He remained in Russia for the wedding a week later of the new Russian Emperor, his cousin Nicholas II, to another one of George’s first cousins, Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine, who had once been considered as a potential bride for George’s elder brother.
On the death of Queen Victoria on 22 January 1901, George’s father ascended the throne as King Edward VII. George inherited the title of Duke of Cornwall, and for much of the rest of that year, he was known as the Duke of Cornwall and York.
In 1901, the Duke and Duchess toured the British Empire. Their tour included Gibraltar, Malta, Port Said, Aden, Ceylon, Singapore, Australia, New Zealand, Mauritius, South Africa, Canada, and the Colony of Newfoundland. The tour was designed by Colonial Secretary Joseph Chamberlain with the support of PM Lord Salisbury to reward the Dominions for their participation in the South African War of 1899–1902. In South Africa, the Royal party met civic leaders, African leaders, and Boer prisoners, and was greeted by elaborate decorations, expensive gifts, and fireworks displays. Many white Cape Afrikaners resented the display and expense, the war having weakened their capacity to reconcile their Afrikaner-Dutch culture with their status as British subjects.
In Australia, the Duke opened the first session of the Australian Parliament upon the creation of the Commonwealth of Australia. George also toured New Zealand and praised the military values, bravery, loyalty and obedience to duty of New Zealanders.
On 9 November 1901, George was created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester. King Edward wished to prepare his son for his future role as King. George was given wide access to state documents by his father. George in turn allowed his wife access to his papers, as he valued her counsel and she often helped write her husband’s speeches.
From November 1905 to March 1906, George and May toured British India, where he was ‘disgusted by racial discrimination and campaigned for greater involvement of Indians in the government of the country’. The tour was almost immediately followed by a trip to Spain for the wedding of King Alfonso XIII to Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, a first cousin of George, at which the bride and groom narrowly avoided assassination. A week after returning to Britain, George and May travelled to Norway for the Coronation of King Haakon VII, George’s cousin and brother-in-law, and Queen Maud, George’s sister.
On 6 May 1910, Edward VII died and George became King. Later that year, a radical propagandist, Edward Mylius, ‘published a lie’ that George had secretly married in Malta as a young man, and that consequently his marriage to Queen Mary was bigamous. The ‘lie’ had first surfaced in print in 1893, but George had shrugged it off as a joke. In an effort to kill off rumours, Mylius was arrested, tried and found guilty of criminal libel, and was sentenced to a year in prison.
George and Mary’s Coronation took place at Westminster Abbey on 22 June 1911 and was celebrated by the Festival of Empire in London. In July, the King and Queen visited Ireland for five days; they received a warm welcome. Later in 1911, the King and Queen travelled to India for the Delhi Durbar, where they were presented to an assembled audience of Indian dignitaries and Princes as the Emperor and Empress of India on 12 December 1911. George wore the newly created Imperial Crown of India at the ceremony, and declared the shifting of the Indian capital from Calcutta to Delhi. George and Mary travelled throughout the sub-continent, and George took the opportunity to indulge in big game hunting in Nepal, shooting 21 tigers, 8 rhinoceroses and a bear over 10 days.
George inherited the throne at a politically turbulent time. Chancellor Lloyd George‘s People’s Budget had been rejected the previous year by the Conservative and Unionist-dominated House of Lords, contrary to the normal convention that the Lords did not veto money bills. Liberal PM H. H. Asquith had asked the previous King to give an undertaking that he would create sufficient Liberal peers to force the budget through the House. Edward had reluctantly agreed, provided the Lords rejected the budget after two successive general elections. After the January 1910 General Election, the Conservative peers allowed the budget, for which the government now had an electoral mandate, to pass without a vote.
On 4 August 1914 the King wrote in his diary, “I held a council at 10.45 to declare war with Germany. It is a terrible catastrophe but it is not our fault. … Please to God it may soon be over.” From 1914 to 1918, Britain and its allies were at war with the Central Powers, led by the German Empire. The German Kaiser Wilhelm II was the King George’s first cousin. The King’s paternal grandfather was Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; consequently, the King and his children bore the titles Prince and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duke and Duchess of Saxony. Queen Mary, although British like her mother, was the daughter of the Duke of Teck, a descendant of the German Dukes of Württemberg. The King had brothers-in-law and cousins who were British subjects but who bore German titles such as Duke and Duchess of Teck, Prince and Princess of Battenberg, and Prince and Princess of Schleswig-Holstein.
On 17 July 1917, George appeased British nationalist feelings by issuing a Royal proclamation that changed the name of the British Royal House from the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha to the House of Windsor. George and all his British relatives relinquished their German titles and styles, and adopted British-sounding surnames. George compensated his male relatives by creating them British peers. His cousin, Prince Louis of Battenberg, who earlier in the war had been forced to resign as First Sea Lord through anti-German feeling, became Louis Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Milford Haven; he was the father of Lord Mountbatten of Burma.
The Marquess of Milford Haven
|First Sea Lord|
8 December 1912 – 28 October 1914
|Prime Minister||H. H. Asquith|
|Preceded by||Sir Francis Bridgeman|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Fisher|
Count Ludwig Alexander von Battenberg
|Died||11 September 1921 (aged 67)
Naval & Military Club, London, England
|Resting place||St. Mildred’s Church, Whippingham, Isle of Wight|
Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine (m. 1884)
|Years of service||1868–1914|
|Rank||Admiral of the Fleet|
|Commands||First Sea Lord (1912–14)
Atlantic Fleet (1908–10)
HMS Implacable (1901–02)
The 1st Earl of Athlone was the Chairman of the Middlesex Hospital and Chancellor of London University when Gwynne Trained and Qualified. Gwynne grew up in Llandudno and Trained at the Middlesex rather than the more usual Liverpool University or Bart’s for Top Docs from north Wales. Lloyd George was the MP for Caernarvon Boroughs, 10 April 1890-13 February 1945, a huge constituency that embraced the whole of north west Wales, including Llandudno.
I am sure that Gwynne came from an influential family who knew Lloyd George, it is how that region worked at the time. Gwynne would never ever have ended up at the Middlesex if he had not been the offspring of an influential and well-connected family. He probably would not have even gained entry to UCNW. Although UCNW likes to boast that it was Built For The Children Of Quarrymen, society was so stratified and quarrymen so poor, that although the occasional disadvantaged student did end up at UCNW, the institution was overwhelmingly educating the children of the local dominant class. They weren’t all moneyed because the region was poor and many of the students were from the families of teachers and Ministers who did not have money, but they were much more advantaged than the children of quarrymen. It was as ever, the dominant class of the region who’s children went to university.
Gwynne will have been something very special to have been sent to the Middlesex with that branch of Coutts in its basement.
Furthermore, after Qualifying and WW II service as a Royal Navy Top Doc, Gwynne returned to north Wales to work at Denbigh, which since its very establishment had been built to silence witnesses of VIP crime from England, not Wales. Queen Victoria agreed to fund the building of Denbigh because the Welsh authorities refused to do so, on the grounds that there were not enough Welsh lunatics to justify such an institution. Indeed there were not; from its earliest days, it was full of English lunatics paid for by English authorities. The institution was greatly expanded during the years that Bertie was whoring and then expanded again in 1931. It was a prison for the Royal sex abuse ring and Gwynne undoubtedly was Trained to know exactly what his job would be. Denbigh was a huge institution in the Welsh hills, where few people spoke English, in a very inaccessible location even in the 1970s, that contained thousands of English prisoners…
Every politician and Ruling Family in north Wales knew what was going on, as did every Top Doc. The MP for Denbigh DATES was a Top Doc, NAME. I have blogged in detail about Morris-Jones before (see eg. ‘ ‘), but if we take into account the exact purpose of Denbigh, another visit to Morris-Jones will be instructive.
Sir (John) Henry Morris-Jones (2 November 1884-9 July 1972) was a Liberal, later Liberal National politician. Morris-Jones was born in the Caernarfonshire village of Waenfawr, the son of Captain Morris Jones and his wife Ann. He was educated at Menai Bridge Grammar School, Anglesey and St. Mungo’s College of Medicine in Glasgow. In 1931 he married Leila Paget-Marsland, a widow. They were not blessed with children.
Morris-Jones qualified as a doctor in 1906 from Glasgow, gaining a further licence for surgery (LRCP&S) from Edinburgh, and was for 20 years a GP in Colwyn Bay in North Wales. During the First World War, Morris-Jones served in the 2nd Battalion of the Worcestershire Regiment as a medical officer in France, during which time he was awarded the Military Cross. Morris-Jones was later granted the rank of Honorary Captain in the Royal Army Medical Corps.
In 1915 Morris-Jones co-authored an article in the British Medical Journal with Hugh Lett, Surgical Experiences at Wimereux, France about his work at the Number 5, British Red Cross Hospital, also known as Lady Hadfield’s Hospital. Morris-Jones later served as Chairman of his division of the British Medical Association and of the Colwyn Bay Medical Society.
Morris-Jones took an active part in the public life of the town of Colwyn Bay and the County of Denbigh. He was elected a member of Colwyn Bay Urban District Council, later becoming its Chairman. Morris-Jones was High Sheriff Designate of the County, 1929–30 and also served as a member of the County Council. In 1956 Morris-Jones received the honorary freedom of Colwyn Bay. Morris-Jones was also appointed a Deputy Lieutenant of Denbighshire and was a JP.
At the 1929 General Election, Morris-Jones was nominated by the Llangollen Liberal Association to be the candidate for Denbigh and on 4 April he was selected by the local party to stand in succession to the sitting MP Ellis William Davies who was resigning on grounds of ill-health. EXCUSE TO LET MORRIS JONES IN!!
Morris-Jones had a straight fight against the 32-year-old Conservative, Captain Alan Crosland Graham of Clwyd Hall, Ruthin, the PPS to Lord Balfour. Although the Liberal Party did not make the national breakthrough it had hoped for under the leadership of a reinvigorated Lloyd George, without a Labour opponent in Denbigh, Morris-Jones was able to increase the Liberal majority from 1,421 to 8,189. WHY WAS THERE NO LABOUR CANDIDATE?? look up
While in Parliament, Morris-Jones took a particular interest in public health and agriculture both nationally and as they affected Denbighshire. He was an honorary Treasurer of the Parliamentary Medical Group from time of election in 1929 and was later appointed as a member of the Committee of Trustees set up under the MPs Pensions Act. In 1938 Morris-Jones was a member of a Parliamentary delegation participating in events to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the founding of Australia. While there he took part in discussions about the development of the Empire, measures to stimulate immigration to Australia and the promoting of Australian trade with the USA. Morris-Jones was a member of a Parliamentary Delegation to Buchenwald concentration camp soon after its liberation in April 1945. ABSE ET AL
In 1931 an economic crisis led to the formation of a National Government led by Labour prime minister Ramsay MacDonald and initially supported by the Conservative and Liberal parties. However the Liberals were increasingly divided over the issue of the National Government, particularly over the issue OF Free Trade. The official party led by Sir Herbert Samuel although agreeing to go into the 1931 general election supporting the government became more and more worried about the government’s stance on Free Trade and worried about the predominance of the Conservatives in the coalition. However a group of Liberal MPs led by Sir John Simon who were concerned to ensure the National Government had a wide cross-party base formed the Liberal National Party to more openly support MacDonald’s administration. Morris-Jones, who had been appalled at the economic record of the second Labour Govt, joined this group and thereafter sat in the House of Commons as a Liberal National.
At the 1931 General Election, Morris-Jones was not opposed in Denbigh either by a Free Trade Liberal or Conservative candidate. Although bitterly opposed to MacDonald’s Govt, Labour did not stand a candidate. So on Friday 16 October Morris-Jones retained his Parliamentary seat as one of 65 MPs returned unopposed. It was in 1931 that the North Wales Hospital was expanded further to accommodate more English inmates. No other political party even bothered to field a candidate to stand against the Top Doc of the Empire who oversaw the North Wales Hospital and its expansion as a Doc, MP, VIP etc.
After the 1931 General Election there was a period of uncertainty in Liberal Associations about the development of separate parties in local areas and Liberals of the official and National persuasion were often regarded by local members as legitimate representatives of Liberalism, despite their formal designations. There was a belief in both camps that the split was nominal and temporary. As late as 1934 the Liberal Magazine was asserting that ‘the Liberal Nationals are bound in the course of time to reunite with the normal Liberal Party’.
This was not the case everywhere however and in Denbigh, Morris-Jones faced criticism and some hostility from Liberals not willing to accept his defection to the Liberal Nationals. This became more pressing after the withdrawal of the official party under Samuel from the Govt when Liberals argued that it had become increasingly clear that the coalition was a National Government in name only and really a Conservative administration, dominated by the massive Conservative strength in Parliament.
In 1932, Morris-Jones was appointed an Assistant Government Whip and he held that post until 1935. From 1935 to 1937 – the Abdication Crisis took place in 1936 – Morris-Jones was a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury. He was knighted in the PM’s New Year’s Honours in January 1937. In May 1937 when Neville Chamberlain succeeded Stanley Baldwin as PM, Morris-Jones was offered the position of Chief Whip to the Liberal National group after the formation of the new Govt but preferred ‘for personal reasons’ to return to the backbenches.
As the prospect of another General Election approached, the Liberal Party policy of not opposing sitting Liberal National MPs came increasingly under threat, although many local parties did not have the resources to put up independent Liberal candidates against incumbent Liberal Nationals.
In Denbighshire there was a willingness to challenge Morris-Jones, who was seen more and more as a surrogate Tory. At a meeting of the Liberal Association there on 24 October 1935, as the prospect of a General Election -and Abdication Crisis – loomed, it was agreed to adopt John Cledwyn Davies, the Director of Education for Denbighshire and the Lloyd George Coalition Liberal MP for Denbigh from 1922–23. Morris-Jones refused to stand down and the two members of the Liberal family fought each other in the General Election in November. The Conservatives supported Morris-Jones and the intervention of a Labour candidate helped take votes away from Davies. Across the country the Liberal National vote remained steady and Morris-Jones held the seat with a majority of over 5,000.
For brief period during the Second World War, commencing in February 1942, Morris-Jones decided to leave the Liberal Nationals. In July 1942 he was signatory to a motion which, while praising the armed forces, indicated a lack of confidence in the Govt’s conduct of the war. It was later recorded that Morris-Jones had rejoined the official Liberals along with two other MPs, Leslie Hore-Belisha and Edgar Granville. However at the time Morris-Jones described himself as having become an Independent, although his closeness to the official party was evident in his voting record and associations. Morris-Jones must have been aware of the feeling that, as in the earlier split in the party between 1916 and 1923, Liberals of whatever stripe had a common Liberalism to bind them. In the end the political and electoral realities overcame the sense of Liberal family and Morris-Jones rejoined the Liberal Nationals in March 1943, presumably sensing or calculating it would be the safest way to enable him to continue as an MP.
In 1937 Morris-Jones was Honorary Treasurer and Honorary Secretary of the Reception Committee co-ordinating the Royal Visit to North Wales. As part of the Coronation celebrations, the King and Queen were to visit North Wales in July 1937. They were to open an extension to the National Library of Wales at Aberystwyth and make a ceremonial visit to Caernarfon Castle. At this time Lloyd George was Constable of the Caernarfon Castle and Morris-Jones was involved in discussion and debate with him and others about the arrangements for the visit and some bad-tempered exchanges took place over the choice of music for the Royal programme which Lloyd George felt was not up to the dignity of the occasion.
In 1941–42, Morris-Jones served as Chairman of the Welsh Parliamentary Party. Liberal MPs from Wales had always regarded themselves as separate Parliamentary entity, certainly from as early as 1886. They saw their role as promoting distinctly Welsh causes and being the party of Welsh nationalism. This role diminished with the decline of Liberalism in Wales during the 20th century and establishment of Plaid Cymru in 1925 but there remained a sentiment at Westminster that Welsh Parliamentarians should meet together in the interests of their country and the Welsh Parliamentary Party which Morris-Jones Chaired was therefore an informal group of Welsh MPs from all parties which met occasionally from the mid-1930s to discuss issues affecting Wales and its relationship with Whitehall and Westminster.
In 1949 Morris-Jones put forward a Private Member’s Bill to create the post of Secretary of State for Wales and Monmouthshire supported by a Parliamentary Under Secretary and a Department of State to be known as the Welsh Office for which he got a measure of cross-party support although it did not pass into law. Wales had to wait until 1951 for a dedicated minister, 1964 for its own Secretary of State and 1965 before the establishment of the Welsh Office. The National Assembly for Wales and the Welsh Assembly Government followed in 1999.
Morris-Jones was also a member of the Gorsedd and used the Bardic title of Rhoslanydd. He also served as a member of the Governing Body of Representative Body of the Church in Wales between 1950 and 1962.
At the 1945 General Election Morris-Jones faced official Liberal and Labour opposition in Denbigh but was supported as the Govt candidate by the Conservatives. LABOUR CAND – MARS-JONES
In a straight fight against either Liberal or Labour Morris-Jones might well have lost, given the huge anti-government swings recorded at that election. With the opposition split, he held on with a majority of 4,922. Although he stood down as an MP at the 1950 General Election, Morris-Jones thereafter remained loyal to the Liberal Nationals, or National Liberal Party as it became known after 1948. Morris-Jones served as Vice Chairman of the Executive of the National Liberal Party in 1952 and the following year (1953–54) he went on to be Chairman. The National Liberals again held Denbigh against split opposition in 1950, albeit with a reduced majority. It remained a National Liberal seat until 1959 when a Conservative candidate was put up, successfully retaining it. It then stayed Conservative until the constituency was abolished in 1983. GERAINT MORGAN
Morris-Jones’ decision to step down from Parliament at the 1950 General Election may have been influenced by more than just advancing years. He was genuinely pessimistic about the future of the Liberal Party in Wales and the country at large. In a speech in Denbigh he said he doubted there would be more than 20 Independent Liberals in the next House of Commons. This is a slightly surprising number given that only 12 Liberal MPs had been elected in 1945, a drop of nine on the previous election and since then the party had been experiencing defections – Gwilym Lloyd-George was almost completely associated with the Conservatives by 1950 and Tom Horabin had taken the Labour whip. The Party continued to decline at the 1950 General Election, making a net loss of three seats leaving then with only nine. The formal merger of the National Liberals with the Tories had already taken place in 1948 and from then on, it was only a matter of time before any remaining genuinely Liberal element was subsumed by the overwhelming numbers and philosophy of the Conservatives, something which given his Liberal past and strong convictions, Morris-Jones may well have regretted. Although, as noted above, once outside Parliament he stuck with the National Liberals, perhaps in the hope of a peerage.
As a Top Doc, Morris-Jones took a keen interest in the legislation to set up the NHS. He was not in favour, usually taking the side of the professional organisations in opposing measures to force doctors into the NHS. By 1948 M-J was much more closely aligned with the Conservatives and their thinking. That Morris-Jones was a man of traditional views in relation to medical matters can be deduced from his association with the campaign to prevent the sale of contraceptives from slot machines, as a ‘temptation to youth’.
An early indication of Morris-Jones’s misgivings over a national health scheme came in 1942 in the debate over the Beveridge Report. In a letter to The Times, M-J predicted that the setting up of a full-time National Medical Service for the whole population would cut across the traditional relationship between the doctor and patient and would need a great popular mandate. The tone of Morris-Jones’s letter made it clear he did not approve of such a scheme and doubted whether it would ever work. Writing again to the Times on 15 March 1948, Morris-Jones identified with the concerns of many doctors about the powers to be conferred on the Minister of Health and with the doctors’ strong desire to retain their professional freedoms and their livelihoods as well as their fears that the new arrangements would bring about a deterioration in standards of medical and clinical service and professionalism. He ended by writing, “The mines can be nationalised; the art and science of medicine cannot be”.
Morris-Jones ‘eventually bowed to the inevitable. Even though there were many doctors who disliked the Act, Morris-Jones felt they had achieved a significant amount though negotiation and should therefore accept the Govt’s offer to join the NHS in July 1948. A further justification he made was that this should be done on behalf of patients who would otherwise suffer from a continuing fight between Govt and medical professionals’.
NYE – had his knackers twisted by Corkscrew Charlie Churchill’s Top Doc – NYE gave BMA everything they requested although it was known that it was financially unsustainable – NHS economist was Brian Abel-Smith – relative of Brendas – Labour Party LSE Prof, bunny of the ring – Abel-Smith knew that the figures given were a gross underestimate of the cost but everyone kept quiet because it was the greed of the Docs – no-one dared upset them or they would not agree to the NHS
Nye was from south Wales and knew precisely what Denbigh was all about – top docs loathed him, nye died on DATE 1960. his widow jennie outlived him by many years, was of Bertrand Russell’s Gang and from DATES was the Labour MP for Cannock in Staffs on the site of the huge abuse ring there
The NHS was created on the back of an agreement by everyone that Gwynne would be allowed to continue work as the Royal Lobotomist running that ring; Dafydd was placed into Liverpool Medical School by the security services in 1952 with the only purpose of Training him up to assist and then succeed Gwynne. Two known criminals were to be left unhindered as part of Nye’s Dream.
1955 – David Williams to Yorkshire – COHSE – Savile – Williams was friends with Nye
Lord Gnome – peerage in 1945 – Liberal but friends with Attlee – grandpa already under fire from Mosley et al
A year after the introduction of the NHS, Morris-Jones was again writing to ‘The Times’ to highlight what he saw as the decline in status of the GP, which he described as’ the first line of defence of our health service’. He believed that there was evidence to show that after a year of the NHS there had been a deterioration in the art of medicine as practiced by GPs, an expansion of their workload, an increase in bureaucracy, difficulties in seeing cases through and getting patients into hospitals.
- Surgical Experiences at Wimereux, France (jointly with Hugh Lett): British Medical Journal, 1915
- Doctor in the Whip’s Room: published by Robert Hale, London, 1955
After Morris-Jones stepped down as MP, Emlyn Hugh Garner Evans (3 September 1910 – 11 October 1963) was elected for Denbigh. Early in his career Evans adhered to the Liberal Party and was once arrested in Nazi Germany for expressing anti-fascist views. He later transferred to the Conservative-allied National Liberals and was elected to Parliament; his continued allegiance to the Liberal side brought about a premature termination of his Parliamentary career.
Evans was born in Llangollen, where his father, Henry, was a saddler. He attended the local county Grammar School, from where he entered the University College of Wales at Aberystwyth and graduated in law in 1931. Evans then went on to Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge in 1932 where he read law. SAME PATH AS MARS Jones – and Elwyn Jones.
While at Cambridge, Evans was already an active member of the Liberal Party. He became involved in the Cambridge Union Society and was President of the Union in 1934. Evans was also President of the Cambridge University Liberal Club. He graduated with a BA in 1934, which was converted into an MA in 1939.
Evans spoke at the 1935 Liberal Party Assembly as the delegate of the Cambridge University Liberal Union, seconding a motion moved by Isaac Foot – Footie HERE from Plymouth – on behalf of the Party Executive that set out the party’s aims. While working as a secretary, he was selected as Liberal Party candidate for City of Chester at the 1935 General Election shortly before the poll. Although the seat was reckoned the Liberals’ best prospect in Cheshire, Evans came second in a three-cornered fight, 6,699 votes behind the Conservative winner. NAME
In January 1936, Evans was Cambridge’s delegate to the Conference of University Liberal Societies and proposed a resolution which deplored the League of Nations procedure by which the United Kingdom and French governments drew up the peace settlement in the Italo-Abyssinian War. He urged that the peace terms be settled by impartial men at Geneva. The ensuing speaker, future Prime Minister Harold Wilson from Oxford, agreed and the motion was passed. Evans became President of the Union of University Liberal Societies, and that June, he was elected to the Liberal Party council.
In 1938, Evans was selected by Denbigh Liberals to be their prospective parliamentary candidate at a General Election, expected to take place in either 1939 or 1940. His task was to defeat the sitting Liberal National MP and regain the seat for his party. However, due to the outbreak of war, the elections did not take place.
Evans became editor of The New Commonwealth Quarterly, a journal published by the New Commonwealth Society which studied international relations, in 1935. (Winston Churchill was chairman of the institute’s British section from 1936.) Evans also helped to found the World Youth Congress in 1936, and was elected President of its political section during its meeting in Geneva in 1936 and re-elected at the meeting in New York City in 1938. During a foreign tour of Germany in 1936, Evans was arrested for “anti-Fascist views”. On the outbreak of war he joined the Royal Air Force and served overseas in North Africa and Italy, serving for most of the war as a squadron leader, and ending as a wing commander.
At the end of the war, Evans was again adopted as Liberal candidate for Denbigh and fought the seat at the 1945 general election. He was defeated by 4,922 votes. He resumed his legal training and was called to the Bar by Gray’s Inn in 1946. With a Labour government in power, Evans became attracted by the reforms proposed to the Liberal National organisation which had been allied to the Conservative Party since 1931. When a joint statement of principles of Liberals and Conservatives was published in a pamphlet called “Design for Freedom” in February 1947, Evans was one of the signatories. Although the full merger was not agreed, the Liberal Nationals were reorganised into the National Liberal Party later in 1947, and Evans joined.
The sitting National Liberal Member of Parliament for Denbigh, Sir Henry Morris-Jones, announced his retirement. Evans was selected as his replacement by the local National Liberal Association in April 1948; he then attended several local branches of the Conservative Association (with whom the National Liberals were in alliance) to reassure them, and committed himself to defeating the Labour government. This reassurance worked and he was adopted as candidate in November 1949.
The election saw some confusion as the National Liberals claimed the official mantle of Liberalism; Evans, who faced a Liberal opponent, demanded that the electors were informed whether their Liberal candidate would back Conservatives or Labour in the event that the Liberals held the balance of power. Garner Evans himself broke the spirit of the ‘Woolton-Teviot Agreement’ between Conservatives and National Liberals by referring to himself as a ‘National Liberal’ only on his election literature. He won the seat with a narrow majority of 1,209 over the Liberal candidate, and only 38.9% of the total vote.
Evans made his maiden speech in June 1950 in support of the United Kingdom joining the Schuman Plan, but his main point was to call on the Labour Party to get back to idealism and internationalism and reject the ‘economic nationalism’ outlined by Chancellor of the Exchequer Stafford Cripps. He was re-elected in the 1951 general election with a much improved majority of 7,915 over Labour; the previous Liberal candidate had taken a job in Switzerland and his replacement could not get established.
In Parliament Evans was made Secretary to the Parliamentary Committee on Atomic Energy. He pressed for more help for his constituents: in December 1953 he stated that the best aid the Government could give to agriculture in Wales was a marketing policy, and in November 1954 he insisted that the Home Secretary could not manage Welsh affairs without additional ministerial help and called for new Minister of State in the House of Lords. Early in 1955, Evans was one of six Members of Parliament to visit the British Army of the Rhine and bring back a report calling for National Servicemen to be paid the same as the regular Army, among other changes.
There was some local criticism of Garner Evans as the Parliament wore on. In December 1954 an extraordinary meeting of the Conservative Central Council in the constituency was called to hear a report on a complaint against him: it was alleged that he had addressed a meeting in Llanrwst when “not in a fit condition to do so”. The meeting passed a vote recording its displeasure, but also adopted him as its candidate for the next election.
The return of the popular Liberal candidate from 1950 ensured that Evans’ majority was cut in the 1955 general election to 4,641. Evans spoke in January 1956 in favour of encouraging the Welsh language through education and broadcasting, arguing that Welsh nationalism was caused by fear of the loss of language and culture. When the Government appointed a minister with responsibility for Welsh Affairs, Evans echoed Labour complaints about the lowly status of the new minister and described his powers as “nebulous”.
Evans was generally loyal in his voting behaviour in the House of Commons although he did twice rebel against the whip on minor technical issues. He supported the ending of capital punishment on a free vote in 1956. When S. O. Davies introduced the Government of Wales Bill in 1955 which would have created a devolved Welsh Parliament, Evans questioned whether the Welsh people supported it, and went on to vote against the Bill making any progress.
Continuing concerns at Garner Evans’ political and personal performance both in Parliament and in the constituency prompted a meeting of the Conservative Central Council to be called in May 1958. Despite Garner Evans pleading to the meeting that “I have spent pretty well all my life trying to bring Liberals and Conservatives together”, the delegates passed a motion of no confidence in their Member of Parliament by 44 to 15. The association President then said that he would then move to discuss with the National Liberals how to select a candidate acceptable to both parties. In November 1958 Conservative Central Office reported that Evans had told them he would not be a candidate for re-election. The Conservative Association subsequently selected Geraint Morgan.
This situation put the National Liberals in a quandary as they had not withdrawn support from Garner Evans. In July 1958 he issued a statement to his electors pledging continued support for the Government and urging the Conservatives not to take any “hasty action” which might place his and other National Liberal seats in jeopardy. The same month, a meeting of the National Liberals pledged support for him; however the Conservatives undertook prolonged negotiations.
It was only on the eve of the 1959 general election that a deal worked out by Conservative Chairman Lt-Col. J. C. Wynne-Edwards was agreed under which Morgan agreed to run as a ‘Conservative and National Liberal’ candidate. Morgan spoke to the National Liberals and persuaded them to pledge official support to him. During the election campaign, the Liberal candidate attacked the Conservatives for withdrawing support from Evans.
- David Dutton. “‘A Stepping-Stone for Wavering Radicals’: Conservatives, National Liberals and Denbighshire Politics 1947-64″,”. Contemporary British History, Volume 22, Issue 1 (March 2008), pages 111-125.
The Duke reportedly hoped to ruin the Liberal Party through Beauchamp. The King was horrified, supposedly saying, “I thought men like that shot themselves.”
During the run-up to World War II, like many others, the Duke supported various right-wing and anti-Semitic causes, including the Right Club. “His anti-Semitic rants were notorious,” according to a biographer of Coco. In her book The Light of the Common Day ,Lady Diana Cooper reminisces back to 1 September 1939. She and her husband, the prominent Conservative Duff Cooper, were lunching at London’s Savoy Grill with the Duke of Westminster. She recalls:
when he [the Duke of Westminster] added that Hitler knew after all that we were his best friends, he set off the powder-magazine. “I hope,” Duff spat, “that by tomorrow he will know that we are his most implacable and remorseless enemies”. Next day “Bendor” [the Duke of Westminster] telephoning to a friend, said that if there was a war it would be entirely due to the Jews and Duff Cooper.
The Duke, known for his pro-German sympathies, was reportedly instrumental in influencing Coco to use her association with Churchill to broker a bilateral peace agreement between the British and the Nazis. Coco worked undercover for the Germans during WW II. It was in late 1943 or early 1944 that Chanel and her then lover, Nazi espionage agent Baron Hans Gunther von Dinklage, undertook the assignment, “Operation Modellhut”, an attempt through the British Embassy in Madrid, via Chanel, to influence Churchill. The mission ultimately met with failure because Churchill had no interest, being Far Too Sensible and Not Really Knowing any of that crowd of Crazy Extremists anyway.
Chanel and Winston Churchill in 1921:
Vera’s relatives by marriage – and Coco’s friends – with a National Leader:
Vera Lombardi wasn’t a friend worth having either. Vera was arrested in Italy in 1943 under suspicions of spying for the British during World War II. After Vera’s release, she made her way to Madrid, where she denounced Coco for collaborating with the Nazis.
Lombardi was born at 17 Ovington Square, Kensington, London, the daughter of Frank Wigsell Arkwright and his then wife Rosa Frederica Baring. Rosa was one of the Barings as in the bank that collapsed, the Barings who were mates with Lord Denning of Hearts and ran Hampshire. Vera is said to have been raised by Margaret Evelyn Grosvenor, Marchioness of Cambridge. Vera was the step-daughter of Queen Mary‘s cousin George FitzGeorge.
Vera’s first marriage was to Frederick Blantford Bate in 1916. Bate was an American whom she had met while volunteering as an Angel in an American hospital in Paris. They had one daughter, Bridget Bate (the artist), born in 1917. Lombardi divorced Bate in 1929. Vera then married Italian Cavalry Officer, Alberto Lombardi, a member of the Italian Fascist Party and held in high esteem by Benito Mussolini. Vera joined her husband in Rome after 1929 and joined the Fascist Party. In Rome, Vera and her husband lived well, residing in his villa on via Barnaba Oriana, situated in one of the most exclusive sections of Rome.
Coco hired Vera as a PR rep for the House of Chanel in 1920. It was said of Vera that “No one was more keenly appreciated by London high society…”. The Lombardi/Chanel friendship was a close one, sustained over many years. Their formal business association ended in 1930 when Lombardi left Chanel to work for couturier Edward Molyneux
Lombardi’s affiliations and her frequent presence at social functions held at the British Embassy in Rome, made her a person of interest to the Italian Fascist police and various intelligence agencies. Vera’s activities were monitored by the Italian Political Investigation Service, the Italian Interior and the War Office. In 1936, the surveillance of Lombardi produced an official report, which stated in part: “This lady’s mysterious and varied lifestyle makes us suspect that she is in the service of Great Britain without the knowledge of her husband, who is a highly respected person and sincere patriot…” The continuous surveillance was suspended on the basis of two factors. No evidence was ever uncovered that proved Lombardi was an espionage agent and her husband’s military status and loyalty to the Fascism put any accusations against her into question. Nevertheless suspicions surrounding Lombardi would continue. In addition, Vera’s association with Coco would later bring Vera to the attention of British Military Intelligence, MI6.
In 1943, Vera was arrested and held for a week in a women’s prison in Rome under suspicion of having been spying for the British Secret Service for a decade. Vera was released on orders of the German police in Rome. According to 1991’s Hitler’s Intelligence Chief: Walter Schellenberg, the Germans expected Vera to work as an agent for them, intending to bring her to Paris to rendezvous with Chanel. Joining Coco and Dincklage in Paris, Lombardi was subsequently issued a passport, by order of the Paris Gestapo chief, Karl Bömelburg, allowing her to travel to Spain.
In March 1944, Vera, stranded in Madrid, wrote an appeal to her aristocratic contacts in England to intercede with Churchill and for him to use his influence to reunite her with her husband in Rome. Coco also pleaded with Churchill on Vera’s behalf. In early January 1945 Vera was finally permitted leave Madrid. In April or May 1945, Vera was reunited with her husband who, by World War II’s end, had managed to rehabilitate his reputation and obscure his past loyalty to Mussolini and enthusiasm for fascism by aligning himself with the Allies. The British Foreign Office had notified the embassy in Madrid: “Allied Forces have withdrawn their objection and the lady is free to return to Italy…” Churchill had ultimately come to Vera’s rescue, as verified in a classified communication written to Churchill four days later from Allied Headquarters in Paris. Vera expressed her gratitude to Churchill in a letter she wrote him in May 1945: “Thank you with all my heart for what you found time to do for me…”
Vera Lombardi herself died in Rome on 22 May 1947. THE LLOYD GEORGES WIPE OUT – TOM CAREY_EVANS – -G – Lady Margaret Lloyd G – all 1947ish
On 16 February 1901, the Duke of Westminster married Constance Edwina (Shelagh) Cornwallis-West
Constance was the youngest child of William and Mary “Patsy” FitzPatrick. Constance’s father William Cornwallis West was a son of Theresa John Cornwallis West and Frederick Richard West, a Tory MP for Denbigh Boroughs from 1826-30 and again, 1847-57, representing East Grinstead, 1830-32, for a bit of light relief in between. Frederick West Tory MP for Denbigh Boroughs for so many years was born in Hanover Square, Mayfair and was a member of the Canterbury Association.
Building of the North Wales Hospital Denbigh began in 1844 and was completed in 1848. Queen Victoria paid for it because the local authorities in north Wales maintained that there were not enough Lunatics in north Wales to justify the building. Indeed there weren’t, most of the inmates were English and English authorities paid the fees to keep them in the Denbigh Dungeon. In a Welsh speaking area in a range of hills miles away from England with very poor transport links to other parts of Wales let alone England. When Victoria’s son Bertie was a young man and regularly went a-whoring, a huge new wing was built at Denbigh housing hundreds more lunatics from England.
Take note of the years during which Historical Giant served as Queen Victoria’s PM:
The Earl Russell
Lord John Russell in 1861
|Prime Minister of the United Kingdom|
29 October 1865 – 26 June 1866
|Preceded by||The Viscount Palmerston|
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Derby|
30 June 1846 – 21 February 1852
|Preceded by||Sir Robert Peel, Bt|
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Derby|
|Leader of the Opposition|
28 June 1866 – 3 December 1868
|Preceded by||The Earl of Derby|
|Succeeded by||Benjamin Disraeli|
23 February 1852 – 19 December 1852
|Preceded by||The Earl of Derby|
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Derby|
18 June 1859 – 3 November 1865
|Preceded by||The Earl of Malmesbury|
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Clarendon|
28 December 1852 – 21 February 1853
|Preceded by||The Earl of Malmesbury|
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Clarendon|
|Secretary of State for the Colonies|
23 February 1855 – 21 July 1855
|Preceded by||Sidney Herbert|
|Succeeded by||Sir William Molesworth, Bt|
|Lord President of the Council|
12 June 1854 – 8 February 1855
|Preceded by||The Earl Granville|
|Succeeded by||The Earl Granville|
|Secretary of State for War and the Colonies|
30 August 1839 – 30 August 1841
|Preceded by||The Marquess of Normanby|
|Succeeded by||Lord Stanley|
18 April 1835 – 30 August 1839
|Preceded by||Henry Goulburn|
|Succeeded by||The Marquess of Normanby|
|Died||28 May 1878 (aged 85)
Richmond Park, Surrey, England
|Resting place||St Michael’s, Chenies|
|Political party||Liberal (1859–1878)|
|Whig (until 1859)|
|Alma mater||University of Edinburgh|
As well as a wife, Bigus Dickus had grandchildren; one of whom was Spoilt Bastard, born 18 May 1872 at Trellech, Monmouthshire: Age 4: having a think about that telegram he’ll be sending someone about the Northern Chinese Famine of 1876–1879 that occurred in the late Qing dynasty in China.
Now here’s a real laugh. Who were Frederick Richard West’s parents? Er, his father was Frederick West (1767–1852), the son of John West, 2nd Earl De La Warr and Mary, the daughter of Lt.-Gen. John Wynyard. See previous posts for details of the Earls de La Warr, who were of the Gang and met unfortunate ends, including one in 1987 who ‘committed suicide’ by throwing himself under a tube train. Because he was depressed after some of his trees had blown over in a hurricane no less. Frederick West was educated at Harrow School. In 1801 he served as a Councilman in Denbigh and in the same year was elected MP for er Denbigh Boroughs. In 1806 West was ousted from Parliament by his brother-in-law, Robert Myddelton Biddulph.
Robert Biddulph, later Myddelton Biddulph (March 1761-30 August 1814) was the first son of Michael Biddulph of Ledbury in Herefordshire and Cofton Hall in Worcestershire. Robert Biddulph made a fortune in Bengal before returning to England in 1795. Biddulph served as Recorder of Denbigh from 1795 to 1796, then entered politics under the patronage of the Whig Duke of Norfolk. Biddulph became a member of Brooks’s on 26 April 1796 and was elected to the House of Commons for Herefordshire the same year, replacing Sir George Cornewall. In Parliament Biddulph acted with the Foxite Whigs.
Biddulph succeeded his father in 1800 and also succeeded his Uncle Francis Biddulph as partner in the bank Cocks, Biddulph & Co. On 24 December 1801 Biddulph married Charlotte, daughter of Richard Myddelton and sister of Richard Myddelton, of Chirk Castle. He adopted the additional name of Myddelton on 29 December 1801 after his wife had inherited Chirk Castle in 1796 from her unmarried brother. They had two sons and one daughter.
In the 1802 General Election Myddelton Biddulph was defeated by Cornewall and left Parliament, but resumed the office of Recorder of Denbigh (which he held until his death) and became a common Councilman of the borough. In 1803 he was Lieutenant-Colonel commanding the Chirk Volunteers. Biddulph’s wife’s family had long represented Denbigh in Parliament, and in 1806 he succeeded her brother-in-law Frederick West as MP for Denbigh Boroughs. As MP for Denbigh Boroughs, Myddelton Biddulph sat as an independent, in opposition to the Govt. He fell out with his wife’s brother-in-law West in 1811 and was not re-elected in 1812. His children were Robert Myddelton Biddulph MP and GeneralSir Thomas Myddelton Biddulph
Frederick West was a captain in the Berkshire Volunteers in 1803 and in the Berkshire militia in 1808. In 1810 Frederick West became Groom of the Bedchamber. He sponsored the Viscount Kirkwall in his successful campaign to become the Tory MP for Denbigh in 1812, succeeding Myddelton Biddulph, holding the seat until 1818. Kirkwall was succeeded by Whig John Wynne Griffith, who was succeeded by Tory Frederick Richard West in 1826, who was succeeded in 1830 by Whig Robert Myddleton Biddulph, who was succeeded by Whig John Edward Maddocks in 1832, in turn succeeded by Tory Wilson Jones in 1835, then in 1841 by Tory Townsend Mainwaring. Frederick Richard West won the seat from Mainwaring, but Mainwaring was back again as Tory MP for Denbigh Boroughs, 1857-68.
I have blogged about these MPs in previous posts but I hadn’t spotted what seems to be a very obvious conspiracy to completely dominate the seat of Denbigh Boroughs while the North Wales Hospital was being planned, built and expanded, by a very small circle of people from two families, one of those families being based in the poshest part of London.
We need to take an interest in Townsend Mainwaring especially.
|Member of Parliament
for Denbigh Boroughs
31 March 1857 – 19 November 1868
|Preceded by||Frederick Richard West|
|Succeeded by||Charles James Watkin Williams|
3 July 1841 – 29 July 1847
|Preceded by||Wilson Jones|
|Succeeded by||Frederick Richard West|
|Born||16 March 1807|
|Died||25 December 1883 (aged 76)
Galltfaenan Hall, Trefnant, Denbighshire, Wales
Anna Maria Salusbury (m. 1837)
Townshend Mainwaring (16 March 1807-25 December 1883) was the second son of the Reverend Charles Mainwaring, of Oteley Park, Ellesmere, Shropshire, and Sarah Susannah Townshend, daughter of John Townshend of Hem, Denbighshire. He attended Rugby School and then Brasenose College, Oxford.
Mainwaring married Anna Maria Salusbury, the eldest daughter of Colonel John Lloyd Salusbury of Galltfaenan Hall, in February 1837, at which time Mainwaring was living at Marchwiel Hall. The couple went on to have two sons – Charles Salusbury Mainwaring and Reginald Kynaston Mainwaring – and two daughters.
Mainwaring became a magistrate in December 1837. Subsequently, he became the first of his family to be elected MP since George Mainwaring (1642-1695). Described as a Liberal Conservative and a Peelite, Mainwaring was first elected for Denbigh Boroughs in 1841 but stood down at the 1847 election. He returned to Parliament for the same seat in 1857 and held it until 1868.
In 1840, Mainwaring was High Sheriff of Denbighshire, and he was also at some point a Justice of the Peace for Denbighshire and the first Major of the Denbighshire Rifle Volunteers. Mainwaring was one of the Chairmen of the National Eisteddfod of Wales when it was held at Ruthin in 1868, days after sustaining severe injuries to his leg when his horse fell on him. He was involved with other similar events, including that at Rhyl in 1863. Considered to be a good musician, Mainwaring also composed music.
Mainwaring, who lived at Galltfaenan Hall in Denbighshire after his marriage, had a considerable involvement with the Vale of Clwyd Railway, was involved with the North Wales Narrow Gauge Railways and supported the construction of the Chester and Holyhead Railway. He continued to own Marchwiel until his death at Galltfaenan on 25 December 1883, and also property and lands in other places. An obituary noted Mainwaring’s benevolent financing of the construction of a church, parsonage and schools in Trefnant, in memory of his father-in-law, as well as a convalescent home for men in Rhyl. He was also noted to be a supporter of a women’s home in Rhyl and of the same town’s Royal Alexandra Hospital. Mainwaring was buried at Trefnant’s Holy Trinity church.
Just some of the descendants:
- Mary Sybil Rankin+ d. 13 Oct 1956
- Annie Beatrice Rankin+3 d. 30 Jan 1943
- Margaret Ethel Rankin3 d. 3 Apr 1949
- Veronica Rankin d. 29 Oct 1960
- Sir James Reginald Lea Rankin, 2nd Bt.+ b. 31 Aug 1871, d. 10 Sep 1931
- Brig.-Gen. Charles Herbert Rankin+ b. 26 May 1873, d. 8 Jul 1946
- Edwyn Christopher Rankin+ b. 3 Jan 1879, d. 17 Apr 1925
- Robert Rankin b. 16 Oct 1883, d. 10 Dec 1945
The grandson of Sir James Rankin 2nd Baronet:
Sir Hubert Charles Rhys Rankin, 3rd Bt was born on 8 August 1899 in Tunisia. He was the son of Sir James Reginald Lea Rankin, 2nd Bt. and Hon. Nest Rice. He married, firstly, Helen Margaret Stewart, daughter of Sir Charles John Stewart and Lady Mary Catherine Graham-Toler, on 9 April 1932. He married, secondly, Robina Kelly on 23 December 1946. He died on 25 April 1988 at age 88 at Dunkeld, Perthshire, Scotland. Hubert Charles Rhys Rankin was educated at Harrow School. He gained the rank of trooper between 1920 and 1922 at Ireland in the 1st Royal Dragoons, he was invalided. He was Vice-President of the Scottish National Library Association in 1928. He succeeded as the 3rd Baronet Rankin, of Bryngwyn, co. Hereford [U.K., 1898] on 10 September 1931.
On 8 April 1932 the 3rd Baronet Rankin’s name was legally changed to Hubert Charles Rhys Stewart Rankin by deed poll. He was 1st British Delegate at the 1st Pan-European Muslim Conference in 1935 at Geneva, Switzerland. He fought in the Second World War. Rankin was President of the British Muslim Society. He gained the rank of Captain in the Royal Indian Army Service Corps. He was Vice-President of the World Buddhist Association in 1946. In August 1946 his name was legally changed to Hubert Charles Rhys Rankin by Scottish licence. He was a Councillor in 1948 at Blairgowrie and Rattray, Perthshire, Scotland. He held the office of County Councillor (C.C.) for Perthshire in 1949. Rankin was a member of the Standing Council of Baronetage between 1979 and 1988.
- Doreen Margaret Lowther b. 23 Mar 1910, d. Oct 1996
- Lt.-Col. Sir William Guy Lowther, 5th Bt.+ b. 9 Oct 1912, d. 7 May 1982.
Doreen Margaret Lowther held the office of Justice of the Peace for Flintshire. She died days or even just hours after The Hague announced that Ronnie Waterhouse – who grew up in Flintshire in a powerful Liberal family – would be the Chair of the forthcoming Public Inquiry into the North Wales Child Abuse Scandal.
- Louise Kynaston Mainwaring+
- Robert Kynaston Mainwaring
- Louise Kynaston Mainwaring married Major Armine John Wodehouse, son of Brigadier Edmond Wodehouse and Persis Joan Mary Rooper, on 24 April 1965. Armine John Wodehouse was educated at Winchester College and at Sandhurst. He gained the rank of Major in the Royal Welch Fusiliers.
- Children of Louise Kynaston Mainwaring and Major Armine John Wodehouse:
Edmond Armine Wodehouse married Laura Large.
Children of Edmond Armine Wodehouse and Laura Large:
This snapshot of the direct descendants of just one of the people who was involved in the planning of something terrible at Denbigh demonstrates how many people have a vested interest in
Now Then. Remember Major Charles Francis Kynaston Mainwaring, the son of Salusbury Kynaston Mainwaring and Edith Sarah Williams, who married Mary Sybil Rankin, daughter of Sir James Rankin, 1st Bt. and Annie Laura Bushell, on 16 July 1903? Major Charles who died on 30 January 1949 at age 77, having lived at Ellesmere, Shropshire?
From 10 October 1931, Lady Jean’s married name became Rankin. She was a Woman of the Bedchamber to HM Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother between 1946 and 2001. Lady Jean was appointed Commander, Royal Victorian Order (C.V.O.) in 1957, the year in which Dafydd Qualified and Dame Commander, Royal Victorian Order (D.C.V.O.) in 1969. Dame Jean died in October 2001 at age 96.
- Sir Ian Niall Rankin, 4th Bt.+2 b. 19 Dec 1932
- Sir Alick Michael Rankin+2 b. 23 Jan 1935, d. 3 Aug 1999
Previous posts have discussed the dreadful Cliff Rankin, a lecturer in Zoology at UCNW when my friend Anne was murdered by the Gang in April 1986. In 1984, Rankin offered one of the boys in our house a PhD studentship. After our housemate had achieved the 2:1 necessary to fulfil the criteria to take up the studentship, Rankin casually told my friend that he had given the PhD studentship to another student. It was another student who had just graduated with whom Rankin was discussing Uganda. My friend had to take a year out until he could apply for more PhD studentships; he went to Oz for a year and was blackmailed…
Think that evidence anymore damning than this could not be produced linking the Royal Family with Gwynne, Dafydd and Denbigh? There’s more.
Dame Jean’s brother was John Aymer Dalrymple, 13th Earl of Stair, born on 9 October 1906. He was the son of John James Dalrymple, 12th Earl of Stair and Violet Evelyn Harford. Dame Jean’s brother John married Davina Katherine Bowes-Lyon, daughter of Hon. Sir David Bowes-Lyon and Rachel Pauline Spender Clay, on 14 January 1960. John the 12th Earl of Stair died on 27 February 1996 at age 89.
22 February 1996: Clwyd County Council receives the completed Jillings Report on the abuse of children in the care of Clwyd County Council since 1974 and seeks legal advice. 26 March 1996: Clwyd County Council accepts the legal advice given to them by Michael Beloff QC not to publish the Jillings report.
Readers will recognise the name Bowes-Lyon. It’s the Queen Mum’s family! Sir David Bowes-Lyons is the Queen Mum’s brother.
So who was Dame Jean’s brother, the man who pegged out five days after the Jillings Report was handed to Michael Beloff QC for his advice on how the hell they get out of this one?
John Aymer Dalrymple, 13th Earl of Stair John Dalrymple, 12th Earl of Stair and Violet Evelyn Harford. Dalrymple served as Lord-Lieutenant of Wigtownshire from 1961 to 1983. He also competed in the four-man bobsleigh event at the 1928 Winter Olympics.(9 October 1906 – 26?? February 1996), was a British peer. Styled Viscount Dalrymple from 1906 until 1961, Dalrymple was the son of
My post ‘He Was Looking At I In A Funny Way…’ discussed General Lonsdale, a retired Army Officer who was one of the Browns’ neighbours in Stogursey; General Lonsdale was from a Grand Durham Family and when he was young an Olympic pentathalete. General Lonsdale was such an enthusiastic Olympian that he held high office in the Olympics during the 1920s and 30s. As did Philip Noel-Baker, the Bloomsbury Giggler who’s mistress for decades was Lady Megan Lloyd-George; Noel-Baker served as the Labour MP for a Coventry constituency and then for many years a Derbyshire one. His son Francis Noel-Baker also served as a Labour MP – for Swindon for many years – before defecting to the SDP and then the Tories. Both Noel-Bakers worked for the security services. As did General Lonsdale.
MING CAMPBELL – LINKS WITH GEN LONSDALE HERE
Lord Stair married the Queen’s cousin Davina Katherine Bowes-Lyon (2 May 1930-1 November 2017), daughter of the Honourable Sir David Bowes-Lyon and Rachel Pauline Clay, on 14 January 1960. They had three children and ten grandchildren:
- John David James Dalrymple, 14th Earl of Stair (b. 4 September 1961) he married Hon. Emily Mary Julia Stonor on 17 June 2006. They have three children.
- Hon. David Hew Dalrymple (b. 30 March 1963) he married Emma R. Woods and they have three children
- Alexander John Peter Dalrymple (b. 29 April 2007)
- Davina Alice Louisa Dalrymple (b. 19 April 2009)
- Harry David Fergus Dalrymple (b. 6 April 2015)
- Hon. Michael Colin Dalrymple (b. 1 April 1965) he married Harriet Lucy Buxton in 1991. They have four children:
- William Hew Dalrymple (b. 1992)
- Angus Dalrymple (b. 1993)
- Peter Dalrymple (b. 26 April 1996)
- Flora Dalrymple (b. 2001)
Lord Stair died on 26 February 1996, aged 89, and was succeeded by his eldest son, John.
The Queen Mum’s and David Bowes-Lyon’s father:
Claude George Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne
Claude was educated at Eton College. He gained the rank of Lieutenant between 1876 and 1882 in the 2nd Life Guards. He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Forfarshire between 1904 and 1936. He succeeded as the 14th Lord Lyon and Glamis [S., 1606] on 16 February 1904. He succeeded as the 2nd Baron Bowes of Streatlam Castle, co. Durnam, and of Lunedale, co. York [U.K., 1887] on 16 February 1904. He succeeded as the 21st Lord Glamis [S., 1445] on 16 February 1904. He succeeded as the 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne [S., 1677] on 16 February 1904. He was awarded the Territorial Decoration (T.D.)1 He held the office of Justice of the Peace (J.P.) for Dundee. He held the office of Deputy Lieutenant (D.L.) of Dundee. He was appointed Knight Grand Cross, Royal Victorian Order (G.C.V.O.) in 1923. He was appointed Knight, Order of the Thistle (K.T.) in 1928.1 He was appointed Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.) in 1937. He was created 1st Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne [U.K.] on 1 June 1937.
- Lady Violet Hyacinth Bowes-Lyon1 b. 17 Apr 1882, d. 17 Oct 1893
- Lady Mary Frances Bowes-Lyon+3 b. 30 Aug 1883, d. 8 Feb 1961
- Patrick Bowes-Lyon, 15th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne+1 b. 22 Sep 1884, d. 25 May 1949
- Hon. John Herbert Bowes-Lyon+3 b. 1 Apr 1886, d. 7 Feb 1930
- Hon. Alexander Francis Bowes-Lyon1 b. 14 Apr 1887, d. 19 Oct 1911
- Captain Hon. Fergus Bowes-Lyon+1 b. 18 Apr 1889, d. 26 Sep 1915
- Lady Rose Constance Bowes-Lyon+3 b. 6 May 1890, d. 17 Nov 1967
- Captain Hon. Michael Claude Hamilton Bowes-Lyon+1 b. 1 Oct 1893, d. 1 May 1953
- Lady Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon+1 b. 4 Aug 1900, d. 30 Mar 2002
- Hon. Sir David Bowes-Lyon+1 b. 2 May 1902, d. 13 Sep 1961
Just look their descendants up in Burke’s peerage…
Just one more descendant of the Queen Mum’s family as an example:
Michael Fergus Bowes-Lyon, 18th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne
Michael went to Eton College.
Michael Bowes-Lyon succeeded to his multiple titles just as I was the subject of a serious criminal conspiracy because his father had pegged out all of a sudden at the age of 59, from a heart attack while Michael, his father and a friend were out walking near Glamis Castle. As RAF helicopter took the Earl to hospital in Dundee but he was dead on arrival.
We shouldn’t be surprised, the Gang are dreadful to each other as well as to everyone else.
Burke’s peerage states that Michael Bowes-Lyons inherited his titles on 18 July 1987. Yet wiki and the report in the New York Times of the death of the Earl give the date of his death as Aug 18 1987. But the Bowes-Lyons aren’t very good at getting the dates of their own deaths correct are they.
Dame Jean’s father the 12th Earl of Stair was educated at Eton College, Windsor. He was educated at the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst. He held the office of Justice of the Peace for Wigtownshire in 1936. He was appointed M.B.E. in 1941. He fought in the Second World War, in the Middle East, and was mentioned in dispatches. He was Lieutenant-Colonel of the 1st Battalion, Scots Guards between 1942 and 1943.1 He was Lieutenant-Colonel of the 2nd Battalion, Scots Guards between 1946 and 1949.1 He was Lieutenant-Colonel of the Scots Guards between 1949 and 1952. He held the office of Deputy Lieutenant of Wigtownshire in 1953. He held the office of Lord Lieutenant of Wigtownshire between 1961 and 1981. He succeeded as the 13th Lord Newliston, Glenluce and Stranraer on 4 November 1961.1 He succeeded as the 14th Lord Glenluce and Stranraer on 4 November 1961.1 He succeeded as the 14th Viscount of Stair on 4 November 1961.1 He succeeded as the 13th Earl of Stair on 4 November 1961. He succeeded as the 13th Viscount Dalrymple on 4 November 1961.1 He succeeded as the 6th Baron Oxenfoord of Cousland, co. Midlothian on 4 November 1961.1 He succeeded as the 14th Baronet Dalrymple, of Stair on 4 November 1961.1 He succeeded as the 10th Baronet Dalrymple, of Cousland on 4 November 1961.1 He was appointed Commander, Royal Victorian Order in 1964.1 He was Captain-General of the Royal Company of Archers.1 He held the office of Gold Stick of Scotland between 1973 and 1988.1 He was appointed Knight Commander, Royal Victorian Order in 1978.
Children of John Aymer Dalrymple, 13th Earl of Stair and Davina Katherine Bowes-Lyon
From 1821 to 1822 Frederick West was Sheriff of Berkshire.
Frederick West married first, Charlotte, daughter of Richard Mitchell, of Culham Court at Wargrave (now Remenham) in Berkshire. Charlotte died in 1795 and he married secondly, Maria, daughter of Richard Myddleton of Chirk Castle, near Wrexham. West inherited the properties of both his fathers-in-law.
Frederick West’s son, Frederick Richard West, was first married to Lady Georgiana Stanhope (a daughter of Philip Stanhope, 5th Earl of Chesterfield) and Henrietta, the third daughter of Thomas Thynne, 1st Marquess of Bath, ancestor of the Loins Of Longleat.
Frederick Richard West’s second marriage was in 1827 to Theresa John Cornwallis Whitby, the only daughter of Captain John Whitby RN, and Mary Anna Theresa Symonds. A son from the second marriage was William Cornwallis-West, who later became an MP for West Denbighshire.
|Lord-Lieutenant of Denbighshire|
|Preceded by||Robert Myddelton Biddulph|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Kenyon|
|Member of Parliament for Denbighshire West|
|Preceded by||New constituency|
|Succeeded by||John Roberts|
William Cornwallis West
20 March 1835
|Died||4 July 1917 (aged 82)
|Political party||Liberal Party; Liberal Unionist Party|
(m. 1872; his death 1917)
|Relations||Mary Anne Whitby (grandmother)|
|Children||Daisy, Princess of Pless who married Prince Hans Heinrich XV von Hochberg.
George Cornwallis-West who was the second husband of Lady Randolph Churchill (the American heiress formerly known as Jennie Jerome), mother of Winston Churchill. After their 1914 divorce, George married Mrs Patrick Campbell.
|Parents||Frederick Richard West
Cornwallis-West was a Justice of the Peace for Hampshire and Denbighshire and an Honorary Colonel in the 4th Battalion of the Royal Welch Fusiliers. In 1895 he assumed by deed poll the surname of Cornwallis-West. He lived at Ruthin Castle, Denbighshire and also at Newlands Manor, Milford, Hampshire.
Cornwallis-West was called to the Bar at Lincoln’s Inn, in 1862. Dick Crossman’s dad would be turning up very soon, Lord Dennings and Hailsham would be arriving shortly after and following in their footsteps, Thatch, then Miranda, Cherie and Gnome’s grandson Mark Piercy.
For those who Didn’t Know/Can’t Remember/Never Really Knew These People Anyway, here’s a few Interesting Facts about Winston’s mum, wife of one of the Founding Fathers Of The Denbigh Dungeon:
|Lady Randolph Spencer-Churchill|
Portrait of Lady Randolph Churchill, c. 1880
9 January 1854
Cobble Hill, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
|Died||29 June 1921 (aged 67)
Paddington, London, England
|Buried||St Martin’s Church, Bladon|
Jennie was the second of four daughters (one died in childhood) of financier, sportsman, and speculator Leonard Jerome and his wife Clarissa (always called Clara), daughter of Ambrose Hall, a landowner.
Jennie was raised in Brooklyn, Paris, and New York City. A noted beauty (an admirer, Lord d’Abernon, said that there was “more of the panther than of the woman in her look”), Jennie Jerome worked as a magazine editor in early life. Lady Randolph was a talented amateur pianist, having been tutored as a girl by Stephen Heller, a friend of Chopin.
Lady Randolph served as the Chair of the Hospital Committee for the American Women’s War Relief Fund starting in 1914. This organization helped fund and staff two hospitals during World War I. Jennie Jerome was married for the first time at the British Embassy in Paris to Lord Randolph Churchill, the third son of John Winston Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough and Lady Frances Anne Vane. The couple had met at a sailing regatta on the Isle of Wight in August 1873, having been introduced by Bertie Prince of Wales, the future King Edward VII.
Although Jennie and Randolph became engaged within three days of this initial meeting, the marriage was delayed for months while their parents argued over settlements. By this marriage, Jennie was properly known as Lady Randolph Churchill and would have been addressed in conversation as Lady Randolph.
Jennie and Randolph Churchils had two sons: Winston (1874–1965), the future PM, was born less than eight months after the marriage. According to his biographer William Manchester, Winston was most likely conceived before the marriage, rather than born prematurely. Call Bodger and Brave Wendy, Experts Needed, was Lady R up the duff when she married? Because I heard that she wore white to that wedding…
On second thoughts, Bodger and Brave Wendy wouldn’t be needed, this lot are in Gwynne’s circle, birth certificates and other documentation can be forged as necessary.
A recent biography has stated that Winnie was born two months prematurely after Lady Randolph “had a fall”. When asked about the circumstances of his birth, Winston replied: “Although present on the occasion, I have no clear recollection of the events leading up to it.” He should have asked the enquirer what business it was of theirs.
Lady Randolph’s sisters believed that the biological father of the second son, John (1880–1947) was Evelyn Boscawen, 7th Viscount Falmouth although most gossips have discredited that theory due to the boys’ striking likeness to their father and each other.
‘Ooh do you know who the father is, well it’s certainly not him is it, I mean the baby’s hair is the wrong colour’.
As all babies look like Winston Churchill anyway, who would know?
Lady Randolph is believed to have had numerous lovers during her marriage, including the Prince of Wales, Milan I of Serbia, Prince Karl Kinsky, and Herbert von Bismarck. I don’t mind, I really don’t, my concern is with the old criminals Gwynne and Dafydd who were of such assistance to Lady Randolph and her mates.
Lady Randolph played a limited role in her sons’ upbringing, relying largely upon nannies, especially Elizabeth Everest. Winston worshipped his mother, writing her numerous letters during his time at school and begging her to visit him, which she rarely did. After he became an adult, they became good friends and strong allies; Winston regarded her almost as a political mentor.
Lady Randolph was well-respected and influential in the highest British social and political circles. It was said that Queen Alexandra especially enjoyed her company, although Lady Randolph had been involved in an affair with Alexandra’s husband, the King, which was well known to Alexandra. That’s Bertie we’re talking about, who’s youthful whoring coincided with the rapid construction of an extra wing on the North Wales Hospital. Through her family contacts and her extramarital romantic relationships, Lady Randolph greatly helped her husband’s early career, as well as that of her son Winston and Gwynne.
In 1909, when American impresario Charles Frohman became sole manager of The Globe Theatre, the first production was His Borrowed Plumes, written by Lady Randolph Churchill. Although Mrs Patrick Campbell produced and took the lead role in the play, it was a commercial failure. It was at this point that Mrs Patrick Campbell began an affair with Lady Randolph’s then husband, George Cornwallis-West.
Mrs Patrick Campbell (9 February 1865-9 April 1940), born Beatrice Rose Stella Tanner and known informally as “Mrs Pat“, was an English stage actress. Mrs Patrick Campbell put it about a bit. She studied for a short time at the Guildhall School of Music. In 1884 Mrs Patrick Campbell eloped with Patrick Campbell, while pregnant with their child, Alan “Beo” Urquhart. Their second child, Stella, was born in 1886. Patrick Campbell went to Australia and later to South Africa. He died in the Boer War in 1900.
Fourteen years later, Mrs Patrick Campbell became the second wife of George Cornwallis-West, previously married to Jennie Jerome. Notwithstanding her second marriage she continued to use the stage name “Mrs Patrick Campbell”.
In 1900, Mrs Patrick Campbell, having become her own Manager/Director, made her debut performance on Broadway in New York City in Heimat by Hermann Sudermann. Subsequent appearances in New York and on tour in the US established Mrs Patrick Campbell as a major theatrical presence there. Mrs Patrick Campbell would regularly perform on the New York stage until 1933. Mrs Patrick Campbell was a good friend of Sarah Bernhardt, who famously discussed Uganda with Bertie.
Other friends of Mrs Patrick Campbell included Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree, who’s grandson David Tree married into the family of Gwynne and Dafydd’s pal Lady Juliet Bingley. Another grandson of Sir Herbert was Ollie Rees. See previous posts. Mrs Patrick Campbell was also friends with John Gielgud and other Greats Of The Theatre. One of the many with whom Mrs Patrick Campbell discussed Uganda was George Bernard Shaw
Mrs Patrick Campbell’s father John Tanner (1829–1895), a descendant of Thomas Tanner, Bishop of St Asaph, was a Consul and merchant who “managed to get through two large fortunes”, in part through losses in the Indian Mutiny. Her mother, Louisa Joanna Romanini, was one of the eight daughters of Angelo Romanini of Brescia and Rosa née Polinelli of Milan. Angelo had joined the Carbonari and, as a result, had to leave Italy. Angelo and his family travelled over Eastern Europe aided by a firman from the Sultan of Turkey. Six of Angelo’s eight daughters, all under eighteen, married Englishmen.
Mrs Patrick Campbell’s first husband Patrick Campbell (1855–1900) was the son of Patrick McMicken Campbell (1826–1896), a banker who was the Chief Manager of the Oriental Bank Corporation, and his first wife Montgomerie Anne née Kerr (1836–1869). After her death he married her cousin, Alicia Anne Kerr.
Mrs Patrick Campbell’s daughter Stella (1886-1975) joined her mother on stage and toured with her in the USA, but “made up her mind to marry a man [her mother] scarcely knew, who had lived in Africa for many years”. Stella left for Kenya in early 1911 to marry Mervyn Worcester Howard Beech (1881–1923).
Mrs Patrick Campbell died on 9 April 1940 in Pau, France, aged 75, of pneumonia.
Lord Randolph died in 1895, aged 45. His death freed Jennie to move in the highest London society circles and she was much admired by the Prince of Wales. It was at a party hosted by Daisy Warwick that Jennie was introduced to George Cornwallis-West, a Captain in the Scots Guards who was just 26 days older than Winston; he was instantly smitten, and they spent much time together. George and Jennie were married on 28 July 1900 at St Paul’s Church, Knightsbridge.
Now Then. Daisy Warwick:
The Countess of Warwick
Daisy Greville, 1899
Frances Evelyn Maynard
10 December 1861
|Died||26 July 1938 (aged 76)|
Francis Greville, 5th Earl of Warwick
(m. 1881; died 1924)
|Parent(s)||Col. Charles Maynard
Pedr Paedophilia, Grocer Heath’s Secretary of State for Wales and an excellent friend of Gwynne and Dafydd, in 1947 married Tessa Dean, the daughter of Basil Dean and Daisy’s daughter Lady Mercy Greville. Tessa died in 1985. Pedr was around until 4 Feb 2008.
The Lord Thomas of Gwydir
|Secretary of State for Wales|
19 June 1970 – 5 March 1974
|Prime Minister||Edward Heath|
|Preceded by||George Thomas|
|Succeeded by||John Morris|
|Chairman of the Conservative Party|
20 June 1970 – 7 April 1972
|Preceded by||Anthony Barber|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Carrington|
Peter John Mitchell Thomas
31 July 1920
|Died||4 February 2008 (aged 87)|
(m. 1947; died 1985)
|Alma mater||Jesus College, Oxford
A la Harold Wilson, Bishop of Bangor/Archbishop of Wales Gwilym Williams, Huw Daniel and his father Prof J.E. Daniel…
Pedr was of the same vintage as Harold, Gwilym Williams and J.E. Daniel.
Pedr Paedophilia grew up in Llanwrst, the son of a solicitor. Pedr worked for intelligence services. Pedr was a bent barrister of Middle Temple. Pedr practised on the Wales and Chester Circuit. He became Deputy Chairman of Cheshire Quarter Sessions in 1966 and then of Denbighshire Quarter Sessions in 1968, serving in both offices until 1970. Pedr was a Crown Court Recorder, 1974-88, and also sat as an arbitrator on the Court of Arbitration of the International Chamber of Commerce in Paris.
Pedr was elected as MP for Conway, the constituency in which Gwynne grew up, in 1951. Pedr served as PPS to Sir Harry Hylton-Foster (the Solicitor General and later Speaker), 1954-59. Pedr was a member of the Council of Europe from 1957 to 1959, and sponsored the Private Members Bill that became the Eisteddfod Act 1959.
Myth has it that when Pedr was Welsh Secretary he was traumatised by Militant Welsh Nash who were removing English road signs etc and Bigus Pedr Overcame. Bigus was working for the security services, was of Gwynne and Dafydd, and any friend of theirs was a friend of Pedr.
Pedr served as Parliamentary Secretary at the Ministry of Labour 1959–61, taking charge of the measures that abolished the requirements for employees to be paid in cash and the maximum wage for professional footballer (£14 per week in November 1960). Pedr moved to become Under-Secretary of State at the Foreign Office in 1961, travelling to Moscow with Lord Home in 1963 to sign the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. Pedr was promoted to Minister of State for Foreign Affairs in 1963, and was sworn of the Privy Council in Brenda’s Birthday Honours of 1964, but left office when his Party lost the 1964 General Election. In opposition, Pedr was a Spokesman on Foreign Affairs and then Law from 1965–66. Although Pedr had held his Conway seat (and steadily increased his majority) since 1951, he narrowly lost to Labour at the 1966 General Election, but returned as MP for Hendon South at the General Election in June 1970, a position Pedr he held until retiring in 1987, scarpering from the scene of the crime when he expected me to be fitted up and jailed in July 1987. Pedr bagged a peerage in the dissolution honours of that year.
The really great thing about Cymro Pedr Paedophilia serving as MP for Hendon was that the police training establishment was located there and Hendon was also the location of the GP practice of Joseph Stone, Harold Wilson’s Top Doc who’s loyalty to the Gang outweighed political divides. Stone’s brother-in-law was Sydney Bernstein, founder of Manchester based Granada TV, who brought Corrie to the world.
Elsie Tanner with her husband and her husband’s daughter and her husband’s daughter’s husband. Elsie Passed Over on 17 Sept 1986.
In February 1971, paralleling plans to reorganise local government in England, Pedr announced the plans to replace the existing 181 local councils with 7 new County Councils counties and 36 District Councils. An extra County Council was added later, for Cardiff. The reorganisation made the Gang’s even easier.
Pedr remained Welsh Spokesman after the Conservative Party lost the General Election in February 1974, but left the front bench when Thatch became Party Leader in February 1975. Pedr became active on backbench committees and was President of the Conservative Friends of Israel.
Pedr was bilingual in Welsh and English, and took an active part in the Gorsedd, attending Eisteddfodau under the bardic name Pedr Conwy.
Pedr Paedophilia was Secretary of State for Wales when the responsibility for Social Services – and thus children in care – passed from the DHSS to the Welsh Office in 1972.
DATES – Sec state when heads of bryn Estyn were being sacked, killed in car crashes, then matt Arnold n Howarth relocated to bryn Estyn
BMA – campaigned for Heath in 1970 GE – fell out with Crossman over pay claim – Brian warren
Pedr being sent in the direction of Hendon must have been with a view to business for the Gang – – and welsh sec too – just look at his mother-in-law’s family’s network:
Pedr’s mother-in-law’s mother Daisy aka Frances Maynard was considered a possible wife for Queen Victoria’s youngest son, Prince Leopold (later Duke of Albany). The Queen desired this and used Lord Beaconsfield to influence the Maynard family to this end. However, the match fell through, and by mutual choice, in 1881 Frances married Francis Greville, Lord Brooke, the eldest son and heir of George Greville, 4th Earl of Warwick, although her parents did not initially approve. Lord Brooke succeeded to the earldom in 1893, and the family moved to Warwick Castle.
The first and probably only legitimate child to the marriage was Leopold Guy (1882–1928), who later became the 6th Earl of Warwick. Marjorie Blanche (1884–1964), born three years after the marriage, was Daisy’s second child. Daisy, in a 1923 conversation with Basil Dean, the husband of Marjorie, stated that her daughter was fathered by Lord Charles Beresford. The third, Charles Algernon (1885–1887), died aged 16 months, and may too have been fathered by Charles Beresford.
Daisy’s fourth child was a son, Maynard (1898–1960), and the fifth, a daughter, Mercy (1904–1968). These two were fathered by Joseph Frederick (Joe) Laycock, a millionaire bachelor. Mercy was fathered by Laycock after he had married Katherine Mary (Kitty), the Marchioness of Downshire, on 14 November 1902, following her being divorced by Arthur Hill, 6th Marquess of Downshire citing adultery with Laycock.
Following her marriage Daisy became a celebrated hostess and socialite. She and her husband were members of the ‘Marlborough House Set’, headed by Bertie, Albert Edward, Prince of Wales. From 1886, Daisy became involved in affairs with several powerful men, most notably Bertie.
Daisy Warwick was a favourite of Bertie and as a Royal favourite, others would ‘prove their worth’ by assisting those favourites, including Daisy. Cecil Rhodes made sure that her investments in Tanganyika Concessions Ltd were successful. Tanganyika Concessions Ltd was notorious for stock manipulation; during one period of a few days the price went from 21⁄4 to 13 pounds per share and then crashed.
During Daisy’s affair with Lord Charles Beresford, Daisy was outraged to learn of Lady Charles Beresford’s pregnancy. Questioning Lord Charles’ loyalty to her, Daisy dispatched a letter to him over the matter, unaware that Lord Charles had instructed his wife to open his mail whilst he was away and thus, Lady Charles became aware of what was going on. The letter became a point of dispute, and the reason Daisy acquired the epithet “Babbling Brooke.” Others who read the letter, including Charles’s brother, Lord Marcus Beresford agreed it “ought to have never seen the light of day”. Lady Charles handed the letter to Sir George Lewis, 1st Baronet, Society’s Discreet Solicitor, for safe-keeping. Daisy Warwick appealed to the Prince of Wales.
Arguably, the incident effectively cemented Daisy’s superior social standing, as Bertie acquired Daisy as his own semi-official mistress. The Bertie hoped to convince Lady Charles to give up the letter for its destruction, however she gave Daisy an ultimatum: stay away from London that season and the letter would be returned. Daisy Warwick refused this edict and Bertie made the situation worse by hinting to Lady Charles that the position she and her husband held in society would be endangered. This angered Lord Charles enough to push Bertie against a sofa. Bertie forgave Lord Charles for his actions, but the scandal placed a definite strain on the friendship of the two men. The quarrel lasted until PM Lord Salisbury intervened and both parties reached an agreement. Nevertheless, the relations between Bertie and Lord Charles remained weak for the remainder of their lives.
For almost a decade Daisy was a special favourite of Bertie. She also formed her own passionate attachments elsewhere. She fell hopelessly in love with a faithless millionaire bachelor, Joseph Laycock. When she became pregnant with Laycock’s child, Bertie, although forever fond of her, insisted a distance be kept between them. Laycock, who served as an army officer in the Boer war, was the natural father of two of Daisy’s children. However, Laycock was also in an affair with Kitty, the Marchioness of Downshire. When the Marquess of Downshire threatened divorce over her affair, this menage-à-trois set society’s pens ablaze with letters expressing Shock and Disgust. Laycock married Lady Downshire after her divorce and Daisy was forced to attend to other matters.
Thus Daisy threw herself into the schemes she had begun to address social inequality, including the education and feeding of the children of the poor, and the education and employment of women. Daisy formally joined the Social Democratic Federation and campaigned in support of candidates from both the SDF and the Independent Labour Party. Nevertheless, Daisy’s lifestyle, largesse in community projects and years of lavish entertainment and socialite pursuits had depleted the immense fortune she had inherited from her grandfather.
Following Bertie’s death, Daisy found herself facing increasingly large debts as a result of her unmanaged largesse and carelessness in money matters; thus an attempt was made to secure the private sale of the late Bertie’s letters to Daisy to the new King George V. The letters demonstrated the extent of Bertie’s Goings-On and would have scandalised society if they had been made public. It was on the intervention of Lord Stamfordham that the scheme was halted as he argued their copyright belonged to King George. After the High Court restrained Daisy from publishing the letters in Britain, she threatened to sell them to American media. British industrialist and politician Arthur Du Cros offered to pay £64,000 (2012: £6,190,545) worth of Daisy’s debts in return for the love letters and for his generosity; he was created a baronet in 1916.
DEAL OR NO DEAL?? Its Bertie we’re talking about Christ shut Daisy up someone
In 1928, Daisy was facing imprisonment in HM Prison Holloway for her debts but was released on condition that if and when she published her memoirs she would “undertake to submit it to a literary man.” When her memoir manuscript was eventually submitted it was censored, but Daisy’s daughter still called it so vulgar that it could only be described as muck. Titled “Life’s Ebb and Flow,” today, it is considered one of the best-written memoirs on Edwardian society and is often cited. Copies of the love letters were later released to the public by Daisy’s daughter; rather than being the passionate love letters claimed by Daisy, they were found to be a mix of gossip and “affectionate banter.”
May I just observe at this point that Gwynne et al were closely involved? A la my letters to the GMC and other documents, Daisy’s letters will have been er doctored…
Robert Blatchford wrote a critique of Lady Warwick’s lifestyle in the 1890s, and it was allegedly this that led her to seek him out to discuss socialism. His lengthy and reasoned riposte to her had a lasting impact and she, from then on, determinedly sought to find the truths pertaining to the lives of the less well off. Although Daisy might have just been doing what John Profumo, Veronica Gnome, Gwynne and Dafydd and many more did and Helping The Poor because they’re a bloody goldmine.
Daisy joined the Social Democratic Federation in 1904. She donated large amounts of money to the organisation and in particular supported its campaign for free meals for schoolchildren alongside her secretary Mary Bridges-Adams. As a Patron of several parishes, she presented socialist clergy including Conrad Noel to their livings despite the controversy caused. As a Socialist Daisy opposed World War I as a Capitalist imposition and supported the October Revolution. After the war, Daisy joined the Independent Labour Party. She stood as Independent Labour Party candidate in 1923 for the Warwick and Leamington constituency against Anthony Eden who was the eventual winner.
Daisy Warwick founded a secondary and technical science school and school of agriculture at Bigods, Dunmow, near to her Essex property Easton Lodge. Her intention in creating the school was to encourage the development of intelligent workers who could make use of their skills to develop British agriculture. She perceived British agricultural workers to be poorly educated and inferior to those in continental Europe and Holland. The school ran for roughly 10 years with financial support from Daisy, 1897 and 1907. She founded a needlework school at Easton in Essex for girls whom she recognised had excellent hand skills that would enable them to gain meaningful and well-paid employment. She set up a hostel for women students of agriculture at Reading which was succeeded after six years by a bigger all-inclusive college, land and accommodation scheme at Studley Castle and park, Studley Agricultural College for Women. Daisy wanted to gift Easton to the Independent Labour Party and then to the TUC as a college for socialism, but neither scheme progressed beyond initial acceptances that led to the holding of the ILP’s annual summer school in August 1925 and a series of weekend conferences over the same summer. Daisy created and extended the gardens both at Warwick Castle and at Easton Lodge and was President of the National Chrysanthemum Society.
Daisy commissioned Harold Peto to create gardens over 10 acres of the parkland at Easton which included creating a sunken garden, in an Italianate style a la Percy Thrower’s creation for Blue Peter. Daisy’s scheme was put into effect through the labour of men from the Salvation Army Colony at Hadleigh. The novelist H. G. Wells was a resident of Daisy’s Easton estate, letting Easton Glebe from 1910 to 1928.
Daisy threw parties to raise funds to provide the chapel, now a part of Warwick Boys’ School, with a pulpit, known as “Daisy’s Pulpit”.
During the 1890s, Lady Warwick became acquainted with the novelist Elinor Glyn, whom she introduced into British society.
From 1912 Daisy began acting as leader and hostess of the ‘Warwick Circle’ at Easton Lodge, largely dedicated to a reinvention of supposed folk traditions, pageants, dances and dialect plays, under the banner of the Dunmow and District Progressive Club, with newly-written ‘vernacular’ plays performed at Lady Warwick’s Barn Theatre at Little Easton. The purpose of the enterprise was the enlightenment of local lower classes, although these were not part of the ‘Warwick Circle’ or its social gatherings.
Daisy commented on the coming endeavour in a 1911 letter to R. D. Blumenfeld with: “We shall be a little group of the Salt of the Earth in the Dunmow District soon!” Conrad Noel, the ‘Red Vicar’ of Thaxted, whom Daisy had appointed to his incumbency, was a critical supporter stating that this “…smacked of [the] Bloomsbury” set. Members of Cecil Sharp‘s English Folk Dance Society performed at the inaugural event at The Barn Theatre, and Sharp noted that Daisy’s vote of thanks contained a vision of “merry dancers on village greens and the people of Easton dancing to meet the people of Dunmow”.
Those who contributed and gravitated to be entertained in the ‘Warwick Circle’ were fellow socialist political proponents and literary figures, including H. G. Wells, Lancelot and Hugh Cranmer-Byng (playwrights and scions of the Torrington baronetcy), Samuel Levy Bensusan (dialect playwright and writer), Ramsay MacDonald, J. W. Robertson Scott, Howell Arthur Gwynne, Sir Walter Gilbey, Henry De Vere Stacpoole, J. M. Barrie, George Bernard Shaw, Cecil Sharp, Arnold Bennett, and Harold Monro (poet).
Around this time of her marriage to George Cornwallis-West, Jennie became well known for chartering the hospital ship RFA Maine to care for those wounded in the Second Boer War, for which she was awarded the decoration of the Royal Red Cross (RRC) in the South Africa Honours list published on 26 June 1902. Jennie received the decoration in person from Bertie on 2 October that year, during a visit to Balmoral Castle.
In 1908, Jennie wrote her memoirs The Reminiscences of Lady Randolph Churchill. George doted on Jennie, amorously nicknaming her “pussycat”. However, they drifted apart. The Churchills were becoming a dedicated literary family, and George, who was a financial failure in the City, slowly fell out of love with his wife, who was old enough to be his mother. Short of money, Jennie contemplated selling the family home in Hertfordshire to move into the Ritz Hotel in Piccadilly to tighten her belt. George was in fragile health when he recuperated at the royal skiing resort of St Moritz. Jennie took to writing plays for the West End, in many of which the star was Mrs. Patrick Campbell.
Jennie separated from George in 1912, and they were divorced in April 1914, whereupon Cornwallis-West married Mrs. Campbell. Jennie dropped the surname Cornwallis-West, and resumed, by deed poll, the name Lady Randolph Churchill.
Jennie third marriage, on 1 June 1918, was to Montagu Phippen Porch (1877–1964), a member of the British Civil Service in Nigeria, who was younger than Winston by three years. At the end of World War I, Porch resigned from the colonial service. After Jennie’s death, he returned to West Africa, where his business investments had proven successful.
In May 1921, while Montagu Porch was away in Africa, Jennie slipped while coming down a friend’s staircase wearing new high-heeled shoes, breaking her ankle. Gangrene set in, and her left leg was amputated above the knee on 10 June. She died at her home at 8 Westbourne Street in London on 29 June, following a haemorrhage of an artery in her thigh, resulting from the amputation. Does that mean that Jennie bled to death while a Top Doc was sawing her leg off?? She was 67 years old.
Constance’s maternal grandfather was Reverend Frederick Fitzpatrick and her paternal grandfather was Frederick Richard West (son of the Hon. Frederick West, younger son of John West, 2nd Earl De La Warr).
The Duchess Constance was one of only two women to compete in sailing at the 1908 Summer Olympics as owner and extra crew member of the 8-metre bronze medal-winning yacht Sorais. She distributed the diplomas of special merit to the competitors of the other Olympic sports on 25 July 1908.
At a party at Blenheim Palace, Mary asked the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) to convince Hugh Grosvenor, 2nd Duke of Westminster, to marry her daughter. The pair were married on 16 February 1901 and moved into Grosvenor House on Park Lane, a mansion that the Duke had inherited from his grandfather. Later they lived together at Eaton Hall, Cheshire. The Duke was one of the richest men in the world. Together, they had three children:
- Lady Ursula Mary Olivia Grosvenor (1902–1978), whose descendants are the only descendants of the Duchess and of the Duke.
- Edward George Hugh Grosvenor, Earl Grosvenor (1904–1909), who died young.
- Lady Mary Constance Grosvenor (1910–2000), who never married and became a motor racing and rally driver.
The marriage was happy at first and the couple shared many interests, including yachting and motor racing. However, her parents’ expectation of personal financial gain through the marriage and her own long absence from home affected her marriage to the conservative Duke.
In 1909, the couple’s only son and heir apparent to the dukedom died following an operation for appendicitis while the Duchess was away. The Duke accused her of neglecting the child, and the Duchess did not attend the boy’s funeral. It was rumoured that the Duchess was having a secret liaison with the Duke of Alba, whilst her husband had what he described as his own “nocturnal adventures”. Nonetheless, the couple appeared together at social events until the birth of their youngest child, Lady Mary. In 1913, the Duke requested separation but, with the outbreak of the First World War, the couple turned their attention to war service – the Duke joined his regiment and the Duchess sponsored a military hospital in Le Touquet, housed in a local casino.
In 1918, the Duchess was created a Commander of the Order of the British Empire for her service in the war. The couple were divorced – on the grounds of the Duke’s adultery and desertion – the following year, with the decree being made absolute 19 December 1919. The alimony settlement of £13,000 a year he made upon her was then the largest in British legal history.
On 14 January 1920, aged 44, the former Duchess of Westminster secretly married her private secretary and agent, Captain John Fitzpatrick Lewis, then in his 30s, at Lyndhurst, Hampshire. She had met Lewis early in the war, while he was being treated at her hospital in Le Touquet. They had no children. Constance died on 21 January 1970, aged 94.
The Duke and Constance had three children:
- Lady Ursula Mary Olivia Grosvenor (21 February 1902-1978), married, firstly, William Patrick Filmer-Sankey in 1924 and was divorced in 1940. She married, secondly, Major Stephen Vernon in 1940. By her first husband she had two sons, Patrick (who married the film actress Josephine Griffin) and Christopher Filmer-Sankey, the younger dying in her lifetime. Her child by her second husband died young. Lady Ursula’s descendants by her first husband are the sole descendants of the 2nd Duke. They reside in the UK, Australia and Sweden.
- Edward George Hugh Grosvenor, Earl Grosvenor (1904–1909), who died aged 4, after an operation for appendicitis.
- Lady Mary Constance Grosvenor (27 June 1910 – 2000).
On 26 November 1920, the Duke became the second husband of Fruity’s friend Violet, born Violet Mary Nelson (1891–1983). They were divorced in 1926.
Westminster married Loelia Mary Ponsonby (1902–1993) on 20 February 1930. They had no children and divorced in 1947.
Westminster then married Anne (Nancy) Winifred Sullivan (1915–2003).
The Duke was known for multiple love affairs and spectacular presents. After Coco, he was fascinated by the Brazilian Aimée de Heeren who was not interested in marrying him and to whom he gave significant jewellery, once part of the French Crown Jewels.
The Duke died from a coronary thrombosis on his Scottish estate in Sutherland in 1953, aged 74, and was buried in the churchyard of Eccleston Church near Eaton Hall, Cheshire. His estate attracted then-record death duties of £18m, which took between July 1953 and August 1964 to pay off to the Inland Revenue.
Sir Oswald Mosley
|Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster|
7 June 1929 – 19 May 1930
|Prime Minister||Ramsay MacDonald|
|Preceded by||Ronald McNeill|
|Succeeded by||Clement Attlee|
|Member of Parliament
21 December 1926 – 27 October 1931
|Preceded by||John Davison|
|Succeeded by||Roy Wise|
|Member of Parliament
14 December 1918 – 29 October 1924
|Preceded by||Harry Mallaby-Deeley|
|Succeeded by||Sir Isidore Salmon|
Oswald Ernald Mosley
|Died||3 December 1980(1980-12-03) (aged 84)
Orsay, Essonne, France
|Political party||Conservative Party
British Union of Fascists
|National Party of Europe
|Alma mater||Winchester College
Royal Military College, Sandhurst
British War Medal
• 16th The Queen’s Lancers
• Royal Flying Corps
|Years of service||1914–1918|
|Battles/wars||First World War
• Second Battle of Ypres
• Battle of Loos
Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley, 6th Baronet (16 November 1896 – 3 December 1980) was a British politician who rose to fame in the 1920s as a Member of Parliament and later in the 1930s became leader of the British Union of Fascists (BUF). Mosley inherited the title ‘Sir’ by virtue of his baronetcy; he was the sixth baronet of a title that had been in his family for centuries.
After military service during the First World War, Mosley was one of the youngest Members of Parliament, representing Harrow from 1918 to 1924, first as a Conservative, then an independent, before joining the Labour Party. At the 1924 General Election he stood in Birmingham Ladywood against future Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, coming within 100 votes of beating him.
Mosley returned to Parliament as Labour MP for Smethwick at a by-election in 1926 and served as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster in the Labour Government of 1929–31. He was considered a potential Labour Prime Minister but resigned due to discord with the Government’s unemployment policies. He chose not to defend his Smethwick constituency at the 1931 general election, instead unsuccessfully standing in Stoke-on-Trent. Mosley’s New Party became the British Union of Fascists (BUF) in 1932.
Mosley was imprisoned in May 1940, and the BUF was banned. He was released in 1943 and, politically disgraced by his association with fascism, moved abroad in 1951; he spent the majority of the remainder of his life in Paris. He stood for Parliament during the post-war era but received very little support.
Mosley was born on 16 November 1896 at 47 Hill Street, Mayfair, Westminster. He was the eldest of the three sons of Sir Oswald Mosley, 5th Baronet (1873–1928), and Katharine Maud Edwards-Heathcote (1874–1950), daughter of Captain Justinian H. Edwards-Heathcote of Apedale Hall, Staffordshire. He had two younger brothers: Edward Heathcote Mosley (1899–1980) and John Arthur Noel Mosley (1901–1973).
The family traces its roots to Ernald de Mosley of Bushbury, Staffordshire in the time of King John in the 12th century. The family was prominent in Staffordshire and three baronetcies were created, two of which are now extinct. His five-time great-grandfather John Parker Mosley, a Manchester hatter, was made a baronet in 1781. His branch of the Mosley family was the Anglo-Irish family at its most prosperous, landowners in Staffordshireseated at Rolleston Hall near Burton-upon-Trent. His father was a third cousin to the 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, father of Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon the wife of Prince Albert, second son of King George V eventually becoming King George VI. Elizabeth reigned as his Queen from 1936 to 1952.
After his parents separated he was brought up by his mother, who went to live at Betton Hall near Market Drayton, and his paternal grandfather, Sir Oswald Mosley, 4th Baronet. Within the family and among intimate friends, he was always called “Tom”. He lived for many years at his grandparents’ stately home, Apedale Hall, and was educated at West Downs School and Winchester College.
In January 1914, Mosley entered the Royal Military College, Sandhurst but was expelled in June for a “riotous act of retaliation” against a fellow student. During the First World War he was commissioned into the British cavalry unit the 16th The Queen’s Lancers and fought in France on the Western Front. He transferred to the Royal Flying Corps as an observer, but while demonstrating in front of his mother and sister he crashed, which left him with a permanent limp, as well as a reputation for being brave and somewhat reckless. He returned to the trenches before the injury had fully healed and at the Battle of Loos (1915) passed out at his post from pain. He spent the remainder of the war at desk jobs in the Ministry of Munitions and in the Foreign Office.
Marriage to Lady Cynthia Curzon
On 11 May 1920, he married Lady Cynthia “Cimmie” Curzon (1898–1933), second daughter of the 1st Earl Curzon of Kedleston, (1859–1925), Viceroy of India, 1899–1905, Foreign Secretary, 1919–1924, and Lord Curzon’s first wife, the U.S. mercantile heiress, the former Mary Leiter.
Lord Curzon had to be persuaded that Mosley was a suitable husband, as he suspected Mosley was largely motivated by social advancement in Conservative Party politics and Cynthia’s inheritance. The 1920 wedding took place in the Chapel Royal in St James’s Palace in London – arguably the social event of the year. The hundreds of guests included King George V and Queen Mary, as well as foreign royalty such as the Duke and Duchess of Brabant (later King Leopold III and Queen Astrid of Belgium).
During this marriage, he began an extended affair with his wife’s younger sister, Lady Alexandra Metcalfe, and with their stepmother, Grace Curzon, Marchioness Curzon of Kedleston, the American-born second wife and widow of Lord Curzon of Kedleston. He succeeded to the Baronetcy of Ancoats upon his father’s death in 1928, which entitles the current holder to the prefix style Sir.
Among his many travels, Mosley travelled to India accompanied by Lady Cynthia in 1924. His father-in-law’s past as Viceroy of the British Raj allowed for the acquaintance of various personalities along the journey. They travelled by ship and stopped briefly in Cairo.
Having initially arrived in Ceylon (present day Sri Lanka), the journey then continued through mainland India. They spent these initial days in the government house of Ceylon, followed by Madras and then Calcutta, where the Governor at the time was Lord Lytton.
Mosley met Gandhi through C.F. Andrews, a clergyman and an intimate friend of the “Indian Saint”, as Mosley described him. They met in Kadda, where Gandhi was quick to invite him to a private conference in which Gandhi was chairman. They enjoyed each other’s company for the short time they were together. Mosley later further described Gandhi as a “sympathetic personality of subtle intelligence”.
Cynthia died of peritonitis in 1933, after which Mosley married his mistress Diana Guinness, néeMitford (1910–2003). They married in secret in Germany on 6 October 1936 in the Berlin home of Germany’s Minister of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda Joseph Goebbels. Adolf Hitler was their guest of honour.
Mosley spent large amounts of his private fortune on the British Union of Fascists (BUF) and tried to establish it on a firm financial footing by various means including an attempt to negotiate, through Diana, with Adolf Hitler for permission to broadcast commercial radio to Britain from Germany. Mosley reportedly made a deal in 1937 with Francis Beaumont, heir to the Seigneurage of Sark, to set up a privately owned radio station on Sark
By the end of the First World War, Mosley had decided to go into politics as a Conservative Member of Parliament, as he had no university education or practical experience due to the war. He was 21 years old and had not fully developed his own political views. He was driven by, and in Parliament spoke of, a passionate conviction to avoid any future war, and this seemingly motivated his career. Largely because of his family background and war service, local Conservative and Labour Associations preferred Mosley in several constituencies—a vacancy near the family estates seemed to be the best prospect. He was unexpectedly selected for Harrow first. In the general election of 1918 he faced no serious opposition and was elected easily. He was the youngest member of the House of Commons to take his seat, though Joseph Sweeney, an abstentionistSinn Féin member, was younger. He soon distinguished himself as an orator and political player, one marked by extreme self-confidence, and he made a point of speaking in the House of Commons without notes.
Mosley was at this time falling out with the Conservatives over Irish policy, and he condemned the operations of the Black and Tans in Ireland against civilians. Eventually, he crossed the floor to sit as an Independent Member on the opposition side of the House of Commons. Having built up a following in his constituency, he retained it against a Conservative challenge in the 1922 and 1923 general elections.
the most polished literary speaker in the Commons, words flow from him in graceful epigrammatic phrases that have a sting in them for the government and the Conservatives. To listen to him is an education in the English language, also in the art of delicate but deadly repartee. He has human sympathies, courage and brains.”
By 1924, he was growing increasingly attracted to the Labour Party, which had just formed a government, and in March he joined it. He immediately joined the Independent Labour Party (ILP) as well and allied himself with the left.
When the government fell in October, Mosley had to choose a new seat, as he believed that Harrow would not re-elect him as a Labour candidate. He therefore decided to oppose Neville Chamberlain in Birmingham Ladywood. Mosley campaigned aggressively in Ladywood, and accused Chamberlain of being a “landlords’ hireling”. The outraged Chamberlain demanded that Mosley retract the claim “as a gentleman”. Mosley, whom Stanley Baldwin described as “a cad and a wrong ‘un”, refused to retract the allegation. It took several re-counts before Chamberlain was declared the winner by 77 votes and Mosley blamed poor weather for the result. His period outside Parliament was used to develop a new economic policy for the ILP, which eventually became known as the Birmingham Proposals; they continued to form the basis of Mosley’s economics until the end of his political career.
In 1926, the Labour-held seat of Smethwick fell vacant, and Mosley returned to Parliament after winning the resulting by-election on 21 December. Mosley felt the campaign was dominated by Conservative attacks on him for being too rich, including claims that he was covering up his wealth.:190
Mosley and his wife Cynthia were committed Fabians in the 1920s and at the start of the 1930s. Mosley appears in a list of names of Fabians from Fabian News and the Fabian Society Annual Report 1929–31. He was Kingsway Hall lecturer in 1924 and Livingstone Hall lecturer in 1931.
Mosley then made a bold bid for political advancement within the Labour Party. He was close to Ramsay MacDonald and hoped for one of the great offices of state, but when Labour won the 1929 general election he was appointed only to the post of Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, a position without Portfolio and outside the Cabinet. He was given responsibility for solving the unemployment problem, but found that his radical proposals were blocked either by his superior James Henry Thomas or by the Cabinet.
Mosley realising the economic uncertainty that was facing the nation due to the death of her domestic industry, eventually put forward a whole scheme in the “Mosley Memorandum”, which called for high tariffs to protect British industries from international finance, for state nationalisation of main industries, and for a programme of public works to solve unemployment. Furthermore, within the memorandum, it laid out the foundations of the corporate state which intended to combine businesses, workers and the Government into one body as a way to “Obliterate class conflict and make the British economy healthy again”. Mosley published this memorandum due to his dissatisfaction of the laissez-faire attitude that both Labour and the Conservative party held and how passive it was to the ever increasing globalisation of the world and thus looked to a modern solution to fix a modern problem. However, it was rejected by the Cabinet, and in May 1930 Mosley resigned from his ministerial position. At the time, the weekly Liberal-leaning paper The Nation described his move: “The resignation of Sir Oswald Mosley is an event of capital importance in domestic politics… We feel that Sir Oswald has acted rightly — as he has certainly acted courageously — in declining to share any longer in the responsibility for inertia.” In October he attempted to persuade the Labour Party Conference to accept the Memorandum, but was defeated again. Thirty years later, in 1961, Richard Crossman described the memorandum: “… this brilliant memorandum was a whole generation ahead of Labour thinking.” As his book ‘The Greater Britain’ focused on the issues of free trade, the criticisms against globalisation that he formulated can be found through the critiques of contemporary globalisation. He warns nations that buying cheaper goods from other nations may sound appealing but ultimately ravage your domestic industry and lead to large unemployment as seen in the 30s. Mosley in regards to free trade argues that they are trying to “challenge the 50-year-old system of free trade which exposes industry in the home market to the chaos of world conditions, such as price fluctuation, dumping, and the competition of sweated labour, which result in the lowering of wages and industrial decay.”
Dissatisfied with the Labour Party, Mosley founded the New Party. Its early parliamentary contests, in the 1931 Ashton-under-Lyne by-election and subsequent by-elections, arguably had a spoiler effect in splitting the left-wing vote and allowing Conservative candidates to win. Despite this, the organisation gained support among many Labour and Conservative politicians who agreed with his corporatist economic policy, and among these were Aneurin Bevan and Harold Macmillan. It also gained the endorsement of the Daily Mail newspaper, headed at the time by Harold Harmsworth (later created 1st Viscount Rothermere).
The New Party increasingly inclined to fascist policies, but Mosley was denied the opportunity to get his party established when during the Great Depression the 1931 General Election was suddenly called—the party’s candidates, including Mosley himself running in Stoke which had been held by his wife, lost the seats they held and won none. As the New Party gradually became more radical and authoritarian, and as critics of the fascists in the Spanish Civil War emerged in the press, art and literature, many previous supporters defected from it. Shortly after the 1931 election, Mosley was described by The Manchester Guardian:
When Sir Oswald Mosley sat down after his Free Trade Hall speech in Manchester and the audience, stirred as an audience rarely is, rose and swept a storm of applause towards the platform—who could doubt that here was one of those root-and-branch men who have been thrown up from time to time in the religious, political and business story of England. First that gripping audience is arrested,[n 1] then stirred and finally, as we have said, swept off its feet by a tornado of peroration yelled at the defiant high pitch of a tremendous voice.
After his election failure in 1931, Mosley went on a study tour of the “new movements” of Italy’s Benito Mussolini and other fascists, and returned convinced that it was the way forward for Britain. He was determined to unite the existing fascist movements and created the British Union of Fascists (BUF) in 1932. The BUF was protectionist, strongly anti-communist and nationalistic to the point of advocating authoritarianism. It claimed membership as high as 50,000, and had the Daily Mail and Daily Mirror among its earliest (though short-lived) supporters. The Mirror piece was a guest article by Daily Mail owner Viscount Rothermere and an apparent one-off; despite these briefly warm words for the BUF, the paper was so vitriolic in its condemnation of European fascism that Nazi Germany added the paper’s directors to a hit list in the event of a successful Operation Sea Lion. The Mail continued to support the BUF until the Olympia rally in June 1934.
John Gunther described Mosley in 1940 as “strikingly handsome. He is probably the best orator in England. His personal magnetism is very great”. Among Mosley’s supporters at this time included John Strachey, the novelist Henry Williamson, military theorist J. F. C. Fuller, and the future Lord Haw Haw, William Joyce.
Mosley had found problems with disruption of New Party meetings, and instituted a corps of black-uniformed paramilitary stewards, the Fascist Defence Force, the blackshirts. The party was frequently involved in violent confrontations and riots, particularly with Communist and Jewish groups and especially in London. At a large Mosley rally at Olympia on 7 June 1934, his bodyguards’ violence caused bad publicity. This and the Night of the Long Knives in Germany led to the loss of most of the BUF’s mass support. Nevertheless, Mosley continued espousing anti-Semitism. At one of his New Party meetings in Leicester in April 1935, he stated, “For the first time I openly and publicly challenge the Jewish interests of this country, commanding commerce, commanding the Press, commanding the cinema, dominating the City of London, killing industry with their sweat-shops. These great interests are not intimidating, and will not intimidate, the Fascist movement of the modern age.” The party was unable to fight the 1935 General Election.
In October 1936, Mosley and the BUF attempted to march through an area with a high proportion of Jewish residents. Violence, since called the Battle of Cable Street, resulted between protesters trying to block the march and police trying to force it through. Sir Philip Game, the Police Commissioner, disallowed the march from going ahead and the BUF abandoned it.
Mosley continued to organise marches policed by the Blackshirts, and the government was sufficiently concerned to pass the Public Order Act 1936, which, amongst other things, banned political uniforms and quasi-military style organisations and came into effect on 1 January 1937. In the London County Council elections in 1937, the BUF stood in three wards in East London (some former New Party seats), its strongest areas, polling up to a quarter of the vote. Mosley made most of the Blackshirt employees redundant, some of whom then defected from the party with William Joyce. As the European situation moved towards war, the BUF began to nominate Parliamentary by-election candidates and launched campaigns on the theme of Mind Britain’s Business. Mosley remained popular as late as summer 1939. His Britain First rally at the Earls Court Exhibition Hall on 16 July 1939 was the biggest indoor political rally in British history, with a reported 30,000 attendees.
After the outbreak of war, Mosley led the campaign for a negotiated peace, but after the Fall of France and the commencement of aerial bombardment overall public opinion of him turned to hostility. In mid-May 1940, Mosley was nearly wounded by assault.
Unbeknown to Oswald Mosley, the British Security Service and Special Branch had deeply penetrated the BUF and were also monitoring him through listening devices. Here they are in action, before they ask Oswald to vet the Tory candidates for Basingstoke over a period of decades:
It would be rather more accurate to say that the BUF had security service agents as members, as did all the major (and minor) political parties. Oswald Mosley was the British State in the way in which Gwynne and Dafydd were. My grandfather wasn’t which is why he fared rather worse than Mosley did. Max Mosley was treated unfairly by a hypocritical media with regard to Ugandan discussions but I haven’t yet heard that there was an attempt to entrap Max into serious crime by The Royal Solicitor after Maurice Macmillan had bankrupted him.
Oswald did a deal with the British Authorities that enabled him and his family to live successful, relatively aggro-free lives. Perhaps someone could let us know if that deal included trashing my grandfather, one person who had close knowledge of this crowd and who had refused to shut up about their wrongdoing.
Here’s the Official Version:
Beginning in 1934, the security services were increasingly worried that Mosley’s noted oratory skills would convince the public to provide financial support to the BUF, enabling it to challenge the political establishment. His agitation was officially tolerated until the events of the Battle of France in May 1940 made the Govt consider him too dangerous. Mosley, who at that time was focused on pleading for the British to accept Hitler’s peace offer of March, was detained on 23 May 1940, less than a fortnight after Winston Churchill became PM. Mosley was interrogated for 16 hours by Lord Birkett but never formally charged with a crime, and was instead interned under Defence Regulation 18B. The same fate met the other most active fascists in Britain, resulting in the BUF’s practical removal at an organized level from the UK’s political stage. Mosley’s wife, Diana, was also interned in June, shortly after the birth of their son (Max Mosley); the Mosleys lived together for most of the war in a house in the grounds of Holloway prison. The BUF was proscribed by the British Govt later that year.
Mosley used the time in confinement to read extensively in Classics, particularly regarding politics and war, with a focus upon key historical figures. He refused visits from most BUF members, but on 18 March 1943, Dudley and Norah Elam (who had been released by then) accompanied Unity Mitford to see her sister Diana. Mosley agreed to be present because he mistakenly believed that it was Lady Redesdale, Diana and Unity’s mother, who was accompanying Unity. The internment, particularly that of Lady Mosley, resulted in significant public debate in the press, although most of the public supported the Govt’s actions. Others demanded a trial, either in the hope it would end the detention or in the hope of a conviction.
In November 1943, Mandy’s grandfather Home Secretary Herbert Morrison ordered the release of the Mosleys. After a fierce debate in the House of Commons, Morrison’s action was upheld by a vote of 327–26. Mosley, who was suffering with phlebitis, spent the rest of the war confined under house arrest and police supervision. On his release from prison, Mosley first stayed with his sister-in-law Pamela Mitford, followed shortly by a stay at the Shaven Crown Hotel in Shipton-under-Wychwood. He then purchased Crux Easton House, near Newbury, with Diana. He and his wife remained the subject of much press attention. The war ended what remained of Mosley’s political reputation.
After the war, Mosley was contacted by his former supporters and persuaded to return to participation in politics. Mosley formed the Union Movement, which called for a single nation-state to cover the continent of Europe (known as Europe a Nation) and later attempted to launch a National Party of Europe to this end. The Union Movement’s meetings were often physically disrupted, as Mosley’s meetings had been before the war, and largely by the same opponents. This led to Mosley’s decision, in 1951, to leave Britain and live in Ireland. He later moved to Paris. Of his decision to leave, he said, “You don’t clear up a dungheap from underneath it.”
Shortly after the 1958 Notting Hill race riots, Mosley briefly returned to Britain to stand in the 1959 General Election at Kensington North. Mosley led his campaign stridently on an anti-immigration platform, calling for forced repatriation of Caribbean immigrants as well as a prohibition upon mixed marriages. Mosley’s final share of the vote was 7.6%.
In 1961, Mosley took part in a debate at University College London about Commonwealth immigration, seconded by a young David Irving. Mosley returned to politics one last time, contesting the 1966 General Election at Shoreditch and Finsbury, receiving 4.6% of the vote. After this, Mosley retired and moved back to France, where he wrote his autobiography, My Life (1968).
In 1977, by which time Mosley was suffering from Parkinson’s disease, he was nominated as a candidate for Rector of the University of Glasgow in which election he polled over 100 votes but finished bottom of the poll.
Mosley had three children with his first wife Lady Cynthia Curzon.
- Vivien Elisabeth Mosley (1921–2002); she married Desmond Francis Forbes Adam (1926–58) on 15 January 1949. Adam had been educated at Eton College and at King’s College, Cambridge. The couple had two daughters, Cynthia and Arabella, and a son, Rupert.
- Nicholas Mosley (1923–2017) (later 3rd Baron Ravensdale a title inherited from his mother’s family), and 7th Baronet of Ancoats; he was a successful novelist who wrote a biography of his father and edited his memoirs for publication.
- Michael Mosley (1932–2012), unmarried and without issue.
In 1924, Lady Cynthia Curzon joined the Labour Party, and was elected as the Labour MP for Stoke-on-Trent in 1929. She later joined Oswald’s New Party and lost the 1931 election in Stoke. She died in 1933 at 34 after an operation for peritonitis following acute appendicitis, in London.
Mosley had two children with his second wife Diana Mitford (1910–2003):
- (Oswald) Alexander Mosley (1938–2005); father of Louis Mosley (born 1983)
- Max Mosley (born 1940), who was president of the Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA) for 16 years
Oswald Mosley died on 3 December 1980 at Orsay outside Paris, France. His body was cremated in a ceremony held at the Père Lachaise Cemetery, and his ashes were scattered on the pond at Orsay. His son Alexander stated that they had received many messages of condolence but no abusive words. “All that was a very long time ago,” he said.
Mosley’s personal papers are held at the University of Birmingham’s Special Collections Archive.
The Australian-born suspect for the 2019 Christchurch mosque shootings cited Mosley in his manifesto “The Great Replacement” (named after Renaud Camus‘ far right theory of the same name). He named Mosley as “the person from history closest to my own beliefs” and stated that he “mostly agrees with Sir Oswald Mosley’s views and consider myself an Eco-fascist by nature”.
So not only did no-one ever meet Oswald Mosley and those who did bump into him in the Post Office never liked him anyway, but Gwynne never existed either. I never met him, as a rude aggressive Angel in the Peep Show told me and his name has been removed from all records of mine. Gwynne is referred to only as a ‘deceased doctor’ about whom I had told the most disgusting lies and that alone showed how Dangerous and Twisted I was.
Furthermore, the Middlesex Hospital, the grandiose institution that considered itself one of London’s finest, the domain of Queen Mary’s brother Alexander of Teck – Uncle of Mr Simpson’s husband the Duke of Windsor – disappeared by 1987 after a merger with UCH and was then physically demolished within a few years a la Fred West’s house at Cromwell Street. Even the Pretty Bits, which in Medical School Tradition would under normal circumstances have been dug up, transplanted and incorporated into another institution.
If Gwynne did not lobotomise JFK’s sister, I challenge Brenda and the MDU to name the Top Doc who did.
The Monster Of Glamis Castle with it’s Loyal Retainer Who Served Up The Children:
My friends and I gave up trying to calculate the cost of the Gang’s harassment of me with regard to unlawful imprisonments and hospitalisations, Courts cases, including those in the High Court, the cost of keeping me out of work for so many years etc. Now I understand that because of the identity of Gwynne’s customers, no cost would have ever been considered too high. Does a Royal Accountant anywhere have the figures, including those for closing the demolishing the Middlesex, transferring all staff to other institutions along with the bribes and funding streams that will have been needed to shut everyone up?
Readers with more time and resources than me might like to follow the career paths of the many who worked at the Middlesex until 1987 and note where they went, how high in medicine they ascended and who funded their work. I have only mentioned a few on this blog eg. Bodger’s wife Jocelyn Chamberlain and the HIV specialists. The entire institution was full of greedy corrupt criminals and they’ll have had a field day. After all, there was a Royal Family and an entire Cabinet blackmailed as well as a few International Leaders.
|The former Hollywood star who’s arrival as President baffled so many but entered office with a flourish thanks to the highly organised perfectly timed thrashing inflicted on his predecessor.|
I’ll remind readers here of a world famous Top Doc who was born in Harrow and knew Charles Evans as well as Gwynne who has starred in previous posts but in view of the focus in this post on such serious crime that, as a condition of the creation of the NHS, was allowed to continue, needs to be flagged up once more. Let’s take another look at the glorious career of the man who made history by running the sub-four minute mile, neurologist Roger Bannister.
Bannister in 2009
|Full name||Roger Gilbert Bannister|
|Born||(1929-03-23) 23 March 1929
|Died||3 March 2018(2018-03-03) (aged 88)
|Height||187 cm (6 ft 2 in)|
|Weight||70 kg (154 lb)|
|Sport||Athletics/Track, Middle-distance running|
|Event(s)||Mile, 800 metres, 1500 metres|
|Achievements and titles|
It was at the 1952 Olympics in Helsinki that Bannister set a British record in the 1500 metres and finished in fourth place. This achievement strengthened his resolve to become the first athlete to finish the mile run in under four minutes. GENERAL Lonsdale – Philip Noel-Baker
Bannister accomplished the sub-four minute mile on 6 May 1954 at Iffley Road track in Oxford, with Chris Chataway and Chris Brasher providing the pacing. When the announcer, Norris McWhirter, declared “The time was three…”, the cheers of the crowd drowned out Bannister’s exact time, which was 3 minutes and 59.4 seconds. He had attained this record with minimal training, while practising as a junior doctor. Bannister’s record lasted just 46 days.
Chataway – Brasher – McWhirter all very dodgy – Chataway – tory MP – the televised LSD expts – Gwynne and Dafydd – McWhirter – far right and of Giggles
Bannister went on to become a neurologist and Master of Pembroke College, Oxford, before retiring in 1993. As Master of Pembroke, DATES he was on the governing body of Abingdon School from 1986 to 1993. KATIE!! and that cancer researcher
Bannister was Patron of the MSA Trust. He was diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease in 2011.
Bannister was born on 23 March 1929 in Harrow. His parents Ralph and Alice were both from working class families in Lancashire. Ralph had moved to London at the age of 15 to work in the Civil Service and met Alice on a trip home. They married in 1925, and had a daughter Joyce before Roger was born.
The family moved to Bath shortly after the outbreak of World War II when Ralph was relocated there, and Roger continued his education at City of Bath Boys’ School. During a bombing raid on Bath the family house was severely damaged as the Bannisters sheltered in the basement.
In 1944 the family returned to London and Roger went to University College School. Bannister was accepted into St John’s College, Cambridge but the Senior Tutor Robert Howland, a former Olympic shot putter, suggested that Bannister wait a year.
Bannister’s training was a very modern individualised mixture of interval training influenced by coach Franz Stampfl with elements of block periodisation, fell running and anaerobic elements of training which were later perfected by Arthur Lydiard.
From 1951 to 1954, Bannister trained at the track at Paddington Recreation Ground in Maida Vale while he was a medical student at the nearby St Mary’s Hospital. ROYAL DOCS – DICKSON Wright- Pinker
On 2 May 1953, he made an attempt on the British record at Oxford. Paced by Chris Chataway, Bannister ran 4:03.6, shattering Wooderson’s 1945 standard. “This race made me realise that the four-minute mile was not out of reach,” said Bannister.
This historic event took place on 6 May 1954 during a meet between British AAA and Oxford University at Iffley Road Track in Oxford, watched by about 3,000 spectators. With winds of up to twenty-five miles per hour (40 km/h) before the event, Bannister had said twice that he preferred not to run, to conserve his energy and efforts to break the 4-minute barrier; he would try again at another meet. However, the winds dropped just before the race was scheduled to begin, and Bannister did run.
The pace-setters from his major 1953 attempts, future Commonwealth Games gold medallist Christopher Chataway from the 2 May attempt, and future Olympic Games gold medallist Chris Brasher from the 27 June attempt, combined to provide pacing for Bannister’s run. The race was broadcast live by BBC Radio and commentated by 1924 Olympic 100 metres champion Harold Abrahams, of Chariots of Fire fame.
Bannister had begun his day at a hospital in London, where he sharpened his racing spikes and rubbed graphite on them so they would not pick up too much cinder ash. He took a mid-morning train from Paddington Station to Oxford, nervous about the rainy, windy conditions that afternoon.
Being a dual-meet format, there were seven men entered in the mile: Alan Gordon, George Dole and Nigel Miller from Oxford University; and four British AAA runners: Bannister, his two pacemakers Brasher and Chataway, and Tom Hulatt. Nigel Miller arrived as a spectator and he only realised that he was due to run when he read the programme. Efforts to borrow a running kit failed and he could not take part, thus reducing the field to six.
The stadium announcer for the race was Norris McWhirter, who went on to co-publish and co-edit the Guinness Book of Records. He teased the crowd by delaying his announcement of Bannister’s race time for as long as possible:
Ladies and gentlemen, here is the result of event nine, the one mile: first, number forty one, R. G. Bannister, Amateur Athletic Association and formerly of Exeter and Merton Colleges, Oxford, with a time which is a new meeting and track record, and which—subject to ratification—will be a new English Native, British National, All-Comers, European, British Empire and World Record. The time was three…
The roar of the crowd drowned out the rest of the announcement. Bannister’s time was 3 minutes 59.4 seconds.
Just 46 days later, on 21 June 1954, Bannister’s record was broken by his rival Landy in Turku, Finland, with a time of 3 minutes 57.9 seconds, which the IAAF ratified as 3 minutes 58.0 seconds due to the rounding rules then in effect.
On 7 August, at the 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games in Vancouver, B.C., Bannister, running for England, competed against Landy for the first time in a race billed as “The Miracle Mile”. They were the only two men in the world to have broken the 4-minute barrier, with Landy still holding the world record.
A larger-than-life bronze sculpture of the two men at this moment was created by Vancouver sculptor Jack Harman in 1967 from a photograph by Vancouver Sun photographer Charlie Warner and stood for many years at the entrance to Empire Stadium; after the stadium was demolished the sculpture was moved a short distance away to the Hastings and Renfrew entrance of the Pacific National Exhibition (PNE) fairgrounds.
Bannister went on that season to win the so-called metric mile, the 1500 m, at the European Championships in Bern, Switzerland, on 29 August, with a championship record in a time of 3 min 43.8 s. He retired from athletics late in 1954 to concentrate on his work as a junior doctor and to pursue a career in neurology He was awarded a CBE the following year for “services to amateur athletics”.
Bannister later became the first Chairman of the Sports Council (now called Sport England) and was knighted for this service in 1975. Under his patronage, central and local government funding of sports centres and other sports facilities was rapidly increased, and he also initiated the first testing for use of anabolic steroids in sport.
After retiring from athletics in 1954, Bannister spent the next forty years practising medicine in the field of neurology. In March 1957, he joined the Royal Army Medical Corps at Crookham, where he started his two years of National Service,
His major contribution to academic medicine was in the field of autonomic failure, an area of neurology focusing on illnesses characterised by the loss of certain automatic responses of the nervous system (for example, elevated heart rate when standing up). His publications were mostly concerned with the autonomic nervous system, cardiovascular physiology, and multiple system atrophy. He edited Autonomic Failure: A Textbook of Clinical Disorders of the Autonomic Nervous System with C.J. Mathias, a colleague at St Mary’s, as well as five editions of Brain and Bannister’s Clinical Neurology.
mathias – lord brain – here
In 1955, Bannister married the Swedish artist Moyra Elver Jacobsson in Basel, Switzerland. Moyra Jacobsson-Bannister was the daughter of the Swedish economist Per Jacobsson, who served as managing director of the International Monetary Fund.
They had four children: Carol E. E. Bannister (b. 1957); Clive C. R. Bannister (b. 1959), an insurance industry executive; Thurstan R. R. Bannister (b. July 1960), a company director in New York; and Charlotte B. M. Bannister (b. 1963), now Reverend Charlotte Bannister-Parker, associate priest at the University Church of St Mary the Virgin in Oxford.
In 2011, Bannister was diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease. He died on 3 March 2018 at the age of 88 in Oxford.
For his efforts, Bannister was also made the inaugural recipient of the Sports Illustrated Sportsperson of the Year award for 1954 (awarded in January 1955) and is one of the few non-Americans recognised by the American-published magazine as such.
Bannister: Everest on the Track, The Roger Bannister Story is a 2016 TV documentary about his childhood and youth in WW II and post-war Britain and the breaking of the 4-minute mile barrier, with interviews of participants and witnesses to the 1954 race, and later runners inspired by Bannister and his achievement, including Phil Knight who says that Roger Bannister inspired him to start Nike.
In the 1988 television mini-series The Four Minute Mile, about the rivalry between Bannister, John Landy and Wes Santee to be first to break the 4-minute mile mark, Bannister was portrayed by actor Richard Huw.
In March 2004, St Mary’s Hospital Medical School named a lecture theatre after Bannister; on display is the stopwatch that was used to time the race, stopped at 3:59. Bannister also gave his name to the trophy presented to the winning team in the annual athletics varsity match between Imperial College School of Medicine and Imperial College London, as well as the award given to the graduating doctor of Imperial College School of Medicine who has achieved most in the sporting community. Bannister also purchased the cup (which bears his name) awarded to the winning team in the annual United Hospitals Cross-Country Championship, organised by London Universities and Colleges Athletics. The championship is contested by the five medical schools in London and the Royal Veterinary College.
In 2012, Bannister carried the Olympic flame at the site of his memorable feat, in the Oxford University track stadium now named after him.
The 50th anniversary of Bannister’s achievement was marked by a commemorative British 50-pence coin. The reverse of the coin shows the legs of a runner and a stopwatch (stopped at 3:59.4).
Bannister received many honours for his achievements in sports and medicine. He was knighted in the 1975 New Year Honours and appointed Member of the Order of the Companions of Honour (CH) in the 2017 New Year Honours for services to sport.
Bannister was an Honorary Fellow of both Exeter College and Merton College, where he studied at the University of Oxford; he was also Honorary Fellow of Harris Manchester College, Oxford. He received honorary degrees (Doctor of Science) from the University of Sheffield in 1978, and from the University of Bath in 1984. He also received honorary degrees from the University of Pavia in 1986 and from Brunel University London in 2008 (DUniv), as well as an honorary doctorate from Oxford Brookes University in 2014. In 2000, Bannister received the Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement.