The Case Of The King’s Sperm

I have been researching the background of the Top Doctor at St George’s Hospital who treated Norman Scott and who undoubtedly knew what Jeremy Thorpe was up to (see post ‘My How Things Haven’t Changed’) and even I am gobsmacked by some of what I have discovered. The Top Doctor concerned was Dr Brian O’Connell and he certainly had some interesting practices and even more interesting colleagues.

Brian O’Connell was Irish but after graduating took up a post as a psychiatrist in Scotland. He then worked for two years at St George’s under Professor Desmond Curran.

Desmond Curran became the first Professor of Psychiatry at St George’s in 1961 and was the person who built up the academic dept of psychiatry there, in which he ‘served’ for three decades. So we have him to thank for that nest of vipers who colluded with Dafydd and the paedophile gang in the early 1990s and who oversaw a number of murders on their own glorious patch at Springfield Hospital during the following years.

Curran was born in Devon and trained at St George’s. He joined the Royal Navy in 1939 as a medic. Which is really interesting because Curran was of a similar vintage to Gwynne the lobotomist – who also served as a medic in the Royal Navy after qualifying in medicine in London. Bear with me – there are more reasons why they could have known each other…

One of Curran’s interests was ‘sexual deviation’, so I can imagine the fun that Curran and his colleagues would have had with patients like Norman Scott who had been sexually exploited by well-connected older men in politics who were denying it and declaring their victims mad. Curran was a member of the Wolfenden Commission on homosexuality – as were a number of Jeremy’s mates such as Lord Boothby. Curran was also an advisor in psychiatry to the Foreign Office and the Home Office – the Home Office that ran the approved schools like Bryn Estyn which were rife with the sexual abuse of boys.

Curran was President of the Royal Medico-Psychological Association (the forerunner to the Royal College of Psychiatrists) 1963-64.

Curran’s biography can be found online in the ‘Lives of the Fellows’ section of the Royal College of Physicians website. It is of course a glowing tribute to him and the hotbed of corruption that he established at St George’s:

‘St George’s became pre-eminent…for it’s department of psychiatry. It’s national and international renown increased steadily during the three decades in which Desmond served it’

Er, OK…

I have found some very interesting letters that Desmond Curran wrote stored in the Wellcome Library in the Eugenics Society Archive. There is a collection of letters there written by Curran from his Wimpole Street address. One letter dated 8 May 1939 concerns a patient who is engaged – she wishes her fiance to undergo sterilisation as she does not consider him suitable to breed as a result of some of his relatives having conditions such as epilepsy or ‘psychosis’. She is requesting Curran’s help – whether her fiancé actually knows that she has approached Curran regarding this matter is unclear, it is simply mentioned that the young man is currently in South Africa. It is not impossible that the young man himself knows nothing of this plan, because Curran is involved in some almost unbelievable plans with certain patients.

One letter from Curran is dated 11 March 1938 and is addressed to a Dr C.P. Blacker at 28 Weymouth Street. It concerns a patient whom Curran describes as ‘a Jewess’ who is caring for ‘an elderly whining Jewish mother’. The patient is married to a man who is unfaithful and who contracted gonorrhoea. Curran writes that the gonorrhoea has been treated but ‘his seed is not active’. Curran explains to Dr Blacker that Elliot Slater had suggested ‘artificial impregnation’. Curran writes ‘if the King was not willing to provide active seed, she could possibly get some from a distinguished scientist or author or whatever quality she wanted’.

Yes, Curran seems to believe that there is a possibility that the FUCKING KING might be willing to donate sperm to a well-to-do patient of Curran’s whom he seems to be helping acquire elite sperm. Before I receive e mails demanding that I be thrown into the Tower for making this up, go online to the Wellcome Library, go to the archives of the Eugenics Society and see those letters for yourselves – there are photographs of them. It is there in black and white, there is no doubt about what is written, it is crystal clear – Curran was going to approach the King to see if he would be willing to donate sperm. That would have been George VI, the present Queen’s father. This really puts Charles, Diana and Camilla into perspective…

Did the King offer this sort of service regularly? It couldn’t have been completely unthinkable or Eliot Slater would never have suggested it. Hadn’t anyone thought about the ramifications? For a start the Royal Family are obsessed with breeding, blood line, hereditary principles etc – the King as sperm donor, it would cause havoc. Any potential baby might be in a position to claim to be the heir to the throne. Are we sure that HM the Queen is the right one sitting on the throne with this sort of thing going on?

So who were the other Top Doctors involved in Curran’s plan, Dr Blacker and Eliot Slater?

Blacker was Carlos Panton Blacker – war hero, psychiatrist and eugenicist. Blacker qualified in 1925, worked at Guy’s psychiatry dept for three years, then worked at the Maudsley. Between 1931-52 Blacker was the Secretary of the Eugenics Society. Blacker was pushing for the Society to promote contraception to ‘reduce the fecundity of the lower, less-able classes’. The flip side of this presumably was helping the better classes gain access to the sperm of the King or if the barrel has to be scraped, donations from distinguished scientists or authors.

Eliot Slater was a pioneer in the field of the ‘genetics of mental disorders’. He held senior posts at the National Hospital for Nervous Diseases and the Institute of Psychiatry which was then at the Maudsley. Slater co-edited ‘Clinical Psychiatry’, a leading textbook for psychiatry trainees.

Slater read Natural Sciences at Cambridge and got a third class degree. He then trained as a doctor at St George’s, qualifying in 1928. In 1931 he became a medical officer at the Maudsley. In 1934 he received a travelling fellowship from the Rockerfeller Foundation, which he used to study psychiatric genetics under Bruno Schulz at Forschungsanstalf fur Psychiatrie in Munich. He visited that institution again in 1937.

Bruno Schulz supported the Nazi regime’s early racial hygiene measures and forced sterilisation. In 1934 he published in a journal edited by senior Nazis such as Heinrich Himmler. The Director of the Genetics Dept was Ernst Rudin, the architect of Hitler’s eugenic sterilization policies which were implicated in Action T4.

Whilst he was at the Munich institution, Slater met Lydia Pasternak, sister of the poet Boris, who returned with him to the Maudsley – they later married.

Although Slater later distanced himself from and denounced the Nazi’s ‘unspeakable men’ and their ‘detestable ideology’, after doing this he gained Rudin’s support for two lengthy articles in a German journal and contributed to an academic celebration in Munich in 1939 for Rudin’s 65th birthday, contributing to the festschrift that was published in his honour. Slater also frequently quoted the work of the Munich contingent.

In 1939 the Maudsley was evacuated and Slater became Clinical Director of Sutton Emergency Hospital, where he was responsible for 20,000 psychiatric casualties.

In 1944 Slater co-authored ‘An Introduction To Physical Methods Of Treatment In Psychiatry’ with the appalling William Sargant, Dr David Owen’s old mentor (see post ‘Dr Death’ for details of Sargant, his butchery and the lives that he ruined).

In 1959 Slater helped establish the MRC Psychiatric Genetics Unit at the Maudsley Medical School/Institute of Psychiatry – he directed this until 1969.

Slater was famous for advocating the monogenetic theory of schizophrenia, ie. the notion that schizophrenia is caused by a single partially dominant gene.

Slater edited the British Journal of Psychiatry 1961-72.

He was an enthusiastic proponent of lobotomy even into the 70s – I told you there were Gwynne links. Slater will still have been involved with the Maudsley when Dafydd ‘trained’ there. Slater remained a close associate of William Sargant and like Sargant clung onto discredited dangerous treatments such as insulin shock therapy long after most rational people had left them behind.

After his retirement Slater was a campaigner for euthanasia and a member of the Euthanasia Society.

Slater died in 1983 – one of his four children became a psychiatrist.

Kings College London now has the Institute of Psychiatry under it’s umbrella and it continues to honour the memory of Eliot Slater – it has offered an ‘Eliot Slater Prize In Psychiatry’ since 1983.

Lest readers dismiss the excesses of Curran (who died in 1985), Blacker and Slater as irrelevant bits of an unsavoury past, I will argue that they are not. These men – and men like them such as Sargant – trained psychiatrists who are the ‘towering figures’ in today’s profession, the people who are training present day psychiatrists. It is psychiatry’s desperate desire to keep their madnesses, their inhumanity and indeed their frank abuses under wraps that leads everyone to cover-up for Dafydd and his ilk. Because of the way that medicine works, these doctors are not ‘in the past’. Norman Scott is still alive – despite the best efforts of Jeremy Thorpe – and he will be living with the stupidities of Desmond Curran, the man who sought to procure the King’s sperm, because it was Curran who supervised and mentored the man who treated Norman. Of course as the psychiatric establishment will be quick to point out, Curran’s legacy is also the glorious dept of psychiatry of St Georges. A dept that has obviously been concealing serious wrongdoing in high places for decades – whose staff advise Gov’ts and give ‘expert’ evidence in murder trials…

Desmond Curran co-authored with a man called Martin Roth in the 70s. Martin Roth became Professor Sir Martin Roth, leading figure in psychiatry and President of the Royal College of Psychiatrists 1971-75.

And so it goes on, one crazed generation bequeathing their insanity and cruelty to patients to the following generation…

So what became of Brian O’Connell, Curran’s protégé, who treated Norman?

After his two years at St George’s under Curran, although O’Connell remained associated with St George’s for the next twenty years, he moved to work at the Maudsley. He was Consultant Psychiatrist at the Maudsley 1961-67 and whilst he was there he was seconded to Broadmoor. He got on so well with Jimmy Savile’s mate Pat McGrath, the Top Doctor at Broadmoor (please see additional comments in response to post ‘Wheels Within Wheels Or Flies Drawn To The Same Incestuously Corrupt Shithouse?’), that Pat’s son the novelist Patrick McGrath dedicated his novel ‘Asylum’ to O’Connell. O’Connell then landed a World Health Organisation Fellowship and went to the US, where he toured institutions for the criminally insane no less in 1960-61.

In 1968 O’Connell founded and became the Medical Director of the Northgate Clinic, Edgware, North London, an ‘unconventional holistic and extremely successful centre with teenagers mental health problems’ – now I wonder what that translates as… We will see shortly.

O’Connell didn’t make friends with other Top Doctors, he hung out with people from the literary scene, journos, artists and folk from the world of theatre. O’Connell married Finnuala O’Shannon, an actress and the sister of a broadcaster. After he was widowed in 1992, O’Connell got back together with a former girlfriend, a high profile US journo, Ann Geracimes.

So there’s a few reasons why the wider world never got to hear all about Jeremy Thorpe.

O’Connell was also keen on poker and getting pissed.

He was also a consultant to the Stamford House Remand Centre for Adolescents. This was a Council care institution. In Lords Hansard Feb 1961, there is a question and answer session concerning the very high rate of kids ‘absconding’ from Stamford House. There were many ‘absconders’ from the children’s homes in north Wales – the kids kept running away because they were being beaten and raped.

The National Archives record that in 1963 there was a ‘complaint about indecency by staff’ at Stamford House. I cannot access further details because the file is closed until 2057.

O’Connell sat on Mental Health Review Tribunals. Of course he did.

According to the BMJ’s obituary of him, O’Connell’s life and career was a roaring success from the day that he was born.

O’ Connell’s Guardian obituary stated that he ‘concentrated on boys in trouble with the law’ – just like Dafydd and the Paedophiles’ Friends did – although the Northgate Clinic soon opened it’s doors to girls as well. That always helps, you never know what Girls In Trouble might know about who.

The Guardian noted that O’Connell ‘could be caustic in his putdowns of the pretentious, the promiscuous and the wilful’. So he’s going to be just great with young people who’ve been sexually abused and passed around then isn’t he. It was also noticed that O’Connell could give a ‘flinty glare’. Yeh, that always helps when you want to make a suicidal teenager feel even worse about themselves.

Not that O’ Connell always conducted himself too well. It was remembered that ‘as a young man aerated by champagne….he shinned up the narrow pillar in the middle of a Soho fish restaurant to bombard his feasting friends with soft bread rolls’. A Bullingdon Boy! Furthermore when O’Connell was young, Soho had not yet been cleaned up – so O’Connell was probably hanging out with some very seedy company when he got pissed and conducted a food fight. If I know anything about Top Doctors’ anecdotes in obituaries, that story will have been highly sanitised. I imagine that O’Connell actually did something pretty gross whilst ‘aerated by champagne’. One wonders what he did when he was pissed as an older Top Doctor whom people would be afraid to challenge.

The Guardian also mentioned that although O’Connell was the most articulate cultured man on the planet he preferred to call things ‘shite’. As I do – particularly the practices of Top Doctors like O’Connell.

O’Connell died not long ago but as is the tendency with Top Doctors, his glorious work continues. In Oct 2009 the Guardian ran an article about the Northgate Clinic, now a residential therapeutic unit run by Barnet, Enfield and Haringey Mental Health Trust. Kids with ‘serious’ mental health problems who are ‘not safe’ to be cared for in the community live there during the week but return to ‘stable homes’ at the weekend – it is mentioned in passing that the ‘stable home’ at the weekend for many is a children’s home or foster care.

The Guardian explains that no-one is sectioned at the Northgate, everyone signs a contract. Yes that’s a very popular con these days, it was pioneered by St George’s and Springfield. What it involves is ordering the patient to sign a contract stating that if they display whichever problem has deemed them to be in need of care, they will be discharged with no further care. It’s really great – Springfield discharged clinically depressed people for trying to commit suicide and patients with anorexia for refusing to eat. The outcomes are grim but the deaths don’t happen on the hospital premises so it’s not a problem and the mental health facility concerned boasts an excellent recovery rate. It also means that the Northgate can pretend that they provide a liberal non-oppressive environment in interviews with Guardian journos.

The Guardian mentioned that a bed at the Northgate Clinic costs £598/day (that was at 2009 prices), so some NHS organisations are ‘hesitant’ to send patients there. I bet they are – particularly as the Northgate just ensures that anybody with real problems is kicked out for breaking their ‘contract’. The Northgate was probably finding itself rather short of customers which might have been why they were given a free plug in the Guardian by a tame journo. It’ll have been the fault of the Tory cuts. Those Tory cuts under the New Labour Gov’t in 2009. That and the Angels not being paid enough and thus having to root around in skips and food banks for their dinner.

 

Author: Sally Baker

I am a writer and a sociologist, originally from Somerset, but I've been based in Wales for most of my life. I had my first encounter with a mental health professional in 1984 at the age of 21. My GP described this man to my then partner - who also became a sociologist - as someone who had experienced 'considerable success'. My meeting with this psychiatrist was a disaster and we attempted to complain about his insensitivity and highly inappropriate behaviour. That was the first time we were threatened and pressurised to withdraw a complaint against a mental health professional. This man is long dead - he was a retired psychiatrist from the North Wales Hospital Denbigh, T. Gwynne Williams, who was working shifts in the student health centre at University College of North Wales (now Bangor University). We discovered years later that this 'successful man' was notorious - he had been an enthusiastic lobotomist...

7 thoughts on “The Case Of The King’s Sperm”

  1. It really is vile heartsink stuff Sally – so many predatory men in psychiatry and politics – they love power and their background encourages them to think they are so elite they can do anything and get away with it – the well connected don’t snitch. Have you fathomed what is in their characters though apart from that as all of them aren’t the same corrupt disgusting individuals.
    I was going to stop posting as I thought you have enough on your plate already and maybe need a break from the ugliness..but ..as you say it never ends so – Have you heard of Richard Webster’s book ‘The secret of Bryn Estyn – the making of a modern witchhunt pub 2005. He died in 2011 so would maybe think of revising his opinion that those who were abused were mostly liars after compensation. He had close connections to False Memory Society – who by the way are still obsessed with Satanic Abuse Talk being held on Sept 17th. Am not claiming that this never happens nor that therapists haven’t caused harm by encouraging false claims of abuse but here it goes again – three young women with learning difficulties from a care home in Cardiff reported that Kris Wade has sexually assaulted them at the place where he was working as a nursing assistant – not sure if he was qualified – they were dismissed as ‘unbelievable’ not sure who did the dismissing. No clients or staff were interviewed by inspectors. Few years late Kris Wade murdered a woman who lived next door in a sexually motivated attack. Her son has publicly criticized Swansea Health Board who could have prevented that murder by proper action years ago. So far so not shocking – people with learning difficulties get abused every day in every way…but to add another bit which sadly won’t shock either – Kris Wade’s father was the Boards Mental Health and Learning Disabilities clinical service director – has now retired no doubt on a nice pension which would allow him to move to another part of the country – hopefully another planet. Not sure why the women were shunted into Cardiff by Swansea H B but that happens all the time. Welsh Assembly calling for investigations as if they haven’t known all along. One client is suing – she has been promised a quick resolution so that’s ok then. How many people as well as the father must have known for years but all are still in post except Wade’s father who may turn up elsewhere in the system one day doing great work for the vulnerable

    1. Yes I know about the Kris Wade case and Websters Book ‘The secret of Bryn Estyn’.

      Regarding men in psychiatry abusing their positions – it is rife but don’t slip into an over-simplistic gender analysis. Their female colleagues are often just as abusive but in a different way. Furthermore the female colleagues play a very important role as accessories to the crime. The presence of a female nurse, social worker or doctor suggests that of course abuse is not happening, because we all know that women in those positions would never be involved with abuse. The female staff are also required to state that they are ‘frightened’ of patients – if a middle aged male doctor claimed to be frightened of a young female patient the world would probably fall around laughing, so you get a female nurse to say this, just to stress how terrifying and dangerous the complaining patient is. If people don’t take enough notice, you get the female nurse to say that the patient is a danger to their young children, just like Bridget Lloyd maintained that I was.

      This model has been in use for decades. It was of course well-portrayed in One Flew Over The Cuckoo’s Nest – Janice Davies in Bryn Golau ward in Denbigh was pretty much indistinguishable from Nurse Rached, Davies just had more lipstick and dyed her hair menopause-red. The role of Matron in the 50s was to be the Woman who ensured that nothing untoward was going on – she kept the nurses and housemen in order. Yes, she also colluded with the Top Doctors to conceal unimaginable wrongdoing. If you look at the names of women in the historical documents relating to the abuse of children in north Wales, they are nurses and social workers who were promoted to senior positions – Lucille Hughes, Irene Train etc. These women were monsters, they knew exactly what was happening which was how they reached the higher echelons. Noreen Edwards, the Chair of Gwynedd Health Authority whilst it was bankrupted and killed patients was a nurse. Grace Lewis-Parry at the Betsi Board is a nurse. St David’s Hospital in Bangor used to employ a monstrous senior nurse to ‘talk to’ mothers whose babies had died or been damaged during the birth – it was openly acknowledged that her role was to intimidate vulnerable women in order to blow complaints out of the water.

      Many of these women achieved promotion by having sex with Top Doctors – that’s not a gender-slur, it was the model of practice. It was tacitly encouraged by the idea in the 50s and 60s that girls who went into nursing could bag a nice young doctor as a husband. The nurses who weren’t part of this scene were very frank about how corrupting and damaging it was. A nurse who trained in the 70s told me that the London hospitals were ‘marriage bureaus’. The relics of this were still in place when I worked at St Georges in the early 90s, although the system had been disrupted by the presence of female doctors/medical students in high numbers. I remember a party where a notice saying ‘no nurses’ was pinned on the door. I asked why (I’d only just started to work at St Georges) and I was told that the trouble with parties in the hospital was that ‘lots of slaggy nurses’ who wanted to bag a doctor would turn up. There was a senior registrar at St Georges who had a stuck up bitch of a wife who refused to speak to junior doctors at social occasions. When I asked what her problem was, I was told that she was ‘a thick Barts nurse’ who married a doctor. How did the junior doctors and others get their revenge on the thick Barts nurse who wouldn’t speak to them? They accessed her gynaecological medical records and roared with laughter at a sensitive problem that she had. Relationships were dysfunctional and toxic in every way. If you tried to rise above it and not partake of it all, you were rapidly identified as some sort of treacherous threat.

      I was given a bollocking by my boss for ‘not joining in with Wine Club’ and ‘sitting in the tea room at lunchtimes with my nose in the Independent’. I was indeed doing both of these things. I attended Wine Club on two occasions and what I witnessed were hypocrites quaffing wine with and toadying to Top Doctors whom they loathed, so I didn’t go again. I also rarely drink which is a bit of a problem when one is in a Wine Club. I did used to read the Indie at lunch times. I did that because the virtually sole topics of conversation in the tea room was who was shagging who, how everybody hated everybody else and which Top Doctor had fucked up big time and the ways in which he/she was going to be protected by the medical school authorities. It was certainly interesting but it wasn’t very constructive and it produced a poisonous atmosphere. I didn’t overtly challenge the scum bags doing this because I am of the opinion that if I am paid to do a job, part of that job is to get on well with colleagues and not spend my working hours having stand up rows with them or gossiping about their sexual partners. So I read the Indie. It was noticed that I didn’t participate in the dominant activities…

      Not everybody carried on like this at St Georges, there were some very nice people – but they were in the minority. The institution was dominated by the vindictive nutters and those who colluded with them.

      Regarding Richard Webster’s ‘Secret of Bryn Estyn’ book – he wrote this as a vehicle to trash Alison Taylor, the social worker who blew the whistle on the paedophile ring, and to support Lucille Hughes, Dafydd’s mistress and the toxic cow who knew what was going on and facilitated it. In the wake of what has become public since Webster wrote the book, it’s a mine of info – he names many of the criminals in there although he pretends that they are innocents being smeared. I’d be interested to know why he ever wrote that book and why he was so interested in north Wales – he wasn’t from the area himself, didn’t seem to have any connections there and his CV would not suggest that he’d have sufficient interest to write a tome about Bryn Estyn. Who financed the project? Who in the publishing house gave the go ahead for the book? And who is currently funding and maintaining Richard Websters website – he’s been dead quite a few years now, but that website is still in operation with all it’s sleights against Alison…

      You are welcome to continue posting Lydia, I am busy with research for the blog but it’s been my main occupation for the last 6 months or so, I’m quite happy to respond to comments.

      1. Just to say no worries Sally am definitely not blind to the number of females who are just as abusive – have named some of them here but was responding to the mainly men included in yr latest sperm blog. Just one example at UCL the nurses unothing happened. The FMS MAY be promoting R Webster’s site. Agree there are some really decent people in medicine but it is tarnished by such as those you mention and others who will never be exposed.

        1. I think that the reason so many of the truly awful people named in my Kings Sperm post were men was a result of gender roles at that time. We’re talking about upper middle class people born in the first half the twentieth century – women were still rare in medicine. Women did of course exert influence but in different domains and through their husbands and families – the crazed male psychiatrists that I mentioned will have been married to women who may well have been involved in ‘Good Works’ or local politics and have sat as Magistrates. They will all have been colluding with their husbands abuses and keeping up the front.

          The unhinged sadistic men featured will definitely have been behaving in a very gendered way – their writing shows that they certainly weren’t taking on any of the dominant stereotypes of the age – but whenever people grumble about the behaviour of men in abusive organisations I tend to make the point that if women are around, they’ll be contributing to the problems. The priority of everyone is to suppress complaint and dissent.

          I was acutely aware that the behaviour of Gwynne the lobotomist and of Dafydd towards me was disgusting in the good old male sexual harassment way – they might have been the ones with questionable designs on young female patients, but not one women in the system backed me or any of the other patients up. And of course male patients were suffering at the hands of Dafydd and Gwynne as well but in a different way. But yeah, I couldn’t understand why Dafydd or Gwynne would really ever think that I’d be ‘interested’ in either of them! And I’m damn sure that every nurse who maintained that they had not put a foot wrong would have known damn well that a 21 yr old student was not going to be too happy with the approaches of a 70 yr old man, particularly one as revolting as Gwynne. But it was all me – I was nuts, over-sensitive, paranoid, ‘had a problem with men’ and when I would not shut up ‘dangerous’. If only I’d known at the time that they were running a paedophile ring into the bargain…

  2. Good piece. I think Roth shut down whatever it was Clark and Beresford Davies were up to at Fulbourne. As you know Royal Medico colleagues included Sargent Milner (Aston Hall) and Howells (Ipswich Family Psychiatric Centre). This eugenics stuff is ringing a bell. Something to do with Essex quaker country and an art gallery IIRC. Let me see if memory jogs.

    This is a thought and memory provoking piece thanks Sally. I will put linkie to this post on an Aston Hall survivor’s FB page as he has some Royal Medico records.

    1. During my reading I came across a few of the names that you mentioned in your earlier comments Richard. It is very interesting, a profession led by madmen from families in high society doing the most dreadful things which people are now trying to airbrush out of history. A profession based on truly terrible foundations and not so long ago either. Places like Oxbridge and St Tommy’s are stuffed with the descendants of these dangerous idiots. I’d love to blog much more about the ‘fathers of psychiatry’ but it would probably provide too much of a distraction to my main themes in this blog. I am however going to put aside a bit of time for more research into documents such as those gems about the King’s sperm and the field generally. I might publish a bit about it one day – people are reluctant to do this because it’s not a very good advert for the mental health services which we are led to believe are cuddly and fluffy, rather than being based on the ideology of the Nazis.

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