My post ‘International Finance, With Grateful Thanks To Gwynne’ discussed the career of Lord Patrick Blackett, mathematician, experimental physicist and Nobel Prize winner who had a second home at Croesor and made up part of the Welsh Bloomsbury Set there, with other friends of Sir Clough Williams-Ellis and Bertrand Russell. I have no idea whether Blackett was using the services provided by Gwynne and Dafydd or was involved in organised abuse and the associated criminality in any way, but he was friendly with people who were. Patrick Blackett will have known about some of it at least; even if he had not been particularly interested in what the Gang called their ‘private lives’ or had done his best to keep his head firmly in the sand, the Gang were so extreme that he could not have not noticed their activities.
Patrick Blackett’s presence at Croesor explains how Dafydd, after being thrown out of one university chemistry course, managed to secure a job at Windscale as an ‘atomic scientist’, uncover wrongdoing there that was being concealed at Gov’t level because of the ramifications for British-US nuclear defence policy and then bag a place to study medicine at Liverpool University and a source of funding to sustain himself. I haven’t yet worked out who blackmailed who over what specifically, but that undoubtedly explains Dafydd’s early career and indeed probably his entire career of serious organised crime supported at the highest level of every Gov’t since Dafydd qualified as a Top Doc in 1957.
Patrick Blackett didn’t only have the status of being a Nobel Prize winner working in a field which seriously impresses people, but he was a Gov’t adviser on the most sensitive areas of defence policy and worked for the security services, as did all of his colleagues and most of his friends. Gwynne and Dafydd were undoubtedly protected by the security services and they were also happy to expend resources, energy and time blowing I and other witnesses out of the water and even into prison or the grave.
The involvement of the security services explains things like the high quality of the forged letter purporting to be from me that was found in the possession of the GMC (see post ‘The General Medical Council and Yet Another Forged Document’) or the telephone call that someone I knew swore blind that they received from Brown telling them that I had tried to kill myself when Brown had definitely not made any such call and I hadn’t tried to kill myself anyway. The phone call seems to have been some sort of mock up of recordings of Brown spliced together; it was made to someone in Somerset who’s phone number and address I had never given anyone and when my lawyer finally obtained my medical records, there was a reference to the call on there. St George’s Hospital Medical School knew something about it. The involvement of the security services also explained the accessing of masses of personal data about me and my friends and relatives, people being befriended by undercover officers, attempts at manipulation spanning the whole spectrum from utter fuckwittery to competent, the use of hidden cameras in NHS hospitals to film and record patients without their knowledge, the footage of which was used for porn and of course the unchallenged lies from beginning to end that were told in the wake of the deaths of witnesses/targets of the Gang.
My post ‘Inside Information About A Hergest Unit Death’ discusses the death of a patient at Ysbyty Gwynedd who’s parents refused to agree to a Top Doc’s request to send her to the North Wales Hospital Denbigh. The Top Doc (Sadie Francis), junior doc (Colin Flood) and Angel (Jackie Ehlen) who gave evidence at the inquest all lied; all three of the accounts of events preceding the young woman’s death clashed re basic facts concerned with medication that had or had not been given to the young woman. Furthermore, the results of the toxicology tests on the patient’s body didn’t correlate with anything that any of them said.
I had further information that was never presented at the inquest; I knew that the Senior Angel who found the body, Jeff Crowther, wasn’t called to give evidence or was even mentioned at the inquest. I also knew that a series of wholly inappropriate personal visits by senior managers from Gwynedd Health Authority as well as Sadie Francis were made to the dead girl’s parents which left them so distressed and confused that they were unable to ask the questions that needed to be asked. And of course the security services knew that I knew about all this because they had me under surveillance. The one thing that they did not do was stop any of it.
Perhaps we ought to replace MI5 with a little pink pussy cat, it will do a better job.
Blackett had many close friends in academia and Gov’t. His daughter was married to a surgeon who worked in Manchester and his sister was the psychoanalyst Marion Milner who was of the mad analysts who tied themselves up in knots to excuse the serious criminality with which that Gang were involved.
Previous posts have discussed the Top Docs and other professionals/academics/politicians in Manchester who were colluding with Gwynne and Dafydd to varying degrees. See eg. posts ‘The Science Of Animal Behaviour’, ‘The Logic Of Medicine’ and ‘International Finance, With Thanks To Gwynne’. Although Blackett died on 13 July 1974, his mates outlived him and carried on the good work…
Patrick Blackett was a socialist and although he seems to have been more radical as a young man, by the time that Harold Wilson was elected as PM in 1964 Blackett was part of the Labour Party establishment and acted as an adviser to Wilson. As with Dafydd and Gwynne, Blackett must have known the extent of the duplicity if not downright criminality on the part of many people in Wilson’s administrations. Which did of course involve Wilson structing his entire Gov’t to conceal Gwynne and Dafydd and the wider Westminster Paedophile Ring.
Wilson was in an excellent position to conceal/facilitate/utilise organised abuse and the Westminster Paedophile Ring with so one of the engines in Wales, because Wilson had studied at Jesus College, Oxford, a ‘Welsh’ college which educated a great many of the corrupt professional people who supported the Gang. Wilson had married Mary, the daughter of a Congregationalist Minister; Nonconformity in north Wales had been entirely colonised by the Gang and of course George Thomas, a key Labour Party Parliamentary molester from Wales was for years the most famous Methodist in Britain. Methodism is of course international and Methodist missionaries were involved with the Gang. See eg. posts ‘There’s Methodism In This Madness’ and ‘Come, Friendly Bombs’. Harold Wilson came from Yorkshire, the centre of a big ring with connections to the Gang in Wales and he represented a constituency in Lancashire that was also part of the Gang’s network.
Liverpool being the centre of the pop explosion in the 1960s really was good news for Gwynne, Dafydd and the Gang. Liverpool used to be known as the capital of north Wales and many professional people in north Wales were educated in Liverpool. Liverpool had a community of Liverpool Welsh, complete with Welsh chapels and north Wales produced a lot of teachers who went to Liverpool to work. For years the rudimentary trafficking business run by Gwynne before Dafydd stoked the fire was run in partnership with Liverpool and then a collection of celebs from Liverpool became very famous, very rich and international.
Things got off to a flying start when Wilson was elected PM and appointed Sir Kenneth Robinson, a mate of Dafydd and Gwynne’s, as his first Minister of Health in Oct 1964. Robinson was the Labour MP for St Pancras North, 1949-70 and had served as a St Pancras Borough Councillor, 1945-49. St Pancras was the part of Camden where those forced into sex work or sexually exploited by polite society in Hampstead (some of whom were part of the Welsh Bloomsbury Set eg. Eric Hobsbawm) lived in substandard housing.
Hampstead had a good supply of people from across the political spectrum who concealed organised abuse in their capacity as professionals, academics, MPs, Councillors, Top Docs, psychoanalysts etc. If they were men, many of their wives sat on NHS Boards and Social Services Committees, or organisations concerned with training and regulating health and welfare professionals. Then there was their charidee work… See previous posts.
Kenneth Robinson was the son of a Top Doc, Clarence Robinson and an Angel and went to Malsis School in North Yorkshire before attending Oundle School. Oundle educated a number of loyal supporters of the Gang. Sir Clough went to Oundle, as did David Lewis Davies, the mad and abusive Top Doc who served as Dean of the Institute of Psychiatry at the Maudsley when Dafydd was ‘training’ there; John Harman, the Top Doc father of Harriet Harman went to Oundle and so did Micky Wynn, 7th Lord Newborough, another good friend to the Gang and many more. See previous posts, including ‘And Death Shall Have No Dominion’.
Before Wilson was elected, Patrick Blackett had written and presented a case for establishing a new Ministry of Technology, the idea being to harness the power of science for the good of the population. The Ministry of Technology was duly established in Oct 1964 by Harold Wilson’s newly elected Gov’t as part of Wilson’s ambition to modernise the state for what he perceived to be the needs of the 1960s. The pledge was included in Wilson’s 1964 General Election manifesto: “A Labour Government will .. [set] up a Ministry of Technology to guide and stimulate a major national effort to bring advanced technology and new processes into industry.”
Wilson appointed Frank Cousins as Minister of Technology, the General Secretary of the TGWU, who had not previously sat in Parliament. Cousins had played a significant role in supporting Wilson’s campaign to become leader of the Labour Party. Patrick Blackett’s friend C.P. Snow was created Baron Snow by Wilson so that he could play the role of Parliamentary Secretary in the Lords for the Ministry, a role that Snow held from October 1964 until April 1966.
Patrick Blackett had written his outline “The Case for a Ministry of Technology” in September 1964 and worked with Snow, Cousins and two Civil Service mandarins Sir Maurice Dean and Christopher Herzig to set up the Ministry from scratch.
Frank Cousins (8 September 1904-11 June 1986) was born in Bulwell, Nottinghamshire. His father was a miner and Frank followed him into this industry in 1918, joining the Yorkshire Miners’ Association. After five years Frank became a lorry driver, originally driving coal, and then in 1931 as a long-distance lorry driver, transporting meat between Scotland and London. Cousins became a member of the road transport section of the TGWU, of which he became a full-time official in Doncaster in July 1938.
Doncaster was on the site on the big ring in Yorkshire; it went back decades but even if Cousins didn’t know about it in 1938, he will have known about it at a later date and his connections there will have been utilised.
Cousins was appointed National Secretary of Road Transport (Commercial) Group in October 1948, contested the TGWU Assistant General Secretaryship in 1948 and 1955, securing the position on the latter attempt. He was also elected to the Labour Party’s NEC the same year, but resigned in March 1956.
Cousins was appointed acting General Secretary of the TGWU in February 1956, due to poor health on the part of Jock Tiffin. Cousins was elected General Secretary in May 1956, following Tiffin’s death, and held the position until 1969. From 1956 to 1969, Cousins was a member of the General Council of the TUC and was President of the International Transport Workers’ Federation 1958-60 and 1962-64. Cousins was the TUC representative to the AFL-CIO in 1959, holding the post jointly with Frederick Hayday.
Sir Frederick Hayday (26 June 1912-26 February 1990) was a British trade unionist. The son of Arthur Hayday, trade unionist and Labour MP, Frederick Hayday was born in Nottingham and joined the Labour Party at 16 years old. He was elected District Organiser of his father’s union, the National Union of General and Municipal Workers (now the GMB), dealing with gas, iron ore, gypsum mining, road haulage, brick making, and public services and as a member of Regional and National Joint Industrial Councils for many industries, serving in some instances as Secretary to the JIC.
During WWII, Hayday was appointed by the Lord Chancellor to the North Midlands Aliens Tribunal and served as a member of Labour Supply Committee for the Chemical Industry and on many wartime panels dealing with labour problems, military hardships’ committee, etc.
Viscount Simon was the Lord Chancellor who appointed Hayday to the North Midlands Aliens Tribunal. John Allsebrook Simon, 1st Viscount Simon (28 February 1873-11 January 1954), held senior Cabinet posts from the beginning of WW I to the end of WW II. He is one of only three people to have served as Home Secretary, Foreign Secretary and Chancellor of the Exchequer, the others being Rab Butler and James Callaghan.
Simon began his career as a Liberal (identified with the left-wing and later the right-wing of the Party); he joined the National Government in 1931, creating the Liberal National Party in the process. At the end of his career he was, essentially, a Tory.
John Simon was born in a terraced house on Moss Side, Manchester. His father Edwin was a Congregationalist Minister like three of his five brothers and was pastor of Zion Chapel in Hulme, Manchester; John’s mother Fanny was a farmer’s daughter and a descendant of Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury.
Congregationalists were to be found among the Gang and their network. The Gang were splendidly boosted by Harold Wilson’s wife Mary being the daughter of a Congregationalist Minister and being well-networked among other Nonconformists. See eg. ‘Come, Friendly Bombs’.
Congregational Ministers were expected to move about the country. Simon was educated at King Edward’s School, Bath, because his father was President of Somerset Congregational Union. Simon was then a scholar of Fettes College in Edinburgh, Miranda’s place of learning. John Simon subsequently studied at Wadham College, Oxford and served as President of the Oxford Union.
John Simon was briefly a trainee leader writer for the Manchester Guardian under C. P. Scott. Simon shared lodgings with Leo Amery whilst both were studying for the All Souls Fellowship; Simon and Amery then both became Fellows of All Souls in 1897.
Leo Amery was a fearsome Tory MP who’s son Julian Amery was also a Tory MP. Julian Amery was married to Harold Macmillan’s daughter Caroline and held positions in his father-in-law’s Gov’t. See previous posts.
John Simon was called to the Bar at the Inner Temple. The extended Havers family of Concealing Organised Abuse in High Places – Sir Cecil Havers and his offspring Lord Michael Havers and Lord Elizabeth Butler-Sloss – were all members of Inner Temple. As was Mr Thrope. Simon was a pupil of Sir Reginald Acland.
Some of Simon’s work was done on the Western Circuit at Bristol.
Simon entered the Commons at the Liberal MP for Walthamstow in Jan 1906. In 1909 Simon spoke out strongly in Parliament in support of David Lloyd George‘s progressive “People’s Budget“. Simon entered the Gov’t on 7 October 1910 as Solicitor-General. In February 1911 Simon successfully prosecuted Edward Mylius for criminal libel for claiming that King George V was a bigamist. On 25 May 1915, Simon became Home Secretary in H. H. Asquith‘s new Coalition Gov’t, but resigned in January 1916 in protest against the introduction of conscription of single men. After Asquith’s fall in December 1916, Simon remained in opposition as an Asquithian Liberal.
In 1919, Simon attempted to return to Parliament at the Spen Valley by-election. Lloyd George put up a coalition Liberal candidate in Spen Valley to keep Simon out and was active behind the scenes trying to see him defeated. In the early 1920s, Simon practised successfully at the Bar before finally being elected for Spen Valley in 1922. From 1922 to 1924, Simon served as Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party, under Asquith.
In October 1924 Simon moved the amendment which brought down the First Labour Government. At the ensuing General Election, the Conservatives were returned to power and the Liberal Party was reduced to a rump of just over 40 MPs. Although Asquith, who had lost his seat, remained Leader of the Party, Lloyd George was elected Chairman of the Liberal MPs by 29 votes to 9. Simon abstained in the vote. Simon, who was increasingly anti-socialist and quite friendly to the Conservative leader Stanley Baldwin, clashed with Lloyd George. Simon stood down as Deputy leader and went back to the Bar again.
Simon opposed the General Strike 1926. On 6 May 1926, the fourth day of the Strike, he declared in the Commons that the General Strike was illegal. He argued that the strike was not entitled to the legal privileges of the Trade Disputes Act 1906, and that the union bosses would be “liable to the utmost farthing” in damages for the harm they inflicted on businesses and for inciting the men to break their contracts of employment.
Simon was at this time one of the highest-paid barristers of his generation, believed to earn between £36,000 and £70,000 per annum (around £2m–£3.5m at 2016 prices). Simon spoke for Newfoundland in the Labrador boundary dispute with Canada, before announcing his permanent retirement from the Bar.
From 1927 to 1931 Simon chaired the Indian Constitutional Development Committee, known as the Simon Commission on India’s constitution. Simon was hampered by the Inquiry’s terms of reference (no Indians were included on the committee) and his conclusions were overshadowed by the Irwin Declaration of October 1929, to which Simon was opposed, which promised India eventual dominion status.
In June 1931, before the formation of the National Government, Simon resigned the Liberal whip. In the September of that year Simon and his 30 or so followers became the Liberal Nationals (later renamed the “National Liberals”) and increasingly aligned themselves with the Conservatives for practical purposes.
On 5 November 1931 Simon was appointed Foreign Secretary in Ramsay Macdonald’s National Government. Simon’s tenure of office saw a number of important events in foreign policy, including the Japanese invasion of Manchuria (which had begun in September 1931, before he took office). Simon attracted particular opprobrium for his speech to the General Assembly of the League of Nations at Geneva on 7 December 1932 in which he failed to denounce Japan unequivocally. This period also saw the coming to power of Hitler in Germany in January 1933. Hitler immediately withdrew Germany from the League of Nations and announced a programme of rearmament, initially to give Germany armed forces commensurate with France and other powers. Simon did not foresee the sheer scale of Hitler’s ambitions, but neither did many others at the time.
Even Simon’s colleagues thought he had been a disastrous Foreign Secretary. Simon’s officials despaired of him. Leo Amery was a rare defender of Simon’s record: in 1937 he recorded that Simon “really had been a sound foreign minister – and Stresa marked the nearest Europe has been to peace since 1914”.
Simon served as Home Secretary in Baldwin’s Gov’t, 7 June 1935-28 May 1937. He also became Deputy Leader of the Commons. In 1935 Simon was the last Home Secretary to attend a Royal Birth (of the present Duke of Kent). Simon played a key role behind the scenes in the Abdication Crisis of 1936.
In 1937 Neville Chamberlain succeeded Baldwin as PM and Simon succeeded Chamberlain as Chancellor of the Exchequer, 1937–40. Simon became a close political ally of Chamberlain. In 1938 Simon helped to persuade Chamberlain to make the “high” case for Munich, i.e. that he had achieved a lasting peace rather than limited potential damage. Simon retained the support of Neville Chamberlain until around the middle of 1939. On 2 September 1939 Simon led a deputation of Ministers to see Neville Chamberlain, to insist that Britain honour her guarantee to Poland and go to war if Hitler did not withdraw. Simon became a member of the small War Cabinet. Simon’s political position weakened as he came to be seen as a symbol of foot-dragging and lack of commitment to total war. Chamberlain privately told colleagues that he found Simon “very much deteriorated”. Simon’s position weakened after Churchill rejoined the Cabinet on the outbreak of war and got on surprisingly well with Chamberlain.
In May 1940, Simon urged Chamberlain to stand firm as PM, although he offered to resign. By 1940, Simon, along with his successor as Foreign Secretary Sir Samuel Hoare, had come to be seen as one of the “Guilty Men” responsible for appeasement of the dictators and like Hoare, his continued service in the War Cabinet was not regarded as acceptable in Churchill’s new coalition.
Simon became Lord Chancellor in Churchill’s Gov’t although without a place on the War Cabinet. On 13 May 1940 he was created Viscount Simon, of Stackpole Elidor in the County of Pembroke, a village from which his father traced descent.
As Lord Chancellor, Simon interrogated Rudolf Hess after his flight to Scotland. In May 1945, after the end of the wartime Coalition, Simon continued as Lord Chancellor but was not included in the Cabinet of the short-lived Churchill caretaker ministry. After Churchill’s July 1945 election defeat, Simon never held office again, although he remained active in the House of Lords and as a senior judge on the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council.
In 1948 Simon succeeded Lord Sankey as High Steward of Oxford University. Relations with his own near-alcoholic wife were somewhat strained. Simon was Senior Fellow of All Souls and spent much time there rather than at home. Simon was a vigorous campaigner against socialism in the General Elections of 1945, 1950 and 1951.
Churchill blocked Simon – who had stepped down as Leader of the National Liberals in 1940 – from joining the Conservative Party. Churchill was keen to lend Conservative support to the (official) Liberals, including his old friend Lady Violet Bonham Carter, but blocked a full merger between the Conservatives and the National Liberals, although a constituency-level merger was negotiated with the Conservative Party chairman Lord Woolton in 1947 (thereafter the National Liberals were increasingly absorbed into the Conservatives for practical purposes, formally merging in 1968). See previous posts for details of the Asquith/Bonham Carter dynasty who were friends and colleagues of the Gang and their network.
Although John Simon was still physically and mentally vigorous (aged 78) when the Conservatives returned to power in 1951, Churchill did not offer him any office.
Viscount Simon died from a stroke on 11 January 1954.
Simon married Ethel Mary Venables in 1899; she was later Vice-Principal of St Hugh’s Hall, Oxford. They had three children: Margaret (born 1900, who later married Geoffrey Edwards), Joan (born 1901, who later married John Bickford-Smith) and John Gilbert, 2nd Viscount Simon (1902–1993). Ethel died soon after the birth of their son Gilbert, in September 1902. There are some suggestions that Ethel’s death may have been caused by misguided use of homeopathic medicines, adding to Simon’s guilt.
In 1917, in Paris, Simon married the abolition activist Kathleen Rochard Manning, a widow with one adult son, who had for a while been governess to his children. She had increasing health problems and “dr[ank] to excess” as she grew older…
Christopher Herzig, the Civil Service mandarin who helped Blackett set up Harold Wilson’s Ministry of Technology, served as PPS to four Cabinet Ministers, including Lord Hailsham and Sir Edward Boyle. Hailsham and Boyle have featured on this blog before, Hailsham many times. I will be returning to Hailsham later in this post, but it’s worth reminding readers of Edward Boyle again here; he is a man who much about the Gang and the crime that spiralled out from them.
Lord Edward Boyle (as he became in 1970 when he stood down from the Commons) was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford and worked at Bletchley Park during WW II. Boyle served as the Tory MP for Birmingham Handsworth, 1950-70. One of Dafydd and Gwynne’s partner gangs was in operation in the area by the 1960s. See previous posts.
Boyle served in Churchill’s, Eden’s and Macmillan’s Gov’ts alongside Gwynne and Dafydd’s mates. Boyle was PPS to the Under-Secretary of State for Air, 1951-52; PPS to the Under-Secretary of State for Defence in 1952; Financial Secretary to the Treasury, 1959-62, while Gwynne and Dafydd’s mate Selwyn Lloyd was Chancellor of the Exchequer; Minister of Education, July 1962-April 1964 and then when the position of Secretary of State for Education and Science was created in 1964 and Lord Hailsham was appointed, Edward Boyle served as Hailsham’s Minister of State for Education and Science.
Boyle was a Trustee for the British Museum, 1970-81. Boyle was appointed VC of Leeds University in 1970. Leeds University was at the heart of Jimmy Savile’s crime empire, with the associated police corruption and it did impact on Leeds University, particularly the parts of Leeds University that were concerned with health, welfare and education.
Savile’s mates were literally running the NHS in Leeds, it absolutely was not Savile sneaking in under the radar Cunningly Disguised as a volunteer. Savile’s mate Alan Franey was a senior manager at Leeds Infirmary and Franey was appointed CEO of Broadmoor when Savile became the General Manager there in 1988. See post ‘Socio-Political Context of the North Wales Mental Health Services In The 1980s’ and ‘A Pretty Classy Piece Of Operation’. Savile held such sway among ancillary staff at St James’s Hospital in Leeds that Cabinet Ministers in the 1970s made efforts to keep Savile on side because he openly told them that he could cause industrial action at St James’s if he so chose. See previous posts.
The Gang in north Wales have exchanged staff with Yorkshire/Leeds for decades. David Williams, the North Wales Hospital Denbigh Angel who learnt at the knee of Gwynne the Lobotomist and then became active in COHSE, relocated to Yorkshire from north Wales in the mid-1950s to become a full time COHSE official. Williams ended up as Assistant General Secretary of COHSE, 1974-83 and then General Secretary, 1983-87. Williams was at the very top of COHSE, a notoriously militant NHS union, when Gwynne and Dafydd had become so out of hand that the highest echelons of the judiciary and Gov’t were needed to conceal their criminality. COHSE undoubtedly benefited from the situation and the other man at the top of COHSE who succeeded David Williams as Deputy General Secretary and then General Secretary, Hector Mackenzie, got a peerage out of it. See previous posts.
Gren Kershaw, a senior NHS manager in north Wales who was the cause of huge amounts of rot, corruption, bad practice as well as patient neglect and harm, arrived in north Wales in 1983 from a career as an NHS manager in Yorkshire/Leeds. Some years ago Kershaw was voted the best NHS CEO in the UK by ‘Nursing Times’. The staff loved Gren, they could fiddle the cash, neglect and abuse the patients, not turn up for work and there would be no problems at all. The mortality rates and safety record for Ysbyty Glan Clwyd and the surrounding area that was under Gren’s domain was shocking, but it was concealed and no-one was ever held to account.
Gren arrived in north Wales in 1983, in the wake of Mary Wynch heading in the direction of the Master of the Rolls, along with the influx of Nice Young Doctors to convince everyone that It Wouldn’t Happen Again now that New Blood had arrived.
Edward Boyle knew about the Gang and the havoc that they were causing at UCNW because in DATE, Boyle was Chairman of the UGC DETAILS – By 1984 Sir Peter Swinnerton-Dyer had become Chairman of the UGC and UCNW, which had been on course for closure when Boyle was Chairman, lived to fight another day when the Principal Sir Charles Evans was replaced by Prof Eric Sunderland and an agreement was made between Sunderland, Swinnerton-Dyer, Carlo (the Chancellor), Thatch and God knows who else to trash me and anyone who stood up for me, buy off everyone else and thus UCNW was saved. Streams of funding flowed in, inadequate people received promotion and were touted as towering academics and then all their friends and relatives began blackmailing and demanding… See previous posts.
I simply cannot understand why no-one realised what an appalling mess would result from this, particularly as witnesses were murdered. Was it really a good idea to leave a university and associated Local Authorities, hospitals etc riddled with serious crime, corruption and thousands of greedy little people who had been bought off stamping their tiny feet and yelling for more constantly? Then they told their mates in other universities how to access the bonanza…
All because of a Royal Lobotomist who would be dead in two years time.
WHERE were the heads of the security services?
Boyle served as Chairman of the Committee of VCs and Principals of UK Universities, 1977-79, so he’ll have known Sir Charles Evans, Principal of UCNW. Boyle will have known that UCNW had become unmanageable from his time sitting on the Committee of VCs and Principals as well.
Edward Boyle was only 58 when he died from cancer. On 28 Sept 1981. In the immediate aftermath of Mary Wynch and Mr Thrope. Sir Keith Joseph, a Tory MP for a Leeds constituency who had concealed the Gang’s criminality as far back as when Joseph served in Macmillan’s Gov’t along with Boyle, had been appointed as Thatch’s Secretary of State for Education on 17 Sept 1981.
Edward Boyle’s grandfather, Sir Edward Boyle, had been the MP for Taunton, 1906-09. Lord Edward Boyle of the Gang’s Corruption had been in Macmillan’s Gov’t at the same time as Edward du Cann, the crooked Tory MP for Taunton with whom my grandfather crossed swords; du Cann was involved in business dealings with the Gang’s network. du Cann was still the MP for Taunton when Boyle died. I arrived at UCNW as a fresher days before Edward Boyle died.
Christopher Herzig was the son of Leopold Adolf Herzig. Christopher married Rachel Buxton, the daughter of P. A. Buxton on 19 July 1952. They had five children together:
- Stephen Christopher Herzig2 b. 12 Apr 1954
- Francis Patrick Herzig2 b. 15 Dec 1955
- Edmund Martin Herzig2 b. 14 Feb 1958
- Hugh John Herzig b. 28 Apr 1961
- Harriet Elizabeth Herzig2 b. 8 Mar 1963
In 1980 Francis Patrick Herzig married Petra Rogers, daughter of Professor Ambrose Rogers, in 1980. Ambrose Rogers was a mathematician with close connections to the Gang, as is clear from this obituary for him written by David Larman of UCL:
Professor C. Ambrose Rogers FRS, who was elected a member of the London Mathematical Society on 13 December 1945, died on 5 December 2005 at the age of 85. He was born 1 November 1920 and attended Berkhamsted School before studying at University College London 1938-40, including being evacuated to Bangor in 1939.
UCNW at Bangor hosted a whole collection of evacuated academics from UCL and many lifelong friendships and collaborations were formed. Those who formed them became the gerontocracy at Bangor who were prepared to do anything at all to save poor old Gwynne’s reputation from those who Lie To Get Compensation. Or as Gwynne would say ‘tell an untruth’. In fact the reason that Gwynne gave for not giving me access to my own records was that I ‘might tell an untruth’. So I picked them up in front of him and carefully pointed out every Untruth that he had written.
Then there were the crude alterations that were subsequently carried out on the records to conceal the Untruths, so crude that it was all done with Tippex… I took the documents from Gwynne’s desk – in front of him, it’s not that I broke into the building in the small hours – and there was the evidence, demonstrating that D.G.E. Wood had also Told An Untruth when he told Brown ‘there has been no amendments made to the records’.
Not that Gwynne and the Gang stopped at Untruths, there were the murders of witnesses as well…
It’s OK everyone, there can be an historical investigation! The victims are dead, so are most of the perpetrators, but Justice Will Be Done! D.G.E. Wood must be over 70 now, he enjoyed one of the biggest incomes in Wales, well he’ll know all about it if he goes to prison when he’s 80 and dies in there after a few months. This lot are like the Nazi war criminals, they committed serious crimes with the help of the state and decades later they’re going to be Brought To Justice.
The irony is that the bent lawyers who helped Gwynne and the Gang were involved in the Nuremberg trials… David Maxwell Fyfe aka Dai Bananas aka Lord Kilmuir, Lord Elwyn-Jones… Then there was Gwynne’s mate the psychiatrist Wilfred Abse, a paid up member of the Westminster Paedophile Ring, who carried out the examination of Rudolf Hess… See previous posts.
Some of those who assisted Gwynne and Dafydd had served in Churchill’s Gov’t…
Never in the field of human conflict have so many been entertained by so few…
From 1940-5 [Ambrose] served as an experimental assistant and officer in the Applied Ballistic Department of the Ministry of Supply,
I encountered the Ballistic Dept when I pointed out the Untruths
but managed to keep up his research interest by part-time study at Birkbeck College under the guidance of R.G. Cooke and L.S. Bosanquet.
The Birkbeck of Patrick Blackett and Eric Hobsbawm…
In 1946 Ambrose returned to UCL as an Assistant Lecturer and began a mostfruitful collaboration with Harold Davenport on the Geometry of Numbers. In 1949 he went to the Institute of Advanced Study in Princeton as a Commonwealth Fund Fellow and teamed up with Dvoretsky to produce their famous result on absolute and unconditional convergence. Leaving a Readership at UCL, in 1954 Ambrose went to Birmingham as Mason Professor of Pure Mathematics. In collaboration with Geoffrey Shephard and James Taylor during that period his interest in convex geometry and Hausdorff Measure Theory widened. In particular, with Geoffrey Shephard, he produced sharp bounds for the volume of a difference body, a problem which had been open for 30 years.
A Junior Berwick Prize followed in 1957 and when Davenport moved to Cambridge in 1958, Ambrose returned to UCL as Astor Professor of Pure Mathematics. He was deemed to be too young to be the sole Head of Department and so for the next 28 years he was Joint Head, firstly with W.R. Dean and later with Keith Stewartson. Throughout this period he was the Principal Editor of Mathematika a journal that Harold Davenport had founded with the purpose of fast publication of results. In 1959 he was elected to the Royal Society and in 1961 spent a year in Canada where, in particular, working with Maurice Sion he developed an interest in analytic sets and put the final touches to his influential book ‘Packing and Covering’.
During the 1960s, Ambrose concentrated mainly on Hausdorff Measure Theory. This culminated in a wonderful example (with Roy Davies) of a compact metric space of infinite Hausdorff measure which has no subsets of finite positive measure. His book Hausdorff Measures is a standard text. From 1970-2, following the untimely death of Sir Edward Collingwood, he took over the Presidency of the LMS and in 1977 received the Society’s highest honour, the De Morgan Medal. He was also Vice-President from 1958-59 and 1972-74.
During the 1970s his interests switched back to convex sets with spectacular success. This second period produced the famous work on the measure of the directions of line segments on the boundary of a convex body and a 12-dimensional counterexample to the Busemann-Petty problem. Retiring in 1986, he continued to work mainly on analytic sets, in the context of functional analysis, with John Jayne and Isaac Namioka.
Ambrose was a passionate supporter of the LMS and attended every London Meeting until his health began to fail. He was also passionate about research. I recall being summoned to his home to discuss research while he lay in bed recovering from pneumonia. His wide interests and depth of thought meant that most visitors to the UCL Mathematics Department ended up collaborating on a joint project with him.
I knew that UCL Top Docs, psychologists and lawyers were networked with the Gang (see previous posts), but it’s good to know that their Big Maths Prof and his mates were as well…
He was married in 1952 to Joan North, a writer of children’s books, who died in 1999. They had two daughters, Jane and Petra. Ambrose was also very proud of the achievements of his nephew L.C.G. (Chris) Rogers.
Joan Marian North (15 February 1920-1999) wrote stories that were set in the contemporary real world but deal with incursions into our world of mysterious powers or influences, which often lead to her young protagonists learning a greater sense of their true selves. As Searles, Meacham and Franklin say in A Reader’s Guide to Fantasy, “The mental and spiritual attitudes of her protagonists influence greatly their success or failure.”
Was Joan North trying to cram a bit of present day victim blaming psychology into her children’s books? Think Positive Children! If your dad or mum is a PM/Cabinet Minister and you are Successful and get into Oxbridge and then bag internships at the Whitehouse, it is because of your Ability and Positive Attitude! Taken into Care by Dafydd, Meri and the Gang at 12 yrs old, gang raped repeatedly, abandoned to sex work before you are 16? It’s because of the Way That You See Yourself and Your Life! Try a bit of CBT, from a Gang member, it’ll be clear then. Follow it up with Mindfulness and change the way that you react to stressful situations and you’ll find that your life improves.
The School of Psychology at Bangor under Prof Fergus Lowe particularly promoted this type of ‘psychology’. Fungus didn’t believe it himself, but he was ruthless, found out the extent of the crimes of Dafydd and Gwynne, blackmailed a great number of people over it all and was sharp enough to realise that victim blaming dressed up as neuropsychology or indeed Therapy, anything goes as long as it blames people having a hard time for their own situation, could be successfully sold to neoliberal Gov’ts.
Fungus formed collaborations with academics from UCL.
Born in Hendon London, Joan North was the daughter of metallurgist Frank Wevil North and Gladys May Paybody. She was educated in England, Wales, and China, and went to King’s College, London. She served in the Women’s Auxillary Air Force during World War II and worked as a nurse, and a social worker,
There’s the clue everyone, Joan will have known of organised abuse even if she wasn’t actively facilitating it.
also working for the BBC
and for the Tate Gallery’s publications department.
Previous posts have discussed so many of the Gang’s wider network who were involved with the Tate, the Culture Vultures who were in Gov’t and enjoyed the Arts, often having children who made the Arts their careers. Some of the Gang’s most useful supporters in Gov’t also held the role of Minister for the Arts (such as Nye Bevan’s wife Jennie Lee who held the role, 1964-70) or ended up, as Kenneth Robinson did, 1977-82, as Chair of the Arts Council for Great Britain. See previous posts.
She married C. A. Rogers, Astor Professor of Mathematics at the University of London, with whom she had two daughters, Jane and Petra.
Here’s another tribute to Ambrose by two of his maths colleagues that sheds yet more light:
I am indebted to Dr L S Bosanquet and Dr R G Cooke for advice and encouragement during the preparation of this note.
In fact he had done this work in a part-time capacity while he was undertaking war work. It was a slightly disappointing start to Rogers publishing career for he published an Addendum in the same volume of the Journal explaining that the results of his first paper could be obtained more easily from a theorem of Stefan Banach and also reported that the first of his theorems was proved by the American mathematician Ralph Palmer Agnew (1900-1986) in 1939. However, this was only the first of a remarkable number of papers that Rogers published while a research student: A note on a theorem of Blichfeldt (1946); (with Harold Davenport) Hlawka’s theorem in the geometry of numbers (1947); A note on a problem of Mahler (1947); A note on irreducible star bodies (1947); Existence theorems in the geometry of numbers (1947); (with J H H Chalk) The critical determinant of a convex cylinder (1948); A problem of Hirsch (1948); The product of the minima and the determinant of a set (1949); The product of n homogeneous linear forms (1949); The successive minima of measurable sets (1949); On the critical determinant of a certain nonconvex cylinder (1949); (with Harold Davenport) A note on the geometry of numbers (1949); and (with J H H Chalk) The successive minima of a convex cylinder (1949). This list is quite exceptional but these were only the papers which appeared in print before 1949. Others such as The signatures of the errors of simultaneous Diophantine approximations and The asymptotic directions of n linear forms in n + 1 integral variables, were submitted by Rogers to the Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society on 6 September 1947 but did not appear in print until 1951.Rogers was awarded a Ph.D. in 1949 for his thesis The Transformation of Sequences by Matrices in which he studied divergent series. A paper with the same title as his thesis, containing 21 theorems, was submitted to the Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society in August 1948 but only appeared in print in 1951. Rogers writes:-
This paper forms part of a thesis approved for the Degree of Ph.D. in the University of London.
Before the award of his Ph.D., Rogers began working with Harold Davenport and, in addition to their joint papers given above, they published two joint papers. On the critical determinants of cylinders and Diophantine inequalities with an infinity of solutions. Both were submitted for publication in June 1949 and appeared in print in 1950. The second of these is a major work with 34 pages and the authors give the following abstract:-
Many results in the geometry of numbers assert, in effect, that inequalities of a certain type are soluble in integers, the constant on the right of the inequality being the best possible. Recent work of Mahler often enables one to prove that such an inequality has infinitely many solutions. In this paper we develop the theory of inequalities with infinitely many solutions, and investigate more deeply some of the questions which naturally arise.
Through Davenport, Rogers became interested in packing and covering. After being awarded a Commonwealth Fund Fellowship, in the autumn of 1949 he went to the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. His paper A note on coverings and packings (1950) was written while he was in Princeton. While in Princeton, he met the Russian born Israeli mathematician Aryeh Dvoretzky (1916-2008) and, working together, they solved a conjecture which had stood for twenty years. They proved:
Absolute convergence is equivalent to unconditional convergence of series of points of a Banach space if and only if the space is finite-dimensional.
The result was published in their joint paper Absolute and unconditional convergence in normed linear spaces (1950).Rogers married Joan Marion North (1920-1999), the daughter of metallurgist Frank Wevil North and Gladys May Paybody, in 1950. Joan North was an author of children’s books; they had two daughters, Jane Nee Rogers born 1955 and Petra Nee Rogers born 1956. Returning to his position at University College London, Rogers was awarded a D.Sc. in 1952. At University College, Rogers was promoted to reader before he moved to Birmingham University in 1954 as the Mason Professor of Pure Mathematics :-
In collaboration with Geoffrey Shephard and James Taylor during that period his interest in convex geometry and Hausdorff Measure Theory widened. In particular, with Geoffrey Shephard, he produced sharp bounds for the volume of a difference body, a problem which had been open for 30 years.
After four years in Birmingham, Rogers returned to London, this time as the Astor Professor of Mathematics at University College. He succeeded Harold Davenport as the Astor Professor of Mathematics who had moved to Cambridge in 1958. His cousin and brother-in-law Jeremy North writes:-
Visiting Jo and Ambrose in Gray [sic] Close, Hampstead, was always amazing. Ambrose had the largest desk piled high with totally incomprehensible research papers. Towards the end of his life he had to have a second desk which quickly became covered too. At the last Birthday party I attended there, the room was full of mathematical colleagues who might have been on a different planet. Over these occasions my sister presided invariably with a cold collage for lunch or a polite tea. Domestic considerations were never high on their agenda.
Rogers held this post until he retired in 1986, when he became professor emeritus and remained at University College.Rogers produced a remarkable mathematical output having published around 180 papers and books. As related above, his early work was on number theory, and he wrote on Diophantine inequalities and the geometry of numbers. Jointly with Paul Erdős, he wrote The covering of n-dimensional space by spheres (1953) and Covering space with convex bodies (1961), writing many other articles on coverings and packings including Covering space with equal spheres with Donald Coxeter. His later work covered a wide range of different topics in geometry and analysis including Borel functions, Hausdorff measure and local measure, topological properties of Banach spaces and upper semicontinuous functions. Rogers has written three important books, Packing and Covering in 1964, Hausdorff Measures in 1970, and (with John E Jayne) Selectors (2002). Much of Packing and Covering was written in 1961 while Rogers was spending a year in Canada at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver. The Publisher of the book, Cambridge University Press, writes:-
Professor Rogers has written this economical and logical exposition of the theory of packing and covering at a time when the simplest general results are known and future progress seems likely to depend on detailed and complicated technical developments. The book treats mainly problems in n-dimensional space, where n is larger than 3. The approach is quantitative and many estimates for packing and covering densities are obtained. The introduction gives a historical outline of the subject, stating results without proof, and the succeeding chapters contain a systematic account of the general results and their derivation. Some of the results have immediate applications in the theory of numbers, in analysis and in other branches of mathematics, while the quantitative approach may well prove to be of increasing importance for further developments.
We quote briefly from reviews of Packing and Covering. R P Bambah writes:-
This monograph, based on the work of the author and his collaborators, gives a very elegant and readable account of many important results in the theory of packings and coverings, lattice as well as non-lattice. The author has managed in most cases to include proofs of best known results without affecting the readability of this book, which is entirely self-contained.
Donald Coxeter writes:-
This little book maintains the high standard of scholarly exposition which has distinguished the Cambridge Tracts for several generations.
E A Maxwell writes:-
The style is brisk, clear and interesting, without any fuss, and I have no doubt at all that the book will be found a most valuable source of information in a very readable setting.
Edwin Hewitt, reviewing Hausdorff Measures writes:-
This beautifully written and beautifully printed little book contains an astonishing amount of information. … this book is a combination, unique as far as the reviewer knows, of pedagogy and description of an active if special field of analysis as it now exists. A bright student can pick up this book and read it by himself. When he has finished the book, he will be able to ask questions of his own and will also have a useful guide to the literature. Mature mathematicians who need facts about Hausdorff measures for their own purposes – surface theory, harmonic analysis, and so on – will find clear statements, clear proofs, and abundant references for further pursuit.
Here is an extract from the authors’ Preface to Selectors:-
For sometime we have thought that the theory of measurable selectors was somewhat lacking, in that one knows little about the topological properties of measurable functions. It is surprising that in very general circumstances upper semi-continuous set-valued maps do have selectors that, although not continuous, are of the first Baire class; that is, are point-wise limits of sequences of continuous functions. In the book we are mainly concerned with proving results showing the existence of selections of the first Baire class. We give a number of geometrically interesting examples, and some unexpected consequences for functional analysis.
Rogers wrote an obituary of Harold Davenport for the London Mathematical Society which was published in 1972, the year after Rogers wrote a survey of Davenport‘s work. He was one of the editors of The collected works of Harold Davenport published in four volumes in 1977.Rogers was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1959 and served on the Council of the Royal Society for two spells, first from 1966 to 1968 and then again in 1983-84. He also served as the 55th President of the London Mathematical Society from 1970 to 1972 and was honoured with the award of the London Mathematical Society‘s Junior Berwick Prize in 1957 and the De Morgan Medal in 1977. An extract from the citation for the De Morgan Medal reads:-
In the period after the Second World War, Rogers rapidly emerged in the forefront of the renaissance of the geometry of numbers. His work on the lattice constants of cylinders both convex and non-convex, on the reducibility of star bodies and on the implications for the existence of infinitely many lattice points in automorphic bodies, and on the successive minima of general sets with respect to a lattice remains definitive. Since about 1958, Professor Rogers’ main research interests moved to the theory of Hausdorff measures, of analytic sets and of general convex bodies, to all of which he has made important contributions.
He was a plenary speaker at the British Mathematical Colloquium in 1964 giving the lecture The Brunn-Minkowski theorem and related inequalities. On two other occasions he was a specially invited morning speaker at the British Mathematical Colloquium, in 1955 and 1984. He was also invited to address the special meeting of the Mathematical Association to celebrate its centenary. He began his talk Length, area and volume as follows (see ):-
I will discuss the elementary concepts of Length, Area and Volume from an advanced standpoint. Although my readers will have acquired a clear intuitive understanding of these basic geometric quantities, they may not realise that these quantities are very far from elementary. Many deep investigations have been necessary to refine the concepts and many basic problems remain with only inadequate answers.
Article by: J J O’Connor and E F Robertson
For a long while, Ambrose lived in Grey Close, Hampstead. I’ve had a look at a few photos, the houses in Grey Close are boring ‘Terry and June’ houses but they cost a great deal of money. Those houses in Primrose Hill where Uncle Harry’s nephews grew up look much nicer; Ralph obviously did rather more positive thinking than Ambrose. Ambrose died in Islington.
Here Professor Yaffle himself:
Here’s Ambrose’s dad, a Great Man of Imperial Medicine:
Sir Leonard Rogers
Sir Leonard Rogers
|Born||18 January 1868
Hartley House, Helston
|Died||16 September 1962|
|Known for||Founding the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene|
|Spouse(s)||Una Elsie North|
|Awards||Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire (1914)
Fellow of the Royal Society
Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India (1932)
Manson Medal (1938)
The Royal College of Physicians ‘Lives Of The Fellows’ online provides details of Sir Leonard’s achievements:
b.18 January 1868 d.16 September 1962
CIE(1911) Kt(1914) KCSI(1932) MB BS Lond(1892) MD Lond(1897) LLD Glasg(1936) LLD St And(1939) MRCS LRCP(1891) FRCS(1892) MRCP(1897) FRCP(1905) FRS(1916)
Leonard Rogers, one of the numerous children of Captain Henry Rogers, R.N., of Hartley House, Helston, Cornwall, was born near Plymouth. His mother was Jane Enys, of Enys, Penryn. Through her he was descended from Davies Gilbert, mathematician president of the Royal Society from 1825 to 1829.
A long tradition of positive thinking ran through the family
Rogers was educated at Tavistock Grammar School, where he showed notable mathematical ability, Plymouth College, and St. Mary’s Hospital,London. For most of his life he was engaged in medical research, beginning as a student before qualification. After a few hospital appointments he decided that a career in pathology could be achieved in the Indian Medical Service, and he entered that Service by competition in 1893. At first he was posted to the military branch, in which he began to investigate problems of malaria andthe clotting of blood. The quality he showed in this work led to his appointment to investigate kala-azar in Assam, where it was epidemic. He was not able to differentiate this disease from malaria with the facilities at his disposal, but he did appreciate the fact that it was a disease strongly associated with certain places, and he devised an effective method of prevention by moving the occupants of affected villages to new sites.
In 1900 he was appointed professor of pathology in Calcutta. There he disentangled the aetiology of dysentery to the extent of recognising entamoeba histolytica as a cause of this and of liver abscess, and showed that repeated aspiration of liver abscess was a safer treatment than the open operation formerly practised. At that time ipecacuanha had some reputation in the treatment of dysentery, but it had troublesome side effects, and Rogers, learning that its active component, emetine, had an action on non-pathogenic water amoebae, tried it in amoebic dysentery with great success. It remains the basis of the most favoured treatment to the present time. Similarly, having heard that salts of antimony had been used in African trypanosomiasis, and arguing that the parasites of leishmaniasis were protozoa in some respects akin to trypanosomes, he tried antimony in kala-azar, again with conspicuous and lasting success.
Cholera was the great epidemic disease of India, and it carried a high mortality. Rogers knew that replacement therapy with intravenous physiological saline was only moderately successful, and he therefore doubled the salt content in the hope that this would, perhaps by osmotic action, prevent excessive loss of fluid. The results were good, and with modifications a similar procedure has proved its value.
Chaulmoogra oil had at that time some reputation for leprosy, but it was difficult to administer. Rogers therefore isolated from it an active fraction, sodium gynocardate, which could be given more easily and which, with modifications, remained the standard treatment until the sulphones were introduced during the Second World War.
These were major advances in treatment, though officially Rogers was a pathologist rather than a clinician. He was not, however, content with therapy. He realised that the true answer to the great epidemics of cholera which ravaged India periodically lay in prevention. These epidemics were closely associated with the great pilgrimages to various holy places, where multitudes of people gathered to bathe in, and drink, the sacred waters of the famous rivers. Rogers constantly advocated the compulsory immunisation of all pilgrims to these gatherings, but there were difficultieson religious grounds while the British were in power. However, the principle was adopted tentatively before the British left, and wholeheartedly by the Indian Government after that time, with the result that the epidemics have been dramatically reduced.
Rogers conducted research on snake venoms, the trypanosomiasis of horses, and other subjects, but he maintained an acute interest in the epidemiology of all the diseases encountered in India. He promoted the teaching of tropical medicine by collecting funds for the School of Tropical Medicine in Calcutta, which remains as a monument to his energy.
After retirement in 1920 Rogers was appointed medical adviser to the Secretary of State for India, physician to the Hospital for Tropical Diseases in London, and lecturer at the London School of Tropical Medicine; much of his energy in his later years was devoted to the work of the British Empire Leprosy Relief Association, for which he raised large sums of money, and to which he contributed the driving force of his own personality and much ofhis own money. He was elected president of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene for the period 1933-5. At the College he delivered the Milroy (1907) and Croonian lectures (1924); he was awarded the Moxon medal in 1924 and was a Councillor, 1925-7. He received honorary degrees from the Universities of Glasgow and St. Andrews.
Throughout his life Rogers was completely absorbed in his work, and apart from cycling and walking he had no hobbies. He was the most frugal of men. He had a strong personality, and though he never deliberately cultivated the attitude of a great man he had about him a quality of authority which held the respect and affection of his colleagues.
He wrote extensively, always in the simplest and most direct language, without any attempt at literary elegance, but with a phenomenal grasp of mathematical method. After he retired he published an autobiography entitled Happy Toil, which sufficiently expressed his life-long enthusiasm for research, and his faith in Christianity. It also expressed, to some degree, his great sense of fun, which otherwise bubbled to the surface in causticcomments on people he thought stupid.
Probably his patients.
He was slight and wiry in build, with a thick head of stiff hair, white in later life, and a large military moustache.
In 1914 he married Una Elsie, daughter of C. N. McIntyre North, an architect in London.
Sir Clough Williams-Ellis, Bertrand Russell’s friend who lived at Cwm Croesor and who was at the centre of the Welsh Bloomsbury Set was an architect, well-connected with other architects.
They had three sons, one of whom became a mathematician and a Fellow of the Royal Society.
As with so many glowing obituaries of Top Docs that are to be found on the Royal College of Physicians ‘Lives Of The Fellows’ online, Richard R Trail wrote this about Sir Leonard.
Royal College of Surgeons ‘Lives Of The Fellows’:
Born on 18 January 1868 in Cornwall the son of Captain Henry Rogers RN, he was educated at Plymouth College and St Mary’s Hospital where he passed the final examination for the Fellowship at the age of 24 while holding the post of resident obstetric officer.
St Mary’s has a tradition of being peopled by posh Top Doctors to the Royal Family, such as Clarissa Dickson Wright’s father, the phenomenally violent alcoholic Royal Doc Arthur Dickson Wright or Geoffrey Chamberlain’s mate Sir George Pinker, who delivered William and Harry. Dickson Wright was working and teaching at St Mary’s while Leonard Rogers was training.
Dickson Wright’s family suffered so badly at his hands that Clarissa developed a very serious alcohol problem when still quite young and ended up so smashed and hopeless that she was prevented from practising as a barrister and ended up unemployable and near destitute. I always felt quite sorry for Clarissa after I found out about that but more recently I discovered that Clarissa’s incredible late middle aged bounce back as a celeb chef was as a result of her letting people know that she knew what had happened to me and my friends at the hands of the Gang and something nice had better be forthcoming. If whoever ended up inheriting whatever dosh Clarissa left behind when she keeled over (she blackmailed very successfully, but whoops she ended up dead like so many others when the stakes were high), perhaps they could send me a cut.
I haven’t received any info suggesting that Sir George Oinker became a celeb on the back of my friends and I but Oinker was part of the network that worked to force me out of medical research.
See posts ‘Arthur Dickson Wright – An Appreciation’ and ‘Wimmin’s Wellbeing -The Fortnum and Mason Connection’.
He then entered the Indian Medical Service being gazetted Lieutenant on 29 July 1893, his subsequent promotions being to Captain in 1896, to Major in 1905, Lieutenant-Colonel in 1913 and he retired in that rank in 1921. He was, however, immediately appointed to the Medical Board of the India Office on which he served for twelve years being its President in 1928-33 and being promoted Major-General on 3 November 1928.
As he himself said he joined the IMS “solely in the hope of finding better opportunities for research when there were few openings in Great Britain”, and again “I fear I made little use of the Fellowship except as having been the first to diagnose and operate on biliary abscesses of the liver in 1903 in Calcutta”. A dedicated research worker he did, however, in the course of his regimental duties in various parts of India, demonstrate his abilities as an all-round clinician and public health administrator before devoting himself exclusively to research work. As Professor of Pathology in the Medical College in Calcutta he took the initiative in founding and endowing the School of Tropical Medicine which stands in Calcutta as a permanent memorial to his name. Although his work on cholera, amoebic dysentery and kala-azar saved many, he was proudest at having galvanised interest in leprosy by founding the British Empire Leprosy Relief Association in 1923, he himself having for many years been interested and having devised many improvements in the methods of using chaulmoogra oil in its treatment. In the late nineties he commenced research on snake venom and, in the course of hazardous experiments into its nature, improved the methods of production of antivenene. In 1904, by a brilliant piece of work carried out at the research station at Maktesar near Naini Tal in the Himalayan foothills, he predicted the development of Leishman Donovan bodies outside the blood of man, although he had been forestalled by those two workers in the actual discovery of the parasite of kala-azar in 1903. He next turned his attention to cholera and he proved that the mortality could be substantially reduced by intravenous hypertonic saline and oral potassium permanganate, travelling to Palermo in 1911 to test out his methods in a great epidemic raging in that city. In 1912 he discovered the curative action of emetine in amoebic dysentery and in 1915 made another advance by discovering the use of intravenous tartar emetic in the treatment of kala-azar.
On his return to England he was appointed a physician to the Hospital for Tropical Disease and lecturer to the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Numerous honours and distinctions were awarded him and he had already in 1916 been elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. In 1924 he was Croonian lecturer at the College of Physicians and his distinctions included the Moxon Gold Medal of that College, the Fothergill Gold Medal of the Medical Society of London, the Presidency of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene from 1933 to 1935, the Laveran Medal in 1956 and honorary membership of the Cambridge Philosophical Society.
A prolific writer he published numerous papers and textbooks including one on Tropical Medicine in conjunction with Major-General Sir John Megaw, a friend and contemporary, a book on Dysentery and Bowel Disease in the Tropics and one on Leprosy in conjunction with E Muir. He retained his interest in tropical disease into advanced old age and contributed articles from his home in Cornwall, bombarding younger colleagues with technical advice on medical and financial matters.
In 1926 he had entrusted the Medical Research Council with an endowment for research in tropical medicine and in 1945 he raised this to fifteen thousand pounds. A staunch upholder of the Research Defence Society, he was prepared to mount a soap box in Hyde Park in answer to the anti-vivisectionists.
In 1950 he published his fascinating and modest memoirs Happy Toil (Frederick Muller 1950), which was at first refused by the publishers on the grounds that it was quite impossible for one man to have done so much. In 1953 he received the congratulations of the President and Council on having completed sixty years as a Fellow, and in 1958 at the age of 90 The Lancet published his paper on “The Forecasting and Control of Cholera epidemics in SE Asia and China”.
A forceful, energetic, striking personality, he exerted a memorable influence on his students by whom he was held in great affection. He was, moreover, of a most upright, kindly disposition, ever helpful to his friends. He married in 1914 in his late forties Una Elsie, daughter of C N McIntyre North who died in 1951 and by whom he had three sons, Dr Gordon Leonard Rogers, Professor Claude Ambrose Rogers FRS, Professor of Mathematics in London University, and Dr Stephen Clifford Rogers.
He died in Truro Hospital on 16 September 1962 aged 94, the senior Fellow of both Royal Colleges.
At the time of Leonard Rogers’ death, Gwynne and Dafydd’s were causing havoc for Macmillan’s Gov’t, so much so that Macmillan’s Night Of The Long Knives in July 1962 was undertaken to eject the Cabinet Ministers who were mates with Dafydd and Gwynne. By Sept 1962 the details of the Profumo Affair, in which Dafydd and Gwynne played a part, were being openly gossiped about; in July 1962 the first inklings of a possible Profumo-Keeler-Ivanov triangle had been hinted, in coded terms, in the gossip column of the society magazine Queen.
Dafydd’s mates colonised the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and I now know that was why after I had obtained a place on an MSc in Medical Microbiology there for the 1986-87 academic year, it was unlawfully and inexplicably withdrawn just weeks before I was due to begin the course. That is how I ended up doing the MSc in Experimental Pathology at Royal Postgraduate Medical School/Hammersmith Hospital instead; an even stronger bastion of the Mr Bigs of medicine who were propping up Dafydd and Gwynne. See previous posts.
Having an interest in tropical parasitology would have mean that Leonard Rogers would also have known many of the older zoologists at UCNW in the 1980s or the people who had taught them. The Dept of Zoology was full of old blokes whom we called the Bow Tie Club because they all dressed like something out of the 1940s in tweeds and bow ties and had their lunch in a specially cordoned off part of the Refectory, in which the tables had cloths and cutlery. And the members of the Bow Tie Club were served by the slaves who worked in the Refectory, they didn’t just queue up for the grub like we did.
A lot of the Bow Tie Club did things like tropical parasitology and they were usually Oxbridge graduates, except for Malcolm Cherrett who was a Durham graduate. Durham University was crammed with people facilitating the ring in the North East who swapped staff and children with the Gang in north Wales; Cherrett will have known about them.
In 1920 when Sir Leonard was appointed as medical advisor to the Secretary of State for India, the Secretary of State for India was Edwin Samuel Montagu (6 February 1879-15 November 1924). Montagu served as Secretary of State for India, 1917-22. Montagu was a “radical” Liberal and the third practising Jew (after Sir Herbert Samuel and Sir Rufus Isaacs) to serve in the British Cabinet.
Montagu was the second son and sixth child of Samuel Montagu, 1st Baron Swaythling, by his wife Ellen, daughter of Louis Cohen. He was educated at Clifton College, the City of London School, UCL and Trinity College, Cambridge. At Cambridge, he was the first student president of the Cambridge University Liberal Club 1902-03. In 1902, Montagu was also President of the Cambridge Union. Bertrand Russell had studied at Trinity College in the 1890s, stayed on as a Fellow and then became a lecturer at Trinity in 1910. Russell had a whole collection of friends who were students/graduates/staff of Cambridge, particularly Trinity College.
Montagu was MP for Chesterton, 1906-18 and then represented Cambridgeshire until 1922. He served under H. H. Asquith as Under-Secretary of State for India, 1910-14, as Financial Secretary to the Treasury, 1914-15 and again, 1915-16 and as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, 1915-16. In 1915 Montagu was sworn of the Privy Council. In 1916 he was promoted to Minister of Munitions.
Montagu was a friend of H.H. Asquith, Gertrude Bell, Lord Lloyd, Maurice Hankey and Duff Cooper, with whom he dined frequently. Montagu was initially left out of David Lloyd George‘s Coalition Gov’t in December 1916, but in August 1917 he was appointed Secretary of State for India. Montagu was not part of Lloyd George’s inner circle, when Lloyd George became PM, but he remained in office until his resignation in March 1922.
As Secretary of State, Montagu represented the interests of the British Empire and opposed the most strident Indian nationalists, calling S. Subramania Iyer the “Grand old man of South India.” Montagu was primarily responsible for the Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms which led to the Gov’t of India Act 1919, committing the British to the eventual evolution of India towards dominion status.
Montagu was strongly opposed to Zionism which he called “a mischievous political creed” and opposed the Balfour Declaration of 1917, which he considered anti-Semitic and whose terms he managed to modify. In a memo to the Cabinet, he outlined his views on Zionism thus:
…I assume that it means that Mahommedans [Muslims] and Christians are to make way for the Jews and that the Jews should be put in all positions of preference and should be peculiarly associated with Palestine in the same way that England is with the English or France with the French, that Turks and other Mahommedans in Palestine will be regarded as foreigners, just in the same way as Jews will hereafter be treated as foreigners in every country but Palestine. Perhaps also citizenship must be granted only as a result of a religious test.
Montagu was opposed by his cousin Herbert Samuel, a moderate Zionist who became the first High Commissioner of the British Mandate of Palestine.
In 1912, Montagu accompanied the PM on holiday in Sicily. H. H. Asquith brought along his daughter Violet and she in turn brought her friend Venetia Stanley, daughter of Edward Stanley, 4th Baron Stanley of Alderley. It appears that during this holiday, both men fell in love with Venetia. See previous posts for info re H.H. Asquith, Venetia and their circle.
During the next three years, H.H. Asquith wrote more and more frequently to Venetia. At the same time, Montagu was attempting to court her, unsuccessfully proposing marriage in 1913. Venetia liked him but did not reciprocate his love. Furthermore, Montagu had to marry within his Jewish faith to keep his inheritance. Asquith’s constant demands for advice from Venetia and as a result, she finally accepted Montagu’s proposal on 28 April 1915. She converted to Judaism, and the couple were wed on 26 July 1915.
A 2012 book argues that the marriage was one of convenience to cover both Montagu’s homosexuality and Venetia’s earlier affair with Asquith. Conspiracy of Secrets suggests that this affair had resulted in the 1912 birth of an illegitimate child, Louis Stanley, who grew up to run British Racing Motors.
The marriage was unhappy and Venetia had several affairs, including one with Lord Beaverbrook. In 1923 a child, Judith, was born: legally and socially Judith was Montagu’s daughter, but she was probably fathered by William Humble Eric Ward, then Viscount Ednam and later 3rd Earl of Dudley. Judith grew up to befriend Ma’am Darling during WW II and marry the American photographer Milton Gendel, with whom she created an artistic salon in Italy. They had one child, Anna Mathias (née Gendel), the god-daughter of Ma’am Darling. Princess Margaret.
Despite his wife’s affairs, Montagu’s marriage lasted until his premature death in 1924. His cause of physical deterioration and death at the age of 45 was unknown, but was thought to be either blood poisoning or encephalitis.
Ambrose’s brother Gordon Leonard Rogers, 1916-2006, was Professor of Physical Optics at Aston University. Gordon Rogers had an early career lecturing at the Carnegie Laboratory of Physics at University of Dundee, 1946-51.
The Top Docs who trained at St Andrew’s University, a magnet for the posher than average Top Docs, often worked at Dundee as well, the institutions were linked. Dafydd’s mate Professor Robert Bluglass who concealed the Gang’s criminality in 1988-89 trained at St Andrews and worked at Dundee. See previous posts.
Gordon Rogers then worked at Victoria University College in Wellington, New Zealand from 1952 -55, which was followed by a Principal Lectureship in wave optics at the College of Advanced Technology, Birmingham and a Professorship of Physical Optics at the rebadged University of Aston in Birmingham. Rogers remained an Emeritus Prof at Aston after his retirement.
Brown did his first degree at Aston, 1980-83 and then returned there to work as a lecturer after completing his PhD at Leicester. Aston was incredibly troubled and run by Thatch’s favourite VC Sir Freddie Crawford. Crawford was deeply unpopular, inflicted much damage on the institution and one member of staff whom Brown knew, Ron Easterby, was treated so badly that when he committed suicide many people took the view that Aston had killed Ron. See previous posts. Aston had the highest rate of suicide among students of any UK university and this was partly attributed to the negligence of Philip Cauthery, the student Top Doc. Cauthery was a Sexologist and on the Editorial Board of ‘Forum’ magazine. See previous posts.
Elwyn Edwards, a Prof of Psychology at Aston, was known to invite male freshers to his room for the usual welcome chat and would be there to greet them wearing nothing but a silk dressing gown. He would then proposition them. There were complaints which were discussed at a senior level in the University. No-one was happy about it but it wasn’t stopped.
When Elwyn Edwards died, a flattering obituary for him was published in the Indie, mentioning that Elwyn was a ‘Celt’ (Welshman) who was born in Liverpool. Elwyn Edwards worked at Loughborough University, 1960-76 and then Aston, 1976-84. The year that Brown and I complained about Gwynne, Elwyn Edwards left Aston and became Director of Human Technology, where he remained until his death. Loughborough was on the patch of the Leicestershire ring, which by the late 1970s was linked to the Gang in north Wales.
Elwyn Edwards was an aviation psychologist and had served in the RAF, so he’ll have been someone else with mates in the security services. Edwards had a pilot’s qualification and had been an RAF officer when he undertook his National Service. Edwards trained as a navigator with the Royal Canadian Air Force, was a pilot Liveryman of the Guild of Air Pilots and Air Navigators, a member of the Royal Aeronautical Society and the Royal Institute of Navigation and acted as a consultant to airlines, aircraft manufacturers and avionics companies. Elwyn Edwards also acted as an expert witness in Court cases. Another expert witness upon who’s word the Highest Courts In The Land reply upon:
Elwyn Edwards died on 15 Nov 1993, shortly after I wrote to Michael Mansfield about the excesses of Gwynedd Social Services and their abuse of the criminal justice system, including perjury.
The fond obituary for Elwyn in the Indie was written by Tom Singleton. Who was one of the Profs at Aston who attended the meeting of senior staff who were told just what Elwyn was doing when the freshers turned up for their meet-the-tutor session. Tom’s obituary didn’t mention a word, but I heard all about it from Brown. Full details, the silk dressing gown thing, the ABSENCE OF UNDIES, the offers of sherry and the hand moving towards the undergrad’s leg, I heard the lot and Brown and I screamed with laughter. Elwyn’s friends in MI5 will have heard every word, what with them having placed us under surveillance. I do hope that MI5 noted that Brown wasn’t rude enough to call Elwyn a poof. After Brown had met the staff at Aston he said to me ‘There’s the effete Elwyn Edwards, who runs his hands through his hair and says that when he was at university, there were fresh faced 18 year old straight from school and older experienced men who had completed their National Service…’
This is the Gorgeous Pouting Lord Wyn Roberts, Tory MP for Conwy, 1970-97, who served in the Intelligence Corps when he was doing National Service:
Lord Wyn was one of the bestest friends that Gwynne and Dafydd had, as explained in previous posts. eg. ‘The Cradle Of Filth’. I always remember that Wyn was in the Intelligence Services, then worked in TV, was Thatch’s running dog in the Welsh Office for years and persuaded Thatch to agree to the Welsh Language Act 1993 by colluding in the shafting of me and my friends, but I’ve just noticed other salient roles of Wyn’s that had gone under my radar: President of the University of Wales College of Medicine, 1997-2004 – the Waterhouse Inquiry years and beyond – and Vice-President of Cardiff University, 2004-07. Wyn was in place at Cardiff in time for me completing my PhD, when Cardiff and Bangor were still part of the University of Wales and admin HQ was at Cardiff. And when Cardiff HQ were subjecting Merfyn the then VC of Bangor University to serious grief…
Then there were the revelations that some of the students at Aston from Middle Eastern Royal families had sent their servants over to actually do the degrees and sit the exams but no-one had realised and the degrees had been issued in the names of the Royal students.
Freddie Crawford was highly influential in civic life in Birmingham and after retiring from Aston was appointed the first Chairman of the Criminal Cases Review Commission. The appointment was controversial because of Crawford’s involvement in Freemasonry. Dafydd and Gwynne’s partner gang operated in Birmingham,the key Top Doc of that gang being Professor Robert Bluglass of Birmingham University’s School of Medicine. Bluglass was also Chair of one of the NHS Trusts in Birmingham; he was given that role after he concealed the crimes of the Gang in 1988-89 and concealed the criminality at Ashworth Hospital – which was run by the Gang – in the 1990s. I haven’t yet had time to correlate all the dates and investigate who exactly appointed Bluglass Chair of the NHS Trust.
Freddie Crawford had an off the rails son who was found dead from a drug overdose in an hotel in Israel. Crawford junior was into crime and Class A drugs excess and during his stays in hospital used to boast to the staff that he could do pretty much anything that he wanted without hindrance because his dad would get him out of trouble.
Brown was forced out of his job at Aston in July 1995, after he had written a letter to Gwynedd Community Health Trust confirming that he had listened into the phone call during which Dafydd had told me that he would get me a place at Liverpool Medical School if I withdrew my complaint about him. Elwyn and Freddie’s mates in MI5 will have heard the conversation themselves.
See previous posts for info on Aston and Freddie Crawford.
In 1980, once retired from optical physics, Gordon Rogers inherited Enys Estate and founded the Enys Trust. Gordon Rogers inherited the Enys estate from his cousin, Charles R. S. Rogers, in 1980. Gordon’s father, Leonard, was brother to Charles’ father, Enys Henry. Gordon founded the Enys Trust, in 2002, which now maintains the estate, which is owned jointly by his children.
The website of Enys Gardens tell us that:
Enys Henry Rogers (Harry) was the eldest son of Henry Rogers and Jane Mary Enys (1835-1874) and he inherited the estate on the death of his uncle in 1913 and took the Enys surname. He was an ordained minister of the Church of England and married an American, Sarah Louise Duffus, in 1896. It would appear that he did little to improve or enhance the grounds. Charles Reginald Saltren Rogers (1897-1980), Saltren, as he was known, was the only son of Harry and Sadie Enys. He was trained to enter the Church, but remained an unordained clerk in holy orders. For much of the time he owned Enys, his eccentric sister Elizabeth, known as Betty, lived in the Enys Cottages in the grounds, and the Gardens and Mansion fell further into disrepair.
Gordon Leonard Rogers (1916-2006). In 1980 Professor Gordon Leonard Rogers, a retired optical physicist, inherited the estate. He was the eldest son of the distinguished research doctor Sir Leonard Rogers, who was a brother of Harry Rogers. About half the Estate had to be sold to pay inheritance tax when Gordon took over, a task which took nine years and left the Estate impoverished. As a result, what little money there was had to be directed to parts of the Estate which were occupied and active, though he maintained the Gardens as funds allowed. Upon his death the Estate passed to his children Wendy Fowler and Chris Rogers, who have been continuing their father’s work of sustaining and improving the Estate.
Dr Stephen Clifford Rogers is/was the twin brother of Ambrose but I haven’t been able to find out anything about him.
John Bernard Philip Humbert de Salis, 9th Count de Salis-Soglio,TD, John da Buri, Graf v. Salis-Soglio, (London, 16 November 1947-Cà Buri, Mezzane di Sotto, Veneto, Italy 14 March 2014); SRIComes, Illustris et Magnificus; former ICRC delegate and envoy; Knight Grand Cross of Honour and Devotion (2000) of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (knight, 1974), and Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Order of Malta with Swords, first ambassador of the Order to Thailand 1986-98, Cambodia 1993-98, president of its Swiss Association (1995-2000) and of CIOMAL (Comité International de l’Ordre de Malte), 2000–08; British soldier and lawyer; Valpolicella vigneron and hereditary Knight of the Golden Spur.
A Count of the Holy Roman Empire (Reichsgraf), (created by letters patent dated Vienna, 12 March 1748 for Envoy Peter de Salis-Soglio (1675-1749), of Chur and Chiavenna, and his son Jerome (Naturalized British in 1731), by Emperor Francis I), John de Salis was the only child of Lt. Colonel John Eugène, 8th Count de Salis (1891-1949), Irish Guards, by his Roman wife Maria Camilla (1926-1953), daughter of General Umberto Presti di Camarda by Teresa (d.1993), daughter of Filippo Nereo Vignola, of Mezzane and Verona.
The grandson of the British diplomat, Irish landowner and Catholic re-convert Sir John Francis Charles, 7th Count de Salis-Soglio, his earliest years were spent at 10 Priory Walk, Kensington, and 26 Roedean Crescent, Roehampton Gate, SW15. His father died when he was under two and his mother when he was five, his step-father when he was 10 and one of his two paternal uncles when he was four. His paternal grandparents had also died, in 1902 and 1939, so he was subsequently brought-up, inter-alia, by Franco-Belgian cousins in France (the widow and family of the 3rd Duc de Magenta at Sully, in particular), his remaining paternal uncle in Wiltshire, and his Veronese maternal grandmother, Teresa Vignola Presti.
He was educated at Downside, read law at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge (LLB (1972) and LLM), and was called to the Bar, Gray’s Inn (1970). Later he was a tenant and then door-tenant, at 1 Brick Court, Middle Temple, EC4, and from 1972 lived at 12 First Street, SW3 and then from 1975 in two houses knocked together at 28 Upper Cheyne Row, Chelsea, SW3. Whilst in London he was also a member of the board of management of the Hospital of St John and St Elizabeth.
Alongside learning and practicing the law he served in the Cambridge University Officer Training Corps (CUOTC), the HAC (within the Territorial and Army Volunteer Reserve), then in 1972, after meeting its then Colonel, Viscount Monckton, one of whose sisters-in-law happened to be married to one of John’s first cousins, transferred to the 9th/12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales’s). He was with them in Northern Ireland and retired a (Brevet) Major in 1988, having circa 1984 been awarded the Territorial Decoration.
The combination of law of war, humanitarian instincts, soldiering and some family precedent (his father had been the Knight of Justice of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem delegate for the revision of the Geneva Convention in July 1929) lead De Salis to become the delegate of International Committee of the Red Cross Missions in the Middle East (Beirut, 1982) and Africa (Rhodesia), and head of delegation in Iraq (1980–81) and Thailand (1981-84, Cambodian refugees), and their special envoy in Lebanon (1982). In July 1983 de Salis wrote: “It is a heartbreaking fact that ICRC being essentially concerned with the victims of armed conflicts, is more directly concerned operationally with the relief of suffering rather than its abolition.”
On leaving England and moving to Switzerland he became a special officer in the Swiss Army’s Panzergrenadiers, and set about a new career as a financier: as partner of Gautier Salis et Cie Geneva (1989–96), vice-chairman of Bank Lips Zurich (1996–98), managing director of European Capital Partners (Switzerland) SA (1999-), and as director of Amadeus SA Geneva (2000-).]
This volume pictured above is Robert Burton’s ‘The Anatomy of Melancholy’ (1621). Someone who was despairing of the mental health services some 15 years ago recommended it to me and observed that in many ways Robert Burton had a better grasp of mental illness than present day psychiatry. After I read ‘The Anatomy Of Melancholy’ I had to agree.
In the meantime [De Salis] had taken over his grandmother’s 160 acre farm in the Valle di Buri, Mezzane di Sotto and developed it from dairy to vineyard. By 2010 Conti de Salis-Soglio Wines Verona had taken shape, partly inspired by his courageous and visionary Valtelline cousin Conte Cesare Sertoli Salis of Tirano and Milan (1952-2005) and his Canua Sforzato, akin to Valpolicella’s Amarone. John’s eighteenth century ancestors, 3rd Count Peter in particular, had also been growers of hemp and vines in eighteenth century Valtelline.
In addition to the above Count de Salis was a member of the British Association of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta; had the Gold Medal with Swords (Beirut) 1982; was a Knight of Justice of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George; a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the White Elephant (Thailand); and an hereditary Knight of the Golden Spur (Eques Auratus) (1571).
He was next male representative of Charles, second and last Viscount Fane and Baron of Loughuyre (aka Lough Gur), and of Vice-Admiral Francis William Drake, of Hillingdon, sometime governor of Newfoundland (1752-4), younger brother of the last Drake baronet of Buckland Abbey, and thus heir-general of Admiral Sir Francis Drake himself. His only listed recreation was melancholia.
He was firstly married to Samaritana Contessina di Serego della Scala (born 1950 in Verona, Italy), daughter of Dr. Cortesia Conte di Serego, on 20 January 1973. Months later their marriage was annulled and then dissolved in 1985. They had no children.
He then married (Vers l’Eglise, Vaud 1986) Marie-Claude (born in 1956 in Geneva), third daughter of Swiss Army Colonel René-Henri Wüst and Marie-Thérèse Bussard. The couple had three children:
- John-Maximilian Henry Fane de Salis, 10th Count de Salis-Soglio (b. 1986)
- Lara Anastasia Fane de Salis (b. 1995)
- Camille Charlotte Fane de Salis (b. 1995)
The Torygraph obituary for John de Salis, 8 Apr 2014:
De Salis held the title of the 9th Count de Salis (a Holy Roman Empire titlecreated in 1748) . He spoke perfect French and Italian, fair German and some Thai. He twice served as the head of Red Cross delegations: first in Iraq, in 1980-81, and then in Thailand, where between 1981 and 1984 he was responsible for the Red Cross camps on the Cambodian border, running a mission of 600 staff caring for several hundred thousand refugees during the Khmer Rouge period; it was the largest Red Cross operation ever mounted.
John de Salis presenting his letters of Credence as the Ambassador of the Order of Malta to the King of Thailand:
In August 1982 he was seconded as Special Envoy to Lebanon during the siege of Beirut — a position that involved not only great responsibility but also considerable danger .
De Salis took pride in his ancestry. The first Salis to be ennobled was Rudolph von Salis, created a baron of the Holy Roman Empire in 1582 for his gallantry against the Turks. An ancestor in the 19th century turned down abaronetcy, considering it an inferior honour to the title Count de Salis – a view strongly shared by his descendant John.
John Bernard Philip Humbert de Salis was born on November 16 1947. His father, the 8th Count de Salis, a lieutenant-colonel in the Irish Guards, died when he was two; his Italian mother, born Camilla Presti di Camarda, diedwhen he was five.
Gordon McGregor Reid (born 9 February 1948) was Director General and Chief Executive of the North of England Zoological Society, popularly known as Chester Zoo. He stepped down in 2010. The North of England Zoological Society is an independent charity for conservation, education and science.
Under Gordon McGregor Reid’s leadership, this major wildlife attraction has gained more than 100 international, national and regional awards for success in conservation, environment management education, science, and business excellence, including the Queen’s Award for Enterprise in the category of Sustainable Development–the highest business accolade in the UK.
From humble beginnings as a 16-year-old technician in the zoology department at Glasgow University, Gordon rose to conduct leading research into aquatic life in Botswana and Nigeria. He completed his PhD at King’s College, London with a thesis on the morphology of tropical fish.
In recent years, Gordon has taken Chester Zoo from strength to strength to its current position as the sixth largest visitor attraction in the UK, with 6,000 animals of 600 species, half of them on the World Conservation Union’s endangered list.
In 2008 Gordon was made an Honorary Doctor in Science for his contribution to knowledge of the natural world from the Faculty of Science and Engineering at Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU). The conservation work of the zoo spans more than 50 countries, including Kenya, where it works with MMU’s Behaviour and Ecology Group on the Chyulu Project for Rhino Conservation. MMU is soon to embark on a new Masters programme in Zoo Conservation Biology, jointly run with Chester Zoo.
Gordon Reid has served as President of the Linnean Society of London (2003-2006), President of rECOrd (Local Biological Records Centre for Cheshire), and President of the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums.
Gordon has been awarded:
IUCN-CBSG Ulysses Seal Medal for Conservation Innovation; Gold Medal of North of England Zoological Society;E.D. Le Cren Medal of the Fisheries Society of the British Isles; Heini Hediger Award of the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums; IUCN Chair’s Citation for Excellence; ZSL Award for Outstanding Contributions to the Zoo Community; EAZA Lifetime Achievements Award for Conservation, Education and Science; DSc (and Medal) Manchester Metropolitan University; DSc University of Chester; Honorary Fellowship Liverpool John Moore’s University.
It was in 2006 that Gordon became an honorary Fellow of Liverpool John Moores University, of which Cherie was Chancellor, 1999-2006 (see previous posts, including ‘International Finance, With Grateful Thanks To Gwynne’).
Presented by: Professor Frank Sanderson
Honourable Pro-Chancellor, I have pleasure in presenting Gordon McGregor Reid for the award of an Honorary Fellowship of Liverpool John Moores University.
Gordon McGregor Reid is Director General and Chief Executive of The North of England Zoological Society, popularly known as Chester Zoo. The Society is an independent charity for conservation, education and science and receives no state subsidy. It is one of the leading wildlife attractions in the UK with well over one million paying guests each year providing the main source of income. The Society’s annual turnover is about £30M and it employs just under 500 staff who look after about 6,000 animals of 600 species. Approximately half of these animals are on the World Conservation Union Red List of endangered species. The conservation outreach work of the Zoo spans more than 50 countries in five continents, with substantial and growing investment.
Under Gordon McGregor Reid’s leadership, this major wildlife attraction has gained more than 100 international, national and regional awards for success in conservation, environment management education, science, and business excellence, including two Queen’s Awards for Enterprise in the category of Sustainable Development – the highest business accolade in the UK. And Gordon has embryonic plans to create a SuperZoo, trebled in size, creating many new jobs and attracting thousands more visitors. – a vision of a truly world class attraction which would also be a global centre for conservation sustainability.
Gordon was born in 1948 and brought up in Glasgow. As a child he showed his entrepreneurial spirit by breeding, rearing and trading in tropical fish. He left school at 16 and became a technician in the Zoology department at Glasgow University. At 18, he went on VSO to Botswana teaching Angolan refugees how to catch and process fish. Next came Nigeria at the end of the Biafran War where he conducted the first systematic survey of freshwater fish.
Prof Harold Scarborough, who was a key element at the Welsh National School of Medicine in the 1950s when it teamed up with George Thomas and was run for the benefit of child molesters and then expanded its remit to that of an international trafficking business , spent years in Nigeria, including Biafra after the Biafran War, ‘establishing medical schools’. See post ‘International Finance, With Grateful Thanks To Gwynne’.
By this time, he had come to the attention of the Natural History Museum which provided him with a scholarship for his undergraduate studies in Cardiff. Thereafter he completed his PhD at the University of London with a thesis on the morphology of tropical fishes. Whilst doing his PhD, Gordon married Sally Linfield who is present today to share in the occasion.
After the PhD, it was back to Nigeria to continue his aquatic research and then to Liverpool ultimately as Keeper of Collections, including Living Collections, for Liverpool Museum. From Liverpool, he went to the Horniman Museum in London as the Keeper of Natural History Collections. Whilst in London, he became a government-appointed Inspector of Zoos and was then appointed as Chief Curator of Chester Zoo in 1992.
My career and the careers of three other witnesses had been safely destroyed by then.
He subsequently became Director and then Director-General in 2005.
The esteem in which Gordon is held nationally and internationally is evident from his CV. He has authored more than 100 scientific publications in the areas of zoology, ecology and conservation and he is a frequent invited key-note speaker at home and abroad. He has acted as a consultant for Conservation International, Fauna and Flora International, British Executive Services Overseas and the World Wide Fund for Nature. And he has been a Visiting Research Fellow at the Smithsonian Institution.
Two African species of fish new to science have been named in his honour: He has gained a Guest of Honour award from the Government of Bolivia in recognition of work in conservation and ecotourism; and Honorary Membership of the Bolivian College of Veterinary Medicine for work in animal welfare.
From 2003-06, he served as President of the Linnean Society of London – the world’s oldest learned Society for botany and zoology. His current roles include: Trustee National Museums Merseyside Global Chair the World Conservation Union Freshwater Fish Specialist Group Trustee of the Frozen Ark, a cryobiological consortium focused on conserving the genomes of rare species. Council Member and chair of the Research Committee of the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria.
In 2005, he became President-Elect of the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Gordon McGregor Reid turned his early interest in tropical fish into a productive academic and career pursuit which has led to him being widely feted at home and abroad for his work on tropical fish, animal welfare and the conservation of endangered species. In recent years, he has taken Chester Zoo from strength to strength as a major visitor attraction – now the sixth largest visitor attraction in the UK -, resulting in the achievement of many international, national and regional awards.
And his vision of a world-class SuperZoo raises exciting prospects for the future of the North of England Zoological Society.
He has had and still retains strong links with Liverpool, through both universities and through his trusteeship of the National Museums. He has made, and continues to make, an outstanding contribution to the region and we are delighted to honour him today.
Thus I have pleasure in presenting Professor Gordon McGregor Reid, this most distinguished person and adopted son of our region, for admission to our highest honour of Fellow of Liverpool John Moores University.
Here’s the Chancellor of LJMU with another distinguished Fellow:
On 9 July 2008, MMU awarded Gordon his honorary doctorate:
In 2008, the year that Gordon received his doctorate from MMU, Betty Williams, the then Labour MP for Conwy and a Gang member(see previous posts), arrived at Bangor University with Charlie Falconer, who had come to give a lecture on the Human Rights Act. After the lecture, Betty Williams announced that she thought that we ought to know that Nerys, the VC’s wife was ill. Very, very ill. Sort of dying. We were astounded because none of us had any idea; when we subsequently found out that it was true but Merfyn had been protecting Nerys’s privacy, I thought ‘Isn’t that typical of Betty Williams, rude, intrusive and unpleasant.’ Nerys died a few months later after Dafydd’s mates at the Walton Centre just couldn’t help…
It took a while for me to realise that Betty was letting us know that Fings Break.
Charlie Falconer had been Miranda’s flatmate in Wandsworth when they were junior barristers. Dafydd and Gwynne’s partner gang ran the ring in Wandsworth, facilitated by the Top Docs of St George’s Hospital Medical School and Springfield Hospital. Miranda was a pupil barrister of George Carman QC, the violent, alcoholic, corrupt barrister who concealed Gwynne and Dafydd’s crimes and the wider Westminster Paedophile Ring. Cherie worked in Carman’s Chambers until 1988.
Gordon Reid’s certainly clocking up the honours and awards:
In February 2014, Gordon McGregor Reid received the SSC [Species Survival Commission] Chair’s Citation of Excellence in recognition for his exemplary, visionary and charismatic leadership of the Freshwater Fish Specialist Group, between 2004 and 2013. The Citation of Excellence, created in 2004, is awarded in recognition of outstanding contributions to the SSC.
Credits : IUCN Species Survival Commission
“In gaining the IUCN SSC Chair’s Citation of Excellence, I hugely appreciate the immense compliment paid to me personally and also to the North of England Zoological Society (Chester Zoo), its Trustees and staff. No one achieves such prestigious awards on their own. The Zoo has been working in close partnership with the IUCN (formerly the World Conservation Union, of which we are a member) for more than 30 years now. We see the IUCN Species Survival Commission as a leading body and ‘guiding light’ for global species conservation. We have, over the years, worked with many SSC Specialist Groups, notably: the Conservation Breeding SG, Reintroduction SG, Asian Elephant SG, Amphibian Ark (IUCN CBSG in partnership with WAZA) and, of course, the Freshwater Fish SG.
Liz Howe was a PhD student in the Dept of Zoology at UCNW specialising in amphibians when I encountered Gwynne and war was subsequently declared on me. I knew Liz quite well – she was Liz Pulford then – and her boyfriend Mike Howe, another zoology PhD student. By the time that my friend Anne was killed by the Gang in April 1986 Liz and Anne knew Liz each other well. Liz’s obituary appeared in ‘The Guardian’ recently. She died from cancer at 59 years old in March 2019. Bechod, the doctors did their best…
Liz Howe. Another witness gone.
I have been very involved with all of these foregoing groups; but most closely with the FFSG, where I recently stepped down as Global Chair after nearly a decade of voluntary service. In about 2001, I was approached by Dr Will Darwall, Head of the IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit about bringing the (then defunct) FFSG under my chairmanship. They wanted me to develop it as a partnership between the IUCN SSC and Wetlands International. I was pleased to take on this large task because my early training was in fish, fisheries and freshwater biology at the University of Glasgow, at the British Museum of Natural History; and in the wild in Africa and elsewhere overseas.
By 2004, the FFSG moved from being an informal collective of conservation enthusiasts to a fully reconstituted body, officially recognized and co-governed by the SSC and Wetlands International. FFSG fish conservation conferences for ‘fish heads’ have been organized on a biennial basis, to date; as well as IUCN Red List training workshops at home and abroad to accurately determine the threat status of thousands of fish species. To assist in the large and growing task of the day-to-day management of the FFSG, the Trustees of the Zoo kindly agreed to me appointing a part-time Programme Officer: first Claudine Gibson; later Katalin Csatádi; and, most recently, Suzanne Turnock who is still in this role. I could not have done without this truly excellent and dedicated support, and that of many other Zoo staff and FFSG members, including Rachel Roberts of IUCN SSC headquarters.
As can be seen from checking out the FFSG website, we have grown to a substantial organization with a global remit in the conservation of freshwater fish and their habitats. We now have over 150 Members and 18 Regional Chairs around the world. There are many active and diverse FFSG programmes, projects and partnerships in support of conservation off-site and in the wild. Some examples of high profile activities in conjunction with Chester Zoo are, e.g. Mexican Fish Ark, Global Freshwater Fish Bioblitz, World Fish Migration Day …. I have now handed over to the new FFSG Chair, Dr Richard Sneider, and his Technical Officer, Dr Ian Harrison. I am very happy to see that the organization is in safe hands. I wish all my friends and colleagues in the FFSG all good fortune in continuing to conserve fishes and habitats; and I intend to remain active myself, but in a far more modest capacity!”.
Can I just warn all the natural scientists who knew me (and Anne) at UCNW in the 1980s that no matter how much toadying you have all done over the last 30 years, you are almost certainly not in safe hands where the Top Docs are concerned. Just look at who has died and under what circumstances. As scientists you will know that while it is not impossible, it is statistically highly improbable…
Gordon Reid has such a heavy internet presence that I don’t have the capacity in this post is do justice to him here; interested readers can just google him and look at the millions that flowed into Chester Zoo under Gordon’s leadership or take a look at the expansionist plans of the organisations that Gordon has graced. Gordon is a fish biologist. It used to be damn near impossible to get funding or jobs in that field. UCNW had one of the most thriving teams in the 1980s under Dr Tony Pitcher. See previous posts for details of Pitcher, who cohabited with his research assistant and shafted PhD students so badly that one day one of them got completely pissed in the pub in Bangor, went back to the Zoology Dept armed with a broken bottle, held Pitcher hostage in the Dept and frightened the living daylights out of him. The PhD student was not kicked out because Eric Sunderland was reminded of a few things…
Well it just goes to show, there’s one rule for Bangor students who refuse to have sex with disgusting old Top Docs running a trafficking ring and another for PhD students who cause a major scandal! Isn’t that so Prof George F. Turner, World Authority On Cichlid Fish, Previously Of Glasgow Medical School?
Not that George will be under any illusions about what can happen to people at the hands of the Top Docs; he knows what a bunch of absolute bastards they are from his days at Glasgow School of Medicine… I’ll say that for George, I never heard Ah they were wonderful from him. He didn’t mince the swear words when he remembered how fucking vile and up their own butts they were at Glasgow…
I am wondering whether the careers of Gordon (or indeed George, Liz or any of the other zoologists who knew Anne and me at UCNW) have since 1984 crossed the path of David Attenborough; I haven’t yet had time to dig. David Attenborough’s father Frederick was the Principal of University College, Leicester, 1939-51. The staff and senior managers of Leicester University were colluding with the ring in Leicestershire and they played the same game as those in UCNW; ‘We’re going to tell, we’re going to tell…’ As with north Wales there were some public figures involved in the Leicestershire ring – which by the 1970s was directly linked to the Gang -and goodies and opportunities were on offer to those who kept quiet.
In 2010 David Attenborough appeared at a special ceremony at Bangor University and was awarded an honorary Fellowship, along with Rhodri Morgan and Desmond Tutu. Desmond was great, non-pompous, thanked the cleaners and everyone who is usually ignored and led the audience in a bit of singing. Attenborough didn’t actually know where he was; he talked about being delighted to be on Anglesey, so he obviously hadn’t noticed that he had got off the train before reaching Anglesey.
The ceremony was odd in that numerous people turned up who didn’t usually turn up to such events and they were all people who were trying to get Merfyn the VC out of his job. A number of them from the NW Wales NHS Trust tried to openly intimidate me and the CEO of the Trust, Martin Jones, approached me with his fist raised when he saw me in a corridor with no witnesses. Martin was just about to thump me when my mate jumped out from behind a pillar, having been told not to leave me out of sight at any point in view of the identities of some of those who had turned up to the ceremony.
I didn’t realise at the time that Rhodri Morgan was one of those who was giving Merfyn a bad time and neither did I realise how many leaders and even founders of the Anti-Apartheid Movement were personally concealing the criminality of Dafydd and Gwynne.
So who nominated Attenborough for a Bangor University Fellowship and why?
My first reason for wishing to review this book is that it gives me an opportunity to make public acknowledgment of a debt which not only I but many writers of my generation owe to Mr. Ackerley. He informs us that he became Literary Editor of The Listener in 1935, but of his work there he says not a word. Those of us, however, who were starting our literary careers at the time have very good cause to remember how much he did for us: The Listener was one of our main outlets. More surprisingly, he says nothing about his intimate friends in the literary world, of whom there were many,including E. M. Forster. He says that he went to work for the BBC because he felt he had failed in his ambition to become a writer himself. On first reading this statement seems absurd: though he published only four books in his lifetime, all were enthusiastically received by the reviewers, and are just as good reading today as when they first appeared. I think, though, I understand what he means, namely, that he discovered that he could not create imaginary characters and situations: all his books were based on journals, whether written down or kept in his head.
In My Father and Myself, Mr. Ackerley strictly limits himself to two areas of his life, his relations with his family and his sex-life. His account of the latter, except for its happy ending, is very sad reading indeed. Few, if any, homosexuals can honestly boast that their sex-life has been happy, but Mr. Ackerley seems to have been exceptionally unfortunate. All sexual desire presupposes that the loved one is in some way “other” than the lover: the eternal and, probably, insoluble problem for the homosexual is finding a substitute for the natural differences, anatomical and psychic, between a man and a woman. The luckiest, perhaps, are those who, dissatisfied with their own bodies, look for someone with an Ideal physique; the ectomorph, for example, who goes formesomorphs. Such a difference is a real physical fact and, at least until middle age, permanent: those for whom it is enough are less likely to make emotional demands which their partner cannot meet. Then, so long as they don’t get into trouble with the police, those who like “chicken” have relatively few problems: among thirteen- and fourteen-year-old boys there are a great many more Lolitas than the public suspects. It is when the desired difference is psychological or cultural that the real trouble begins.
That’s the only problem when people like W. H. Auden have sex with the chicken/13 year old male Lolitas who are to be found on every corner. Or in the children’s homes of north Wales.
Mr. Ackerley, like many other homosexuals, wanted his partner to be “normal.” That in itself is no problem, for very few males are so “normal”that they cannot achieve orgasm with another male. But this is exactly what a homosexual with such tastes is unwilling to admit. His daydream is that a special exception has been made in his case out of love; his partner would never dream of going to bed with any other man.…
The rest of this article is behind a paywall but what I have read so far is so intriguing that I really must dig further…
Meanwhile here’s a few Interesting Facts about W.H. Auden:
Wystan Hugh Auden (21 February 1907-29 September 1973). Auden’s poetry was noted for its stylistic and technical achievement, its engagement with politics, morals, love, and religion, and its variety in tone, form and content.
Auden was born in York and grew up in and near Birmingham. He attended English public schools and studied at Christ Church, Oxford. After a few months in Berlin in 1928–29, Auden spent five years (1930–35) teaching in British public schools, then travelled to Iceland and China in order to write books about his journeys.
In 1939 Auden moved to the United States and became an American citizen in 1946. He taught from 1941 to 1945 in American universities, followed by occasional visiting professorships in the 1950s. From 1947 to 1957 he wintered in New York and summered in Ischia, Italy. From 1958 until the end of his life Auden wintered in New York (in Oxford in 1972–73) and summered in Kirchstetten, Lower Austria.
Auden came to wide public attention with his first book ‘Poems’ at the age of 23 in 1930. Three plays written in collaboration with Christopher Isherwood between 1935 and 1938 built Auden’s reputation as a left-wing political writer. From 1956 to 1961 Auden was Professor of Poetry at Oxford.
Auden and Isherwood maintained a lasting but intermittent sexual friendship from around 1927 to 1939, while both had briefer but more intense relations with other men. In 1939, Auden fell in love with Chester Kallman and regarded their relationship as a marriage, but this ended in 1941 when Kallman refused to accept the faithful relations that Auden demanded. The two maintained their friendship and from 1947 until Auden’s death they lived in the same house or apartment in a non-sexual relationship.
Auden’s father George Augustus Auden (1872–1957) was a Top Doctor and his mother Constance Rosalie Auden (née Bicknell; 1869–1941), had trained (but never served) as a missionary nurse. Auden was the third of three sons; the eldest, George Bernard Auden (1900–1978), became a farmer, while the second, John Bicknell Auden (1903–1991), became a geologist.
Auden’s grandfathers were both C of E clergymen. Auden grew up in a High Church household. Auden traced his love of music and language partly to the church services of his childhood.
Auden’s family moved to Solihull in 1908, where his father had been appointed the School Medical Officer and Lecturer (later Professor) of Public Health. Auden’s lifelong psychoanalytic interests began in his father’s library. From the age of eight he attended boarding schools, returning home for holidays. Until Auden was 15, he expected to become a mining engineer, but his passion for words had already begun. He wrote later: “words so excite me that a pornographic story, for example, excites me sexually more than a living person can do.”
Auden attended St Edmund’s School, Hindhead, Surrey, where he met Christopher Isherwood, who’s family lived on their estate on the Derbyshire/Cheshire border. At thirteen Auden went to Gresham’s School in Norfolk. In 1922, while at Gresham’s School, Auden’s friend Robert Medley asked him if he wrote poetry, Auden first realised his vocation was to be a poet. Robert Medley was friends with Vanessa Bell of the Bloomsbury Group and studied at the Slade School of Fine Art in 1925. Sir Clough studied at the Slade.
Auden later wrote a chapter on Gresham’s for Graham Greene‘s The Old School: Essays by Divers Hands (1934). Graham Greene’s brother Hugh Carlton Greene was the DG of the BBC, 1960-69. Greene was a mate of King of the Westminster Swingers Richard Crossman. Hugh Greene was perceived by some as licentious and dragging the BBC into the gutter re the Filth as seen on TV by Mary Whitehouse. Harold Wilson appointed BMA Leader Top Doc Lord Charles Hill as Chairman of the BBC in 1967, which led to Hugh Greene resigning in 1969 – Charles Hill was far more culpable than Hugh Greene, was one of Gwynne and Dafydd’s mates and did a great deal more to protect Savile and other problems at the BBC than Greene ever did. Hill robustly protected Dafydd and others criminals in medicine until his death on 22 Aug 1989. Hill had held posts in Macmillan’s Cabinet, including as Minister of Housing, Local Gov’t and Welsh Affairs from Oct 1961 until he was kicked out in the Night Of The Long Knives.
Hugh Carleton Greene and his brothers all worked for the security services. Although Charles Hill was a better defender of sex offenders that Hugh Greene, Hugh was pretty good at it as well. Hugh’s brother Raymond Greene was a Top Doc who joined the 1933 Everest expedition as senior doctor. Greene qualified as a Top Doc in 1927. In 1931 Greene was part of the team which climbed Kamet (at the time, the highest mountain to have been climbed), and in 1933 he was on the fourth British expedition to Everest led by Hugh Ruttledge . In 1953 when Sir Charles Evans et al scaled the peak, it was Greene who made the announcement on the BBC. During WW II, Greene worked as a Top Doctor with SOE and as advisor to the armed forces on the effects of high altitude and cold on the human body.
Greene became an expert in endocrine diseases (and frostbite). It was Greene who is credited with coining the term “pre-menstrual tension”. I’m not sure that he did women many favours there. Greene’s work into PMT was used in a criminal case by Counsel defending a woman accused of murder. Ah the doctors Understand! No they don’t, they pathologized women and for every St Helena who used Greene’s work to defend a client, there were many more people who used it for entirely negative reasons.
Raymond Greene was Chairman of Heinemann Medical Books, 1960-80. He was a fellow of the Royal Zoological Society and diagnosed and treated thyroid problems in Guy the gorilla at the London Zoo. Greene was also medical advisor to President Charles de Gaulle during his State Visit to England in 1960 and was awarded the Legion of Honour of France. His autobiography, Moments of Being, was published in 1974.
Raymond was a buddy of Sir Charles Evans.
The Greene brothers who seem to have been passionate about protecting sex offenders were the sons of Charles Henry Greene, Headmaster of Berkhamsted School, and his wife (and cousin), Marion Raymond, the daughter of the Rev Carleton Greene, Vicar of Great Barford.
The dear old Royal College Of Physicians ‘Lives Of The Fellows’ doesn’t let us down re Raymond Greene. Here’s their tribute:
Charles Raymond Greene: b.17 April 1901 d.6 December 1982
BA Oxon(1924) MA(1927) MRCS LRCP(1928) BM BCh(1929) MRCP(1943) FRCP(1964)
Raymond Greene was born into a united and talented family. Of his brothers, one was to become the distinguished author Graham Greene and another was to be Sir Hugh Carlton Greene, one time director general of the BBC. Like his brothers, Raymond was educated at Berkhamsted School, where his father was headmaster. He went up to Pembroke College, Oxford, as senior open scholar and Theodore Williams scholar in medicine. From there he went to the Westminster Hospital with a scholarship in anatomy and physiology. He graduated in 1927 and did a number of resident jobs at the Westminster Hospital.
My post ‘Successful Surgery On King George VI!’ discussed the Westminster Hospital’s status as an institution that was one of those facilitating the Westminster Paedophile Ring which attracted students from Wales and enjoyed the status of hosting Welsh Royal Doc Sir Clement Price Thomas, who carried out the Successful Surgery on King George VI, from which George VI never recovered and died five months later. Wilfred and Dannie Abse, pals of Dafydd and Gwynne, trained at the Westminster because it was so useful for expanding the family business or organised abuse.
He was offered a registrarship in paediatrics but had to refuse this on financial grounds as his father had been forced by illness to retire early. A brief spell with a well organized general practice in Wisbech gave him an enthusiasm for family doctoring and he happily joined Dr Counsell in a large practice in Oxford. Here he loved the social mix of his patients and developed his skills as a very personal doctor. Dr Counsell proved to be a most accommodating senior partner, as he allowed Raymond to continue his career as a mountaineer.
Doctoring could indeed be very accommodating to the right people. Charles Evans was a neurosurgeon in Liverpool, 1947-58, but it was quipped that he spent much more time in the Himalayas than in the operating theatre. Yet Evans not only retained his post in Liverpool, but he lost so much operating technique from lack of practice that he was eventually dissuaded from continuing neurosurgery and was contained within general surgery. Charles Evans being what he was, it will have not been easy to stop him operating. I would like to find out which patients Evans killed before he was ordered to step out of neurosurgery, because that is what will have happened.
Charles Evans’s friend Ann McCandless was a Lady Doctor who was also a mountaineer. Ann was from a grand US family, was incredibly offensive and was probably the last person on earth who should have become a paediatrician. But she did and she spent a career among Top Docs who were facilitating organised abuse. Whether McCandless was concerned about it I don’t know, but she will have known what was happening. See previous posts.
Raymond had learnt from his father how to climb in the Lake District and he had spent much of his undergraduate time climbing in the Lakes and the Alps. So it was not surprising that he joined the Himalayan expedition to Mount Kamet in 1931. He proved to be a strong climber and an equable team member. As a doctor he developed an interest in the problems of high altitude and cold. In pursuing this subject he was Schorstein research fellow of Oxford University from 1932 to 1934. The highlight of his career as a climber came with his membership of the 1933 Everest expedition. These experiences led to his training of commandos during the second world war,
Ah they’re so Caring!
and his appointment by the Royal College of Surgeons as Hunterian professor in 1943 when he lectured on injury due to cold.
Returning to general practice after the Everest venture, he married Eleanor Craven of the USA and achieved his DM (Oxon) in 1935. His interest in endocrinology gradually grew, at first by working as clinical assistant at the Radcliffe and the endocrine clinic of the Westminster Hospital. When war came he started his career as a hospital physician, being attached to a sector hospital in Aylesbury and teaching medicine to the students of the Middlesex Hospital.
Gwynne studied at the Middlesex. The Middlesex provided lifelong armour plating for Gwynne because of it’s many Royal associations. Not only was Alexander Teck aka the Earl of Athlone, Queen Mary’s brother the Chairman of the Governors for many years, but the Middlesex also hosted Royal Doc Sir William Gilliatt – who delivered Carlo and Anne – and then his son Roger, Lord Snowdon’s bestest mate, as a student. Gwynne was taught by Sir William and was I think just a bit older than Roger, but Gwynne knew and benefited from both Gilliatts. See previous posts for info on the Middlesex, located most conveniently for facilitating organised abuse being near Bloomsbury and Soho and the Gilliatts.
He still found time for personal study and passed the MRCP examination in 1943.
This wasn’t an indication of Greene’s superhuman qualities. It was because they really did get away with a great deal in that era. Med students and junior docs today work hard academically and if they don’t, they will fail. Medicine until the 1970s was extraordinary in its accommodation of academic duffers. Students and junior docs were horrendously bullied by their seniors and junior docs worked dangerously long hours, but academically the standards were incredibly low in spite of all the pompousing.
At the end of the war he set up practice in Harley Street and became physician to the Metropolitan Hospital. When the National Health Service was inaugurated he had become consulting physician to the Royal Northern Hospital and to the thyroid clinic at New End Hospital, Hampstead. This clinic had been set up by the LCC and developed by Jack Linnell and Sir Geoffrey Keynes.
With the expert surgical help of Jack Piercy, Raymond made New End into a leading centre for the study and treatment of thyroid disease, and then expanded the unit to cover the whole of endocrinology. At the Royal Northern he continued to be a very general physician and was elected FRCP in 1954. Inevitably his practice drew more and more patients with endocrine disorders. Raymond’s own contributions to thyroid research were mainly his study of lymphoid changes in the thyrotoxic thyroid and their implication in the development of postoperative myxoedema (this preceded the discovery of auto-immune thyroiditis), and his work on the solitary thyroid nodule for which he was rewarded with a second Hunterian professorship. More important, he attracted a steady flow of overseas experts to New End and a mass of patients with every variety of thyroid disease. He encouraged others’ research with steady fund raising and personal support. In due course he was to be chairman of the International Goitre Conference held in London in 1960, and vice-president of the European Thyroid Association, which he did much to form.
Raymond was one of that small band of physicians who made endocrinology a respectable specialty in this country. He was a founder member of the section of endocrinology of the Royal Society of Medicine and later its president. But he was always the patient’s doctor rather than the specialist. He looked back at his ‘ten years before the mast’ in general practice as essential training for a consultant physician and regarded endocrinology as a bastion of general medicine.
Greene’s colleagues in thyroid/endocrinology in north Wales were totally clueless. Cock up after cock up… Even outside of Dafydd and Gwynne’s circle of mates in north Wales, some very odd things were done in the name of endocrinology, particularly with regard to ‘women’s health’ or to patients with gender issues. Then there was the relatively recent scandal that resulted from the general public discovering that numerous children suffering from an endocrine condition had been put at risk/seriously damaged after they had been given injections of hormone extracted from the glands of cadavers. That was the standard source for the hormone although the public didn’t know that; the problem was that the cadavers were of people who were infected with CJD. The Top Docs knew, but what the fuck, just like the use of the contaminated blood products for NHS patients…
By temperament and physique he was an imposing character.
His air of succeeding without really trying irritated some,
Probably because he wasn’t succeeding at very much but the myth was never challenged because everyone was frightened of him
but it belied a rigid discipline of hard work.
In terms of mountaineering, rather than Top Doctoring
He endured a most painful treatment of a pharyngeal cancer with stoic courage, only taking pride in the fact that he continued to work throughout that time.
Haven’t the Royal College Of Physicians noticed yet that among the many tributes left to dear departed Top Docs on ‘Lives Of The Fellows’ online, there has not been one Top Doc who has not faced their final, painful illness with anything other than stoic courage and good humour? A great many of them seem to have been doing full shifts until the day before they died as well. It hasn’t been like that for the illnesses in Docs that I have witnessed, terminal or otherwise. Instead their illness has been used as an excuse to fail to address dreadful conduct that was not the result of their illness.
Dafydd really pushed the boat out – and he wasn’t even terminally ill – by acquiring a Nervous Illness and a Doctor In England to treat it donkey’s years ago. We all knew why; it was so Dafydd could plead his Nervous Illness whenever he was found without his trousers in the women’s dorm again. It worked a treat, I was always most impressed at the way that Empowered Service Users’ chance of even vaguely professional employment was wrecked for life after Mental Health Problems had been Diagnosed – such diagnoses are always made in the face of NHS or Social Services whistleblowers as well, it is routine – but the same diagnoses in Top Docs provided 100% protection against disciplinary action or dismissal. Or in the case of the police refusing to play ball, A Reason Not To Answer Questions.
Take a look at media coverage of some of the saddest cases of Empowered Service Users in Court recently for bizarre or trivial crimes. The Court will hear from the Expert Top Docs that they have longstanding and serious mental health problems, but those problems had no bearing on this crime M’Lud, This Patient has had A Lot Of Help From Many People Who Have Tried Their Hardest but they have not responded.
Here comes Ollie Brooke or one of his mates, caught red-handed, Ah it’s so sad to see a man like that in Court, he’s Helped So Many…
It is an absolute total double standard.
He liked doing things himself, a trait well exemplified when appointed personal physician to General de Gaulle on his State visit to this country as president of France. Raymond organized all the medical details of the visit with minimal recourse to the authorities.
Top Docs do tend to do everything themselves. They are in positions where they do have to take the initiative and as young docs they are employed in systems where nothing actually works, so they learn that if you want something to happen you do it yourself. It is essentially admirable, but with Docs like Greene, it evolves into just doing what they want, regardless of anyone around them or even the law and it causes havoc. I have noticed that many non-Docs find Docs very hard to work with, even in initiatives like charidee work. One is always told that the Doc has ‘taken over’ or ‘they constantly do things without telling the rest of us’. They do. But if all anyone ever says in public even in the face of Docs wreaking havoc or even breaking the law, is Ah they were wonderful, the problem is not going to improve.
The award of the Cross of the Legion of Honour he described as ‘undeserved and unexpected’.
As befitted the Greene family, Raymond had a great love of the English language, using the spoken and written word with meticulous artistry.
Never a swear word or an inarticulate grunt.
He had a long association with Heinemann Medical Books, as a director for 20 years and as chairman for a decade. His autobiographical sketches showed his skill as a raconteur
Well they were AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL sketches, so Greene was writing his own history there.
and were aptly titled Moments of Being; he really enjoyed being alive. In the Johnsonian sense he was a most clubbable man.
Translate as ‘Got rat-arsed with the best of us’.
His colleagues saw him best when relaxing over a pint at the local pub.
What did I say??
He would lead the conversation over a dazzling variety of subjects with a wealth of anecdote and a wit that was polished if sometimes mordant.
Greene wasn’t like the Ysbyty Gwynedd consultant who lived in Beaumaris then, who by 10 pm EVERY NIGHT would be so off his face that he would appear in a local restaurant dribbling from the mouth, not able to talk and swaying back and forth. After he had been led out, the staff would explain to the tourists who, unlike the local customers, weren’t au fait, that he is a Doctor From The Hospital Who Is A Really Nice Guy But He Just Has A Drink Problem. I lived near Beaumaris for a number of years and I never knew whether he was a Really Nice Guy, because I never, ever saw him sober. He wasn’t drunk and brawling whenever I saw him, he was so far gone that he couldn’t have brawled. I can only imagine the level of alcohol in his blood when he was at work, there’s no way that he would have not been well sozzled throughout the working day. I think that he was a radiologist.
Then where was the retired Top Doc who was known to be driving pissed around Llanberis. When the Top Doc was known to be on the road, the local police were kind enough to park up somewhere until he’d driven wherever he wanted to go bladdered, so the police didn’t have to risk catching him.
For those who worked closely with him there will be an abiding memory of unobtrusive support and a quiet steadfast loyalty given without question.
Top Docs knife each other constantly but the loyalty without question emerges in the face of every patient complaint or, perish the thought, police investigation or public inquiry. It does actually really piss the police off, I have heard police fuming at what Dafydd et al were getting away with, but the police still followed the orders to arrest the targets for ludicrous reasons…
Beneath the public man there was the husband and father who rejoiced in family life. He was survived by his wife, one son and one daughter.
The biggest criticism that will be levelled of any Top Doc with a family is that he was so dedicated to his work that the family bore the brunt of it. Even someone with a track record of domestic horror a la Dafydd will be constructed as ‘eccentric’, with a long-suffering wife Who Understands that he’s not much of a husband but Ah he is wonderful to those patients. Some such families are just so frightened of the Top Doc tyrant that you’ll only hear the harsh reality after he’s dead or when the kids have grown up, become estranged and really fucking hate him.
Raymond Greene’s obituary for the Royal College of Physicians was written, most appropriately, by A Stuart Mason.
See previous posts for further info about the Greene brothers.
Macmillan kicked Charles Hill out of the Cabinet in the Night Of The Long Knives in July 1962 along with Gwynne and Dafydd’s other mates. In the face of the hissy fitting and blackmailing that ensued, on 13 June 1963, Hill became Baron Hill of Luton. Not a good idea… See previous posts.
In 1925 Auden went up to Christ Church, Oxford, where he was introduced to Old English poetry through the lectures of J. R. R. Tolkien. Tolkien’s son has recently been named as a Catholic priest who was known to have been a molester but enjoyed institutional protection.
Friends who Auden met at Oxford include Cecil Day-Lewis, Louis MacNeice, and Stephen Spender; these four were commonly though misleadingly identified in the 1930s as the “Auden Group” for their shared (but not identical) left-wing views. Auden was reintroduced to Christopher Isherwood in 1925 by his fellow student A. S. T. Fisher. A.S.T. Fisher was a C of E priest and writer who lived on the same stair as Auden at Christ Church. Fisher was the son of the Rev Arthur Bryan Fisher, a C of E priest who served as a missionary with the Church Missionary Society in the Uganda Protectorate.
Here’s Sir Clough, of the Protectors of Uganda:
From 1925 onward Auden sent poems to Isherwood for comments and criticism; the two maintained a sexual friendship in intervals between their relations with others.
Christopher Isherwood went to Repton School in Derbyshire, where he met his lifelong friend Edward Upward who became a member of the Auden Group. Upward joined the Communist Party of Great Britain in the 1930s, resigning in 1948 because he believed that the CPGB was appeasing the Labour Party. Edward Upward taught at Alleyn’s School, Dulwich, from 1932 until his retirement in 1961. Upward’s mother had trained as an Angel and his father was Top Doc Harold Upward. One of Edward’s brothers was diagnosed with schizophrenia. Edward Upward married Hilda Percival (1909-95), who was also a teacher and a member of the CPGB. Their son Christopher Upward was a linguist who graduated from his father’s alma mater, Corpus Christie College, Cambridge in 1961. Christopher Upward lectured at Aston University, 1970-95.
Sir Freddie Crawford, Protecting Uganda:
Here’s Sir Freddie with Ken Baker, Thatch’s Education Secretary, May 1986-July 1989 and Home Secretary, Nov 1990-April 1992:
Opening of Aston University’s new Computing Suite on November 11, 1986. Left, The Rt. Hon. Kenneth Baker MP PC, then Secretary of State for Education and Science, with (centre) Vice Chancellor, Professor Sir Frederick Crawford (1980-1996) and (far right) Chancellor Sir Adrian Cadbury (1979-2004). Standing in the background between Crawford and Cadbury is visiting academic Edward A Feigenbaum, Prof of Computer Science at Stanford University, who gave a lecture on “The Library of the Future”.
And here’s Sir Freddie, Protector of Uganda, receiving the dosh:
Cheque presentation on July 12th 1984 for £350,000. Details unknown. Pictured far right, Aston University Vice Chancellor, Professor Sir Frederick Crawford (1980-1996).
While VC of Aston, Sir Freddie Rationalised. Depts were closed down, staff were made redundant, it was grim. Not all parts of Aston were rationalised however. Sir Freddie built what Brown called The Vice Chancellor’s Posh Bit. Brown gave me a tour of Sir Freddie’s Posh Bit, it was Offices For Sir Freddie and his Senior Staff, all smoked glass with gold patterns painted on and expensive carpets. I think that the Vice Chancellor’s Posh Bit cost in the region of £5 million.
In the early 1990s, an extraordinary PR piece for Sir Freddie appeared in ‘The Guardian’, extolling the virtues of Sir Freddie and explaining how he had transformed Aston from a shite dump into an exemplar of all that was good about HE. I know that ‘The Guardian’ wouldn’t have published an article about Sir Freddie’s involvement in serious organised crime, but even so the article was ludicrous. The staff at Aston wondered who was behind it and what the motive was. It was published as the allegations of a VIP paedophile ring in north Wales refused to go away.
Prof Tim Miles of Bangor’s Dept of Psychology worked with Prof Margaret Newton at Aston. Tim and Margaret were dyslexia experts. Tim Miles conducted his Cutting Edge Research into dyslexia in the 1960s among special needs kids on Anglesey. The special needs kids were targeted by the Gang. At the time Lucille Hughes was the Children’s Officer for Anglesey and Dafydd was conducting Community Research on Anglesey, into incest no less. The Windbag was Leader of the Labour Party, he who’s wife grew up on Anglesey and had two parents who were Labour Party activists, Councillors and friends with Lord Cledwyn, Labour MP for Anglesey, 1951-79. See previous posts for info re Tim and Margaret.
When ‘The Guardian’ told the world how great Sir Freddie was, Sir Freddie’s pal Robert Bluglass was preparing to explain in a Gov’t commissioned Report that events at Ashworth Hospital, including the murder of a patient by the Angels, were entirely a consequence of the Dangerous Mentally Ill patients there, rather than Ashworth being run as a prison for people who had crossed the path of Dafydd and his mates. Bluglass did not even try to explain why Jimmy Savile was dropping in when he felt like it, why the Angels were at war with the Top Docs and psychologists and were slashing their tyres or setting fires under their cars or why two clinical psychologists had a fist fight on the hospital premises. Catherine Robinson and John Bailey of Bangor University’s School of Psychology worked at Ashworth and witnessed much of this. See previous posts eg. ‘Security, Security’.
In late 1928, W.H. Auden left Britain for nine months, going to Berlin. On returning to Britain in 1929, he worked briefly as a tutor. Poems (1930), was accepted by T. S. Eliot for Faber and Faber, and the same firm remained the British publisher of all the books published by Auden thereafter.
T.S. Eliot’s wife Vivienne was banged up in an asylum and died there years later in 22 Jan 1947. What has been written about Viv doesn’t shed light on the most worrying aspects of her life and death. It has been established that she was treated dreadfully by Eliot, by her own family and by Eliot’s Bloomsbury Group friends, who in old age did the ‘Well I suppose we were just a little bit mean but we didn’t realise at the time’ bit. Eliot played a key role in having Viv declared insane but did his best to give everyone the impression that it was nothing to do with him and then once she was institutionalised, Bertrand Russell regularly popped into the asylum to have sex with her. So Viv was obviously housed in a Denbigh-esque place where there were Strict Rules and separate wings for men and women until a celebrity sex offender arrived to visit an inmate. No-one seems to know exactly how Viv died in the asylum; at the time the Top Doctors gave conflicting accounts of her ‘suicide’.
I also haven’t been able to find out which asylum she was in, although Viv’s place of death is stated as Harringay. I’d very much like to know where Viv was incarcerated because there is every clue that Viv was the target of a conspiracy on the part of some very unpleasant but powerful people to have her banged up. Probably because of what she knew about them. See eg. ‘International Women’s Day! Let’s Celebrate With Jane…’.
In 1930 Auden began five years as a schoolmaster in boys’ schools: two years at the Larchfield Academy in Scotland, then three years at the Downs School in the Malvern Hills. At the Downs, in June 1933, Auden experienced what he later described as a “Vision of Agape”, while sitting with three fellow teachers at the school, when he suddenly found that he loved them for themselves, that their existence had infinite value for him; this experience, he said, later influenced his decision to return to the Anglican Church in 1940.
During these years, Auden’s erotic interests focused, as he later said, on an idealised “Alter Ego” rather than on individual persons. His ‘relationships (and his unsuccessful courtships) tended to be unequal either in age or intelligence’. Which suggests that they could have been rather exploitative or even predatory. And is the phrase ‘unequal in age’ a euphemism for Auden being strangely drawn to the chicken-like 13 year old Lolitas?
Auden’s sexual relations were transient – there’s only so much that a 13 year old can offer to someone who is busying themselves with analysis and matters High Church – although some evolved into long friendships. He contrasted these relationships with what he later regarded as the “marriage” (his word) of equals that he began with Chester Kallman in 1939, based on the unique individuality of both partners. As opposed to those 13 year old chickens who weren’t uniquely individual.
From 1935 until he left Britain early in 1939, Auden worked as freelance reviewer, essayist, and lecturer, first with the GPO Film Unit, a documentary film-making branch of the post office, headed by John Grierson. Through his work for the Film Unit in 1935 he met and collaborated with Benjamin Britten, with whom he also worked on plays, song cycles, and a libretto. Auden’s plays in the 1930s were performed by the Group Theatre, in productions that he supervised to varying degrees.
In 1936, Auden spent three months in Iceland where he gathered material for a travel book ‘Letters From Iceland’ (1937), written in collaboration with Louis MacNeice. In 1937 he went to Spain intending to drive an ambulance for the Republic in the Spanish Civil War, but was put to work broadcasting propaganda, a job he left to visit the front. His seven-week visit to Spain affected him deeply and his social views grew more complex as he found political realities to be more ambiguous and troubling than he had imagined.
Auden and Isherwood spent six months in 1938 visiting China amid the Sino-Japanese War, working on their book ‘Journey to a War’ (1939). On their way back to England they stayed briefly in New York and decided to move to the United States. Auden spent late 1938 partly in England, partly in Brussels.
Many of Auden’s poems during the 1930s and after were inspired by unconsummated love, and in the 1950s he summarised his emotional life in a famous couplet: “If equal affection cannot be /Let the more loving one be me” (“The More Loving One”).
He had a gift for friendship
and, starting in the late 1930s, a strong wish for the stability of marriage; in a letter to his friend James Stern he called marriage “the only subject.”
Throughout his life, Auden performed charitable acts, sometimes in public (as in his 1935 marriage of convenience to Erika Mann that provided her with a British passport to escape the Nazis),
but, especially in later years, more often in private. Auden was embarrassed if they were publicly revealed, as when his gift to his friend Dorothy Day for the Catholic Worker movement was reported on the front page of The New York Times in 1956.
Auden and Isherwood sailed to New York City in January 1939. In April 1939, Isherwood moved to California and he and Auden saw each other only intermittently in later years. Around this time, Auden met the poet Chester Kallman, who became his lover for the next two years.
In 1941 Kallman ended their sexual relationship because he could not accept Auden’s insistence on mutual fidelity, but he and Auden remained companions for the rest of Auden’s life, sharing houses and apartments from 1953 until Auden’s death.
In 1940–41, Auden lived in a house at 7 Middagh Street in Brooklyn Heights that he shared with Carson McCullers, Benjamin Britten, and others, which became a famous centre of artistic life, nicknamed “February House”. In 1940, Auden joined the Episcopal Church, returning to the Anglican Communion he had abandoned at fifteen. His reconversion was influenced partly by what he called the “sainthood” of Charles Williams, whom he had met in 1937, and partly by reading Søren Kierkegaard and Reinhold Niebuhr; his existential this-worldly Christianity became a central element in his life.
After Britain declared war on Germany in September 1939, Auden told the British Embassy in Washington that he would return to the UK if needed. He was told that, among those his age (32), only qualified personnel were needed. This sounds like a rather unlikely cover story to explain why Auden didn’t see active service at the time.
In 1941–42 Auden taught English at the University of Michigan. He was called for the draft in the United States Army in August 1942, but was rejected on medical grounds. Auden had a remarkable ability to avoid the possibility of being shot, blown up or drowned at a time when most other men of his age faced that. I wonder which Top Doc rejected Auden for service in WW II on ‘medical grounds’ and whether they knew that old Top Doc dad of Auden’s who ran the Public Health service in Birmingham?
In mid-1945, after the end of WW II in Europe, Auden was in Germany with the US Strategic Bombing Survey, studying the effects of Allied bombing on German morale, an experience that affected his postwar work as his visit to Spain had affected him earlier. Auden was Moved so much that he felt a poem coming on.
On his return from Germany Auden settled in Manhattan, working as a freelance writer, a lecturer at The New School for Social Research, and a visiting Professor at Bennington, Smith, and other American colleges. In 1946 he became a naturalised citizen of the US.
In 1948, Auden began spending his summers in Europe, together with Chester Kallman, first in Ischia, Italy, where he rented a house. Then, starting in 1958, he began spending his summers in Kirchstetten, Austria, where he bought a farmhouse. Auden said that he shed tears of joy at owning a home for the first time.
In 1956–61, Auden was Prof of Poetry at Oxford University where he was required to give three lectures each year.
Duw, it’s hard…
This workload allowed Auden to continue to spend winter in New York, where he lived at in Manhattan’s East Village and to spend summer in Europe, spending three weeks each year lecturing in Oxford. He earned his income mostly from readings and lecture tours, and by writing for ‘The New Yorker’, ‘The New York Review Of Books’ and other magazines.
In 1963 Kallman left the apartment he shared in New York with Auden, and lived during the winter in Athens while continuing to spend his summers with Auden in Austria. In 1972, Auden moved his winter home from New York to Oxford, where his old college, Christ Church, offered him a cottage, while he continued to spend summers in Austria.
Auden died in Vienna in 1973, a few hours after giving a reading of his poems at the Austrian Society for Literature, the strain On His System being too much. Auden’s death occurred at the Hotel Altenburger Hof where he was staying overnight before his intended return to Oxford the next day. He was buried in Kirchstetten.
Auden’s first dramatic work was his 1928 ‘Paid On Both Sides’ subtitled “A Charade”, a mixture of tragedy and farce, with a dream play-within-a-play.
A recurrent theme in Auden’s early poems is the effect of “family ghosts”, Auden’s term for the powerful, unseen psychological effects of preceding generations on any individual life (and the title of a poem). It’s the clergymen and Top Doctors.
Although much of his Auden’s work expressed left-wing views and he became widely known as a political poet, he was privately more ambivalent about revolutionary politics than many reviewers recognised. Mendelson argues that Auden expounded political views partly out of a sense of moral duty and partly because it enhanced his reputation, and that he later regretted having done so. He generally wrote about revolutionary change in terms of a “change of heart”, a transformation of a society from a closed-off psychology of fear to an open psychology of love.
In the late 1960s he wrote some of his most vigorous poems, including two poems that looked back over his life, “Prologue at Sixty” and “Forty Years On”.
Auden’s last books of verse were ‘Epistle to a Godson’ (1972) and the unfinished ‘Thank You, Fog’ (published posthumously, 1974).
Auden was one of three candidates recommended by the Nobel Committee to the Swedish Academy for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1963 and 1965 and six recommended for the 1964 prize. By the time of his death in 1973 Auden had attained the status of a respected elder statesman and a memorial stone for him was placed in Poet’s Corner in Westminster Abbey in 1974.
Memorial stones and plaques commemorating Auden include those in Westminster Abbe; at his birthplace at 55 Bootham, York; near his home on Lordswood Road, Birmingham; in the chapel of Christ Church, Oxford; on the site of his apartment at 1 Montague Terrace, Brooklyn Heights; at his apartment in 77 St. Marks Place, New York (damaged and now removed) and at the site of his death at Walfischgasse 5 in Vienna; in his house in Kirchstetten, his study is open to the public upon request.
George Auden was born near Burton-upon-Trent where his father John was the first vicar of the Church of St John the Divine. Burton-on-Trent was part of the big ring in Staffordshire/Derbyshire which by the late 1960s had linked up with the Gang in north Wales. Auden was educated at Repton and at Christ’s College, Cambridge. 1893. Auden studied medicine at Bart’s, qualifying as a Top Doc in 1896.
Sir Robert Armstrong-Jones, the grandfather of Lord Snowdon, was a Top Doc, a psychiatrist, who came from north Wales, studied at UCNW and after that qualified as a Top Doc at Bart’s. See previous posts. Armstrong-Jones would have been at Bart’s in the late 1870s/early 1890s.
Auden then held several medical appointments in London before moving to York where he was physician at York County Hospital for 14 years. In 1908 he moved to Birmingham, where he became the first School Medical Officer and Lecturer in Public Health at Birmingham University. Here Auden gained an international reputation as an innovative researcher and educator. During WW I he served as a medical officer in the British Army in Egypt, Gallipoli and France. Auden retired as School Medical Officer in 1937, but continued at the University and became Professor of Public Health in 1941.
Sir Clough’s wife’s brother John Strachey was elected as the Labour MP for Birmingham Aston in 1929. At the time, Oswald Mosley was still in the Labour Party and upon election, Strachey became Moseley’s PPS. Strachey and Mosley had co-authored the ‘Birmingham Proposals’ in 1925, suggesting ways to deal with the unemployed. Strachey and Mosley both resigned from the Gov’t in May 1930, over their unemployment policies.
In February 1931 Strachey supported Mosley in founding the New Party, but he resigned in July 1931 when Mosley rejected socialism and close links with the USSR. Mosley subsequently turned to fascism. In the Oct 1931 election, Strachey defended his seat at Aston as an independent pro-communist workers’ candidate, but was defeated. He applied to join the CPGB himself but was rejected in the summer of 1932 as an unreliable intellectual. Strachey suffered a nervous breakdown and underwent three years of psychoanalysis… He later returned to the Commons as a Labour MP, serving in the Gov’t in the 1940s.
Previous posts detail John Strachey and his family and friends of the Bloomsbury Set. Many of them were of the Gang’s network pre and post Gwynne and Dafydd and some of the Top Docs and analysts among them were in the same professional circles as Gwynne and Dafydd. See eg. ‘The Vermin Club’. At Oxford, John Strachey was close friends with Lord Bob Boothby, the excessive Tory MP for an Aberdeen constituency. Bob Boothby was notorious as a bisexual who used rent boys, had friends in the underworld and had a sexual relationship with Ronnie Kray. Boothby had a relationship with Dorothy, Harold Macmillan’s wife, over decades. See previous posts…
Boothby’s ‘private life’ was known about but never appeared in the media again after he won a libel case; I have not had time to blog about that yet. Some of Boothby’s friends were frankly dangerous and there are accounts of people not daring to take him on lest they were murdered. Boothby was associated with at least one of the partner gangs of Dafydd and Gwynne’s in London. Bob Boothby was protected by a corrupt senior police officer in the Met, Joe Simpson, who went to Oundle School…
John Strachey died in Marylebone, the Top Docs’ part of London, after a spinal operation on 15 July 1963, in the midst of the Profumo Affair. He was 61. Harold Macmillan resigned as PM on 18 Oct 1963.
Another one of Bertrand Russell’s friends who represented a Birmingham constituency in the Commons was Woodrow Wyatt. Russell’s diary gives an account of one of Woodrow Wyatt’s visits to Cwm Croesor in the early 1960s, where tea is taken in Clough’s garden. Wyatt was the Labour MP for Aston, 1945-55. Wyatt is discussed in previous posts. He ended up in the Lords and had eclectic friendships politically, being close to Thatch, the Dirty Digger – Wyatt played a key role in helping the Digger transfer his operations to Wapping – and the Queen Mum.
George Auden married Constance Rosalie Bicknell in 1899. They had three sons: Bernard, who became a farmer; the geologist John Bicknell Auden; and W. H. Auden.
George Auden’s archaeological interests are reflected in Historical and Scientific Survey of York and District (1906), which he edited and to which he contributed the chapter on prehistoric archaeology.
Among George’s publications were:
- Historical and Scientific Survey of York and District (1906)
- “Heights and weights of Birmingham school children in relation to infant mortality”. School Hygiene, 1910:290–91.
- “The Birmingham Open-Air School”. The Medical Officer, 1912: 7:253–55.
- “An experiment in the nutritive value of an extra milk ration”. Journal of the Royal Sanitary Institute, 1923: 44:236–47.
- “An unusual form of suicide” (on auto-erotic strangulation), Journal of Mental Science, 1927: 73:428–31.
Here’s a summary of George Auden’s essentials: Note that he had a post as a consulting psychologist and responsibilities on the Medical Commission for the National Association for the Feeble-Minded…
George Augustus AUDEN
Approx. lifespan: 1872–1957
Tripos: Christ’s College N.S. I 1893
Adm pens. Christ’s College 1890:07:12
s. of John AUDEN (1849) V.: Horninglow, Staffordshire ,
b. Horninglow, Staffordshire , 1872:08:27
BA NatSci Tripos, 1st Class 1893
At St Bartholomew’s Hospital London , 1894-97
House Physician and Clinical Assistant:
Scholar and Gold Medallist St Bartholomew’s Hospital [London],
Physician to: : General Lying-in Hospital London ,
Hon. Physician to: : York County Hospital [York], [Yorkshire], 1905-08
Medical Superintendent of: : Birmingham Education Committee 1908
School Medical Officer at: : Birmingham, [Warwickshire], 1908-37
Lecturer at: : Sch: Saltley Training College [Saltley], [Warwickshire],
Assistant to the Professor of Hygiene and
Demonstrator in Public Health: at
Sch: Birmingham University [Birmingham], [Warwickshire],
PhD Birmingham 1926
Consulting Psychologist to Besford Court [Besford], [Worcestershire],
Served in the Great War: [1914-18]
( Major: R.A.M.C. )
Fellow of the Koneglige Nordiske Oldskriftselskab Copenhagen, [Denmark], 1905
Hon. Member of: : Canadian Hygiene Association
Member of: : Medical Commission of National Association for the Feeble-minded
Of Wesco, Threlkeld, Cumberland and
42 Lordswood Road, Harborne, Birmingham, [Warwickshire],
m. and had issue.
Author, The Preservation of Antiquities (transl.); Guide to Pre-historic Collections, National Museum, Copenhagen (transl.)
Editor of: : Historic and Scientific Survey of York and District ; and a Handbook to Birmingham
brother of Alfred M. AUDEN (1885)
W.H. Auden’s brother John Bicknell Auden (14 December 1903-21 January 1991) was a geologist and explorer, who worked for many years in India with the Geological Survey of India and later with the Food and Agriculture Organization. John Auden studied the Himalayan strata, particularly the Krol Belt where he recognized rocks from the Peninsula thrusting north into the Himalayas.
John Auden also studied groundwater and was involved in studying the geology of many dam sites in India. Auden’s Col is named after him.
Auden was born at 54 Bootham in York, the second son of George Augustus Auden with Constance Rosalie née Bicknell (1869–1941). He was educated along with his younger brother Wystan at St Edmund’s School, Hindhead, a Surrey prep school, after his father moved to teach public health at Birmingham. John Auden excelled in French, English and the classics and being bespectacled earned the nickname of “dodo”. He later studied at Marlborough College, 1917-22 and then studied geology at Christ’s College, Cambridge, receiving a BA in 1936 after which John joined the Geological Survey of India, where he remained until he retired in the early 1950s. Like his brother, John wrote poetry at college and was described as an extreme neurotic and suffered from depression in the early 1930s.
John Auden received an MA in 1930 and an Sc.D. in 1948.
John Auden took an interest in the Vindhyan formations of the Himalayas and as a keen mountaineer founded the Himalayan Club in 1927. His exploration and mapping (with three other climbers) of the high Karakoram and Anghil region of the Himalayas was the subject of Eric Shipton‘s Blank on the Map (1938). In 1929 he visited his younger brother Wystan in Berlin and talked to him about K2 which served as inspiration for The Ascent of F6. One of Auden’s early interests was in the Krol Belts. This early stratigraphy work in the mid 1930s on the Himalayas was however something he could not continue work on after moving into economic geology following the war. He noted significantly that “Aravalli strikes found locally in rock structures in the Garhwal Himalaya /.. suggests a northward extension of Peninsular rocks into the Himalaya.”
In 1940 John was elected President of the Geological Institute of Presidency College, Calcutta. In 1937 John learned to pilot an aircraft and conducted an aerial survey of the Bijaigarh shales. In 1945–51, he was engaged in investigating all the major dam sites, hydro electric projects, irrigation works and water supply schemes of India. John Auden became an acclaimed expert on groundwater in the Kutch and Rajasthan region.
The Geological Survey of India offered the position of Director to Auden in 1953, but he declined it on the grounds of health and also pointed out that it would be only right for an Indian to fill the post (it would be M.S. Krishnan). After retiring from the Geological Survey of India (he was the last European to be recruited into it and the last European to leave the organization), John Auden joined the Sudan Geological Survey from 1953 for two years and then spent four years with the Burmah Oil Company. In 1960 Auden joined the Food and Agriculture Organization, where he worked until 1970. After retiring Auden lived in London, close to the V&A Museum and served for two years as Vice-President of the Geological Society of London. Auden was awarded the gold medal of the Asiatic Society in 1953 and the Darashaw Nosherwanji Wadia medal of the Indian National Science Academy in 1980.
John Auden was married twice, first to Margaret Marshall who was interested in psychology and initially a counsellor for Auden. She suggested that his depression would improve if he did not return to India. After the death of Margaret’s husband, Douglas Marshall, she married John in 1930 and went to India. John found Margaret domineering, unfaithful and a spendthrift
and they separated in January 1932, divorcing in October 1933. In 1940, Auden married Sheila Bonnerjee, a granddaughter of a founding President of the Indian National Congress Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee, and they had two daughters. John Auden converted from Anglican to Roman Catholicism in 1951.
There is no way that John Auden did not know Everest Hero, Top Doc and the man who allowed Dafydd and Gwynne to use UCNW as a vehicle for their trafficking ring, Sir Charles Evans, Principal of UCNW, 1958-84. They were very probably mates, the world of Himalayan climbing is not a big one and in those days it was a very exclusive club.
Re the Grosvenors: there seems to be much impressive craziness and early unfortunate death in the recent history of the Duke of Westminster’s family; I hope to blog further about it soon. Meanwhile, back to John de Salis.
For years I have heard accounts from people who worked for charidees or other Noble Organisations and became very disillusioned by what they believed were the abuses of those public spirited souls running the organisations. The first account of this sort that I heard concerned the Red Cross HQ in Geneva… I was told in the early 1980s that what was happening there could not be justified on any level.
Now for Patrick Blackett’s friend C.P. Snow, who was so needed by Harold Wilson as Parliamentary Secretary to the first Minister of Technology when he was appointed in 1964, that Snow was given a peerage to enable him to take up the post.
The Lord Snow
C. P. Snow in 1969
(Jack Manning, New York Times)
|Born||(1905-10-15)15 October 1905|
|Died||1 July 1980(1980-07-01) (aged 74)
|Alma mater||University of London
University of Leicester
Christ’s College, Cambridge
|Fields||Physics, chemistry, literature (novelist)|
|Institutions||Christ’s College, Cambridge|
|Doctoral students||Eric Eastwood|
Charles Percy Snow, Baron Snow (15 October 1905-1 July 1980) was a novelist and chemist who served in the Civil Service and briefly in the UK Gov’t. He is best known for his 1959 lecture The Two Cultures, in which Snow lamented the gulf between scientists and “literary intellectuals”.
Born in Leicester to William Snow, a church organist and choirmaster, and his wife Ada, Charles Snow was the second of four boys, his brothers being Harold, Eric and Philip Snow and was educated at Alderman Newton’s School.
The longstanding organised abuse ring in Leicestershire involved the Church.
In 1923, Snow passed the intermediate British School Certificate, and in 1925 went on to take a University of London external degree in Physics at the University College, Leicester (now the University of Leicester).
Among the staff at University College Leicester who facilitated/concealed organised abuse in Leicester were Philip Larkin, who was the librarian at Leicester, 1946-50 and Larkin’s mistress Monica Jones who taught at Leicester and was still living there in retirement when Brown was doing his PhD there in the 1980s. See previous posts.
Snow later gained a scholarship to Christ’s College, Cambridge and gained his PhD in physics. In 1930 he became a Fellow of Christ’s College.
Snow served as technical director of the Ministry of Labour, 1940-44 and as a Civil Service Commissioner, 1945-60. Snow’s was among the 2,300 names of prominent persons listed on the Nazi’s Special Search List of those who were to be arrested on the invasion of Britain and turned over to the Gestapo.
In 1944 Snow was appointed director of scientific personnel for the English Electric Company. Later he became Physicist-Director. In this capacity he was to employ his former PhD student Eric Eastwood.
Snow was Parliamentary Secretary in the Lords to Frank Cousins, Minister of Technology, 1964-66. Wilson created Snow a life peer to enable him to take up the appointment in the Ministry of Technology. Snow had previously been knighted in the 1957 New Years Honours, which makes me wonder what that was a reward for, 1956-57 being a period of time when Gwynne and the Gang were causing serious problems.
Snow married the novelist Pamela Hansford Johnson in 1950; they had one son. As well as Patrick Blackett, their friends included the mathematician G. H. Hardy, the X-ray crystallographer J. D. Bernal, and the cultural historian Jacques Barzun. At Christ’s, Snow tutored H. S. Hoff, later better known as the novelist William Cooper. The two became friends and worked together in the Civil Service. In 1960, Snow gave the Godkin Lectures at Harvard, about the clashes between Henry Tizard and Alexander F. Lindemann (later Lord Cherwell), both scientific advisors to the British Gov’t around the time of WW II. For the academic year 1961 to 1962, Snow and his wife both served as Fellows on the faculty in the Center for Advanced Studies at Wesleyan University.
Sir Henry Thomas Tizard (23 August 1885-9 October 1959) was the chemist who developed the modern octane rating used to classify petrol. Tizard helped to develop radar in WW II and led the first serious studies of UFOs.Tizard was born in Gillingham, Kent, the only son of Thomas Henry Tizard (1839–1924), naval officer and hydrographer and his wife, Mary. Tizard went to Westminster School and Magdalen College, Oxford, from where he graduated in 1908. At his tutor’s suggestion Tizard spent time in Berlin, where he met and formed a close friendship with 1st Viscount Cherwell aka Frederick Alexander Lindemann, later an influential scientific advisor to Churchill. In 1909, Tizard became a researcher in the Davy–Faraday Laboratory of the Royal Institution. In 1911 Tizard returned to Oxford as a tutorial Fellow at Oriel College and to work as a demonstrator.
Tizard was married on 24 April 1915 to Kathleen Eleanor (d. 1968), daughter of Arthur Prangley Wilson, a mining engineer. They had three sons: Sir (John) Peter Mills Tizard KT, who became a Professor of Paediatrics at London University and Regius Professor of Physic at Oxford (1916-1993); Richard Henry Tizard (1917–2005), an engineer and senior tutor at Churchill College, Cambridge and David (b. 1922), a GP in London.
My post ‘The Logic Of Medicine’ discussed Prof Peter Tizard, a major problem in paediatrics, one of the network of Top Docs who facilitated and supported the activities of Ollie Brooke et al. Peter Tizard trained at the Middlesex Hospital, qualifying in 1941. Gwynne the Lobotomist trained at the Middlesex at a very similar time. Previous posts have discussed the many Royal connections of the Middlesex, including the role of Alexander Teck aka the Earl of Athlone (the brother of Queen Mary, wife of King George V) as Chairman of the Governors of the Middlesex; the presence of Sir William Gilliatt the Royal Gynaecologist who delivered Carlo and Princess Anne at the Middlesex and then Sir William’s son Roger Gilliatt, a good friend of Mr Thrope and best man at Lord Snowdon’s and Ma’am Darling’s wedding, training at the Middlesex. Roger Gilliatt was a student in the same era as Gwynne and Peter Tizard. As an older Top doc, Peter Tizard worked at Hammersmith Hospital, alongside Hugh Bentall et al. The Hugh Bentall who’s son Richard trained as a clinical psychologist at UCNW with Dafydd’s Gang and married the daughter of Eifion Jones, the Dean of Science at UCNW when Gwynne sat in the Student Health Centre running the trafficking ring. See previous posts.
Peter Tizard’s brother Richard aka Dick Tizard was involved in the Student Democracy movement at Cambridge and had the interesting idea of extending Junior Common Room activities to include primary school pupils… See previous posts…
Henry Thomas Tizard’s chosen problem became aeronautics. At the outbreak of WWI Tizard was commissioned into the Royal Garrison Artillery (where his training methods were famously bizarre) and then later transferred to the Royal Flying Corps, where he became experimental equipment officer and learned to fly planes. Tizard acted as his own test pilot for making aerodynamic observations. When his superior Bertram Hopkinson was moved to the Ministry of Munitions, Tizard went with him. When Hopkinson died in 1918, Tizard took over his post. Tizard served in the RAF, 1918-19.
After the end of WW I, Tizard was appointed Reader in Chemical Thermodynamics at Oxford University where he devised the concept of octane ratings. This work was largely for Shell. Sir William Asscher’s father worked for Shell. Asscher was one of the Top Docs who was facilitating the trafficking and serious organised crime in Cardiff from the mid-1960s until he was headhunted as the Dean/Principal of St George’s Hospital Medical School in 1988 after Ollie had been imprisoned and then released early on appeal and continued co-authoring with his old pals at St George’s, although the world was told that Ollie was disgraced and long gone. See post ‘Too Many Pills’.
William Asscher trained at the London Hospital in the late 1950s and he was involved with the Westminster Paedophile Ring by his early career. Dafydd and Gwynne’s Gang worked in partnership with a gang who operated in Tower Hamlets, on the patch of the London Hospital. During the 1960s, Profs John Ellis and Clifford Wilson at the London Hospital were given responsibility for postgrad education and training of Top Docs across the whole of London. They and their colleagues were also responsible for organising placements for junior doctors in hospitals throughout the south of England and in the West Country. See eg. ‘Oliver’s Army’.
As a young man, William Asscher was turned down for places at every medical school to which he applied; he was accepted at the London Hospital after his father who worked for Shell had a word with a friend who wielded influence at the London Hospital.
After working for Shell, Tizard took up a Gov’t post in 1920 as Assistant Secretary to the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research. His successes in this post and after his promotion to Permanent Secretary on 1 June 1927 included the establishment of the Chemical Research Laboratory in Teddington, the appointment of Harry Wimperis as Director of Scientific Research to the Air Force and finally the decision to leave to become the President and Rector of Imperial College, London in 1929, a position that Tizard held until 1942.
In 1935 the development of radar in the UK was started by Tizard’s Aeronautical Research Committee (Committee for the Scientific Survey of Air Defence) – Tizard had chaired the Committee since 1933 – carrying out the first experimental work at Orfordness near Ipswich before moving to the nearby Bawdsey Research Station (BRS) in 1936. In 1938 Tizard persuaded Mark Oliphant, at Birmingham University, to drop some of his nuclear research and concentrate on development of an improved radar. Oliphant’s research led to the invention by John Turton Randall and Harry Boot of the cavity magnetron, a major advance in radar technology, which in turn provided the basis for airborne interceptors using radar.
Sir Marcus Laurence Elwin “Mark” Oliphant (8 October 1901-14 July 2000) was an Australian physicist who played an important role in the first experimental demonstration of nuclear fusion and in the development of nuclear weapons.
Born and raised in Adelaide, South Australia, Oliphant graduated from the University of Adelaide. He went to England, where he studied under Sir Ernest Rutherford at the Cavendish Laboratory at Cambridge University. In 1925, Oliphant heard a speech given by Rutherford, a New Zealand physicist and Oliphant wanted to work for him. Oliphant applied for an 1851 Exhibition Scholarship on the strength of the research that he had previously carried out with Roy Burdon at Adelaide University. After Oliphant was awarded this scholarship, he was accepted by Rutherford and Trinity College, Cambridge. Oliphant was invited to afternoon tea by Rutherford and Lady Rutherford. He soon met other researchers at the Cavendish Laboratory, including Patrick Blackett,
Edward Bullard, James Chadwick, John Cockcroft, Charles Ellis, Peter Kapitza, Philip Moon and Ernest Walton. There were two fellow Australians: Harrie Massey and John Keith Roberts. Oliphant would become especially close friends with John Cockcroft.
Oliphant submitted his PhD thesis in December 1929, his viva subsequently being examined by Rutherford and Ellis.
Oliphant and his wife had a son, Geoffrey, born 6 October 1930, but he died on 5 September 1933 and was interred in an unmarked grave in Cambridge alongside Timothy Cockcroft, the infant son of Sir John and Lady Elizabeth Cockcroft, who had died the year before. Unable to have more children, the Oliphants adopted a four-month-old boy, Michael in 1936 and a daughter, Vivian, in 1938.
In 1932 and 1933, the scientists at the Cavendish Laboratory made a series of ground-breaking discoveries, including Cockcroft and Walton transmuting lithium into helium. Chadwick discovered the neutron and Blackett confirmed the existence of the positron and revealed the opposing spiral traces of positron–electron pair production. Oliphant followed up the work by constructing a particle accelerator and confirmed the results of Cockcroft and Walton on the artificial disintegration of the nucleus and positive ions. Working with Rutherford and others, Oliphant discovered the nuclei of helium-3 (helions) and tritium (tritons). Oliphant was the first to demonstrate nuclear fusion.
In 1934, Cockcroft arranged for Oliphant to become a Fellow of St John’s College, Cambridge. Ronnie Waterhouse was an alumnus of St John’s College, Cambridge. When Chadwick left the Cavendish Laboratory for Liverpool University in 1935, Oliphant and Ellis both replaced him as Rutherford’s Assistant Director for research. In 1937, Oliphant was elected to the Royal Society. When he died Oliphant was its longest-serving Fellow.
Oliphant left the Cavendish Laboratory in 1937 to become the Professor of Physics at Birmingham University. Samuel Walter Johnson Smith‘s imminent retirement prompted a search for a new Professor of Physics at Birmingham. The University wanted a well-known name and was willing to spend lavishly in order to build up nuclear physics expertise at Birmingham. Neville Moss, Professor of Mining Engineering and the Dean of the Faculty of Science, approached Oliphant, who presented his terms, which Moss agreed to meet.
To obtain funding for the cyclotron that he wanted, Oliphant wrote to the PM, Neville Chamberlain, who was from Birmingham. Chamberlain took up the matter with his friend the philanthropist Lord Nuffield, William Richard Morris (10 October 1877-22 August 1963). Lord Nuffield was the founder of Morris Motors Limited and is remembered as the founder of the Nuffield Foundation, the Nuffield Trust and Nuffield College, Oxford. See previous posts for info re Lord Nuffield. Lord Nuffield provided £60,000 for the project, enough for the cyclotron, a new building to house it and a trip to Berkeley, California so Oliphant could confer with Ernest Lawrence, the American nuclear scientist and inventor of the cyclotron, for which Lawrence won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1939.
Ernest Orlando Lawrence (August 8, 1901-August 27, 1958) is known for his work on uranium isotope separation for the Manhattan Project, the research and development undertaking during WW II that produced the first nuclear weapons, as well as for founding the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Lawrence supported Oliphant’s project and invited Oliphant to visit him at the Berkeley Radiation Laboratory. Oliphant sailed on 10 December 1938 and met Lawrence in Berkeley. The two men got along very well.
Oliphant was aware of the problems in building cyclotrons encountered by James Chadwick at the University of Liverpool and John Cockcroft at the Cavendish Laboratory and intended to avoid these and get his cyclotron built on time and on budget by following Lawrence’s specifications. The outbreak of WW II delayed matters; the Nuffield Cyclotron would not be completed until after the war.
It was in 1938 that Oliphant became involved with the development of radar, then still a secret. He obtained a grant from the Admiralty to develop improved radar systems. Oliphant’s group at Birmingham included the Northern Irish physicist James Sayers, (2 September 1912-13 March 1993).
This is interesting; Lord Kenyon died on 16 May 1993 and his molesting son Thomas died from AIDS a few weeks before him. Previous posts explain that Patient F and I were arrested on the demands of Jackie Brandt only some two weeks after she had made a statement to the police. As far as I can work out, the police waited until Lord Kenyon’s son had died before arresting us and then by the time of our trial, Lord Kenyon had died as well. James Sayers knew Patrick Blackett and his extended network of physicists who were provided even greater armour plating for Dafydd and Gwynne than I ever could have imagined.
James Sayers was a graduate of Queen’s University, Belfast who undertook his PhD at St John’s College, Cambridge. From 1939-43 Sayers conducted research for the Admiralty at Birmingham University producing the cavity magnetron. From 1943-45 Sayers worked on the Manhattan Project. He received the John Price Wetherill Medal for discoveries in Physical Science in 1958. Sayers was Professor of Electron Physics at Birmingham University, 1946-72. Dafydd’s mate Robert Bluglass had got his feet under the table at Birmingham University by 1972, although he hadn’t bagged his Chair by then. Bluglass was already part of the team of Top Docs who were concealing organised abuse who were a partner gang to Dafydd and Gwynne in north Wales. Sayers was still alive in 1988-89 when Bluglass concealed the criminality of the Gang at the request of the Welsh Office in the wake of my complaint. See post ‘Enter Professor Robert Bluglass CBE’.
James Sayers married Diana Montgomery in 1943. They had two sons and one daughter. He lived in Worcestershire. Lord Peter Walker, Dafydd and Gwynne’s people trafficking friend, was the Tory MP for Worcester, 1961-92, who served as Thatch’s Energy Secretary, 1983-87 and then Welsh Secretary, 1987-90. Peter Walker went back a long way in the Tory Party; he was in the Young Conservatives in the 1950s with Gang member Beata Brooks, the Tory MEP for north Wales, 1979-89. As a young man, Walker had been a business partner of one of Edward du Cann’s mates and with one of Nigel Lawson’s mates. Nigel Lawson was the Tory MP for Blaby in Leicestershire, 1974-92. Frank Beck of the paedophile ring in Leicestershire was elected as a Liberal Councillor for Blaby in 1983 and was re-elected in 1987.
On 29 Nov 1991, at Leicester Crown Court, Beck was sentenced to five life-terms for sexual and physical assaults against more than 100 children in his care. He was sentenced to a further 24 years on seventeen charges of abuse, including rape. There are allegations that Beck and others murdered a boy who’s death was attributed to suicide after he ran away from a children’s home. See previous posts.
The biggest light entertainment TV star in the UK at the time of Beck’s trial and conviction:
In 1987-88, Dr James Earp of Leicester had concealed the Gang’s criminality when he wrote an Expert Report for the Court on me. See post ‘An Expert From England…’
Peter Walker was busy in the Commons during the Profumo Affair, during Ted Heath’s Gov’t, during Thatcher’s reign and then he went to the Lords in 1992… Walker was the Gang member with City interests and he knew everything and everyone involved. See eg. ‘Holding The Country To Ransom – Part I’ and ‘Holding The Country To Ransom – Part II’. Peter Walker’s son Robin was elected as the Tory MP for Worcester in 2010 and still holds the seat. See previous posts.
David Tombs, the one-time Director of Social Services for Herefordshire and Worcestershire, knew that there was organised abuse on his patch. Tombs said nothing until organised abuse was in the media spotlight when he gave an interview to the BBC maintaining that years previously he had tried to raise the alarm with Civil Service mandarins, only to be told that there were so many paedophiles in Parliament that he might as well forget about the matter. Colin Smart, the whistleblowing Director of Social Services who raised the matter of organised abuse with the UK Social Services long before anyone else and was legally bound and gagged after doing so, maintained that David Tombs was one of those most culpable… See previous posts.
Two more members of Oliphant’s Birmingham team, John Randall and Harry Boot, worked on a new design, a cavity magnetron. This was one of the key scientific breakthroughs during the war and played a major part in defeating the German U boats, intercepting enemy bombers and in directing Allied bombers.
Sir John Turton Randall (23 March 1905-16 June 1984) was credited with radical improvement of the cavity magnetron and also led the King’s College, London team which worked on the structure of DNA. It was Randall’s deputy, Professor Maurice Wilkins, who shared the 1962 Nobel Prize with James Watson and Francis Crick and of the Cavendish Laboratory at Cambridge University for the determination of the structure of DNA. Randall’s other staff included Rosalind Franklin, Raymond Gosling, Alex Stokes and Herbert Wilson, all involved in research on DNA.
John Randall was born on 23 March 1905 at Newton-le-Willows, Lancashire, the only son of Sidney Randall, nurseryman and seedsman and his wife, Hannah, daughter of John Turton, a colliery manager in the area. John Randall was educated at the grammar school at Ashton-in-Makerfield and at Manchester University, where he did his first degree in physics and then completed his Masters in 1926.
From 1926 to 1937 Randall was employed on research by the General Electric Company at its Wembley laboratories, where he took a leading part in luminescence work. By 1937 Randall was recognised as the leading British worker in his field and was awarded a Royal Society fellowship at Birmingham University, where he worked on phosphorescence in Mark Oliphant’s physics faculty with Maurice Wilkins.
When WW II began in 1939, Oliphant was approached by the Admiralty about the possibility of building a radio source that operated at microwave frequencies. Such a system would allow a radar using it to see small objects like the periscopes of submerged U boats. Oliphant began research using the klystron, a device introduced by Russell and Sigurd Varian between 1937 and 1939 and the only system known to efficiently generate microwaves. Oliphant’s efforts were primarily directed to greatly increasing the output of the klystron. The klystron was only an amplifier, so a low-power source signal was needed for it to amplify. Oliphant put Randall and Harry Boot on to the task of producing a microwave oscillator.
A test of Randall and Boot’s new cavity magnetron design in February 1940 proved successful and the design was then demonstrated to engineers from GEC, who were asked to try to improve it, which they did. The success of the magnetron revolutionised the development of radar and almost all new radar sets from 1942 on used one.
In 1943 Randall left Oliphant’s laboratory in Birmingham to teach for a year in the Cavendish Lab at Cambridge. In 1944 Randall was appointed Professor of Natural Philosophy at St Andrew’s University, the institution of elite Top Docs and Bluglass’s alma mater and began planning research in biophysics (with Maurice Wilkins) on a small Admiralty grant. Randall held the Chair at St Andrew’s while Bluglass was training there.
In 1946, Randall was appointed Head of the Physics Department at King’s College in London. He then moved to the Wheatstone Chair of Physics at the same institution, where the MRC set up the Biophysics Research Unit with Randall as the Director (now known as Randall Division of Cell and Molecular Biophysics). During Randall’s term as Director the experimental work leading to the discovery of the structure of DNA was made at King’s by Rosalind Franklin, Raymond Gosling, Maurice Wilkins, Alex Stokes and Herbert R. Wilson.
Randall assigned Raymond Gosling as a PhD student to Franklin to work on DNA structure by X-ray diffraction. According to Raymond Gosling, the role of John Randall in the pursuit of the double helix cannot be overstated. Gosling felt so strongly on this subject that he wrote to The Times in 2013 during the 60th anniversary celebrations. Randall firmly believed that DNA held the genetic code and assembled a multi-disciplinary team to help prove it.
We should note that Gosling wrote this about Randall in 2013, decades after Franklin’s death, when at least some of Crick and Watson’s dreadful conduct towards Franklin was known and when it was accepted that Franklin had carried out the crucial work for which Wilkins, Crick and Watson eventually received the 1962 Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine.
What no-one had discussed at all in public was that Rosalind Franklin was shafted and frozen out by more people than the Three Nobel Laureates who made history and that the path led to people who knew Dafydd and Gwynne and Cwm Croesor no less. Brown and I had begun to publish about the mental health services, we had mentioned the North Wales Hospital Denbigh in a publication and I had carried out preliminary research for a socio-historical community study into the Welsh Bloomsbury Set at Cwm Croesor. I had not realised how many people had woken up when I began that research and noticed that my application for a British Academy grant to conduct the fieldwork was supported by Merfyn. The British Academy turned down my request so I carried out the work unfunded. One person whom I interviewed was Patrick Blackett’s daughter… I have no idea whether she mentioned it to anyone, I only discussed my interview data with Brown and my Prof at Bangor, as agreed with my interviewees, but other people saw me with Patrick Blackett’s daughter because she stopped and chatted to a few people while I was in the village with her.
Raymond Gosling might have wondered what was going to be published by Baker and Brown next. I will discuss John Randall and Rosalind Franklin’s relationship further shortly.
In addition to the X-Ray diffraction work, Randall’s Unit at King’s conducted a wide-ranging programme of research by physicists, biochemists and biologists. Randall was also successful in integrating the teaching of biosciences at King’s College.
Randall married Doris, daughter of a colliery surveyor, in 1928. They had one son, Christopher, born in 1935.
In 1970 John Randall moved to Edinburgh University, where he formed a group which applied a range of new biophysical methods to various biomolecular problems.
- In 1938 Randall was awarded a Doctor of Science by the University of Manchester.
- In 1943 he was awarded (with Harry Boot) the Thomas Gray memorial prize of the Royal Society of Arts for the invention of the cavity magnetron.
- In 1945 he was awarded the Duddell Medal and Prize by the Physical Society of London and shared a payment from the Royal Commission on Awards to Inventors for the magnetron invention.
- In 1946 he was elected FRS and was awarded their Hughes medal in the same year
- Further awards (with Boot) for the magnetron work were, in 1958, the John Price Wetherill Medal of the Franklin Institute of the state of Pennsylvania and, in 1959, the John Scott award of the city of Pennsylvania.
- In 1962 he was knighted, and in 1972 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (FRSE)
John Randall died on 16 June 1984, just as I graduated and D.G.E. Wood was referring me to Tony Francis post-Gwynne…
Randall’s colleague Henry Boot was born in Birmingham, attended King Edward’s School, Birmingham and Birmingham University. Paul Bates, the man who held Brown hostage in his hall of residence with a swordstick in early 1983 and then tried to kill Brown a few years later (see previous posts), went to the same school as Henry Boot.
After a brief time at British Thomson-Houston, Rugby, in the latter years of WW II, Boot returned to Birmingham University as the Nuffield Research Fellow. In 1948 Boot joined the Scientific Civil Service and was appointed Principal Scientific Officer at Services Electronic Research Laboratories, in Baldock in Hertfordshire.
Boot enjoyed sailing, owning two boats at Salcombe in Devon. He frequently went down there to the family holiday home with his wife Penelope and his two sons, Christopher and Nicholas. Janet Mitchell, the girl whom I knew when I was young who became an engineer and who’s career benefited greatly as a result of the Westland Affair when Heseltine and Sir Anthony Meyer – the Westminster Swinger and Tory MP for West Flintshire, which became Clwyd North West, 1970-92 – used their knowledge of what was happening to me at the hands of the Gang to try and bring Thatch down (see post ‘Those Who Are Ready To Serve’ and ‘A Legend Lives’), used to always go to Salcombe for her holidays.
Hey Heseltine, Brown and I would have loved to have brought Thatch down as well! We could have as well what with our evidence re Gwynne the Royal Lobotomist and the Gang. But like the BMA, you were busy shafting us, so Thatch remained in place and after you’d knocked her off of her perch, Major bagged the job! Oh but you worked with the Gang yourself when you did your ‘I’m here to save Liverpool bit’ didn’t you. And you worked with their partner-in-crime from Bermondsey Lord Bob Mellish on the London Docklands Development Corporation… See previous posts.
In June 1993, the world enjoyed the spectacle of Heseltine looking as though he was on his last legs after he had a heart-attack in Venice. Heseltine was in Venice to discuss ‘something’ with his old pal Lord Alistair McAlpine. Lord M was accused of discussing Asil Nadir with Heseltine in Venice, which he hotly denied. In June 1993, Patient F and I were awaiting trial as the Gang were in the middle of yet another plot to have me incarcerated. It went pear shaped when Jackie Brandt began crying in the witness box and admitted that she’d lied to the police and perjured herself. Lord McAlpine sued the arse off of a few people a few years ago after former Bryn Estyn resident Steve Messham wrongly named McAlpine as the Tory big wig who molested boys in care in north Wales. Steve was probably thinking of Peter Morrison; if you’re 14 and in Bryn Estyn you won’t know one Tory grandee from another. But I did and I still do, as Mr Heseltine knows, because Heseltine was Torying around as the MP for Tavistock in Devon when my grandfather was denouncing Edward du Cann as a crook and Maurice Macmillan was swindling my father.
McAlpine, like Heseltine, knew what was going on in north Wales. Heseltine survived his heart problems unlike John Smith, Derek Fatchett and Robin Cook (see previous posts), but it did put an end to his hopes of being PM, as his Harley Street Top Docs told him. See post ‘A Legend Lives’…
So who were you discussing with McAlpine in Venice then Heseltine? Count yourself lucky that you were just stopped from becoming PM and not actually bumped off you lisping idiot.
Two young hopefuls:
Harley Street heart docs will know Princess Di’s pal Heart Surgeon Khan…
Harry Boot retired in 1977 and died in Cambridge on 8 February 1983.
In 1940, the Fall of France and the possibility that Britain might be invaded prompted Oliphant to send his wife and children to Australia. The Fall of Singapore in February 1942 led Oliphant to offer his services to John Madsen, the Professor of Electrical Engineering at Sydney University and the Head of the Radiophysics Laboratory at the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research
Oliphant embarked for Australia, reaching Fremantle on 27 May 1942. Oliphant persuaded Professor Thomas Laby to release Eric Burhop and Leslie Martin from their work on optical munitions to work on radar, and they succeeded in building a cavity magnetron in their laboratory at Melbourne University in May 1942. Oliphant worked with Leslie Martin on the process of moving the magnetrons for the laboratory to the production line.
At the University of Birmingham in March 1940, Otto Frisch and Rudolf Peierls examined the theoretical issues involved in developing, producing and using atomic bombs in the paper known as the Frisch–Peierls memorandum. They considered what would happen to a sphere of pure uranium-235 and found that not only could a chain reaction occur, but it might require as little as 1 kilogram (2 lb) of uranium-235 to unleash the energy of hundreds of tons of TNT. The first person they showed their paper to was Oliphant and he immediately took it to Tizard, the chairman of the Committee for the Scientific Survey of Air Warfare (CSSAW). A special subcommittee of the CSSAW known as the MAUD Committee was created to investigate the matter further. It was chaired by Sir George Thomson, and its original membership included Oliphant, Chadwick, Cockcroft and Moon. In its final report in July 1941, the MAUD Committee concluded that an atomic bomb might be produced as early as 1943. Britain was at war and authorities there thought that the development of an atomic bomb was urgent, but there was much less urgency in the US. Oliphant was one of the people who pushed the American program into motion.
On 5 August 1941, Oliphant flew to the US ostensibly to discuss the radar-development program, but was assigned to find out why the US was ignoring the findings of the MAUD Committee. He later recalled: “the minutes and reports had been sent to Lyman Briggs, who was the Director of the Uranium Committee, and we were puzzled to receive virtually no comment. I called on Briggs in Washington [DC], only to find out that this inarticulate and unimpressive man had put the reports in his safe and had not shown them to members of his committee. I was amazed and distressed.”
Oliphant then met with the Uranium Committee at its meeting in New York on 26 August 1941. Samuel K. Allison, a new member of the Committee, was an experimental physicist and a protégé of Arthur Compton at Chicago University. He recalled that Oliphant “came to a meeting and said ‘bomb’ in no uncertain terms. He told us we must concentrate every effort on the bomb, and said we had no right to work on power plants or anything but the bomb. The bomb would cost 25 million dollars, he said, and Britain did not have the money or the manpower, so it was up to us.” Oliphant then travelled to Berkeley, where he met his friend Lawrence on 23 September 1941, giving him a copy of the Frisch–Peierls memorandum. Lawrence passed the figures to Robert Oppenheimer to check, thus bringing Oppenheimer into the project. Oliphant found another ally in Oppenheimer and he not only managed to convince Lawrence and Oppenheimer that an atomic bomb was feasible, but inspired Lawrence to convert his cyclotron into a giant mass spectrometer for electromagnetic isotope separation, a technique Oliphant had pioneered in 1934.
A meeting with Major General Leslie Groves, the Director of the Manhattan Project, at Berkeley in September 1944, convinced Oliphant that the Americans intended to monopolise nuclear weapons after the war, restricting British research and production to Canada and not permitting nuclear weapons technology to be shared with Australia. Oliphant bypassed James Chadwick, the Head of the British Mission and sent a report direct to Wallace Akers, the Head of the Tube Alloys Directorate in London. Akers summoned Oliphant back to London for consultation. En route, Oliphant met with Chadwick and other members of the British Mission in Washington, where the prospect of resuming an independent British project was discussed. Chadwick was adamant that the cooperation with the Americans should continue and that Oliphant and his team should remain until the task of building an atomic bomb was finished.
Oliphant returned to England in March 1945 and resumed his post as a Professor of Physics at the University of Birmingham. He was on holiday in Wales with his family when he first heard of the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. He was later to remark that he felt “sort of proud that the bomb had worked, and absolutely appalled at what it had done to human beings”. Oliphant became a harsh critic of nuclear weapons and a member of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, saying, “I, right from the beginning, have been terribly worried by the existence of nuclear weapons.”
It’s almost as good as We Didn’t Know.
In April 1946, the Australian PM, Ben Chifley, asked Oliphant if he would be a technical advisor to the Australian delegation to the newly formed United Nations Atomic Energy Commission (UNAEC), which was debating international control of nuclear weapons. Oliphant agreed, and joined the Minister for External Affairs, H. V. Evatt and the Australian Representative at the UNA, Paul Hasluck, to hear the Baruch Plan. The attempt at international control was unsuccessful.
Chifley and the Secretary for Post-War Reconstruction, Dr H. C. “Nugget” Coombs, discussed with Oliphant a plan to create a new research institute that would attract the world’s best scholars. They hoped to start by attracting three of Australia’s most distinguished expatriates: Oliphant, Howard Florey and Keith Hancock. It was academic suicide; Australia was far from the centres where the latest research was being carried out and communications were poor. But Oliphant accepted, and in 1950 returned to Australia as the first Director of the Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering at the Australian National University.
Oliphant served on the post-war Technical Committee that advised the British Gov’t on nuclear weapons and publicly declared that Britain needed to develop its own nuclear weapons independent of the US to “avoid the danger of becoming a lesser power”. The establishment of a world-class nuclear physics research capability in Australia was intimately linked with the Govts plans to develop nuclear power and weapons.
It was Oliphant who started what became the Manhattan Project. He worked on it with Ernest Lawrence at the Berkeley Radiation Lab, California, developing the fissile component of the Little Boy atomic bomb used in the bombing of Hiroshima in August 1945.
Oliphant retired from the Australian National University in 1967 and was appointed Governor of South Australia, 1971-76, on the advice of PM Don Dunstan. While Governor, Oliphant caused great concern to Dunstan during the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis: ‘The Age’ reported in 1981 that “Sir Mark Oliphant warned the Dunstan Government of the ‘grave dangers’ of appointing an Australian Aborigine, Sir Douglas Nicholls, to succeed him as South Australia’s Governor”. Oliphant had secretly written, “[t]here is something inherent in the personality of the Aborigine which makes it difficult for him to adapt fully to the ways of the white man.” They’re not Civilised like the white man.
Oliphant assisted in the founding of the Australian Democrats Party and he was the Chairman of the meeting in Melbourne in 1977 at which the party was launched. Late in life Oliphant witnessed his wife, Rosa, suffer before her death in 1987 and he became an advocate for voluntary euthanasia.
Oliphant died in Canberra on 14 July 2000, six months after the publication of the Waterhouse Report which found no evidence of the VIP paedophile ring of which some of Oliphant’s friends and colleagues and their offspring were a part.
Oliphant’s father was Harold George “Baron” Oliphant, a civil servant with the South Australian Engineering and Water Supply Department and part-time lecturer in Economics with the WEA. His mother Beatrice was an artist.
Oliphant had four younger brothers, Roland, Keith, Nigel and Donald. His parents were theosophists, and as such were opposed to eating meat. Marcus became a lifelong vegetarian while a boy, after witnessing the slaughter of pigs on a farm.
Oliphant founded the Australian Academy of Science in 1954, teaming up with David Martyn in this. Oliphant was its President until 1956. Oliphant was created a KBE in 1959 and was made a Companion of the Order of Australia (AC) in 1977 “for eminent achievement and merit of the highest degree in the field of public service and in service to the crown”.
Oliphant was survived by his adopted daughter Vivian, his son Michael having died from colon cancer in 1971.
Mark Oliphant’s nephew, Pat Oliphant, is a Pulitzer Prize-winning cartoonist. Oliphant is an Australian-born American artist whose career spanned more than 60 years. His body of work as a whole focuses mostly on American and global politics, culture and corruption; he is particularly known for his caricatures of American presidents and other powerful leaders. Over the course of his career, Oliphant produced thousands of daily editorial cartoons, dozens of bronze sculptures, as well as a large oeuvre of works on paper and paintings. He retired in 2015.
Mark Oliphant’s daughter-in-law, Monica Oliphant, is an Australian physicist specialising in the field of renewable energy. Monica Viviene Oliphant (nee Kammer; born 4 August 1940) began her scientific career with a Master’s degree in physics from London University. She worked for almost 20 years as an energy research scientist for the Electricity Trust of South Australia, but since 2000 has been an independent consultant.
Oliphant was President of the International Solar Energy Society from 2008 to 2009 and is an adjunct Associate Professor at the University of South Australia.
Honours and awards clocked up by Monica include:
2002: South Australia Great Environmental Award 2011: Most Outstanding Contribution to the Clean Energy Network Pioneer Award, Ecogen 2012: World Renewable Energy Network Pioneer Award
2015: Officer of the Order of Australia, presented for services to the renewable energy research in solar photovoltaics 2016: Senior South Australian of the Year
Here’s an old favourite from Robert McGough:
Roger McGough, Adrian Henri and Brian Patten were the three Mersey poets who made it big in the 1960s when it was all happening in Liverpool. McGough was a member of the pop group ‘The Scaffold’ – Paul McCartney’s brother was a member as well – who sung a satirical song, ‘Lily the Pink’, about iatrogenic health problems. They sang it on ‘Top Of The Pops’ for weeks in 1968. To my knowledge, they never sung about Jimmy Savile. Or Dafydd and Gwynne. They knew about Dafydd and Gwynne though, in particular Adrian Henri, who was into pop art and mates with the Beatles. Brian Patten and Roger McGough are still with us, Roger McGough is Radio 4’s Poetry Man. Adrian Henri died in Dec 2000, nine months after the Waterhouse Report was published. He had suffered a stroke two years previously and whoops…
Mark Oliphant’s close friend Sir John Douglas Cockcroft (27 May 1897-18 September 1967) shared the 1951 Nobel Prize in Physics with Ernest Walton for splitting the atom and was instrumental in the development of nuclear power.
After service on the Western Front during WW I, Cockcroft studied electrical engineering at Manchester Municipal College of Technology (which later became UMIST) whilst he was an apprentice at Metropolitan Vickers Trafford Park and was also a member of their research staff. He then won a scholarship to St John’s College, Cambridge, where he sat the tripos exam in June 1924. Ernest Rutherford accepted Cockcroft as a research student at the Cavendish Lab and Cockcroft completed his doctorate under Rutherford’s supervision in 1928. With Ernest Walton and Oliphant he built what became known as a Cockcroft–Walton accelerator. Cockcroft and Walton used this to split the atom.
During WW II Cockcroft became Assistant Director of Scientific Research in the Ministry of Supply, working on radar. He was also a member of the Committee formed to handle issues arising from the Frisch–Peierls memorandum, which calculated that an atomic bomb was feasible, and of the MAUD Committee which succeeded it. In 1940, as part of the Tizard Mission, Cockcroft shared British technology with his counterparts in the United States. In May 1944, John Cockcroft became Director of the Montreal Laboratory, and oversaw the development of the ZEEP and NRX reactors, and the creation of the Chalk River Laboratories.
After WW II Cockcroft became the Director of the Atomic Energy Research Establishment (AERE) at Harwell where the low-powered, graphite-moderated GLEEP became the first nuclear reactor to operate in western Europe when it was started on 15 August 1947. This was followed by BEPO in 1948. Harwell was involved in the design of the reactors and the chemical separation plant at Windscale. Under John Cockcroft’s direction Windscale took part in frontier fusion research, including the ZETA program. His insistence that the chimney stacks of the Windscale reactors be fitted with filters was mocked as Cockcroft’s Folly until the core of one of the reactors ignited and released radionuclides during the Windscale fire of 1957.
My post ‘Those Who Are Ready To Serve’ discussed how Dafydd worked at Windscale before he began his degree at Liverpool Medical School in 1952. Dafydd won’t have been doing anything senior at Windscale because he had already been kicked out of a chemistry degree, but he gained knowledge of some sort of wrongdoing in the nuclear industry while he was at Windscale and used it to his advantage. Dafydd had left Windscale long before the 1957 fire, but the staff at Harwell knew that Windscale were cutting corners re safety. Everyone involved also knew that Harold Macmillan’s Gov’t concealed the safety problems and risks being taken at Windscale because he didn’t want to jeopardise Britain’s chances of a US-Britain deal re nuclear weapons.
In April 1957, Macmillan reaffirmed his strong support for the British nuclear weapons programme. A succession of PMs since WW II had been determined to persuade the United States to revive wartime co-operation in the area of nuclear weapons research. Macmillan believed that one way to encourage such co-operation would be for the United Kingdom to speed up the development of its own hydrogen bomb which was successfully tested on 8 November 1957.
Macmillan’s decision led to increased demands on the Windscale and (subsequently) Calder Hall nuclear plants to produce plutonium for military purposes. As a result, safety margins for radioactive materials inside the Windscale reactor were eroded. This contributed to the Windscale fire on the night of 10 October 1957, which broke out in the plutonium plant of Pile No. 1, and nuclear contaminants travelled up a chimney where the filters blocked some, but not all, of the contaminated material. The radioactive cloud spread to south-east England and fallout reached mainland Europe. Although scientists had warned of the dangers of such an accident for some time, the government blamed the workers who had put out the fire for ‘an error of judgement’, rather than the political pressure for fast-tracking the megaton bomb.
Concerned that public confidence in the nuclear programme might be shaken and that technical information might be misused by opponents of defence co-operation in the US congress, Macmillan withheld all but the summary of a report into the fire prepared for the Atomic Energy Authority by Sir William Penney, Director of the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment. While subsequently released files show that ‘Macmillan’s cuts were few and covered up few technical details’ and that even the full report found no danger to public health, but later official estimates acknowledged that the release of polonium-210 may have led directly to 25 to 50 deaths and anti-nuclear groups linked it to 1,000 fatal cancers.
On 25 March 1957, Macmillan acceded to Eisenhower’s request to base 60 Thor IRBMs in England under joint control to replace the nuclear bombers of the Strategic Air Command, which had been stationed under joint control since 1948 and were approaching obsolescence. Partly as a consequence of this favour, in late October 1957 the US McMahon Act was eased to facilitate nuclear co-operation between the two governments, initially with a view to producing cleaner weapons and reducing the need for duplicate testing. The Mutual Defence Agreement followed on 3 July 1958, speeding up British ballistic missile development, notwithstanding unease expressed at the time about the impetus co-operation might give to atomic proliferation by arousing the jealousy of France and other allies.
Macmillan’s Minister of Health Dennis Vosper ‘resigned as a result of ill health’ on 17 Sept 1957. It was an excuse; Vosper was loyal to Gwynne and the Gang but something happened that caused a panic. Vosper reappeared in the Home Office in 1959 in time to help with concealing more Gwynne-related crap and the run-up to Profumo, but he died on 20 Jan 1968, four years after bagging a peerage but decades before the other Health Ministers of his era… See previous posts.
Dafydd qualified as a Top Doc just months before the Windscale fire and was offered a job at Denbigh with Gwynne…
From 1959 to 1967, John Cockcroft was the first Master of Churchill College, Cambridge. He was also Chancellor of the Australian National University, Canberra, 1961-65.
In addition to winning, along with Ernest Walton, the Hughes Medal and 1951 Nobel Prize in Physics, Cockcroft received numerous awards and accolades over the years. He became a knight bachelor in December 1948 and was created a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in May 1953. Cockcroft became an Order of Merit member in December 1956. He also received the Royal Medal in 1954, the Faraday Medal in 1955, the American Medal of Freedom in 1947 and Atoms for Peace Award in 1961. Cockcroft was made a Chevalier de la Legion d’Honneur by France in 1952 and was awarded the Knight Commander of the Military Order of Christ by Portugal in 1955, and the Grand Cross of the Order of Alfonso X by Spain in 1958.
Cockcroft at a sod turning for the Saskatchewan Accelerator Laboratory in Saskatoon, Canada in May 1962.
Several buildings in the UK are named after John Cockcroft: the Cockcroft building at the New Museums Site of Cambridge University; the Cockcroft Institute at Daresbury Laboratory in Cheshire; the Cockcroft building of Brighton University; and the Cockcroft building of Salford University. A building at the Australian National University is named after Cockcroft.
John Cockcroft was shocked when he was informed on 10 September 1945 that the British physicist Alan Nunn May, who worked at the Chalk River Laboratories, was a Soviet spy. In August 1947, Cockcroft was one of the scientists who signed a petition urging that Nunn May’s 10 year prison sentence be reduced, an act he later regretted. It was by no means the worst misjudgement on the part of Cockcroft.
Dr Dafydd Alun Jones
As if Sir John Cockcroft were not terrifying enough, I am fairly sure that Mark Oliphant and Patrick Blackett’s colleague James Chadwick, the physicist who won the 1935 Nobel Prize for his 1932 discovery of the neutron, is the biggest clue to Dafydd’s place at Liverpool Medical School and the funding for it.
Sir James Chadwick (20 October 1891-24 July 1974) wrote the 1941 final draft of the MAUD Report. Chadwick was the Head of the British team who worked on the Manhattan Project. He was knighted in Britain in 1945 for his achievements in physics.
James Chadwick was born in Bollington, Cheshire. In 1895, his parents moved to Manchester, leaving him in the care of his maternal grandparents. He went to Bollington Cross Primary School and attended the Central Grammar School for Boys in Manchester, rejoining his parents in Manchester. Chadwick had won a place at Manchester Grammar School but his parents couldn’t afford the accessories required if he attended Manchester Grammar. Chadwick had two younger brothers, Harry and Hubert; a sister had died in infancy.
Chadwick studied at the Victoria University of Manchester where the Dept of Physics was headed by Rutherford. Rutherford assigned research projects to final year students and he instructed Chadwick to devise a means of comparing the amount of radioactive energy of two different sources. Rutherford’s suggested approach was unworkable – something Chadwick knew but was afraid to tell Rutherford – so Chadwick devised the required method. The results became Chadwick’s first paper, co-authored with Rutherford, published in 1912, the year after Chadwick graduated.
Chadwick remained at Manchester studying under Rutherford for his Master’s. Following his Master’s, Chadwick became a Beyer Fellow and was then awarded an 1851 Research Fellowship. Chadwick elected to study beta radiation under Hans Geiger at the Physikalisch-Technische Reichsanstalt in Berlin, where Chadwick met Einstein. Chadwick was in Germany when WW I broke out and he spent the next four years in the Ruhleben internment camp near Berlin, where he was allowed to set up a lab and conduct scientific experiments, with the help of Charles Drummond Ellis
Chadwick was released after the Armistice and returned to his parents’ home in Manchester, where he wrote up his findings over the previous four years.
After WW I, Rutherford gave Chadwick a part-time teaching position at Manchester, allowing him to continue research. In April 1919, Rutherford became Director of the Cavendish Lab at Cambridge and Chadwick joined him there a few months later. Chadwick enrolled as a PhD student under Rutherford at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge. His degree was awarded in June 1921. In November 1921 Chadwick became a Fellow of Gonville and Caius College.
The Chairman of the Advisory Council of the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, Sir William McCormick arranged for Chadwick to become Rutherford’s Assistant Director of Research. In this role, Chadwick helped Rutherford select PhD students. Over the next few years these would include John Cockcroft, Norman Feather and Mark Oliphant, who would become firm friends with Chadwick. As many students had no idea what they wanted to research, Rutherford and Chadwick would suggest topics. Chadwick edited all the papers produced by the Cavendish Laboratory.
The man who gave James Chadwick such a great opportunity, Sir William Symington McCormick (29 April 1859-22 March 1930) was born in Dumfries, Scotland. After graduating with an MA from Glasgow University he worked for a short time as an assistant lecturer in mathematics before attending the University of Gottingen and the University of Marburg to study literature. On his return to Scotland, McCormick worked as an assistant lecturer in English literature. In 1890, McCormick was appointed as Professor of English Language and Literature by the then University College, Dundee, alongside a lectureship at St Andrew’s University. When the women only Queen Margaret College amalgamated with the University of Glasgow in 1892–93, McCormick became the Head of Department and Lecturer on English language and literature there.
In 1900 McCormick was asked by the GMC to prepare a report on preliminary examination for medical students. The dear old GMC have Gwynne and Dafydd-links predating Gwynne and Dafydd’s births, it is truly impressive.
Sir William, preparing for How Very Dare You in decades to come:
The following year, Sir William was appointed as the first Secretary of the Carnegie Trust.
From 1906 until his death, McCormick held a number of Gov’t committee positions related to state university funding. Alongside his many other positions, he served as Chairman of the Advisory Council for Scientific and Industrial Research from 1915, in which post he prepared the society of the future for Dafydd.
In 1928 Sir William was elected to the Fellowship of the Royal Society under its Statute 12 regulation for “conspicuous service to the cause of science, [and] such that his election would be of signal benefit to the Society”.
In 1897 McCormick married Mabel Emily Cook, daughter of Sir Frederick Cook, 2nd Baronet in 1897. Together, they had one son and two daughters. They lived in Hampstead.
McCormick died at sea on 22 March 1930. I don’t know if he actually went overboard like Cap’n Bob or whether like David Frost he was stricken by an affliction that he might have survived if only the ship hadn’t been just outside the get-help-quick- from-dry-land zone. See previous posts.
With the onset of the Great Depression in the UK, the Gov’t became more parsimonious with funding for science. At the same time, Ernest Lawrence’s recent invention, the cyclotron, promised to revolutionise experimental nuclear physics and Chadwick felt that the Cavendish laboratory would fall behind unless it also acquired one. Chadwick therefore chafed under Rutherford, who clung to the belief that good nuclear physics could still be done without large, expensive equipment and turned down the request for a cyclotron.
In March 1935, Chadwick received an offer of the Lyon Jones Chair of Physics at Liverpool University, in his wife Aileen’s home town, to succeed Lionel Wilberforce. In 1925, Chadwick met Aileen Stewart-Brown, the daughter of a Liverpool stockbroker. The two were married in August 1925, with the Russian physicist Peter Kapitza as best man. The couple had twin daughters, Joanna and Judith, who were born in February 1927.
The Liverpool laboratory was antiquated but Chadwick seized the opportunity, assuming the Chair on 1 October 1935. The University’s prestige was soon bolstered by Chadwick’s Nobel Prize, which was announced in November 1935. Chadwick set about acquiring a cyclotron for Liverpool. To build the cyclotron, Chadwick brought in two young experts, Bernard Kinsey and Harold Walke, who had worked with Ernest Lawrence at the University of California. The cyclotron was installed and running in July 1939.
For his discovery of the neutron, Chadwick was awarded the Hughes Medal by the Royal Society in 1932, the Nobel Prize in Physics, in 1935, the Copley Medal in 1950 and the Franklin Medal in 1951. Chadwick’s discovery of the neutron led to the work of Enrico Fermi for which Fermi received the Nobel Prize in 1938.
At Liverpool the Medicine and Science faculties worked together closely.
Chadwick was automatically a Committee member of both faculties and in 1938 he was appointed to a Royal Commission headed by Lord Derby to investigate the arrangements for cancer treatment in Liverpool.
James Chadwick, Nobel Prize Winner, colleague of Patrick Blackett – who’s daughter was married to a Manchester surgeon – with Major General Leslie R. Groves, the Director of the Manhattan Project:
By early 1945, Chadwick was spending most of his time in Washington, D.C., and his family relocated from Los Alamos to a house on Washington’s Dupont Circle in April 1945. Chadwick was present at the meeting of the Combined Policy Committee on 4 July when Field Marshal Sir Henry Maitland Wilson gave Britain’s agreement to use the atomic bomb against Japan and at the Trinity nuclear test on 16 July 1945, when the first atomic bomb was detonated. William L. Laurence, the ‘New York Times’ reporter attached to the Manhattan Project, wrote that “never before in history had any man lived to see his own discovery materialize itself with such telling effect on the destiny of man.”
Dafydd and Gwynne’s mate James Chadwick was no doubt one of the many who Didn’t Know.
Shortly after the war ended, Chadwick was appointed to the Advisory Committee on Atomic Energy (ACAE). He was also appointed as the British Scientific Advisor to the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission. He clashed with fellow ACAE member Patrick Blackett who disagreed with Chadwick’s conviction that Britain needed to acquire its own nuclear weapons; but it was Chadwick’s position that was ultimately adopted. Chadwick returned to Britain in 1946.
At this time, Sir James Mountford, the Vice Chancellor of the University of Liverpool, wrote in his diary “he had never seen a man ‘so physically, mentally and spiritually tired” as Chadwick, for he “had plumbed such depths of moral decision as more fortunate men are never called upon even to peer into … [and suffered] … almost insupportable agonies of responsibility arising from his scientific work’.”
What was causing the agonies I wonder? This:
James Mountford was a Prof of Latin who served as VC of Liverpool University, 1945-63. Mountford was VC when Dafydd was given a place on the medicine degree and allowed to qualify. He was also VC when Sir Charles Evans was either butchering patients or exploring the Himalayas. I can’t find out much about Mountford online, perhaps Liverpool University are trying to forget about him.
However Sir James’s papers are in the National Archives and he was immortalised in oils:
Sir James died in 1979, the year that Dafydd unlawfully imprisoned Mary Wynch.
In 1948, Chadwick accepted an offer to become the Master of Gonville and Caius College. The job was prestigious but ill-defined; the Master was the titular head of the College, but authority actually resided in a council of 13 fellows, of whom one was the Master. As Master, Chadwick strove to improve the academic reputation of the college. He sought to bring talent into the college. This involved controversial decisions, such as hiring in 1951 the Chinese biochemist Tien-chin Tsao and the Hungarian-born economist Peter Bauer. In what became known as the Peasants’ Revolt, Fellows led by Patrick Hadley voted an old friend of Chadwick’s off the Council and replaced him with Bauer. More friends of Chadwick’s were removed over the following years, and he retired in November 1958. It was during Chadwick’s Mastership that Francis Crick, a PhD student at Gonville and Caius College, and James Watson, discovered the structure of DNA. Or rather took the credit for Rosalind Franklin discovering the structure of DNA.
Chadwick received many honours, including the Medal for Merit from the United States and the Pour le Mérite from Germany He was elected FRS in 1927 and in 1946 he became a foreign member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Chadwick was made a Companion of Honour in the New Year Honours on 1 January 1970 for “services to science”.
Chadwick became more frail and seldom left his flat, although he travelled to Liverpool for celebrations of his 80th birthday. Chadwick died in his sleep on 24 July 1974.
Patrick Blackett died on 13 July 1974.
I wonder what Dafydd and Gwynne were up to in 1974? Heath lost the election, Wilson was elected as PM, oh who knows, Dafydd and Gwynne had so many people over a barrel I can only continue to marvel that no-one just killed them and put an end to the idiocy. Surely a Nobel Prize winner somewhere could have come up with that solution?
The Chadwick Laboratory at the University of Liverpool is named after James Chadwick, as is its Sir James Chadwick Chair of Experimental Physics, which was named after him in 1991 as part of celebrations of the centenary of his birth. A crater on the moon is also named after Chadwick. There is also a James Chadwick Building at the University of Manchester. A crater on the moon is named after Chadwick, as a crater is named after Patrick Blackett. Surely it is only fair that one of the moon’s craters should now be called ‘Dafydd’?
The Soup Dragon can claim Welsh heritage, tracing his ancestry back to Owain Glyndwr.
James Chadwick was described by the UK Atomic Energy Authority official historian Lorna Arnold as “a physicist, a scientist-diplomat, and a good, wise, and humane man.” Even if he was mates with a gang of sex offenders and his reputation and status was used to secure career in medicine for a serious criminal and afford him and everyone who worked with him complete protection no matter how serious the crime became.
In September 1940 after a top secret landmark conference with Churchill at which Henry Tizard’s opposition to R.V. Jones‘ view that the Germans had established a system of radio-beam bombing aids (Battle of the Beams) over the UK had been overruled, Tizard led what became known as the Tizard Mission to the United States, which introduced to the US, among others, the newly invented resonant-cavity magnetron and other British radar developments, the Whittle gas turbine, and the British Tube Alloys(nuclear weapons) project.
In 1946 Tizard remained in the defence establishment, chairing the Defence Research Policy Committee.
In 1948 Tizard returned to the Ministry of Defence as Chief Scientific Adviser, a post he held until 1952. The MoD’s Nick Pope states that:
The Ministry of Defence’s UFO Project has its roots in a study commissioned in 1950 by the MOD’s then Chief Scientific Adviser, the great radar scientist Sir Henry Tizard. As a result of his insistence that UFO sightings should not be dismissed without some form of proper scientific study, the department set up arguably the most marvellously-named committee in the history of the civil service, the Flying Saucer Working Party (FSWP).
Tizard had followed the official debate about ghost rockets with interest and was intrigued by the increasing media coverage of UFO sightings in the UK, America and other parts of the world. Using his authority as Chief Scientific Adviser at the MoD Tizard decided that the subject should not be dismissed without proper, official investigation. Accordingly, he agreed that a small Directorate of Scientific Intelligence/Joint Technical Intelligence Committee (DSI/JTIC) working party should be set up to investigate the phenomenon. This was dubbed the Flying Saucer Working Party. The DSI/JTIC minutes recording this historic development read as follows:
The Chairman said that Sir Henry Tizard felt that reports of flying saucers ought not to be dismissed without some investigation and he had, therefore, agreed that a small DSI/JTIC Working Party should be set up under the chairmanship of Mr Turney to investigate future reports.
After discussion it was agreed that the members of the Working Party should be representatives from DSI1, ADNI(Tech), MI10 and ADI(Tech). It was also agreed that it would probably be necessary at some time to consult the Meteorological Department and ORS Fighter Command but that these two bodies should not at present be asked to nominate representatives.
One of the most controversial meetings Tizard had to attend in his capacity as Chair of the Defence Research Policy Committee would only emerge many years later with the declassification of CIA documents, namely a meeting on 1 June 1951 at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel in Montreal, Canada, between Tizard, Omond Solandt (Chairman of Defence Research and Development Canada) and representatives of the CIA, to discuss ‘brainwashing’.
Tizard was awarded the Air Forces Cross on 2 November 1918 in recognition of his contribution to the war effort. In May 1926, he was elected FRS. Tizard was invested as a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in 1927, a Knight Commander (KCB) in 1937 and a Knight Grand Cross (GCB) in 1949. Tizard was awarded the 1946 Franklin Medal for his work in the field of engineering and presided over the 1948 meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in Dundee.
Tizard died in Fareham, Hampshire in 1959.
Sir Henry Thomas Tizard, Having A Think about a Taxing Problem:
Frederick Alexander Lindemann, 1st Viscount Cherwell, (5 April 1886-3 July 1957) was an influential scientific adviser to the British Gov’t from the early 1940s to the early 1950s, particularly to Churchill. Lindemann advocated the “strategic bombing” of German cities and civilian homes during WW II by knowingly supplying Churchill with erroneous/misinterpreted data from a study on the psychological impact of Germany’s Birmingham Blitz and Hull Blitz on the local populations. Lindemann also doubted the sophistication of the Nazis radar technology and the existence of its ‘V’ weapons programme.
Lindemann was the second of three sons of Adolph Friedrich Lindemann, who had emigrated to the UK circa 1871 and became naturalised. Frederick was born in Baden-Baden in Germany. His American mother Olga Noble was the widow of a wealthy banker.
After schooling in Scotland and Darmstadt Lindemann attended Berlin University. He carried out research in physics at the Sorbonne and for this and other scientific work, Lindemann was elected FRS in 1920.
Lindemann believed that a small circle of the intelligent and the aristocratic should run the world, resulting in a peaceable and stable society, “led by supermen and served by helots.” Lindemann supported eugenics and held the working class, homosexuals and blacks in contempt and supported sterilisation of the mentally incompetent.
At the outbreak of WW I, Lindemann was playing tennis in Germany had to leave in haste to avoid internment. In 1915, he joined the staff of the Royal Aircraft Factory at Farnborough. Lindemann developed a mathematical theory of aircraft spin recovery and later learned to fly so that he could test his ideas himself. Prior to Lindemann’s work, a spinning aircraft was almost invariably unrecoverable and the result to the pilot fatal.
In 1919 Lindemann was appointed Professor of Experimental Philosophy (physics) at Oxford University and Director of the Clarendon Laboratory, largely on the recommendation of Henry Tizard, who had been his colleague in Berlin.
Around this time, Churchill’s wife Clementine partnered with Lindemann for a charity tennis match. Churchill and Lindemann became close friends and remained so for 35 years, with Lindemann visiting Chartwell more than 100 times from 1925 to 1939. Lindemann opposed the General Strike of 1926, and mobilised the reluctant staff of the Clarendon to produce copies of Churchill’s anti-strike newspaper, the British Gazette. Lindemann was also alarmed and fearful of political developments in Germany.
In the 1930s, Lindemann advised Winston Churchill when the latter was out of Government – the Wilderness Years – and leading a campaign for rearmament. He appointed to the Clarendon one of Churchill’s social set that included the Mitfords and the Cavendish family, the young Welshman Derek Jackson. This young physicist, the son of Sir Charles Jackson, transferred from the Nobel prize-winning labs at Cambridge and worked on Lindemann’s top-secret nuclear energy projects.
DEREK JACKSON HERE
Lindemann moved in rich circles at Biddesden, the Earl of Iveagh‘s home, hosted with literary luminaries Augustus John, Lytton Strachey, John Betjeman, Evelyn Waugh, the Carringtons and the Mitfords, the Sitwells and the Huxley families. One frequently intoxicated visitor was a wayward Randolph Churchill.
In 1932, Lindemann joined Winston to complete a road trip throughout Europe and were dismayed at what they saw ie. Germany arming.”. Lindemann was prevailed upon to release Derek Jackson in 1940 to join the RAF at Loughbourgh; he flew in the Battle of Britain and won a DFC. Lindemann also assisted the new PM Churchill?? in the rescue of a number of German Jewish physicists, primarily at the University of Göttingen, to emigrate to Britain supplementing the vital war work developing at the Clarendon Laboratory, including the Manhattan Project.
Churchill got Lindemann onto the “Committee for the Study of Aerial Defence” which under Sir Henry Tizard was putting its resources behind the development of radar. Lindemann’s presence was disruptive, insisting instead that his own ideas of aerial mines and infra-red beams be given priority over radar. To resolve the situation the Committee dissolved itself to reform as a new body without Lindemann. He stayed in close contact with the Jacksons at Rignell Farm, who enriched a poor wartime diet with dairy products they brought into Oxford themselves.
When Churchill became Prime Minister, he appointed Lindemann as the British government’s leading scientific adviser, with David Bensusan-Butt as his private secretary. Lindemann attended meetings of the War Cabinet, accompanied the prime minister on conferences abroad, and sent him an average of one missive a day. He saw Churchill almost daily for the duration of the war and wielded more influence than any other civilian adviser. He would hold this office again for the first two years of Churchill’s peacetime administration (1951-5).
Lindemann established a special statistical branch, known as ‘S-Branch‘, within the government, constituted from subject specialists, and reporting directly to Churchill. This branch scrutinised the performance of the regular ministries and prioritised the logistical machinery of warfare. S-Branch distilled thousands of sources of data into succinct charts and figures, so that the status of the nation’s food supplies (for example) could be instantly evaluated. Lindemann’s statistical branch often caused tensions between government departments, but because it allowed Churchill to make quick decisions based on accurate data which directly affected the war effort, its importance should not be underestimated.
Churchill used to say that the Prof’s brain was a beautiful piece of mechanism, and the Prof did not dissent from that judgement. He seemed to have a poor opinion of the intellect of everyone with the exception of Lord Birkenhead, Mr Churchill and Professor Lindemann; and he had a special contempt for the bureaucrat and all his ways. The Ministry of Supply and the Ordnance Board were two of his pet aversions, and he derived a great deal of pleasure from forestalling them with new inventions. In his appointment as Personal Assistant to the Prime Minister no field of activity was closed to him. He was as obstinate as a mule, and unwilling to admit that there was any problem under the sun which he was not qualified to solve. He would write a memorandum on high strategy one day, and a thesis on egg production on the next. He seemed to try to give the impression of wanting to quarrel with everybody, and of preferring everyone’s room to their company; but once he had accepted a man as a friend, he never failed him, and there are many of his war-time colleagues who will ever remember him with deep personal affection. He hated Hitler and all his works, and his contribution to Hitler’s downfall in all sorts of odd ways was considerable.
With power, Lindemann was able to sideline Tizard; especially after Tizard did not acknowledge that the Germans were using radio navigation to bomb Britain.
Lindemann has been described as having “an almost pathological hatred for Nazi Germany, and an almost medieval desire for revenge was a part of his character”. Fearing food shortages in Britain, he convinced Churchill to divert 56 percent of the British merchant ships operating in the Indian Ocean to the Atlantic, a move that added two million tons of wheat as well as raw materials for war fighting to stocks in Britain but few ships were available to carry wheat from Australia to India. The Ministry of War Transport warned that such dramatic cuts to shipping capacity in South East Asia would “portend violent changes and perhaps cataclysms in the seaborne trade of large numbers of countries” but the Ministry was ignored. The “menace of famine suddenly loomed up like a hydra-headed monster with a hundred clamouring mouths” according to C. B. A. Behrens in the official history of wartime British shipping. It has been estimated between 1.5 and 4 million people died during the Bengal famine of 1943, while Britain’s stocks of food and raw materials by the end of 1943 were a record 18.5 million tons. Cherwell and Churchill’s policies contributed heavily to the severity of the famine. Other British colonies on the Indian Ocean, including Kenya, Tanganyika and British Somaliland, also suffered famine that year.
Following the Air Ministry Area bombing directive on 12 February 1942, Lindemann presented in a paper on “Dehousing” to Churchill on 30 March 1942, which calculated the effects of area bombardment by a massive bomber force on German cities to break the spirit of the people. His proposal that “bombing must be directed to working class houses. Middle class houses have too much space round them, so are bound to waste bombs” changed accepted conventions of limiting civilian casualties in wartime”.
Lindemann’s ‘dehousing’ paper was based on the false premise that bombing could cause a breakdown in society but was used in support of Bomber Command‘s claim for resources. Lindemann played an important part in the battle of the beams, championing countermeasures against German radio navigation devices to increase the precision of their bombing campaigns. Lindemann undermined the vital work of Sir Henry Tizard and his team who developed all the important radar technology.
Lindemann argued against the rumoured existence of the V-2 rocket, asserting it was “a great hoax to distract our attention from some other weapon”. Lindemann took the view that long-range military rockets were feasible only if they were propelled by solid fuels and would need to be of enormous size. A pivotal exchange where Churchill rebuffed Lindemann occurred at the Cabinet Defence Committee (Operations) meeting on 29 June 1943
Lindemann’s political career was a result of his close friendship with Winston Churchill, who protected Lindemann from the many in Government he had snubbed and insulted. “Love me, love my dog, and if you don’t love my dog, you damn well can’t love me,” Churchill reportedly said to a member of Parliament who had questioned his reliance on Lindemann, and later to the same MP Churchill added, “Don’t you know that he is one of my oldest and greatest friends?”.
In July 1941 Lindemann was raised to the peerage as Baron Cherwell. The following year he was made Paymaster-General by Churchill, an office he retained until 1945. In 1943 he was also sworn of the Privy Council. When Churchill returned as PM in 1951, Lindemann was once again appointed Paymaster-General, this time with a seat in the Cabinet. He continued in this post until 1953. In 1956 he was made Viscount Cherwell of Oxford, in the County of Oxford.
DIED IN HIS SLEEP 3 July 1957- shortly before the Gwynne crisis on Eden’s watch…
RV Jones here
On 7 May 1959 Snow delivered the lecture, The Two Cultures, which provoked “widespread and heated debate”. Subsequently published as The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution, the lecture argued that the breakdown of communication between the “two cultures” of modern society – the sciences and the humanities – was a major hindrance to solving the world’s problems. In particular, Snow argues that the quality of education in the world is on the decline. He wrote:
- A good many times I have been present at gatherings of people who, by the standards of the traditional culture, are thought highly educated and who have with considerable gusto been expressing their incredulity at the illiteracy of scientists. Once or twice I have been provoked and have asked the company how many of them could describe the Second Law of Thermodynamics. The response was cold: it was also negative. Yet I was asking something which is about the scientific equivalent of: ‘Have you read a work of Shakespeare’s?’
- I now believe that if I had asked an even simpler question – such as, What do you mean by mass, or acceleration, which is the scientific equivalent of saying, ‘Can you read?’ – not more than one in ten of the highly educated would have felt that I was speaking the same language. So the great edifice of modern physics goes up, and the majority of the cleverest people in the western world have about as much insight into it as their Neolithic ancestors would have had.
As delivered in 1959, Snow’s lecture specifically condemned the British educational system, as having since the Victorian period over-rewarded the humanities (especially Latin and Greek) at the expense of scientific education. He believed that in practice this deprived British elites (in politics, administration, and industry) of adequate preparation for managing the modern scientific world. By contrast, Snow said, German and American schools sought to prepare their citizens equally in the sciences and humanities, and better scientific teaching enabled those countries’ rulers to compete more effectively in a scientific age. Later discussion of The Two Cultures tended to obscure Snow’s initial focus on differences between British systems (of both schooling and social class) and those of competing countries.
The ‘Two Cultures’ have been very effective at ensuring that politicians and others have been unable to challenge Top Doctors and Snow would have known that. Politics and the Civil Service was and still is crammed with many people who are very well-educated in the arts/humanities/law and impressive in their erudition, but they are completely out of their depth re science. Even poor old Melvyn Bragg stops pompousing when ‘In Our Time’ does science; Melvyn has to be slowly taken through things like the structure of an atom and he doesn’t chivvy the guests along in the way that he does if they are literature scholars.
Regular readers of this blog will know that I have a firm belief that the only reason why Top Doctors are able to do what they are doing at the moment and scream at Gov’ts to give them as much money as they demand yet fail to question their gross misconduct is that huge swathes of the population and those in Gov’t/Civil Service do not feel able to take apart the Top Docs’ claims that they are forging ahead with the most amazing discoveries from which the NHS will be benefiting in just three or four years or that the latest highly priced cancer drug is well worth Gov’t funding because it Gives Hope to cancer patients. It also means that no-one can effectively challenge the substantial amount of research fraud, the fast and loose playing with the results of clinical trials etc.
One Top Doc who has been enthusiastically doing this for a very long time now is David Healy. David is famous and has a cult following, but considering that he has systematically exposed over decades the most appalling practices in medical sciences that have cost a great deal in terms of patient harm and wasted Gov’t resources, he hasn’t had the effect on the malpractice that he should have had. Furthermore other Top Docs really do not like David Healy. I am rude about David because he worked with the Gang in north Wales, he knows exactly how bad they are and what they did to us but he never raised concerns about that, obviously choosing to take on Big Pharma instead. But scientifically David can’t be faulted, he has exposed massive scientific fraud – and been largely ignored outside of his own fan club.
C.P. Snow was a man who would have understood all of this and he also understood the inadequacies of the class based UK education system at the time and that it resulted in the servitude of Patrick Blackett’s neighbours in Croesor, residing in a region dominated by a Royal Lobotomist and his mates who all should have been in prison. Snow knew that Gwynne and north Wales were the tip of a massive iceberg, that Harold Wilson was making Ministerial appointments to conceal it while spinning the line that his Gov’t was all about liberating the ordinary person and ending the cap-doffing… The white heat and Open University were on the way…
When Miranda became PM, Brown and I noticed how many lawyers held senior roles in New Labour Govt’s. Brown thought that it was because the scientifically uneducated Miranda et al believed that legislation could tackle problems effectively; if one got the legislation right, the human race would behave itself. I know realise that, like Harold Wilson, Miranda based his entire strategy on promoting the lawyers who had kept the lid on the Westminster Paedophile Ring. I have also been told that Miranda knew about me and my pals and was trying to make damn sure that we never ever won a case…
Good thinking Batman, but, Miranda, the Top Docs will kill you and yours if they think that you are a threat to them and even your dishonest ways and beaming smile will not protect you. You haven’t seen them at work as an insider and you have no bloody idea…
Someone needs to bring down the BMA, the GMC and MDU and ensure that they never ever come back. Then there will be a chance of the decent Top Docs being given the influence that is needed to run a safe, effective NHS.
C.P. Snow was mates with some of those who benefited from the services laid on by Gwynne and Dafydd and he knew exactly what Wilson was doing. C.P. Snow himself did very nicely indeed out of the Two Cultures.
C.P. Snow’s wife Pamela Hansford Johnson was a literary and social critic. Pamela was born in London. Pamela’s mother, Amy Clotilda Howson, was a singer and actress, from a theatrical family. Her maternal grandfather, C E Howson, worked for the London Lyceum Company, as Sir Henry Irving‘s Treasurer. Pamela’s father, Reginald Kenneth Johnson, was a colonial civil servant who spent much of his life working in Nigeria. Her father died when Pamela was 11 years old, leaving debts; her mother earned a living as a typist. Until Pamela was 22, the family lived at 53 Battersea Rise, Clapham, South London.
Pamela Johnson attended Clapham County Girls Grammar School. At least by the 1960s, Clapham was on the site of the ring facilitated by St George’s Hospital/Springfield. It is only in recent decades that Clapham became gentrified, for much of the 20th century there were people living there who would have been the sort of people targeted by the Gang and their network.
After leaving school at the age of 16, Pamela took a secretarial course and later worked for several years at the Central Hanover Bank and Trust Company. She began her literary career by writing poems, which were published by Victor B. Neuburg in the Sunday Referee. In 1933, Johnson wrote to Dylan Thomas, who had also been published in the same paper and a friendship developed. Marriage was considered, but the idea was ultimately abandoned; which suggests that Pamela was very close to the drunken excessive one who took the piss out of his Welsh neighbours
and wasn’t accepted by Wales until he was safely dead.
In 1936 Pamela married an Australian journalist, Gordon Neil Stewart. Their son Andrew was born in 1941, and a daughter followed in 1944, Lindsay, Baroness Avebury. Baroness Avebury was married to Baron Avebury aka the Liberal politician Eric Lubbock, a pal of Mr Thrope. Pamela and Neil were divorced in 1949. In 1950, Pamela married Philip Snow and their son Philip was born in 1952.
THE PHILIP SNOW who lives in north Wales…
Pamela was a FRSL and received a CBE in 1975. She was awarded the honorary degrees of Hon. DLitt (Temple University, Philadelphia 1963; York University, Toronto; Widener University, Chester, Pennsylvania) and Hon. DHL (Louisville, Kentucky). She was a Fellow of the Center for Advanced Studies at Wesleyan University, of Timothy Dwight College, Yale University and of Founders College, York University, Toronto and held visiting academic positions at other North American universities including Harvard, Berkeley, Haverford and Cornell.
A plaque was unveiled in May 2019 to Pamela Hansford Johnson, above the house that she lived in at 53 Battersea Rise. This blog had begun naming Pamela’s friends by then and was very obviously going to find itself tripping over Pamela sooner or later. Sister Hutt started erecting plaques everywhere to Wimmin who had abandoned the targets of the Gang after I began this blog. I’m glad that the UK is covered in plaques that are telling me where to get off. Every time that I see another plaque commemorating one of the Gang’s network, I think ‘I hadn’t better mess with the one named on that plaque…’
C. P. Snow died in July 1980. Less than a year later, Pamela Hansford Johnson died in London. Her ashes were scattered on the river Avon, at Stratford upon Avon.
Hansford Johnson wrote 27 novels. Her themes centred on the moral responsibility of the individual in their personal and social relations, having shown a serious lack of that herself, as did her husband and friends.
C.P. Snow’s friend the mathematician G. H. Hardy, Godfrey Harold Hardy (7 February 1877-1 December 1947) was also known to biologists for the Hardy–Weinberg principle, a basic principle of population genetics. Profs John Harper and Peter Greig-Smith who were older ecologists in the Dept of Plant Biology at UCNW when I was a student there, 1981-84, would have known of Hardy’s work and very probably Hardy himself, particularly Greig-Smith. Greig-Smith was a Cambridge graduate who left Cambridge post-WW II to work at Manchester University and then Bangor. Greig-Smith knew the Cambridge botanist Prof Edred Henry Corner, who was Douglas Hurd’s uncle. Hurd was Home Secretary when the criminality of the Gang in north Wales reached truly impressive levels. See eg.’ Additional Security Measures’.
G.H. Hardy also was the mentor of the Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan.
G.H. Hardy was born on 7 February 1877, in Cranleigh, Surrey, into a teaching family. His father was Bursar and Art Master at Cranleigh School; his mother had been a senior mistress at Lincoln Training College for teachers. THAT LOT IN NORFOLK??
After Cranleigh School, Hardy was awarded a scholarship to Winchester College. Richard Crossman’s father the High Court judge Sir Charles Stafford Crossman was educated at Winchester, as was Richard Crossman. The Crossman family were descendants of the founder of Winchester College. See previous posts for info on Winchester and its alumni and Charles Stafford Crossman. Charles Crossman was seven years older than G.H. Hardy.
In 1896 Hardy entered Trinity College, Cambridge. Bertrand Russell studied at Trinity, stayed on for postgrad work and then as a Fellow. Russell was five years older than Hardy; they were friends. At Trinity, Hardy’s maths coach was Robert Alfred Herman, While at Cambridge, Hardy joined the Cambridge Apostles, of which Bertrand Russell was also a member. Eric Hobsbawm was an Apostle of a later generation.
The Cambridge spy ring was largely made up of Apostles; the Cambridge spies who became famous as KGB double agents were of Eric Hobsbawm’s generation and some were contemporaries of his at Cambridge. One of the friends of the Cambridge spies was Goronwy Rees who has been named by some as a double agent although Goronwy’s friends and relations robustly denied this. Goronwy Rees served as the Principal of what became Aberystwyth University, 1953-56.
Goronwy himself was a graduate of New College, Oxford and was at New College pretty much the same time as Richard Crossman. Goronwy was born in Aberystwyth; his father was a Calvinistic Methodist Minister. The family later moved to Roath, Cardiff and Goronwy was educated at Cardiff High School for Boys. After New College, Oxford, in 1931 Rees became a Fellow of All Souls College. He then worked for the Manchester Guardian and in 1936 became Assistant Editor of ‘The Spectator’. Sir Clough Williams-Ellis’s father-in-law was Editor of ‘The Spectator’ and several members of the Strachey family worked for the magazine, including Clough’s wife Amabel. Goronwy was a Marxist intellectual during the 1930s, which places him in Eric Hobsbawm’s wider circle. Goronwy Rees’s brother was a High Court judge in Wales who knew Ronnie Waterhouse. See post ‘A Bit More Paleontology’ for further information on Goronwy et al.
Another one of the Cambridge spies was Michael Straight who’s parents established the progressive school Dartington Hall in Devon, to which Bertrand Russell sent his children. Isabel Emmet was the social anthropologist from Manchester University who married a man from Croesor and undoubtedly knew about Dafydd and Gwynne (see eg. ‘Vested Interests Or Common Pool?’). Isabel’s papers are kept at Dartington.
Edith Suschitsky who became Edith Tudor Hart, the mother of Top Doc and passionate supporter of the NHS Dr Julian Tudor Hart, was a spy who knew Goronwy Rees, the Cambridge spies and the rest of the crowd who were facilitating or even committing organised abuse. I have just read a fascinating book about the activities of Edith and her mates; I do hope to blog about at least some of it.
Julian Tudor Spart who died last year became an NHS Hero with a cult following among Top Docs with leftist pretensions, a living saint in their eyes. Tudor Spart practiced as a GP in south Wales for decades and for years Dr Brian Gibbons, the AM for Aberavon and the corrupt Welsh Gov’t Health Minister, 2005-07, who flatly refused to investigate the most serious of complaints against the NHS (see previous posts), was a partner in Tudor Spart’s GP practice. I knew that Tudor Spart was concealing the trafficking ring and the associated serious criminality but I thought that he was just south Wales’s answer to Uncle Harry, an old hypocrite who was doing very nicely out of the I’m Doing It For The Poor line. No, Tudor Spart’s mum was a spy, almost certainly a double agent, who was Of Anthony Blunt, Burgess, Philby, McClean etc. For info on Tudor Spart, see post ‘In Memoriam – Dr Julian Tudor Hart’.
A Welsh Gov’t Health Minister and GP:
A Defender Of The NHS Who’s Mum Was A Spy And Friend Of Elite Paedophiles:
A Total Fucking Idiot:
The Total Fucking Idiot has a wife, the Elena Ceaușescu of Wales, a former children’s social worker…
The Total Fucking Idiot’s former SPAD is now FM and is Supporting His Adult Son who is currently serving an eight year stretch for the brutal rape of a young woman.
Anyone for a Commissioner for the Well Being of Future Generations of Uganda, a snip at £100k pa?
In 1900 G.H. Hardy was elected to a Trinity College fellowship. From 1906 onward Hardy held the position of a lecturer at Cambridge. In 1919 he left Cambridge to take a Chair at New College, Oxford, an institution used to recruit members of the security services. Richard Crossman was a graduate of New College who was also a don there. Crossman recruited for the security services while he worked at New College. Crossman himself was of the generation of New College students who were influenced by HAL (Herbert Albert Laurens) Fisher. Fisher was MP for Sheffield Hallam, a member of Lloyd George’s Gov’t and mates with the Welsh Bloomsbury Set. See previous posts.
Protectors Of Uganda Through The Ages:
Hal’s daughter, Mary Bennett, Principal of St Hilda’s College, Oxford, 1965-80:
Here’s the Protector of Uganda with another Old Stick and a Young Thing trailing along behind:
G.H. Hardy spent the academic year 1928–1929 at Princeton in an academic exchange with Oswald Veblen, who spent the year at Oxford. Hardy left Oxford and returned to Cambridge in 1931, where he held a Chair until 1942.
Hardy was on the governing body of Abingdon School 1922-35.
From 1911 Hardy collaborated with John Edensor Littlewood, in extensive mathematical work. Hardy’s collaboration with Littlewood is among the most successful and famous collaborations in mathematical history.
Sir Peter Swinnerton-Dyer of the UGC who saved UCNW from the jaws of death in 1984 was a Cambridge mathematician who knew this network of mathematicians/Cambridge alumni/Apostles/security services agents. No wonder Sir Peter was able to thrash out an arrangement with Eric Sunderland and Thatch, Carlo’s honour was at stake, Carlo having been a student at Trinity himself. But how did MI5 ever believe that this would be an eternal solution to such serious Naughtiness in High Places?
Swinnerton-Dyer is discussed in previous posts. To remind readers of his highlights: Swinnerton-Dyer was a Fellow of Trinity College, Master of St Catharine’s College and VC of the University of Cambridge, 1979-83.
In 1979, Cambridge mathematician Howard Smith became Director of MI5. Howard was a friend of Asa Briggs, the Protector of Uganda at the Brighton end of Gwynne and Dafydd’s Gang. It was Asa who was one of the movers and shakers in the War On Merfyn when Merfyn was VC of Bangor, Asa having had A Problem With Merfyn since 1967 when Merfyn and two of his mates as students at Sussex University- where Asa was VC – threw red paint over a visiting US official as an anti-Vietnam protest. See post ‘Anthem For Doomed Youth’.
Did you spill Asa’s pint?
G.H. Hardy formulated the Hardy-Weinberg principle of population genetics after he played cricket with the geneticist Reginald Punnett who introduced the problem to him.
Socially, Hardy was associated with the Bloomsbury Group and the Cambridge Apostles; G. E. Moore, Bertrand Russell and J. M. Keynes were friends. He was an avid cricket fan. Hardy was at times politically involved, if not an activist. He took part in the Union of Democratic Control during World War I and For Intellectual Liberty in the late 1930s.
Apart from close friendships, Hardy had a few platonic relationships with young men who shared his sensibilities and often his love of cricket. It was a mutual interest in cricket led him to befriend the young C.P. Snow.
Hardy was a lifelong Bachelor who was not blessed with children and in his final years he was cared for by his sister.
G.H. Hardy is a key character, played by Jeremy Irons, in the 2015 film The Man Who Knew Infinity, based on the biography of Ramanujan with the same title. By 2015, the Gang had forced Merfyn out of public life so they’ll have been gloating.
The Gang had wheeled out Hardy a few years previously before when a lower level of reinforcements were brought in; Hardy is a major character in David Leavitt‘s fictive biography, The Indian Clerk (2007), which depicts his Cambridge years and his relationship with John Edensor Littlewood and Ramanujan.
Eric Hobsbawm’s son Andrew is in the music and media industry. Eric’s daughter Julia is a pal/former business partner of Gordon Brown’s wife Sarah. Sarah Brown personally knows at least one member of the Gang and the Hobsbawms knew loads of them.
Another friend of C. P. Snow, Jacques Martin Barzun (November 30, 1907-October 25, 2012), was a French-American historian. He wrote about a wide range of subjects and was also known as a philosopher of education. The historical retrospective From Dawn to Decadence: 500 Years of Western Cultural Life, 1500 to the Present (2000), widely considered his magnum opus, was published when Barzun was 93 years old.
Jacques Martin Barzun was born in Creteil, France, to Henri-Martin and Anna-Rose Barzun and spent his childhood in Paris and Grenoble. His father was a member of the Abbaye de Créteil group of artists and writers, and also worked in the French Ministry of Labour. Jacques Barzun’s parents’ Paris home was frequented by many modernist artists of Belle Époque France, such as the poet Guillaume Apollinaire, the Cubist painters Albert Gleizes and Marcel Duchamp, the composer Edgard Varèse, and the writers Richard Aldington and Stefan Zweig.
Jacques Barzun’s father wanted him to receive an American university education; thus, the 12 year old Jacques Martin attended a university-prep school and then Columbia University.
As an undergraduate at Columbia College, Barzun was drama critic for the ‘Columbia Daily Spectator’ and a prize-winning President of the Philolexian Society, the Columbia literary and debating club. Barzun obtained his Ph.D. from Columbia in 1932 and taught history there, 1928-55, becoming Professor of History and a founder of the discipline of cultural history. For years, he and literary critic Lionel Trilling conducted Columbia’s Great Books course. Barzun was elected Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1954.
From 1955 to 1968, Barzun served as Dean of the Graduate School, Dean of Faculties, and Provost while also being an Extraordinary Fellow of Churchill College, Cambridge. From 1968 until his 1975 retirement, Barzun was University Professor at Columbia. From 1951 to 1963 Barzun was one of the managing editors of The Readers’ Subscription Book Club, and its successor the Mid-Century Book Society (the other managing editors being W.H. Auden and Lionel Trilling), and afterwards was Literary Adviser to Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1975-93.
In 1936, Barzun married Mariana Lowell, a violinist from a prominent Boston family. They had three children: James, Roger, and Isabel. Mariana died in 1979. In 1980, Barzun married Marguerite Lee Davenport. From 1996 the Barzuns lived in her hometown, San Antonio, Texas. His granddaughter Lucy Barzun Donnelly was a producer of the film Grey Gardens. His grandson, Matthew Barzun, is a businessman who served as the US Ambassador to Sweden, 2009-11 and in 2013 was appointed Ambassador to the UK.
In 2013 Merfyn was forced out of his role as Chairman of the Betsi Cadwaladr University Health Board after a conspiracy on the part of the Gang.
Some people at Croesor maintained that Eric was a snobby old git and he was notorious for having refused to take up occupancy of his second home down there until his mate Clough installed an indoor bog. I was told that the lady who lived in the cottage next door didn’t have an indoor bog and she had five kids.
Here’s something suitable for someone of Eric’s style and sensitivities, Marcel Duchamp’s 1917 work, ‘Fountain’:
Marcel Duchamp didn’t align himself to Dada (the anti-art movement), but lay people like me see him as being in that direction. Dada was anti-bourgeois and had political affinities with the radical left.
Oily’s dad Professor Dai who has reigned supreme at the Arts Council of Wales for many years might like to sponsor a living exhibition of Dada:
It’ll be box office Professor Dai.
Barzun died at his home in Texas on October 25, 2012, aged 104. ‘The New York Times’ called him a “distinguished historian, essayist, cultural gadfly and educator who helped establish the modern discipline of cultural history”. Naming Edward Gibbon, Jacob Burckhardt and Thomas Babington Macaulay as his intellectual ancestors, and calling him “one of the West’s most eminent historians of culture” and “a champion of the liberal arts tradition in higher education,” who “deplored what he called the ‘gangrene of specialism'”, the Torygraph remarked, “The sheer scope of his knowledge was extraordinary. Barzun’s eye roamed over the full spectrum of Western music, art, literature and philosophy.” Essayist Joseph Epstein, remembering him in the ‘Wall Street Journal’ as a “flawless and magisterial” writer who tackled “Darwin, Marx, Wagner, Berlioz, William James, French verse, English prose composition, university teaching, detective fiction, [and] the state of intellectual life”, described Barzun as a tall, handsome man with an understated elegance, thoroughly Americanized, but retaining an air of old-world culture, cosmopolitan in an elegant way rare for intellectuals”.
Barzun did not disdain popular culture: his varied interests included baseball. His widely quoted statement, “Whoever wants to know the heart and mind of America had better learn baseball.” was inscribed on a plaque at the Baseball Hall of Fame.
In 1971, Barzun co-authored (with Wendell Hertig Taylor), A Catalogue of Crime: Being a Reader’s Guide to the Literature of Mystery, Detection, & Related Genres. Barzun wrote the introduction to ‘The Penguin Encyclopaedia of Horror and the Supernatural’.
After retiring from Columbia at 84 years of age, Jacques began writing his swan song to which he devoted the better part of the 1990s, From Dawn to Decadence: 500 Years of Western Cultural Life, 1500 to the Present. Historians, literary critics and popular reviewers all lauded From Dawn to Decadence as a sweeping and powerful survey of modern Western history and it became a New York Times bestseller.
Jacque’s wiki entry states that it ‘was with this work that Jacques gained an international reputation’; Reviewing it in ‘The New York Times’ historian William Everdell called the book “a great achievement” by a scholar “undiminished in his scholarship, research and polymathic interests”.
So did Jacques not have an international reputation until he was 93 years old and had retired from Columbia University?
It was in the 1990s that the Gang sent up distress flares in the face of investigations and inquiries into the abuse of children in north Wales and members of the Gang’s wider network crawled out of every hole in every skirting board and were constructed as Literary/Musical/Artistic Greats. See eg. ‘Feet In Chains’.
Someone who was caught in the crossfire of one of the battles begun by the Gang at that time was Merfyn’s late wife Nerys. See post ‘Badlands’. Nerys then really pissed the Gang off by writing an article for ‘Prospect’ magazine in 1997 that mentioned a problem at Bangor University re inappropriate sexual conduct towards students on the part of some members of staff. See previous posts.
The Gang enlisted the help of a few across the pond via Nerys’s ex-husband, the Harvard sociologist/cultural historian Orlando Patterson. Orlando did his PhD at the LSE in the mid-1960s when the LSE was run by Westminster Swinger Richard Crossman’s mates, the whole lot of them protecting Gwynne, Dafydd and the Gang. See previous posts. Crossman, a senior officer in the British security services was a Cabinet Minister in Harold Wilson’s Gov’ts. When Wilson established the Ministry of Technology and appointed Jacques’ mate C.P. Snow as the Minister’s Parliamentary Secretary, Crossman was Minister of Housing and Local Gov’t.
In 1968, Barzun received the St. Louis Literary Award from the Saint Louis University Library Associates. Barzun was appointed a Chevalier of the National Order of the Legion of Honour.
In 1993, Jacques book “An Essay on French Verse: For Readers of English Poetry” won the Poetry Society of America‘s Melville Cane Poetry Award. Since 1993, the American Philosophical Society has honoured Barzun with its Jacques Barzun Prize in Cultural History, awarded annually to the author of a recent distinguished work of cultural history.
In 1993, the North Wales Police had closed the investigation into a possible VIP paedophile ring in north Wales/Chester and concluded that there was no evidence of such a ring. During the investigation over 100 complaints were made of abuse of kids in care in north Wales. A file was sent to the CPS but not one prosecution was mounted by the DPP, Dame Babs Mills. See post ‘A Future Leader Of The Labour Party?’ and ‘The Mrs Mills Experience’.
However in 1993, the North Wales Police prosecuted me for staring at a social worker in Safeways in Bangor. The social worker concerned, Jackie Brandt, had made a police statement saying that I had screamed and sworn at her and she feared imminent physical assault. At the trial at Bangor Magistrates Court, Brandt got her own name wrong, admitted that she’d lied to the police in the witness box and that I hadn’t actually said anything at all to her and then began crying. But I had looked at her. I was found guilty of causing Brandt ‘alarm and distress’ and had to cough up £60. The Chairman of the Bench was Eyebrows aka Gwynfor, the retired bank manager from Holyhead. See previous posts.
As Thatch would say, remember the name, Gwynfor the corrupt old bastard! And remember the name, Jackie Muriel Brandt! Or should that be Jackie Muriel Billings? After the case I wrote to Michael Mansfield. I received a one line reply. Remember the name, Michael Mansfield! Who is a member of Gray’s Inn, as was Gwynne and Dafydd’s mate Sir William Mars-Jones. Sir William was Ronnie Waterhouse’s friend and for many years his senior colleague in Chambers. Ronnie was a member of Middle Temple, as was Mrs Mills.
In 2003, Jacques was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George Dubya Bush.
On October 18, 2007, Jacques received the 59th Great Teacher Award of the Society of Columbia Graduates in absentia.
On March 2, 2011, Barzun was awarded the 2010 National Humanities Medal by President Barack Obama, although he was not expected to be in attendance. Orlando is a favourite academic of the US black elites. See eg. ‘Right To Reply’.
On April 16, 2011, Jacques received the Philolexian Award for Distinguished Literary Achievement in absentia. Jacques also received the Gold Medal for Criticism from the American Academy of Arts and Letters, of which Jacques was twice President.
C.P. Snow tutored Harry Summerfield Hoff (4 August 1910-5 September 2002) at Christ’s. H.S. Hoff (William Cooper) was born in Crewe, the son of elementary school teachers and read natural sciences at Christ’s College, Cambridge. Crewe the centre of the ring in Cheshire… After graduating in 1933 Hoff was a teacher in Leicester. Hoff served in the Signals Branch of the RAF in WW II and later became a civil servant.
Amongst Hoff’s appointments were posts for the UK Atomic Energy Authority and the Crown Agents. After retiring, Hoff held an academic position with Syracuse University, New York, lecturing on English literature to its students in London.
Hoff wrote four novels between 1934 and 1946 under his own name but made his reputation with his first novel under the pen name William Cooper (used from then on), Scenes from Provincial Life (1950), the first of five more or less autobiographical novels. Scenes from Metropolitan Life, although written in the mid-50s, remained unpublished until 1982, for legal reasons: the real-life prototype for the character of Myrtle, central to the novel, had threatened to sue if it were published. Scenes from Death and Life, Hoff’s last published work, was turned down by Hoff’s publisher Macmillan – guess who’s family owned that?? – and was issued by a small independent company in 1999.
Hoff wrote 17 novels, as well as short stories, two plays and a biography of C.P. Snow. In 1971 he published an account of the trial of the two Hosein brothers, found guilty in 1970 of the kidnapping and murder of Mrs Muriel Mckay, whom they had abducted in the belief that she was the wife of the Dirty Digger. In 1951 Hoff married Joyce Harris. They had two daughters.
In 1976, Hoff published ‘You’re Not Alone: A Doctor’s Diary’. London: Macmillan.
C.P. Snow’s friend John Desmond Bernal (10 May 1901-15 September 1971) was an Irish scientist who pioneered the use of X-ray crystallography. In addition, Bernal supported communism and wrote on the history of science and published popular books on science and society.
Bernal’s family was Irish, of mixed Italian and Spanish/Portuguese Sephardic Jewish origin on his father’s side. His father Samuel Bernal had been raised as a Catholic in Limerick and after graduating from Albert Agricultural College spent 14 years in Australia before returning to Tipperary to buy a farm, Brookwatson, near Nenagh, where Bernal was brought up. His American mother, née Elizabeth Miller, whose mother was from Antrim, was a graduate of Stanford University and a journalist and had converted to Catholicism.
Bernal was educated in England, first for one term at Stonyhurst College which he hated. There have been allegations of a serious sexual abuse problem at Stonyhurst, a Jesuit boarding school. Because of this he was moved to Bedford School for five years, 1914-19. He found it “extremely unpleasant” and most of his fellow students “bored him” though his younger brother Kevin who was also there was “some consolation”
Bedford School educated a great many people who worked for the security services, including Geraint Morgan QC, the Tory MP for Denbigh, 1959-83 and a barrister who worked in Chambers in Manchester; Sir George Godber, Chief Medical Officer, 1960-73; and Godber’s brother Joseph Godber, the Tory MP for Grantham, 1951-79, who knew Thatch from her baby steps in politics. In 1979 Joseph became Lord Godber. Paddy Ashdown also went to Bedford School. See post ‘Politicians Who Resigned On Principle’ for more info and a list of Bedford old boys.
In 1919, John Bernal went to Emmanuel College, Cambridge. Tom King is a graduate of Emmanuel. At Cambridge, Bernal wrote a lengthy paper on crystal structure for which he won a joint prize with fellow Emmanuel student Ronald G.W. Norrish in his third year.
Ronald George Wreyford Norrish
|Born||9 November 1897|
|Died||7 June 1978 (aged 80)|
|Alma mater||University of Cambridge (BA, PhD)|
|Known for||Norrish reaction|
|Institutions||University of Cambridge|
|Thesis||Radiation and chemical reactivity (1924)|
|Doctoral advisor||Eric Rideal|
Ronald George Wreyford Norrish (9 November 1897-7 June 1978) was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1967. Norrish was born in Cambridge and was educated at The Perse School and Emmanuel College, Cambridge. He was a former student of Eric Rideal.
Ronald Norrish was a prisoner in WW I and later commented, with sadness, that many of his contemporaries and potential competitors at Cambridge had not survived the War.
Neither did mine, they were massacred.
After the War, Norrish rejoined Emmanuel College as a Research Fellow in 1925 and later became Head of Dept of Physical Chemistry at Cambridge. For many years at Cambridge the Dept of Physical Chemistry occupied a separate building from the other (and separate) Dept of Chemistry (which encompassed organic, theoretical and inorganic chemistry) led by (Lord) Alexander R. Todd .
Alexander Todd has been discussed in previous posts. Todd was a Scottish biochemist who won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry. Todd was born in Glasgow and graduated from Glasgow University in 1928. He received a PhD from Johann Wolfgang Goethe University of Frankfurt am Main in 1931 for his thesis on the chemistry of the bile acids.
Todd was awarded an 1851 Research Fellowship and, after studying at Oriel College, Oxford, he gained another doctorate in 1933. After Oxford, Todd held posts with the Lister Institute, Edinburgh University (1934–36) and London University.
In 1938, Alexander Todd spent six months as a visiting Professor at California Institute of Technology. Todd became the Chair of Chemistry and Director of the Chemical Laboratories of Manchester University in 1938, where he began working on nucleosides.
In 1944, Todd was appointed to a Chair at Cambridge University, which he held until his retirement in 1971. In 1949, Todd synthesised ATP and FAD. Todd served as a visiting Professor at the University of Chicago in Autumn 1948 and the University of Sydney in 1950.
In 1955, Todd helped elucidate the structure of vitamin B12, although the determination of the final formula and definite structure was attributed to Dorothy Hodgkin; I will discuss this shortly. Todd later studied the alkaloids found in hashish and mari-jew-ana. Not that he taught Dafydd anything about them. Todd served as Chairman of the UK Gov’ts Advisory Committee on Scientific Policy, 1952-64. While Dafydd carried out Research Into Incest On Anglesey and Gwynne lobotomised the victims of sex crime. Then there was Dafydd and Gwynne’s Aversion Therapy for Homosexuality, enthusiastically promoted while they ran a paedophile gang targeting boys. I haven’t got time to discuss the numerous other unethical experiments carried out in the name of UK Scientific Policy, 1952-64, including those carried out by Top Docs on patients without their knowledge or consent. Previous posts have discussed the rampant scientific fraud carried out in World Leading Institutions such as Hammersmith Hospital and the lethal activities of Dr Death’s one-time boss, Dr William Sargant. Todd presided over what was probably the most shameful period of UK Scientific Policy…
Todd was elected a Fellow of Christ’s College, Cambridge in 1944 and was Master, 1963-78. He became Chancellor of Strathclyde University in 1975, and a visiting Professor at Hatfield Poly, 1978–86. Among his many honours, including over 40 honorary degrees, Todd was elected as FRS in 1942, was President of the Royal Society, 1975-80 and became a member of the Order of Merit in 1977.
Alexander Todd was Chairman of the Todd Committee, who reviewed education and training for Top Doctors in the 1960s. Richard Crossman’s mates sat on the Committee, including Richard Titmuss of the LSE while the LSE churned out graduates who colluded with organised abuse in their subsequent careers. See previous posts.
In 1981, Todd became a founding member of the World Cultural Council.
Todd died in Cambridge on 10 January 1997 following a heart attack. Just days after Ronnie Waterhouse opened the Waterhouse Inquiry, just at the time that Patient F and I were acquitted after yet another attempt on the part of the Gang to fit us up and imprison us on the basis of industrial scale perjury. No questions were asked as ever and the documentation in my possession demonstrates a conspiracy that was carefully planned over many, many months with the intention of smearing F with the whiff of a sex offender and sending me to live with Mr Savile in Broadmoor.
My post ‘An Error Of Judgement?’ discussed the extraordinary death of Lord Snowdon’s long term mistress, Ann Hills, on Dec 31 1996 or 1 Jan 1997. Ann was found dead in a kneeling position, dressed in party gear, on the roof of her penthouse. Verdict? Suicide of course. What else??? Ann had been a high class call girl who’s father Top Doc Elliot Philipp was a cousin of Sigmund Freud and a facilitator of the Westminster Paedophile Ring. The inquest into Anne’s death was so ludicrous that it would have made Dewi Pritchard Jones the Coroner in Caernarfon proud. See previous posts.
In 1937 Baron Todd married Alison Sarah Dale (d.1987), daughter of Nobel Prize winner Sir Henry Dale, who, as Todd did, served as President of the Royal Society of London. They had a son, Alexander Henry and two daughters, Helen Jean and Hilary Alison.
It’s a blood line of Nobel laureates…
Todd was honoured as a Nieuwland Lecturer at the University of Notre Dame in 1948 and Arthur D. Little Visiting Professor at MIT in 1954 and a Hitchcock Lecturer at the University of Berkeley, California in 1957.
Todd was knighted as Sir Alexander Todd in 1954 and was created Baron Todd on 16 April 1962.
Todd is commemorated by a blue plaque erected by the Royal Society of Chemistry at the University of Cambridge’s Department of Chemistry.
At Cambridge, Ronald Norrish supervised Rosalind Franklin, future DNA researcher and colleague of James Watson and Francis Crick, and ‘experienced some conflict’ with her. The story of how badly Rosalind Franklin was treated by Crick and Watson is well known now although it didn’t become public for a very long time. Crick and Watson were jealous of Franklin and felt very threatened by her because she was ahead of them re the race to discover the structure of DNA. They only achieved what they did by breaking into her lab and stealing her work. It was pretty disgusting and James Watson continued to insult and offend people into his old age.
The mistreatment of Rosalind Franklin has always been constructed as being a result of the gross sexism that prevailed in science at the time. It was certainly true that Rosalind did suffer from that, but there has been far less said about the dreadful behaviour of Crick and Watson and their contemporaries towards other people on every level. The whole atmosphere seems to have been incredible aggressive and there were no depths to which some people would sink. Previous blog posts which discussed medical research described the rampant research fraud, the bare-faced lies and the shocking collusion on the part of so many with this misconduct that can be traced back decades. I suspect that it is particularly bad in medical research because researchers finding Cures can tap gold mines and be on the end of much adulation; I imagine that a Nobel Prize is worth doing some dreadful things for as well. Crick and Watson were by no means alone in their dreadful treatment of a colleague whom they feared might steal the limelight.
It is also noteworthy that the women scientists who were around at the time didn’t defend Franklin either. Women scientists of that era, like Lady Doctors, only began making a point of naming the Women Whom They Most Admired quite recently. Academic and professional women often didn’t concern themselves with such matters, particularly women in male dominated professions. If they were the sort of women who couldn’t cope with men being traditionally blokeish they would never have been in those fields and their main interest was their work, not gender relations. Some of them also showed the Margaret Thatcher syndrome of being very hostile to other women anyway. They simply did not usually have the sort of discussions that one reads in Guardian online.
I suspect that Rosalind Franklin may well have spent her entire career surrounded by scumbags of all types who’s behaviour became worse when it was clear that she was achieving more than they were. It is entirely possible that Norrish, Watson and Crick got together with a whole variety of people to shaft her. It won’t simply have been because she was a woman…
Norrish’s biography as given on the website of the Nobel Prize provides further interesting information:
Ronald George Wreyford Norrish was born in Cambridge on November 9th, 1897. His father, a native of Crediton, Devonshire,
One of the students at UCNW who was destroyed by D.G.E. Wood and the Gang came from Crediton. I know that Wood made enquiries as to this student’s background, whether his family were influential etc…
came to Cambridge as a young Pharmacist to open one of the early shops of Boots, the Chemists, and remained there for the rest of his long life.
Boots HQ was in Nottingham and Nottingham is very proud of being the home of Boots. Boots knew about Robert Baldwin’s research fraud at the Cancer Research Campaign Labs at Nottingham University in a very direct way because some of Baldwin’s staff and their friends and families worked for Boots. The outrage that was Baldwin was well-known and openly discussed in cancer research and pharmacology circles. See eg. ‘Oh Lordy! It’s CR UK’. The Civil Service mandarin Sir David Fell knew about Baldwin and other outrages as Nottingham University School of Medicine; his daughter Harriet was a medical student there in the mid-1980s and witnessed the shenanigans herself. Harriet later withdrew from the course because she became so disillusioned with events. Sir David is discussed in previous posts. He is a graduate of Queen’s University Belfast and although when I knew Harriet in 1987 the family lived in Surrey, later in his career Sir David was appointed to the very top of the Civil Service with responsibility for N Ireland. Sir David also enjoyed a sideline in the City, holding Directorships in many banks/city firms.
After spending his early years at the local Board school, Norrish obtained a scholarship to the Perse Grammar School in 1910. He remembers with deep gratitude his early teachers, in particular Rouse, Turnbull and Hersch, who gave dedicated and individual help to promising young scholars. In 1915 he obtained an entrance scholarship to Emmanuel College, Cambridge in Natural Sciences, but left in 1916 with a commission in the Royal Field Artillery for service in France. He was made prisoner of war in March 1918 and spent the rest of the war in Germany, first at Rastatt and later at Graudenz in Poland. Repatriated in 1919, he returned to Emmanuel College where he has remained ever since, first as a student and after 1925 as a Fellow. Norrish’s early research was inspired by Eric Redeal (now Sir Eric Redeal) under whose lively supervision he first took up the study of Photochemistry.
In 1925 he was made Demonstrator and in 1930, Humphrey Owen Jones Lecturer in Physical Chemistry in the Department of Chemistry at Cambridge and upon the death of the first Professor of Physical Chemistry, Dr. T.M. Lowry, was appointed to the Professorship in 1937. He occupied the chair until 1965 when he retired as Emeritus Professor of Physical Chemistry in the University.
Norrish has had the good fortune to work with many gifted students and with them has carried out a wide range of research in the fields of Photochemistry and Reaction Kinetics, including Combustion and Polymerisation. As the study of Chemical Kinetics developed, there was a fortunate integration in the various aspects of the study in which his school of work was engaged, as a result of which the importance of Photochemistry and Spectroscopy to Chemical Kinetics in general emerged. All this was sadly brought to a temporary halt in 1940. During the second world war, while still continuing to direct the Department of Physical Chemistry and to teach, Norrish was concerned with a good deal of research work in connection with various ministries and was able to collaborate with his colleagues on various government committees. It was after the war in 1945 when research was recommenced that work was started with the object of observing short lived transients in chemical reactions. In collaboration with his student, now Professor George Porter, this led to the development of Flash Photolysis and Kinetic Spectroscopy which has had considerable influence on the subsequent development of Photochemistry and Reaction Kinetics, and in the hands of workers in many parts of the world is continuing to develop as a powerful technique for the study of all aspects of chemical reaction.
In 1926 Ronald Norrish married Annie Smith who was Lecturer in the Faculty of Education in the University of Wales in Cardiff. They have two daughters and four grandchildren. Much of their time has been spent in travel.
Norrish has served on the Councils of the Chemical Society, the Faraday Society of which he became President in 1951-1955 and on the Council of the Royal Institute of Chemistry of which he was Vice President from 1957 to 1959. He delivered the Liversidge Lecture to the Chemical Society in 1958, the Faraday Memorial Lecture to the Chemical Society in 1965, and the Bakerian Lecture to the Royal Society in 1966. He was President of the British Association Section B (Chemistry) in 1961, and in the same year was made Liveryman of the Worshipful Company of Gunmakers. In 1958 he received the honorary degree of D. de l’U. at the Sorbonne in Paris and also honorary degrees D. Sc. in Leeds and Sheffield in 1965, Liverpool and Lancaster (1968) and British Columbia (1969). He is an honorary member of the Polish Chemical Society and Membre d’honneur of the Société de Chimie Physique in Paris. He is a foreign member of the Polish and the Bulgarian Academies of Sciences, a corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen and of the Royal Society of Sciences in Liege. He is a honorary member of the Royal Society of Sciences in Uppsala and the New York Academy of Sciences. He has received the Meldola medal of the Royal Institute of Chemistry (1926), the Davy medal of the Royal Society (1958), the Lewis medal of the Combustion Institute (1964), the Faraday medal of the Chemical Society (1965) and their Longstaff medal (1969). He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1936 and is still endeavouring to continue to prosecute his scientific activities in Cambridge.
To mark his retirement in 1965, many of his old friends and younger colleagues now occupying distinguished positions in academic and industrial work in Great Britain and abroad collaborated to publish a work entitled “Photochemistry and Reaction Kinetics”. To them and to all others with whom he has worked for over 50 years he is deeply grateful.
Emmanuel College’s website contains a biography of Ronald Norrish but has the additional information that: He lived for much of his life in Park Terrace, adjacent to the grounds of the College, to which his lifelong devotion was marked by two characteristic bequests – one for the College library, the other for the purchase of silver wine-stoups and for gratuities for the College staff.’
‘Stoups’ are goblets. The only place that I have seen the word ‘stoups’ used is in ‘Hamlet’.
George Porter, Baron Porter of Luddenham, (6 December 1920-31 August 2002), was born in Stainforth, near Thorne, South Yorkshire. He was educated at Thorne Grammar School, then studied at Leeds University. Porter received his PhD from Cambridge University in 1949.
Porter served in the RNVR during WW II. Think Mountbatten, Gwynne, Kenneth Robinson, Geoffrey Chamberlain, Edward du Cann, Sir Alec Bingley, Micky Wynn aka Lord Newborough and many more in the Gang’s network, including of course Patrick Blackett. See previous posts eg. ‘The Defence Of The Realm’.
Porter then went on to do research at Cambridge University, supervised by Ronald Norrish, where Porter began the work that ultimately led to them becoming Nobel Laureates.
George Porter was Assistant Director of the British Rayon Research Association 1953-54.
Porter became a Professor in the Chemistry Dept at Sheffield University, 1954-55. Sir Hans Krebs who discovered the Krebs Cycle worked at Sheffield University, 1934-45. See post ‘The Big Questions’. My post ‘The Science Of Animal Behaviour’ discusses the extraordinary success of Hans Krebs’ son, Lord John Krebs. John Krebs was an ornithologist who was nothing special until he went to work in the Dept of Zoology at UCNW in the 1970s and he discovered a paedophile ring. John Krebs’s career took off in a most impressive way after he left Bangor and it received a particularly big boost after Eric Sunderland made that arrangement with Carlo, Thatch and the UGC to wreck my career in return for UCNW being allowed to live to see another day or indeed a few more decades. A peerage for John Krebs was inevitable after the Gang murdered my friend Anne, a PhD student in the Dept of Zoology at UCNW.
During George Porter’s tenure as Prof at Sheffield he also took part in a TV programme describing his work, in the “Eye on Research” series. Porter became Fullerian Professor of Chemistry and Director of the Royal Institution in 1966. During his Directorship of the Royal Institution, Porter was instrumental in the setting up of Applied Photophysics, a company created to supply instrumentation based on his group’s work. Porter became a visiting Professor at UCL in 1967, the year that he won the Nobel Prize. The UCL with all those folk facilitating the Westminster Paedophile Ring.
Porter was a major contributor to the public understanding of science. He became President of the British Association in 1985 and was the founding Chair of the Committee on the Public Understanding of Science (COPUS). Porter gave the Romanes Lecture, entitled “Science and the Human Purpose”, at Oxford University in 1978. In 1988 Porter gave the Dimbleby Lecture, “Knowledge Itself Is Power.”
From 1990 to 1993, during the North Wales Police investigation which found no evidence of a VIP paedophile ring, Porter gave the Gresham lectures in astronomy.
Porter was elected FRS in 1960 and served as President of the Royal Society, 1985–1990, the years that I witnessed research fraud at the CRC Labs at Nottingham University, later found out about fraud and plagiarism at the University of Surrey where I worked 1988-89 and then witnessed much wrongdoing at St George’s Hospital Medical School.
Porter also received an Honorary Doctorate from Heriot-Watt University in 1971.
Porter picked up his K in 1972, was appointed to the Order of Merit in 1989 and was made a life peer, Baron Porter of Luddenham, of Luddenham in the County of Kent, in 1990. 1990 was the year that I was repeatedly taken to the High Court by the Gang on the basis of their perjury as they tried to have me imprisoned. See post ‘The Bitterest Pill’.
The Lord Porter Of Luddenham:
In 1995, Porter was awarded an Honorary Degree (Doctor of Laws) from Bath University.
In 1976 Porter gave the Royal Institution Christmas Lecture on The Natural History of a Sunbeam.
Porter was appointed Chancellor of Leicester University in 1984, the year that Eric Sunderland made his arrangement with Thatch, Carlo and the UGC. Porter remained in post until 1995, by which time the Gang had embarked upon yet another Cunning Plan to have me incarcerated with Jimmy Savile in Broadmoor. In spring 1994, Patient F and I met with two members of the Mental Health Act Commission and told them that Dafydd was sexually exploiting patients and that serious complaints against him were not being investigated. Our complaint was never investigated by the MHAC, although one of the people to whom we spoke admitted to Jeff Crowther, the Nursing Officer at the Hergest Unit that she had been a Lord Chancellor’s visitor at the North Wales Hospital Denbigh in the 1960s ‘and it was the same story then’.
Days after we met the MHAC, Dafydd contacted the police claiming that I had thrown a brick through the glass door of his house in the early hours of the morning. Me committing this crime was dutifully recorded by the police without my knowledge; an officer was assigned to the case and a series of meetings were held between the police and NHS senior staff at which the threat that I posed to the life of Dafydd and other NHS staff was discussed. After some weeks the police and Dafydd discovered that I could not have thrown the brick as I was miles away at the time. Nonetheless Dafydd ordered the MDU to apply to the High Court to raise and injunction against me on the basis of me throwing that brick and F blowing a raspberry down the phone at him. On 4 Nov 1994 Dafydd received his injunction from the High Court in Liverpool. The MDU knew that extensive perjury had been committed. They knew that I did not throw the brick and much more recently I was told that no brick was thrown, it was planted.
See eg. posts ‘The Banality Of Evil’ and ‘Too Many Pills’.
Brown sent yet another letter to the Gwynedd Community Health Trust at this time stating that he had listened in to the phone call in 1987 – when we were living in Leicester and Brown was a PhD student at Leicester University – during which Dafydd tried to bribe me into dropping my complaint about him. Brown did not receive a reply to his letter (he didn’t receive a reply to the first letter that he wrote about it back in 1987) and I was told that the Trust ‘hadn’t received the letter’. When my lawyers obtained my NHS records in 2005, there was a copy of Brown’s letter of 1994, with a handwritten note on it saying ‘What shall we do about Dr Brown’s letter?’ and in a different handwriting someone had added ‘Do not reply’.
On 4 June 1994, the former Head of Bryn Estyn, Matt Arnold, died from an ‘unidentified blood disease’. Four days later the trial of Arnold’s long time friend and colleague Peter Howarth opened at Chester Crown Court. Howarth was found guilty of sexual assaults on boys in care in north Wales and was sentenced to 10 years in prison.
On 12 May 1994 John Smith died at Bart’s after they were unable to revive him after a heart attack. On 21 July 1994 Miranda became Leader of the Labour Party.
See posts ‘The Banality Of Evil’ and ‘Too Many Pills’ for events of 1994…
On July 9 1995, Bing Spear, the corrupt Civil Service mandarin who was the most senior civil servant in the Home Office Drugs Branch and who had been a great help to Dafydd, died. On July 13 1995, Peter Morrison was found dead at his house in Belgravia. In July 1995 Brown was made redundant from his job at Aston University.
In July 1995 Dafydd ‘retired’. Except that he didn’t. He ‘retired’ clutching the contract to provide substance abuse services for the NHS for the whole of north Wales. Over the following years Dafydd and his charidee CAIS also provided PTSD services, supported housing, employment schemes, Safeguarding lessons for children and FE/HE courses. Dafydd continued to act as an Expert Witness and run numerous private healthcare facilities. See post ‘The Evolution Of A Drug Baron’.
The general public was told that the North Wales Hospital was closed down in the summer of 1995. It wasn’t, parts of it remained open until 2002, but no-one will come clean re which patients were there. It was known that the ‘mother and baby unit’ – as far as Denbigh went that was a vehicle for abducting the babies of vulnerable women – remained open and before Denbigh ‘shut down’ Tony Francis told me that there was resistance to closing it because ‘DA has hidden people away out there for years who can’t be released’. No, they probably weren’t released and they were no doubt unlawfully ‘hidden away’ out there, ‘Downstairs’ ie. in the dungeon.
These were the Health Secretaries while the lies were told and illegal imprisonments continued:
This was the Secretary of State for Wales, 26 June-6 July 1995, when the biggest lies were told; after decades of loyal service to the Gang, he reappeared in the Welsh Office just for 10 days to oversee the necessary:
Surely Bottomley, Dorrell and Hunt can be held legally responsible for what was going on at the time? Including in the early months of 1995, after Dafydd had obtained his injunction against me on the basis of perjury, the discussions between Hefin Davies, the Chairman of the Gwynedd Community Health Trust, the CEO John Mullen, the Welsh Office lawyers and another lawyer from Caernarfon hired by the Trust, Tony Lane with a view to finding something, anything, to prosecute me for. See post ‘A Solicitor’s Letter From North East Wales MIND’.
Lord George Porter’s period as Chancellor of Leicester University, 1984-95 saw much of the action re the sex abuse ring in Leicestershire and the concealing of that ring in the Highest of Places. Brown did his PhD at Leicester University, 1985-88 and the University were so unsupportive that he was not even given a computer and desk let alone adequate supervision, although Leicester received ESRC dosh for him. Being Brown he set himself up at home and did the lot himself. The only facilities that he had access to were the library resources.
While Porter was Chancellor, the police investigation into Frank Beck, Greville Janner et al was undertaken. Leicester University and in particular the Medical School were facilitating the ring, that was by the 1970s at least directly linked to Dafydd and the Gang. In 1989 Lord Robert Kilpatrick the Dean of Leicester Medical School was headhunted by the GMC to serve as their Chairman when the police investigation into the paedophile ring in Leicestershire began getting serious. Kilpatrick had previously served as the Dean of the Medical School at Sheffield. While Chairman of the GMC, Kilpatrick concealed Geoffrey Chamberlain’s part in the research fraud at St George’s. Kilpatrick stood down as Chair of the GMC in 1995, once Chamberlain was off the hook. 1995 was also the year that Porter stood down as Chancellor of Leicester. 1995 saw a few of the biggest manoeuvres re the cover-up of the Gang in north Wales. See post ‘Too Many Pills’. Kilpatrick refused to investigate complaints about Dafydd and the Gang. For more information on Mr Big, Robert Kilpatrick, see ‘Remember Girls – Never Get Into A Car With A Stranger!’.
It was Guy Cumberbatch of Aston University – Guy had previously worked at Leicester University and Guy still lived in Leicester while he worked at Aston – and Prof Stuart Hall who blew Brown’s application to do his PhD with the Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies at Birmingham University out of the water, thus resulting in Brown being offered the PhD place at Leicester instead. This seems to have been a Cunning Plan which was intended to put an end to Brown’s academic career – well so many of those sociologists and cultural theorists on the left including Stuart Hall himself were friends or colleagues of people networked with the Gang (see previous posts) – that began in 1984, when Porter was appointed as Chancellor of Leicester. See eg. ‘Life In Cold Blood’.
In 2001, Leicester University’s chemistry building was named the George Porter Building in Porter’s honour.
In 1949 Biggus Dickus married Stella Jean Brooke.
The German chemist who shared the Nobel with Ronald Norris and George Porter was Manfred Eigen (9 May 1927-6 February 2019). In later years, Eigen worked to install a multidisciplinary program at the Max Planck Institute to study the underpinnings of life at the molecular level. His work was hailed for creating a new scientific and technological discipline: evolutionary biotechnology.
Eigen was born on 9 May 1927 in Bochum, the son of Hedwig (Feld) and Ernst Eigen, a chamber musician. WW II interrupted Manfred Eigen’s formal education. At age fifteen he was drafted into service in a German antiaircraft unit. He was captured by the Soviets toward the end of the War. Eigen managed to escape and walked hundreds of miles across defeated Germany, arriving in Göttingen in 1945. He lacked the necessary documentation for acceptance to University, but was admitted after he demonstrated his knowledge in an exam, entering the University’s first postwar class.
Eigen studied Geophysics and then Natural Sciences at postgrad level. One of his advisors was Werner Heisenberg, the noted proponent of the Uncertainty Principle. Eigen received his Ph.D. at the University of Gottingen in 1951 under supervision of Arnold Eucken. In 1964 he presented the results of his research at a meeting of the Faraday Society in London.
Beginning in 1953 Eigen worked at the Max Planck Institute for Physical Chemistry in Gottingen, becoming its Director in 1964 and joining it with the Max Planck Institute for Spectroscopy to become the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry. Eigen was an honorary Professor of the Braunschweig University of Technology. From 1982 to 1993, Eigen was President of the German National Merit Foundation. Eigen was a member of the Board of Sponsors of The Bulletin of the Atomic Sciences.
In 1967 Eigen won the Nobel Prize.
Eigen’s name is also linked with the theory of quasispecies, the error threshold,
Eigen’s paradox and the chemical hypercycle,
the cyclic linkage of reaction cycles as an explanation for the self-organisation of prebiotic systems,
which Eigen described with Peter Schuster in 1977.
Eigen founded two biotechnology companies, Evotec and Direvo.
In 1981, Eigen became a founding member of the World Cultural Council.
Eigen was a member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences even though he was an atheist. He died on 6 February 2019 at the age of 91.
Eigen was married to Elfriede Müller; they had two children, a boy and a girl. Eigen later married Ruthild Oswatitsch, a longtime scientific partner.
Lest anyone wonders whether Manfred Eigen might have been a genuinely outstanding scientist as opposed to someone who knew what Gwynne and Dafydd were doing, I have to entertain the possibility that he may have been. However we should bear in mind that the towering intellectual who had his second home at Croesor, worked for the security services and subscribed to the line of ‘I’d Do Anything…’ was German with an international reputation and many friends and family among German intellectuals. I think that his second wife Marlene was German as well.
The Dept of Physical Chemistry of which Ronald Norrish was Head and the Dept of Chemistry at Cambridge had separate administrative, technical and academic personnel until they merged to form one Dept of Chemistry under John Meurig Thomas in the early 1980s.
Sir John Meurig Thomas or JMT (born 15 December 1932) is a Welsh chemist and historian of science primarily known for his work on heterogeneous catalysis, solid-state chemistry and surface and materials science.
Thomas has authored more than 1200 scientific articles and several books.
Thomas was born and brought in the Gwendraeth Valley, Carmarthenshire, near Llanelli, where his father and brother were miners. RING in the area -Gwynfor Evans – Elwyn-Jones – See eg. ‘Politicians Who Resigned On Principle’. Eric Sunderland grew up in Carmarthenshire.
Thomas completed his first degree at the University College of Wales, Swansea, which later became Swansea University, in 1954. Swansea University was dominated by Rhodri Morgan’s family and also employed Dafydd’s mate Saunders Lewis. See eg. ‘A Bit More Paleontology’. Thomas subsequently completed his PhD at Queen Mary College (later Queen Mary University of London) in 1958, working with Keble W. Sykes.
In 1959, John Meurig Thomas married Margaret, with whom he had two daughters, Lisa and Naomi. Margaret died in 2002. In April 2010, Thomas married Jehane Ragai of the American University in Cairo; the events took place in Cambridge and London. Ragai is the daughter of a famous pioneering Egyptian feminist.
John Meurig Thomas worked for the UK Atomic Energy Authority as a scientific officer, 1957-1958. Dafydd qualified as a Top Doc in 1957. Re my post ‘Those Who Are Ready To Serve’ which discussed Dafydd’s stint as an ‘atomic scientist’ at Windscale before he went to read medicine at Liverpool in 1952… When I wrote that post I speculated that Dafydd had discovered wrongdoing at Windscale that enabled him to blackmail someone to secure that place at Liverpool and funding as well. After writing the post I found out the background of Patrick Blackett who had his second home at Croesor…
Dafydd came from Bethesda and he knew about organised abuse in north Wales and the export of vulnerable people from Wales to England before he went to Liverpool University
Lord Ernest Marples was a Gov’t Minister who had business interests in some of the companies building electricity generating plants at the time of Dafydd’s adventures as a younger man. Marples became embroiled in scandal – among other things he was using call girls – and Patient F’s mum was one of those who attended public meetings demanding Marples’ resignation. F used to chat about this a lot because his mum was a respectable Surrey businessman’s wife who was caught up in a demo and F thought that it was a laugh. F didn’t know who Marples was but Dafydd did and I bet that Dafydd’s ears pricked up. See post ‘Those Who Are Ready To Serve’.
John Meurig Thomas worked at the UK Atomic Energy Authority 1957-58, when there were reshuffles at Gov’t level because of something related to Gwynne the Royal Lobotomist as discussed in previous posts. Anthony Eden’s resignation became effective on 9 Jan 1957 – Eden was pushed by Top Docs after they had seriously damaged his health in ways that one can only really conclude were deliberate – and Harold Macmillan became PM on 10 Jan 1957 after gaining the stamp of approval from Lilibet, who didn’t like Eden or his wife. Upon becoming PM, Macmillan immediately replaced Eden’s Minister of Health Robin Turton with Dennis Vosper who resigned suddenly nine months later ‘on Top Doc’s advice’. Vosper lay low until 1959 when he reappeared as a Minister in the Home Office under Home Secretary Rab Butler in time for the Profumo Affair. Butler who became Master of Trinity College Cambridge in 1965 when he retired from Parliament…
Vosper was the Tory MP for Runcorn in Cheshire who was fully on board with the Gang. One of the scapegoats of the Profumo Affair was Bill Astor’s wife at the time, Bronwen, the daughter of Sir Alun Pugh, a High Court judge who had grown up in Carmarthenshire. Bronwen had gone to boarding school in Dolgellau, the town where Ioan Bowen Rees, Chief Exec of Gwynedd County Council through the worst of the Gwynedd CC Paedophile Years, grew up. Ioan’s dad was a Master at the Grammar School in Dolgellau. There was one years difference in age between Bronwen and Ioan. See previous posts.
Vosper received a peerage in 1964 but died on 20 Jan 1968 at a not very great age.
Vosper was replaced as Minister of Health by Derek Walker-Smith, who retained the post until 20 July 1960 when Macmillan replaced him with Enoch Powell. Although Powell made a well-publicised visit to the North Wales Hospital Denbigh in 1961 when he told Gwynne et al that he was so disgusted at conditions that he would close them down along with every other asylum in the UK, Powell only made one public speech soon after this (to Dafydd and Gwynne’s mates at the National Association for Mental Health [MIND]) and then quietly dropped the matter, never revisiting it. Denbigh stayed open until 2002..
I thought for a long while that someone had leant on Powell, but now I think it more likely that this was all an elaborate charade. Denbigh was a scandal, it was getting very embarrassing but Macmillan or indeed anyone else was not going to touch the Royal Lobotomist; a well planned stage play was called for. Powell remained as Minister for Health until 18 Oct 1963, when Macmillan stood down. See previous posts.
Powell was an alumnus of Trinity College, Cambridge. See previous posts for info on Powell.
Powell may have been a camouflaged supporter of Gwynne and Dafydd, but others in Macmillan’s Cabinet were actually friends of theirs. They were causing havoc and in July 1962 in the Night Of The Long Knives Macmillan kicked them out of the Cabinet. They should never have been in, they hung around for decades afterwards causing chaos, as did their hangers on. See previous posts.
I haven’t mentioned previously that Jonathan Aitken worked as an aide for Dafydd and Gwynne’s mate Selwyn Lloyd when Lloyd was Macmillan’s Chancellor of the Exchequer, 27 July 1960-13 July 1962… See previous posts for info re Selwyn.
Did Gwynne and Dafydd know that the Top Docs had deliberately damaged Eden between 1953-57? Lord Horace Evans and John Hume seem to have been the main culprits. Horace Evans was from Merthyr and Hume was from Newcastle. The Gov’t was packed with friends of the Gang at the time eg. Dai Bananas aka Lord Kilmuir, Selwyn Lloyd, Nigel Birch etc.
During this era, Lord Snowdon was one of those utilising the services offered by Gwynne and Dafydd… See previous posts.
In Sept 1958, John Meurig Thomas joined the Dept of Chemistry at UNCW (later Bangor University). By that time UCNW was already being used as vehicle for early stage of the Gang. Beata Brookes and Lucille Hughes who worked as social workers with the Gang in the 1950s and 60s and eventually became key figures in the trafficking ring had both studied at UCNW in the 1950s. Ioan Bowen Rees, the Chief Exec of Gwynedd County Council during the 1980s when the Gang was in full swing was a Queen’s College Oxford graduate himself but both of his parents were graduates of UCNW, his mother being one of the first women graduates.
One role which automatically comes with the position of Lord President of the Council is that of UCNW visitor. A look at who has served as Lord President of the Council over the past few decades leaves one in no doubt that political heavyweights the were wheeled in to help out re UCNW at times of panic for the Gang.
At UCNW, John Meurig Thomas rose through the ranks from Assistant Lecturer (1958), to Lecturer (1959), to Senior Lecturer (1964) and then to Reader in 1965, a post that he retained until 1969.
Lord Presidents of the Council: Quintin Hogg aka Lord Hailsham, 17 Sept 1957-14 Oct 1959; Alec Douglas-Home, 14 Oct 1959-27 July 1960; Quintin Hogg, 27 July 1960-16 Oct 1964; Herbert Bowden (the MP for Leicester South West), 16 Oct 1964-11 Aug 1966; Richard Crossman, 11 Aug 1966-18 Oct 1968.
Staff at UCNW knew something about the Profumo Affair with which Dafydd and Gwynne were involved. I note that Lord Hailsham was appointed as Lord President of the Council in Sept 1957. Gwynne did something in the autumn of 1957 that was potentially so explosive that Macmillan reshuffled his Gov’t and a Top Doctor had to pretend that Dennis Vosper the Minister of Health needed to resign on the grounds of ill health.
In 1969 John Meurig Thomas became Professor and Head of Chemistry at the University College of Wales, Aberystwyth. At the time, Aberystwyth, like Bangor, was a constituent college of the wider University of Wales. The Lord President of the Council served as the visitor to Aber as well. Aber was also run by the Gang and was essential to them because it churned out a steady supply of law graduates who were highly corruptible and subsequently protected the Gang.
1969 was the year of Carlo’s Investiture and the associated rumpus. In 1968 Carlo spent a term at Aber learning Welsh. At the time there was a prevailing anti-Royalist feeling on the part of many students and staff, in spite of the services that Gwynne and Dafydd were providing to Lord Snowdon and the close association of their network with Lord Mountbatten. Two people who were students at Aber not long after Carlo dropped in there were Meri Huws and Neil Hamilton. Neil Hamilton was yet another person who had grown up in Carmarthenshire. Meri also came from West Wales. Before Ioan Bowen Rees relocated to Gwynedd County Council, from 1974 he was County Secretary of Dyfed County Council, which covered Carmarthenshire.
When Carlo was at Aber, he lived in Pantycelyn, the hall of residence that had the reputation for the most militant Welsh language activism. I wouldn’t have thought that Carlo would find a warm welcome there; perhaps it was some factor relating to Carlo that caused all the trouble…
The Principal of Aber at the time was Sir Thomas Parry (4 August 1904-22 April 1985). Parry was Librarian of the National Library of Wales, 1953-58, Principal of the University College of Wales Aberystwyth, 1958-69 and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Wales, 1961-63 (during the Profumo Affair) and again 1967-69.
Parry was born the eldest of the three sons of Richard Edwin Parry, quarryman and smallholder, and his wife Jane at Carmel, Caernarfonshire. Richard Parry’s father had married three times: a son from the first marriage was Robert Williams Parry‘s father; a son from the second marriage was the T. H. Parry-Williams ‘s father. So Thomas Parry was a younger cousin of both Williams Parry and Parry-Williams : they formed a notable trinity in 20th century Welsh literary history and scholarship.
From the Infants’ School in Carmel, Thomas Parry went to Penfforddelen Elementary School, which John William Jones (later John Gwilym Jones, the playwright and literary critic) also attended; they became lifelong friends. From there Thomas Parry went to the County School at Penygroes. Parry graduated with a degree in Welsh from UCNW in 1926. He was a keen Eisteddfodwr. Upon graduation, Thomas Parry was immediately appointed to an assistant lectureship at the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire, Cardiff, which later became Cardiff University.
In 1929, Thomas Parry was appointed lecturer in his old Department at UCNW in Bangor.
In 1959 Thomas Parry was elected a Fellow of the British Academy.
For a couple of years during WW II, in the absence through illness of the Registrar of UCNW, Thomas Parry acted as Secretary to the Senate. A few years later, he was appointed to the Chair of Welsh. He also served as Dean of Faculty and as Vice-Principal at UCNW.
In 1953 Parry accepted an invitation to become Librarian of the National Library in Aberystwyth. The most important event of his reign there Lilibet’s opening of the new Book Stack in 1956.
Thomas Parry was Chairman of the National Eisteddfod Council in the early 1950s.
Although Parry was appointed Principal of Aber, he was bitterly disappointed that someone else – ie. Charles Evans – had been appointed to succeed Sir Emrys Evans as Principal of UCNW, a man with whom he’d worked ‘closely and most amicably’ for many years and one who had shown him much sympathy and help when ‘he was a conscientious objector during the war’. Entry in Dictionary of Welsh Biography (written by Derec Llwyd Morgan, Principal/VC of Aber himself, 1995-2004, who was an academic in 1975-89) observes that ‘No doubt the governors at Bangor didn’t want to show him that sympathy’. Evans was a neurosurgeon from Liverpool, Trafficking Central and a 1953 Everest Hero. Evans needed a new job because he had MS and it had progressed to such an extent that he couldn’t stand to operate (or climb) any longer. The chance of bagging Charles Evans as the Principal of UCNW was a no-brainer for the trafficking ring…
Thomas Parry succeeded Goronwy Rees as Principal of Aberystwyth. Parry presided over the enlargement of the University College at Aber as part of the substantial expansion of the British university sector in the 1960s;
and, during his first Vice-Chancellorship of the University of Wales, 1961-1963, Thomas Parry had to deal with the University’s federality. But more importantly the Profumo Affair.
Thomas Parry ‘now and again found it very difficult to put up with the mores and the customs of the liberal youth of that period’,
He was ‘a fair, upright Principal to staff and students’ and the trafficking ring continued, as did the supply of bent lawyers trained at Aber to keep Dafydd et al out of prison.
‘There was something of an uproar because of his independent stand on the question of the University. The Commission that met between 1961 and 1964 to consider the University of Wales’s federality produced two final reports, the one, by people who were mostly incomers to Wales, recommending its disbandment and the establishment of four unitary universities in its stead, the other, by native Welshmen, recommending its retention and reform.
Dafydd and Gwynne’s mate Lord David Ennals served as Chairman of AAM as did Ennals’ brother John. David Ennals concealed abuse in his capacity as Home Office Minister, in the roles he held at MIND and at the DHSS under Richard Crossman and then as Callaghan’s Secretary of State for the DHSS, 1976-79. See post ‘The Science Of Animal Behaviour’. The unlawful arrest and imprisonment of Mary Wynch happened on Ennals’ watch.
Thomas Parry would have been expected to cast his lot with the second group ie. native Welshmen. What he produced was a Statement to the effect that the Commission’s ‘terms of reference’ asked for a report, not for recommendations.
During Parry’s last term as Principal, Aberystwyth was always in the limelight because Carlo was a student there. The blackmailing potential was put to good use for decades.
Parry was Chairmanship of a UGC Committee on the future of university libraries established in 1963. The UGC’s Report of the Committees on Libraries, 1967, is known as the Parry Report. Eric Sunderland will have made good use of Thomas Parry’s previous with the UGC when UCNW had to be saved from the scrapyard in 1984, just after I’d complained about Gwynne.
Eric Sunderland completed his first degree and his Masters at Aberystwyth University in the early 1950s and was a student there when Security Services Goronwy Rees was Principal.
When Thomas Parry retired from the Principalship in 1969, he was elected to the Presidency of the National Library, an office he held for ten years.
Thomas Parry had already been made an honorary DLittCelt by the National University of Ireland in 1968. In 1976 he was awarded the Medal of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion and was President of that Society, 1978-82.
In 1978 Thomas Parry was knighted.
I was told today that there was a connection between Mr Thrope and Gwynne the Royal Lobotomist. It doesn’t surprise me; Mr Thrope was a friend of the Lloyd Georges and of Lord Snowdon and Ma’am Darling.
After his retirement, Thomas Parry was Chairman of Cwmni Theatr Cymru at a difficult juncture. Until his death Parry was the Chairman of the Literature Committee of the New Welsh Bible that was published in 1988.
Derec Llwyd Morgan states that Thomas Parry ‘was unflinchingly plain speaking: his tongue like his fountain-pen could be very sharp. His bearing alone was enough to frighten some people and his criticism was scathing. But he also enjoyed leg-pulling and witty repartee.’
Dafydd once told me that he had a ‘little wry smile at your black humour’. Dafydd had such a little wry smile at my black humour that he continued to embellish my black humour and state it as fact in affidavits in an attempt to have me sent to a high security hospital.
‘In the few chapters of autobiography [Parry] wrote… he writes admiringly of the craftsmen he knew in his native Arfon… To those chapters, add Ty a thyddyn, the Penygroes Library Annual Lecture for 1971-72, in which he exalts the people and the land that gave him his singlemindedness, his diligence and his standards, his wit also’.
Arfon was also the land of Dafydd.
‘He was a scholar prince who never forgot his people, his peers or their essential institutions.’
Thomas Parry died on 22 April 1985 at Bangor; his funeral was on 24 April. It was in April 1985 that Tony Francis turned suddenly and unexpectedly on me and another UCNW student who had complained about Gwynne the Royal Lobotomist and the War began. See post ‘International Finance, With Grateful Thanks To Gwynne’.
Anthony Eden’s son Nick Eden aka the Earl of Avon resigned from his post as Minister in the Dept of Environment under Ronnie Waterhouse’s mate the Secretary of State Patrick Jenkin on 27 March 1985 because of his failing health as a result of AIDS.
Parry’s wife, Enid Parry, died 21 January 1998. They were both cremated.
The Principal at UCNW since 1958 had of course been Sir Charles Evans and the President of UCNW, 1947-82, was Lord Kenyon.
In 1977 John Meurig Thomas was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.
In 1977 the rumours re Mr Thrope were flying. In Nov 1977 Andrew Newton shot Rinka, Norman Scott’s dog dead and tried to shoot Norman. Mr Thrope’s wife Marion Stern was the ex-wife of Lilibet’s cousin. Mr Thrope lifelong friends the Lloyd George family were still very powerful, especially in north Wales, as were the Liberal Party although their political dominance had begun to wane in north Wales. An all out battle to save Mr Thrope lest the wider Westminster Paedophile Ring unravelled began. The Lib Lab Pact was propping up Jim Callaghan’s ailing Gov’t and in 1979 David Steel suppressed revelations of Cyril Smith’s sex offences because he had quite enough on his plate re Mr Thrope… See previous posts.
In 1977, chaos was presiding at UCNW as the Gwerin turned on Lord Kenyon and Sir Charles Evans. See post ‘Meet The Gwerin!’
The Lords President of the Council throughout these years were: Fred Peart (MP for Workington), 18 Oct 1968-19 June 1970; Willie Whitelaw, 20 June 1970-7 April 1972; Robert Carr, 7 April-5 Nov 1972; Jim Prior, 5 Nov 1972-4 March 1974; Ted Short (MP for Newcastle-upon-Tyne Central), 5 March 1974-8 April 1976; Michael Foot, 8 April 1976-4 May 1979.
Quintin Hogg was such a useful Lord President that he had more than one go at the role, 7 September 1957-14 October 1959 and 27 July 1960-16 October 1964.
Lower profile MPs who held the post of Lord President represented constituencies in which rings run by partner gangs of the Gang were operating eg. Workington, Leicester and Newcastle. Jim Prior, like David Ennals, represented a Norfolk constituency. See post ‘The Science Of Animal Behaviour’
Lord Hailsham aka Quintin Hogg filled multiple useful roles in his long life in which he afforded protection for the Gang; Hogg even exceeded Willie Whitelaw in this regard. See previous posts for details.
In 1963, Hogg was sent by Macmillan to negotiate the 1963 Partial (Nuclear) Test Ban Treaty between the UK, the US and the Soviet Union.
Previous posts discussed Willie Whitelaw’s daughter Susan (born 4 Sept 1939), who married Nicholas John Cunliffe-Lister, 3rd Earl of Swinton. Susan and Nicholas joined the wider network supporting the Gang. Quintin Hogg outdid Willie in terms of producing future generations of a support network for the Gang. Previous posts have discussed Quintin’s son Douglas – Quintin’s son and heir – Quintin’s daughter Dame Mary Hogg, Quintin’s daughter Charlotte (the Hogg who was the Deputy Governor of the Bank of England) and the Deputy Hogg’s mum the Baroness Sarah Hogg, the wife of Douglas and the numerous ways in which the family of Hoggs wielded influence over Bangor University and those in it, ensuring that life was made difficult for Enemies Of The Gang.
So imagine my surprise when I realised that one of the functions of a Hogg had escaped my attention. I thought that Baroness Sarah Hogg was just a stuck up right wing cow who served as an economic adviser to John Major’s Gov’t at the time of Black Wednesday, 16 Sept 1992, when the economy fell off a cliff and no-one knew what to do, not Major, not Norman Lamont, not Lamont’s smart young adviser David Cameron and the Hogg simply blamed it all on everyone else, as discussed in my post ‘Running The Country And All That Jazz’.
Not at all! The Baroness lived to fight another day. Take a look at this picture of the BBC Board of Governors, taken in 2004:
For the uninitiated, the Governors above are:
Lord Ryder of Wensum became vice-chairman of the BBC on 1 January 2002 for a four-year term. He is the former MP for mid-Norfolk and was government chief whip between 1990 and 1995, and retired from the House of Commons in 1997.
Baroness Sarah Hogg was appointed in February 2000 and is the only BBC governor with extensive experience in journalism, having worked for The Economist, The Times and the Daily Telegraph.
Sir Robert Smith was appointed as BBC National Governor for Scotland in August 1999. The former chartered accountant is currently vice chairman of Deutsche Asset Management and a director and chairman designate of The Weir Group.
Professor Fabian Monds has been the BBC National Governor for Northern Ireland since 1999 and was formerly Provost of Magee College and pro vice-chancellor for planning in the University of Ulster.
Professor Merfyn Jones is BBC National Governor for Wales, and is a historian and a regular broadcaster in both Welsh and English.
Ranjit Sondhi was appointed to the board as the Chairman of the English National Forum, the advisory body representing licence-payers throughout the English Regions, in August 1998.
Dame Pauline Neville-Jones has been a BBC Governor since January 1998 and was a member of the Diplomatic Service, later working for the Cabinet Office, the Joint Intelligence Committee and the Foreign Commonwealth Office until her retirement.
Dermot Gleeson was appointed a BBC Governor in November 2000 and is executive chairman of MJ Gleeson Group.
Angela Sarkis is an independent consultant with wide experience of voluntary organisations and the public sector, and was chief executive of the Church Urban Fund from 1996 to 2002.
Dame Ruth Deech was a Fellow and Tutor in Law at St Anne’s College, Oxford, until she was elected principal of the College in 1991.
Deborah Bull has been a governor since August 2003, and had a 20-year career with The Royal Ballet until 2001, reaching the rank of principal dancer in 1992.
So the Hogg even managed to find herself as Guv’nor of the BBC when Merfyn was a Guv’nor.
Do the Hoggs have some sort of massive problem with Wales in that they were/are determined to turn it into a production line for coerced sex workers at the hands of insane lethal old Docs??
In 1978 – the year that Mr Thrope was charged with conspiracy and incitement to kill – John Meurig Thomas hit the big time and succeeded Jack Linnett as Head of the Dept of Physical Chemistry at Cambridge!
John Meurig Thomas received a Brucie Bonus as well; he became a Professorial Fellow at King’s College, Cambridge, holding both positions until 1986.
Eric Hobsbawm was an alumnus of King’s and an Apostle.
The Provost (Head) of King’s College, Cambridge when John Meurig Thomas received his Brucie Bonus was Sir Bernard Williams, husband of Shirl, 1955-74, after which he was ex-husband of Shirl. Bernard was appointed Provost in 1979 – havoc – Wigley asked Shirl to hold public inquiry into the management of UCNW by Sir Charles Evans in Shirl’s capacity as Secretary of State for Education. Shirl refused which was just as well for everyone because in 1979 Mary Wynch was languishing in Denbigh, unlawfully imprisoned by Dafydd; Mary had previously worked as a Secretary in the Dept of Agriculture at UCNW and had obviously found out rather more than was safe for her while she worked there.
Sir Bernard Arthur Owen Williams (21 September 1929-10 June 2003) was a moral philosopher. Bernard will have known Bertrand Russell. Bernard’s publications include Problems of the Self (1973),
Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy (1985)
Shame and Necessity (1993)
and Truth and Truthfulness (2002).
There wasn’t any truth, They Were Lying To Get Compensation.
Bernard Williams was born in Essex and was educated at Chigwell School, an independent school and then Balliol, Oxford, graduating in 1951. After Oxford, Williams spent his National Service with the RAF in Canada. While on leave in New York, he became close to Shirl; they had already been friends at Oxford. Shirl had moved to New York to study at Columbia University.
Bernard returned to England to take up a Fellowship at All Souls and in 1954 became a Fellow at New College, Oxford, a position he held until 1959. Bernard worked for the security services and he knew what Gwynne was getting up to at Denbigh. Shirl began working for the Daily Mirror and sought election as a Labour MP. Bernard was also a member of the Labour Party.
Bernard and Shirl married in London in July 1955 and honeymooned in Lesbos, Greece. The couple lived in Kensington, sharing with Helge Rubinstein and her husband, the literary agent Hilary Rubinstein, who at the time was working for his uncle, Victor Gollancz. Gollancz published leftist books written and read by Uncle Harry’s brother-in-law and his mates. Those books may have been leftist, but other matters Victor Gollancz weren’t. Michael Joseph, the first husband of Torygraph Editor Max aka Hitler Hastings’s stepmother, was a business partner of Victor Gollancz. See post ‘Cymru 007’.
In 1967 Bernard became the Prof of Philosophy at Cambridge and a Fellow of King’s College. Bernard’s wiki states that ‘in both his first and second marriages, he supported his wives in their careers and helped with the children more than was common for men at the time.’ The first wife at least was such a useful idiot that Security Services Bernard would have found it well worthwhile supporting her in her career.
Shirl was Education Secretary under PM Callaghan. The ring greatly expanded during that time and previous posts re Bridgwater and north Wales discuss how educational institutions colluded with Dafydd’s Gang and rings linked to the Gang. In north Wales, the ‘schools’ attached to the children’s homes were a brutal joke -teachers were convicted of assault and sexual assault on pupils but still there were no investigations.
I have only recently realised the extent to which Shirl touched my own youth. The thick arrogant old cow who caused untold distress for so many kids who were targeted by what was by then an international trafficking ring while she banged on in her school mistressy way. What about the kids in north Wales and Islington who were found dead then Shirl?
Shirl’s political career meant that she and Bernard spent a lot of time apart. They bought a house in Furneux Pelham, Hertfordshire, near the border with south Cambridgeshire, while Shirl lived in Kensington during the week to be close to the Parliament. The differences in their personal values – Bernard was an atheist, Shirl a Catholic – placed a further strain on their relationship.
It reached breaking point in 1970 when Bernard formed a relationship with Patricia Law Skinner, a Commissioning Editor for Cambridge University Press and wife of the historian Quentin Skinner. Bernard and Skinner began living together in 1971. He obtained a divorce in 1974 and married Patricia that year; the couple went on to have two sons, Jacob in 1975 and Jonathan in 1980.
Shirl married the political scientist Richard Neustadt in 1987. 1987: Ollie Brooke, the Gang, me…
Here is Dame Babs, her husband millionaire John Mills who gave a great deal of money to New Labour and one of their partners in crime:
Meanwhile, up in north Wales and at Wandsworth, Islington, Lambeth, the East End, Leicester, Richmond-upon-Thames, the North East of England, Yorkshire and the many other places in the UK, the children’s services and mental health services had become infiltrated by gangs of sex offenders who had linked up and formed the international trafficking ring
In 1988 Bernard left England to become Monroe Deutsch Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, Berkeley, announcing to the media that he was leaving as part of the “brain drain” of British academics to America. At the time, the Cultural Giants were fuming at the state of Fatcher’s Britain and there were many hissy fits. The zenith was reached when Lady Antonia and Swearing Harold (see post ‘Comedies Of Menace’) held a dinner party over which they fomented Revolution. It didn’t happen.
Lady Antonia was a friend of Conrad Russell.
They all hated Thatch and would have done anything to stop her…
Bernard was also Sather Professor of Classical Literature at Berkeley in 1989. He returned to England in 1990 as Prof of Moral Philosophy at Oxford and fellow of Corpus Christie. Bernard said that his sons had been “at sea” in California, not knowing what was expected of them and he had been unable to help. Bernard should have rung Dafydd, Bernard’s sons could have been unlawfully arrested and while in the cop shop Dafydd would appear in the middle of the night with his battle cry of ‘How can I help, how can I help?’, an Expert Witness Report would be compiled for the Court and it would be buggery and beatings in a children’s home for Bernard’s sons, visits to Dolphin Square to provide Services for people whom Bernard and his ex-wife knew socially and worked with and then before the boys were 17, off to live in one of John Allen’s brothels in Brighton or London.
By the time that Bernard had returned to the UK, the boys forced into the sex industry by Dafydd and Gwynne some years earlier had begun dying in great numbers from HIV/AIDS. Gwynne and Dafydd’s old muckers at the Middlesex Hospital and at the Mildmay Mission Hospital in the East End (see post ‘Apocalypse Now’) found that Ken Clarke was eager to assist with the development of HIV/AIDS wards where the young men could die in invisibility because of the Stigma and thus no-one ever found out how they’d become infected.
Margaret Jay, daughter of Shirl’s old boss Jim Callaghan, became a leading light in Helping re HIV/AIDS and married Top Doc Michael Adler, an AIDS specialist. See previous posts.
In 1979, Margaret Jay, who was then married to Peter Jay – Dr Death’s mate and the son of Richard Crossman’s pals Douglas and Peggy Jay (see previous posts) – had a fling with Carl Bernstein, the journo who exposed Watergate. Carl seemed to miss a rather bigger story that reached the doorstep of Margaret’s dad Jim Callaghan as well as that of her in-laws. When Miranda became PM, Margaret became a Baroness and a Health Minister. During the Waterhouse Inquiry… See previous posts.
Other colleagues of Shirl’s who ensured that Dafydd and Gwynne’s business continued unhindered thus resulting in numerous kids in care becoming HIV+ included Peter Shore, an MP for an East End constituency and his wife Dr Liz Shore, one of the most senior Top Docs in the Civil Service while business boomed in north Wales. See previous posts.
Tower Hamlets, the location of Dafydd and Gwynne’s partner gang at the London Hospital, did very well out of the Tories too once those boys started dropping like flies. See post ‘The Bodies Beneath Canary Wharf’. Then there was the bonanza at London Docklands, the billions being handled by Michael Heseltine and Lord Bob Mellish, the former crooked as they come Labour MP for Bermondsey, who along with the corrupt Southwark Borough Councillors, had sent scores of kids in care to north Wales children’s homes. See previous posts, including ‘The Battle For The Labour Party’s Soul’ and ‘International Finance, With Grateful Thanks To Gwynne’.
Anthony Eden’s son Nicholas died from AIDS on 17 Aug 1985. Nick Eden became infected before Gwynne and Dafydd’s mate Sir Donald Acheson – an alumnus of the Middlesex, like Gwynne – had explained slowly and in words of one syllable to Thatch that HIV killed people, there was no cure, not even if you went private and her friends – including George Thomas and Sir Peter Morrison – who were having sex with the teenaged boys provided by Dafydd and Gwynne were at great risk of contracting HIV and dying. Thus Thatch reluctantly agreed that Norman Fowler at the DHSS could agree to the public education ‘AIDS – Don’t Die Of Ignorance’ campaign. Although Thatch was distressed to learn that the literature distributed would contain the words ‘back passage’ and ‘anus’. See post ‘Professor Prestigious and His Associates’.
1990, the year in which Professor Bernard Prestigious returned to the UK, was the year in which the Gang repeatedly took me to the High Court on the basis of industrial scale perjury in order to secure injunctions against me and then try and have me imprisoned for breaching them. A number of the lawyers, judges and Ministers involved were members of Gray’s Inn a la Sir William Mars-Jones. See eg. ‘The Bitterest Pill’.
Here’s someone picking up his K in 1990, after Thatch had been repeatedly told that his ‘private life’ could cause serious embarrassment were he to be honoured and then stories appear in the media…
Not that anyone Knew.
Bernard regretted having made his departure from England so public; he had been persuaded to do so to highlight Britain’s relatively low academic salaries. Academic salaries for junior staff living in places like Bath, Surrey, London, Oxford or Cambridge certainly didn’t go very far which is why there was an exodus, but it didn’t touch people like Bernard.
Furthermore in 1984, Eric Sunderland had made that agreement with Thatch, Carlo and the UGC to shaft me and my friends in return for allowing UCNW to live to fight another day – the Gov’t and the UGC had intended to close UCNW down. North Wales was so poor thanks to the combined forces of Thatch and the Gang that if one worked at UCNW, even in a relatively lowly capacity, one was in clover compared to the rest of the region. Bernard knew about Eric’s solution re the UGC and the funding for UCNW, as did Shirl.
By the time that Bernard had returned from California, Prof Fergus Lowe had overthrown Dafydd’s influence in UCNW and was rapidly building his own empire upon his knowledge re who had colluded with Dafydd and Gwynne and what was happening to me and others at the hands of the Gang. Fungus’s right hand woman, Pauline Horne, had originally worked as a biochemist at UCL. See previous posts.
Bernard and Shirl knew about all of it as well as the organised abuse, research fraud and criminality at St George’s Hospital Medical School/Springfield Hospital, me being forced out of my job at St George’s, refused all care and treatment in London, left destitute and told to go back to north Wales by St Helena’s mate at St George’s, Prof Nigel Eastman, where I then came under attack from the Gang… See previous posts.
Mary Warnock described Bernard’s report on pornography in 1979, as Chair of the Committee on Obscenity and Film Censorship, as “agreeable, actually compulsive to read.” It relied on a “harm condition” that “no conduct should be suppressed by law unless it can be shown to harm someone,” and concluded that so long as children were protected from pornography, adults should be free to read and watch it as they see fit. The report rejected the view that pornography tends to cause sexual offences. Two cases in particular were highlighted, the Moors Murders and the Cambridge Rapist, where the influence of pornography had been discussed during the trials. The report argued that both cases appeared to be “more consistent with pre-existing traits being reflected both in a choice of reading matter and in the acts committed against others.”
I tend to agree, but Bernard and co completely failed to stop the Gang forcing kids and other people into the porn and sex industry against their wishes. The hypocrisy of that lot is gobsmacking. We don’t need endless silly old bags and silly old buggers pontificating on whether consenting adults genuinely exercising free will should be allowed to make or use porn or work in the sex industry; we need a state that stops people like Dafydd and Gwynne forcing people into it and then smearing people like me, who said NO, as ‘prostitutes’. For God’s sake, who are any of them to even use the label of ‘prostitute’ as a term of abuse anyway? They were sex offenders and pimps, it was an absolute disgrace. Just keep your paws off of other people Dafydd/Shirl/Bernard and your nose out of their lives and there won’t be a problem.
As for the Moors Murderers, the psychiatrists who ‘assessed’ them and the lawyers who were involved with their trial – which was held at Chester, although the murders weren’t committed in the Chester area and Brady and Hindley didn’t live in Chester – were none other than the Gang. Ronnie Waterhouse and Lord Elwyn-Jones were among them. The police who Solved The ‘Orrible Crimes were the bent coppers from Greater Manchester who were mates with the Gang and there was much malpractice during the investigations.
I am sure that Ian Brady and Myra Hindley were not very nice people but there is substantial evidence to suggest that two of the murders attributed to them were committed by someone else but knowingly pinned on Brady and Hindley to clear up the cases or indeed to get someone else off. The whole lot of them were rotten through and through and Dafydd and Gwynne were involved as well.
When I was being illegally held in the North Wales Hospital, an Angel told me that she had been in the public gallery at the Moors Murders trial and ooh it was terrible. I am sure that it was, but one wonders what a student Angel from Denbigh was doing attending every day of the trial – WITH OTHER DENBIGH ANGELS – if it was a case of Ah and the Nurses cried. The Angel, Ingrid, who rushed away from me in tears after telling me how terrible it all was, knew that she was working for a Gang of sex offenders who had unlawfully imprisoned everyone on that ward and she knew about the Dungeon. Ingrid was one of those who drove me to the railway station, put me on the train for London after Dafydd had ordered it and told me to shut my mouth about DA and never come back to Wales again. Meanwhile documentation was forged by staff at the North Wales Hospital to show that I had stayed as a patient for another two weeks, suffering from Paranoid Schizophrenia no less.
Gangsters who employed confused Little Women who could not cope with their own emotions at the horror of that with which they were involved.
Trumpers had some sort of relationship with the Cambridge Rapist which resulted in her being obliged to stand down as a magistrate. But then Trumpers was the junior Health Minister who appointed Jimmy Savile to the Broadmoor management task force. See ’95 Glorious Years’, ‘Socio-Political Context Of The North Wales Mental Health Services In the 1980s’ and ‘A Pretty Classy Piece Of Operation’.
Mary Warnock is discussed in previous posts. When younger she colluded with organised abuse as a member of Oxford Education Authority and later she was a useful stooge to Chair the Warnock Committee on IVF. The real mover and shaker on the Committee was Dame Josephine Barnes, an obstetrician and gynaecologist who was facilitating the Westminster Paedophile Ring, as was her then former husband, Ted Heath’s friend and personal physician Sir Brian Warren. See eg. ‘Uncle Harry’s Friends…’
Bernard enjoyed opera from an early age and served on the Board of the English National Opera, 1968-86. A collection of his essays, On Opera, was published posthumously in 2006, edited by his wife Patricia.
Bernard became a fellow of the British Academy in 1971 and an honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1983. The following year he was made a syndic of the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge and later the Chair.
Tuppence’s wife the fragrant Lady Mary was a major part of Cambridge High Society and was involved with the Fitzwilliam Museum. See post ‘Tuppence And His Fragrant Wife’.
In 1993 Bernard was elected to a fellowship of the Royal Society of Arts.
In 1999, the year before the Waterhouse Report was published, Bernard was knighted.
Several universities awarded Bernard honorary doctorates, including Yale and Harvard.
Bernard died of heart failure on 10 June 2003 while on holiday in Rome; he had been diagnosed in 1999 with multiple myeloma. Bernard was cremated in Rome, so if there were any suspicions that Bernard was yet another witness insider who lived by the Top Doctors and died by the Top Doctors, there was no body available to take a second look at. Burnt to a crisp.
John Meurig Thomas, to whom Barnard gave such a splendid opportunity in 1986, is the author of some 30 patents, some of which have made chemical processes “greener” by eliminating the use of solvents and reducing the number of manufacturing steps involved. The single-step, solvent-free catalytic synthesis of ethyl acetate that Thomas invented is the basis of a 200,000 ton/year plant in the UK, the largest of its kind in the world. He has recently devised a single-step, solvent-free processes for the production of caprolactam (the raw material for nylon-6) and vitamin B3 (niacin).
As of 2002, Thomas stepped down from his position as Master of Peterhouse. Peterhouse was an eccentric College, there was a tradition of the male academics and students wearing ladies clothes and adopting girls’ names. Notable alumni included Michael Portillo. See previous posts.
I am fairly sure that Dr Prys Morgan Jones, the former Dean of the School of Education at Bangor University when I was doing teacher training, knew John Meurig Thomas. Prys was an inorganic chemist who did his first degree at Trinity College, Cambridge and I think that he did his PhD at Cambridge as well. He will have been at Cambridge when Thomas’s predecessor Jack Linnett was Head of the Dept of Physical Chemistry at Cambridge.
John Wilfrid Linnett (3 August 1913-7 November 1975) was VC at the Cambridge University, 1973-75. He was for many years a Fellow of Queen’s College, Oxford and a demonstrator in Inorganic Chemistry at Oxford University. Ioan Bowen Rees, the Chief Exec of Gwynedd County Council throughout the 1980s as the Gang made merry with the kids in care and Empowered Service Users was a graduate of Queen’s College, Oxford. See eg. ‘I Know Nuzzing…’
Linnett was born on 3 August 1913 in Coventry – Richard Crossman served as the MP for Coventry East, 1945-74 – and was educated at King Henry VIII School and St John’s College, Oxford and was later a Junior Fellow at St John’s.
St John’s College, Oxford educated many in the support network of the Gang, including Edward du Cann, Kingsley Amis, Philip Larkin, Gwynfor Evans, Prof Hugh Freeman, David Lewis Davies and best of all the corrupt Civil Service mandarin Sir Idwal Pugh who helped the Gang out throughout his career, including in the Welsh Office, as Parliamentary and Health Ombudsman and in his roles in the City. See ‘The Naked Civil Servants’.
Miranda is a graduate of St John’s College, Oxford.
Jack Linnett was appointed Prof of Physical Chemistry at Cambridge in 1965. He was Master of Sidney Sussex Cambridge, a member of the Council of the Royal Society and was President of the Faraday Society.
Asa Briggs was an alumnus of Sidney Sussex Cambridge. Here’s a picture of Merfyn and one of his partners in crime from Sussex wearing the jacket that sustained collateral damage when paint was thrown in 1967, a trauma from which Asa never recovered (note the splashes of red paint on the shoulder):
One of Jack Linnett’s research interests was in explosion limits as well as combustion.
Linnett died of a heart attack in the Athenaeum on 7 November 1975, only five weeks after ceasing to be VC of the University of Cambridge.
One of Jack Linnett’s most well-known students was Graham Dixon-Lewis, MA, DPhil (1 July 1922-5 August 2010), combustion engineer. Dixon-Lewis was educated at Newport High School and read chemistry at Jesus College, Oxford, 1940-44. He received his DPhil in 1948.
Jesus College, Oxford of so many of the Gwerin and of Harold Wilson… See previous posts.
In 1953 Dixon-Lewis joined Leeds University; he was appointed to a Chair in 1978. Dixon-Lewis retired from Leeds University in 1987 with the title of Emeritus Prof.
In 1990 Professor Dixon-Lewis was awarded both the Egerton Gold Medal and the Silver Medal of the Combustion Institute. In 1993, he was the recipient of the Royal Society of Chemistry’s Award for Combustion and Hydrocarbon Oxidation Chemistry. Two years later, Dixon-Lewis was awarded the Dionizy Smolenski Medal of the Combustion Section of the Polish Academy of Sciences. In 1997 Dixon-Lewis received the Sugden Award of the British Section of the Combustion Institute
and in 2008 he was awarded the Huw Edwards Prize of the Institute of Physics for services to combustion physics.
Dixon-Lewis was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1995.
After I began this blog I began to receive info telling me that it was the staff of the School of Education who had colluded with the fallacious allegations made about me in the attempt to have me struck off the teaching register some three years after I qualified in the wake of the Gang’s failure to have me convicted and imprisoned for ‘threats to kill’.
It was a junior Gov’t Minister who cleared my name; he is a friend of Merfyn’s but I didn’t know that. The Gang were fuming and the Minister was then named on the BBC as someone who had ‘let a paedophile return to teaching’. He was subjected to the usual Gang tactics ie. a vicious smear campaign. He’s a Philanderer no less! Which is quite interesting, because when the Feminist Historian Sheila Rowbotham was interviewed reminiscing about her student activism, she named the Philanderer as one of the cool guys who was much desired by the Wimmin. Then Manchester University tried to sack Sheila Rowbotham.
Merfyn!! You’ve fallen in with Bad Company! May I recommend a Suitable Friend for you:
When Miranda stepped down as PM, I read an article maintaining that the Philanderer hadn’t gone to the Lords because Miranda ‘never trusted him’. The Philanderer isn’t missing out on anything, he’d have to sit next to St Helena, Lord Bob Winston, Baroness Patsy Scotland, Charlie Falconer, Derry Irvine and the rest of Miranda’s crooked mates who concealed the crimes of Dafydd and Gwynne.
Merfyn hasn’t only got a friend who’s a Philanderer, another one of his mates is a Drunken Groper.
What a collection.
The School of Education at Bangor was a hub of anti-Merfyn activity and as discussed in previous posts, the staff there had all been teachers in Gwynedd schools in the 1970s and 80s when no-one knew about the Gang. Many of them had personal friendships with people like Dafydd Wigley and had taught the children of local celebs such as Lord Wigley. That is inevitable if one has grown up in a rural community, it was the same for me in Somerset. However it did mean that Prys knew one of Ronnie Waterhouse’s best friends and that Prys and his colleagues were appointed to their jobs at Bangor University when Dafydd and Gwynne ruled supreme. It left them all very compromised and resulted in a lot of them doing some pretty disgusting things when Brown and I began appearing in the media discussing the mental health services.
John Meurig Thomas became Honorary Professor of Materials Science at the University of Cambridge and Emeritus Professor of Chemistry at the Davy Faraday Research Laboratory of the Royal Institution. He continued to be active in research at the Davy Faraday Laboratory until 2006.
Sir John Meurig Thomas also holds an Honorary Distinguished Professorship of Materials Chemistry at Cardiff University, an Honorary Distinguished Professorship of Materials Chemistry at the University of Southampton and an Honorary Distinguished Professorship of Chemistry and Nanoscience at York University.
Cardiff University was Polite Society’s HQ of the Gang in Wales, in particular the Welsh National School of Medicine, which enjoyed a symbiotic relationship with George Thomas and Top Docs facilitating organised abuse on an international level. See eg. posts ‘Successful Surgery On King George VI!’ and International Finance, With Grateful Thanks To Gwynne’.
When Eric Sunderland stood down as Principal of UCNW for no good reason – although doing that left Eric free to take up other roles in public life in which he provided even better protection for the Gang than he had as Principal of UCNW without it being obvious (see previous posts) – he was replaced as Principal in 1995 by Prof Roy Evans, an engineer who was a PVC at Cardiff University. Roy Evans came from Carmarthenshire and was a graduate of Swansea University.
Southampton University was the domain of Sir Donald Acheson et al. See post ‘Professor Prestigious and His Associates’.
York University was good enough to supply Bangor University with two serious problems, Profs Ian Russell and Rhiannon Tudor Edwards. See previous posts.
John Meurig Thomas is an Honorary Bencher of Gray’s Inn, Gray’s Inn obviously being in need of an inorganic chemist. Sir William Mars-Jones of the Gang who had held an umbrella over Gwynne and then Dafydd since the 1940s was a member of Gray’s Inn. Mars-Jones was Ronnie Waterhouse’s friend and senior colleague and President of UCNW, 1982-95. Sir William’s sister-in-law, who farmed in Denbighshire and was a member of the Gang along with the rest of the family, was CC’d into letters about me from senior staff of Clwyd Health Authority regarding my complaint against Dafydd and the Gang. See previous posts.
The founder/leader of the Mansfield Community is a member of Gray’s Inn as is St Helena.
Sir John Meurig Thomas has received 20 honorary degrees from Australian, British, Canadian, Chinese, Dutch, Egyptian, French, Italian, Japanese, Spanish and U.S. universities, including an Honorary Degree of Doctor of Science from the University of St Andrews in 2012. He has been elected to honorary membership in over fifteen foreign academies, including the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (2013), the American Philosophical Society (1992), the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1990), the Accademia dei Lincei (Rome, 2012) and the Russian Academy of Sciences (1994). In 1993 Thomas was elected a Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.
Recent awards bagged by Thomas include the Kapitza Gold Medal from the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (2011), the Jayne Prize Lectureship of the American Philosophical Society (2011), the Bragg Prize Lectureship of the British Crystallographic Association (2010), the Sven Berggren Prize Lectureship, Lund (2010), the Ertl Prize Lectureship of the Max Planck Gesellschaft (2010), the Sir George Stokes Medal from the Royal Society of Chemistry (2005), the Giulio Natta Gold Medal from the Società Chimica Italiana (2004), the Linus Pauling Gold Medal from Stanford University(2003) and the American Chemical Society Annual Award (first recipient) for Creative Research in Heterogeneous and Homogeneous Catalysis (1999). He has won the Davy Medal of the Royal Society and the Faraday Lectureship Prize (1989) of the Royal Society of Chemistry. In 1995 he became the first British scientist in 80 years to be awarded the Willard Gibbs Award by the Chicago Section of the American Chemical Society.
In recognition of Thomas’s contributions to geochemistry, a new mineral, meurigite, was named after him in 1995 by the International Mineralogical Association. A hydrated potassium iron phosphate, meurigite is described as “tabular, elongated crystals forming spherical and hemispherical clusters and drusy coatings. The colour ranges from creamy white to pale yellow and yellowish brown.” It is found in only a few locations worldwide, of which the designated type locality is the Santa Rita mine in New Mexico.
Thomas’s 75th birthday was celebrated at the University of Cambridge with a symposium and several musical and social events. It was attended by Angela Merkel and Ahmed Zewail. The papers presented were published in 2008 by the Royal Society of Chemistry as Turning Points in Solid-State, Materials and Surface Science: A Book in Celebration of the Life and Work of Sir John Meurig Thomas.
Professor Thomas had much to celebrate in 2008; Merfyn’s wife Nerys died in the care of Dafydd’s mates at the Walton Centre when they found that there was just nothing that they could do, as so many others who have stood up to those bastards have found.
Some Interesting Facts about Angela Merkel:
Before Mutti was Chancellor of Germany, she was a physical chemist. Merkel was educated at Karl Marx University, Leipzig, where she studied physics, 1973-78. While a student, Mutti participated in the reconstruction of the ruin of the Moritzbastei, a project students initiated to create their own club and recreation facility on campus. Such an initiative was unprecedented in the GDR of that period and initially resisted by the University; however, with backing of the local leadership of the SED party, the project was allowed to proceed.
Near the end of her studies, Merkel sought an Assistant Professorship at an engineering school. As a condition for getting the job, Merkel was told she would need to agree to report on her colleagues to officers of the Stasi. Merkel declined, using the excuse that she could not keep secrets well enough to be an effective spy. Merkel worked and studied at the Central Institute for Physical Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences in Berlin-Adlershof, 1978-90. After being awarded her doctorate in quantum chemistry in 1986, Mutti worked as a researcher and published several papers. In 1986, she was able to travel freely to West Germany to attend a congress; she also participated in a multi-week language course in Donetsk in the then-Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (now part of the disputed Donetsk People’s Republic).
Mutti has been married twice. Her first husband was Ulrich Merkel. He met Mutti in 1974 when they were both physics students and they married in 1977. The marriage ended in divorce in 1982. Mutti kept her first husband’s last name. Mutti’s second husband is Joachim Sauer (born 19 April 1949). He is a quantum chemist and full Professor at the Humboldt University of Berlin. He married Mutti on 30 December 1998.
Mutti’s younger brother Marcus Kasner, is a physicist and her younger sister Irene Kasner, is an occupational therapist. Marcus Kasner was born on 7 July 1957 and his early career paralleled that of Mutti. He studied physics, completed a doctorate in physics and worked as a researcher at the German Academy of Sciences at Berlin. Marcus earned his Habilitation with the dissertation Electronic correlation in the quantum Hall regime at the Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg in 2002.
Between 2008-11 I was a member of a team of researchers from Bangor University who were part of a big EU-funded sociology project with six other teams from different European countries. The German team was from the Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg. Towards the end of the project, the German team were in conflict with many other researchers on the project, but particularly the Bangor team. Things became very difficult but the leader of our team was a senior Prof who was very diplomatic and good at dealing with tricky situations. After the project ended, some of us wanted to follow up the work, so we began negotiations re writing another bid for follow up funding. One day my friend, who was, like me, a junior researcher on the EU project, received a phone call from the German team telling her that they would only work with us again if I agreed to lead the Bangor team and freeze our Prof out. We were gobsmacked, it was a ridiculous idea, apart from being disloyal, I didn’t have anything like the experience that my boss had. The German team had been awful to me by then anyway, why on earth would they want me??? I smelt a rat but I wasn’t sure in what direction. I wondered if they were trying to set me up in some way as well as shaft our boss.
The reason for the smell of a rat was that the German team of sociologists and social workers had been visiting scholars to Bangor for a number of years and had held workshops and seminars which the worst members of the Gang had attended. I presumed that the German visitors had no idea that the Gang were part of a trafficking ring and abused patients. The Gang were clueless academically, but they’d do anything for a few days off work and a free buffet under the pretence of Continuing Professional Development a la the Mindfulness retreats…
The German team knew Sadie Francis, they mentioned her by name and all the good work that she was doing… They had got to know Sadie and the Gang when they first began visiting Bangor years previously during the Waterhouse Inquiry after Roy Evans had become Principal of UCNW and Eric Sunderland had left the scene of the crime, having carefully sown the seeds…
Eric suddenly announced his decision to step down as Principal of UCNW just after Patient F and I met with the Mental Health Act Commissioners and told them that Dafydd was sexually exploiting patients and that serious complaints were not being investigated…
I am fairly sure that the example of an interview that the German team gave me with an Empowered Service User from north Wales was conducted by Sheila Jenkins. I knew the Empowered Service User interviewed and I know that he and his wife refused further Help from Sheila et al because after being verbally abused by an Angel at the Hergest Unit, the Empowered Service User made an appointment with a manager to raise his concerns and was told ‘She’s a nurse, you’re a patient, who do you think that I am going to believe?’ It was the last straw in a whole series of events, including him being arrested for a non-offence while a patient in the Hergest Unit.
Sheila Jenkins’s daughter Sarah went to Bristol University with Gordon Brown’s wife Sarah, they were on the psychology degree together. See previous posts.
I still can’t work out what the German team were up to, but we began the project the year that Merfyn’s wife died and people in places high and low were in hot pursuit, including Gordon Brown. The Gang also knew that my lawyers had obtained my medical records and they knew just how damning the contents were.
Perhaps Mutti can let us know what it was all about.
Marcus Kasner has published papers in journals such as ‘Physical Review’, ‘Physical Review Letters’ and ‘Physica’. Kasner currently teaches at the Institute for Theoretical Physics at the Goethe University Frankfurt and lives in Darmstadt.
Do Mutti or any of her friends and relations perhaps happen to know a German snob and intellectual who was a good friend of so many with a taste for chickens and who kept a second home at Croesor for many years? A man who, along with his daughter, was a friend and dinner companion of Gordon Brown and other Labour big wigs? I think we should be told.
Explain the science behind that then Mutti.
In 2008 when we began that EU project, Gordon had not long become PM. The Gordon who was mates with Eric Hobsbawm and his daughter Julia; the Gordon who’s wife went to Bristol University at the same time as Sarah Jenkins, daughter of Gang member Sheila Jenkins, where they were both on the psychology degree. Sarah Brown was also a friend and business partner of Julia Hobsbawm. Gordon’s pal Jack McConnell who became FM of Scotland the year after the publication of the Waterhouse Report went to Stirling University with my two friends who knew what was happening to me at the hands of the Gang. My friends found themselves frozen out by Jack’s mates and then gangsters came after them. See eg.’The Turn Of The Screw’. Jack’s an unscrupulous old bugger because the female half of my pair of friends at Stirling found Jack in her bed without being invited before Jack realised that he could climb up the greasy pole of the Labour Party on the back of what happened to one of her friends.
In 2010 Imperial College Press published 4D Electron Microscopy: Imaging in Space and Time, which Thomas co-authored with Ahmed Zewail (Nobel Laureate, Chemistry, 1999).
Imperial College was another institution upon who’s back UCNW rode. There were many links between Imperial and UCNW, one of the key ones being Professor Wynn Humphrey Davies, the son of a Liberal MP from north Wales. Prof Davies was a UCNW graduate who worked at Imperial for some time and in retirement moved back to north Wales and for many years (Prof Davies lived to a very old age) was a member of Bangor University Council and Chair of the Finance Committee. Wynn Humphrey was a pal of the Gang and knew how serious the crime was; his dad went back to Lloyd George and the Glorious Past as well as Sir Clough, Bertrand Russell etc. See previous posts. Patrick Blackett passed through Imperial. The real mover and shaker providing an Imperial-Wales connection was the nuclear physicist Lord Brian Flowers who was Rector of Imperial. Flowers grew up in Swansea and remained loyal to the fatherland, so the boat really came in when Flowers became VC of London University (he served as VC of Manchester University as well) and also oversaw the merging of the London Medical Schools with Imperial. Flowers presided over en masse research fraud and of course the Westminster Paedophile Ring. See previous posts eg. ‘A Bit More Paleontology’.
Now it’s time to have a look at the background of William Penney, the man who was calling the shots re the highest authorities responsible for atomic research and regulation when Patrick Blackett et al and Dafydd’s mates were busy designing and dropping nuclear weapons.
The Lord Penney
|Born||24 June 1909|
|Died||3 March 1991 (aged 81)|
|Alma mater||Imperial College London
University of London
|Known for||Britain’s nuclear program
Proposed the mathematical work to study the damage effects of nuclear weapons during his stay in Manhattan Project
The Kronig-Penney model
|Awards||Rumford Medal (1966)
Wilhelm Exner Medal (1967)
|Institutions||Atomic Weapons Research Establishment
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission
U.K. Atomic Energy Authority
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Imperial College London
University of Oxford
University of Cambridge
University of Wisconsin–Madison
William George Penney, Baron Penney was Professor of Mathematical Physics at Imperial College and Rector of Imperial College, who occupied a leading role in the development of Britain’s nuclear programme, a clandestine project that started in 1942 leading to the first British atomic bomb in 1952.
Penney was the head of the British delegation working in the Manhattan Project. Penney directed Britain’s own nuclear weapons directorate, codename Tube Alloys, and directed research at the Atomic Energy Research Establishment which resulted in the first detonation of a British nuclear bomb (codename ‘Operation Hurricane’). After the test, Penney became Chief Adviser to the newly created British Govt’s United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA). He was later Chairman of UKAEA, which he used in international negotiations to control nuclear testing with the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
Penney accepted a Commonwealth Fund Fellowship and became foreign research associate at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, returning to England soon afterwards. In England, Penney was granted the 1851 Exhibition Scholarship to attend Trinity College, Cambridge. He changed career to physics. In 1935, Penney obtained a D.Sc. from Cambridge. In 1936 he was appointed Reader in Mathematics at Imperial, a post he held until 1945.
At the start of WW II, Penney’s was offered a research position with the Royal Navy. The Admiralty and Home Office asked Penney to investigate problems connected with the properties of under-water blast waves from high explosives. In 1943, he was released from his Royal Navy work and returned to Imperial. Then Penney joined Tube Alloys. Shortly before D-Day in 1944, Penney was made head of the British delegation to the Manhattan Project. Penney and others went to the Los Alamos Laboratory.
At Los Alamos Penney ‘quickly gained recognition for his scientific talents, and also for his leadership qualities and ability to work in harmony with others’. Within a few weeks of his arrival he was added to the core group of scientists making key decisions in the direction of the program. Other members of that team included J. Robert Oppenheimer, John von Neumann, Norman F. Ramsey and Captain William Parsons of the United States Navy.
On 16 July 1945, Penney was an observer at the Trinity test detonation. He was there to observe the effect of radiant heating in igniting structural materials and had also designed apparatus to monitor the blast effect of the explosions. The Americans considered Penney to be among the five most distinguished British contributors to the work. General Leslie Groves, overall director of the Manhattan Project, later wrote:
vital decisions were reached only after the most careful consideration and discussion with the men I thought were able to offer the soundest advice. Generally, for this operation, they were Oppenheimer, Von Neumann, Penney, Parsons and Ramsey.
Penney went to Washington for a top secret committee target selection meeting. He recommended Hiroshima and Nagasaki because of the hills surrounding the target which he said would create maximum devastation. Penney gave valuable advice regarding the height of the bomb detonation which would ensure optimum destructive effects, whilst ensuring the fireball did not touch the earth, thereby avoiding permanent radiation contamination on the ground.
Along with RAF Group Captain Leonard Cheshire, (he of the disability charidee that was dogged by allegations of abuse but that was kept quiet) Penney accompanied the American Team to Tinian Island from which the Hiroshima and Nagasaki missions were flown. On 9 August 1945 Penney witnessed the bombing of Nagasaki. Penney and Cheshire were granted permission to fly in the B-29 Big Stink, one of the observation planes that accompanied the Nagasaki weapon delivery bomber Bockscar. Due to the belated permission, Big Stink missed its rendezvous with the bomber at Nagasaki. They saw the Nagasaki detonation from the air at a distance.
Penney was a member of the team of scientists and military analysts who entered Hiroshima and Nagasaki following the Japanese surrender on 15 August 1945 to assess the effects of nuclear weapons.
At the end of WW II, the British Gov’t, now under Labour PM Clement Attlee, believed that America would share the technology that British leaders saw as a joint discovery under the terms of the 1943 Quebec Agreement. In December 1945 PM Attlee ordered the construction of an atomic pile to produce plutonium and requested a report to detail requirements for Britain’s atomic bombs. Penney returned to England, intending to resume his academic career, but was approached by C.P. Snow and asked to take up post as Chief Superintendent Armament Research (CSAR, called “Caesar”) at Fort Halstead in Kent, as he suspected that Britain was going to have to build an atomic bomb of its own and the Gov’t wanted Penney in this job. As CSAR Penney was responsible for all types of armaments research.
In 1946, at the request of General Leslie Groves and the US Navy, Penney returned to the United States where he was put in charge of the blast effects studies for Operation Crossroads. In July, Penney was present at Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands and wrote the after action reports on the effects of the two nuclear detonations.
The passing of the McMahon Act (Atomic Energy Act) by the Truman administration in August 1946 made it clear that Britain would be no longer be allowed access to US atomic research. Penney left the United States and returned to England where he initiated his plans for an Atomics Weapons Section, submitting them to the Lord Portal (Marshal of the Royal Air Force) in November 1946. During the winter of 1946–1947, Penney returned to the United States, where he served as a scientific adviser to the British representative at the American Atomic Energy Commission. With almost all other aspects of atomic co-operation between the countries at an end, Penney’s personal role was seen as keeping the contact alive between the parties.
Attlee’s Gov’t decided that Britain required the atomic bomb to maintain its position in world politics. In the words of Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin – “We’ve got to have it and it’s got to have a bloody Union Jack on it.” Officially, the decision to proceed with the British atomic bomb project was made in January 1947, although arrangements were already under way. The necessary plutonium was on order from Harwell and in the Armaments Research Department of the Ministry of Supply an Atomic Weapons Section was being organised. The project was code-named High Explosive Research (or HER).
In May 1947, Penney was officially named to head the HER project. Penney began assembling teams of scientists and engineers to work on the new technologies that had to be developed. The research was spread across several test facilities in the UK, with confusing lines of authority and responsibility. In 1951 the first scientific staff arrived at Aldermaston and soon after the HER project vacated the Royal Arsenal. On 3 October 1952, the first British nuclear device was successfully detonated off the west coast of Australia in the Monte Bello Islands.
Penney was also aware of the PR issues associated with the tests and made presentations to the Australian press. Before one series of tests the Australian High Commissioner described his press presence: “Sir William Penney has established in Australia a reputation which is quite unique: his appearance, his obvious sincerity and honesty, and the general impression he gives that he would rather be digging his garden – and would be, but for the essential nature of his work – have made him a public figure of some magnitude in Australian eyes”.
In 1954, nuclear development was transferred from the Ministry of Supply to the newly formed UKAEA, with Penney on board.
In the mid 1950s Britain felt the need to quickly develop megaton class weapons because it seemed that atmospheric testing could soon be outlawed by treaty. The UK wanted to demonstrate its ability to manufacture megaton class weapons by proof-testing them before any legal prohibitions were in place. According to an article in ‘New Scientist’ -a publication founded by Tom Margerison – PM Macmillan was also hoping to convince the US to change the McMahon Act, which prohibited sharing information even with the British, by demonstrating that the UK had the technology to make a thermonuclear weapon (an H-bomb). Macmillan put Penney in charge of developing this bomb. The Orange Herald bomb was developed and was passed off as a thermonuclear bomb, when in fact it was a boosted fission weapon. The test of this weapon was successful in convincing the Americans to allow information sharing with the British.
Lord Penney was Rector of Imperial, 1967 -73. The college built and named the William Penney Laboratory in his honour in 1987.
In later years Penney admitted to qualms about his work but felt that it was necessary. It was probably a matter of taking Very Difficult Decisions when Only Trying To Help and With Hindsight Perhaps Mistakes Were Made.
When aggressively questioned by the McClelland Royal Commission investigating the test programmes at Monte Bello and Maralinga in 1985, Penney acknowledged that at least one of the 12 tests probably had unsafe levels of fallout. However, he maintained that due care was taken and that the tests conformed to the internationally accepted safety standards of the time, a position which was confirmed from official records by Lorna Arnold.
McClelland broadly accepted Penney’s view but anecdotal evidence to the contrary received wide coverage in the press. By promoting a more Australian nationalist view, then current in the Gov’t of Bob Hawke, McClelland had also identified “villains” in the previous Australian and British administrations. As a senior witness Penney bore the brunt of the allegations and his health was badly affected by the experience. He died a few years later at his home in the village of East Hendred, aged 81.
In his obituary in ‘The New York Times’, Penney was credited as the father of the British atomic bomb. ‘The Guardian’ described Penney as its “guiding light” and his scientific and administrative leadership was said to be crucial in its successful and timely creation. His leadership of the team that exploded the first British hydrogen bomb at Christmas Island was instrumental in restoring the exchange of nuclear technology between Britain and the USA in 1958 and William Penney was credited as playing a leading part in the negotiations which led to the treaty forbidding atmospheric nuclear tests in 1963.
During his lifetime William Penney was made a Commonwealth Fund Fellow at the University of Wisconsin-Madison (1932); FRS (1946); Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (1970). Among the honours he received was the Rumford Medal by the Royal Society (1966). Penney was awarded an Honorary Degree (Doctor of Science) by Bath University in 1966. For services to the United States, he was one of the first recipients of the United States Medal of Freedom (with Silver Palm), awarded by President Harry S. Truman. For services to Britain Penney was appointed OBE; 1946: raised to Knight Commander of the order, KBE; 1952; made a life peer, taking the title Baron Penney in 7 July 1967; awarded the OM in 1969.
William Penney served on the board of the UK AEA, 1954-67, including as Chairman, 1962–67. In 1974 Penney chaired a Committee assessing the need for an expert group to be set up to advise and warn the engineering profession on matters of structural safety, which reported positively. Penney served as the first Chairman of the UK’s Standing Committee on Structural Safety, 1976-82.
It is just such a pity about the international trafficking ring, the numerous sex offenders given 100% protection, the murders of witnesses (some of whom were children), the rot that gained the upper hand in politics, the professions and academia and of course in the NHS, which was transformed into a very expensive machine for exterminating vulnerable people.
As well as on an individual level, the framing and imprisoning of F and the abduction of his child by a gang of paedophiles. I’ll await a comment on the blog all those people involved – there were a great many of you.
If the Gang wanted to bring the Nobel Prize into disrepute they’ve found a highly effective way of doing so.
Thomas’s most recent publication is Design and Applications of Single-Site Heterogeneous Catalysts: Contributions to Green Chemistry, Clean Technology and Sustainability (2012).
Sir John’s methods of catalysis might be sustainable but they are certainly not clean.
In 2003, Sir John was the first scientist to be awarded the Medal of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion (London) – a favourite Society of the paedophiles’ friends- for services to Welsh culture and British public life. Sir John is also a Founding Fellow of the Learned Society of Wales and a Member of its inaugural Council. The Learned Society of Wales seems to be an organisation that was established by the Gang’s network in 2010 just before the need for plaques came upon so many people.
Sir John’s interests include Welsh Literature, a favourite past-time of many of the Gwerin and ornithology. Previous posts have discussed how my friend Anne who was killed by the Gang in April 1986 was a member of Bangor Bird Group and how other members of Bangor Bird Group who knew us were bought off in return for them keeping quiet re the encounters that I had with Gwynne et al.
Since 2011 Sir John has been a member of the Scientific Advisory Committee for Wales.
Sir John Meurig Thomas is an overseer of the Science History Institute (Philadelphia) and a member of the International Advisory Board of the Zewail City of Science and Technology (Egypt). Thomas was also appointed as a Honorary Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering in 2013. In 2016, Sir John was conferred an Honorary Fellowship by Beijing Normal University-Hong Kong Baptist University United International College (UIC), in view of his distinguished achievements in catalysis and materials science and his dedication and outstanding contributions to the popularisation of science.
In October 2016, the Royal Society awarded Thomas the Royal Medal for Physical Sciences “for his pioneering work within catalytic chemistry, in particular on single-site heterogeneous catalysts, which have had a major impact on green chemistry, clean technology and sustainability.” The Duke of York represented Her Majesty the Queen at the ceremony, knowing much more about enzyme catalysis than Lilibet; Andrew will no doubt soon be picking up his PhD after his years of studying at the knee of Sir John.
Also in 2016, the UK Catalysis Hub launched a new medal that “honours the achievements of Sir John Meurig Thomas, a distinguished professor in the field of catalysis.” The JMT Medal will be awarded every year, to a person working in the UK, for outstanding achievement in catalysis or a closely related field. I must look up the lucky winners so far.
To return to John Meurig Thomas’s senior colleague at Cambridge, Patrick Blackett’s friend John Bernal. As a young man, after his early studies at Cambridge, Bernal began research under William Henry Bragg at the Davy Faraday Laboratory at the Royal Institution in London.
Sir William Henry Bragg (2 July 1862-12 March 1942) was a physician, chemist, mathematician and active sportsman who uniquely shared a Nobel Prize with his son Lawrence Bragg , the 1915 Nobel Prize for Physics “for their services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays”. The mineral Braggite is named after Bragg and his son.
Sir William Henry Bragg
|Born||2 July 1862|
|Died||12 March 1942 (aged 79)
London, United Kingdom
|Alma mater||Trinity College, Cambridge|
|Known for||X-ray diffraction
|Awards||Nobel Prize in Physics (1915)
Barnard Medal (1915)
Matteucci Medal (1915)
Rumford Medal (1916)
Copley Medal (1930)
Faraday Medal (1936)
John J. Carty Award (1939)
|Institutions||University of Adelaide
University of Leeds
University College London
|Academic advisors||J. J. Thomson|
|Notable students||W. L. Bragg
William Thomas Astbury
John Desmond Bernal
John Burton Cleland
He is the father of Lawrence Bragg. Father and son jointly won the Nobel Prize.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Geobiography of William Henry Bragg.|
Bragg was born near Wigton in Cumberland, the son of Robert John Bragg, a merchant marine officer and farmer, and his wife Mary, a clergyman’s daughter. When Bragg was seven years old, his mother died, and he was raised by his uncle, also named William Bragg, at Market Harborough, Leicestershire. Bragg was educated at Market Harborough Grammar School, at King William’s College on the Isle of Man and at Trinity College, Cambridge. Bragg graduated six years before Bertrand Russell arrived to read maths at Trinity; Bragg and Russell knew each other.
Compare and Contrast:
Bertrand Russell at four years old:
Timmy, Spoilt Bastard from Viz:
In 1885, at the age of 23, Bragg was appointed (Sir Thomas) Elder Prof of Mathematics and Experimental Physics at the University of Adelaide Australia, and started work there early in 1886. Bragg was a mathematician with limited knowledge of physics, most of which was in the form of applied mathematics that he had learnt at Trinity. At that time, there were only about 100 students doing full courses at Adelaide, of whom less than a handful belonged to the science school, whose deficient teaching facilities Bragg improved by apprenticing himself to a firm of instrument makers. Bragg encouraged the formation of the student union and the attendance, free of charge, of science teachers at his lectures.
Bragg’s interest in physics developed and in 1895, he was visited by Ernest Rutherford, en route from New Zealand to Cambridge. This was the commencement of a lifelong friendship. Bragg had a keen interest in the new discovery of Wilhelm Röntgen. On 29 May 1896 at Adelaide, Bragg demonstrated before a meeting of local Top Doctors the application of “X-rays to reveal structures that were otherwise invisible”. Samuel Barbour, senior chemist of F. H. Faulding & Co., an Adelaide pharmaceutical manufacturer, supplied the necessary apparatus in the form of a Crookes tube, a glass discharge tube. Barbour returned to Adelaide in April 1896. At the University, the tube was attached to an induction coil and a battery borrowed from Sir Charles Todd, Bragg’s father-in-law. The induction coil was utilized to produce the electric spark necessary for Bragg and Barbour to “generate short bursts of X-rays”. Bragg availed himself as a test subject and allowed an X-ray photograph to be taken of his hand.
As early as 1895, William Bragg was working on wireless telegraphy. On 21 September 1897 Bragg gave the first recorded public demonstration of the working of wireless telegraphy in Australia during a lecture meeting at the University of Adelaide as part of the Public Teachers’ Union conference. Bragg departed Adelaide in December 1897 and spent all of 1898 on a 12-month leave of absence, touring Great Britain and Europe and during this time visited Marconi and inspected his wireless facilities. He returned to Adelaide in early March 1899 and already on 13 May 1899, Bragg and his father-in-law, Sir Charles Todd, were conducting preliminary tests of wireless telegraphy. Experiments continued throughout the southern winter of 1899. In September the work was extended to two way transmissions. It was desired to extend the experiments cross a sea path and Todd was interested in connecting Cape Spencer and Althorpe Island, but local costs were considered prohibitive while the charges for patented equipment from the Marconi Company were exorbitant. At the same time Bragg’s interests were leaning towards X-rays and practical work in wireless in South Australia was largely dormant for the next decade.
The turning point in Bragg’s career came in 1904 when he gave the presidential address to the Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science at Dunedin, New Zealand, on “Some Recent Advances in the Theory of the Ionization of Gases”. Further research followed and within three years, Bragg had become a Fellow of the Royal Society of London.
In December 1904 Bragg’s paper “On the Absorption of α Rays and on the Classification of the α Rays from Radium” appeared in the ‘Philosophical Magazine’ and in the same issue a paper “On the Ionization Curves of Radium”, written in collaboration with his student Richard Kleeman, also appeared.
At the end of 1908, Bragg returned to England. During his 23 years in Australia “he had seen the number of students at the University of Adelaide almost quadruple, and had a full share in the development of its excellent science school.”
There is of course a commemorative plaque to William Bragg, specifically on the Parkinson Building at the University of Leeds:
Bragg occupied the Cavendish Chair of Physics at Leeds University from 1909. He invented the X-ray spectrometer and with his son, Lawrence Bragg, then a research student at Cambridge, founded the new science of X-ray crystallography.
In 1915, Bragg was appointed Prof of Physics at UCL. In July 1915, Bragg was appointed to the Board of Invention and Research set up by the Admiralty to contribute to the war effort. In November 1915, Bragg shared the Nobel Prize in Physics with his elder son William Lawrence. The Navy was struggling to prevent sinkings by U boats and it was believed that the best tactic was to listen for the submarines. The Navy had a hydrophone research establishment at Aberdour, Scotland. In November 1915, two young physicists were added to its staff. In July 1916, the Admiralty appointed Bragg as Scientific Director at Aberdour, assisted by three additional young physicists.
Late in 1916, Bragg with his small group moved to Harwich, where the staff was enlarged and they had access to a submarine for tests. In January 1918, Bragg moved into the Admiralty as Head of Scientific Research in the anti-submarine division.
After the war Bragg returned to UCL, where he continued to work on crystal analysis.
From 1923, Bragg was Prof of Chemistry at the Royal Institution and Director of the Davy Faraday Research Laboratory. In 1919, 1923 and 1925, Bragg was invited to deliver the Royal Institution Christmas Lecture on The World of Sound; Concerning the Nature of Things and Old Trades and New Knowledge respectively.
Bragg was elected FRS in 1907, Vice-President of the Royal Society in 1920 and served as President, 1935-40. He was elected a member of the Royal Academy of Science, Letters and Fine Arts of Belgium on 1 June 1946.
In 1889 W.H. Bragg married Gwendoline Todd, a skilled water-colour painter, and daughter of astronomer, meteorologist and electrical engineer Sir Charles Todd. They had three children, a daughter, Gwendolen and two sons, (William) Lawrence (W.L.), born in 1890 and Robert. Bragg taught William at the University of Adelaide. Robert was killed at Gallipoli.
Bragg played tennis and golf, and as a founding member of the North Adelaide and Adelaide University Lacrosse Clubs, contributed to the introduction of lacrosse to South Australia and was also the Secretary of the Adelaide University Chess Association. W.H.’s wife Gwendoline died in 1929. W.H. Bragg died in 1942 in England and was survived by his daughter Gwendolen (Mrs. Alban Caroe) and his son, Lawrence.
In 1927, Patrick Blackett’s friend John Bernal was appointed Lecturer in Structural Crystallography at Cambridge, becoming the Assistant Director of the Cavendish Laboratory in 1934. It was in Bernal’s research group where, following a year working with Tiny Powell at Oxford, Dorothy Hodgkin continued her early research career.
Max Perutz arrived at the Cavendish as a student from Vienna in 1936 and started the work on haemoglobin that would occupy most of his career.
John Bernal was refused fellowships at Emmanuel and Christ’s as well as tenure by Ernest Rutherford who disliked him and in 1937, Bernal became Professor of Physics at Birkbeck, University of London, in the Dep’t which had already been made famous and influential by Patrick Blackett.
John Bernal was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1937. After World War II Bernal established Birkbeck’s Biomolecular Research Laboratory in Torrington Square with 15 researchers. Aaron Klug worked on ribonuclease whilst Andrew Booth developed some of the earliest computers to assist with the work. Rosalind Franklin joined Bernal’s Lab from King’s College – she had joined King’s College London after working in Paris following her work at Cambridge under Ronald Norrish – and carried out work there on viruses until her death on 16 April 1958.
In 1950, Franklin had been granted a three year Turner & Newall Fellowship to work at King’s College, London. In January 1951, she started working as a Research Associate in the MRC Biophysics Unit, directed by John Randall. Franklin was originally appointed to work on X-ray diffraction of proteins and lipids in solution, but Randall redirected her work to DNA fibres because of new developments in the field. She was the only experienced experimental diffraction researcher at King’s at the time. Randall made this reassignment, even before Franklin started working at King’s, because of the work by Maurice Wilkins and Raymond Gosling , a Ph.D. student assigned to help her. Franklin moved to Birkbeck in 1953 because of a disagreement with John Randall and even more of a disagreement with Maurice Wilkins.
Now then. A bit of background on Maurice Wilkins, who along with Crick and Watson, bagged the Nobel Prize for discovering the structure of DNA.
Maurice Hugh Frederick Wilkins (15 December 1916-5 October 2004) is best known for his work at King’s College, London on DNA. Wilkins was born in Pongaroa, formerly north Wairarapa, now Tararua District, New Zealand where his father, Edgar Henry Wilkins was a Top Doctor. His family had come from Dublin, where his paternal and maternal grandfathers were, respectively, Headmaster of Dublin High School and a Chief of Police. The Wilkinses moved to Birmingham, England when Maurice was 6. Later, he attended Wylde Green College and then went to King Edward’s School, Birmingham, 1929-34.
Wilkins went to St John’s College, Cambridge in 1935. Mark Oliphant, who was one of Wilkins’ instructors at St. John’s, was appointed to the Chair of Physics at Birmingham University and had appointed John Randall to his staff. Wilkins became a Ph.D. student of Randall at Birmingham, received his PhD in 1940 and subsequently published some of the work on phosphorescence undertaken for his PhD with Randall in 1945 as four papers in the ‘Proceedings of the Royal Society’.
During WW II Wilkins developed improved radar screens at Birmingham, then worked on isotope separation at the Manhattan Project at the University of California, Berkeley, 1944–45.
Meanwhile, Randall had been appointed to the Chair of Physics at St Andrew’s. In 1945, Randall appointed Wilkins as Assistant Lecturer in his Department at St Andrews. Randall was negotiating with the MRC to set up a laboratory to apply the experimental methods of physics to problems of biology. The MRC told Randall that this had to be done in another university. In 1946 Randall was appointed Professor of Physics, in charge of the entire Physics department at King’s College, London, with the funding to set up a Biophysics Unit. He brought Wilkins with him as Assistant Director of the Biophysics Unit. They appointed a team of scientists trained in both the physical and biological sciences. The “management philosophy” was to explore the use of many techniques in parallel, to find which looked promising, and then to focus on these. Wilkins, as the scientist with most diverse experience of physics and Assistant Director of the unit, had general oversight of the varied projects besides direct involvement in his personal research projects that included new types of optical microscopy.
King’s College received funding to build completely new Physics and Engineering Departments where the vaults beneath the Strand level College forecourt had been destroyed by bombing during WW II. The Biophysics Unit, several more experimental physics groups and the theoretical group started to move in, during the early months of 1952. The laboratories were opened formally by Lord Cherwell on 27 June. An article by Wilkins’ for ‘Nature’ described both departments, consistent with his leadership role and prestige within the college at large.
At King’s College, London, Wilkins worked on DNA structure.
According to Maurice Wilkins’s wiki entry:
Wilkins and a graduate student Raymond Gosling [Gosling was Rosalind Franklin’s PhD student and she continued to supervise his PhD until he finished it, although by then she had left King’s as a result of her difficulties with Randall and Wilkins – Ed] obtained X-ray photographs of DNA that showed that the long, thin DNA molecule… Gosling later said “When… I first saw all those discrete diffraction spots …emerging on the film in the developing dish was a truly eureka moment….we realised that if DNA was the gene material then we had just shown that genes could crystallize!” [No, Gosling didn’t realise any such thing. Franklin was the only person who had realised what needed to be realised as I shall explain shortly – Ed.] This initial X-ray diffraction work at King’s College was done in May or June 1950. It was one of the X-ray diffraction photographs taken in 1950 shown at a meeting in Naples a year later, that sparked James Watson’s interest in DNA causing him to write “suddenly I was excited about chemistry… I began to wonder whether it would be possible for me to join Wilkins in working on DNA”. [So Watson had no interest in DNA before he saw those photos – Ed.]
At that time Wilkins also introduced Francis Crick to the importance of DNA.
Get on the bandwagon boys, DNA is where the action is!!!
Wilkins knew that experiments on the threads of purified DNA would require better X-ray equipment. He ordered a new X-ray tube and a new microcamera. He also suggested to Randall that the soon-to-be-appointed Rosalind Franklin should be reassigned from work on protein solutions to join the DNA effort.
Rosalind was the ONLY ONE OF THEM who had the experience and knowledge needed to carry out the work. That is why nothing more happened until she arrived at King’s.
By the summer of 1950 John Randall had arranged for a three year research fellowship that would fund Rosalind Franklin in his laboratory. Franklin had been delayed in finishing her previous work in Paris. Late in 1950, Randall wrote to Franklin to inform her that rather than work on protein, she should take advantage of Wilkins’s preliminary work and that she should do X-ray studies of DNA fibers made from samples of DNA at King’s donated by Rudolf Signer.
Early in 1951 Franklin finally arrived. Wilkins was away on holiday and missed an initial meeting at which PhD student Raymond Gosling stood in for him along with Alex Stokes, who, like Crick, would solve the basic mathematics that make possible a general theory of how helical structures diffract X-rays. No work had been done on DNA in the laboratory for several months; the new X-ray tube sat unused, waiting for Franklin. Franklin ended up with the DNA from Signer, Gosling became her PhD student and she had the expectation that the DNA X-ray diffraction work was her project.
Wilkins’s wiki entry states that he ‘returned to the laboratory expecting, on the other hand, that Franklin would be his collaborator and that they would work together on the DNA project that he had started.’ Wilkins’s wiki entry continues: ‘The confusion over Franklin’s and Wilkins’ roles in relation to the DNA effort (which later developed into considerable tension between them) is clearly attributable to Randall. In his letter of appointment he told Franklin “as far as the experimental X-ray effort [on DNA] is concerned, there will be at the moment only yourself and Gosling”. However, Randall never informed Wilkins of his decision to give Franklin sole responsibility for the DNA effort and Wilkins only learned of the letter years after Franklin’s death. He later wrote “My opinion is very clear: that Randall was very wrong to have written to Rosalind telling her that Stokes and I wished to stop our work on DNA, without consulting us. After Raymond [Gosling] and I got a clear crystalline X-ray pattern I was very eager to continue that work … Trying to understand ‘what really happened’ when a very admirable scientist [Randall] models himself on Napoleon is not easy … [but the letter] was very damaging to her and to me”.
As with everyone who was Shocked and Disgusted years after their mates had bombed Hiroshima and Nagasaki, when the theft of Franklin’s work and the appalling way in which she had been treated by Crick and Watson in particular became public – many years after her death – everyone was Shocked and Disgusted, even Crick and Watson who were Shocked and Disgusted with themselves. I suggest that Wilkins (as well as everyone else) rewrote their part in history. Wilkins and Randall were mates, Randall was the boss but they got on very well together, Wilkins didn’t have any problems with Randall until the outburst of Shock and Disgust. Wilkins was never so Shocked and Disgusted that he turned down the Nobel Prize that he, Crick and Watson won on the basis of work that they had literally stolen from Franklin. I will discuss this further shortly.
By November 1951, Wilkins had evidence that DNA in cells as well as purified DNA had a helical structure. Alex Stokes had solved the basic mathematics of helical diffraction theory and thought that Wilkins’s X-ray diffraction data indicated a helical structure in DNA. Wilkins met with Watson and Crick and told them about his results. This information from Wilkins, along with additional information gained by Watson when he heard Franklin talk about her research during a King’s College research meeting, stimulated Watson and Crick to create their first molecular model of DNA. Upon viewing the model of the proposed structure, Franklin told Watson and Crick that it was wrong. Crick tried to get Wilkins to continue with additional molecular modelling efforts on the basis of Franklin’s ideas but Wilkins did not take this approach.
Early in 1952, Wilkins began a series of experiments on sepia sperm which were very encouraging. “I…got much clearer patterns than the previous year…..when I met [Sir William Lawrence] Bragg by chance I showed him the pattern [which] very clearly offered strong evidence for a helical structure for DNA….the sharp sperm patterns were very inspiring, and had the special interest that sperm were real live objects and not just purified DNA extracted by chemists from living material”.
During 1952, Franklin refused to participate in molecular modelling efforts – she was of the opinion that the models were wrong and further work was needed – and continued to work on step-by-step detailed analysis of her X-ray diffraction data. By the spring of 1952, Franklin had received permission from Randall to ask to transfer her fellowship so that she could leave King’s College and work in John Bernal’s laboratory at Birkbeck College. Franklin remained at King’s College until the middle of March, 1953.
Linus Pauling in the US had published a proposed but incorrect structure of DNA, making the same basic error that Watson and Crick had made a year earlier. Some of those working on DNA in the UK feared that Pauling would realise the structure of DNA before anyone in the UK did.
After March 1952 Franklin concentrated on the X-ray data for the A-form of less hydrated DNA while Wilkins tried to work on the hydrated B-form. Wilkins was handicapped because Franklin had all of the good DNA. Wilkins got new DNA samples, but they were not as good as the original sample he had obtained in 1950 and which Franklin continued to use.
In early 1953 James Watson, who was working at the Cavendish Lab in Cambridge, visited King’s College and Wilkins showed him a high quality image of the B-form X-ray diffraction pattern, now identified as photograph 51, that Franklin had produced in March 1952. With the knowledge that Pauling was working on DNA and had submitted a model of DNA for publication, Watson and Crick mounted one more concentrated effort to deduce the structure of DNA.
Through his thesis supervisor Max Perutz, Francis Crick at the Cavendish Lab at Cambridge gained access to a progress report from King’s College that included useful information from Franklin about the features of DNA she had deduced from her X-ray diffraction data. Crick obtained this report from King’s that ‘included useful information from Franklin that she had deduced from her X-ray diffraction data’ because when Franklin felt obliged to leave Randall’s lab at King’s as a result of the ‘tensions’ between her, Randall and in particular Wilkins, Randall and Bernal at Birkbeck, who had offered Franklin an escape route from Randall’s lab, made an agreement that all the DNA work would stay at King’s, including that carried out by Franklin when she was there. So she handed over her work to the King’s team after things had become so difficult between them that she had moved to another institution. They then shared it with Max Perutz’s et al at the Cavendish Lab at Cambridge.
Watson and Crick published their proposed DNA double helical structure in a paper in the journal Nature in April 1953. In this paper Watson and Crick acknowledged that they had been “stimulated by…. the unpublished results and ideas” of Wilkins and Franklin.
Watson and Crick had been ‘stimulated’ to publish Franklin’s work under their names.
The first Watson-Crick paper appeared in Nature on 25 April 1953. The members of the Cambridge and King’s College laboratories agreed to report their interlocking work in three papers with continuous pagination in Nature.
Rosalind was at Birkbeck so was not part of that agreement.
Following the initial 1953 series of publications on the double helix structure of DNA, Maurice Wilkins continued research as leader of a team that performed a range of experiments to establish the universality of the double helix structure. He became Deputy Director of the MRC Biophysics Unit at King’s in 1955 and succeeded John Randall as Director of the Unit, 1970-72.
Wilkins was elected FRS in 1959 and an EMBO Member in 1964.
In 1960 Wilkins was presented with the American Public Health Association’s Albert Lasker Award, and in 1962 he was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire. Also in 1962 Wilkins shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Watson and Crick for the discovery of the structure of DNA.
On Saturday 20 October 1962 the award of Nobel Prizes to John Kendrew and Max Perutz and to Crick, Watson, and Wilkins was satirised in a short sketch in the BBC TV programme ‘That Was The Week That Was’ with the Nobel Prizes being referred to as ‘The Alfred Nobel Peace Pools.’
From 1969-91, Wilkins was the founding President of the British Society for Social Responsibility in Science.
In 2000, King’s College London opened the Franklin-Wilkins Building in honour of Franklin’s and Wilkins’ work at the college.
The wording on the DNA sculpture (donated by James Watson) outside Clare College’s Thirkill Court, Cambridge, England is
a) on the base:
- i) “These strands unravel during cell reproduction. Genes are encoded in the sequence of bases.”
- ii) “The double helix model was supported by the work of Rosalind Franklin and Maurice Wilkins.”
b) on the helices:
- i) “The structure of DNA was discovered in 1953 by Francis Crick and James Watson while Watson lived here at Clare.”
- ii) “The molecule of DNA has two helical strands that are linked by base pairs Adenine – Thymine or Guanine – Cytosine.”
Launched in 2002 as the Centre for Molecular Biodiscovery at the University of Aukland, in 2006 it was renamed the Maurice Wilkins Centre.
Wilkins was married twice. His first wife, Ruth, was an art student whom he met whilst he was at Berkeley. Their marriage ended in divorce and Ruth bore her son by Wilkins after their divorce. Wilkins married his second wife Patricia Ann Chidgey in 1959. They had four children, Sarah, George, Emily and William. His widow Patricia and the children from their marriage survived him.
In the years before World War II, Wilkins was an active anti-war activist, joining the Cambridge Scientists Anti-War Group. He joined the Communist Party and remained until the invasion of Poland by the Soviet Army in September 1939. Formerly classified UK security service papers reveal that Wilkins came under suspicion of leaking atomic secrets. The files, released in August 2010, indicate surveillance of Wilkins ended by 1953. “After the war I wondered what I would do, as I was very disgusted with the dropping of two bombs on civilian centres in Japan,” he told Britain’s Encounter radio program in 1999.
Everyone was Shocked and Disgusted although they had been colleagues of and had built their own careers as a result of toadying to the people who had designed and dropped that bomb.
Maurice Wilkins died on 5 Oct 2004. I was halfway through my PhD at Bangor and Asa Briggs had declared War on Merfyn. This matters: Asa Briggs was one of the cohort of security services officers who were of the network who had shafted Rosalind Franklin. They had a great deal to conceal, not just rampant academic fraud and plagiarism at Nobel Prize level, but all that collusion with Naughtiness in High Places that was worthwhile killing witnesses over during the last few decades, much of which led to the doorsteps of Bertrand Russell, Patrick Blackett, Eric Hobsbawm et al whom Merfyn had known since he was a boy. Many of them were dead by 2004 but Dafydd wasn’t and of course their children and the ‘professionals’ who had been trained and mentored by them weren’t. Neither were the politicians who concealed so much… Or the High Court judges… Or Eric Sunderland and Peter Swinnerton-Dyer… It just went on and on.
Wilkins died just months after yet another attempt by the Gang to fit me up and imprison me, this time for ‘threatening to kill’, imploded. No questions were asked about the perjury of eight NHS staff and a police officer. Or the corrupt judge Huw Daniel breaking the law in Court and feeding misleading info about me to the local press who obligingly published references to my ‘harassment’ of the family of a corrupt NHS manager…
Just before I starred in the local papers in north Wales, someone in Somerset who knew what had happened to me at the hands of the Gang and had previously found himself in possession of a great deal of money and his company being cultivated by the offspring of Tory grandees and someone who’d been at Oxford with David Cameron (see previous posts), was acquitted of manslaughter at Bristol Crown Court after the Nice Lady Judge Heather Hallett directed the jury to do so. That his actions had led to the death of a young man was not in dispute. It’s just that Heather stopped the trial. See previous posts.
When Rosalind Franklin was being stuffed over by the security services, one of the senior officers was Richard Crossman who’s priority was Westminster Swinging rather than research fraud, but Crossman was determined that nothing at all would get in the way of the Swinging. Certainly not scientists who could do their jobs better than Patrick Blackett’s Swinging friends.
So John Bernal, Chair of the Physics Dept at Birkbeck, offered to host Rosalind Franklin and a separate research team working for her. The circumstances under which Rosalind joined Birkbeck from King’s College as well as a few other matters are worth highlighting.
In February 1953, James Watson and Francis Crick of the Cavendish Laboratory at Cambridge University had started to build a model of DNA using data similar to that available to the teams at King’s. Much of their data was derived directly from research done at King’s by Maurice Wilkins and Franklin. Franklin’s research was completed by February 1953 and her data was critical.Franklin was opposed to prematurely building theoretical models, until sufficient data were obtained to properly guide the model building. She took the view that building a model was to be undertaken only after enough of the structure was known. Franklin wanted to eliminate misleading possibilities.
In the middle of February 1953, Francis Crick’s thesis advisor, Max Perutz, gave Crick a copy of a report written for a MRC biophysics committee visit to King’s in December 1952, containing many of Franklin’s crystallographic calculations. Since Franklin had decided to transfer to Birkbeck College and Randall had insisted that all DNA work must stay at King’s, Wilkins was given copies of Franklin’s diffraction photographs by Gosling. By 28 February 1953, Watson and Crick felt they had solved the problem enough for Crick to proclaim (in the local pub) that they had “found the secret of life”. However, they knew they must complete their model before they could be certain. Watson and Crick finished building their model on 7 March 1953, one day before they received a letter from Wilkins stating that Franklin was finally leaving and they could put “all hands to the pump”. This was also one day after Franklin’s two ‘A-DNA’ papers had reached Acta Crystallographica.
Wilkins came to see the model the following week, according to Franklin’s biographer Brenda Maddox
Franklin’s original 17 March ‘B-DNA’ manuscript does not reflect any knowledge of the Cambridge model. Franklin did modify this draft later before publishing it as the third in a trio of 25 April 1953 ‘Nature’ articles. On 18 March 1953, in response to receiving a copy of their preliminary manuscript, Wilkins penned the following: “I think you’re a couple of old rogues, but you may well have something”.
Crick and Watson then published their model in Nature on 25 April 1953 in an article describing the double-helical structure of DNA with only a footnote acknowledging “having been stimulated by a general knowledge of” Franklin and Wilkins’ “unpublished” contribution. Although it was the bare minimum, Crick and Watson had just enough specific knowledge of Franklin and Gosling’s data upon which to base their model. As a result of a deal struck by the two laboratory directors – John Randall and John Bernal – articles by Wilkins and Franklin, which included their X-ray diffraction data, were modified and then published second and third in the same issue of Nature, seemingly only in support of the Crick and Watson theoretical paper which proposed a model for the B form of DNA.
Weeks later, on 10 April, Franklin wrote to Crick for permission to see their model. Franklin retained her scepticism for premature model building even after seeing the Watson–Crick model and remained unimpressed. As an experimental scientist, Franklin seems to have been interested in producing far greater evidence before publishing-as-proven a proposed model. Most of the scientific community hesitated several years before accepting the double helix proposal. At first mainly geneticists embraced the model because of its obvious genetic implications.
Franklin had left King’s College London in mid-March 1953 for Birkbeck, in a move that had been planned for some time and that she described (in a letter to Adrienne Weill in Paris) as “moving from a palace to the slums … but pleasanter all the same.” after being recruited by John Bernal. Her new laboratories were housed in 21 Torrington Square, one of a pair of dilapidated and cramped Georgian houses containing several different departments. Franklin frequently took Bernal to task over the careless attitudes of some of the other laboratory staff, notably after workers in the pharmacy department flooded her first-floor laboratory with water on one occasion.
Despite Bernal telling Franklin to stop her interest in nucleic acids, Franklin helped Gosling to finish his thesis, although she was no longer his official supervisor. Together they published the first evidence of double helix in the A form of DNA in the 25 July issue of Nature. At the end of 1954, Bernal secured funding for Franklin from the Agricultural Research Council (ARC), which enabled her to work as a senior scientist supervising her own research group. John Finch, a physics student from King’s College, London, subsequently joined Franklin’s group, followed by Kenneth Holmes, a Cambridge graduate, in July 1955. Despite the ARC funding, Franklin wrote to Bernal that the existing facilities remained highly unsuited for conducting research “…my desk and lab are on the fourth floor, my X-ray tube in the basement, and I am responsible for the work of four people distributed over the basement, first and second floors on two different staircases.”
Franklin continued to explore RNA. Her meeting with Aaron Klug in early 1954 led to a longstanding and successful collaboration. Klug had just gained his PhD from Trinity College, Cambridge and joined Birkbeck in late 1953. Klug worked on spherical viruses with his student John Finch, with Franklin coordinating and overseeing the work.
Franklin also had a research assistant James Watt, subsidised by the National Coal Board and was now the leader of the ARC group at Birkbeck. The Birkbeck team members continued working on RNA viruses. In 1955 the team was joined by an American post-doctoral student Donald Caspar. In 1956 he and Franklin published individual but complementary papers in the 10 March 1956 issue of Nature. Caspar was not an enthusiastic writer and it was actually Franklin who wrote the entire paper published under Caspar’s name.
In 1957 Franklin’s research grant from the ARC expired and she was given a one-year extension ending in March 1958. She applied for a new grant from the US Public Health Service of the National Institutes of Health, which approved £10,000 for three years, the largest fund ever received at Birkbeck. In her grant application, Franklin mentioned her new interest in animal virus research. The previous year, Franklin had visited the University of California, Berkeley, where colleagues had suggested her group research the polio virus. She obtained Bernal’s consent in July 1957, though serious concerns were raised after she disclosed her intentions to research live, instead of killed, polio virus at Birkbeck. Eventually, Bernal arranged for the virus to be stored at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine during the group’s research. With her group, Franklin then commenced deciphering the structure of the polio virus while it was in a crystalline state. She attempted to mount the virus crystals in capillary tubes for X-ray studies, but was forced to end her work due to her rapidly failing health.
Expo 58, the first major international fair after World War II, was to be held in Brussels in 1958. Franklin was invited to make a five-foot high model of TMV (tobacco mosaic virus) which she started in 1957. The Brussels world’s fair, with an exhibit of her virus model at the International Science Pavilion, opened on 17 April, one day after she died.
After Franklin’s death, Aaron Klug succeeded her as group leader, and he, Finch and Holmes continued researching the structure of the polio virus. They eventually succeeded in obtaining extremely detailed X-ray images of the virus. In June 1959, Klug and Finch published the group’s findings. The team moved to the Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge in 1962 and the old Torrington Square laboratories were demolished four years later, in May 1966.
Maurice Wilkins shared the 1962 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with James Watson and Francis Crick of the Cavendish Lab at the University of Cambridge for the determination of the structure of DNA.
The three people who did not determine the structure of DNA:
The Lab where the structure of DNA was not determined:
Donald Caspar, the man who published a paper entirely written by Rosalind Franklin under his own name, didn’t win a Nobel Prize but he’s done pretty well for himself.
Donald L. D. Caspar
|Born||January 8, 1927|
|Other names||Don Caspar|
|Alma mater||Cornell University (BA)
Yale University (PhD)
|Awards||Fellow of the Biophysical Society Award|
|Institutions||California Institute of Technology
Florida State University
Birkbeck, University of London
King’s College London
|Thesis||The Radial Structure of Tobacco Mosaic Virus (1955)|
|Doctoral advisor||Ernest C. Pollard|
|Other academic advisors||Max Delbrück
|Website||Florida State University page|
Donald L. D. Caspar is still alive. He is a structural biologist, the very term he coined. Caspar is an Emeritus Professor of Biological Science at the Institute of Molecular Biophysics, Florida State University and an Emeritus Professor of Biology at the Rosenstiel Basic Medical Sciences Research Center, Brandeis University. Donald’s wiki entry makes much of the fact that he was one of Rosalind Franklin’s closest friends during her time at Birkbeck before her death. Donald only began working with Rosalind at Birkbeck some three years before her death, so they didn’t have that much time to hate each other. Furthermore Rosalind was busy writing Donald’s paper for him as well as supervising Raymond Gosling’s PhD and doing her own work; she had her hands full and then began dying of ovarian cancer, so she won’t have been spending hours with Donald in the pub getting rat arsed.
Here’s Donald In His Office with some Structural Biological Models. I wonder who made them?
Anyone like to speculate why so many of those at Cambridge, King’s College London and Birkbeck during the 1950s who had knowledge of this disgraceful shafting of a colleague and the theft of her work became World Famous Great Intellectuals after her death?
Just for the record, one of Rosalind Franklin’s mates tried a bit of matchmaking; they tried to set her up with Uncle Harry’s brother-in-law, suggesting that she and Ralph could enjoy a nice cup of coffee together. She wasn’t interested. Very wise.
Rosalind’s PhD student the medical physicist Raymond Gosling briefly remained at King’s College following the completion of his thesis in 1954 before lecturing in physics at Queen’s College, St Andrew’s University and at the University of the West Indies. Gosling returned to the UK in 1967 and became Lecturer and Reader at Guy’s Hospital Medical School and Professor and Emeritus Professor in Physics Applied to Medicine from 1984. Gosling was a colleague of Uncle Harry!
This post is very long and therefore I am going to have to revisit some of the players in a future post, but I really do need to provide at least an outline of Max Perutz and of course Crick and Watson here.
During the early 1950s, while Watson and Crick were determining the structure of DNA they made use of unpublished X-ray diffraction images taken by Rosalind Franklin shown at meetings and shared with them by Maurice Wilkins and of Franklin’s preliminary account of her detailed analysis of the X-ray images included in an unpublished 1952 progress report for the King’s College laboratory of Sir John Randall. Randall and others eventually criticised the manner in which Perutz gave a copy of this report to Watson and Crick.
It is debatable whether Watson and Crick should have been granted access to Franklin’s results without her knowledge or permission, and before she had a chance to publish a detailed analysis of the content of her unpublished progress report. It is also not clear how important the content of that report had been for Watson and Crick’s modelling. In an effort to clarify this issue, Perutz later published the report, arguing that it included nothing that Franklin had not said in a talk she gave in late 1951, which Watson had attended. Perutz also added that the report was addressed to an MRC committee created to “establish contact between the different groups of people working for the Council”. Randall’s and Perutz’s labs were both funded by the MRC.
Perutz in 1962
Max Ferdinand Perutz
19 May 1914
|Died||6 February 2002 (aged 87)
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England
|Known for||Heme-containing proteins|
|Spouse(s)||Gisela Clara Peiser (m. 1942; 2 children)|
|Institutions||University of Cambridge
Laboratory of Molecular Biology
|Doctoral advisor||John Desmond Bernal|
In 1980 Max was invited to deliver the Royal Institution Christmas Lecture on The Chicken, the Egg and the Molecules.
Books by Max include:
1962. Proteins and Nucleic Acids: Structure and Function. Amsterdam and London. Elsevier
Max seems to have fallen into a deep slumber after that only to wake up in the late 1980s when the Gang were sending up distress flares:
1989. Is Science Necessary? Essays on science and scientists. London. Barrie and Jenkins.
1990. Mechanisms of Cooperativity and Allosteric Regulation in Proteins. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press
- 1992. Protein Structure : New Approaches to Disease and Therapy. New York. Freeman
- 1997. Science is Not a Quiet Life : Unravelling the Atomic Mechanism of Haemoglobin. Singapore. World Scientific.
- 2002. I Wish I’d Made You Angry Earlier. Cold Spring Harbor, New York. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.
- I wish that someone had told me that everyone was worried that if Brown and I investigated and exposed Dafydd and Gwynne we’d find a load of child molesters and fraudulent Nobel Prize winners underpinning them…
- 2009. What a Time I Am Having: Selected Letters of Max Perutz edited by Vivien Perutz. Cold Spring Harbor, New York. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.
- In 1942, Perutz married Gisela Clara Mathilde Peiser (1915–2005), a medical photographer. They had two children, Vivien (b. 1944), an art historian; and Robin (b. 1949), Professor of Inorganic Chemistry and former Head of Dept at York University. Gisela was a refugee from Germany (she was a Protestant whose own father had been born Jewish). Max was cremated on 12 February 2002 at Cambridge Crematorium and his ashes were in turd with his parents Hugo Perutz and Dely Perutz in the Parish of the Ascension Burial Ground in Cambridge. Gisela was cremated on 28 December 2005 and her ashes were in turd in the same grave.
Robin Perutz passed through Cambridge and Newcastle-upon-Tyne Universities on his way to York. His webpage tells us that
As well as:
I have become very active in promoting women in science and served as a member of the Athena SWAN steering group from 2006-11, and on the panel for the Royal Society Rosalind Franklin award from 2012-14. This work for women in science arose from my role in improving the department’s support for women in science which contributed to its Athena SWAN Gold award, renewed in 2015. I am currently a member of the Royal Society’s Diversity Committee. I am also active in support for disabledstudents in STEM subjects and served for several years on the national STEMM-Disability Committee.
Oh the irony.
Max Ferdinand Perutz died in 6 February 2002. The Gang were in the midst of another Cunning Plan, this time to get me out of teaching, involving I am told an alumnus of Trinity College, Cambridge…
Francis Harry Compton Crick
8 June 1916
|Died||28 July 2004 (aged 88)|
|Thesis||Polypeptides and proteins: X-ray studies (1954)|
|Doctoral advisor||Max Perutz|
Francis Harry Compton Crick died on 28 July 2004, three months before Maurice Wilkins. It was in July 2004 that I appeared in the press denounced as an harasser of people whom I had never met or communicated with after the Gang’s attempt to have me imprisoned backfired. The Philanderer was denounced on the BBC a few months prior to that.
James Watson, like Dafydd, is still on this earth.
James Dewey Watson
April 6, 1928
Chicago, United States
Elizabeth Watson (née Lewis) (m. 1968)
|Thesis||The Biological Properties of X-Ray Inactivated Bacteriophage (1951)|
|Doctoral advisor||Salvador Luria|
|Other notable students|
If Prof Watson wishes to leave a comment of explanation on this blog or would like to forward my Porn Royalties, I’d be delighted to hear from him.
Just to demonstrate that Gwynne and Dafydd’s atom bomb dropping mates have a sense of humour that equalled Dafydd’s address to the Welsh Baptist Union when he explained that learning Bible verses in Welsh as a child can prevent a serious moral collapse in later life (see post ‘A Serious Moral Collapse’) or Dafydd’s comment in a media interview that ‘my children say their prayers before they go to bed and I’m rather proud of that’ (‘Pride’s a sin’ observed F when Dafydd came out with this load of tosh), here are a few Interesting Facts about Ernest Walton, who shared the Nobel Prize with Dafydd’s mate Sir John Cockcroft, without whom Dafydd would have been forever the pleb from Bethesda who was kicked off a chemistry degree.
Ernest Thomas Sinton Walton (6 October 1903-25 June 1995) was an Irish physicist and Nobel laureate for his work with John Cockcroft with ‘atom smashing’ experiments done at Cambridge University in the early 1930s.
Walton and John Cockcroft were recipients of the 1951 Nobel Prize in Physics for their “work on the transmutation of the atomic nuclei by artificially accelerated atomic particles” (popularly known as splitting the atom). They are credited with being the first to disintegrate the lithium nucleus by bombardment with accelerated protons (or hydrogen nuclei) and identifying helium nuclei in the products in 1930.
Dafydd took up his place at Liverpool Medical School in 1952.
|Born||6 October 1903|
|Died||25 June 1995 (aged 91)
Belfast, Northern Ireland
|Nationality||British (Irish/Northern Irish)|
|Alma mater||Trinity College Dublin
Trinity College, Cambridge
|Known for||The first disintegration of an atomic nucleus by artificially accelerated protons (“splitting the atom“)|
|Awards||Hughes Medal (1938)
Nobel Prize in Physics (1951)
|Institutions||Trinity College Dublin
University of Cambridge
Methodist College Belfast
Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies
|Doctoral advisor||Ernest Rutherford|
Ernest Walton died on 25 June 1995. David Hunt returned to serve as Secretary of State for Wales on 26 June 1995 to resolve a few local difficulties. Hunt stepped down from the role on 5 July 1995, handing over to The Hague…
Ernest Walton was born to a Methodist Minister father, the Rev John Walton (1874–1936). Ernest attended Wesley College, Dublin before becoming a boarder at the Methodist College, Belfast.
Although Ernest retired from Trinity College Dublin in 1974, he retained his association with the Physics Department at Trinity up to his final illness. Ernest was a familiar face in the tea-room. Shortly before his death he marked his lifelong devotion to Trinity by presenting his Nobel medal and citation to the college. Ernest Walton died in Belfast on 25 June 1995, aged 91. He is buried in Dublin.
I wonder if Ernest’s presence in the Trinity College Dublin tea room explained the otherwise inexplicable decision of Fergus Lowe, a psychology graduate of Trinity College Dublin to head for the Dept of Psychology at UCNW in the early 1970s to do his PhD? Fungus was once described to me as a ‘little Irish chancer’ and why anyone from Dublin would have bothered to go all the way to Bangor to do a PhD in a derelict house with five dotty members of staff, all of whom had close links to a gang of paedophiles and were taking orders from Dafydd and Gwynne, I do not know. In later life Fungus told gullible people that when he graduated he was torn between becoming a film director or a psychologist and chose the latter path because he could do so much more good in the world thus. People who are dim enough to believe in Nudge Theory might have swallowed this but no-one else did.
Ernest Walton married Freda Wilson (1903–1983), daughter of an Irish Methodist Minister. They had five children, Dr Alan Walton (lecturer in physics, Magdalene College, Cambridge), Mrs Marian Woods, Professor Philip Walton, Professor of Applied Physics, NUI Galway, Jean Clarke and Winifred Walton. Ernest was a long serving member of the Board of Governors of Wesley College, Dublin.
Ernest Walton has been described as someone who was strongly committed to the Christian faith. He gave lectures about the relationship of science and religion in several countries after he won the Nobel Prize and he encouraged the progress of science as a way to know more about God.
Honours for Ernest Walton include the Walton Building at Methodist College, Belfast, the school where he had been a boarder for five years and a memorial plaque outside the main entrance to Methodist College. Also, there is the Walton Prize for Physics at Wesley College, where he attended and for many years served as Chairman of the Board of Governors and a prize with the same name at Methodist College, which is awarded to the pupil who obtains the highest marks in A Level Physics.
I can only presume that Ernest’s legacy went pear shaped because he didn’t learn those Bible verses in WELSH…
Now fuck off the lot of you and don’t ever try and pull a stunt like this again. NEITHER HAVE I FINISHED YET, there are more posts to come…
In the early 1930s John Bernal had been arguing for peace, but the Spanish Civil War changed that. With the outbreak of World War II in 1939, Bernal joined the, Ministry of Home Security where he brought in Solly Zuckerman to carry out the first proper analyses of the effects of enemy bombing and of explosions on animals and people. Their subsequent analysis of the effects of bombs on Birmingham and Hull showed that city bombing produced little disruption and production was only affected by direct hits on factories. A supper of scientists in Soho generated a multi-author book Science in War produced by Allen Lane, one of the guests, arguing that science should be applied in every part of the war effort.
From 1942, Bernal and Zuckerman served as scientific advisers to Louis Mountbatten, the Chief of Combined Operations. The Mountbatten who has been the subject of allegations that he was involved with organised abuse, including at the Kincora Boys’ Home and that was the real reason why he was assassinated, rather than him representing the best of British. Whether that is true or not, Mountbatten seems to have done something that many people, a la Gwynne, were able to build their careers upon in return for keeping quiet about it and putting other people who might not keep quiet about it out of action. See post ‘The Defence Of The Realm’.
John Bernal was able to argue on both sides of Project Habbakuk, Pyke’s proposal to build huge aircraft landing platforms in the North Atlantic made of ice. Bernal rescued Max Perutz from internment, getting him to perform experiments related to Habbakuk. [This project indirectly marked Bernal’s divergence from Zuckerman, when he was recalled from a joint tour of the Middle East investigating the cooperation of army and air force, although the tour established Zuckerman’s reputation as a military scientist.]
Zuckerman – R Waterhouse See previous posts – suing re robin days son – marmosets
After the disaster of the Dieppe raid, Bernal was determined that these mistakes not be repeated in Operation Overlord. He demonstrated the advantages of an artificial harbour to the participants of the Quebec Conference in 1943, as the only British scientist present.
At Bernal’s memorial service, Zuckerman downplayed Bernal’s part in the Normandy landings, saying he was not cleared for the highest levels of security. Given Bernal’s Marxist and pro-Soviet sympathies it is remarkable that there has never been any suggestion that he fed any information in that direction.
After assisting in the preparations for D-Day with work on the structure of the proposed landing sites and the bocage countryside beyond, Bernal landed, according to C.P. Snow, at Normandy on the afternoon of D-Day+1 in the uniform of an Instructor-Lieutenant RN o record the effectiveness of the plans.
Bernal became a socialist in Cambridge as well as an atheist. Bernal, like Eric Hobsbawm, was accused of a lifelong ‘blind allegiance’ to the Soviet Union. He joined the Communist Party of Great Britain in 1923.His membership evidently lapsed when he returned to Cambridge in 1927 and was not renewed until 1933.
Bernal became a prominent intellectual in political life, particularly in the 1930s. He attended the famous 1931 meeting on the history of science, where he met the Soviets Nikolai Bukharin, and Boris Hessen who gave an influential Marxist account of the work of Isaac Newton. This meeting fundamentally changed Bernal’s world-view and he maintained sympathy for the Soviet Union and Stalin.
After World War II, although Bernal had been involved in evaluating the effects of atomic attacks against the Soviet Union, he supported the World Congress of Intellectuals for Peace organised in Poland in 1948. Afterwards, he wrote a letter to the ‘New Statesman’ warning that the US was preparing “a war for complete world domination”. Consequently, when Bernal was invited to a world peace conference in New York in February 1949, his visa was refused. He was allowed into France in April for the World Congress of the Partisans of Peace, with Frédéric Joliot-Curie as President and Bernal as Vice-President. The following year the organisation changed its name to the World Peace Council.
On 20 September 1949, after Bernal’s return from giving a speech strongly critical of western countries at a peace conference in Moscow, the Evening Star newspaper of Ipswich published an interview with Bernal in which he endorsed Soviet agriculture, the “proletarian science” of Trofim Lysenko. The Lysenko affair had erupted in August 1948 when Stalin authorised Lysenko’s theory of plant genetics as official Soviet orthodoxy and refused any deviation. Bernal and the whole British scientific left were damaged by his support for Lysenko’s theory, even after many scientists abandoned their sympathy for the Soviet Union.
In November 1949, the British Association for the Advancement of Science removed Bernal from membership of its Council. Membership in UK radical science groups quickly declined. Unlike some of his socialist colleagues, Bernal persisted in defending the Soviet position on Lysenko. He publicly refused to accept the gaping fissures that the dispute revealed between the study of natural science and dialectical materialism.
In November 1950, Pablo Picasso, a fellow Communist, en route to a Soviet-sponsored World Peace Congress in Sheffield, created a mural in Bernal’s flat at the top of No. 22 Torrington Square. In 2007 this became part of the Wellcome Trust’s collection for £250,000.
Throughout the 1950s, Bernal maintained a faith in the Soviet Union as a vehicle for the creation of a socialist scientific utopia. In 1953 Bernal was awarded the Stalin Peace Prize. From 1959 to 1965 Bernal was President of the World Peace Council.
Bernal was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1937.
Bernal had two children (Mike, 1926–2016 and Egan, b.1930) with his wife Agnes Eileen Sprague (referred to as Eileen), who was a secretary. He married Sprague on 21 June 1922. Bernal was 21, Sprague 23. Sprague was described as an active socialist and their marriage was ‘open’ which they both lived up to ‘with great gusto’. That wasn’t the problem, it was their contribution to the massive collective effort to ensure that Gwynne and his mates who were facilitating organised abuse while meeting every one who dared challenge them with
that was the problem.
In the early 1930s Bernal had a ‘brief intimate relationship’ (a shag??) with chemist Dorothy Hodgkin, his PhD student. Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin (12 May 1910-29 July 1994) developed protein crystallography for which she won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1964. Among Hodgkin’s most influential discoveries are the confirmation of the structure of penicillin as previously surmised by Edward Abraham and Ernst Boris Chain, and the structure of vitamin B12, for which Hodgkin became the third woman to win the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
CHAIN HERE – Univ of Bucks connection
Dorothy Mary Crowfoot was born in Cairo; Eric Hobsbawm was born in Alexandria seven years later. Dorothy’s father was John Winter Crowfoot (1873–1959), who, when she was born, was working for the Ministry of Education in Egypt. Her mother was Grace Mary Crowfoot (née Hood) (1877–1957), known as Molly. The family lived in Cairo during the winter months, returning to England each year to avoid the hotter part of the season in Egypt.
When WW I broke out, Molly left Dorothy, aged four, and her two younger sisters Joan and Elisabeth, two and 7 months, respectively, with their Crowfoot grandparents near Worthing and returned to her husband in Egypt. Soon Molly and John moved south to Sudan where John was in charge of education and archaeology until 1926. Molly lost all her four brothers in WW I and became an ardent supporter of the new League of Nations.
John Winter Crowfoot was the only son of clergyman John Henchman Crowfoot (1841-1927) and his wife Mary. A Fellow of Jesus College, Oxford and later the Chancellor of Lincoln Cathedral, John Henchman Crowfoot lived with his wife Mary in Lincoln for most of their married life, retiring to Worthing.
Jesus College educated J.E. Daniel, the father of the corrupt judge Huw Daniel, as well as Huw himself. J.E. Daniel was a theologian, Schools Inspector and a member of the Gang in a previous generation. See eg. ‘Tan yn Llyn’. J.E. Daniel might just have been of the right age to have been associated with Jesus College while John Henchman Crowfoot was still alive.
Previous posts have discussed the non-stop molesting clergyman at Bawdrip near Bridgwater, J.F. Rigg. Rigg arrived in Bawdrip in the late 1960s/early 70s from a parish near Lincoln. When a delegation of concerned parishioners finally went to see the Bishop of Bath and Wells about Rigg’s excesses, they found out that Rigg had done it all before in Lincoln, which was why he was moved to Bawdrip. Rigg wasn’t only protected by the C of E, his family weren’t clergy, they were lawyers and judges… The media reported the other day that clerical abuse in Lincoln during the 1970s was concealed by the Church. Rigg was in action in Lincoln long before the 1970s.
By tradition, the Crowfoots were a family of Top Docs. Between 1783 and 1907 they provided five generations of surgeons and doctors to the market town of Beccles, Suffolk. John’s uncles William Miller Crowfoot (1837-1918) and Edward Bowles Crowfoot (1845-1897) were doctors in Beccles, as was his cousin William Bayly Crowfoot (1878-1907). In 1921 John and his wife Molly leased a house at Geldeston, near Beccles, which became the family home for the next 60 years.
Previous posts have discussed the ring in Suffolk. See eg. ‘The Vermin Club’. Among other people, Rab Butler helped conceal it. John Allen was based in Suffolk before he arrived in north Wales in the late 1960s and opened Bryn Alyn.
John Crowfoot was educated at the Fauconberge School, before entering Marlborough College and then Brasenose College. After Oxford, Crowfoot studied 1896-97 at the British School at Athens. John accepted an appointment in 1899 as Lecturer in Classics at Birmingham University.
In 1901 John went to Egypt, to take up a post as Assistant Master at a school founded in Cairo by the late Tewfik Pasha. Between 1903 and 1908 John served as Assistant Director of Education and Acting Conservator of Antiquities for the Gov’t of Sudan, before being appointed in 1908 as Inspector at the Ministry of Education in Cairo.
In 1916, on the recommendation of Lord Kitchener, Crowfoot returned to the Sudan as the Director of Education and Principal of Gordon College, Khartoum (now Khartoum University). He was now accompanied by his wife Molly. John Crowfoot served, at the same time, as Director of the Department of Antiquities of the Sudan.
In 1919, Crowfoot was made a CBE for wartime services in the Sudan, which included monitoring shipping in the Red Sea.
Gov’t attitudes towards the provision of educational opportunities to the Sudanese hardened over time, particularly after political disturbances in 1924. Crowfoot, “who despite a lack of forcefulness was an educational administrator of long experience”, decided to claim the pension to which he was already entitled and resigned in 1926.
That same year, still in his early 50s, John Crowfoot succeeded John Garstang as Director of the British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem. This enabled him and his wife Molly to engage in archaeology full-time. He retained the Directorship until his retirement in 1935.
Between 1928 and 1930 John Crowfoot directed the BSAJ-Yale University excavation of more than a dozen 5th- and 6th-century Christian churches at Jerash (Gerasa) in Trans-Jordan.
From 1931 to 1935 John Crowfoot directed the Joint Expedition of the BSAJ, PEF (Palestine Exploration Fund), Harvard University and the Hebrew University at Samaria-Sebaste. Three large volumes of the findings from this site were published between 1938 and 1957. In the words of the Palestine Exploration Fund, “Crowfoot’s work in this period was of the greatest importance for Levantine archaeology, with major contributions to the understanding of the Iron Age ceramic sequence, the eastern terra sigillata, and pioneering work on early churches”. From 1945 to 1950 John Crowfoot was Chairman of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
Dame Kathleen Kenyon, a relative of Lord Kenyon, was the leading archaeologist of the Middle East during the middle decades of the 20th century. Kathleen was a Somerville College graduate and incredibly well-networked with the biggest names in archaeology, museums and antiquities. In retirement she moved to north Wales, near Wrexham, where she died on 24 Aug 1978. Kathleen was the Principal of St Hughe’s College, Oxford, 1962-73. See previous posts for full details of Dame Kathleen and her friends and colleagues…
John Crowfoot’s wife ‘Molly’ was a botanist and draughtswoman who became a distinguished scholar in her own right, an authority on archaeological textiles.
Molly Crowfoot trained a generation of textile archaeologists in Britain, among them Audrey Henshall and her own daughter Elisabeth and developed close contacts with textile archaeologists in Scandinavia such as Margrethe Hald, Marta Hoffman and Agnes Geijer.
In 1908, Molly trained to become a professional midwife at Clapham Maternity Hospital, London. The ‘contacts made then proved invaluable later when she was living in the Sudan’ and no doubt when two generations later Molly’s descendants and their network of Important People were called up to Help Gwynne in the face of terrible allegations made by me…
Molly Crowfoot immersed herself in the world of Sudanese Wimmin when her husband showed the Darkies the way. Molly Learnt Their Weaving Traditions as a way of getting to know Sudanese Wimmin and understand their lives. Through these contacts she also learned, with horror, of the local tradition of FGM which in Sudan took the most severe form, infibulation.
It was Molly To The Rescue! She ‘considered how an outsider, someone related to the Colonial Gov’t, might best intervene’. [Molly: However horrified you were by FGM, John’s part in the Colonial Gov’t, having been ordered into action by Lord Kitchener because the Darkies were getting above themselves, should have told you that you were probably going to be onto a loser here.]
The result was the Molly’s Midwives’ Training School. It was set up in the early 1920s to train local midwives, improve conditions of childbirth and, at the same time, begin to tackle the practise of FGM.
Well that went well didn’t it Molly.
To head the Midwives Training School, Molly summoned two fellow pupils from her Clapham days, the midwife sisters “Bee” and “Gee” (Beatrice and Mabel) Wolff. Clapham was on the territory of the south London ring facilitated by St George’s/Springfield Hospitals.
Following the birth of their fourth daughter Diana and the end of WW I Molly and her husband John returned for some months to England, where they were re-united with their three older girls and took a lease on a house in Geldeston, Norfolk. It was to be the family home for the next 60 years. Soon they returned to the Sudan – hanging onto the place in Suffolk – overcome by the need to tell the Darkies how to do things again.
When John Crowfoot was offered the Directorship of the British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem in 1926 and he ran the major excavations in the Middle East, Molly was in charge of living and feeding arrangements on site for large, mixed groups containing archaeologists from the UK, Palestine and US universities. Molly and John ‘were admired for their diplomatic and organisational skills in the smooth running of these collaborative ventures’. Molly ‘took a keen interest in the finds and was among the authors and editors of the final three large volumes on Samaria-Sebaste’.
While living in Jerusalem Molly Crowfoot gathered folk-tales with her friend Louise Baldensperger, whose missionary parents had settled in the country in 1848. Together they produced From Cedar to Hyssop: A study in the folklore of plants in Palestine (1932), an early work of ethno-botany. (Many years later the tales gathered by the two women were translated back into Arabic and re-published.)
Not all missionaries were dreadful, some were very genuine. Sadly Molly’s vast network that included missionaries was put to excellent use all those years later when Gwynne Was At Risk; previous posts eg. ‘There’s Methodism In This Madness’ have discussed some of the missionaries who were of the Gang, during the 1980s, when the paedophiles’ friends sent the distress flares up.
When I was an undergrad at UCNW, there used to be a paeleobotany display in the junior common rooms, comprised of specimens collected by Professor William Lacey, who had retired by the time that I had arrived at Bangor. Professor Lacey was a naturalist who was of a generation that went off exploring Foreign Lands, collecting specimens as he went. Being a paeleobotanist at the time was a fairly exclusive profession, he’ll have known Molly or at least have known of her and others of his vintage probably did as well.
John and Molly Crowfoot returned to England in the mid-1930s, in time to see their two eldest daughters married and the arrival of the first of their 12 grandchildren.
Oh God, 12 of them and they will all have bred, 12 to do the How Very Dare You onto the next generation.
The family home in Geldeston had a great many visitors over the next 20 years. One would be Yigael Yadin, the son of their friend and collaborator on the Samaria-Sebaste excavations, the Jewish archaeologist Eleazer Sukenik.
Yigael Yadin born Yigael Sukenik 20 March 1917-28 June 1984) was an Israeli archaeologist, soldier and politician. He was the second Chief of Staff of the Israel Defence Forces and Deputy PM of Israel, 1977-81.
Molly Crowfoot always took an interest in village activities at Geldeston on their long summer visits in the 1920s and 1930s. In 1925 Molly set up a local branch of the Girl Guides. She remained actively involved in her retirement and, as well as being a regular churchgoer, served as wartime secretary of the new Village Produce Association (see “Digging for Victory”), and post-war Chairwoman of its Labour Party.
In 1949 Molly attended the Commons when questions were raised about the continued prevalence of FGM in Sudan. Molly approached the Colonial Secretary and the veteran Labour MP Leah Manning to inform them of her experience and views on the subject. An outright ban would merely drive the practise underground, she believed, and undo over two decades of careful work by the Midwives’ School to reduce its incidence and harmful effects among Sudanese women.
Today well-meaning Wimmin are still floundering re FGM. Any fully veiled woman with daughters is under suspicion, particularly if they don’t have much money or an education. FGM continued in Harley Street after it became illegal in the UK in 1985. Everyone knew that it was happening, I knew a Top Doc at St George’s who’s friend was doing it. No-one was going to touch Harley Street. Until very recently there had only been one prosecution for FGM in the UK; it was of a Top Doc in the Whittington Hospital. The jury found him not guilty because they did not understand what he had done. Although the Top Doc had done it at the patient’s request, an adult woman with capacity…
There was another successful prosecution for FGM just a few weeks ago. The case sounded dire. The accused had little English, was alleged to be mentally ill and was practising witchcraft no less. The evidence against her sounded as though it had been compiled by Robert Bluglass. Whoever could know if she was guilty or not, no-one involved in the case showed any knowledge or sensitivity, it took me back to the Time Of Satanic Abuse.
Molly did very well out of her efforts at helping the Darkies, but I doubt that they did. Furthermore many of the practices that Molly learned and taught in her capacity as a White Midwife Showing The Natives What To Do are now considered profoundly dangerous.
It’s not that I don’t think that anyone should undertake the sort of work that Molly did, it’s just that these ventures are painted a nice tint of rose and wheeled out to justify the network going to war on someone who has dared dissent. In this case the Old Network was mobilised to protect a lobotomist who ran a paedophile gang.
Molly’s daughter Elisabeth helped her examine and analyse the numerous textile samples sent to the Molly’s house in England from a variety of excavations. As doyenne of the study of ancient Middle-Eastern textiles, Molly was invited in 1949 to examine the linen wrappers of the Dead Sea Scrolls. A vivid preliminary account was published in 1951; a full description and analysis appeared in 1955. If Molly were still alive and kicking, she could have a look at my 10,000 documents with me, forged by the Ancients of Cambria and Whitehall, written on papyrus.
- The unpublished papers of Molly Crowfoot relating to her time in Egypt, Sudan and Palestine, and many of the photos she took then, are held, respectively, in the Sudan Archive at Durham University and the Palestine Exploration Fund archives in London.
- Many of Crowfoot’s drawings of the flora of North Africa and the Middle East were lodged after her death with Kew Gardens. Some of the Palestinian costumes she collected were given to the now defunct Museum of Mankind. Crowfoot’s collection of textiles, spinning and weaving implements is today preserved at the Textile Research Centre in Leiden (Netherlands).
Molly died in 1957 and is buried, with her husband John, next to the tower of the parish church of St Michael and All Saints in Geldeston.
In the years following the end of WW II, John Crowfoot was an active member of the Housing Committee at the Loddon Rural District Council, and took pride in his successful support of the distinctive local council housing designed by the Tayler & Green partnership.
Crowfoot’s four daughters followed their parents and also pursued archaeological interests. Joan Crowfoot Payne (1912-2002) worked for 30 years on Egyptian antiquities at the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford; Elisabeth Crowfoot (1914-2005) succeeded her mother as a textile archaeologist; and Diana (b. 1918), a geographer, married Graham Rowley, the Arctic explorer and archaeologist.
Joan Crowfoot Payne will very probably have known Lord Kenyon who was interested in museums and galleries, serving as a Trustee of a number of such establishments.
Graham Westbrook Rowley (October 31, 1912-December 31, 2003) was born on Manchester and graduated from Cambridge University. From 1936 to 1939, Rowley engaged in an archaeological excavation in the Eastern Canadian Arctic. Because of his work with the Inuit and Dorset peoples, Rowley had a large island and river in the Arctic named after him.
A Fellow of the Royal Canadian Geographical Society, Rowley was awarded the Society’s Massey Medal in 1963 for his geographical work.
As a scientist with the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development in the early 1970s, Rowley created a training program for Northern scientists and developed ground and air support services for scientific groups working in the Arctic.
Graham Rowley was made an honorary member of the American Polar Society in 1985, the year after war was declared after I raised questions about Gwynne the Royal Lobotomist who was sitting in a University run by Sir Charles the Everest Hero and Explorer. Sir Charles was replaced a few months later by Eric Sunderland, a big wig with the Royal Geographical Society. If Graham Rowley had been one of the small potatoes before 1984, he was OK afterwards. American Polar Society here we come, Charles Evans you can kiss my arse…
Graham Rowley died in Ottawa, Canada on December 31, 2003.
John Winter Crowfoot died in 1959.
In 1921 Dorothy entered the Sir John Leman Grammar School in Beccles. Only once, when she was 13, did she make an extended visit to her parents, now settled in Khartoum, where John was Principal of Gordon College (later Khartoum University).
Dorothy’s distant cousin was the chemist Charles Harington (later Sir Charles and he recommended books to her when she was a teenager. She was further encouraged by the chemist A.K. Joseph, a family friend who also worked in Sudan. Dorothy’s Headmaster at The Leman School gave her Latin tuition, enabling her to pass the entrance exam for Oxford University. At the age of 18 Dorothy started studying chemistry at Somerville College, Oxford. She graduated in 1932. Following that, Dorothy undertook her PhD research at Newnham College, Cambridge, supervised by John Bernal. Her PhD was awarded in 1937.
In 1933 Hodgkin had been awarded a research fellowship by Somerville College and in 1934, she moved back to Oxford from Cambridge. The College appointed Hodgin its first fellow and tutor in chemistry in 1936, a post that she held until 1977.
So Dorothy graduated from Somerville in 1932, was offered a research fellowship by Somerville one year later and then one year after that ie. after two years of research for her PhD, Dorothy moved back to Oxford and began researching and teaching there, completing her PhD by 1937. Dorothy was of course having a sexual relationship with Bernal, her PhD supervisor. Bernal was a man exploring Uganda with a great many other people at the same time, who was mates with a lot of other people exploring Uganda as well, some of whom were in High Places while exploring Uganda with children. Bernal’s later treatment of Rosalind Franklin suggests that he was a man who’d do pretty much anything to anyone if it suited him.
Hodgkin is of course famous for being Thatch’s tutor when Thatch was at Somerville in the 1940s. Now here’s a tale of Wimmin To Win. Hodgkin didn’t like Snobby Roberts when Snobby was one of her students and she made some very rude comments about Snobby Roberts. The nicest thing that old Dot ever said about Snobby’s experiments was that they were ‘neat’ and she also refused to invite Snobby over as a favoured student for drinks/chats etc. Dot was on record as saying of Snobby that ‘she didn’t have anything to offer’. Snobby herself ended up with a Second (her mark would have given her a Lower Second, but Oxford didn’t divide its degrees in those days). Snobby did not want to work as a chemist, Snobby had decided while she was at Oxford that she wanted to qualify as a barrister because that was her best route into politics and of course Snobby openly ‘quipped’ about marrying a rich man…
After graduating, Snobby spent a short while working as a food chemist before Living The Dream…
My how things changed! As PM, Thatch hung a portrait of Dorothy Hodgkin in her office at Downing Street ‘out of respect for her former teacher, although Hodgkin was a life-long Labour supporter.’ Hodgkin was also exploring Uganda with members of the Communist Party of Great Britain.
Hodgkin died on 29 July 1994. She lived long enough to do a few deals when the biggest ever How Very Dare You in 1984 after an undergrad and her partner had raised concerns re Gwynne the Royal Lobotomist was swiftly followed by UCNW being salvaged from the dustbin. Hodgkin died weeks after Patient F and I met with the Mental Health Act Commission and told them that Dafydd was sexually exploiting patients and that serious complaints were not being investigated. It was in July 1994 that Dafydd ordered the MDU to collect evidence against me re raising a High Court injunction.
On 9 June 1994, Matt Arnold, the former Head of Bryn Estyn died from that unidentified blood disease. On 13 June 1994 the trial of Matt’s long time friend and colleague Peter Howarth for sexually abusing boys in care in north Wales opened at Chester Crown Court. On 8 July 1994, Howarth was jailed for ten years.
On 21 July 1994 – eight days before Dorothy Hodgkin pegged out – Miranda became Leader of the Labour Party. Once Miranda was Leader, Uncle Harry’s nephew was appointed as an adviser to Gordon Brown, the Shadow Chancellor. Eric Hobsbawm, a pal of Hodgkin’s former bedfellow John Bernal and those others who had shafted Rosalind Franklin, enabling Crick and Watson to become the most famous molecular biologists in history, had a daughter who ran a PR company that was commissioned by the Labour Party…
Snobby Roberts had been in the Lords since 1992. Of course Snobby Roberts had been in politics a long time by then, Snobby had been a junior Minister in Macmillan’s Gov’t when Gwynne and Dafydd had caused havoc and were supplying services to Patrick Blackett’s mates at Cwm Croesor. Snobby went back to those days along with Bill Deedes, Tory politician and Torygraph stalwart. Bill became a close friend of Denis. See post ‘Shurely Shome Mishtake’.
And Death Shall Have No Dominion.
Dorothy Hodgkin: May 1910-29 July 1994
In April 1953, together with Sydney Brenner, Jack Dunitz, Leslie Orgel, and Beryl M. Oughton, Dorothy Hodgkin was one of the first people to travel from Oxford to Cambridge to see the model of the DNA molecule constructed by Crick and Watson. According to the late Dr. Beryl Oughton (married name, Rimmer), they drove to Cambridge in two cars after Hodgkin announced that they were off to see the model of the structure of DNA.
Hodgkin became a Reader at Oxford in 1957 – the year of the Windscale fire, the year that Dafydd qualified as a Top Doc and the year that Gwynne did whatever it was that caused the Gov’t reshuffle – and she was given a fully modern laboratory in 1958. In 1960, Hodgkin was appointed the Royal Society’s Wolfson Research Professor, a position she held until 1970. This provided her salary, research expenses and research assistance to continue her work at Oxford University. Dorothy was a Fellow of Wolfson College, Oxford, 1977-83. John Krebs who discovered a paedophile ring at UCNW became a Fellow of Wolfson College after he left UCNW, having discovered a paedophile ring. On 28 March 2007 John Krebs who discovered a paedophile ring became Baron Krebs and in the same year Lord Krebs accepted the role of Principal of that Welshest of Oxford Colleges, Jesus College, a post he held until 2015.
There was no end to Dorothy’s discoveries. In 1945, working with C.H. (Harry) Carlisle, she published the first such structure of a steroid. In 1945, Hodgkin and her colleagues solved the structure of penicillin, although the work was not published until 1949. Hodgkin’s publication of the ring structure of Vitamin B12 was described by Lawrence Bragg as being as significant “as breaking the sound barrier”. Scientists from Merck had previously crystallised B12, but had published only refractive indices of the substance. The final structure of B12, for which Hodgkin was later awarded the Nobel Prize, was published in 1955. It was another Nobel Prize for the mates of Sir Clough and Bertrand!
Hodgkin’s work with insulin began in 1934 when she was offered a small sample of crystalline insulin by Robert Robinson.
So who is the Cleverest family in Croesor? Or indeed Cambridge or Birkbeck? No it’s not you, you rent the pub from Clough…
When Dorothy first met insulin, X-ray crystallography had not been developed far enough to cope with the complexity of the insulin molecule. She and others spent many years improving the technique. In 1969, 35 years later, the structure of insulin was finally resolved. Not that Dorothy’s work was over. She cooperated with other laboratories active in insulin research, gave advice, and travelled the world giving talks about insulin and its importance for diabetes. Uncle Harry’s speciality!
Hodgkin always referred to her bedfellow and mentor John Bernal as “Sage”. The marriages of both Dorothy and Bernal were unconventional by the standards of the present and of those days.
Older readers might remember Sage the Owl from the 1970s kids’ TV series. Sage has just trashed the place:
In 1934, at the age of 24, Dorothy developed rheumatoid arthritis which would become progressively worse and crippling over time, with deformities in both her hands and feet. In her last years, Hodgkin spent a great deal of time in a wheelchair but remained scientifically active despite her disability.
In 1937, Dorothy Crowfoot married Thomas Lionel Hodgkin. He had not long returned from Palestine where he had resigned from the Colonial Office and was working in adult education. Thomas was an intermittent member of the Communist Party and later wrote several major works on African politics and history, becoming a well-known lecturer at Balliol, Oxford. The couple had three children: Luke (b. 1938), Elizabeth (b. 1941) and Toby (b. 1946).
Dorothy published under a variety of names, using both her single and married name, or a combination of both. There are of course a variety of plaques commemorating places where Dorothy worked or lived.
Dorothy continued the family tradition of telling Foreigners what to do. Between the 1950s and the 1970s Hodgkin established and maintained lasting contacts with scientists in her field abroad – at the Institute of Crystallography in Moscow; in India; and with the Chinese group working in Beijing and Shanghai on the structure of insulin.
Dorothy’s first visit to China was in 1959. Over the next quarter century she travelled there seven more times, the last visit a year before her death. Particularly memorable was the visit in 1971 after the Chinese group themselves independently solved the structure of insulin, later than Hodgkin’s team but to a higher resolution. In other words, the Chinese team got it right. During the subsequent three years, 1972–1975, when Dorothy was President of the International Union of Crystallography she was unable to persuade the Chinese authorities to permit the country’s scientists to become members of the Union and attend its meetings. Well Kruschev ignored Bertrand Russell the cheeky sod.
Dorothy’s relations with an alleged scientist in another “People’s Democracy” had unhappy results. At the age of 73, Hodgkin wrote a foreword to the English edition of Stereospecific Polymerization of Isoprene, published by Cap’n Bob as the work of Elena Ceausescu, wife of Nicolae, Romania’s communist dictator. Hodgkin wrote of the author’s “outstanding achievements” and “impressive” career. Following the overthrow of the Ceausescu during the Romanian Revolution of 1989, it was revealed that Elena Ceausescu had neither finished secondary school nor attended university. Her scientific credentials were a hoax and the publication in question was written for her by a team of scientists to obtain a fraudulent doctorate. But then Dorothy was familiar with such practices.
Ah Bechod, there were orphans neglected in institutions and they’d been infected with HIV! Thank goodness it could never happen in north Wales.
Whoever might this be on a state visit?
Because of Hodgkin’s political activities and her husband’s association with the Communist Party, she was banned from entering the US in 1953 and subsequently not allowed to visit the country except by CIA waiver.
In 1961 Dorothy’s husband Thomas became an advisor to Kwame Nkrumah, President of Ghana, a country he visited for extended periods before Nkrumah’s was ousted in 1966. Hodgkin was in Ghana with her husband when they received the news that she had been awarded the Nobel Prize.
Dorothy acquired from her mother, Molly, a concern about social inequalities.
Dorothy became particularly concerned about the threat of nuclear war. In 1976, she became President of the Pugwash Conference and served longer than any who preceded or succeeded her in this post.
Ah, Captain Pugwash and the memorable Seaman Stains.
Dorothy stepped down in 1988, the year after the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty imposed “a global ban on short-and long-range nuclear weapons systems, as well as an intrusive verification regime”. Dorothy accepted the Lenin Peace Prize from Gorbachov’s Soviet Gov’t in 1987 in recognition of her work for peace and disarmament. 1987 note: Dafydd unlawfully imprisoning me, Ollie Brooke released early on appeal, then the Gang trying to frame me for a serious offence and have me incarcerated in Risley Remand Centre…See previous posts.
Stephen Bagnall, a former kid in care from Wrexham, was killed in the North Wales Hospital for Thatch to be photographed thus. See post ‘Hey, Hey, DAJ, How Many Kids Did You Kill Today?’
Hodgkin decided not to attend the 1987 Congress of the International Union of Crystallography in Australia on grounds of distance. In 1993, however, despite increasing frailty, she astounded close friends and family by her determination to go to Beijing for the next Congress, where she was welcomed by all. The following July Hodgkin died after a stroke at her husband’s home in the village of Ilmington in Warwickshire. Robert Bluglass grew up in Warwickshire, lived there for most of his life and was part of Warwickshire Society. As was Richard Crossman.
The National Portrait Gallery, London, lists 17 portraits of Dorothy Hodgkin. Lord Kenyon who’s son Thomas was sexually abusing at least one boy in the care of the Social Services in north Wales was a Trustee and Chairman of the National Portrait Gallery.
Graham Sutherland made preliminary sketches for a portrait of Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin in 1978. One sketch is in the collection of the Science History Institute and another at the Royal Society in London. The portrait was never finished. A portrait of Dorothy Hodgkin by Bryan Organ was commissioned by private subscription to become part of the collection of the Royal Society. Accepted by the President of the society on 25 March 1982, it was the first portrait of a woman Fellow to be included in the Society’s collection.
As of 2016 Dorothy remained the only British woman scientist to have been awarded a Nobel Prize in any of the three sciences it recognises. In 1965 she was only the second woman and the first in almost 60 years, after Florence Nightingale in 1907, to be appointed to the Order of Merit. She was the first and, as of 2018, remains the only woman to receive the prestigious Copley Medal. Elected FRS in 1947 and EMBO Membership in 1970, Hodgkin was Chancellor of Bristol University, 1970-88. So Dorothy took up the post just after Dr D.G.E. Wood qualified from Bristol and was Chancellor while Sarah, Gordon Brown’s wife and Julia Hobsbawm’s friend, was on the psychology degree at Bristol with Sarah Jenkins, daughter of Sheila Jenkins, a social work member of the Gang. See previous posts.
In 1958, Dorothy was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 1966, she was awarded the Iota Sigma Pi National Honorary Member for her significant contribution. She became a foreign member of the USSR Academy of Sciences in the 1970s. In 1982 Dorothy received the Lomonosov Medal of the Soviet Academy of Sciences. The Communist Gov’t of Bulgaria awarded her its Dimitrov Prize.
An asteroid (5422) discovered on 23 December 1982 by L.G. Karachkina (at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, M.P.C. 22509, in the USSR) was named “Hodgkin” in her honour. In 1983, Hodgkin received the Austrian Decoration for Science and Art.
It’s amazing what can happen when you shag a Commie who is friends with other Geniuses and War Heroes who are molesting children and lobotomising and killing witnesses.
Sage wasn’t the only person in Dorothy’s life who might have given her a hand-up by perhaps using a few very effective connections that will have been unknown to the wider world and reached into the career of Dorothy’s former student duffer when she became PM as well. Here’s a brief resume re Robert Robinson who gave Dorothy her first taste of insulin.
Sir Robert Robinson
|President of the Royal Society|
|Preceded by||Sir Henry Harrett Dale|
|Succeeded by||Edgar Adrian|
|Born||13 September 1886
|Died||8 February 1975 (aged 88)
Great Missenden, Buckinghamshire, England
|Alma mater||University of Manchester|
|Known for||Development of Organic synthesis|
|Spouse(s)||Gertrude Maud Robinson|
|Awards||Davy Medal (1930)
Royal Medal (1932)
Copley Medal (1942)
Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1947)
Franklin Medal (1947)
Albert Medal (1947)
Faraday Lectureship Prize (1947)
|Institutions||University of Sydney
University of Liverpool
British Dyestuffs Corporation
University of Manchester
University College London
University of Oxford
|Doctoral advisor||William Henry Perkin, Jr.|
|Doctoral students||Sir Edward Abraham
Arthur John Birch
William Sage Rapson
Sir Robert Robinson was an organic chemist who won the Nobel Prize in 1947 for his work on anthocyanins and alkaloids and for being So Clever.
Robinson was born at Rufford House Farm, near Chesterfield, Derbyshire. Derbyshire was the site of the ring which by the late 1960s was exchanging staff with Gwynne and Dafydd’s Gang, although the links went back much further, including re the police forces of north Wales and Derbyshire. See eg.’That’s Entertainment’.
Robinson went to Chesterfield Grammar School and to the private Fulneck School. Robinson then studied Chemistry at Manchester University and after graduating was awarded an 1851 Research Fellowship to continue his research at the University of Manchester.
Robert Robinson was appointed as the first Professor of Pure and Applied Organic Chemistry at the University of Sydney in 1912. He was briefly at St Andrew’s University, 1920–22 and then was offered the Chair of Organic Chemistry at Manchester University. Robinson was then a Professor at UCL, 1928-30. In 1930 he became Prof of Chemistry at Oxford University and a Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford.
Now then. Robert Robinson was a keen amateur chess player. He represented Oxford University in a friendly match with a team from Bletchley Park in December 1944, in which he lost his game to pioneering computer scientist I. J. Good. Robinson was President of the British Chess Federation 1950–53 and with Raymond Edwards he co-authored the book The Art and Science of Chess (Batsford, 1972).
Asa Briggs liked chess and he played it when he was working at Bletchley Park. Asa played chess at Bletchley Park with Howard Smith, who became Director of MI5 in 1979. The year that Dorothy’s former student became PM. A rather dim student who was deeply unpopular in the Tory Party but who it is alleged was a tool for Airey Neave and a few other mad old gits who worked for the security services and wanted to introduce a right wing agenda and who concealed organised abuse and crime at every level, including that involving the Royal Family. Dorothy, Sage and their mates won’t have had any sympathy at all for Neave and Snobby Roberts’s politics. But it won’t have mattered. The Ugandan discussions had gone on for so long among so many, the double agents were everywhere and Thatch was outclassed.
They were all So Clever! The wine cellars of Oxford remained full although Tebbit was desperate to empty them…
The only people who lost out as the extended bout of troughing began were the citizens of Britain who were absolutely bloody shafted.
Robert Robinson died on 8 Feb 1975. Snobby Roberts became Leader of the Tory Party on 11 Feb 1975, after being encouraged to stand by and then receiving the robust support of Peter Morrison. History tells us that Thatch won partly because there were no other real contenders, all others being perceived as deeply flawed or tainted with the whiff of Ted Heath and his failures. No-one mentioned child molestation on an industrial scale in High Places.
Down in Somerset my grandpa was appalled that Thatch had won. Everyone thought that it was because grandpa was a terrible old git who couldn’t bear to see a Woman PM. I wonder if he knew something else as well in the way that he denounced Edward du Cann as a crook years before it became obvious that du Cann was a crook? du Cann was only exposed as a crook of impressive dimensions after he stated his intention to challenge Heath for the leadership of the Tory Party; one of his companies collapsed and everything unravelled. du Cann didn’t stand for Leader and Thatch saw her opportunity. See post ‘The Milk Street and Other Mafias’.
Dorothy’s boss/bedfellow John Bernal had a long-term relationship with the artist Margaret Gardiner. Their son Martin Bernal (1937–2013) was a Professor in the Department of Government at Cornell University and author of the controversial Afrocentric work Black Athena. Margaret referred to herself as “Mrs. Bernal”, though the two never married. This is typical of the Gang’s network; it is How Very Dare You for everyone else, while they are busy in Uganda adopting the pretence (to use a phrase employed by Dafydd in one of his High Court cases against me) of being Respectable. I don’t mind what they were up to if it was between consenting adults and most other people wouldn’t care either, but while they were trotting around calling themselves Mrs, Gwynne was lobotomising the victims of sexual assault.
Eileen is mentioned as Bernal’s widow in 1990. Bernal also had a child (Jane, b.1953) with Margot Heinemann. Margot was born in West Hampstead. Her father was Meyer Max Heinemann, a merchant banker and her mother Selma Schott, both non-Orthodox Jews from Frankfurt. Margot was educated at Roedean School and at King Alfred School in London, and read English at Newnham College, Cambridge. When she was at Cambridge, Margot was the lover of John Cornford, a Communist who died fighting in the Spanish Civil War. Eric Hobsbawm was at Cambridge at the same time as Margot and Hobsbawm wrote “she probably had more influence on me than any other person I have known.”
Margot joined the CPGB in 1934, because of its active opposition to the British Union of Fascists. After Cambridge she taught 14-year-old girls at Cadbury’s Continuation School in Bournville, now Bournville College, on day release from the chocolate factory. In the CPGB Margot worked in the Labour Research Department from 1937. Margot stood as the communist candidate for Vauxhall in 1950. In 1959 she resumed teaching at Camden School for Girls and then Goldsmith’s College, 1965-77. Hobsbawm’s daughter Julia went to Camden School for Girls, as did Gordon Brown’s wife Sarah. In 1976 Margot was made a Fellow of New Hall, Cambridge. She was still teaching at New Hall up to 1989 and stayed a member of the CPGB until it was dissolved in 1991.
John Bernal’s 1929 work The World, the Flesh and the Devil received glowing praise.
I’m gawping at the mess Eric, a la Roobarb and Custard when they decorated the house…
Among all these grand polymaths who passed through Cambridge, may I remind everyone of Dr Jonathan Miller, a good friend to the Gang, always happy to help, as discussed in previous posts… eg. ‘Bernard Levin and Jonathan Miller Talk Bollocks’.
Harold Wilson’s Ministry of Technology’s faithful civil servant Christopher Herzig had a father-in-law, P.A. Buxton, with an impressive network that touched the Gang.
Patrick Alfred Buxton (24 March 1892-13 December 1955) was a medical entomologist. Patrick Buxton was born on 24 March 1892 in Paddington, London, son of the banker and politician Alfred Fowell Buxton (1854-1952) and his wife Violet Jex-Blake. Buxton was educated at Rugby and Trinity College, Cambridge. He was elected a Fellow of Trinity and then continued his studies at St George’s Hospital qualifying as a Top Doctor…
Buxton qualified during WW I and immediately took up a commission in the RAMC. He served in Mesopotamia and North West Persia. While in the Middle East Buxton developed his interest in insects. In 1921 Buxton accepted the post of entomologist in the Medical Department in Palestine. From 1923 to January 1926 Buxton was with a collecting expedition in Samoa. On returning to London Buxton was appointed Head of the Department of Entomology in the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Buxton’s work was concerned with the practical control of pests such as lice, mosquitoes and flies during WW II. In 1945-1946 Buxton worked in East Africa on controlling Tsetse flies.
Not only did Buxton pass through the bastions of Big Boys end of the Gang – Cambridge, St George’s and LSHTM – but being an entomologist, Patrick Buxton will have known and probably worked with people at the Dept of Zoology at UCNW. Members of the Bow Tie Club and their friends.
Patrick Buxton married Muryell Gladys Rice (1895-1989) in March 1917 in Swansea. They had two sons and four daughters:
- Martin Patrick (1920-1966) was a Captain in the Royal Signals and held the office of First Secretary of the Foreign Service
- Andrew Patrick (1923-1952) was a Flight Lieutenant in the RAF and was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross (D.F.C.) during WW II. He was a mammologist at the Virus Research Institute in Entebbe, Uganda (most appropriate) where he died.
- Helen Muryell (1925-2014), married Donald Wright 26 June 1948 and they had five children
- Marian Elizabeth (1927-1984)
- Rachel Katharine (1930-) married Christopher Herzig on 19 July 1952.
- Lucy Bertha (1932-)
Buxton died on 13 Dec 1955 at his home in Buckinghamshire. His widow survived him by more than 30 years and died on 6 September 1989 in Oxford.
Buxton’s son-in-law – Christopher Herzig’s brother-in-law – Donald Wright taught in a number of public schools: University College School, 1948–50; The Hill School, Pennsylvania, 1950–51; Leighton Park School, 1951–53; Marlborough College, 1953–63, (where he was a Housemaster) and finally at Shrewsbury School as Headmaster 1963–75. In 1971 Wright was Chairman of the Headmasters’ Conference.
One of Wright’s former pupils, the cricket commentator Christopher Martin-Jenkins, recalled him in his years at Marlborough as “an imposing figure, very tall, with a slight stoop, he had a loud voice and was never dull or predictable. On one occasion he threw a book at a boy called Horsey who had offended him in some way. On another… he threw a whole desk at someone as well.”
On his time at Shrewsbury, ‘The Times’ has called Wright a “great reforming headmaster”. While there, working with the Anglican Diocese of Liverpool, Wright took a leading role in the building of a new Shrewsbury House, the school’s mission in Liverpool, which was opened in 1974 by Princess Anne. While Wright was head of Shrewsbury, he secured many leading churchmen to come to preach in the school chapel, including Henry Chadwick, David Jenkins, Dennis Nineham, Stuart Blanch, and Donald Coggan, Archbishop of Canterbury.
After retiring as a Headmaster in 1975, Wright became the Archbishop of Canterbury’s Patronage Secretary, based at Lambeth Palace also chairing the William Temple Foundation and serving as Secretary to the Crown Appointments Commission which has the task of recommending the appointment of Church of England bishops. Wright was still in post when Archbishop Coggan retired in 1980 and was asked to consult on his successor. The chosen successor was Robert Runcie…
With his wife, Helen, Wright had some 20 years of retirement at Coulston, Wiltshire, where he was active in the parish church and became a campaigner on environmental causes. The Wiltshire of Sir Peter Morrison’s family.
Wright was a Governor of King’s College School, Wimbledon, 1981–92. Numerous senior staff from St George’s Hospital Medical School lived at Wimbledon, including Prof Geoffrey Chamberlain. Lord Michael Havers, who as Thatch’s Attorney General for England and Wales and N Ireland, 1979-87, was known to have blocked prosecutions of celeb paedophiles/sex offenders was Tory MP for Wimbledon, 1970-87. See previous posts.
Havers’ sister Lord Elizabeth Butler-Sloss was Chair of the Cleveland Child Abuse Inquiry. That scandal was caused by Dafydd’s partners in crime in the North East and their advanced fuckwittery and criminality, but Butler-Sloss concealed the lot. See ‘Twas The Night Before Christmas And The Culprits Were Named’. After Fiona Woolf was obliged to stand down as the Chair of the IICSA when it was revealed that she was mates with rather a lot of those who were going to be investigated (Alexis Jay is mates with even more of them), Butler-Sloss was appointed Chair. Immediate outrage occurred because of who Butler-Sloss’s brother was. It was later revealed that during her 10 mins as IICSA Chair, Butler-Sloss had tried to ensure that the C of E would not be part of the Inquiry, Butler-Sloss being a lifelong Anglican…
Butler-Sloss is not the only compromised party. The IICSA was never going to have a Chair who had not been involved in concealing abuse themselves, because everyone working in the field did. The squealers were forced out of their jobs, there really is not anyone who did not collude. I challenge readers to find me one…
John Moore, Thatcher’s Secretary of State for the DHSS, 1987-89, lived in Wimbledon. There was a rumpus when Moore became ill and didn’t use his ‘local NHS hospital’ ie. St George’s. He wouldn’t have dared, he knew what was happening there, he was one of those concealing it all. See previous posts.
Donald Wright was a member of the Committee of the Wiltshire Blind Association, 1985–97. In 1984 he was appointed an OBE. Wright died in July 2012, aged 89 and his funeral service was at Edington Priory.
In July 2012, the Old Salopians website announced Donald Wright’s death and published a pic of Wright from his time at Shrewsbury with a pupil who was there at the time, ‘Christopher Prentice, CMG (SH 1967-72). Christopher Prentice is currently the UK Ambassador to Italy’.
Donald will have had a vast network of contacts with people like Christopher Prentice. Every school at which Wright taught produced numerous people who later occupied positions of very great influence. It wouldn’t actually matter if Donald hadn’t taught them; it is the alumni networks… I have mentioned Shrewsbury School many times before; Sir Charles Evans went to school there, as did Sir Eldryd Parry, one of the maggots of Top Docs who passed through the rotting carcass that was the Welsh National School of Medicine when it was concealing the crimes of George Thomas, Gwynne, Dafydd and many more. The ‘Private Eye’ founders went to Shrewsbury, as did Michael Heseltine…
University College School educated Harold Wilson’s sons when Alan Barker, Trumpers’ husband, was Headmaster there. Trumpers, as the Head’s wife, entertained numerous grand people who were past pupils or the parents of present pupils. Marlborough College is really posh, it has produced so many people in public life that there is not the capacity to name them here. Those public schools also produced Rebels but the Rebels kept quiet about the worst because they didn’t want their careers destroyed or be refused treatment when they or one of their families went to a Top Doc. Lindsay Anderson who made the anti-public school film ‘If’ went to Cheltenham College, although ‘If’ I think was based on Marlborough College. Lindsay was very 1960s film director with sunglasses and fur coat, he remained friends with people who were using the services of Dafydd and Gwynne’s network. See previous posts. His generation had seen what happened to people like Syd Barratt from Pink Floyd or indeed Patient F and they scarpered.
Donald Wright himself as a boy was taught by W.H. Auden…
Other Ministers of Technology under Harold Wilson were:
See previous posts eg. ‘No Cuts’ for info on Wedgie Benn. Geoffrey Ripon had a great deal to do with the unlawful arrest and imprisonment of Mary Wynch. See previous posts.
John Emerson Harding Harding-Davies served as the Tory MP for Knutsford in the heart of the Cheshire end of Gwynne and Dafydd’s operation, 1970-78, but look at all Davies’s other positions:
|Shadow Foreign Secretary|
11 April 1976 – 6 November 1978
|Preceded by||Reginald Maudling|
|Succeeded by||Francis Pym|
|Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster|
5 November 1972 – 5 March 1974
|Prime Minister||Ted Heath|
|Preceded by||Geoffrey Rippon|
|Succeeded by||Harold Lever|
|President of the Board of Trade|
15 October 1970 – 5 November 1972
|Prime Minister||Ted Heath|
|Preceded by||Michael Noble|
|Succeeded by||Peter Walker|
|Secretary of State for Trade and Industry|
15 October 1970 – 5 November 1972
|Prime Minister||Ted Heath|
|Preceded by||Post established|
|Succeeded by||Peter Walker|
|Minister of Technology|
28 July 1970 – 15 October 1970
|Prime Minister||Ted Heath|
|Preceded by||Geoffrey Rippon|
|Succeeded by||Position abolished|
|Director of the Confederation of British Industry|
30 July 1965 – 15 October 1969
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Campbell Adamson|
|Member of Parliament
18 June 1970 – 6 November 1978
|Preceded by||Walter Bromley-Davenport|
|Succeeded by||Jock Bruce-Gardyne|
|Born||8 January 1916
London, England, UK
|Died||4 July 1979 (aged 63)
London, England, UK
John’s son Francis aka Frank Davies, the Hon. Francis William Harding Harding-Davies, is a big wig in the Canadian rock music industry. See previous posts.
Anyone for a bit of Leonard Cohen? Leonard’s famous muse Marianne Ihlen who died not so long ago had a son, Axel, who knew Leonard and the crowd. Axel went to the progressive school Summerhill.
As an adult Axel has experienced severe mental health problems and has spent his life in and out of institutions. No, it won’t have been because of all the free living or even the cannabis psychosis. I can guess why his life has just been so difficult in spite of all the Help from Top Doctors…
Film Director Nick Broomfield has made a film about Leonard and Marianne. Broomfield met Leonard and the crowd in 1968, on the Greek Island of Hydra where they were all hanging out, in the vicinity of the woman who would later marry Robert Runcie no less. Nick had just completed a year of a law degree at Cardiff University…
Nick’s film ‘Marianne & Leonard: Words of Love’ will be released on 26 July 2019.
Will we ever hear from Axel I wonder? Or just Nick’s version, Nick of Cardiff University Law School in 1968…
Nicholas Broomfield was born in 1948. He is the son of photographer Maurice Broomfield and Sonja Lagusova. From 1959 to 1965, Broomfield was educated at Sidcot School, a Quaker boarding school for boys (now co-educational), near Winscombe in Somerset. Nick attended University College, Cardiff and the University of Essex, where he studied political science. Subsequently, he studied film at the National Film and Television School in London (see previous posts for info on this venture of Miranda’s pal David Putnam’s).
Anyone for that other famous Canadian singer, Celine Dion? Who met her husband and manager Rene Angelil when she was 12 yrs old and he was in his late 30s. Rene dated back to the 1960s pop scene. Celine became a superstar in the late 1980s.
Angélil was accused by Yun Kyeong Kwon Sung of sexual assault. The alleged incident took place in 2000 in a Las Vegas hotel and was investigated by police. Angélil eventually paid $2 million to settle the case, though never admitted wrongdoing. He said that the settlement was paid to avoid negative publicity that might upset Celine Dion. Yun and her husband, Ae Ho Kwon, were arrested in 2003 and charged with trying to extort money from Angélil over a false claim of rape. The couple were convicted in 2005.
Who knows what the truth beneath it all was. It’s not as if the lawyers involved will have been concerning themselves with that.
Frank Davies, Canadian record producer, who’s dad knew Dafydd and Gwynne:
Frank’s dad John died at age 63 on 4 July 1979. Mary Wynch was unlawfully banged up at the time. On 20 June 1979 Mr Thrope had been acquitted of conspiracy and incitement to murder at the Old Bailey.
Mind how you go Mr Thrope Sir.
I’ve had so much to get through on this post that I don’t have the capacity to explain in detail how the Westminster Paedophile Ring grew and how those facilitating it gradually dominated the UK medical schools, encompassing every teaching hospital in London by the end of 1960s while the ring also reached out into the provinces. I hope that readers have grasped what was happening from previous posts and how there was traffic of leading academics involved between London and Cardiff in particular. It was the involvement of Top Doctors piggy backing on nuclear scientists who made that ring untouchable.
Key institutions facilitating the ring merged at key times. My post ‘Meet the Gwerin!’ discussed the merger of St George’s and Springfield, the plan of Sir Paul Brett Storey, in the late 1960s. St George’s was serving the criminals of elite Knightsbridge but Springfield was a decaying dumping ground of an asylum in Tooting where the prey could be despatched and indeed found. Harold Wilson’s Gov’t then wrote the plans to build the new flagship St George’s Hospital Medical School in Tooting, under the umbrella of democratising medicine and medical training. By the time that St George’s relocated in the early 1980s, the whole of that part of south London was in the control of organised crime based on that ring. It was no coincidence that a new Dept of Paediatrics was opened at St George’s and the ruthless vain dimwit Dame June Kathleen Lloyd was appointed Head of Dept and she then appointed Ollie Brooke and others to senior academic positions. See eg. ‘Too Many Pills’.
This process was overseen at Cabinet level by Cabinet Secretaries Burke Trend, 1963-73; John Hunt, 1973-79; Robert Armstrong, 1979-87 and Robin Butler, 1988-98. The rot had of course already been there under Trend’s predecessor Norman Brook, 1947-62. See previous posts.
More recently, the bringing together of Top Docs and senior academics who were involved in serious organised crime was begun by the merger in 1988 of Imperial College with St Mary’s Hospital Medical School under the Imperial College Act 1988. Amendments to the Royal Charter changed the formal name of the institution to The Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine and made St Mary’s a constituent college. This was followed by mergers with the National Heart and Lung Institute in 1995 and the Charing Cross and Westminster Medical School, Royal Postgraduate Medical School (RPMS)/Hammersmith Hospital and the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in 1997, with the Imperial College Act 1997 formally establishing the Imperial College School of Medicine.
In 2003, Imperial was granted degree-awarding powers in its own right by the Privy Council and in 2004 the Imperial College Business School was opened by Lilibet. The UK Energy Research Centre was also established in 2004 and opened its headquarters at Imperial. On 9 December 2005, Imperial announced that it would commence negotiations to secede from the University of London. Imperial became fully independent of the University of London in July 2007.
In April 2011, Imperial and King’s College London joined the UK Centre for Medical Research and Innovation as partners with a commitment of £40 million each to the project. The centre was later renamed the Francis Crick Institute (the Francis Crick who has never supervised a PhD student) and opened on 9 November 2016. It the largest single biomedical laboratory in Europe. The college began moving into the new White City campus in 2016, with the launching of the Innovation Hub. This was followed by the opening of the Molecular Sciences Research Hub for the Dept of Chemistry officially opened by the Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan – a lawyer who grew up in Tooting and knew what was happening there, as discussed in previous posts -in 2019.
I have been told that it all kicked off because I had in 1986-87 witnessed very serious wrongdoing at Imperial (in the form of Gwynne and Dafydd’s mates at Hammersmith Hospital/Royal Postgraduate Medical School, who were already closely linked to Imperial) and it was realised that I was not going to keep quiet about it. St Mary’s was the domain of Royal Doc Sir George Pinker (see post ‘Wimmin’s Wellbeing – The Fortnum and Mason Connection’) and had become even posher and more fashionable by Diana giving birth to William and Harry there, so that provided armour plating in the face of allegations from a Nutter and her friends.
The original prime mover and shaker, I understand, was Lord Brian Flowers originally from Swansea.
|Motto||Scientia imperii decus et tutamen (Latin)[note 1]|
Motto in English
|Scientific knowledge, the crowning glory and the safeguard of the empire|
|Type||Public research university|
|Established||1907 by Royal Charter (1823 earliest medical school)|
|Endowment||£157.1 million (as of 31 July 2017)|
|Budget||£1.027 billion (2017–2018)|
|Visitor||The Lord President of the Council ex officio|
Global Alliance of Technological Universities
Are you proud of what you achieved Carlo/Lilibet and co? Those institutions are gobbling up billions, they are out of control, patient safety is severely compromised and the research does not seem to be translating into better clinical outcomes. But at least Brown and I have spent most of our adult lives in poverty and marginalised.
As this nightmare spiralled, those who had witnessed the origins of it in the middle years of the 20th century at Cambridge, King’s College London Imperial and Birkbeck when all those Nobel Prizes were given out to cheats, liars and fraudsters who had colleagues who were sexually assaulting children and killing witnesses found themselves in very powerful positions.
The Two Cultures of Birkbeck:
The World of Literature: